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SONOMA COUNTY, GEM OF NORTH BAY
REGION, LURES FARMERS FROM THE EAST Santa Rosa, : Beautiful Coun ty Seat, a "City .of Suc cess and the' Home Vof Prosperity No ..other county In California—and probably,. no ' other,;. like area"iid the whole world—contains within-Its bor ders such varieties of soil and climate as does the -county |of Bonorna. None other yields 1 such variety of products: none other „ ; affords such I 5 facility >of ' choice for the : man who would ■ make \ a home. Everything from onions to or ' anges ; grows here: and abundant | crops are *: gathered \of ?. every j sort * known to the- temperature and subtropical cli mate*. * It is not necessary tto J irrigate the soil to jproduce these -crops;"'natu ral rainfall is all sufficient. . . \,;.' '";. Not alone agriculture and ; horticul ture, but mining and; lumbering are Important industries in this; county, and manufacture have .attained* con siderable proportions, which are con stantly growing. : Fine facilities" for transportation" are one item in the list of things that have made manufactures possible and profitable. These are con stantly augmented and improved. There are three separate lines of steam rail way within the county's borders, and one electric liner I. Each of ".these: con nects with i the transcontinental rail ways and with the - bay » steamers; and one of them, the Southern Pacific line, Is itself a. continental/road. Work is now in progress upon . the extension '; of the Northwestern ■-_. Pacific Vto Eureka, which will % put another main line through Sonoma county. At all /, the ports . along the 1 coast the coastwise vessels call for cargoes. These vessels are both steam and sailing craft.- The coast line is 60 mile* long. It is indented by half a .dozen small In lets, which • 1 are porta of call for 'the little coasting vessels that carry tim ber, ; tanbark, butter, eggs, cheese, fruits and other products to t the metro politan market. >:TO the south, where the county has a shore line of 10 miles on San Pablo bay (an arm of San Fran els'- bay), are two tidal estuaries, Pet aluma '.. river and I Sonoma creek, both navigable for : a considerable distance, upon - whose - waters •* steamers and ? sail ing vessels bear a large commerce be tween San Francisco' and the interior ,of Sonoma^county/i--These' facilities are one factor in the securing of low .freight rates for Sonoma county. For example, it costs but 10 cents to ship a case of 32 dozen eggs to San Francisco by one of these routes, and the "empty, case | is E returned | toS the*::poultryman without any charge whatever. In parts of California without theserfacilities for , transportation; by water, the rail-' way tariffs are * several I times as high? ,: Sonoma's soil and climate are alike < diversified.. '. About, one-fourth of the land is :': level, about one-fourth : high hills which In the east' would -be.called mountains;:, the i other half is rolling ' land and the slightly -\ elevated£ foot hills. The valley land is a -rich allu vium; that of the foothills is also an £ alluvial soil, but with; a heavier pro portion of sand. As the heights in crease the percentage of sand increases/ and the soli Is generally of lesser depth) The high lands grow olives "arid grapes; £and where these are thousands of acres of * grain, hay and almost every sort of vegetables 7 that; grow anywhere in the! world. In; nearly "every.:■ product *of this sort, the yield of this county is at % the top or well; near: it. ; Hops,. par ticularly, are a"-product^ in which' this county leads-the a world. Few parts of the old world world or the; new give better crops of this ; com modity, and ' few hops / bring higher prices ; than j those v, of ? Sonoma /county/ Sonoma's yield of i wine grapes is the largest in the state, and table grapes are ; close second in excellence. Ber ries \of all sorts thrive lln nearly 3 all places where grapes do; and western Sonoma; county has the largest; berry patch In California. Dairying is one of the county's chief Industries; in this it ranks % third among the counties of California. Walnuts are destined to be a leading product. Fori many f years the walnuts,raised here were varieties ill ; suited to the soirandfccllmate. ; Lu ther Burbank changed that by origi mating* the; Santa Rosa soft shell and the clustered Walnut, and by discover ing :. that the ; Franquette ' (a French '' variety) * was admirably adapted to this ; locality.-/ Since the worth of these new walnuts ;has been proven, many large walnut groves have been set, which in a few years more will provide sustain ,inr 'Income * f or/tbe/bwnerK//fAYfewyof, the earliest groves; (have -already reached the age of profitable bearing, yielding a net annual return of about $250. per ton. In this the county*ex cels. The .orange cling, -.