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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, February 22, 1913, Image 6

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The Call
W. W. CHAP tN. Publisher.
Responding to the pressure of
nation-wide sentiment and criticism,
Nevada has so tightened up its
divorce law that the name P.en.
should no longer connote easy parting
oi the marriage tie for the well to do;
it should not, but probably the o*li tin
will persist after the reason for <i has
been removed. Tt takes reputation
some time to catch up with refor
The amendment consists simply in
doubling the residence period required.
After January 1, 1914, it will reqiire
one year, instead of six month': as
According to Governor Oddie,
whose contention is borne out by
examination of the facts. Nevada
never 'did deserve the stigma of ar.
' ca-y divorce" state. Neither did it
ever change its law on the subject so
as to attract a "'divorce colony."'. The
statute jest amended was enactei in
the earliest days of Sagebrush state
hood, and, as the governor informed
the Richmond convention of state
executives, r .t was in close conformity
with the model divorce legislation
recommended by a committee of the
American Bar association.
However. Nevada, and particuh-Iv
its chief city, Reno, came to be «?o il»
spoken of that the governor felt con
strained to urge and the legislature to
make i\w change increasing the statu
tory period of residence.
The bad repute thrust upon Nevada
is declared to have originated with
the selection of California's neighbor
by the lawyers for an eastern couple
of wealth and prominence as the best
place to get a divorce. That case was
given wide publicity, and soon after
ward lawyers of a certain sort began
supplementing the effects of that pub
licity with private effort, with ihe
resntl that the "divorce colony of
Reno bc<amc, a few years ago, a
subject of national comment and of
As Governor Oddie maintains. *h\*
condition arose not so much from the
laxity of Nevada's law as from th<*
severity of like laws in other states.
principally on the Atlantic coast. The
records show that most of the divorces
canted in Nevada to people from
other states were obtained by "colo
nies" from the east.
Rut no state can afford such a repu
tation as that which Nevada has had,
justly or unjustly, as a place of en
couragement for divorce seekers. The
amendment of the 1 law was dictated
by regard for the welfare of the com
The lcgi:>lature of Massachusetts is
considering a measure to abolish tip
ping, making it a misdemeanor.
Experience has shown that pcjonal
liberty in the minor affairs of life can
not be effectively restrained by legis
lative enactment The most law ab'd
ing citizen rebels against compulsion
in his daily goings and comings, and
particularly when such control aims
to regulate personal intercourse v/'th
his fellow man.
T.ike other eyils that have developed
in the evolution of modern social life.
the pernicious habit of tipping can
only be restricted by the growth u£ a
sane, logical and healthy public senti
ment, that recognizes that the laborer
19 worthy of his hire and that in the
many fields of endeavor human effort
should command an adequate scale
of wages absolutely independent of
gratuities that partake of the nature
of a charitable solatium, rather than
;i3 compensation for services ren
Tips arc grudgingly given, and the
impulse of generosity, the only excuse
that can reasonably be offered is
usually lacking. The practice is de
grading to all concerned. To the
giver it is a tacit acknowledgment
that he has not the strength of char
acter to oppose a conventional coJe
v. liich he can not at heart approve,
that the recipient is underpaid and
that his services have no recognized
market value.
To the receiver the effect is no >.s?
disastrous, entailing loss of self
respect inimical to efficiency and in
rompatiblc with a just appreciation ot
the dignity of labor.
In all reclamation and development
work there is essentially involved a
conflict between nature and the n«".eds
man. In the Hetch ITetchy con
troversy certain opponents ot a
municipal water system for San Fran
cisco capitalized that conflict and
encouraged and flattered the "nature
lovers" into opposing development of
the Hetch Iletchy valley as a reser
voir site. The same question arose in
the petition of the Carson-Trurkce
irrigation project and power com
panies for an increased flow of wa f er
from Lake Tahoc only,, and at Lake
Tahoe the question involved was of
draining the lake to a lower .cvel,
while in Hetch Hetchy the project
is to enlarge the lake.
City Engineer M. M. O'Shaughncssv
* of San Francisco and A. W. Millby
of Contra Costa were requested byj
Secretary Fisher to report on the
Tahoe situation, and their report has
been adopted by the secretary For
tunately, they found that the proper
supply of water could be secured for
the irrigation project by arranging n
spillway at the outlet that would
maintain the lake rim at the 6,223 foot
elevation, substantially where it is
today, and would establish the lake
level at one and a half feet higher
than was desired by the power in
San Francisco, aside from its in
terest in Lake Tahoe, will
for gratification in the fact that our
city engineer's report has been ap
proved by Secretary Fisher. Now, if
the secretary will give Mr. O'Shauph
nessy the same consideration in the
Hetch Hetchy matter!
The blue print days of the Panama-
Pacific international exposition ;>/«"
passing. The days of timbers, beams,
trusses, concrete, plaster, steel and
stucco work are at hand; the days of
flags' and music, of gay throngs -md
teeming exhibit palaces, of unveiled
sculpture and gilded domes and min
arets arc coming. "On time," is the
cheering prophecy and promise of
President Moore.
