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THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL
-AJ? ©DEPENDENT NEWS?AfER— THE PAPER OF AUTHORITY* rOTJNDEP DECXMJEB I, HM W. W. CHIPIN, Publisher Captain Mooney and the System The grand jury is indebted to Captain of Detectives John Mooney for information both interesting and valuable. The chief of the detective bureau has aroused lane interest of the grand jury by the reiteration of his statements that the police "system" is the pro duct of practical political domination of the depart ment. Seemingly he has convinced the members of the grand jury that he knew what he was talking about when lie sai.l that Chief White's "legal technical ities" excuse for the continuance of illegal gam bling in San Francisco, was nonsense. A few days ago Captain Mooney said that ihe suppression of gambling in San Francisco was the '"easiest thing in the world." As concrete evidence of the soundness of his proposition the Captain has invited the attention of the grand jury to what has been accomplished under the compulsion of outraged-public opinion. All that Captain Mooney has said about the suppression of gambling has long been perfectly obvious to every one except Chief White. What Captain Mooney says about the police "vvvtcm" being the creation of practical politicians has been equally obvious to San Franciscans who have seen the office of chief of police peddled and dominated by the masters of San Francisco's under world. Captain Moonev is disappointing only in the matter of furnishing detailed information about the "system." The grand jurymen and the people gen erally do not need the statements of Captain Moonev to convince them of the existence of a "system." Its work has been apparent for years, to the • shame and humiliation of the decent men and women of San Francisco. A little detailed information about the workings of the system has enabled the people to put one policeman in Folsom prison; five in the county jail and secure the conviction of two more on con spiracy charges. The people want more information about the system. They want the information that will en able them to send the men responsible for the pro tection of gamblers, white slavers, pickpockets and porch climbers to join the bunko policemen in prison. They want to know who are the men outside the police department responsible for the system. They want to know the men in the department who are responsive to the orders of the system. Captain Mooney knows something about tfte system. The people are justified in the belief that he know s more than he has disclosed by his reiter ated general statements. The people are entitle.l to know a!! that Cap tain Mooney knows, affecting the integrity of their police department. Captain Moonev has either talked too much or too little. Xo one is prepared to believe that he does not know more than he has It is the duty of Captain Moonev ami of cverv , honest man on the police force to tell what they •know of the system, regardless of whom their dis closures may strike. 1 he people will not be mollified by the exposure and punishment of a few tools of the system. They know the system can only be stamped out by the exposure and punishment of the men behind it; the higher ups. And none is high enough to escape the just 'wrath of the people if the men in the department w ho prefer to be honest will tell what they know. Mr. Daniels is Too Modest 2yJ| Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels has become an active member of the cabinet tourist club founded by Secretary of State Brvan. There is nothing selfish in the itinerary of Sec retary Daniels. If is little trips are not actuated by ihe scratching of the wolf at the door of the Daniels homestead. Nothing like that. Mr. Daniels goes a nipping merely because travel is an unavoidable consequence of his determination to regenerate the American navy. lie admits that he has invested the naval estab lishment with an unprecedented popularity in the east. Tie is on his way to the Pacific coast to per form a like good office for the western fleet and its ?ppurtcnauces. Mr. Daniels fitted himself for the regeneration ol the American navy at the editorial desk. He knows as much about the value of advertising as he does about the comparative merits of dread noughts and armored cruisers. Wherefore Mr. Daniels, tarrying for the mo ment in C hicago, deemed it only fair that he explain through the newspapers the methods he had em ployed to induce the American youth to flock to his recruiting stations in unprecedented numbers. He told the reporters that his navy henceforth v as to be a citizen builder as well as a trainer of sailors and fighting men. He had arranged to enable young men enlisting in the navy to choose one of twenty-one trades, some of them semiprofessions, in which they were to be taught coincident to their service. Always excepting the few modest words touch ing his own executive originality Mr. Daniels per mitted to be dragged from him, his talk to the newspaper men was very much like the official ad vending for recruits employed by the navy depart ment for a decade. All the trades mentioned by Secretary Daniels THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, EDITORIAL