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The Call "AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER- THE NEWSPAPER OF FOTTHDED DECEMBER 1. l>B6. W. W. CHAPIN. Publisher^ MEDIEVALISM IN MEXICO Modern Mexico makes history for itself almost on the medieval plan. Twenty months ago Francisco Madero, the head of a great and widespread revolt in arms against Porfirio Diaz, entered the capital and was hailed as the "savior of Mexko." Sixteen months ago he was chosen president of the republic by popular election amounting to something close to acclamation. 'Today he is deposed, a prisoner, his life hanging in no stable balance, his brother "executed," his ministers paroled. Thus -nds the ten days' "war." Two thousand, it is estimated have been killed and 10,000 wounded. And what next? The coup d'etat whereby Madero's cnlef military aide has made himself provisional governor general—that is. dictator—of Mexico is a polite term for cold treachery, whatever its pur pose. Nutria's seizure of Madero's brother, his dinner host, was as pretty a piece of bad faith and savagery as was ever recorded; after such treat ment it could not have surprised the victim greatly to be ordered out the next day for "execution." Possibly Felix Diaz had nothing to do with the coup d'etat; the successful plotters say so. At any rate, the result falls nicely into his hands. Huerta, having replaced the consti tutional government by the rule of the rifle, announces that there will L? an election. He is in a position to keep that promise, also to prescribe the method of the election and guarantee the result, just as Porfirio Diaz used to do. Assuming that Madero gets out of this situation alive, it is likely that he will be glad to escape into exile. It is more than likely, too, that Felix Diaz, leader of the movement that overthrew him, will be the first choice of the plotting generals for the presi dency—that is, unless Huerta should seek to confirm himself as ruler by force and arms. He could do that— for a time. In the situation of the moment there is no assurance of peace for Mexico nor of safety for foreigners. Any ambitious soldier under Htterta may emulate him at any moment. Should Diaz come "to the presidency, by no matter what sort of election, he will have to deal with a country sorely distressed and harassed Orozco in the north and Zapata in the south he must either placate or crush. Except for the fact that the actual warfare of the last few days has ceased, the conditions are not less critical for Americans and other foreigners. Washington does well to go ahead with its provisional plans for the relief of those who can look nowhere else for protection. It will do still oetter if it takes advantage of the lull in the etorm and hastens to get all Americans and Europeans out of danger. Claims for damages to their property can be pressed and col lected hereafter. The important thing now is to save their lives and to remove the necessity for invasion. GOFFS GOOD WORK When a policeman—chief, captain or patrolman—falls into temptation or seeks and finds graft, there is always a popular clamor to down him. That clamor is right. PoliceVnen are under a greater strain of temptation than men in any other activity, but those who fall should be punished, for their efficiency is vested in their honor. On the other hand, when a police man keeps his shield bright through temptation and under unusual pressure there ought to be public recognition for him. Police Corporal Charles Goff has been in charge of the Chinatown :-quad for three and a half or four month?, and has been so effective In cleaning up the gamblers that asso ciations have been formed to undo him. Finding that the established methods of dealing with the policemen have failed, the gamblers have re ported to the new expedient of suing him personally for damages. But goff has kept at his work. The Call respectfully asks the chief of police and the commissioners if such services are not worthy of reward by promotion. It ought to be Sergeant Goff, not corporal. OUR CHANCE IN ALASKA From Tanana, Alaska, a citizen of repute and standing sends The Ci 1 l a Miggestio.i that might be of direct «md practical value to San Francisco in its campaign for Alaskan trade: The letter reads: Kditor Call: I note that you advo cate closer relations with Alaska. I .am afraid that San Francisco mer chants have waited too long; Seattle lias got the cream, and until we get better mall service and a branch of some trustworthy bank like the Cana dian banks In Dawson you will get only the skim milk. Interior Alaska is more than anx'oue to give her trade to San Francisco, Viecause Seattle has not played fair. This town will in time be tfie distrib uting point for the interior wnen A'aeka comes into her own, locat?d as it Iβ at the mouth of the Tanana river, on the Yukon, 900 mUes from the mouth or St. Michaels. If one of the large San Francisc© banks would establish, an, agency here * or at Fairbanks, 300 miles above her*, on the Tanana river, I think it would pay the