"The physical progress of the expo
sition is far advanced," says the presi
dent. "The less spectacular work has
been accomplished and the foundation
for building has been well laid. The
organization of the exposition" work
ing force has been thoroughly per
He declares positively: "A careful
review of progress upon all phases
the exposition activities enables the
management to repeat and emphasize
the promise made a year ago that the
exposition will open its gates two
years from today (February 20) upon
a completed production."
That is what is wanted, an expo
sition that will be ready. Co-opera
tion on the part of all citizens of
California is important to insure readi
ness to 1915. and that co-operation
will be given. San Francisco w'H
welcome the world on February 20.
1915, through the open gates of the
exposition. There will be many signs
to guide the visitors, but this sign will
not be in evidence:
The paint will be dry; the expo
sition will be ready.
Commission merchants rising to
oppose the Birsal! bill pending in f he
legislature conflict in their testimony.
They declare that only about 10 per
cent of their business is done on con
signment, yet they claim that to
report the names of this - fraction of
their custom would necessitate ex
cessive bookkeeping. Then they con
fess their fear that to give the names
of their customers to the farmer might
enable the farmer to deal directly with
the retailer. No ultimate consumer
should object to that.
The most glaring defect in the sys
tem of marketing produce lies- in the
existence of two middlemen—the
commission merchant and the retailer.
Both can not be eliminated entirely
The housewife can not deal directly
with the many producers of foodstuffs,
but one or the other of the men
between should be eliminated, or else
the relations between the farmer nd
the commission man and the com
mission man and the retailer should
be placed on a more economical bans.
A head of cabbage has to feed too
many mouths before it gets from tht
vegetable patch to the dinner table.
"Senator Warren's Profession -, seems
to suit Wyoming all right.—Chicago
Evening Post.
W« need 25,000 soldiers to guard the
canal; before the .Spanish war that
number was enough to guard the whole
country.—Philadelphia Record.
One reason why a girl laughs often
is because she is pretty, and one rea
son why she is pretty is because she
laughs often.—Dallas News.
—■•• —
Xeglect to incorporate himself or join
the stock exchange leaves General D.
E. Sickles in a peculiarly vulnerable
and unmilitary position while facing a
charge of appropriating $23,476. —St.
Louis Post-Dispatch.
Mr. Shepard will never know what
it is to give up his pay envelope at
the end of the week.—Minneapolis Jour,
The report that Will Carleton left an
estate valued at $5,000 is calculated to
set another crop of would be poets*
grinding out epics and odes with re
nejved^nergy.—Washington Post.
Georges Birthday
II . :•-, ,-. -■ -■- •■ ■ .. ■ - >■. -.. •-■ ■■ ; • ,ii
;•■;■ The " great • men ; come i] and prance '-;■ S a
while, and do their * stunts and chortle,
we watch their curves, admire their
style, and say , they are immortal. But
when they're » laid : beneath i the grass—
our memories are rotten!—before a few
brief , seasons pass the " great ■] men are
forgotten. The shining lights i. who
died last year from human minds have
flickered, ; and v new immortals gambol
here where t'others toiled and dick
ered. % That fame must like the rock be
made if it has safely traveled adown
the length of a decade and is not
ripped or ' raveled. , 'Tls given sto I but
few to , forge a deathless reputation like
that of our immortal George, the father
of the nation. His shining virtues T still
engage the orator and writer; till time
shall end ! each ? passing age ; will '{ make
the story brighter. ;In countless
schools we teach the youth for helpful
facts g inquiring, that "Washington"
means honor, r truth, and all that's
worth admiring. In countless homes
his pictured face is viewed with ven
eration; * one i man who ] never knew dis
grace—the father of the nation. One
man whose glory bears 7> n6 stain—
what conqueror's can match it? Beat
at iiis white • renown in vain. ' Time,
with your little hatchetr ...
Editor Call: In yotar paper of Febru
ary 11 Mr. Pillsbury has an article on
"Industrial Insurance," that has caused
me to do some thinking.
As a laboring man under the old
order I received my wages for my work
and bought my insurance of a company
that insured me against accident 168
hours in the week.
Under the new order my employer in
addition to the wages he pays me, is
also obliged to pay a certain amount to
an insurance company to protect him
(my employer) against any claim I
might have by reason of an accident
that might happen to me during the
60 hours of each week while I am
on duty. Any accident that might hap
pen to me during the other 10S hours
of the week is no concern of his, but
iust as costly to me, and 1
liold trafct the premiums he pays for
my insurance are in effect taken from
my wage's, _for on the books of the
compjuiy rnjf wages and the premi.uns
for fy insurance represent what i
cost the lirin.
And as a business proposition 1
would as Joon have my employer buy
my clothes, as my insurance; in either
case I would expect to get a cheap
The cleim that it is only by "work
men's compensation .laws" that each
branch of industry can be compelled to
carry its share of the burden of acci
dents is hardly tenable, for it is the
rule now th;it the greater the hazard in
any occupation the greater the wnge.
In the article referred to, Mr. Pills
bury says the industrial accident board
lms a plan whereby the state wi'l be
able to furnish accident insurance at a
rate that will drive the regular insur
ance companies out of business.
