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First Reform the Men, Then Women Will Be Good, Says Mary Austin PRISONS NOT REMEDY FOR ERROR; SOCIETY MUSI OISCOVER NEW METHODS Continued From Page 1 fuiences of such act are as certain and as widely known as the con sequences of infection. The "knowledge which these young; people had did not pene trate to or affect their love lif. .Here society must hold itself somewhat to blame. KNOWLEDGE ENOUGH FOR PROTECTION There is knowledge enough in the world as to the nature of the. responsibilities that are tied up with loving, and of the far reaching effects of the wrong love relation, to safeguard all the young-people of the world, if we could only get it to them. And it is our duty to get it to them! They have a right to instruction in the proper conduct of their love life as to a knowledge of physics or geometry. J want to emphasize the difference I make in the use of the terms "sex" and "love life." Sex is not big enough, as it is gener ally understood, to embrace all the social and personal relations and obligations that arise out of loving. One of the first things a writer of fiction learns is the extraordinary ignorance of the ma jority of people of human exigencies outside of their own experi ence. OLD METHODS NOT SATISFACTORY For this reason alone, the old way of leaving instruction in the importan issues of life to the parents has not proved satis factory^ In many cases the parents do not know how to help their children meet crises they have not themsel evsmet. They lack knowledge of. social conditions and the teaching art. For telling young people that life is thus and so is not always teaching them. Things lik this are never really taught until they are taken into the working consciousness of the individual. Here in-America we spend a great dal on our young gnera tlon. It behooves us as a business people to spend a little more time and consideration to prevent their making a fiasco of their lives, as in the present instance. For that is the outcome of the whole affair. YOUNG MEN HAVE WASTED LIVES These young men, because of a certain failure of efficiency in only one department of their lives, have not only damaged the women to whom they were related and the children they begot, but they have wasted thmslvs. No on yet knows what is to be the practical outcome of this case, but one thing is certain, for several years at least, Maury I. Diggs and Drew Caminetti are not going to be of much use to us. The judge in his charge to the jury advised them that it would not be well to allow pity and sympathy for the families of the defendant to influence their decision. In this he was only ex pressing himself in keeping with the spirit of the age, which, is to sink the personal emotion in the consideration of public welfare. LEGITIMATE USE OF COMPASSION But there is a legitimate use to be made of the compassion aroused by the distress of the families of the convicted men. It can be used to spur up public interest to the point of some definite movement toward the prevention of such distress in other "homes for the future. This sorrow is not the only sorrow which has come of men failing to see that common fairness, honesty, self-control and intel ligence are required of them in love as well as in business. The third phase of the situation is one which for the present must be met by one man, and without the help of a well defined current of public opinion, the movement of which he might subcon sciously feel. This one man is the judge who must pronounce sen tence on the convicted parties. His predicament is most serious, for not every way is open to him, and there is no way in the world by which punishment can be accomplished that will not add to the distress of those already injured. HERE IS PROBLEM OF SOCIETY This is the immediate problem of society. If we are to under take to deal with crimes and misdemeanors of this type on the &asis of social loss and gain, we must provide ourselves with a means of correction which will not carry the loss still further in directions' where we can least afford it. As matters now stand the maximum penalty incurred by one of the defendants is a fine of $20,000 or 20 years in the penitentiary, for the other there is a max imum of $5,000 or five years. Considered as an equivalent for injury jnflicted, this is not excessive. Not one of the women involved is likely to get off with as little as five years of unhapiness. The real difficulty is that nigther fine nor imprisonment can be inflicted on the con victed men without visiting it directly on the women who have already suffered most sorely. The chief reason why society should be concerned with bringing offenders of this type to book is that the voting families may be protected. WIVES SUFFER WITH HUSBANDS But how can you fine a man $5,000 and not at the same time fine his wife? An how can you shut him away from society without at the Same time cutting off her means of support? Considered apart, restricting the social privileges of people who have proved unworthy of them sen\s logical. But when such restriction operates to the further injury of