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The San Francisco call. (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 14, 1913, Image 2

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Opposing Forces Devastate Streets in Heart of Mexican Capital With Shrapnel and bullets
Battle Wages AH Day Long and Only Ceases
When Darkness Settles Over City
the buildings in this section of the city. J
The American club was riddled.
The interior of the second and third j
floors was completely wrecked.
-Of 40 Americans within at the time |
several had almost miraculous escapes j
from death.
Seven shells tore through the walls. !
The first two crashed through the
reading room on the front of the sec
ond story. The others entered above j
the second story on the sides.
In addition to the shell fire, the in- ?
terior as well as the exterior of the ;
American club was perforated In j
scores of places by bullets from rifles j
and machine guns.
The shells which entered the read-j
ing room tore their way through the j
Stone window casings, demolished a j
heavy leather chair and exploded with j
a terrific force.
Shrapnel was hurled in all directions, j
cutting the furniture to ribbons, rip
ping the floors and walls and punc
turing in a score of places the por
traits which were about the room.
The portrait most seriously dam
aged was that of President Madero.
President McKinley's face is now set
In a circle of bullet holes, while the
portrait of President Taft. hanging
next, escaped with a single mark.
President elect Wilson's features
were riddled, while at the other end of
the line of portraits balls found lodg
ment Id plenty in the picture of Jef
To tho rear of this room is a large
one used for billiards and pool. There
many Americans were gathered, as the
manager had forbidden the members
to assemble in the front room, when a
second series of shells crashed through
the walls , . These tore a way through
the story above.
Some of these shell entered almost
on a line with the floor. From the
lire which followed the greatest dam
age resulted.
All but one shell exploded.
This remains buried in the third
wall which it encountered.
Portions of shrapnel shell were
hurled through the floor above the
billiard rooms among a group of Amer
icans there.
Four sleeping rooms on the fourih
floor were wrecked.
From one the entire wall was torn
The wrecking of this building is
typical of the damage done many
others in all parts of the city.
Just around the corner from the
American club, near Porter's hotel, R.
1C Meredith of Troy was wounded to
He was struck by shrapnel, suffering
a scalp wound.
Madero's promise that the subjuga
tion of Diaz would be swift and ter
rible today because the government had
plnnned to surround him completely and
then pound his positions with their
heaviest guns was in no way fulfilled.
Only at times wae -the bombardment
of today as heavy as' tn* , average of
yesterday, and.the heaviest fire was
from the rpbpi gnns.
The federal firo peneraliy was slow,
although it w&s persistent.
The rebel commander's orders to his
men were to conserve their fire, and
little ammunition was wasted. No op
oortunjty was lost, however, to throw
shells at the troublesome batteries, and
his machine guns, and riflemen effec
tually prevented the rear approach of
the governmpiit troops.
Hi* greatest energies were displayed
In tho line of fire toward the palace,
his big guns scarred the walls
and doors of that ancient structure and
the big square in front of the
federal reserves.
The hattie lasted all day, broken oniy j
at brief intervals. * |
In the last hour of the evening's j
activities, a detachment of federals at-j
tempted a charge down the streets !
toward thp arsenal, occupied "by the!
rebels. The federals were repulsed i
with heavy loss.
The city's streets were deserted soon
after the cessation of hostilities in the '
early evening and up to midnight there j
had been no resumption of the war- j
fare. i
(SpecUl Dispatch to The Call)
CITY OF MEXICO, Feb. 13.—After
another day of bloodshed and slaugh
ter, the deadlock between Madero and
the federals on the one hand and Diaz
and the rebels on the other seems no
nearer an end than it was Monday.
The central part of the city and
?=ome of the great historic national
buildings have been battered under
fierce artillery fire.
Hundreds of Mexicans, soldiers and
noucombatants have been kilk-d and
wounded, as well as many foreigners.
And the situation is as it was last
Diaz doggedly holds the citadel,
sweeping away the advances of the
federals with ehrapnel and machine
guns and hammer'nj at the national
palace and other federal strongholds
■with his heavy artillery.
Within a few hundred feet of the
American embassy federal ruraiee and
rebel sharp shooters fought half an
hour for the possession of a battery of
10 guns posted at Plaza de la Reforma
near the National railway station.