That sounds like the talk furnished
by the "fraternal insurance societies' "
organizers In the nineties. They were
furnishing life insurance at rates
within reach of the poorest, and they
were going to drive the old line com
panies out of business.
Today the old line companies are
still doing business. The fraternals are
charging practically similar rates to
the old line companies, and many who
trusted in the organizers' talk ate bit
terly disappointed over the experience
they had to pay for.
Mr. Pillsbury also says that one of
the great causes of poverty to the
working people is the industrial acci
dents. While reading that statement 1
recalled a speech T heard Mr. Pillsbury
make in Lemoorc in October, 1892,
wherein he declared that, upon careful
investigation, he found that among
laboring men less tha,n 3 per cent made
any attempt to save any portion of
their" wages and that was the great
cause of poverty among that class.
Which observation of his is the
most reliable? The "Employers' Lia
bility Act" seems to me to rank with
the "Mortgage Tax Law" that was re
pealed a few years ago. Either fur
nishes a good subject for the skillful
demagogue to show his greet love for
the poor people and the common peo
And as the mortgage tax law but
added to the burdens of tiie money
borrowers, long ere the law was re
pealed it was customary to get around
the law by a gentleman's agreement,
such, I am satisfied, will be the fate
of the employers' liability act. Thank
ing you for your kindness in publish
ing this. C. R. WATSON.
Hanford, Cal., February 11.
Editor Call: For a great many years
I have been a resident of the city and
have carefully read the different news
papers. You certainly are adopting the
right method and I sincerely hope that
you will continue your present policy.
San Francisco is well advertised to
the world, and the citizens should do
everything possible to make it a better
Have you ever noticed the awful
condition of our streets — merchants
sweep their walks without sprinkling?
After a rain our streets look like a
mudholc, and why?
I personally hope that you will take
up the cause and see if it is not pos
sible to have our streets properly
flushed, and also compel the merchants
to sprinkle their walks before sweep
ing, f. P. McC.
San Francisco, February 12.
George If. Myers, president of the Kansas City
Aero club and also president of the Priests of
Pallas, a mystic organization, who is a guest at
the Palace, says tbe balloonists of his home city
will do their utmost to win the next international
race in order that San Francisco may be chosen
as the place for the holding of the 1913 coDtest.
He said:
"The Kansas City Aero club hopes to win the
Gordon Bennett cup in 1914, and if we are for
tunate enough to capture the valuable trophy I
am sure my club will select San Francisco as tbe
1010 city for holding tbe contests. I am out here
vow looking over the country with this end in
view. Tbe Kansas City Aero club will enter
three balloons in the coming event. We have
plenty of money with which to get the best bags
tbat can be bought, and we will do everything in
our power to bring borne tbe bacou.to the United
States. It seems to me you San Franciscans
!-h»!il<i send a bsg or two to compete in tbe Paris
affair. Thin would help advertise San rrancis.-o,
and specially tbe 1015 exposition. Then, again,
San Francisco might win the trophy. I am sure
my club would be willing to help you Sau Frau
cisco people in every way."
* * *
K. TV. Gillett, one of the best known traffic
men in the weet, who has just returned from an
extensive trip through the citrus belt in the
•outb, says tbat experts of the United titates
government are investigating and experimenting
with a process by which the oil of oranges,
whether frosen or not, eau be put to commercial
us-e. llr. Gillett, who is at the St. Francis, said:
"A. government expert told me that it would
be possible to save the orange growers millions
of dollars in frost seasons by a process now being
experimented with by the agricultural depart
ment's experts. Ho told me lie believed it would
be possible to take tbe oil of oranges, whether
the fruit was nipped hy frost, or not, and treat
it iii such a way that it could be used commer
cially. Several orange growers told me that fully
50 per tent of their trees were destroyed by the
recent frost."
* * *
11. B. Warner, owner of a banana plantation
in Honduras, who is a guest Ht tbe Manx, is tak
ing back with him a complete moving picture
outfit and hundreds of reel*.
"I think I can, wake a large sum of money in
this new venture of mine," said Mr. Warner.
"I have purchased moving picture machines,
rented several hundred reels, hired an operator
and have made arrangements for the shipment of
large consignments of films. I intend to start a
moving picture theater in Honduras. We have
not anything of the kiDd there, and I feel sure
the pecple will patronize it freely. The people
of Honduras are pleasure loving, and the novelty
of moving pictures should attract them."
* * ♦
A. G. A. Van Elde, one of the owners of the
Netherlands and India Lumber company, who is
at the Palace, says that be thinks the Pacific
coast will benefit greatly by the opening of tbe
Panama canal. Mr. Van Elde said:
•'The high cost of certain kinds of lumber in
the east now is due to the freight rates. When
the canal is opened I am told tbat lumber can he
shipped anywhere on tbe Pacific coast to Atlantic
ports for about $8 a thousand. This ought to
give the Pacific coast lumbermen almost absolute
control of tbe lumber market. My company hopes
to use tbe Panama canal, and it Iβ possible tbat
we may establish a large shipping station ou the
weet coast in California. I have made a com
plete trip over the Pacific coast, and I think
business will increase in every city on the coast
when the canal is opened."
