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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 13, 1913, Image 6

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Battle in Mexico
City's Streets Is a
Novelty of Warfare
same as that of San Francisco, has been the scene of four days of battle for
that rich, but perilous prize, the government of Mexico. The outcome of the
struggle for the city it is impossible to forecast; but an epoch making battle
is in progress. Paris in the days of the commune fought its battles in the
street, but the conflict then was disorganized, bloody and furious, a battle
between soldiers and civilians, not a battle between two organized armies,
officered and armed with modern cannon, machine guns and high power rifles.
The City of Mexico, like all Latin-American cities, has beautiful open
spaces, plazas and alamedas; it has magnificent cathedrals and churches of
the native types of architecture, and modern steel frame buildings of the
American type, as, for instance, the Y. M. C. A. building, whose inmates were
driven out by the rebels and the building quickly converted into a fort,
mounted with machine guns and manned with sharpshooters.
Mexico is ancient among American cities. Before Cortez it was a center
of Aztec civilization; the imposing cathedral is located on the site of an
Aztec temple. Cortez laid the foundation of the structure that is now the
center of Mexican religious life, and, geographically, the center of Mexico's
internecine strife. In the City of Mexico were established the first colleges
on the American continent, and a high standard of medieval culture obtained
there before Harvard or Yale was dreamed of by the profound New
Englanders. Such the scene of a savage war.
The terrors of the fighting to the noncombatants increase in direct ratio
to the range of the arms used. The dispatches state that the rifle balls and
the artillery shells strike in all parts of the city. In the days of short range
pun? the noncombatant could protect himself by staying away from the zone
of danger; now the zone of danger follows him wherever he might go.
Cities have always been the sport of battle. From the frowning cities of
the Rhine and Tuscany, which were little more than municipal citadels, to
war vexed Port Arthur; from fabulous Troy to fretted Adrianople, the city
has always been the scene of blood and waf'. Orleans, Moscow, Richmond,
Vickebnrg, Paris, Peking, 'Babylon—open history at hazard and a blood
stained city glows red on the page, the scene of siege and beleaguerment;
but never in the day of most deadly armament has the city been the battle
field, have the two armies formed and marshaled their forces in the city's
streets. Steel and concrete office buildings have never before been turned
into forts.
Francisco could get its drinking water
near at hand and not have to go to
Hetch Hetchy—Robert Underwood John
son, himself a high minded, distinguished
literary gentleman and editor—is the Old
Dog Tray of American politics. He has a wonderful talent for fighting the
battles of predatory interests; his hand must be asbestos, so assiduous is it in
pulling the chestnuts of big business out of the fire.
Underwood Johnson Has
Talent for Aiding
Dubious Projects
As a nature lover—and none can question his devotion to all nature
except human nature residing in San Francisco—solely as a nature lover,
Robert Underwood Johnson went to Washington and disinterestedly aided
the Spring Valley company to the best of his ability to prevent San Francisco
from securing a pure supply of water in the Hetch Hctchy valley. Johnson's
ability and known integrity did much to aid the Spring Valley's dubious fight,
until Johnson wanted San Francisco to boil the Pacific for its drinking water.
Now the same Robert Underwood Johnson, than whom no man in
America ranks higher as a literary figure and an advocate of boiled water
for municipalities, is pulling the transcontinental railroads' chestnuts out of
the Panama canal rate fire. Johnson does not approve of the clause in the
Panama canal rate bill exempting coastwise navigation from canal tolls. He
deems it a violation of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty. A number of persons
agree with Mr. Johnson in this attitude, including the British secretary of state
for foreign affairs, the transcontinental railroad interests and Senator Root.
Mr. Johnson has just issued a pamphlet of expressions adverse to the
canal rate bill, most of which hold that the United States is wrong; some of
which call for arbitration, none of which (save those which Mr. Johnson
frankly admits he excluded from consideration) expresses the logical idea that
American coastwise shipping, independent as it is from competition with
foreign bottoms, should be exempt from tolls in the American built canal.
Robert Underwood Johnson is for repeal of the canal bills, repeal and nothing
else; while the real patriotic idea is to submit the matter to a conference
between American and British statesmen. The railroads want the bill
repealed outright, for reasons which will later be explained.
