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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 13, 1913, Image 3

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Invasion of Mexico Might Cause War Requiring Army of 300,000
Regular Force Rests Upon Guns Awaiting Order to Move: Militia and Volunteers May Be Summoned
President Hopes to Avert Strife by Rushing
Warships South for the Protection of
Foreigners in Republic
owing to the uncertainty of the tele
graphic communication to the capital,
it is not expected he will furnish much
of an account before tomorrow.
He practically is in charge of the
situation, it being declared this after
noon that no additional instructions
had been given him other than the gen
eral request from both sides to protect
foreign lives. It was admitted by the
state department that several foreign
diplomats had called to inquire about
conditions in Mexico City, but it was
asserted that there was no particular
significance to the fact, as It was un
derstood by the other powers that the
United States would protect its in
One thousand dollare was transmit
ted to Ambassador Wilson by the
American National Red Cross with In
structions that one-half the amount be
expended by the Mexican Red Cross in
the relief of suffering and distress in
cident to the revolution, while the other
half could be expended by the ambas
sador in his discretion for the relief of
the sick, wounded and destitute Amer
Tremendous pressure is being
brought to bear by Americans who are.
extensive property owners in north
ern Mexico to force American inter
This pressure is being quietly ex
erted on and by certain members of
congress and more noisily in certain
portions of the public press.
President Taft is well aware of the
motives which prompt such clamor and
will not be swayed by it. So, too, are
many members of congress.
Senator Tillman came out flatly to
day and asserted his knowledge that
certain Americans who own property
in Mexico were responsible for much
that is said with regard to interven
Senator Cullom, chairman of the
committee on foreign relations, cfe
precated interference by the United
Other senators admitted privately
that they were well aware of the an
imus back of the more violent expres
sions, but would not talk for publi
cation because they may be called on
to deal with the subject officially.
Generally speaking the members of
both houses of congress are in entire
acrnrd with the desire of the president
to abstain from intervention as long
as possible.
The chief of the quartermaster corps
of the army has completed arrange
ments for transportation of troops by
rail to the Mexican border and by trans
ports from Newport News and from
Galveston. It has been no great trou
ble to map a plan for the transporta
tion of troops by land.
The army has been for some time
in a condition to enable its mobiliza
tion in Texas, when the circumstances
necessitated such a step.
The developments of the situation
in Mexico and the direction in which
the troops wlllbe used must necessarily
determine the destination of troops,
and whether they shall go by rail or
by water.
If it ie decided that a large nailitary
force should be mobilized at some point
on the Mexican border, concentration
will be accomplished in a few days
more than required for the water trip.
The military authorities already have
settled which troops are to form such
a command and have perfected the ar
rangements by the selection of the per
sonnel and the various auxiliaries con
nected with a mobilization of that char
Negotiations have been made with
owners of ocean liners for the acqui
sition of the vessels should the occa
sion require additional water trans
portation facilities.
Communication has been .opened with
representatives of the Mailory, Ward,
Southern Pacific, American-Hawaiian
and other lines, and it has been found
that about 30 vessels will be available
for use by the government by March
18. Other steamers would be avail
able later and probably in time to ac
commodate all the troops which would
be needed. . ' •
If the troops come from the east and
northwest they will be taken on board
at Newport News. If it is necessary
to transfer into Mexico any of the
troops now In Texas, the embarkation
probably will be at Galveston.
The Mexican ports where the debark
ntion will occur would be Vera Cruz
or Tampico, from which there are ade
quate railroad facilities for getting to
the Mexican capital and other points
where it might be necessary to mane
a military demonstration.
There is no failure of the military
and naval authorities to appreciate the
gravity of the situation. It also Is ap
preciated that an invasion of Mexico
would present a problem of the ut
most gravity.
Most army officers believe that the
appearance of the American troops
;-outh of the Rio Grande would serve
in amalgamate into a single resisting
f<-iA both loyal and rebellious Mexi
The character of the country Is such
to lend itself to a type of warfare
■jg -. Iculated to tax the endurance of a
iirge body of trained soldiers.