* ¥■ *
S. It. Rosenberg, an oil land operator of Loe
Angeles; Fred H. Hopkins Mrs. Hopkins and
their two sous, who have been ou a trip to tbe
Editor Call: lam 12 years of age
and am in the seventh grade of the
John Breen school. I live at 280 Farn
liam street. I have one brother, who is
16 years of age, and is an office boy at
the Pacific mills. I earn my money by
carrying two dinners. I have a quarter
to spend, but I do not spend it at once.
The 12th of October we had a great
parade, held in Lawrence. We' had
many thousand people marching , . We
marched to show that Lawrence was
one of the cities that loved its flag.
This parade was a great success. When
we were on the common the flag rais
ing took place. When it was hoisted
the people waved their flags and sang
patriotic songs. While we were march
ing we were singing, and it made the
air full of music, which sounded very
My father is a clerk in the Central
labor union. I think Lawrence is one
of the best cities there is. This makes
me think so because I have not lived in
any other city besides it.
My home is near a wood. It is very
healthy to sleep there at night. There
are all pine trees behind my house. In
summer it is very pleasant to look out
of the window and see the different
kinds of birds Ringing on the bough.
If you can publish this letter in your
paper, will you please send a copy of it
Lawrence, Mass., January 23.
Editor Call: I had in mind writing
you a letter for "Everybody's Forum,"
gently attacking , certain modern things,
but the muse swooped down on me and
turned my prose to "potery," so if
you are not a member of the Society
for the Suppression of Pestiferous
Poets, I make you a present of the
I am wearied with endless reading
Of the progress of modern times;
I am racked by eternally speeding
For elusive dollars and dimes,
And I yearn for the days romantic,
Of the childlike long ago. ,
Ere the mind of man went frantic
O'er novelty, sham and show.
I am tired of folks muck raking,
Whose hearts are as black as jet;
I am bored by the statesman's faking:.
And the militant suffragette.
Yes, I thirst when I think of woman,
For the dear, old fashioned kind,
Who strove to be sweet and human,
Feminine and renned.
From the murderous, maiming motor,
I would change to the ancient horse;
From the city's glamour and splendor
I would stroll by the brooklet's
For what does it profit a mortal.
Though his maddened mind progress,
If he speeds to the tomb's gray portal
A stranger to happiness?
I can glean no peace from the thinkers
Who rave o'er the country's needs;
Nor joy from the moral tinkers
"Who would doctor our loves and
And my heart for the life is yearning,
That flowed like a simple song.
Ere the faddist with frenzy burning,
Discovered the world all wrong.
San Francisco, February 12.
Once T loved a maiden comely
By the name of Mary CholmonSely;
Later on, my youthful dreams
Wandered to Francegca Wemyss;
But I grew in brains and brawn—
Next I lovep yoiing Constance Strachan,
Youthful FoV**s a gay deceiver;
Koon T turned to Alice Belvoir.
Next I begged for passion's boon
From that beautioue Belle Mohun—
Till I found that kindred souls
Were myself and
Comes a Roland for my Oliver—
I have married Martha Tallaferro!
—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Go. sow your wild oats if you will.
But he is wise who learns
Thnt it's the grist hp takes to mill
From which he gets returns.
—Chicago Record-Herald.
I". S. (by Ophelia)
He sowed his wild oats. It was said
He'd reap a crop of wrath!
But, 10. they were roses that he
For he sowed on the primrose path!
Panama canal and are now on their way home to
Medford. Ore.; Mr. and Mrs. E. ft. Frost of Bos
ton. B. D. Jackson and A. W. Clark of Portland
and F. F. Fischer of Seattle are at the Palace.
Charles L. Culbert, a banker and land owner
of Jackson: Barney Cussick, a rancher of Cnk-o;
B. B. a politician and capitalist of
Carson City, Ner., and Mrs. Verington; L. L.
Borbam and H. B. Reed of Chico and John J.
Joyce of Santa Barbara are at the Sutter.
J. Alexander Shriver, a special agent of the
department of commerce and labor, of Washing
ton, p. C.; C. R. l>owns, manager of Hetty
Green's raining properties at Sutter Creek; A.
W. Keddie, one of the engineers who planned the
building of the 'Western Pacific's lines in. Cali
fornia, and Tnotaas A. Hoefgcu, proprietor of a
packing bouse at Ukiab, are registered at the
Brriuaii Schoenfeld. proprietor of a furniture
■tot* In Seattle; E. G. Miner, president and gen
eral manager of the Pfaudler company, manu
facturer-, of enameled steel tanks of Rochester,
>•'. V.; A. TV. McLimont of Detroit and. C. H.
Ellicott of Victoria, B. C, are at the St. Francis.
M. V. SteTcns, a merchant of Modesto; N. F.
Branden, a large ranch owner of Tahiti and a
brother of Pearl Queen of the Society islands;
L. L. Pivain of Brest, who is touring the world,
and Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Riley of Los Angeles
are at the Manx.