PAGE, JULY 19, 1913 Victim of a System y Charles S. Mellen. president of the Xew York. Xew Haven and Hartford Kailroad company, i has resigned, it may be said has been made to re jsign, the office he has hel l for 10 years past, and he |is also under ind'etment for violating the federal lanti-trust laws, and for manslaughter. Forced out of his life's work as he approaches old age, and under indictments, both civil and crim inal, Mr. Mellen's lot is an unhappy an:l miserable one. For this the system under which he was brought up is more to blame than he is personally, as the things he did were the things that seemed natural, proper and legal for him to do. Mr. Mellen was for a good man}' voars a familiar figure on the Pacific coast, as he was for some vcars I president of the Xorthern Pacific, where he made such a reputation as r. competent and efficient rail road man that he was picked by the late Pierpont Morgan as the best man to reorganize and c >n> plcte the Xew Haven system. The truth is that Mr. Mellen is about the last of the "public be damned" style of railroad presi dent. Brought up in that school he has not yet been able to fully comprehend that the old order has changed: that the public has learned to say tiie railroad be damned and has pretty nearly made some of them so. He has not shown the silghtest sympathy with the wishes and desires of either the traveling or the shipping public, and in all things has acted in the old fashioned way, as if the rail- J roa.l were a pocket piece of those who controlled its affairs, and not a public service corporation re sponsible primarily to the public, whence it derives its existence. * In all its life the interstate commerce commis sion has criticised no railroad management as it has that of Mr. Mellen. Ihe recent report, written by Commissioner j Prouty. is full of bitter irony and burning sarcasm jat Mr. Mellen's personal expense, a most unusual i performance tor that usually judicially dignified : body. The friends of Mr. Mellen, and they arc nianv, will regret the trouble in which he finds himself, but in view of his reckless financiering, his appar ent indifference to the disasters which have made his road a national disgrace, his retirement will be a public benefit. have been enumerated in large type and patriotic colored ink on the billboard paper used by the de partment for years. If Mr. Daniels has added anything besides the ingenuousness of his statement to the navy trade school situation, that addition was not fairly dis closed by his Chicago interview. Editor Daniels seems to have more faith in the bread winning potentialities of his circulation than Editor Bryan, but as his own personal press agent the secretary of the navy is as sadly deficient in that nicety of discrimination which marks the ambidex trous work of the secretary of state. Obviously the extraordinary number of enlist ments mentioned by Mr. Daniels are but evidence of the impelling magnetism of the new secretary's personality and not the harvest of the manual train ing adjunct of the navy, so recently discovered by him. New York 'Change Seats La<=t week the news was heralded that a scat on the Xew York Stock exchange had sold for $37,000, the lowest price in recent years. This week the price has again been lowered by a thou sand dollars. Only a few years ago these same seats sold well up tOWafd a hundred thousand dollars, nearly three for one. That was in the days of wild speculation. The meaning is that the artificial value, the water, has been squeezed out of a stock exchange seat value just as it has been out of the stocks in which the holder of the seat speculated. The lowering of the prices of seats on the ex change is a good sign of sound business conditions. It does not mean that business itself is bad; far from it. There is. and probably always will be. a stock exchange, so long, at any rate, as business is conducted as it is today. Stock exchange operations have always been in two classes, the legitimate or actual buying and selling of stocks and the illegitimate or pure gam bling transaction. Gambling in stocks probably never will be in dulged in again in the future as it has been in the past, for the sound reason that, if congress passes a currency reform bill, as it should, the money of the nation will never again be piled up in New York banks, as it has hitherto been, an.l be loaned to the stock gamblers. This will reduce the opportunity to gamble in stocks on other people's money which the Xew York banks have afforded to the speculators. Here after, if the federal reserve bank plan is adopted, the money of the central west, of the south and of the Pacific coast will be kept at work where it \ ill do the most good—at home—and of, course the price of Xew York Stock exchange seats will reach a normal level. Queen Sophia of Greece has asked for a consignment of American chewing gum to relieve thirst of soldiers in the held. Next fall watch for the brand indorsed: "The kind the queen of Greece chews." The plucky women who convinced the United Rail roads that beach means beach in their case certainly knew the meaning of the word when they saw it on the cars. American* drank seven million gallons more whisky in the last year than in the year before, and yet Jack London in his John Barleycorn says he has quit. i or sale, cheap—A f«W charters for "social clubs.