-'the* yellow cling,"; and the Wiley cling are the va rieties characteristically Sonoma h;?:at; taining prodigious; size * and: possessing a flavor- found % in , the peaches lof /few other parts of , the world- But aside from these, the Muir, Crawford. Sus quehanna, ;and many other common va rieties are her produced in quality and quantity / nowhere <: surpassed. Market gardenings Is" /an t'£ industry of recent growth, 5 which * is-aS source of-wealth" to the f growers .' of | asparagus i for mar ket. .Much of this vegetable Is -canned and much ;of ; the other products fof the county's orchards and vineyards goes to market through the medium of the canning factories.. - „ No irrigation is here required for'the : successful growing of any crop. The i rains and the dew supply all: the neces- I sary moisture. The annual rainfall is i about fj 30 inches on the average; and 1 the variation from this is never enough l to constitute either/a' flood or a drought. The county is well drained. Its largest waterway is Russian river, entering the county from the north, bending west ward and flowing into the Pacific ocean/ The lesser streams to the northward and y southward of Russian river are | tributaries f of litrg Excepting! Petaluma; Gualala and Sonoma valleys, it drains the entire county. The sources of many lof t the smaller streams are 3 mountain springs. There are also many medi cinal springs of varying analyses, whose waters are sought for the re lief of different disorders. Some of these springs are hot"; most of them are cold. Their .; mineral constituents include calcium, magnesia, soda, sul phur :ind in unwllor quantities;lronr v. ........ ~j.—.; „,.,.... ... v ■'.-:,■.:.' * nlHßpS?* s *** potassium; lithium, barium, borin and other minerals. Among the most noted ; of these springs are Mark West warm springs, „Aqua springs, the White Sulphur, Boyes' hot ■': springs, Walls' springs, the Geysers, Dytton'* and Skaggs, Fetters' springs were re cently opened. The Geysers are world | famous, not only for the medicinal ef | feet of their waters, but for the un usual phenomenon they present and the weird and picturesque scenery of their environs. Near them <is> another world famous curiosity—the -Petrified forest — a"; grove of. dead trees % turned to -stone. The agency that has ; accom plished this metamorphosis is the same that 'gives the springs their medicinal worth—the minerals held in solution by the water*, there. . " The depression through the coast range of mountains through /which Russion river finds Its way to the sea is one of the most interesting topo graphical features of the **£ country. Some of the finest redwoods in the : state are there, and some of the grand est scenery. From the wooded heights above this narrow valley, the moun tains look on, the vineyards, and the vineyards; look upon I the; sea-*-the great Pacific, whose blue expanse -rolls from here to China with its pagodas and to India, with Its white-man's burden and its tinkly temple i bells. This narrow valley, the gateway be tween the ocean : and the interior of the county, is the scene each year of a vast summer camp, where • usually" 10,000 or more people | tome to spend the summer. They come 1 f rom to San Francisco, from;all the interior coun ties, from other states, and even from l foreign countries. Rest and recrea tion are the objects of their quest ;1&n&? the. place is admirably suited to these Hunting, fishing, botanizing—all theße employments are here (•> h*> h*«'i. Boat Views of Santa Rosa, Petaluma, and their country side. ing Is here, bathing; and all the varied, employments &end amusements that 10,000 people may devise when their minds and hearts alike are bent to these things/ v . The climate of Sonoma county Is not the. same In all Its parts. That of 'the" seaboard is more uniform than that of the Interior; but In neither part is there a wide * range of conditions. Back frdm the ocean, the thermometer mounts to a temperature of 100 de grees for a few days /eaefi; sumroer-~a : temperature not reached where the ocean fogs blow In. But these figures of temperature have not the same sig nificance that they have' in the east The heat is not felt; tor the air is dry. It is humidity, rather than heat, that regulates the way people' feel.•- So, while the people of New York and Phil adelphia are dropping mi; the % streets with "heat prostrations" when the mer cury reaches 16 degrees, those Of Cal ifornia experience no discomfort what r ever when the mercury reads an even 100. Further more,/ the 5 nights lin Cali fornia are always cool. This Is true of I the | interior valleys well as of the coast: You'll need a -blanket every night lin any part of this state. Con versely, our - cool " seasons are humid, and the low temperature of 58 i degrees, which IS common in the winter time; : is here regarded as "rather chilly" weather. -/y-':, • ; v"*IBWB The difference in the seasons Is not marked here by the.same changes*that are known to the east The difference in temperature is much less, and the ciiiefi variationals in the fact that here it rarely rains in summer, while ra4n in winter is the rule. Sometimes It will rain for .an', entire week with but short intermissions. Then-will follow a week or • perhaps ' three weeks"of blear; weather, and 1 then I boot I rath£ Once I m a long while the temperature will !so low that a thin film of ■' ice will ;-.»