This was the nearest the day's fight
ing approached either embassy or the
American colony. While it lasted bul
lets by the hundred pattered against
the walls of almost every house within
a radius of half a dozen squares o? the
embassy. The embassy itself wa.«
■track several times, but without
Notwithstanding the promise made by
both federals and rebels yesterday that
no more long range artillery fire would
be permitted, the federals during the
night reinforced the four guns that
had been stationed yesterday midway
between the 'National station and the
British legation with six others, and at
8 o'clock opened up.
The guns , were well servrj by tens,
and as fast as the lenyards could be
pulled report followed report until after
The iiring from thie battery was In
cessant, apparently it had little effect
so far as disabling any of the garri-
Pon of the Ciudadela. Thie was due to
the use of shrapnel instead of solid
Standing at Calle Londres and Ge
neva, two squares from the embassy,
the .shells could be seen bursting over
the Ciudadela.
After the first few shots the federals
depressed the muzzles of the pieces too
much, with the result that dozens of
shells crashed through the walls of
handsome residences a short distance
from the Gore court apartment house,
which wa*> struck several times yester
day, forcing , the American tenants to
Afterward the federal gunners got
the range, and while the battery re
the range better, and while the battery
-emained at work almost every ?>hell
exploded squarely over the Ciudadola
hour when between 50 and 100 Felicis
tas suddenly appeared in Calle Ham
burgo, half a dozen scjuares from the
battery, climbed upon the roofs and i
begaa to try to snipe the federal gun- j
i ners. Their aim was poor and the bat- j
tery crashed on, undisturbed.
The battery commander sent a mes- J
! senger to the captain of a force of 200
i rurales who were among the soldiers
detailed to patrol all the roads leading
out of the city in expectation that Diaz
might make an attempt to escape if
things grew too hot for him in the Ciu
dadela. The rurales, 150 strong, came
down the pazo from Chapultepec, de
ployed in open order, halted to the |
; right of the pazo in the open fields on j
a line with Calle Geneva, which leads j
directly to the embassy and opened fire, j
The Felicistas stood their ground j
well, but the rurales were bette# marks- j
From the front of the embassy bul
lets could be heard whizzing in all
directions and the progress of the fight
was watched until it got too warm for
the Felicistas. who gave it up and scat
tered in the direction of Ciudadela.
Trumpets blew and the commander
of the rurales got his men together be
hind a high wall a square north of the
embassy. Several were wounded, but
none seriously.
They halted while Americans living |
nearby sent servants out to them with j
water and food. When rested they
marched past the embassy.
The captain talked to Ambassador
Wilson, told him what had happened
and that he had been sent to inter
cept Diaz in case of flight.
No shells landed in the direction of
the American colony during the worst
.of the bombardment in the forenoon.
When the bombardment ceased and
ft was safe to venture from the build
ing a hundred evidences of the result
of the fire were seen. It was impos
sible to cross from the cable office to
Porter's hotel without treading upon
the debris on the littered pavements.
Half a dozen copings were knocked
off, windows shattered and big and
: little holes pierced in the walls. Scarce
ly a building escaped, but when it was
all over the federal gunners at Victoria
were still plugging away and the reb
els had gained nothing.
Just b.efore the bombardment 50 or
so federal infantrymen in support of
the guns at Victoria suddenly began
to fire as rapidly as they could pull
triggers upon Victoria, in the direc
tion "of the arsenal.. They were still
firing when shrapnel began to fly. The
j watchers retreated Inside th<e cable |
office. It is evident the rebels essayed '
some eort of advance under cover of
heavy fire from the Ciudadela, but were J
evidently unsuccessful.
When your correspondent took ad
vantage of a lull in the fire to get
from the American colony to the cen
ter of the city, his automobile found |
the passage of all direct routes barred j
by troops. A long detour through the i
outskirts out of the zone of the fire, |
br.ought him to the cable office. There
cables were filed for the ambassador.
Many Americans are anxious to no
tify friends In the homeland of their
Two squares from the cable office, at
San Juan de Letran and Calle Victoria, j
two federal guns were banging away j
fn the direction of the Ciudadela as ,
J steady as clockwork. Several machine |
\ guns on nearby roofs were sputtering.