San Francisco merchants to guarantee its expenses. The people here have lost faith in the banks hero Pince the Barnett affair. They ah-;o belic-vo that they can not get justice from the powers that be. AT,EX BLACK. Tanana, Alaska, Jan. 2. There is a large and profitable busi ness for any bank that will go into the territory as suggested by Mr. Black, ft" a San Francisco bank or combination of banks should emban: upon such a venture, the certain result would be the establishment of direct trade relations through which both the Alaskan country tributary to the bank and the business interest would both prosper. We commend Mr. Black's idea to the consideration of local banking interests and to that committee of the Chamber of Commerce which is charged with the duty of fostering our Alaskan trade relations. FEBRUARY 20, 1915 Today at Harbor View there are one completed building, one exhibit palace in course of construction and several hundred workmen employed at grading, street work, pipe laying and other preliminary activities. What will the scene be at Harbor View two years from today? On that day, February 20, 1915, the gates of the Panama-Pacific inter national exposition will swing open at Harbor View. Fifty thousand, 100,000, 150,000 people—count them then—will swarm to the exposition where now are a few rough roads and but one finished building. They will go thither chiefly on cars owned and operated by the city of San Fran cisco; they will go, we may assume, through the Fillmore street tunnel, through the Stockton street tunnel, along the interesting road that will run under the bowsprits of the Era barcadero. Bands will play—the finest bands of the world; flags will flutter from thou sands of staffs—the flags of all the world; cannon will sound over the waters of the bay, from the ships of the navies of the world, which will have steamed through the completed Panama canal, escorted in honor by the noblest vessels of the United States navy. The February s-un will gild the splendid buildings glowing in their delicacy of tints. The throngs will assemble in the court of honor. On a platform, before which will have" marched sol diers and sailors of all the world, militiamen from all the states of the union, civic societies, men and women and children singing—on this plat form will stand the president of the United States. He will touch an electric key and the wheels of the exposition will begin to turn, the doors of the exhibit palaces will swing open, the international salute will .reverberate over the bay, echoing back from Tamalpais' green slopes to the Presidio's hills. The Panama-Pacific international exposition will be open to the nations of the world on the spot where now workmen are delving in tht earth and framing the ponderous foundations that will support the magnificent ex hibit palaces. Tt will be a magnificently busy two years at Harbor View. Spring Valley is considering the purchase of the San Mateo county poor farm. The name will be changed before the company sells it to San Francisco. The University of California will no longer celebrate Washington's birth day by a cessation of studies. Well, history tells us that Washington him self worked on Fourth of July and Christmas. The Mexican revolution has just made another revolution. The snake worshiper of New York city is probably some fellow who has made a fortune raising apples and is grateful to the inaugurator of the apple eating fad. "Seed catalogues are beginning to peep coyly out," says the Chicago Daily News, with us the plants are coming up brazenly. Critics of the report that Mr Unter mycr received $15,000 for his services to the Pujo committee mlgrht do well to ascertain how much Mr. Morgan paid his retinue of former Senator Spooner, Joseph Crioate and the other attorneys who went with him to Wash ington to oppose Mr. Untermyer. ABE MARTIN viree"™ mm*, auuui in nign cost ©' Utlb'— ther haint as many folks droppin' dead after a hearty meal. When the pustman rings th , bell these days you don't know whether you're goln' t* git a nice long letter from an old friend er a sack full o* parsnips from a relative. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 20, 191?.. FERRY TALES I HEARD the other day that Charles H. Markham, president of the Illinois Central railroad, was coming to this coast on a visit. While he is here the commuter brigade should give a banquet in his honor, because, whether they know it or not, it is to him they owe the first real recognition ever given to the theory that the comfort of com muters Is entitled to consideration by 1 the company that collects the fares. The S. P. transbay ferry system has no equal today in the world. Throwing bouquets Is pleasant occupation In the early springtime and the contempla tion of domestic institutions in which we can take real pride is more Inspiring than wishing for things we have not. The ferry boats are well built and com fortably arranged, the cars on connect ing lines are the best the builders know how to put together and as long as you don't