ARMY OF 800,000 MEN
Some experts take the view that an
invading army of less than 300,000 men
would be ineffective.
That would necessitate a call for vol
unteers, in addition to tne employment
of the organized militia.
It is believed also that even with
BOCta a force the effort to restore peace
and establish a stable government in
Mexico would involve protracted war
fare. The period is variously esti
mated, the maximum prediction being
not less than six or seven years.
Officers who have visited Mexico
point nut that it is not merely a ques
tion of getting troops to the capital.
bat that the lines of approach must be
protected for every mile from the bor
der lines or the seaports to the capital.
It is this which would require vigilance
and would call for an extraordinary
force while guerrilla wacfare in broken
•ountry, conducted by troops who had
the entire sympathy of the inhabitants,
would prolong the struggle and involve
this country in an expensive shedding
of blood and treasure which defies esti
Another problem, however. Is pre- !
Ftnted in arranging for the transfer of
troops by water.
Everything , has been put in readi
ness for the employment in that direc
tion of the four army transports at
Newport News —the McClellan, which
has accommodations for 350; the Meade,
for 915 men and 97 animals; the Sum*
ncr, for 740 men and 97 animals, and
the Kilpatrick, for 960 men and 104
By crowding the men and using mat
tresses on the decks, it is believed that
these four transports on- each trip
*.uld carry between 3,000 and 3,500
The vessels have been coaled, and it
Continued From Page 1
would be only a question of a few
hours to Install the 30 days' rations
which would be provided for each man.
Stories of occasional robbery and J
looting by small mobs were reported \
today, but for the most part the crimi- I
nal as well as the law abiding element ,
j were too terrified by the incidents of ;
the last two days to do anything but I
seek places of safety.
Business houses, banks and restaur- j
ants are closed and not even a rail
way ticket is to be bought in the up- j
town offices.
The offices of the cable company !
J have been kept open throughout the
i fighting, however, even when the
j shrapnel was beating in on all sides.
When a shell tore a gaping hole in
the iron shutters over the windows
the force of Mexican operators con
tinued without Interruption their work
jof receiving and sending at tables not,
' five feet away.
The residents of Gore court evacu- i
I ated only after two shells had burst j
Into the big apartment house.
Dozens of buildings show great i
I jagged holes, broken cornices and torn I
I off corners, while hundreds bear more |
j insignificant marks of what has been
i the most terrible bombardment any
i city of North America has been sub- j
! jected to since the adoption of modern I
I high power cannon.
In some streets the overhead wires \
; dangle from posts, the fire from one '
side or the other having sheared off ;
I many of the supports. In the Ala
! meda. the great wooded park in the
center of the city, the trees were
mowed down by the vicious flre; small
twigs and limbs cover the ground in
places, evidence of the heaviness of
the small arm flre.
Among the buildings damaged was
that of the Mutual Life Insurance com
pany, in the side of which a great hole |
was torn.
Over the building during the battle
the British and American flags were (
Most of the buildings suffering the
greatest damage are owned by Mexi
cans, but many offices in them are oc
cupied by Americans and other for
Considerable damage was done to
the National theater, now under con- !
struction. It was at this point that
the rebels dismounted a federal cannon.
Another, five squares below, also
was dismounted, as were others to the
This evidence of expert marksman
ship on the part of the gunners in the
rebel ranks further was demonstrated
in the sweeping shrapnel flre over the
higher buildings hi the center of the
These operations were intended to
free the district from troublesome rifle
men and machine guns.
One section of these were in the
tower of the sixth police station.
A few blocks farther east the Gore
office building was used for the same
purpose, while other structures within
the same area harbored little quick
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.—President
Taft and the cabinet are in accord
that congress shall share the responsi
bility for any intervention i» Mexico.
A day of conferences between the
president and his advisers ended with
the understanding that should condi
tions in Mexico City become so much
worse as to demand the landing of
American troops Mr. Taft will lay be
fore hoth houses of congress the full
facts of the situation in a special
Every preliminary was arranged to
day for the action which might fol
low such a course.
Thirty-five thousand men of the army,
navy and marine corps were put In
readiness for movement.