11. W. Curtis of Kokomo, Ind.; A. E. Clerk of
Portland. (}. M. Owens of Sacramento and H. R.
Bacoa of Keno are at the Washington.
11. P. Andrews, an attorney of Red Bluff; C.
T. Kidweli, a vinejardist of Woodland; T. B.
Hart, a oandy manufacturer of Chico; L. W.
Baker, seorciary of the Moose lodge at Bakers>
fiolrf; W. C, Fry, editor of a newspaper at New
t'asilr, jincj o. K. Reed, a well known uiiuiug
nuiu of Tonopah, Ncv., and Mrs. Reed arc at tLie
I. L. AVrijht, an attorney of Santa Tlosn, end
A. C. Burrell, who has large interests in tbe lm
periai valley, registered yesterday at the Union
S<lUfi re.
Charles 11. Knubel, cigar manufHOturer of New
York; Webster Richardson, a New York broker,
and Mr. and Mr*. William J. O'Connor of Chico
are at the Bellevue.
E. L. Hullinshead of Los Angeles and W.
Wiley of Rirminghaui. Ala., are at the Columbia.
Gcorgp \v. Phelps of Monterey and C. K. Wi«»e
man of Harrington, 111., arc at the Baldwin.
Mrs. Joseph Wiikins snrl daughter of Sacra
mento are in the city for a few days and are
guests at tbe Sutter.
Robert Daris of Oakdale and W. S. Clyborne of
Eureka are at the Sutter.
C. R. Zacharius of Modesto and G. Barschtel, a
prominent real estate dealer of Willits, are at
the Stanford.
* * *
E. L. Williams of Santa Cruz. K. I- Shelley of
Ryde and W. Murray of Walla WJnla, Wash.,
arc registered at the Golden West.
Guests at th* Tnrpin include C. 11. *on Stern
berg, a capitalist of New York; Rev. R. P. Doug
las of OroTille, R. S. Monger of Saul a Barbara;
John Moore, a real estate mau of East St. Louis;
Arthur Scott, general merchant of Madison; W.
11. MorriSSpy of Orland, J. I" Davis of Lakeport.
Wallace Terry of Willlts and Dr. J. W. Walsh
of Sacramento. , *
11. T. Morrie of Los Angeles, Mrs. E. G.
Davidson of Hudsou, 0., and L.. A. Morton of
Salt Lake are guests at the Columbia.
K. M. Damon. owner <»f the stage line at
Bofanra, .iuil Q. B. l'otts of Los Augers are at
the Dale.
WHEN the Ancient Mariner heard
that Paymaster E. A. McMillan,
U. S. N. f had resigned from the
Asiatic station, after nearly four years
of duty, he warned his fellow com
muters to be prepared for a deluge of
pirate yarns.
"Pirates was pirates when I was a
youngster," said the A. IC, "and the
tales I "could tell you o' them yellow
devils we used/fo chase on the Yangtze
would keep you awake nights. Th'
ain't no pirates no more. Guess I
helped clean up the last o' them. But
every youngster that goes out to that
station an' visits the old pirate holes
in some luxuriously appointed spitbox
hears the echoes o' the work we done,
and when he comes home, tells hpw he
seen tllis and done that, which ain't
no sich thing."
In the hearing of the Ancient Ma
riner, a few days later, somebody
asked McMillan about his experiences
in the far east. He had been through
nothing very exciting, he said. The
Ancient Mariner looked disappointed,
but cheered up when the paymaster
was asked pointblank to tell about his
pirate experiences.
"Saw no pirates," said McMillan.
"Only thing that ever attacked me out
there was the prickly heat. But I'll
tell you what I did see "
"Now it's comin'," chuckled the
A. M. as he waved his pipe and nudged
the man sitting next.
"I saw a lot of pink porpoises," con
tinued the paymaster.
The Ancient Mariner rose in disgust.
"Excuse me." he said, "I'm goin* on
the upper deck to sit with the wimmin.
They told me the navy had changed.
I once seen blue elephants, but that
was after a long spell o' rough liberty.
But I'd a been ashamed to admit it.
The new generation ain't got no sShame.
Ye want to quit it, young man, quit it.
I had an iron will an' people looked at
things different when I was young,
anyhow. There ain't no blue elephants
nor pink porpoises on the road to suc
cess. Better get on the wagon an' stay
But McMillan's pink porpoises were
real sea pigs. McMillan was attached
to the gunboat Wilmington, which
helped carry the American flag around
the coast of China while the revolution
was in progress, and it was while the
Wilmington was at jCanton that the
pink porpoises disturbed the peace of
the little warship.
Here is something in this connection
almost as strange as the color of the
porpoise hide. Every man that reported
seeing one of these pink cetaceans
was regarded with suspicion. The en
listed man who told Captain Edgar of
the Wilmington about the pink por
poises was ordered to report to the
ship's surgeon. It was not long, how
ever, before the skipper saw a school
of them himself. Later that day the
paymaster visited the cabin.
"Mr. McMillan," said the captain,
"ever see a pink porpoise?"
"No. sir," replied the paymaster.
"I did. Saw a whole school of them
a few minutes ago. "New one on me.
Quite a sight."
McMillan went out feeling toward
the skipper as the skipper had felt
about the bluejacket. Being a wise
paymaster, however, he kept hie
thoughts to himself.
A few hours later he was summoned
on deck by a message from the captain.
"Wonder what the old man's seeing
by this time?" was his thoughts as he
obeyed summons.
"Well, Pay, you didn't believe me
about those pink porpoises?" the skip
per said, as he walked to the rail, "so
I thought I'd just show you. Look
over there."
They were there, all right, and un
mistakably pink. Forgetting his own
experience, McMillan ran down to the
ward room and announced what he had
seen. Nobody stirred. As he went into
his room he heard a shipmate remark:
•T thought that sun 'd get some of us
yet." *
"Pink porpoises ain't nothin'," said
the Ancient Mariner, " 'longside o' Dick
Williams' educated pig. Now that's a
true story."
Dirk Williams is in the service of
the North Alaska Salmon company and
makes the trip to Bristol bay every
year on one of the company's windjam
mers. The livestock taken north on
his last trip included a small pig that
was given the run of the deck. The
pig soon gave signs of unusual intelli
On a sailing ship it is necessary to
be careful with the supply of drinking
water. This is particularly true on a
salmon vessel, whre the ship's com
pany includes 100 or more cannery
hands. Every day at a certain hour
each man js given his day's allowance
of water.
"The third day out," continued the
Ancient Mariner, "all hands was mus
tered for water. 'Step lively," says the
mate, and as he says it we hears a loud
squeaking. Then along comes mister
pig shovin' his tub before him with his
snout. He stops at the water butt an'
squeaks like he'd bust till the mate
gave him his whack. He does that
every day. Thirty days out, so Dick
Williams tells me, the old man calls
all hands aft an , tells 'em he'd have to
put 'em on half rations o' water. The
next day the pig was on hand as usual,
but instead of his tub he had a little
lard pail.
"Pink porpoises: That pig could
have been any color he was a mind to,"
I don't know whether Mr. Goethals,
of Panama canal fame, is a Belgian
or not. If he is not, he ought to be,
because Belgium is full of Goethalses.
That name is common in my native
town and province. No need, thus, of
consulting the German language to
keep in the right track for the pro
nunciation of that name. Cut it into
two syllables, namely, Goet and hals.
Now, make goet sound as hoot in to
hoot; suppress the sound of h in hals
and say als with the sound of the a as
in the word father. Be sure to put
fully the accent upon the first syllable
and let the whole word go as gootals.
—Rochester Express.
Next t' bein' a baseball fan
ther liaint nothin , as remunera
tive as bein , a chicken fancier.
Th' ffller that keeps his mouth
shut nearly alius gits a second
Proposed Legislation
The existing employers' liability law
and the pending measures for its
amendment or the substitution of a
new law have resulted in the presenta
tion of many bills designed to provide
for Insurance against such liability.
Here are the provisions of those pend
ing bills which may be considered as
By this bill is proposed a law for tlfe
organization by employers of mutual
insurance companies to handle the
risks created either by the existing
industrial accident law or by any of
the pending measures that may be en
acted to take its place. It is especially
designed as a supplement to the man
datory compensation law proposed by
senate bill 905.
It provides that any number- of em
ployers, not less than five, subject to
the approval of the insurance commis
sioner, may incorporate for the pur
pose of insuring its members against
the liabilities imposed by workmen's
compensation laws.
The insurance commissioner may
limit the membership of any such com
pany to employers in the same general
character of industry or to those
within a certain district. The com
panies must *be incorporated under the
laws of California and maintain their
principal offices in this state.
The incorporation may not be for
more than 50 years. The directors
must not be less than five nor more
than eleven in number.'
Every employer accepting a policy
in any company organized under the
provisions of the proposed act is
thereby made a member of the com
pany and Is proportionately liable for
its losses and operating expenses.
No policy shall be issued until the
company has received subscriptions
from at least 200 employers for insur
ance of an annual pay roll of at least
Mutuality of hazard is sought to bo
preserved by the provision that no
single risk shall be insured upon which
the premium is more than 2 per cent
of the premiums upon all the com
pany's policies. This in effect means
that no single risk may represent more
than approximately one-flftleth of the
company's liability.
Every company must in its bylaws
fix a mutual liability upon its members
for losses and expenses in excess of its
available cash funds.
Assessments must be levied for the
payment of losses when the available
cash in excess of the unearned pre
mium reserve and other liabilities is
not sufficient to meet such losses.
Every assessment must be approved
by the insurance commissioner before
Dividends approved by the insurance
commissioner may be declared under
conditions which involve the transfer
of 25 per cent of annual profit to a
surplus until that surplus is equal to
the amount of all the premiums charged
on insurance in force.
The funds of companies organized
under the provisions of this act may be
invested in.the manner provided by law
for the investment of funds of savings
The expenses of companies are lim
ited to 30 per cent of the gross pre
miums actually received. This limit is
upon operating and administrative ex
pense and does not include settlement
of losses or expenses incurred in the
prevention of accidents.