have to patronize the waiting rooms at Oakland mole you can take delight in the other elements that make up the service. It was not always thus. One doesn't have to be the oldest commuter to re member the day when, during the morn ing and afternoon rush, standing room that allowed space for the expansion of the lungs was as greatly prized as a seat in a streetcar, and as hard to get. Charles H. Markham in those days was an official of the S. P. and like all the others at that time was credited with being deaf and blind when it came to considering commuter appeals for more boats and bigger ones. Then, one day, he crossed the bay to keep a dinner engagement in Alameda county. It was th« rush hour. As the boat pulled out of the slip he found himself jammed against a stanchion. A restless old gentleman, weighing about 200 pounds, was standing on his feet. The sholders of a short and angu lar individual pressed the floating ribs on his starboard side far into the ab dominal cavity. The back of his head was against the iron stanchion, firmly held there by the back of a very tall man, which was pressed with ruthless disregard for his features, against his face. He couldn't even wiggle. Neither could anybody else in the vicinity. "This is awful!" he gasped. "You're right, it is,' , grunted a fellow sufferer who was struggling violently in an effort to dislodge an elbow that was pressed against his windpipe. "I only wish we could gft an S. P. official in here some night. We'd run him up against one of those posts and we'd show him." Then the improvement in the S. P. service began and it has been going: on ever since. "Which shows that an elbow is some times more effective than a petition. Public service corporation?:, however, are no longer as deaf and blind as they used to be. The Vanderbilt declara tion of Independence is no longer open ly subscribed to. As the up to date employer realizes that his best asset is the goodwill of his employes, so have the big corporations awakened to the worth of popular approval. Nearly every big public service cor poration is now conducting with more or less skill a campaign of what they are pleased to call "education." The People's TVater company uses Its monthly statement as a medium for training the mind of the Alameda county voter. In addition to supply- Ing its customers with Adam's ale this corporation gives them a correspond ence coirrse in civio science. On the front oflTach monthly state ment is U short and snappy statement disguised as an axiom. On the back is a little lecture on civic principles. The January lesson has precipitated general discussion among such commuters as, having paid their January bills, have come into possession of the leaflet. The January lecture is of interest on both sides of the bay. Here is what is printed in the left hand cor ner, on the side that tells you what the meter said: "Grabbing a public water supply is not viewed with favor by the federal government. The Hatch Hetchy is still 200 miles and i>o years away. Read the other side. -. Now, Jim Rolph, will you be good? Fifty years away! On the other eide Is an eloquent plea for the farmers of the Modesto district, who, it is euggealed, will need the* Next! VOICE OF THE PEOPLE FROM A SOLDIER'S WIFE Editor Call: Reading the article published in Monday's Issue of The Call about the soldier prisoners on Al catraz island, their desire to redeem the past in offering- to fight in defense of our nation's flag , , surely there is a way to show thn redeeming points in' these men. I believe the nun who has sinned and suffered and still has the courage to acknowledge it to the pub lics wiehes a fighting chance with the rest of humanity. I am a soldier's wife and proud of it. He is a gentle man and a private in the ranks. He does not neglect his family and up holds the honor of his country; he does not neglect his duties to either. Po I decided to say how glad I was to see the article in The Call, and do hope this paper will do all It can to bring this matter before our new president elect and his body of offi cials, that the life of the private in the army is not one of sunshine and roses. There can be many improvements to lighten the burden and make their lives bettrr and brighter. The first stop in tins way would be for our cit izens to respect tho uniform even If the man in it sometlmee falls short of the standard. l|[;s. VTOL.ET I FAR WOOD. 2<i-21 West Cantonment, Presidio. A SPOILED BREAKFAST Call: What has become of the "Ferry Tales," one of the best fea tures of yoifr paper? 'My breakfast didn't taste right this morning. 