Robert Underwood Johnson has benevolent impulses, as did Old Dog
Tray and the cat of the chestnut fable. But his tendency to lend his idealism
to a greedy commercialism makes thinking persons, who can not doubt the
exalted standards of the distinguished member of the American Academy of
Arts and Letters, ponder upon those frequent coincidences and wonder,
solely in an academic way, what kinship there can be between that kind of
idealism and Spring Valley and transcontinental railroads. The man \vho
would boil the Pacific is surely frying the fat for the railroads, which want
to impose burdens on coastwise shipping—for the railroads that seek to kill
the canal rate bill as it stands at any cost and by any means, so they can
have drafted another measure which will not exclude trust or railroad owned
ships from the canal privileges.
Japan, Cursed With
Imperialism, Revolts
Against Class Rule
— the world, only higher taxes and impov
erished conditions at home. The Japanese laborer and farmer is more inter
ested in a higher standard of living than in a greater Japan. The riots which
are now staining the streets of Tokyo with blood are due to the revolt of
the people against the government's policy of imperialism and militarism.
The Review of Reviews, in an epitome of Japanese conditions as they
existed at the beginning of the year, says:
In Japan it is believed by many that the military revival is intended
to create a diversion from affairs at home—which may explode at any mo
ment —by making a raid on China. For the moment this spirit has been
( urhed and a change of cabinet has taken place, with Prince Katsura as
' prime minister. In reality, this is only one of those shuffling permutations
that take place in Japan whenever the popular feeling rises to a dangerous
degree. What is needed by the Japanese apparently is a government that
will settle down seriously to meet the rising tide of popular discontent with
existing conditions.
As that diagnosis suggested, Katsura became so unpopular that his resig
nation was demanded by the people. After several days of rioting Katsura
and his cabinet had to quit. The "explosion at home" has come
japan is suffering from the universal disproportionate increase of the cost
of living and of the income of the populace. James Davonport Whelpley,
writing in the Century Magazine, says:
In the last 10 years the price of 31 staples which enter into the dally
neede of a workingman's family has increased about 23 per cent In the
same period the wages of those working in the' eight most general occu
pations where food is furnished have increased by 33 per cent, while the
wages in the 20 most general occupations where the worker finds his own
living have risen only about 11 per cent. This latter classification includes
naturally by far the great majority of the industrial workers.
Considering the economic aspect of the problem which today confronts
the government of Japan, it is plainly the Nippon version of the present world
protest of struggling millions who refuse to carry the soldier on their bent
backs. For ages the peasant has humbly borne the burden of militarism,
seduced by the glib statesman, who assured him that the greatness , of his
country was of more importance to him than the nourishment of his body.
Now the peasant, be he French, Austrian, Italian or Japanese, is willing that
his country's boundaries be far flung, but first he himself must be fed.
For the first time in the epoch of im
proved artillery and long range rifle fire,
a battle is being fought in the streets of
a great city between two armies of
approximately 4,000 men each. The City
of Mexico, with a population about the
Imperialism is today the curse of
Japan. The samurai class want to
strengthen the army and navy, the chief
offices of which it has divided among its
caste; the "plain people" of Japan see in
militarism, as do their class throughout
Everybody Doing It but Uncle
IT wasn't fair to listen, and If I had a
proper sense of shame perhaps the
admission that I did listen would
not be thua publicly mad©. Like the po
liceman atthe ferry crossing, however,
I am a student of human nature, and In
the Interests of human knowledge the
Intrusion of the unsolicited ear may In
this case be forgiven. The hue of my
Iniquity may seem to be deepened by
acknowledgment that the conversation
from which was niched what is here set
before you "was carried on between two
girls, young, pretty and all unsuspect
ing , that the interest of the person In
the seat ahead In the sporting page of
a newspaper was as fictitious as a poli
tician's love of the merit system.
What was gained by the aforemen
tioned unsportsmanlike behavior was
some first hand knowledge from author
itative sources of the little esteem in
which the female of the species holds
the male flirt, "'philanderer," Webster
calls him in his famous collection of
ehort and disconnected stories. We
used to call 'em •'whifflejlmmies." The
species Is easily recognized.