The first brigade of the First army
division, just created in the reorganiza
tion, 3.000 men in all and the nucleus
of an expeditionary force of 18,000, was
put on marching orders ready to en
train for Newport News, Va., where
army transports wait under steam.
Between 2,500 and 3,000 marines of
the Atlantic battleship fleet and at the
Guantanamo naval station, were pre
pared for immediate movement to Vera
Cruz, where they might be kept aboard
ship ready for landing to blaze an
avenue of escape to Mexico City for
foreigners, as they did at Peking.
Six dreadnoughts with approximately
6,000 jacrkies and officers now are rush
ing under full steam for Mexican ports
—four on the Atlantic and two on the
Pacific. The first should arrive at its
destination Friday; the last, Sunday.
Ten other crack fighting ships of the
Atlantic battleship fleet, swinging at
anchor 70 hours off at Guantanamo,
are ready for sea. They have approxi
mately 9,000 officers and men.
Five other smaller craft in Central
American waters are within call of the
The navy's plans today show:
Georgia, 15,000 ton battleship. Cap
tain Marbury Johnson, due at Vera
Cruz Friday.
Vermont, 16,000 ton battleship, flag
ship of Rear Admiral Fletcher, com
manding the second division of the At
lantic fleet. Captain Harry McL. P.
Huse, due at Vera Cruz Saturday.
Nebraska, 15,000 ton battleship, Cap
tain Spencer S. Wood, due at Vera
Cruz Saturday.
Virginia, 15.000 ton battleship, flag
ship of Rear Admiral Usher, command-
Ing the third division, Captain John D.
McDonald, due at Tampico Saturday.
Colorado, 14,000 ton armored cruiser,
flagship of Rear Admiral Southerland,
commander in ciuef of Pacific fleet,
The upper picture is of San Juan dc Letran street in the City of Mexico, where the severest fighting took place
Wednesday). At the left may* be seen the New Porter's hotel, which is much frequented by Americans. In the center
is a view of the entrance to Vera Cruz, showing the fort of San Juan de Uloa, which guards ffie harbor mouth. Below
is the Mutual Life Insurance company's building, which was hit by shells yesterday and set on fire. The portrait-is
of Arnold Shanklin, the American consul general, who was forced to flee from his offices during the fighting Tuesday.
Captain William L. Gilmer, due at Ma
zatlan Friday.
South Dakota, 14,000 ton armored
cruiser. Captain Charles , P. Plunkett,
due at Acapulco Sunday.
Within call to supplement this force
are the cruiser Denver, en route to Aca
jutla, Salvador; transport Buffalo, at
Corinto, Nicaragua; cruiser Dps Moines,
en route to Blueflelds, Nicaragua, and
due there Saturday; gunboat Nashville,
en route to Puerto Cortez. Honduras,
and gunboat Annapolis, en route to
Arnapala, Honduras. .
The battleships Wyoming, Utah, Flor
ida, Arkansas, North Dakota, Michi
gan, South Carolina, Minnesota, Idaho
and Ohio, 17 torpedo boat destroyers
and many auxiliary craft of the At
lantic fleet remain with Rear Admiral
Badger, commanding the Atlantic fleet
at Guantanamo.
It is the feeling of the administra
tion that these plans embody all that
can be done at this time, and that a
sufficient number of warships have
been dispatched, not only to observe
developments, but practically to create
neutral zones at ports where they lie,
in which Americans and other for
eigners in Mexico may find safety.
It has been suggested in some quar
ters that to land troops in Mexico would
be such an act of war as can be justi
fied only with the approval of con
gress. Many military officers fall to
see any distinction between such land
ing of troops on foreign soil In case of
anarchy, and the employment of ma
rines, for the same purpose as was
done in Nicaragua recently.
To meet the constitutional objection
in case the transports were sent to
Vera Cruz, it is understood that the
commanding officers would be in
structed not to land troops except on
presence on the coast, it is felt, doubt
presence on the coast, it is felt doubt
less would have a strong moral effect
upon the contending factions in Mex
ico and more than a week's time
would be saved in placing the soldiers
just where they would be needed in
case danger to foreign lives and prop
erty should become more imminent.