I while the federals, behind the heavy i
i parapets of old Mexican houses were i
j doing a lot of rifle firing which seemed
f largely ineffective.
Up to tin's time the defenders of the
I arsenal had paid little attention to the i
fire from this direction, save to send an j
occasional shell in the direction of the
palace, most of them falling short, but j
lat 1 o'clock they suddenly woke up and j
I for 10 minutes fairly tilled the air with '
Whether by accident or by designs j
they had the accurate range of two '
squares between San Juan de Letran, '
Calle Victoria, Calle Gante and Diaz y '
Seis de Septiembre. in which are the i
cable office, the American club. Hotel \
Jardin and many American business ;
houses. At least 10 shells landed in the !
J buildings adjoining the cable office, al- ■
! though the latter building was practi
cally unhurt.
The street was clouded with great j
columns of dust. Only the door of
the office was open. It was hastily
closed and almost every one inside
retreated to the rear of the building.
The Mexican operators, although the j
building was wrecking and trembling;
j with the concussions, while the din j
of the flying missiles played a deafen- j
Ing tattoo on the steel shutters, stayed
on their instruments and never
stopped receiving or sending.
The menace of the entry of the
Zapatista rebels to aid Diaz is no more [
ominous today than before. It can be '
depended upon almost to a certainty]
I that if the Zapatistas can pluck up
j courage to come into the city they will
either ro for Madero or operate inde
l pendently. Less alarm or apprehen- I
; sion is manifest today among the
j throngs of Americans who flocked
j about the embassy, waiting for news
and discussing the situation.
The seething panic which the inex- I
disable tactics of the combatants yea- ]
terday engendered passed away for the I
most part. The quarters provided for j
all the refuges is far from the danger
In the section of the colony nearest
j the Ciudadela and from the suburbs ,
scores of American families who were
advised to quit the residences which I
; Were thought to be in danger of shells
and yo to San AngrH, Mixcoax, Tacu
buya. Coyoacan and other towns skirt-
Ing the capital have refused to abandon
j their homes.
Thousands of persons, foreigners as
well as Mexicans, continue to manifest
almost suicidal curiosity as to what
is going on in the center of the city.
Even when the fire ha* been hardest
j the streets near the Ciudadela as half
j a dozen squares have been alive with
I all classes of Mexicans, besides foreign
The crash of shell exploding overhead
or nearby send them scurrying to the
shelter of the house walls, but two
minutes of quiet will bring them into
the open again, seeking for bullets, bite
of shell casing, etc., as souvenirs. Sev
eral retail shops conducted by Ameri
cans have been Open every day this
One American with a lone woman
eierk, also American, persisted in hold
ing the fort today In a dru« store in
the Hotel Jardin building, all through
the furious bombardment which ■ as
sailed this quarter of th© city shortly
after noon. Among the prisoners in
Be'em prison who were turned loose
yesterday was George I. Ham, presi
dent of the defunct United States bank
which collapsed two years ago with a
loss of several million dollars to de
positors. Ham has been held in Belem
awaiting action of the courts on
charges of misappropriating funds. (
The prospects now are for another
comparatively quiet night.
EL. PASO, Feb. 13.—The riots in Chi
huahua City were caused by an at
tempt of rebels to liberate prisoners
in the state penitentiary, say Ameri
can refugees who arrived here this
morning: on a belated passenger train.
They reported that a truce had been
made between General Antonio Rabago,
the federal commander of the northern
military zone, and Marcello Carraveo,
a rebel general.
The rebels were permitted to ramp
within five miles of the city, and Tues
day they attempted to open the prison.
Federal troops prevented the at
tempt without bloodshed.
A riot followed.
It is said that the Mexico City sit
uation had occasioned the best feeling
between the rebels and government
troops, but that General Rabago in
sisted that opening the state prison
was going, too far. -Quiet had been re
stored Wednesday morning when the
train departed, only to encounter two
burned bridges below Juarez. These
were repaired, but all telegraph lines
to the state capital remain cut.
The refugees reported that the fed
eral troops were expected to welcome
the Diaz revolt in event of Madero's
defeat, and would be joined by the
An only pro-Madero sympathy seems
to exist among the volunteers, or irreg
ular troops, many of whom fougiit as
insurrectos in the Madero revolution.