those it was expressly designed to protect, that is another proposition. One hing society is agreed upon, and this is. that when a man has solemnly contracted with a woman to undertake the rearing of a family, and the woman has gone so far that she can not pos sibly withdraw from it. the man must not be allowed to neglect his part of the contract. We are also rapidly agreeing that love life is susceptible to the same degree of direction and control as avarice; anger, money lust and ail the other passions of mankind. The point at which such direction or control is to be exerted fmm the outside is still matter for debate, as is also the question of means and methods. PROTECTION OF FAMILIES THE OBJECT It is at just this point we begin to realize how ineffectively we are getting at it. The objection we have most in view is the protection of the family. Any corrective measures must not only bring home his inoquity to the offender, but must be designed to cure him of the disposition toward future lapses. To do this many more things must be known which can not properly be made a subject of investigation by the court. It should certainly )>c known if the offense were the first of the kind, or whether a still deeper strain of depravity had ben indicatd. There were items at this trial from which such an inference could be drawn. This could have nothing to do with fixing the guilt of the formal accusation, but it would be important in attempting a "cure. It would also be indispensable to know if there were any contributory' circumstances, such as a habit of drink. The connection between drink and lewdness is well estab lished by all students of either evil. In many cases, undoubtedly, loose habits of living wholly disappear with the cure of a drinjc habit. There would certainly other things develop which would indicate" a reasonable method of dealing with the particular case. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1913. Mary Austin Says Social Uplift Will Be Obtained by Newspapers Educating People By MARY AUSTIN My undertaking to write three articles for The Call on the social aspects of the Diggs-Caminetti trials is not a thing that just "hap pened," nor had I any idea of taking up that sort of writing as "work." It was the result of a series of experiments in getting at the public with matters relating to the welfare of women in general. I felt that I had things to say that should be said directly. I tried talking to women's club*, but I soon found that I was meeting there only women of about my own range of education and experience, who judged my talk more as a perfprmance than as an expression of reality. And in the meantime I saw, as every writer of fiction does, that more people were making failures of their lives from ignorance of the principles of human conduct than from any other cause. While I was in New York I was interviewed a great many times, and learned that by taking a little pains I could get anything that was sincere and sound said in a newspaper. I learned also that the women who read those interviews were such as I couldn't get at in any other way. So I was prejudiced in favor of the newspapers when The Call asked me to undertake this subject. I have spent a great deal of time studying love and marriage and the family, and knew-things which I thought some people ought to hear. Perhaps I was a little influenced by the fact that my lit erary work keeps me in New York so much that I have little oppor tunity to vote, and I take very kindly to my new privileges of citi zenship. What I have said on the Diggs-Caminetti case is my vote on matters that I think of great importance and is offered as an act of citizenship. It has been a gratification to see the way prominent women in San Francisco have understood and accepted my motive and agreed with my views. But I should have expressed them just the same, whether any body agreed with them or not. It is not every woman who is able to say what she thinks on subjects of this nature, and the duty of saying them devolves on women who feel so sure of being right that it overcomes their natural shyness of the subject. Now that I have done my part I shall go back to my literary work and trust that when the occasion demands it some other woman will come forward in my place. The human mind is not a very well mapped region, but sci ence is surely demonstrating that it is a region in which things happen by laws which may be definitely known. At the Rocke feller institute they are attempting a scientific study of the causes of waywardness in girls. This is really an unscientific way of going at the subject, for the reports of the Rockefeller vice com mission plainly show that the primary cause in an overwhelming percentage of cases is waywardness in man. For the reform of the social evil we must begin, not with the victim but the instigator. The officer of the juvenile court who testified in this case reported that one of the "young girls" in question is now in a reformatory. Wouldn't it, on the whole, have been *viser to hurry the man who was the occasion of her fall* off to another reformatory? Why were the men involved