"I gave my brother fits," one of the
girls remarked. "I told him it was a
shame to rush a girl steady for three or
four months, monopolize her time, drive
away her other boy friends and then
ditch her without a word of explana
tion, and rush some other girl.
"My brother's awful. He called on
one girl regular for a whole year,
ditched her and took on another steady
for three months. He ditched her. and
the first girl took him back. She thinks
he's great, but he ditched her again and
has had two steadies since. He hasn't
any steady just now and is kinder sore,
T think, because his first girl has an
other fellow."
"Don't let 'em rush you, that's my
way," contributed the other girl. "I be
lieve in keeping 'em at arm's length.
There's So-and-So; he likes me and I
like him, but do you think I'd run after
him? Why. if I saw him going along
on the other side of the street d'ye
think I'd holler to him or run across the
street to him? Nix! That is"—and she
added this in hopeful haste —'"less he
called me."
"I told my brother," resumed the first
speaker, "that he ought to be 'shamed
of himself. He told me to mind my
own business. But it is my business.
I've been rushed and ditched, and I
know how it feele."-
And then between them they con
ceived a fearful punishment for the
"Whenever I see one of them who
fllrte I always hope he'll go on until
he really falls in love with some girl
that won't have anything to do with
him. That cures 'em. I've seen it
work. I have a plan to fix brother.
I'm going to—"
The conductor called out: "Xext sta
tion is Dwight Way!" and when the
train started again the seat behind
was vacant. But I think I got her
point of view.
T heard a member of the Rudder
club the other day discussing: the "real
German beer," served aboard the liner
Cleveland, in terms so enthusiastic
that his panegyric amounted to a com
pelling Invitation —almost —to break
that New Year resolve and let the
water wagon drive Itself.
Tt was beer, he declared, such as only
the Fatherland brews. It was that fa
mous and often heard about nectar of
which It is said, "There ain't a head
ache In a barrel of It." That, by the
way, is a good, safe guarantee If taken
literally. than a barrel of most
beverages that come with this recom
mendation, considerably less, is apt to
cause some aching of the brow—espe
cially the next morning. Hβ hadn't
tasted such beer, he said, since he was
a student at dear old Heidelberg.
As is the custom with Heidelberg
men, he pointed lovingly to a scar on
hit cheek.
"I got this there," he said, softly.
"Some drunken chap throw a stein
at you?" asked an irreverent Oak
If a look could have killed, Oakland
would have been one shy in its noc-
turnal population.
"I said Heidelberg. I got this in a
Then he went on some more about the
beer. He was not the only one who en
joyed that beer. In fact, it was a fairly
general topic of conversation among
the thousands that visited the big ship,
and all agreed with the Heidelberg man
Shear Nonsense
"Dβ wust thing , about arithmetic,"
said Uncle Eben, "is dat a whole lot o ,
folks gits de idea dat any kind o' flg
gerin' is all right if dey kin finish up
wif a number dat has a dollar mark in
front of it." —Washington Star.
"Is young Mrs. Oldboy in mourning j
\ for her husband?" "I'm no mind reader
—how do I know?"— Baltimore Ameri
"Do you consider literature an art or
a science?" asked the very serious girL
"Neither," replied Mr. Penwlggie.
"It's a great big gamble in which any
body is permitted to write his own lot
tery ticket."—Washington Star.
To succeed you should mind your own
A writer declares—but Gee whizz!
Say, how can that be when the boss
stipends me
To pay strict attention to his?— Bo
ston Transcript.
Foreman Builder—Now, then, you;
hurry up, can't yer?
Laborer—Orl right, boss; Rome
wasn't built in a day.
Foreman Builder—No. praps not; but
I wasn't foreman o' that job.—Punch.
"Who is your favorite classical com
"My wife told me the answer to that
question this morning," replied Mr.
Cumrox, thoughtfully. "It is somebody
whose tunes you can't remember and
whose name you can't pronounce."—
Washington Star.
that "you have to take off your hat to
Germany when it comes to beer."
The day before the Cleveland sailed
from here there was a reception on
board. Luncheon was served; also beer.
Among the visitors were many natives
of the fatherland, and proud they were
at the praise woaby the white collared
beverage In wnich everybody was
"hoching" everybody else.