Unless one side or the other achieves
a decisive victory In the City of Mex
ico within the next day or two it is
probable that Ambassador Wilson will
be instructed to try to induce the
American residents of the capital to go
to the ports or other places of safety
and the representatives of other for
eign nations are expected to do the
same. One great element of danger
in the situation arises from the pres
ence In the City of Mexico of about
17,000 foreigners, whose home govern
ments are known to be in receipt of
many heartrending appeals for assist- .
ance. v Recognizing the disposition of
the United States government to ex
tend the same protection to these Eu
ropeans a-nd Asiatics as to its own cltl-
Zens, so far none of the diplomatic rep
resentatives of the foreign powers in
Washington has done more than make
a few inquiries at the state depart
ment as to the actual situation in the
Mexican capital.
A wholesale evacuation of the city
by the foreign element would involve
the latter in an enormous financial loss,
and. looking to the precedents estab
lished in the civil war. it is doubtful
whether any compensation could be ex
acted from whatever government may
exist after the close of hostilities in
Mexico. Altogether it Is apparent that
the administration is likely to find it
very difficult to adhere strictly to this
declared policy of nonintervention if
.the situation in the City of Mexico is
not materially changed for the better
in a very short time.
To add to the difficulty in keeping
in close touch with, the situation word
came to the state department late to
day from Consul Garrett at Laredo,
Tex., that all wires were down south
of Monterey and that communication
between Laredo and that point could
be had only by way of Mier. A com
plete severance of telegraphic com
munication between the United States
and its embassy in the City of Mexico
at this critical juncture easily might
bring about a change in policy on the
part of the administration, at least to
the extent of opening up a line of com
munication between the Mexican cap
ital find Admiral Fletcher's ships at
Vera Cruz by a naval expedition, If
Vermont on Her Way
CAIMANERA, Cuba, Feb. 12.—The
United States battleship Vermont sailed
for Mexico at 7 o'clock tonight. The
Vermont had 200 marines aboard,
drawn from this station.
Border Troops Alert
DOUGLAS, Ariz., Feb. 12.—Troops on
border patrol here are on the alert, as
a mutiny of the federal garrison at
Ag-ua Prleta, the Mexican town op
posite Douglas, is predicted. Four
troops of the Ninth cavalry at No
g-ales were ordered today to mobilize
with the regiment here. The Fifth
cavalry is to relieve them at Nogales.
All Ready to Start
BUFFALO, N. V., Feb. 12.—"We are
ready to start at a moment's notice,"
said Lieutenant Colonel Truitt. com
mandant of the First and Second bat
talion, Twenty-ninth infantry, sta
tioned at-- Fort Porter, Buffalo, and
Fort Niagara, Youngstown, when in
formed today that his command had
been ordered in readiness for foreign
Marines "Standing By"
BOSTON, Feb. 12.—The 200 marines
at the Charlestown navy yard pre
pared today to leave on 15 minutes'
i notice. Lieutenant Colonel Theodore
P. Kane, the commanding officer of
marines, said:
"Officers and men at the barracks
are 'standing by,' ready to move im
mediately upon receipt of orders to
do so."
The gunboat Tacoma is understood
to have received orders to proceed
for Central American waters tomor
Steever Organizing
EL. PASO, Tex.. Feb. 12.—General E.
Z. Steever, commanding the depart
ment of Texas, will depart from Fort
Bliss for San Antonio tomorrow to
perfect organization of the approxi
mately 4,000 regulars, representing all
arms of the service on the border east
and west.