*' Reason for sale, raided by the police. LOBBY GOSSIP Japan Will Not War With U. S. C. D. C. Bridge of Dondon. a retired officer of the British navy, who is making a tour of the I'nited States, says that Japan would not dare to take up arms against the United States Captain Bridge, who is a guest at the Palace, says: "Japan would not, dare not, go to war with the I'nited States because by so doing she would involve Eng land, and there is no power on earth that would cause England to make war on the United States. Tou see. Great Britain has a treaty with Japan that would, in my view of the situation, prevent Japan from attacking the I'nited States, and Japan would not dare to break with England. The Eng lish people practically are of the same race as all of the people of the United States; In fact, we are practically one people, and the ties of friendship are growing stronger all the time. "It seems to me that the Canadian government is making a mistake— though, of course, it is not for me to criticise—ln favoring the building of a navy in Canada. She has neither the harbor nor the material to construct battleships, it would be much better and cheaper to have ships built in Eng land, which is the view taken by the opponents of the Canadian govern ment's policy." Dike most of the Englishmen who come to the United States, Captain Bridge deprecates the methods of the English militants. In speaking of this problem which faces the people of Eng land, Captain Bridge said: "Of course, woman suffrage is bound to come, but the women are holding back their cause. They have alienated many of their friends by violence. Many remedies for their militancy have heen suggested. Some even favor put ting them in insane asylums, and that's where they belong. I think. Most of them are crazy, and the others will be this way, too, unless they change their habits and associations. Had it not been for the violence of the women the present parliament might have given them equal suffrage within a short time." "One can not help but be pleased with America," Captain Bridge said. "The people are very hospitable, and their sincerity is bound to impress a for eigner." Mexicans Blame Americans Clarence Ellis, a well known insur ance and real estate man, who has just returned from a visit to Mexico, says that that country is no place for an American and that the Mexicans (in everything possible, even to mur der, to convince the American citizen that he is not wanted. In speaking of conditions in Mexico at the St. Fran cis yesterday, Mr. Ellis said: "No matter what happens !n Mexico, especially the northern and western parts of the country, an American is I'lamod for it. If the rebels win a victory, the other side say that Ameri cans fought against them. Tf the reb els lose a battle, it Is because the Amer icans plotted against them. I think the United States will have to inter vene, and the sooner lt is done the better it will be for everybody, in cluding Mexico Itself. The poorer • lasses in Mexico would sooner take part in a war than have peace. The poorer males have an opportunity to commit robbery and even murder with out fear of punishment. ' Many private uuarrels are settled with a rifle bullet or a long knife. Many American prop erties have been destroyed, as you well know. The reason for the destruc tion of this great amount of property was in the main due to the fact that the Americans refused to contribute to the war fund. One mine I have in mind, valued at more than $1,000,000. was completely wrecked —that Is, the shaft and tunnels were filled in when the mine was dynamited and the build ings on the property were burned— but had the owners of the mine paid a large sum of money the property might have been left alone. "Our party was held up three times while traveling on horseback a distance of about 75 miles by Mexican brigands. It makes no difference who you are, if you have any money or valuables on you and you travel over the road, you are very lucky If you are not halted at the muzzles of rifles and robbed. Many Americans have been thrown into jail during this revolution for simply having been seen talking together in the streets. 1 spent sev eral unpleasant days in a vile prison, and had lt not been for influential Mex ican friends of mine I might have been held in jail until now. "It would not surprise me if Euro pean powers forced the United States to step into Mexico and force a settle ment of the present revolution. There will always be revolutions in Mexico as long as outsiders are not prevented from supplying arms, money and muni tions to every Tom, Dick and Harry who wants political control of the country. This la the principal thing that the United States should take steps to prevent." LITTLE MOVIES Domestic Amenities "If 1 had known I was to marry your whole family," said Binks ruefully, "I'd never have wasted seven dollars on an engagement ring for you." "No?" said Mrs. Binks, coldly. "No," said Binks. "I'd have bought ■ 7"i cent belt big enough to circum scribe the whole crowd." —Harper's Weekly. Parcel Post "Mail heavy this week. Hiram?" Tt is that." responded the rural postmaster. "Two grindstones and a post hole digger, by gosh!"