allowed to go free, to accomplish, as they did in a disgustingly short time, the ruin of other girls? It is time we abated our honor at the facts of such cases, in favor of some common sense method of dealing with them. PENITENTIARY NOT THE REMEDY One thing is evident—putting a man in a penitentiary to make jute bags for the state is not the best way to induce him to take a proper interest in his family, nor is it wist to establish any equivalence of money and virtue by forcing him to pay a fine. But the law allows almost no discretion to the judg*. It is our business to take up this aspect of the situation and find the remedy. Assuming the responsibility of determining when men go wrong implies an obligation to show them reason ably how to go right. The Diggs-Caminetti case will have done a great deal for us if it awakes us to the absolute need of a com petent commission, not so much to report on the existence of vice as on methods of curing it. "IS NEAR VICTORY," SAYS CAMINETTI Continued From Page 1 tlon at 2 o'clock. Another vote on the first count found the paper show ing ten for conviction to two for ac quittal. Tkey went down the !fne, balloting on the second, third and fourth counts. On the counts that concerned Marsha Warrington, Cami netti was declared innocent. As to the persuading of Lola Nor ris, there was a split, the ballot standing seven for conviction to five for acquittal. The Jury proceeded to tie itself into a knot, arguing intent and purpose and decided to come "in for further instructions. They were in the box at 3:21. FOREMAN RAISES POINT Michaels asked the judge regard ing Intent before and after crossing the state line. Judge Van Fleet ex plained it wm necessary that the im moral purpose of the trip be at least coexistent with the Journey. The Jurist added the very important com ment that the acts that transpired after the arrival of the party at Reno were open for the inspection of the Jury in deducing the secret or silent motive of the men in making the trip before it was begun. The moot point gave young Cami netti and his friends hope. They sighted a disagreement. And when the Jury retired at 3:36, and the steel faced clock In the grim and gaudy courtroom moved around the circle twice, smiles broadened. Carolnettl's nervousness gave over to quietness. His counsel told funny stories. LAW WAS MISAPPLIED That the Mann act was not en acted to prosecute such cases as the one in question was the general opinion of the Jurors. They wanted to be as lenient as possible. When they retired a second time the big discussion was clemency, only two Jurors being insistent that Caminetti be given the limit of the law. To be true to their oaths and the instructions of the court, the Jury found it necessary to convict Cami netti on one count. It was a "gentle man's agreement" that a guilty vote on the one count meant acquittal on the other three. That was the way it went through. Lola Norria was considered only human in her lies to save herself and Caminetti when she made her first public statement on the train. It le true that the Jury believed the girls frank story of her fight for her honor that was successful until she took the Reno trip. CUM GRAKO SALIS "Cum grano salis" is the opinion the jury had of Marsha Warrington's tale. In the Jury room some were confident Miss Warrington persuaded Miss Norrls to leave Sacramento. Both the girls were viewed in the light of what the lawyers call "parti ceps crlmlnls," which means "partners in crime." "Tf the boys had the immoral in tent before they left Sacramento, the girl* must have had It, too. They all took the flyer after they had been hashing it over for a week. They knew exactly what was going to hap pen," one juror explained It. Caminetti did not change expression when the verdict was read His wife bowed her head. When she raised her head her face was flushej. Hl3 little baby, Naomi, 4 years old, romped about the floor, throwing her doll about and prattling happily. Some times the little child remembered the crowd and became embarrassed. But she did not know what it all means to her. The elder Mrs. Caminetti heard the verdict In the witness room. She did not repeat her demonstration of the previous day. She had herself in good control, and In a minute was bustling about like a Spartan mother, arranging the bond. CommendatoreTheodore Bacigalupi, one of the leaders of the Italian col ony, and Frank J. Freeman of Wil lows, a well known attorney, signed the 110,000 bond paper. <a.vn it*s over "It is certainly some relief to have this thing over with," said Drew Cam inetti. "In a way I think the Jury acquitted me. They found me guilty I of aiding in the transportation of this | girl for an immoral purpose, but said I did not persuade or Induce her to go. In other words, she was as ready to go as I was, and knew what the result would be. I claim there could !'be no conviction on the first count if there is no purpose. The verdict is something of a paradox. They haven't got me licked yet, though, remember ' that!" Before Judge Van Fleet Wednesday the trial of Diggs and his attorney, Charles'B. Harris of Sacramento, will open. Diggs and his attorney are accused of subornation of perjury for at tempting to "fix" the testimony of Marsha Warrington relative to her associations with Diggs and Caminetti on the unfortunate Reno trip. Posses With Hounds Trail Michigan Yeggs HARRIET A, Mich., Sept. 6.