**■■--■'. i -- • -....■•.. ■ -'.:r,:;~-,.'5,,.i-M^,r:.?ss».i-i ; be formed upon still water in exposed; [.places; I But 1 the streams ! never - freeze, ; and there is never, frost enough to in ; jure } any but the s most *v tender vegeta- I tion. Fresh vegetables are raised and ; gathered all the year,; round. On almost i ; any day in any year, 1 ripe strawberries ; i«£j|a)Sxr-;» ,!■•.»•--_?„• • •., .... may be gathered here. Flowers bloom v the* t year ,- round. p Green peas, lettuce, cabbage, and all their "lovely compan ions"' of the kitchen garden, are al ways in their prime* Still, a descrip tion of one part of California will not ; r answer for all the parts. Thiss great state, both wide and long, has in its > borders the regions of perpetual snow 'and|| the place %of g perpetual summer. And even the single county of I Sonoma 'shows such variations that it would take a dozen or more special articles to 'describe its , wonderful variety. There are "thermal belts among' the foothills that are v protected from the warm land .winds and the cool ocean tn these places there ie from ; year's end to year's end scarcely 10 : ; degrees variation of temperature. There are other places a dosen miles , I away, where the variation may to as far as 80 degrees. In the foothills } above Cloverdale, lemons and oranges are ripening in December and January, while, at the same s time 20 i miles south of there the mornings are white with frost until sun Is en hour high. The configuration of the hills is largely responsible for these differences of j climatic, conditions. The other clima |te differences between this county and th* Interior counties fareß mainly due t«> the influence of the soft rsealbreetee which blow In upon us every after noon, preventing high temperature and ! making the nights comfortable under blankets. . \ . :?SfW Sonoma's population Is a high class people. Extremes of wealth and pov ! erty are X most J rarely encountered.!? So* clal conditions are democratic. The Anglo-Saxon race is largely predomi nant, and nearly ? all I the 1 early - settlers ' came from the south and the middle I west. But there is in | thel later addi tions the blood of nearly every civilised [ race on the globe. Ail \ are * inspired by common purposes; their education hat been j* largely similar, and f clans and classes are almost entirely unknown. Taking all the people ;in the mass, they represent a high class of American ' and they are good friends 1 and neighbors I for good people to have. ! Splendid educational facilities and cul* j tured social elrcles, where art muele and literature are counted as necessi ties—these are the f charms | wherewith | Sonoma county has won a goodly num ber of her inhabitants. X '^An^ important consideration In the | choice location formal business or a I ■ home Is the' degree of facility "-with i ! which | communication may ; be v had with the rest of the world. In this respect i Sonoma county has exceptional facili ties, which are constantly , being im- ' proved. ■It is a far cry from the days of 40 : :years ago, when travelers from Santa "Rosa to San Vrai"-':^, journeyed by ' ■ ■?- '•" s' - . 5--- ,; r5 s .jsfeM ' V.: -, . ; \ *<:J; r ':;;.-' «•"",.; '-...v..- -■'. >> - ■''. -. . V'Lt-.i :■::..* .^: ; .... ■ stage to Petaluma. It is said that In rainy weather they paid a dollar and a half for the privilege of walking be hind the stage and carrying a fence rail to be used as a lever In lifting the 'stage out of-the mud. At', Petaluma they took the little steamer, which landed them in San Francisco about six hours later. Total time on the trip, from 10 to 12 hours. They had choice of another route, by way of Vallejo— staging to Napa via Sonoma, taking the cars at Napa for Vallejo, and landing in San Francisco' after a four or five hour steamer voyage from- that port. Time about %l 4 l hours. ""> , . - , ~ &%&£ There has been : . a.- constant increase in facilities, a constant shortening of time and a constant decrease in fares ever since the first train ran over the now Northwestern Pacific In IS7O. Be fore that time the traveler from Santa Rosa to San Ffsneisco encountered figures like these: Distance, either 80 Or 100 miles, according, to the .route chosen; time, from 10 to IS, hours, ac«" cording to luck; fare, about ts6.