'A SUBSCRIBER AND COMMUTER, Oakland, February 18. G. A. R. TALKS l> SCHOOLS Editor Call: Having spent more than a third of a century as principal or teachers of the schools of Illinois, Ore gon and California, and having been a post commander, post patriotic in structor and post chaplain of the G. A. R., ho assumes that he ought to be in position to speak somewhat ex cathe dra to the G. A. R. and the public schools. He has heard in San Fran cisco, Los Angeles, San Jose and other places many addresses by comrades that were eloquent, stirring and inspiring, but, per contra, he does deplore the fact that he has been compelled to listen for hours to the veriest rot that has been inflicted upon the poor, helpless, long suffering children, youth and oth ers by G. A. R. speakers. "Would It not be well for commanders of G. A. R. posts to appoint as visitors to the public schools and. patriotic oc casions only those who can hold and instruct our children , and youth of our schools, and let the others "forever hold their peace?" Teach nothing rather than to teach gross errors. S. T. ADAMS. San Jose, Cal., February 15. THE ERRING CLERGYMAN p;ditor Call: It occurs to me that even though a newspaper confines itself strictly to the trutli In the publication of the moral delinquency of a clergyman, no possible sold can result from its exploitation under sen sational headlines, with the added em befnshment of newspaper cuts, while, on the contrary there is every reason to believe that a world of harm is worked In the weakening of that re spect, that reverence that invests, and should invest, that holiest and high est vocation vouchsafed to man. The influence exercised by the average clergyman is essentially benign. He lives a life apart from the common aims and vulgar ambitions of the Hetch Hetchy supply for agricultural purposes. Here is a little extract that is almost worth the price of the water: "Volumes of estimates, digging of test holes, engineers' junkets, cham pagne dinners and beating of tom toms doeSn't give either right or posses sion to the mountains and waterfalls." And this: "Develop your home resources to the maximum before you ask Uncle Sam for a big slice of public property, keep off the reservation until you have set tled your quarrels with your home neighbors, and don't try to use the fed T eral government as a bludgeon on your own citizens, Iβ the essence of a recent federal opinion on the Hetch Hetchy water supply." It takes courage to print stuff like that on * water bill. UNDS AY GAMFBSXtL, world—a life of self-effacement, con secrated to altruistic endeavor and the reclamation of the waste materials of humanity. The militant church ia to day the greatest factor in combating the festering social evils lurking in our midst, and to weaken the influ ence of the pulpit by bringing some delinquent clergyman into public scorn and contempt is to impair the efficiency for moral uplift, even though it be in an imperceptible degree, of thousands upon thousands of ordained ministers whose lives are without blot or blem ish. MRS. EDWARD I. WADE, President Mission District Mothers' Union. San Francisco, Feb. 17. ACCIDENT BOARD FIGURES Editor Call: I copy from the type written document W. Pillsbury refers to the figures he therein gave: "For financing the Insurance carrier we are asking for an appropriation of $100,000 as a surplus to begin with, which is to be added to from year to year witn the addition of a reasonable per cent to the premium, until a fund shall be created sufficient to cover any catastrophe that may happen to the state. "We are asking also for $136,840 to cover the office and field expenses of the fund for two years, while it is de veloping a business. We are asking for the support for the several purposes of the board for two years, $80,990; for the rating bureau, $25,000; for the department of safety. $68,740, and for the continuance of the statistical de partment, $25,560. These in addition to the $100,000 surplus and $136,840 for office and field expenses, make a total of $437,130." These are the figures from W. Pills bury's account of the scope of legisla tion he desires, and this total I pre sent to your readers. EDWARD BURWTCK. Pacific Grove, Cal.. Feb. 17. WHEN TO PLANT Editor Call—A while ago you in vited criticisms on the new policy of The Call, and I wish to give vent to a few words anent your "garden an nual ,, issued last Sunday. This publi cation is evidently designed for dis tribution all over our country. For eastern districts, whose seasons are two or three months later than ours. It may serve its purpose, but if any amateur gardener of California takes it seriously and follows its directions as to the time of planting, he will find there is something wrong with his garden output. In the planting table the time for planting most seeds Is given as May and June. Here in California most of those flowers are blossoming by that time. Now is the time for planting, and if. the amateur wishes to obtain results in his garden he had better get hie seeds in within the next few weeks and not wait until May, when our rainy season is over and the ground is be ginning to dry. ENTHUSIASTIC GABDENER. Berkeley, February 17. PARCEL POST By THE POET PHILOSOPHER The postman's brow Is sad and stern, the postman's eye with anger burns, he prays with doleful sound; his heart is full of woe because he's loaded down like Santa Claus each time he goes his round. What wonder that his spirit's sore? He looks like a department store