— Kansas City Journal. Unreal Estate "What lias become of Wombat f lie used t.i he a great one for building castles in the air." "He's, still in that sort of real »»i«t» hupiness. Sold me a lot recently in a that doesn't exist."—Kansas City JournaL Voice of the People Says Game Law Is Unpopular Editor Oal! Tiie petition for a ref erendum vote on the no sale of game law recently enacted, was circulated for the first time in this city, Oakland, and the surrounding communities on Tuesday. We secured 11.210 names. What they did in the rest of the state we don't know as yet, but if everybody is as glad outside of the city to sign it as they are here, we could get 100,000 names instead of 30,000 that, we require. Mr. Cook of the Fairmont, Mr. Kirk patrick of the Palace. Mr. Wood of the St. Francis. Mr. Tait of Tait & Zinkand are also watching the progress of events with a good deal of interest, they being present or represented at the meeting of the combined associa tions of hotel keepers, restaurant keep ers and produce dealers which was held at the Fairmont on the 14th. Mr. Harry Hammond of Byron is one of the country hustlers who is creating a vacuum by his rapid progress from poin 4 . to point in the interest of the petition. The southern part of the state has been pretty well looked after by Mr. E. W. Cason, secretary of the Southern California Hotel Keepers' as sociation, who is working in conjunc tion with th* agents for the wholesale houses in Los Angeles and San Diego. All through the country districts the individual ranchers are pretty well stirred up. Each is acting as a com mittee of one to secure signers. They are all particularly interested in tiie repeal of this law, as it hits the farmer harder than it does any one else and it does seem a shame that a flock of wild geese could land on a rancher's place, practically destroy everything green that there was on the ranch, and yet if the farmer killed any of this game, he would not be allowed an op portunity to dispose of it with a profit to himself to recompense him for the damage that had been done, as he would be liable to severe penalties in the event he shipped any of the game You might think it an exageration if I would tell you some of the circum stances that I know personally as to the damage that has been caused the farmer and rancher by game, and while I do not myself believe or advocate the indiscriminate killing of game on this account, I do believe that the far mer should be allowed to take ad vantage of the gifts that providence has placed at his door for him, to se cure a few of the comforts which with him are far between. The law as it now stands means if a citizen of San Francisco went to another county on a hunting trip, killed some geese and ducks and wished to send them to his family, he would commit a crime if he shipped them. Does this not seem ri diculous? JOHN F. CORRIKA. San Francisco, July 16. The Man for the Job In certain circles the word "seed" is used to describe a man who invariably loses money in a poker game, the Idea being that the poor, miserable wretch is the seed from which develops a fine crop of money for the good players, Frank I. Morse, who hails from Florida and tours the country heavily disguised as a high strung southern gentleman, is known everywhere he goes as "Seed Morse." One day in Xew York last February some of Morse's friends were discuss ing who would be in Woodrow Wil son's cabinet. "I'll tell you," said one of the friend*, "how we can fM! one job. Let's write a letter to Wilson recommending, be cause of his extraordinary knowledge of se«d snd plants-. Se,-d Morse for sec retary of agriculture."—The Popular Magazine. Hands Off! EDUCATING "EXCEPTIONAL" CHILDREN "it is often the exceptionally bright child, even the genius, whom we find on the wrong side," says Dr. Maxi- millan P. E. Gmszmann. discussing the education of exceptional children in the annual report of the Fnited .States commissioner of education, just issued. "The stupid and weak minded criminal is not as dangerous as the clever and intellectual criminals." Doctor Groszniann urges that pub lic attention he directed to all types of exceptional children, not merely to the feeble minded and degenerate, who, no matter how undesirable a factor they may be in society, are by no means the whole problem. He points out that the problem of the exceptional child is by no means merely tiie prob lem of the ''defective" or the "sub normal" or the "abnormal" child. Often it is a esse of misdirected ability on the part of a gifted mind, or the problem of child growth and develop ment as affecting criminal tendencies. Sometimes it is vocational failure, due to improper vocational education, or lt may be a problem arising from racial differences, together with the diffi culties of social adjustment in a nation which has grown through immigra tion. Real progress, particularly in dis tinguishing between the various types of exceptional children, is reported by Doctor Orozsmann. He considers the ANSWERS TO QUERIES DAYS OF THE WEEK ■—E. St., Mill Valley. The names of the days of the week commencing with Monday in each language a«ked for are: In French —Lundi. Mardi. Mercredl. .Tend!. Yen