Officers and directors are made per
sonally liable for expenses in excess
of this limit. No officer or person whose
duty it is to pass upon risks shall re
ceive any commission upon the pre
miums. His compensation must be
a fixed salary, to which may be added
a share in the net profits.
When the liabilities of any company
are greater than the admitted cash
assets it is insolvent.
The directors of mutual companies
may prescribe and enforce rules for
the prevention of injuries on the prem
ises of members. Employers or em
ployes objecting to such rules mey
apply to the industrial accident board
for a review. The board may affirm,
amend or annul the rules complained
The pay rolls of members are to be
open to auditors and inspectors rep
resenting the companies for the pur
poses of verification.
Any member may withdraw upon 30
days written notice and the discharge
of all his obligations to the company.
Such withdrawal will not release from
liability for loses incurred while he
was a member.
The provisions of the act are not to
apply to contracts for the protection
of property made under the reciprocal
or interinsurance plan nor to unin
corporated indemnity compacts.
BLUING GUN BARRELS-J. P. D-. Bridgeport.
The following is giTen as a method for bluing
gun barn-Is by what is known ac the "staining
process": Dissolve 4>£ ounces of hyposulphite
of soda in a quart of water, also li ounces of
acetate of lead in a quart of water, then mix
the two solutions and bring to a boll in a por
celain dieb or stone pot. Clean the barrel free
from grease, oil or varnish, then warm tbe bar
rel and emear the hot solution OTer it. using a
piece of sponge tied to a stick. When the color
develops, wash and wipe dry and finish, with
boiled linseed oil. Another method i»: Apply
nitric acid and let it eat into the Iron a little,
then the latter will be corered with a thin film
of oxide; clean the barrel, oil and burnish.
BILLINGS— J. N. P., Oleta. Henrr W. Shaw,
an American hnmorist, wbo wrote under the
name "Josh Billings," was born in L*nesbor
ough. Mess., in 1818. At tbe «ge of 15 lie
started to "make a living." tried fanning, Tun
ning a steamboat on the Ohio, store keeping
and school teaching and made "a successful fail
ure" of each. In 183S he established himself as
an autcioneor in Poughkeepsle. N. V., and while
following tbat vocation contributed to news
papers and received liberal returns. Hie writings
are characterized by a quaint shrewdness and a
humorous cltraent. Intensified by crude spelling.
He issved bis "sketches" in four volumes and
also Issued an annual almanac, lie died In Mon
tercy, Cal., in 1880.
* * *
COAL OIL SMELL—X. t,. Grangerrille. Bot
tles or gla*B jars that have contained coal oil
may be cleaned and freed from smell by washing
with thick milk of lime, which forms an emul
sion with the oil and removes evpry trace of it.
The vessel should then be cleansed again with
milk of lime aod a very small quantity of
chloride of lime, allowing the liquid to remain
In tbe VMKI for about an hour and then rinsing
with cold water.
BALDWIN'S THEATER—D., City. Baldwin , *
Academy of Music, afterward known us the
Baldwin theater. In Market street near Powell,
was opened March 6, 1576, by Thomas Magulre,
proprietor, and James A. Hearne, manager. The
npeniDg play was "Richard III,"' with Barry
Sullivan in the title role, Emily Baker as Lady
Anne and Louise Hawthorne as Queen Elizabeth.
THROUGH THE CANAL—S., City. How long
it will "take a vessel to make tbe voyage from
Southampton, Eng., to San Francisco via the
Panama canal voder favorable circumstances,"
would depend upon tbe character of the vessel,
her speed and the weather.
CROXJE—Subsortber, San Mateo. Toe , surren
der of Cronje, Boer general, daring the Boer
war, was to Lord Roberts, February 27, lt>oo. At
the time of the surrender Crooje had 4,000 men
with him. .
• * *-• 0
ORIGIN OF "O. X."—C. B. ML, City. '*O.
X.." according to Prof. W. K. Wyman nf the
UniTersity of Alabama, is derived from the. Choc
taw word, "Okth," meaning "all right. "^
This bill Is designed to provide a
state agency to make compensation in
surance rates for indemnity companies,
mutual companies and the state acci
dent insurance fund, which is proposed
in both types of workmen's compensa*
tion bills pending.
In addition to making rates to be
charged for workmen's compensation
insurance it is proposed to give the
state's agency powers designed to de
termine and maintain the solvency of
companies and mutual associations
doing indemnity insurance business. It
carries an initial appropriation of
$25,000. "
It authorizes the industrial accident
commission to organize and maintain
a rating bureau. That bureau is to be
known as the state workmen's com
pensation insurance rating bureau. It
is to consist of five members—the in
surance commissioner or a member of
his staff, three persons chosen by the
industrial accident board and one
chosen by the insurance companies and
mutual associations affected. The
members of the rating bureau are to
serve without compensation.
It is to be the duty of the bureau to
make rates for workmen's compensa
tion insurance upon working prem
ises anywhere in the state. Such ratea
are to be made upon the request of
insurance commissioner, industrial ac
cident board, any authorized insurance
company or mutual association or the
employer affected.
The bureau may make basic rates for
an industry with a schedule of credits
and charges for favorable and unfavor
able local conditions, or it may make
flat rates in cases where It deems
.schedule rates inapplicable. Tt may re
rate a plant or working premises upon
any material change in the hazard.
The bureau shall review a rating
upon the application of employer, state
fund or insurance company or mutual
association affected thereby.
The rates are to be made in terms of
percentages of payrolls and on the re
serve as contradistinguished from tliq
assessment plan. That Is to say, tlie
premiums or rates are to be such that
if Invested at per cent they will
carry the claims to maturity, provide
for the expenses of the company and
for a surplus.
The bill provides for the accumu
lation of claim reserves by all com
panies and mutual associations and
the state fund. All companies and
mutual associations authorized to do
workmen's compensation insurance
business must keep on deposit with,
the state treasurer securities sufficient
to cover their claim reserves.
Failure to preserve such deposits
involves revocation of license.
Companies and associations must
make quarterly reports to the insur
ance commissioner covering the busi
ness of the preceding quarter and in
cluding an estimate of the conse
quent changes in their reserve de
Neither the state insurance fund
nor any company or association may
issue a policy of workmen's compensa
tion insurance in which any other
liability is covered.
In the matter of reports covering
rates, losses, expenses, commissions
and earnings the rating bureau is to
treat the state fund exactly as it
treats insurance companies and mutual
All auch information made public
jhall be published in a uniform way
so as not to discriminate against the
state fund or any company or asso
This bill is designed to augment a
safety appliance and regulation fund
by providing that death benefits for
employes leaving no dependents shall
be paid to the state.
It is drawn to be applicable to the
existing employer's liability law or to
the law that may be enacted to take
the place of the existing law.
The existing law provides for death
benefits of not less than $1,000 nor
more than $5,000 for employes leaving
dependents, but only for funeral ex
penses for employes leaving no de
pendents. Senate bill 1519 makes the
dependent schedule apply to employes
not leaving dependents and for the
payment of the benefit, less funeral
expenses, to the state.
The funds are to be expended by the
industrial accident commission in pro
moting the bodily safety of employes.
The provisions of the bill apply to
the state industrial insurance fund as
well as to employers, insurance com
panies and mutual associations.
DIVINING RODS—N. N.. City. It is a popular
notion that water under tbe surface of tbe earth
may be located by means of the "divining rod."
wblch in the long ago was a forked branch of
the rowan tree. It wae carried by an in
dividual between bis thumbs, and when it passed
over a subterranean stream the rod would move
in the hand of the holder, and in that way In
dicate the presence of water. Experiments of
late yeare have proved conclusively that thN
can not be relied upon. A few years ago Uμ
experiment was tried on land In Santa Clara,
county selected for a fraternal society. One mm
held the forked rod and discovered indication*
of water Iα several places. Other individual*
stood on exactly the same spot, at tbe
points, and held the rod Iβ exactly the kin*
manner as the diviner, bat in neither instanm
did tbe rod move. The only way to ascertain
If there is water in a certain place is to make
an artesian boring.
* # ♦
BOYS IN THE NAVY—A. M.. City. A boy
npder 18 wbo wants to enllat In the United State*
navy with the consent of parents or guardian i<*
in the service during minority. Boys over 18
may enlist without the consent of parents or
guardlao, but must furnish certificate of birth >>r
verifled statement of parents or guardian. Only
American citizens arc enlisted in the navy. Th*
applicant must pass a required physical examina
tion, must be able to read and write the English
language and must take the oath of allegiance.
* -5f #
ORIGIN OF "A NO. 1"—/' A 1," or "A No.
1." is the symbol of a first class vessel at
Lloyd's. The letter A refers to the character of
the hull of tbe ship, and is assigned to a new
shtp for a number of years, varying from four
to 15, according to the material used and tbe
workmanship. The figure 1 refers to tbe statn
of anchors, cables and other fittings. . "A 1" bas,
from this, come to mean anything of undoubt
edly good Quality.
* w *
THE WILLOWS—O. T.. City. It was on April
26, 1865, that Jacob Wlmtner, as manager, took
charge of "The Willows," between Mission Hnd
Valencia street at Eighteenth, a pleasure resort
in wblch Lotta Crabtree, "Little Lotta," was for
a time tbe star child attraction.
* * *
GRADES OP GOLD— F. W., Milton. Twenty
four karat gold means all gold; 22 karat is -"-'
parts gold. 1 part silver and 1 part copper; IS
karat is 18 parts gold and 3 cacti of silver and
copper; 12 I rat is half gold, with 3'i parts*
silver and Bi£ parts copper.
* ■» *
BAKER—C. S.. City. Colonel Kdward Dick
inson Baker, who whs killed durlug the civil
war. at the battle e{ Balls Bluff, was not a
native of this country. Bβ was born la Kng
land, and was brought to I'ennsylvauia in carlr
childhood. jf
* * *■
AUDLBON—Subscriber, Cit.r, The address
of the secretary of the Audiibrm National associa
tion is 1974 BrrwHlway. New York city. J|».
should be able to furni?* • Ha* of the brtnc* *v
cletles in this couutcx $>'

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