At a corner table, however, sat one of
those annoying pests that are forever
asking foolish questions.
"Is this German beer?" he inquired
of a waiter who spoke first class United
"No, sir," replied the honest servitor.
"Wβ have no German beer on tjie ship.
Wβ drank it all up before we reached
Japan. The only beer we're had since
is Japanese beer. This Is all made In
Japan.' ,
♦ * ♦
It is only fair to say, however, that a
large supply of the national beverage,
direct from Germany, was shipped out
here and put on board the Cleveland
for its homeward trip.
The moral: What's the use of a Heidel
berg education if you can be fooled by
a Japanese brewer?
Accordin , f th' nickel the-aters
our actors are becomin , good In
dians. By th , time "some fellers git
ready t , pay you it's jist Hke
findin , it.
Although not yet engaged as attorney
to defend Chin Duck, indicted for smug
gling Chinese into this country, we
offer the substantial defense that the
crime was committed during the open
season for ducks.
# * *
Russian peasants have lynched two
horse thieves; yet the czar still main
tains that his people are not ready
for self-government.
The name of one of the husbands of
a lady arrested for bigamy is Union.
* * #
California has been defeated. Call
out the troops! Secede from the
tyranny of the east that would bind
our women in coats from 24 to 27 inches
long, when every patriotic Californian
knows that the proper length of a coat
is from 22 to 32 inches. Also. California
lost its fight for the rational length
of dress skirts. We demanded that
skirts be from two to five and a half
inches from the floor, but the ruthless
domination of the east Insisted that
they be but from one to three and a half
inches from the floor.
Ah, bitter defeat for California!
The disaster was inflicted upon us
at the annual covention of the National
Ladies' Tailors' and Dressmakers' asso
ciation, held in New York city. Repre
sentatives from 21 states, the District
of Columbia and Canada were present.
Illinois and Canada stood with Califor
nia in the demand for the proper length
of skirt, but were defeated in the hour
of our sore need by the effete common
wealths of the Atlantic seaboard.
The outrage must be avenged.
Aimed Shots has started a symposium
against the invasion of personal rights.
Here follows a few expressions on the
R-b-rt N-wt-n L-nch of the California
Development board, said:
"California Is the greatest state In the
union. Our bank clearings for the year
1931 will be 167,980.306,060,057.19, and
the walnut crop of one single county,
towit, Del Norte, will be sufficient to
feed the combined armies of Russia.
Algeria. Liberia, Suaz, Cochin China
and Monte Carlo, after international
disarmament. The town of Santa Di
ablo, of which now one seldom hears,
will have a population of eight garages,
two high schools, a dancing academy
and five evenutng newspapers in 1987,
yet the National Ladies' Tailors' and
Dressmakers' association can not stop
the growth of our prosperity. My
remark* might invite criticism. I care
not. I don't think much of the N. I* T.
and D. M. association, I am frank to
Mme. S-r-h B-mh-rdt, a prominent
motion picture and conspicuous vaude
ville actress, said:
"I have frequently visited Paris,
France, which is said to be the center
of fashion for the whole world, though
for the life of me I can not at this mo
ment name the person who first gave
It that credit; and I want to say right
now that San Francisco has the most
beautiful climate the world has ever
seen, the most fascinating theaters, the
most indissoluble fogs, the most en
trancing seal rocks, and I will stand by
that assertion no matter what may be
said to the contrary by the New York
President Spr—l- of the S--th-rn
P-c-f-c company said:
"Our railroad company spends in San
Francisco more money than it makes
anywhere, in fact, the stock holders of
this magnificent system annually spend
millions out of their pockets for the
construction of noble railroad stations
and terminal palaces in San Francisco.
In return for that is the National
Ladies' Tailors' and Dressmakers' asso
ciation to cut the length of overland
tickets. No, say I, no."
Rev. Ch-rl-s Ak-d refused to be in
terviewed fon the subject. "I might
say too much," he commented.
The statements of all these inter
viewed are incontrovertible.
« » •
President Taft is moving his effects
out of the White House; President Ma
dero is preparing to do likewise.