These, however, are in the minority.
This same condition appears to ex
ist in Juarez and in other parts of
the state.
SAX ANTONIO, Feb. 13.—Emillo Vas
quez Gomez, once proclaimed pro
visional president of Mexico, which
title he held for a week until ordered
deposed by Orozco, is encamped on the
United States side of the Rio Grande
near El Paso, awaiting an "invitation"
to cross the border, according to ad
vices received here today.
The revolutionary junta in San An
tonio, however, declares Gomez is not
to be "invited" back to Mexico. He is
under bond to appear at the April
term of the United States district court
to answer to an indictment charging
neutrality violation.
Another dispatch says that David de
la Fuente. who has taken a prominent
part in the leadership of the revolu
tionists of nortehrn Mexico, now is at
tempting to form a junction with
Felix Diaz.
Mexican Consul Lozano of Laredo
informed Consul General Manuel A.
Esteva here today that more than
5.000 Japanese and several hundred
Germans have crossed from the United
States into Mexico within the last j
Among the passengers who arrived
here yesterday on the liner Peru were ,
a number from Mexico.
They were eager for news of the j
situation in Mexico City and all seemed j
to be satisfied that intervention was the
inevitable and only cure for the polit
ical collywobbles from which the
southern republic has suffered since
Madero took office.
August Gunter. a German planter, a i
passenger with his wife on the Peru,
left Mexico City six weeks ago. Kven
then, he said, the capital was in more
or less of a turmoil and the approach
of the present crisis plainly was indi
•'There is nobody in Mexico," he
said, "capable of bringing order out
of the chaos, which has been getting
worse every day. America, by virtue
of the Monroe doctrine, morally is re
sponsible for the maintenance in Mex
ico of a government capable of pro
tecting foreign residents, their rights
and their lives. The only way the
United States can fulfill its obligation
is to go down there and take charge,
and the sooner the better."
The passengers from Mexico included
Mrs. N. K. W. Thomatlc, wife of an
I Australian cotton expert in the employ
iof the Mexican government and sta
tioned in Tapanatepec. She was accom
panied by her three daughters—Miss
B. R. V. Thomatic, Miss D. O. V. J.
Thomatic and Miss E. E. F. Thomatic.
j The trouble In Mexico had not reached
Tapanatepec but her husband, who
stayed behind, thought it best, she said,
to have his wife and daughters in the
j United States.
All but one member of the Thomatic
i family has three given names. The
second daughter h*s four. Her full
I name as she has it on her visiting cards
iis Miss Bioni Olympia Victoria Jubilee
I Thomatic.
LAREDO, Tex., Feb. 13. —The where
abouts of the northbound passenger
train from Mexico City, which left there
Tuesday night, still is unre*>orted, and
To Visit San Francisco
Without seeing A. Andrews' Diamond
Palace would be like visiting Europe
without seeing: Paris. It is the most
magninicent jewelry store in the world.
Visitors welcome, 50 Kearny street.
Op*n Ba. m. to 5:30 p. in. Established
For Infante and Children.
The Kind You Hate Always Bought
®«n»tur« of &*&tfM£Zijii
Rebels Threaten Juarez
Force Awaiting Orders
EL PASO, Tex., Feb. 13.—With
the HOO rebel* under General (ar
aveo permitted to enter 4'hlbun
hun city, General Inea Salnxar,
with his rebel army ot nearly
1.800 men, vrhlcb recentl> threat
ened Juarez, was -watting today
within 50 miles of that border
town. Although It is believed that
federals and revolutionists won Id
meet na friends at Juarez, aa they
did at the state capital, member*)
of the local rebel junta declared
tonight that Salazar will not
move closer to Juarez, lest tronble
he canae. Colonel David de la
Fuente is with Salazar as chief
of staff. NothiaK Has been heard
here from Kmilto Vasquen Gomez
•Luce his release »t San Antonio.
there is apprehension for the safety of
its passengers.
An urtsuccessful attack was made
on the southbound Mexican National
line's passenger train which left here
A passenger from Mexico City on last
night's train reported that at least
1,000 Americans were without funds
to leave the capital, even if the oppor
tunity presented, because the banks
had been closed since Saturday.