that has been placed on legs, with orates of turnips and of cheese, and scythes and forks and bumble bees, and packages of eggs. To Jones he brings a crocodile, to Mrs. Jones a new spring tile, to Smith a rocking chair; he carries churns and catalogues and groceries and shepherd dogs—oh. brethren, is it fair? Our postman, who is tired and frail, resembles much an auction sale as he toils up the street three cords of junk upon his back, and you can hear his muscles crack and mark his aching feet. Old Uncle Sam should change the rule and for each postman buy a mule, or else a chug chug cart; it isn't fair to load him down with all the bric-a-brac in town and break hie honest heart. The post man's heart is full of grief as he con veys a side of beef, a pitchfork and a churn, three cuspidors, a phonograph, a sawbuck and a crated calf—his eyes with anger burn. WAI/C MXSO*. Proposed Legislation BILLS NOW UNDER CONSIDERATION IMPARTIALLY ANALYZED BY THE CALL FOR THE PEOPLE'S BENEFIT GEORGE A. VAN SMITH and the relations of labor and capital are the subjects of more pending bills than have been intro duced at any two preceding sessions ;of the legislature. "Workmen's com pensation or employers' liability In an obligatory form to take the place of the existing optional law Is pro vided In a half dozen comprehensive measures. Here are the provisions of one which is *ald by the representa tives of organized lagor to be the most comprehensive bill of Its kind proposed in any American state: WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION. IN SURANCE AND SAFETY: SEN ATE BILL. 905. This bill Is designed to make the liability of all employers for the pre scribed compensations to Injured em ployes obligatory instead of volun tary as under existing law. It car ries an initial appropriation of $412, --130. It provides definite schemes and schedules for compensations. It establishes & state industrial ac cident Insurance fund and puts the state in competition with insurance companies doing an Industrial acci dent indemnity business. It Includes a safety appliance act and gives the administration of the provisions of that act into the hands of the state industrial accident com mission. The obligatory features of the pro posed act are imposed upon the state and all political or governmental sub divisions of the state In their capacity as employers. It provides that the orders of the state Industrial commission shall be subject to review by the district courts of appeal and the supreme court only and limits strictly the grounds upon which such reviews may be had and their scope, if granted. It provides for the retention of the incumbent members of the industrial accident board until the expiration of their respective terms and thereafter for the appointment of industrial acci dent commissioners by the governor with the consent and advice of the senate for terms of four years. The commissioners, three in number, are to be appointed from the state at large. The salary of each commis sioner Is fixed at $3,600 a year. The commission is authorized to ap point all its subordinates and to fix their salaries. All subordinates so appointed are to hold office at the pleasure of the commission. Among the subordinate officials the commis sion is authorized or directed to em ploy are: (a) An attorney. (b) A secretary and assistant sec retaries in its discretion. (c) A manager of the state com pensation insurance fund. The man ager is to supervise and conduct the state's indemnity insurance business and must furnish a bond in the sum of $25,000 before entering upon the discharge of his duties. fd) A superintendent of the depart ment of safety. This official must be a technically trained mechanical en gineer. The scope of the proposed act as re gards liability is fairly disclosed by the definitions of employer and em ploye for the purposes of the act: "Employer" means the state, each county, city and county, city school district and all public corporations and every person, firm, voluntary as sociation and private corporation (In cluding public service corporations) who has any person in service under appointment or contract of hire, oral, written or implied. This definition In cludes the legal representatives of any deceased employer. "Employe" means every person In the service of an employer as pre viously defined. The definition In cludes alien and minors, but excludes all persons whose employment is only casual and not in the usual oourse of business or trade. It also excludes officers and men in the state militia and elective public officers. The bill imposes upon employers liability for the prescribed indemni ties, in lieu of any other liability ■whatsoever. As under the existing law the doctrine of contributory neg ligence is expressly wiped out. The indemnities prescribed J*y the act are made the exclusive remedies for injured employes except in cases where the accidents are the direct suit of the employers' gross personal negligence or willful violation of any law designed for the protection of employes. In such cases the injured employe may elect to accept the pre scribed Indemnities or maintain an action at law for damages. The employer's liability includes medical, surgical and hospital treat ment and things necessarily incident NEWS FROM THE HOTELS R. Fullmer, London banker and representative of a large corporation of English capitalists buy ing up mining and lumber properties in northern California, arrived in San Francisco yesterday for an extended business trip and is at the Palace. Speaking of water power in connection with big industries of this state, Mr. Fellmer said: "I am particularly interested In San Francisco and In the water power concerns of California. At Clear Lake we bare bonght concessions, and It Is probable th*\v will be developed In the near future. Factorit* near the lake are a possibility. San Francisco should draw idle capital from all parts of the world, considering that the financial lights predict great development with the open ing of the canal. Mt father in law, Nicholas Anslyn, was one of the Ipaders in bnlldlng the Sues canal. He always said that tlie Panama canal would never be dug under French super vision. For that reason I am anxious M *M it opened under American government." Jack M. Davis, a former San Pranoiseo man and now the representative of a rubber goods concern in Mexico City, arrived in Sen Francisco yesterday from New York, wbere he has been at tending the automobile show. He is a guest at the Btewart. "Onr offices In Mexico City hare been totally demolished by the heavy ertillery fire of the last week," eaid Mr. DaTis, "and I lost much of my personal effect*, left there when I started for New York January 16. The situation even when I left wii almost Intolerable. Pood was scarce and high, while business of all kinds was prac tically at a standstill. I brought my family to San Francisco some months ago, when I realized that Mexico City would" probably be the center of fierce fighting. 1 thank my lucky stars for my foresight. I will go back there about three weeks from now if tbe bloodshed is over by then." Mr. Davis said he had not actually wit nessed any fighting, but had seen wounded sol diers brought tiito the city. * * * John A. May, wealthy cattle dealer and packer of Kansas City, arrived yesterday with Mrs. May. They will spend some weeks In San Fran cisco Tisittng. They have apartments a* , *.b« St. Francis. Mr. May, who is a recognized authority on all that pertains to the packing Industry, said that packers throughout the country were facing a eeriorue shortage In beeves. "The meat market will be high until relief of some sort Is found." said Mr. May. "The pack era are way behind in their orders and steers are hard to get. The small dealers and growers complain that the beef barons crowd them to the wall, but the 'beef barons' here their trou bles, too. Mexico Is sending some cattle across the border, but not enough to meet the demand. Free duty on beeves would, of course, lower the hlfb prices prcTMlUng now." thereto for a period of not more tha.nl six months after the accident. Disability indemnities are provide* in cases where tho employe is unable to work for- more than two weekr. Such indemnities are to be paid on the regular payday of the employer unless such paydays arc less frequent than twice a month. Temporary -disability indemnity "Is fixed at 65 per cent of the average weekly earning* of the injured em ploye. The aggregate of such benefits or Indemnities shall not exceed the total of the average wage of the in jured person for three years, nor shall the period of temporary disability ex ceed 240 week.". The indemnities for permanent din abilities are worked out on a graduated ecale ranging from 65 per cent of th* weekly wages for a period of 40 weeks for disability graded at 10 per cent total up to compensation for life in cases where the disability is graded as total. The compensation for total per manent disability is 65 per cent of the weekly wages for a period of 240 weeks and thereafter 40 per cent of the weakly wages for life. Indemnities for the death of Injured employes leaving dependents are pre scribed on a sliding scale. That scale is based on the average wage , of the deceased for three years with provision for a minimum total indemnity of $1,000 and a maximum of $5,000. If the deceased employe leaves n<ste dependent, the.death benefit shall con-v sist of the reasonable funeral expenses not to exceed $100 and any other benefit that may be prescribed by law. Payment of the prescribed indem nities upon the order of the commis sion discharges the employer from all claims therefor. In computing the average weekly wage of an employe for the purposes of determining the amount of indem nities the market value of board, lodg ing, etc., if included in his contract of hire, must be Included in the estimate. If the injured employe is a minor, and his disability Is permanent, whether It be total or partial, the computation of average weekly wage must be based on the sum that he probably would be able to earn