—Posses aided by bloodhounds today scoured the surrounding country for cracks men, who last night blew open the vault in C W. Barry's private bank and escaped with $3,500 in currency, after 50 shots had been exchanged in a battle with citizens. J. B. McINTYRE BINDERY CO. BOOKBINDERS 523-531 CLAY STREET Tel. Snttrr 1034; Home 0 4604 San Francisco, Cal. THAW IS ABLE TO WAGE BATTLE FOR YEAR Move by Attorneys Guaran tees Near Liberty for Him Continued From Page 1 all the time. So high has feeling been running that a force of uni formed Montreal police was sent here today to remain as long as Thaw does. It is evident, officials realize, that the crowd of pro-Thaw people only need a leader to "start" some thing. Worked up to the proper pitch, Thaw's sympathisers would undoubt edly make an attempt to storm the immigration building and release Thaw. Jerome called up one of his lieu tenants on the telephone from Nor tons Mills, Vt.. but he did not ven ture over the line. NOBODY'S BUSINESS"—JEROME NORTON MILLS, Vt., Sept 6.— Wil liam Travers Jerome, formerly dis trict attorney of New York, who went to Canada to chase a fugitive and, in a sense, became one himself, today declared that it was nobody's busi ness whether he intended to go back to Canada and continue his fight to get Harry Thaw deported. Four written questions were sub mitted to the New York lawyer, who is at liberty on $500 bond after his arrest on the charge of gambling in Coaticook. They were as follows: Q. —Is there any truth in the re port that Thaw furnished your ball? A.—No, he did riot. Q. —Will you go back to Coaticook and stand trial? If so, when? A.—The case was adjourned until September 11. Q. —Will you go to Montreal and fight the Thaw case out, or will you remain here? A. —None of your business. Q. —Will you please give a state ment of your plans as regards your own case and the Thaw case, and any other statement that has a bearing on the case? SAID HE'D-KILL WOMAN Felomlno Marquez is being held in the Alameda county Jail by Marshal Glavlnovich, who charged him with threatening to kill his landlady in that town. If you under-work your jaws— You over-work your stomach. If you don't chew your food enough you don't make saliva enough. Digestion needs it This chewing dainty supplies it. So if you must swallow food hastily; let this mint flavored morsel give refreshing, improving relief to your poor, tired digestion. Let it steadily improve yourJ teeth and appetite. BUY IT BY THE BOX It costs lees—of any dealer—and stays fresh until used. Look for the spear m****..**. Avoid imitations « LANE QUITS PARTY CONFERENCE TO MEET ISHI Deer Creek Indian Makes Secretary "Big Chief" of His Tribe Continued From Page 1 country not under my jurisdiction," replied Secretary Lane. "However that may be," interposed Professor Kroeber, "he doesn't cost the interior department anything, for he supports ' himself by selling the arrows lie makes and doing a brisk trade in postcards." "Ishi has a moist intelligent face," commented Lane, and then proceeded to shake hands. Ishi'* 'intelligent look' suddenly turned into a grin, and when the secretary smiled back the grin became a sudden chuckle of en joyment. Rather shyly he fished into the pocket of liis khaki coat and pulled f out a paper package. • "Ba-hee," he said, smiling encour- [ agingly, offering it to the cabinet officer. Secretary Lane was puzzled and Ishi noted his perplexity. Then came a rapid exchange of grunts and gutteral sounds between Ishi and Professor Kroeber. after which the professor elucidated. ISHI TAKES TAXI RIDE "Ishi says they are bay leaves and are fine medicine for a cold," he said. "The next time you get a cold he wants you to put one In your nostril to cure It." "The big chief" didn't promise out- that he would try the bay leaves, but was at least pleased with Tshfs intentions. Mr. Lane then called to his young son to keep the arrows for him and turned back to the democrats. The secretary of the interior rode away to a luncheon In a touring car; but at that he didn't have much on the aboriginal Ishi, who went home in a taxlcab, occasionally pointing at streetcars and tall buildings and chuckling over his talk with "the big chief." VICTIM SUCCUMBS DEBBY. England. Sept. C— Sir Ar thur Douglass, who was Injured in last Tuesday's wreck on the Midland railroad when 13 persons were killed, died today. 50 MISSIONARIES GOING TO CHINA A delegation of between 40 and 50 missionaries wili sail for China next week under the auspices of the board of foreign missions of the Presbyte rian -church. The missionaries-will ar rive here Tuesday evening l at 6:30 o'clock from Salt Lake. Two important meetings will be held in Berkeley On Wednesday evening, one in the, First Presbyterian church and the other at St. John's church. Among the speakers will be Captain Robert Bollar, .ste'amfhip magnate; