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TH*hr«t Temperature Vestcrdav. 62. Lowest Tnnrs.
cht, 52. For details of the Weather see Pajre 1». The Semi-Monthly Magazine will form a part of tomorrow's big Sunday Call, A magazine for the parlor table. VOLUME 113.—N0. 126. GREAT IRRIGATED LANDS OF IDAHO WILL SUPPLY FREIGHT FOR NEW ROAD Arrowrock Dam and Boise Valley Project Will Water 240,000 Acres; Larger Area Than That Under Ditch Id Los Angeles County—Fruit and Grain Section, While Not So Rich as California District, Still Is Wonderful Empire Awaiting Modern Development LIVING FOR 100,000 IN THAT TERRITORY ALONE, ENGINEER SO DECLARES Alfalfa, Apples, Prunes and Peaches Need Only Supply From Snake River to Turn Desert Into Gardens, the Enormous Products of Which Can Be Brought Within 696 Miles of San Francisco Bay by Building 278 Miles of Tracks From Winnemucca to Idaho Capital Article >'o. 4 on San Franrlaco-Bolne Ilaflroad This is the fourth of a scries of articles appearing in The Call to show H>hy San Francisco should interest itself actively and financially in the con struction of 278 miles of railroad from Boise. Idaho, to Winnemucca, Nev., so that the distance by rail between San Francisco and southern Idaho can be cut nearly in half or to 696 miles. ARTHUR L. PRICE K. "vveymouth. supervising engineer of the Idaho district of the United Bt&tea reclamation service, told me in Boise -when we were discussing the govern ment's work in southern Idaho. I did not want to question t!ie word of -fto efficient an engineer as Mr. Woymouth, but I was skeptical. So as soon as I returned to San Francisco I consulted the state blu^book ' In 1310 by the secretary of state. ' m T found this date in the official Acreage jrriga'ed. l?f>9, 145.r.56: acre age Irrigated. 1510, l*3,nOS; included in irrigation projects, 241.794 acres. For Riverside county the figures given were 210.4T.2 acres included in irrigation projects. Now in the single Boise valley pro ject, partly completed, there are In cluded 240,000 acres. Mr. Woymouth was as right in his data as he Is in his construction work. T do not say there are not now in Los Angeles county or in Riverside county more than 240,000 acres in etutei in irrigation projects; but I have used the latest available pub lished figures. IMT l> <;RK%T PRODIfTIOX Wot do 1 say that the products of the F.oise valley will equal those of Los Angeles county in their peculiar rich ness, even when the 240,000 acres of land are under intensive cultivation; but the point is—Boise valley, one sec tion of southern Idaho, one unit of the vast acreage of irrigated land, is as •sive as the fabulously rich Los Angeles county district, and as exten sive as the fabulously rich Riverside county district, where the oranges grow, and agricultural experts assure me that the soil of this Boise valley is peculiarly productive. The products are not oranges and lemons and olives and grapefruit: they «re alfalfa (which is also an important UQT Angeles county product), prunes, s. pears and peaches. The climate of southern Idaho is not rigorous, ac a Callfornlan might im afjlne. Southern Idaho has a colder ■winter than California. Its spring is from a month to six weeks behind our npring. I did not see a tree awakened from Its winter lethargy from the time I left California for Idaho until I came back, when fruit blossoms greeted me at Dutch Flat, 3,399 feet up on the Sierras. Dutch Flat Is 1,000 feet higher than Boise, so altitude Isn't the guid ing factor. Idaho Is in a lititud*» about 400 miles north of San Francisco. That is what count*. But the climate of the Snake river valley Is similar to that of cen tral California. To say that one unit of the Snake liver irrig-ation system is as large an acreage as was included in all of Los Angeles county and in all of River side county in 1910 is not to say that this one unit will be richer than Los Angeles districts, but It Is to say that the Boise river valley will be enor mously productive. I. ANO FOR 100.000 PERSONS "One hundred thousand persons can and will be supported by this project," Mr. Weymouth said to me. T have discovered that he was right about the comparative irrigation acreage of Boise valley and IjOS An fs rounty. I see no reason to oubt him regarding the future pop ulation of this district. authority admonishes us to make two blades of grass grow where one grew before. Idaho is growing more than thro*- and a half tons of alfalfa ti» the acre where none grew before. Then there are the trees and Continued on m«e 8, Column 2 I THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL "The People's Newspaper" JAPAN PROTESTS ALIEN LAND BILL Complaint on California Move Formally Lodged in Washington WASHINGTON, April 4 —The Japa nese government has lodged formal