after attaining the age of 21, and had not suffered the injury In question. The bill creates "the state oompeaaa tlon Insurance fund." but expressly eaves all the rights of employers to buy other insurance and to participate In the organization and benefits of mutual insurance. It places some retaliatory restrictions upon contracts of Indem nity insurance and provides for a state insurance business In competition with* private corporations. The state compensation insurance fund is to be administered by the In dustrial accident commission. The state's liability shall not exceed the amount of the fund. The declared purpose of the fund is to Insure em ployers against liability for accident Indemnity and to insure employee of the benefits of the proposed act. It Is to be a revolvins; fnnd to con sist of money appropriated by the legislature from time to time. Insurance premiums and the proceeds of its In vestment. • The bill provides that after a reason able time for the establishment of a business the fund shall be fairly com petitive with other insurance carriers. It is declared to be the Intent of the legislature that the fund ultimately shall be neither more nor less than self-supporting. M The commission is given the widest discretionary power in the matter of issuing policies and making rates, ex <«pt that in making rates it must do so on a reserve rather than an assess ment Insurance basis. That is to say. that the rates must be made so that the investment of the premiums at 3% per cent will In the long run carry tho risk to maturity and produce a reason able surplus to meet the catastrophe hazard. The bill is designed to give the state fund a monopoly of one considerable branch of tho Indemnity insurance business. Counties, cities, school dis tricts and other public corporations are not required to purchase indemnity in surance, but if they do purchase such insurance it must be from the state fund, and the premiums are made a legal charge against the general fund of any such political subdivision. It is to be understood that the in demnity and insurance provisions of the proposed act cover all forms of employment, including domestic and agricultural labor. The third or safety portion of the proposed act is a complete safety ap pliance act and covers all forms of em ployment except private domestic serv ice or agricultural pursuits which do not involve the use of mechanical power. The bill is designed to become ef fective September 1, 1913. Franz Wegman, for many years a resident of Canton, China, where he is in the wholesale busi ness, is a guest at the St. Francis. 3. F. Cartorl. a Los Angelee banker, la it the St. Francis. The orange crop of southern Oali fornla, said Sir. Sartori, is not as badly damaged as reported. M. F. Tsrpey, a leading bntinew man of Trv no; Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Pfan, the former a prominent electrical engineer of Milwaukee; W. J. Douglas and Mrs. Douglas of Virginia Nev., and George Bradley, a fruit shipper erf ramento, were among yesterday's arrivals at the Palace. W. M. McMillan, an attorney of Eureka: Hearr Wheatley of N'apa, Mr. and Mrs. T. R. Caalck of San Joee and J. Stanley Burgess of Log Qatos were among yesterday's arrivals at the Stewart. Mr. and Mrs. Frank R. Lippett of Petaloma; Frank A. Cressy, manager of the Modesto Light nnd Power company: Dr. and Mrs. Gieger of Stockton and N. R. Penny, a wholesale merchant of Reno, are recent arrivals at the Manx. ' Mrs. Charles G. Hickox of Cleveland, O.: Mr. and Mrs. L. Rolaml and Mm. Horace Hill of New York wer? among yesterday's arrivals at tbe Fairmont. Mrs. Hill is spending the winter in California. A. 8. Smith of Sacramento, A. A. Davis, a cattleman of Klamath Falls, and Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Oldman of Chico were among yesterday's ar rivals at the Turpln. A. J. Cblchester of Winchester, Va., a breeder of blooded horses, and J. M. Arrowsmlth of Revelstork, B. C, are at the Union Square. Lewis Winters, county surveyer of Tehama county; L. P. Branstetter, a real estate dealer of Fresno, and F. W. Henderson, an attorney of Fresno, are guests at the Argonaut. Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Burdlck, Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Bates airt Robert Ellis of London, Ont., are guests at the Sutter. M. E. Randle of New York and Mrs. W. G. Hinkley of Nevada are guests at the Colonial. Mrs. E. C. Keeler and daughter of New York and Mrs. Joe Turner of Philadelphia are at the Columbia. B. E. Nixon, a well known hotel man of Seat tle, arrived here yesterday for a stu>rt business trip. lie said business along general lines is good In the northern city, but at pres-ent th«»ro arc few visitors or tourist!-. J. W. Young of Viealia Is at the Baldwlo. D. J. Welle, an attorney of Red Bluff, and Rg E. Dodd of Mojave are at the Stanford. 4 M. E. Lage of Merced and H. Drummond of Honolulu are at the Dale. Dr. and Mrs. O. l>. Barkan of Loomis and G. Fendergaet and family of Sacrameato are reji* tered at tbe Golden West.