dredl. Samedi. Dimanehe; in Spanish—lames. Martes, Miereoles, Jueves, Viernes, Sabsdo, Do mingo: in Italian—Luncdl. Marted!, Mercoled:. Gloved!. Venerdl. Sabato. Domenlca. Sunday was named for the sun: Monday for the moon; Tuesday for Mars; Wednesday for Mercury; Thursday for Thor ; Friday for Venus, and Saturday for Saturn. This U according to the old Roman nomination, with the exception of Thursday. The early Scandinavians had the same as to Sunday and Monday. Tuesday was dedicated to Ttiesco, the first leader of war against the Teutons; Wednesday to Woden, a god of the northern nations; Thursday to the god Thors; Friday to Frlga. the goddess of love, and Saturday to Seater, the god of crops, fruit, etc. RI.A'K INDIA—J. W. W.. City Newcastle on Tyne is called "Black India" because of tbe coals brought from there. None of the books make any mention that the cities of Sutherland and Shields at the mouth of the River Tyne are called "the black Indies." Possibly some reader of this department can inform the correspondent why. If they are so called. THE STATE PRESS Iran Canyon Dam The Iron canyon dam project is tak ing on new life with the agitators be low the site, and It is boastfully as serted that work on lt will be under way before the rainy season sets in. Them dam enthusiasts down there don't give a dam for our interests up here because they will be by a damite better off. —Cottonwood Knterprise. Oroville's Wealthy Citizens Whenever a citizen of Oroville reg isters at a San Francisco hotel the papers of that city, in mentioning it. dub him a heavy stock holder in a dredger company. On behalf of those who are not Stock holders the Mercury enters a protest.—Oroville Mercury. San Pablo's Improvement At last San Pablo, Pullman and the district from East Itichmond to th» Santa Fe travks north and west of san Pablo are to have a rural free mail de livery.—Richmond Independent. great lesson of the year to be the heed for intelligent, united effort on the part of educators, medical men. social workers, charity organizations, welfare societies, juvenile courts and other agencies that have been active in the endeav or to remedy early neglect of exceptional conditions. His point Is that e4ch of these separate agencies is doing commendable work, but that they must now Join forces. Doctor Grozsmann uks compulsory education for all children, "excep tional" as well as others. He contends that it Is a mistake to exempt the ex ceptional child from the compulsory law. He declares: "The very chilren who need special attention and who [may become burdens and dangers to society are dependent for their educa tion, special training and custody upon the good will of their parents, who are often enough disinclined to follow I the right course. We need legislation which would establish the right of the commonwealth to direct the education I and training of every child and which I would secure to the state and munlcl j pality an authority which can not h* J superceded by parental prejudice. "We [ also need legislation which would es tablish such a board or boards as can I regulate and determine the disposition which is to be made of every child ac ! cording to his need and the good of I the community." VAMI.LA—N. R. E., City. Tha plant from which fa obtained the Tanllla bean, from which the flavoring extract of commerce ia produced, la a native of the southeastern portion of Mexico. It was flrat desribed by Bernhardlno da Sahagan. a Franciscan friar, in 1375. and was considered of great medicinal value. For thla reason many attempts were made to cultivate It In En rope, but without success. Its cultivation in tropical countries has since that time attained great mag nitude, but In all cases the product has fallen short of the superior flavor of the native Mexican bean. It Is grown commercially In Reunion, Mauritius and tbe Tahiti islands. The Mexican product, however, still retains Its superiority, and commands the best price. FORT GT'NNYBAGS—n. M. X.. City. 'Tort Gunnybsgs" of vigilance rommittea fima of 1*561, in San Francisco, was in Sacramento ■tren below Front, not Id Clay street, at was repre sented to you. Tiie bronxe tablet that was on the committee building, when It was deatroytd by the lire of lOOtl. was "p'rked up by aom» relic seeker, but was recovered from and turned OT*r to the historical branch of the Native Sons. KETCH KETCH Y-W., Berkeley. Hetch Hetchy is pronounced as written. It is an Indian term and means mighty wind. SHARP POINTS I Women Ambassadors Some day a sensible president will name a woman as ambassador. Rich women have a good deal of leisure and can put it all over a mere man at en tertaining.—Boston Advertiser. —— Better Than Tariff Voting Investigating itself may not be sj pleasant task, but probably the senate likes it better than voting on the tariff. —Cleveland leader. ' * at — City Fiction The most widely disseminated Action in this city, though not the best seller, is the card in the streetcars declaring that those who spit on the floor will be arrested and fined.—Cleveland Leader. A National Mistake It was the appearance of the bride groom which led that reporter into the error of referring to a wedding cere niony as the "obsequies.'"—Philadelphia ' Inquirer.