A large number of Americans were
at the railroad station, he said, eagerly
seeking to take the northbound train,
but checks were refused as payment
for tickets.
Many Americans, the passenger be
lieved, practically were marooned at
the station without food, shelter or
money. He said railroad officials were
doing everything they could to. afford
shelter to tho women and children.
Numerous passengers arriving from
Mexico City assert that the American
officials in Mexico should provide spe
cial trains on which Americans could
Passengers from .Saltillo said today
that one freight train was entirely de
stroyed by IJre and that the fate of
another freight was in doubt, since it
was rumored it was attacked.
The southbound passenger train
which left Laredo Tuesday night at 9
o'clock proceeded in safety until about
518 miles south of this city, at El
Salado, where it was attacked by a
band of 50 to 100 rebels.
As the train was entering the station
the engineer was fired upon.
Realizing the danger, he reversed
the lever and backed full speed toward
Saltillo, pursued by the rebels on
horseback. The speed of the mounted
band was not sufficient to overtake the
Candidates In Feld Hot l> to Standard
la Judgment of Objecting
iSp«K-!al PispafCh to Tte Cell)
FRESNO, Feb. 13.—Believing that
candidates in the field are not alto
gether suitable, a number of voters are
preparing to put a complete ticket in
the field, nsfilrins* candidates for the
board of trustljsjj 4nd for mayor.
Leaders asserted today they did not
believe the personnel of the candidates
thus far indicated that a good board
could be secured.
A meeting will be held tomorrow
night when the matter will be taken
tip and the reorganization of the old
Good Government league will be con
sidered. This league was in existence
four years ago.
Those who are advocating the nomi
nation of a good ticket assert that the
saloon question will not enter the mat
ter, but candidates will be considered
on thejr merits.
Lies not in the ownership of the
indifferently good instrument, but
in the satisfaction derived from
the perfedt rendition of good
music through -an instrument
which is perfect in its mechan
ism and control.
Our stock of player pianos is selected for its musical qualities, the
only idea being to furnish our customers with the most perfect instru
ment at its price that American manufacturers produce. Player Pianos
$485 upward; easy payments. Your old piano taken in exchange.
135-153 Kearny and 217-225 Sutter Street
OTHER STORES—Lβ* Angeles, Sacramento. San Jose, San Diesel
Phoenix, Ariieui Bcao, Nevada; Portland. Oregon.
Rioting in Chihuahua Starts When Rebels
Try to Liberate Desperate Prisoners
train. The passengers were endan
gered "by rebel gun fire.
Aboard the train was a party of 50
Welshmen en route to Necaxa, a point
beyond the City of Mexico, to take em
ployment with a light and power com
Today's pasenger list from the City
of Mexico included Bishop Hendrix of
the Methodist Episcopal church (South)
of Kansas City. He was a passenger
on the southbound train which was at
tacked by rebels and returned north.
Bishop Hendrix said that the where
abouts of the northbound train from
the City of Mexico was not known at
the time of the attack at El Salado.
Bishop Hendrix said the rebel band
appeared to bear a special grudge
against the National railroad and im
mediately after robbing the cars of
everything useful burned the rolling
stock and undesirable freight.
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 13.—Mrs. Green
field, mother of Harry Greenfield, an
employe of the Mexican Light and
Power company, a Canadian corpor
ation, was killed by a shell In Vic
toria street during today's fighting,
it is learned. This makes three women
among the foreign victims of the bat
Depresses Stock Market
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. —The Mexican
situation was a depressing influence
over todays stock market. Financial
interests with Mexican connections
were without definite news from that
country, save for brief advices, most
of which arrived by devious routes.
Two of the largest banking houses
have had no word from their Mexican
representatives since the recent trouble
began. The local offices of the Na
tional Railways of Mexico received an
overnight cable to the effect that the
company's property in and around Mex
ico City had suffered no material dam
age, but that no- word had been re
ceived from the interior.