At Fort Bliss there are two and one
third regiments of cavalry, one com
plete infantry regiment, a batfery of
field artillery and signal corps com
More cavalry regiments and two bat
teries of field artillery are stationed
at Fort Sam Houston, and squadrons
of cavalry at both Fort Clark and Fort
Mclntosh, Tex. Two regiments of cav
a'ry are strung along the Arizona
Vallejo Guns Ready
VALLEJO, Feb. 12.—Fourteen field
guns and a large quantity of ammuni
tion and other supplies are being held
at Mare island navy yard for imme
diate shipment to ships bound for the
Mexican coast. The shipment was pre
pared upon a telegraphic request from
Rear Admiral W. H. H. Southerland,
commander in chief of the Pacific fleet.
it is probable the shipment will be
made on the Collier Justin, due Sun
A rumor was current here today that
the cruisers California and Maryland
Shreve- & ■• Company
Established 1852
Sherbet cups, oyster
cocktail cups, bouillon
cups, tea cups, black coffee
cups, ramekins, grape fruit
holders and finger bowls,
in sterling silver with crystal
or china linings.
Post Street & Grant Avenue
San Fkancisco ,
Orozco Writes Salazar to
Lend Moral Support—
Juarez Cut Off From
. the Interior
EL. PASO, Tex., Feb. 12. —Local rebel
agents rejoiced today in the receipt of
two letters Indicating a union of ac
tion between the Diaz revolt in the
national capital and the revolution in
j the north.
One came from an agent at Mexico
City, who declared that the Diaz ele
ment was in sympathy with the Orozco
i revolution, and for the northern rev
olutionists at once to send delegates
to the national capital.
In event of Madero's downfall, the
j letter said, a congress of delegates
from all revolutionary parties will be
held at Mexico City.
Another letter signed by Pascual
] Orozco Jr., the missing commander In
chief of the northern revolution, was
made public. It was directed to Gen
j eral Inez Salazar. acting leader, and
■ asked that all moral assistance be
j offered to the Diaz uprising, recom-
I mending that all hostilities toward the
I federal troops be abandoned unless the
' rebel positions were contested.
Orozco is saidjto be located below the
; New Mexico lirre but his exact where
abouts was not made known.
That rebel activity is not altogether
passive, however, was evidenced today
when General E. Z. Steever received
a report of confiscation of ammunition
near Presidio, Texas. United States
troops of the border patrol seized 14.
--000 cartridges hidden in an old house
near the border and evidently destined
for rebels at Ojinaga, Chihuahua, just
across the line.
Juarez, where the federal garrison
impatiently awaits developments at
Mexico City, is again cut off from all
I communication with the interior.
Rebels who attempted to dynamite to
day's arriving passenger train, cut the
railway and commercial telegraph
wires not far below the border town.
The result of the riots at Chihuahua
City is not known here, as attempts
have failed to secure communication
by indirect routes.
Precautionary Meamirfii Against Con
tflfflouH Diseased Extended to
DomeMtlc Animals
(Special Dispatch to The Call)
BENICIA, Feb. 12.—The strict quar
antine measures which have resulted
from the four cases of contagious dis
eases in this city have been extended to
the domestic animals.
One family immured by the health
'authorities on account of diphtheria
sent a request to Mayor Crooks asking
that the watchman placed by the
health authorities at the premises be
instructed to lead the family cow to
pasture. The mayor replied that the
cow was quarantined, too.
"With a population of 60fl, Port Costa,
on the opposite side of Carquinez
straits, has II cases of diphtheria and
30 cases of other contagious diseases.
San Franoleco Clergnrraan and Honoln-
Lan Beneficiaries of Will
(Special Dispatch to The Call)
STAMFOBD, Conn., Feb. 12.—Affec
tion for her "teoys." as she delighted in
calling them, led Joanna Dulante to be
queath all of her estate to Arthur R.
Williams of Honolulu and Rev. Francis
G. W. Williams of San Francisco. Her
will was admitted to probate today by
Judge John F. Keating. Mrs. Dulante
was for years nursemaid in the Wil
liams family. She left about $1,000.
had received rush orders to proceed to
Mexico. The report is without founda
tion, as both vessels are undergoing
Winter Sportn at Trnekee
Tobogganing, skiing, skating and
sleighing. Conditions unusually good.
caDie returns your toboggan to starting
point. Exhibition and instruction in
skiing by Swiss expert. Reduced fares,
limited to return 10 days from date of
sale. See agents Southern Pacific.—Advt.