protest with the state department against the proposed enactment by the state of California of what it con siders anti-Japanese legislation, the measure prohibiting the alien owner ship of land In California. It was learned today that this pro test was made nearly a fortnight ago. Secretary Bryan and Viscount Chinda, the Japanese ambassador, were closeted for half an hour today at the state department in a private conference, the subject of which neither would discuss. It Is known that Secretary Bryan Is giving close attention to this deli cate subject, studying the history of the negotiations that took place be twffn Secretary Root an<l Baron Taki hara in the Koosevelt administration, when a severe strain was placed upon the relations between America and Japan by the attempt of California authorities to exclude Japanese chil dren from public schools. The next step probably will be a communication from the secretary of state to the governor of California, calling his attention to the interna tional questions Involved in the meas ures before the legislature. FANNIE CROSBY AND MISS KELLER TO MEET Blind ll.i mn AVritrr Pen* Verae In \rii>ptlns Invitation of »zt Thuratlay Afternoon (Spocißl Dispatch to The Call) NEW YORK, April 4. —Helen Keller, who is deaf and blind, has received word from Fannie Crosby, the blind hymn writer, that she will appear at the Hudson theater next Thursday aft ernoon with Miss Keller. Miss Keller will speak for the benefit of the Golden Rule Alliance of Amer ica, the home for blind girla, of which Miss Crosby is president. In her acceptance of the invitation Miss Crosby inclosed the following verses: There in a that links my xoul to thin*. I may not clasp tliy gentle hand in mine. And yet in thonght each other we may greet Ami sprml tbis i]«y in converse pure ami sweet. I met thee oncp—"twa* many years ajro— And yet Its memories like a fountain flow. I hear thy TOlee a« then ita tones I heard. And fond affection clings to every word. GM tlicr> still watchful care An! Mr*w tliy i»al ci "iMi MMI Md !>!'**oms v baa • ■"■<! ■■ •' '■■■■ i| trtb»l< In las m tin .• Ob. M ait u w k tUat aiiu'i CVCCtTMi uiuj' lα.'. SA3T FRANCISCO, SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1913.—PAGES 1 TO 8. This Is Pencil Day Sweet Charity's Plea Thla is pencil day, an event that in peculiarly an Institution in San Kranrlacw, where jyenernus hearted men, nomrg and children arc ever ready to respond t<» the plea of charity, (orne ilonn <o«n Ihl* momlne or thin nftrrnnon and buy a pencil or pencil!*, nnd remember that every prnny you Kive will make Nome little curly haired lad or lann happy out at the Pan Francl«co >ur»ery for IlomeleAH Children. The home miint he maintained, and It retl<"» nolrlj on public donations for ltd upkeep. Kverybody iredx jifn «•)!« and the pencils that Mill be aold on the Mtrectti and In Khop.i and ntoren are really worth what you pay for them. You needn't Rive the neller only a illtne—you can Kiic two dlmO—hut a dime la the price. Kverybody will have a chance to buy one, and every body should buy at leant one. SAN FRANCISCO'S BIRTH PRECEDED THE DECLARATION Remarkable Document Just Deciphered Makes March 27, 1776, Real Found ers' Day Out of the. stninrd and yellow page* of an old ecclesiastical Spanish rtorn ment, just deciphered by Professor Frederick C. Teggart. the Vntverslty of <'alifornia has brought forth a new pajy in the history of the well — the story of the founding , of San Franoisro March 27. 1776, four months before the declaration of independence was signed at Philadelphia. The narrative thua translated la that of Padre Pedro Font, the first apostle to the Indians of San Frandaco penin sula. It efime into the possession of the Academy of Pacific Coast History at the state university in the Robert F.. Cowan collection, presrntM by Col- Hs P. H'mtington. It is n tale of ad venture ani of strange lniman inter est. It begins at the presidio of San Nfl gruel de in Sonora. Mexico, ■where white men had built their towns before the Pilgrim fathers landed in the Atlantic colonies. At that pueMo Don Juan Ra»tist;i dr» Anza orgnnizert his expedition. Padre Font wmt the missionary niem'-"r. The first day the journey was only three miles, for most of the time was given over *o singing la mass to the blessed Virgin of r.uada lupe, and packing , the mules. Late in the afternoon the party set forth—sol diers, muleteers, whrtv Of the soldiers, Indian guides. Padre Font and the stout heartr-d conquistador, f'aptaln de Ania. The etart was made In September, 17J5. The march lay across a stretch of wild country; a region as vast as from San Francisco to EI Paso, or from Wash ington to New Orjeans. At the Mission of San Xavier del Bac, southern Arizona, the explorers passed the last