* * •
It must be disconcerting to Lloyd
Osbourne. the novelist, to wake up in
New York and find that he had not been
shot in Mexico. It is a sad thins to
lose such valuable "copy," not through
fault of name, merely on account of
* ♦ •
Overall has been reinstated as a ball
player. Does that mean that another
orange orchardist has to go to work
Proposed Legislation
Two radical departures from accept
ed policies of administering: state char
ities are proposed by the so called
mothers' pension bill and the bill pro
viding' for children's relief and scholar
ship funds.
The mothers' pension hill has been
■widely advertised, but little discussed.
The bill for the children's relief and
scholarship funds comes from southern
California and has had neither adver
tising nor anything: like general dis
cussion in northern California.
Here are the general provisions of
the two measures by which It is pro
posed to put the state and the several
counties in a new relation both with
women and children on the one hand
and California's phllanthroplcally in
clined citizens on the other:
This bill provides for an appropri
ation of $100,000 annually for the par
tial support of mothers of children un
der 14 years of agre.
The administration of the proposed
law Is made the duty of the juvenile
courts In the several counties.
The payment of the pension or allow
ance Iβ. to be made directly to the bene
ficiary by the state treasurer, after
audit and allowance by the stafe board
of control. The audit and approval of
the state board of control Is to be based
upon a certified copy of the order of
allowance made by the juvenile courts.
The declared purpose of the act is'
to provide for the partial support of
mothers of children under age of 14
years whose husbands axe dead, are
permanently disabled by reason of
mental or physical Infirmities or are
Mothers and children must have legal
residence in the county In which ap-
Btficatlon is made to the juvenile court
for the prescribed relief or pension.
The pension allowance must not ex
ceed $15 a month if the mother'has one
child under the age of 14?
If she has more than one child under
the age of 14 the allowance must not
exceed $15 & month for the first child
and $7 a month for each of the otfier
The original order for the pension
shall not be effective for a period of
more than six months. Upon the ex
piration of that period the juvenile
court may extend the order from time
to time in its discretion. Such exten
sion orders may not be Issued until the
home of the mother has been visited by
the probation officer or some other com
petent person designated by the court.
Pension orders may be granted only
upon the following conditions:
First—The child or children for
whose benefit the allowance Is to
be made must be living with the
• Second—lt must appear that in
the absence of the pension applied
for the mother would be compelled
to work regularly away from her
home and children and that by
means of such allowance she will
not be compelled to work away
from home more than one day in
a week.
Third--The mother must, in the
judgment of the juvenile court, be
a proper person morally, physically
and mentally to bring up her chil
Fourth—The allowance or pen
sion, in the judgment of the court,
must be necessary to save the child
or children from neglect and to
prevent breaking up the mother's
Fifth—lt must appear to be the
benefit of the child to remain with
Its mother.
Sixth—a careful preliminary ex
amination of the home must be made
by the probation officer, Associated
Charities organization, humane so
ciety or other romprtent person or
agency designated by the court,
and a written report of s-uch exam
ination filed with the court.
Pension allowance are discontinued
automatically by the child attaining the
age of 14 years. Prior to that time the
court may modify or discontinue the
If the fund at the disposal of the
court be insufficient to provide pen
sions for all persons coming within the
provisions of the act the available re
lief shall be given to those in most
urgent need.
The benefits of the proposed act are
not to extend to any mother whose hus
band is imprisoned, if she receives
sufficient of his wages to support her
child or children.
Attempts to secure pensions for per
sons not entitled to them are made mis
demeanors punishable by fines from $.">
to $50 or imprisonment for not less
than two months or both such fine and
Any citizen of the county may file a
motion to set aside or modify the
court's order for a pension. The court
is bound to take testimony and make a
new order. From that order the citi
zen may appeal. If the of the
Juvenile court is sustained or if no ap
peal is made the person filing the mo
tion shall pay all the costs Incident to
the hearing.
The bill creates the "Indigent fund
for women and children" and directs
that the legislature provide for the
maintenance of that fund by appropria
tion as it provides for the support of
the state government.
It specifically provides that its enact
ment shall be deemed supplemental to
and shall in no wise operate as a repeal
of any existing law for the support of
orphans and half orphans.