None Able to Give Coherent
Story of Fighting—Diaz
Captured 50,000 Rifle§
From Arsenal
LAREDO. Tex., Feb. 12.—A dispatch
from Monterey states that Marcelo
Caravan, rebel leader, demanded tonight
the surrender of Monclova, Cohuila.
Mex. Caravao is within a few milee of,
Monclova. All telegraph wires to Tor
reon were cut tonight.
Today's train from Mexico City
brought many men, women and chil
drenr refugees who left Monday, soon
after the Diaz revolt began.
Few passengers could give a coherent
story of the fighting. They deemed it
wise to leave the capital, notwithstand
ing no anti-foreign demonstrations had
occurred. They reported no disorder
along the line of the Mexican National
from Mexico City to Laredo, but said
excitement was in evidence at all points.
Mexican newspapers indicated the
stress under which the government was
laboring. Sunday's papers reported
once more that federal troops were
cooped up in the town of Atoyac, state
of Guerrero, and that rebels In Chalco,
state of Mexico, had kidnaped a man.
Ruraies were reported fighting rebels
near the edge of Tlalpam and prevent
ing the insurrectos from kidnaping Al
berto Woern or destroying his paper
mill. The newspapers asserted that
Tlalpam cadets, who liberated General
Reyes, killed their own leader. Colonel
Merelop, when he attempted to persuade
them to surrender to the government.
To Renew Complexion
Without Cosmetics
(From Th« Dermatologist)
If the excessive user of cosmetics
only knew the impression her artificial
ity really makes upon others, she would
quickly seek means of gaining a nat
ural complexion. Let her acquire the
mercolized wax habit, discarding make
ups entirely, and she will soon have
the kind of complexion that women
envy and men admire. It's so easy to
get an ounce of mercolized wax at any
drug store, use nightly, like cold cream
and wash it oft mornings. And the
results are so remarkable. Gradually
the lifeless cuticle peels off. In almost
invisible flaky particles. In a week or
so there's a brand new complexion,
clear, velvety-soft, of girlish color and
texture. The treatment is so simple,
harmless and marvelously effective, the
wonder is that every woman whose
skin is withered, discolored, rough,
chapped, freckled or pimpled, has not
already adopted it.
Let wrinkled women quit pastes and
massage creams which mar the skin still
more and try this more sensible treat
ment: Dissolve 1 oz. powdered saxo
lite in % pint witch hazel; use as a face
bath. Every line will quickly disappear.
J The famoue double track auto* "
• mafic safety tignal line bmtuuem Z
JJ * Omaha and Chicago *■
J ' l
j The San Francisco jjl
0 Overland Limited g
H via the Chicago, Union Pα- Q
li cific an<f AbrrA Western \n
[ Line, for many year* has g
[ been the experienced tray- [
U eler'e choice. (fi
< [ Q Lv. San Francisco 10:3© a. m. J
i I daily—leas than three days n]
J en route. '
J I 9 Its equipment is perfect, in* fl
! J eluding Pullman standard J
} sleeping cars (extra roomy [
I I berths, containing individual f
! J electric berth lights), spa- I
n cious drawing-room and «
1 compartment sleeping cars, 1/
i [ luxurious composite obser- j
j vation-buffet-library car and [
I dining car. v
[ IjThe route lies over a smooth* }
r rock-ballasted roadbed; auto- fl
j made electric safety signals [
y safeguard the journey all }
fj the way. n
0 The California 0
!1 Mail C
[ another splendid train, leave* }
r San Francisco daily 7-.00 p.m. I
[ Unequalcd Dining Car Service j
v The Best of Everything i
I /SfjSff'jj R ' *" RITCHIE ' G.W.A. I
3 ftfffifiySQJSr* R ' V-HOLDER [}
\ Chicif?asd p
3 Nortk We*tern Ry. %
: 1 57S Market Street [I
i Flood Bidg. JJ
[ &w Ftanctsco J
1 P
I tf
U All trains arrive at and depart from the 111
|| New Passenger Terminal, Chicago— fU
U the most modern militia? station in the world. If]
r> 0L3612 n]

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