or most northern Christian settlement. The country of the Apaches was hazardous, but north of that the Indians were hospitable and kind. These friends of the white men were all foes of the Apaches; and they came to the camp, kneeling: before Padre Font for baptism, while Apache scalps dangled from their gear. Proudly these natives showed the Spaniards their "Casa Grande Montezuma," a great stone edifice built. Father Font writes, some 500 years before, with timbers brought 7;" miles, and cooled by water conveyed in conduits from the distant river. I At Yuma the expedition founded a Christian settlement, leaving two priests to minister to 3,000 Indians. Theee two padres were named Garces Continued on I'nisr 2, < olnntn 1 POPE PROTESTS LAWS THAT CURB CATHOLICS Pin* THIR ril K rltit« Statute* of Sinnr AKalnnt (onnlrir* Dlaerlminate It omaii Chiirrh ROME, April 4.—Pope Pius made strong complaint today against the laws of religious liberty existing in some Catholic countries. Ills derlara tion came in the course of an address written by him and delivered in his behalf to a large body of pilgrims re ceived In the consistorlal hall. The address declared in those coun tries the laws were intended to work against the Catholic church, while plenty of liberty was granted to the other Christian churches. For instance, the Catholic church does not enjoy the liberty to possess property. The pope said that the liberty of the press was degenerating into li cense, and was chiefly employed against religion. SECRETARY FACES, MURDER Mrs. llorne'H Hrlvatp Aid Accuard of Slnyine «.<»nlil Kmiatc Kmployc TOMS lUYSSt, N. ■!., April 4.— W. E. Leehan, formerly employed as a pri vate secretary by Mrs. K. M. Iforne of Pittsburgh, ia in jail here, charged with the murder Ot Mrs, Charlea Turner Ot !.,;kr\vooil, ft. •!■. whit \f;is the wife ill' ;i'i »• run •«»>*» (.m iJjj n*U*l*> y< I If iirire J. Ooui'i, PROF. OLSON SOBS WHEN HE REVEALS AFFINITY'S WRONG Minnesota "U" Teacher, on Trial for Killing Laun dryman, Seems Near Collapse WIFE'S CONFESSION QUOTED ON STAND "I Am Powerless When He Holds Me in His Arms," She Told Husband (Pp<vm] Pispatrh to The Call) ST. PAUL, Minn., April 4—Tf Pro fessor Oscar Olson of the University of Minnesota manages to avoid collapse before his defense to the charge of murdering Clyde Parlingr, his wife's affinity is completed, close observers will he surprised. As he continued today the Intensely dramatic story which led up to the killing , , it could he plainly seen that he Tviis laboring under a tremendous nervous strain. More than once it ap peared as though he were on the verge of a breakdown. Hβ told the story of his wife's confession of betrayal by Darling and the "superhuman Influ ence" the laundryman had over her in broken sentences, and in a voice punctuated by barely suppressed sobs. County Attorney O'Hrien. who con ducted the cross examination, was raer ciless. Every detail of the wife's con fesslon was gone over. As he told how she appealed to him tor protection against Darlinp. against whom she was powerless, his form shook with emo tion and the tears flowed from his eyes. POWERLESS l> HIS AHSIS He quoted his wife as follows: "I wjs held in his arms and he would paze into my eyes x ntll he had me under hie control. HI i mind mastered mine, and I coulo , <i ily do what he wished. Ife hypnotizj 1 m<\ "Tlint man has a sti ange power over me. He looks and l&oks at me until r feel my will swaying end my moral hold loosening-. I ca . d%iy him noth ing. I am in terror of him." Kvi-n after thi« confession his one Idea mi to set her away from this malign Influence. "With terror and shame heavy on mr\" Iμ daelafCd with dramatic fer vor, "1 strove desperately to get a place in another institution. I had no intention of killing Darling at that time." He told of the threats Darling had made against him and his wife and liow tor wpeks they lived in a state of terror. A sl.tm of a door was a pis tol shot. The wail of a night prowl ing <at became a acreftm of mortal a pony. WOMKV (ROWI) (OIRTROOX He finally met I'arllng and warned him to keep away from the house. He failed to do so and the shooting re sulted. The trial is creating Intense interest here. So great is the pressure to get Into the courtroom that the police re eerves have been on hand to keep the crowds, in which are many women, In order. Sentiment Is almost entirely In favor of the man on trial for his life. The story lie has told on the stand bears every evidence of truth and it has been strengthened rather than weakened under cross examination. Mrs. Olson Will follow her husband on the *tand In all probability, al though the general impression Is that this will not be necessary. NEGRO KILLS TWO; LYNCHED BY MOB Murderer of Sheriff and Dep uty Is Hanged to Tele phone Pole WH/LISTON, X, P.. April 4.