The Unhappy Man
Though cheerful the world and pleas
ant, and azure the skies o'er all, he
can not enjoy the present for dreading
what may befall. He's tortured by
dire foreboding* of what may occur
next week; new wrinkles in griefs and
goadings he goes to much pains to
seek. It's useless to say, "Be cheer
ful, exult in this gorgeous day!" His
face will be always tearful, because he
is built that way. I see many way
worn cripples around in the haunts of
men, and over each face there ripples
a smile every now and then. A man
may be shy a shoulder or minus a col
larbone, and find that his Jot's no
colder than that of the friends he's
known; a man may be forced to scam
per along on a basswood limb, nor let
it,a moment hamper the joy that abides
in him. I know an old man who's
twisted and, bent, but he doesn't
scream; and always he has insisted
that life is a bully scheme. Alas! If
your twist Iβ mental, the world will be
cold and gray; you'll need much as
sistance dental, or you'll gnash all your
teeth away. WALT MASON.
The Halcyon Days
Everybody has heard of the "Halcyon
Days," and is accustomed to the meta
phorical use of the phrase. It is well
known, too, that they were supposed
to be a peiiod of calm during which the
Halcyon birds, commonly conceived to
be kingfishers, could hatch their young
on nests floating in the midst of the
ocean. (Needless to say, this is a
purely legendary habit.) But how many
people realize that we are supposed to
be enjoying the Halcyon days at this
very moment? They were placed by
the ancients during the week preced
ing and the week following the short
est day. For ourselves, were we Hal
cyons, we should feel gravely dissatis
fied with the conditions for this year's
incubation. —Westminster Gazette.
FEBRUARY 13, 1913
This bill provides for. the establish
ment of two * state i funds - to • be known
as the ? ; "state children's relief fund"
and the "state scholarship , fund." and
■ for the establishment of similar funds ;
in each-county-; /■;;*•■
. The funds are to be employed for the
maintenance and i education! of ' persons
under the /age of 21 years who come
within the "destitute" category.as, de
fined by the bill. The purposes of the
measure are not limited" to providing
common school education. There is
specific provision for loans to high
school 'graduates desirous but otherwise
unable to secure university training.
, The establishment j of the two state
funds is a duty imposed upon the state
controller and state treasurer.
Five per cent of the state collateral
inheritance and transfer; tax is to ge
into the state scholarship fund. «
Five per cent of the same tax is tc
" be apportioned to the several count?
I scholarship T funds ; as school t funds are
apportioned. ;• v
■ i The county funds are to be adminis
tered by a board of seven trustees, dis
creet persons appointed by the superior
court. One trustee is to he nominated
by the board of supervisors, one by the
county 1 board of ; education; one by th«
board of education in the largest cits
in the county, one by the legislative
body of the largest city, : one by the
' probation | committee of the county, tw<
by the superior court. All are to be ?
appointed by the court. In counties ■
having more than two superior Judgei
• a majority may appoint. V
The trustees are to be appointed foi
* life or during good behavior and are
; subject to removal from ? the trustee
ship i only for removal '; from ,the county,
malfeasance or incompetence. . Thej
are charged with the investment of the
funds. ' ' s .'..." : ' ,
The funds derived from , the inher
itance taxes are to be* supplemented bj
gifts •; and devises. ' In this eonnectlor
y the : bill proposes one , radical ehang«
from .existing • law governing devises
It repeals; the civil code provisions thai
not ' more V than one-third of ,: an estat«
shall be willed to charity if the testatoi
' have i: direct X: heirs. The reepa.1 pro
posed by this bill , relates only to gifts
to the fnnds provided for by; It, bui
In j that relation is specific «nd author.
lzes the gift of a whole estate. -
*• County supervisors are charged wltt
the duty of aoceptlng such gifts. Th«
state l board ; of charities and . correc
tions Is directed * to prosecute a cam
paign I for gifts..; Newspaper* ;are : au
thorized to collect funds, and . foi
amounts * in excess of $5,000 ' to desig
nate the particular use. to which the3
shall ! r be put by ; the administrators ' ol
the funds. The same authorization it
8riven to * school boards.
- Donors ; may direct that their grift a
If ; in excess of $5,000, shall be> mad*
trust funds. Gifts of smaller amount!
in - the discretion of the trustee!
may * be * put - into > the general fund and .