>: Now it is: Distance, 52 miles; time, 2 hours and 80 minutes; fere, $1.25. " .*' ,-<'osM There : re ■' now in : Sonoma county ' four competing rftllway systems, and ; the prospect is that within the next few years there will be five. The first, line built was the San Fran cisco and 3 Northern Pacific (now known a* the Northwestern Pacific; in 1170, extending from;: Santa Rosa to Donahue Landing and eonecting there with the ferry.steamer for San v Francisco. The trip; by; this,, route the required four hours. This road has since been ex tended to Sherwood, norths of Wilms, In Mendocino county, and -Is - rapidly being pushed on. to Eureka. Humboldt county, at a cost of some $9,000,000, and the southern terminus has been changed to Sausalito, In.Marin county, shortening Athe: time from Santa Rosa to Sat* Francisco to 3 hours and g2O minutes. This road has also built branches from Sgnacio to Glen »cilen. from Santa Rosa to Sebastopol and from Fulton * to ausrnevillo and. Duncan Mills, and also % operates ta : direct line from San \ Francisco ito Nape. Altogether ;tft#||forihwe»tertt|P»«lfle« opera tes«l94 mllei of track, most of which is In Sonoma county. Its service Is excellent and its fares tow. SANTA ROSA CENTER OF A PROSPEROUS COUNTRY Santa Rosa, the hub. the center, the county seat and the principal town of Sonoma county. is a ./beautiful /ami thoroughly modern city of some ten thousand Inhabitants, and is growing rapidly. It is located in the middle af the rich;and i fertile Santa Rosa valley and 'almost in the exact geographical center iof the county. - _'*-". From it competing railroads reach out in every . direction, .-'north, -south/ -•-'''''■'" ' - <3*jßß** The San Francisco Sunday Call east;and west supplying a large trade and bringing every portion ' of - the county In close touch. '- * Santa Rosa enjoys the reputation of being I one tof X the most ; desirable resi- > dence towns any where In the west. ' Its splendid hotels, magnificent I public buildings, modern stores and business houses— say. nothing of its well paved streets, artistic rose gardens and handsome homes—are a revelation to most people who come here. The place has more the air and appearance of a city than of a growing western" town. It is a place where life !in ; Cali fornia is seen at its best. ; Through -What is almost the center of the city flows Santa Rosa Creek, 'a beautiful and picturesque stream which has its source in the mountains east or the city, and . empties into Lake Jonive, sometimes: known as the I.a guna, 10 miles west. ' Artistic bridges Span ji this k well » f wooded i. water ; course in many different places,'*: giving ; ; the ■scene',a touch ■of natural beauty that is ; most alluring., - . ;;- And Santa Rosa is not onfy a - of great natural beauty and of mod«/rn style and appearance; It Is also a town of Smodern ideas, well equipped for a thoroughly modern atyle of living. It boasts two 5 new and completely ap pointed hotels that would be a credit to a town many times its siae. , The city owns Its own water system, and supplies the finest *of f clear cold water free for domestic purposes 'toJall Its inhabitants. Its schools ar*- ■". •; recog- j nlied as among the best in the state, while its churches are dignified, beau tiful and imposing. The fire alarm system extends to J every corner of the city, and X the department lls 3 equipped throughout with the very latest and most approved ; fire fighting machin ery, including steamers and automobile . chemical fire engine. The city's sewer system is the best that money; can : pro vide, the sewerage being disposed of on the municipal sewer farm by the mod ern septic % method, r* On " another * piece of property owned by the municipality Is located the city crematory, where garbage is disposed of by inclneratjon. Santa Rosa is 52 miles distant from San Francisco by the California North western, 75 miles by the Southern Pa cific, and 64 by the electric road. The Southern Pacific affords direct com munication with 'the state capital and with all parts of the east, while the-' Northwestern gives the quickest ser vice to and from San Francisco and the northern part of this county and with Mendocino; . the. Petaluma and Santa Rosa road gives an excellent in terurbkn and local service. I An exten sion of this road is soon to be made to Point Pedro, in Marin - county, which will shorten the ferriage, and reduce the time Id San Francisco* over this road % very materially. /^i^j^m/^j^Mm There art- five banks In Santa Rosa, with deposits aggregating close on to $5,000,000.*; ; The assessed valuation of property within" the corporate -UHAHs.vi according to the city assessor's figures for the fiscal year of 1911-12, was' 16.197,634. The suburbs, not Incorpor ated but included within the school dis trict, showed a of ? about one million more. "