—Sheriff Courtney of Sheridan county, Montana, just across the state line west of (ere, ■was instantly killed and 11. H. Burg | meister, his deputy, was fatally wound ed tf'.is .afternoon while attempting to arrests a negro named Colline on a charge, r> t battery Burgmeister prob ably will die. Hanged to Phone Pole MO.MiAK, Mont., April 4.— J. C. Col lins, the v slajiT of Sheriff Thomas Courtney, was taken from the jail to night and lynched, a frenzied mob of Monflak people stringing htm up to a telephone pole and then setting fire to his clothing In a vain effort to cremate his body, after they had riddled the swaying corpse with bullets. After shooting the two men. Col lins took their guns and Jumped Into the brush. A large number of Mondak citizens went In pursuit. Seeing no chance to escape, the fugi tive surrendered and was brought to Mondak, whore iho officers and prisoner were met by B 1.-irge crowd with ropes. Collins was- lodged in Jail after his guards ha<l BtftOd off the mob. The mob later made a second assault and •ecared th« R*«ro, whe was hanged while be beffged foi nitjrcy, "An Independent Newspaper" CUPID GOOD OARSMAN Wooed and Won in Canoe Mr. and Mrs. Roger W. Olmsled, toihese secret marriage is climax of Stan ford canoe romance. MISS ROBERTSON IS SECRET BRIDE R. W. Olmsted, Tutor at Boating, Other Principal in Stanford Romance Dan Cupid was coxswain down at Stanford university last fall when Miss Ruth Edna Robertson, pretty and viva clous daughter of Alexander M. Rob ertson, the Union square publisher and stationer, took lessons in the art of canoeing from Roger W. Olmsted, var sity crew man and member of the Delta ITpsilon fraternity. The little god carefully guided the craft over the sea of love and entered the port of matrimony down at Pacific Grove Thursday night. So delightful had been the voyage that cupid was engaged by Mr. and Mrs. Olmeted to guide their craft on a little voyage im mediately after the wedding ceremony that took place at the home of Mrs. Ada Taylor, Miss Robertson's aunt. Throughout the first part of the voy age cupid handled his craft so d*ftly and carefully that not a ripple, showed on the watere to Indicate the direction he and his fares had taken. The parents and friends of the young: people believed that Port Matrimony would not be reached until late In the coming summer and were taken by surprise yesterday when news reached this city. Miss Robertson was one of the most popular girls In the 1910 class at Stanford. She took a prominent part in college theatricals and lit class ac tivities. Being an enthusiastic devotee of rowing she was instrumental In es tablishing a woman's boating club at the university, and under the tutlege of Olmsted became an expert canoeist. After graduation Miss Robertson was made an assistant in the department of history. She was a member of the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority. Mr. Olmsted rowed on the varsity crew In his junior and senior years and also was a member of the cardinal track team. He was registered In the engineering department from Los An gelee and was graduated Christ mas. Mr. Robertson denied that the young couple had eloped, saying that par ents of both were aware of an existing engagement, but admitted he had not been informed of the wedding plans. DRIVER DEAD, HORSES RUN Mfelran TramMer Sltn in Seat Daring Kxcltlns Chicago l)««h CHICAGO, April 4.—With a dead man in the driver's seat, a team ran wild In Fortieth avenue for half, a mile to day, narrowly avoiding a collision with street cars and scattering pedestrians. When the horses were Btopped It was found that the driver, Robert Kauf man, had died of heart disease. The value of San Franeise* alty trans- ; ferred in March was the HIGHEST RECORD of any month since the fire. PROGRESSIVES TO DEMAND PLACES Conference Names Victor Murdock Candidate for Speaker of House WASHINGTON, April 4 —At its first caucus, held tit is afternoon by the pro gressives, the third party organization in the House nominated Representative Victor MurdoCk of Kansas as the can didate for speaker of the house, and perfected plans for an aggressive leg islative campaign. Fifteen members of the house attend*. 