. the principals expended.
The office of state agent of the chil
dren's relief « fund ~, is created. The sal
ary is fixed at $3,000 a year and at
annual - expense ' limit of $5,000 pre
scribed. .
, The funds are to be disbursed for th«
benefit of "destitutes, dependent sand
beneficiaries" : under the age of 21 years
-A 1 destitute person Is one who ha(
been adjudged " dependent or one undei
21 years of age whose mother or father
husband or other person charged * bj
law with his or •. her ; support . shall be
unable or unwilling to provide in whole
or in .; part for the proper maintenance .
and education of such person, or - •' -.-r
Who' by - reason of the restrictions o)
the child labor law ; Is unable with • th«
assistance of , such '■ persons i to provide
for his j maintenance and ;' education. .... .
A beneficiary is any person entitled'
under the terms of wills or donations tc
participate in ' the funds, or " V
Those over the iage of 12 and undei
the age of 15 years whose parents, rela- '.
tives or other persons ,^ charged by law
with their support can not keep then '
in school without assistance, or -.■.:-. " k
' : Those children - under 15 years of ag« .
who have no property and no on«
chargeable In law with their support
* Applications for relief from the sev
eral funds may be made to the trustees
or the superior court. "i In either event
orders for • relief; must ; be t issued- or ap
proved by the superior court. . . -
If ? the application be made to th<
court j the | trustees ; must be > cited to ap
pear and they may show cause why th«
relief should not be granted. *
.- i If the application be granted the max
imum relief is fixed at $11 a month, ex
cept that in cases of urgent or unusual
need the • maximum may be supple
mented from '[■ any funds speciflcallj
available for 1 such purposes. .,:.-
The state scholarship fund is declared
as intended to aid poor - and \worths
graduates of high schools who desire
to take university course at ; the Uni
versity of California. _ Leland ; Stanford
or any other university in the state.
From that ' fund the court may ordei
allowances ; of ;■ not more than $20 a
month during the school, year or period
of actual attendance. .■ These allowance*
if S they ; are I made : from . funds secured
through private benefaction shall b«
made * in the nature of a loan, to be
repaid to the state/ without interest
within 10 years after the graduation
of the beneficiary. ' - *
Queries Answered
FIRST NOVEL—Curioas, Mar/srlll*. The flrsi
norel published In San Francisco *m "Eventful
Nlgbts," a serial- of the spiritualistic order, wrlb \fc*
ten by F. C. Ewer, and printed 1854-5 la th«
Ptoneer Magailne, of which the author was th«
editor. It was subsequently Issued In book forn
and bad a tremendous sale. The first novd
written by a women In San Francisco wu "Th<
Victims of Fate," by Rowena Grancie, an actresi
of the early days, and printed by B. F. Sterett
In 1857, with a notice on the title page that 12
was the "first San Francisco novel." Had hi
added the words "by a woman," he woold ban
been correct. Mr. Ewer's novel antedate* Rowent
Grancie's production.
* * #
ICELAND—A. and 8.. City. This departmen
has repeatedly announced that It will not decldi
bets, and for that reason suggests that you g<
to the reference room of the public library li
Hayes street at Franklin and there consult th»
gazetteers, atlases and geographies as to "i
difference about Iceland and Greenland which t
is agreed to leave to The Call's Query Depart
ment for decision."
* * *
Clay street cable road in San Francisco, the first
paseeDger cable street railway in the world. >le
signed by Andrew S. Hallldie. was completed ii
the letter part of July. 1573. The trial trip
with Hallldie at the grip bar, was made on tb«
morning of August 1.
* * tt
TREATY—A. S., City. The Clayton-Bulwi
treaty simply pledged the contracting govern
ments represented by Sir Henry Bulwer an<:
Secretary of State John 1C Clayton, to respect
the neutrality laws of the then contemplate*. ,
ship canal —in the early fifties —through Cea
tral America.
* * *
CEMENT WALL —A. S., City. How manj
loads of rock and sand and barrels of cement I'
will take to build a wall 27 feet long, 6 fee
high and 1 foot thick depends on the proportim
of each material it is desired to use in

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