The Mutual Life Insurance company
is still without word from its manager
in Mexico. "Unless we know where
we stand," said Charles A. Peabody,
president of the company, "we can
•make no representations to Washing
ton. Some reports state. that our
building in Mexico City has been al
Alleged Slayer of George E. Marsh to
Be Put on Trial After Eleven
Months In Salem Jatl
SALEM, Mass., Feb. 13.—Charged
with the murder, by shooting, of
George E. Marsh, an aged Lynn man,
April 11, 1912, William A. Dorr of
Stockton, Cal., pleaded not guilty in
the Essex county superior court to
day. He will be put on trial next
Dorr has been in jail 11 months
awaiting trial. He was arrested in
California two weeks after the body
of Marsh, who was a wealthy soap
manufacturer, had been found near the
state highway between Lynn and Re
Dorr was a nephew of a relative of
Marsh and the state alleges , that he
hoped to profit by the'distribution of
the aged millionaire's property.
most entirely destroyed. That is prob
ably an exaggeration."
Editor and Family Barricaded
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 13.—Mrs. J.
K. Hudson of this city received a tele
gram today from her son, Paul Hud
son, editor of the Mexican Herald,
which is printed in English in the
City of Mexico, saying that Mr. Hud
son, his wife and two children were
barricaded in the Herald office near
the site of the ruined American con
sulate building. The bombardment
had continued two days, Mr. Hudson
said, and the end was not in sight.
All foreigners, the message state, had
laid in a store of ammunition and
provisions sufficient for their present
Loyal Troops Are Deserting
SAN DIEGO, Feb. 13. —Desertions of
Mexican troops from the garrison at
Tecate, Lower California. 25 miles
southeast of San Diego, are reported
today. The number could not be
learned, but it was said the deserters
left their arms and ammunition and
are believed to have crossed the line.
The men belong to the battalion sent
to Lower California a year or more
ago to prevent invasion by filibusters.
Cross Societies Not Respected
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13.—The White
Cross society reports it is caring for
We Lose Money
You Make the Profit
Men's and Youths'
Overcoats, Raincoats
and Cravenettes
At Factory Cost and Even Less
2,200 Coats in a Panic of Prices Must Go in 14 Days
to Make Room for Women's Spring Suits and Coats.
Ag| f|£ For Raincoats Worth $5 to $7.50
*r I **"" There are over 400 garments in this lot. Every
I conceivable style. All dandy values.
Buy now and save fully 60c on the dollar. Never
such a bargain event!
HI m |»ft For Men's and Youths ,
Q/l iUU Cravenettes and English Slipon Raincoats
B None of these has ever sold for less than $10,
some as high as $12.50.
Coats of quality in material and workmanship,
that can be worn rain or shine the whole year
I|H |Tf| Cravenetted Overcoats to Use for All Occasions
V m ■"" Stylish, rainproof and the best for wearing all
■ the year. Over 2,000, in all the late styles; actu
ally worth $20 and §25.
They can not be shown in our limited window
space. But inside there are coats of every descrip
tion—over 200 styles.
MA r A Finest quality English Gabardines and
V β-ull Priestly Cravenettes
■ As well as Fur Coats, Leather and Fancy
Mixed Cravenette Overcoats; positively
worth $30 to $40.
758 Market St. - PHELAN BLDG. ■ 33 O'Farrell St.
Open Saturday Evenings till 10 o'clock
IT SATISFIES millions of people
—Worth your while to test it
Sustains and Cheers
approximately 1,200 wounded in Mex
ico City. The Red Cross has not yet
made a report. Neither organization <a
being respected by the federal forces.
The president of the latter has been
killed. Seme members of the Whit*
Cross detected by Diaz's adherents in
the act of conveying ammunition were
Victim Was Texas Woman
NORFOLK, Vn., Feb. 13.—Mrs? W. W.
Holmes, one of the two American
women killed during the battle in
Mexico City yesterday, was the wife
of Henry W. Holmes, formerly of Iver,
Southampton county, Va., and formerly
a Miss Strickland of San Antonio,
Arkansas Strikes In ( üban Waters, hat
Mips Off Obstruction ntnl Anchors
CAIMANERA. Cuba, Feb. 13. — The
United States battleship Arkansas ran
on a coral reef 400 yards west of Ceiha
reef at 6 o'clock this morning. Later
the warship slipped off and anchored.
Water entered some of her compart
Johnny-on-the-spot Multigraph serv
ice. Addressing, etc. Ramsey Oppen
helm Co.. 112 Kearny st. Tel. Sutter

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