1 the conference and the affiliation of four more mem bers, who have not JTet reached Wash j ington, was announced. m:i.i. A\r> stf.phkxs The members •who attended were.: Representatives Rupley, Temple. Walters, L*»wif>. Hillings and Kel'ey of Pennsylvania, Bell and Stephens of California. Murdock of Kansas. Hine baugh and Copley of Illinois, Bryan of Washington, Lafferty of Oregon, Chan dler of New York and Undberg of Min nesota. Those recorded as affiliated but not present were: Falconer of Washington. Woodruff of Michigan, Nolan of California and Thomson of Illinois". The caucus adopted a resolution de claring that Its action was not bind ing upon the members attending, but | that each member was free to support j progressive measures appearing in the house from any source. After a long discussion In the course of which Mr. Murdock declared that the progressives were entitled to representation on the important house committees not only because of their numerical strength In the house, but also because of the large progressive vote cast for the party In the presi dential election, a committee was ap pointed to consult Majority Leader Underwood about the progressive as signments. Representatives Murdock, Hlnebaugh and Stephens will serve. Mr. Murdock said he expected 30 or 40 committee plfcce* for prc;?-es«ives. WUSL FRAME PROGRAM A legislative committee composed of Representatives Kelley, Chandler, Cop ley, Bell and Lindbergh was appointed to frame the legislative measures which will form the projyresstve pro gram. All of the progressive mem bers will meet next Tuesday with Dean Lewis of Pennsylvania university; Jane Addams, Gifford Pinchot, Walter Weyl and other members of the legis lative committee of the national pro gressive party to consider the legis lative program. The conference went on record as in favor of a new standing committee of the house to consider the woman suf frage question,. PRICE FIVE CENTS. WILSON WILL FIGHT FOR NEW TARIFF BILL, HE DECLARES President Says He "Will Go to the Mat" With Oppo nents —Sugar Duty Dis pleases the Southern Mem bers, Who Claim It Will Destroy Industry—Wilson Intimates Plan Will Be Accepted or Free Sugar Will Be the Final Result WOOL, MEATS AND FOODSTUFFS FREE Leaders in Senate Ask for Time in Which to Study Provisions of New Meas ure—President Confident of Success — Underwood Says the House Is Ready to Present Measure—Duty on Steel Products Cut—ln come Tax to Be Levied IRA E. BENNETT (Sppcla! Dispatch to The Call) WASHINGTON, April I TtnfaH the leaders of the United States senate accept the conditions imposed by the house tariff bill. President Wilson, to use his own phrase, "will go to the mat with them." The president is tired of diokerinff with the Louisiana senators over free sugar and he is tired of dkkerin:; with the western senators over free wool. All through the day many conferences were held with the president, and when the senate finance committee was holding- meetings to consider what the senate should do, he remained courte ous; but finally h*i decided that the compromise rate of a cent a pound on sugar should stand and that wool should be free, and that the senate could take It or leave It. President Wilson does not want M flght, but he is ready, as he pays, to "go to the mat" with the seven sena tors who refuse to accept even the compromise rate of a cent a. pound on sugar and the other senators who re fuse to accept free wool. The tariff revision bill was completed tonight with the exception of a final decision upon the eugar tariff. From beginning to end It is a measure mod eled in accord with the Ideas of Tresi- , dent Wilson, with wool, meats and many other foodstuffs and clothing materials on the free list; with low duties upon all agricultural products and foodstuffs that are not free, and with the tariff on chemical, steel anil other commercial products cut far t>elow the present protective rates. The senate tariff leaders asked today for an opportunity to study the bill until Sunday afternoon. They then will confer with Chairman Underwood of the house committee on ways and means, and later will have a final con ference with President Wilson. A careful analysis of the senate will be made in the meantime, to determine whether free wool, "1 cent sugar' , and low rates on "market basket" products will prove acceptable to a majority of the democrats. DAY'S DEVKI,OIMIK>TS Briefly summarized, the tariff devel opments of the day were: President Wilson's ultimatum to su gar interests, that they must agree to a tariff of one cent per pouad for ttrre* years, with free sugar after th;it time, or he would attempt to secure free ,«u ---gar at once. The completion of the bill by the ways and means committee, with tU* exception of the sugar KtledaM. committee > s prepared to agree on free sugar if the president insist?. Income tax rates fixed at one per cent for all corporation incomes above $5,000; one per cent on individual in comes from $4,000 to $20,000; two per LOS GATOS 26 ACRES (Overlooking tli»> Santa Clara Valley ) •2 ma FROM I. OS <;VTOS DKI'OT. ABixnwci: si«Ki\<; water. Splendid Road. Family orchard and vineyard; adjacent to beautiful homes and in a choice neighborhood. A magnificent location for a mountain home.' Price, f6,500. Harrigan, Weidenmuller Co. 345 Montgomery St., S. V.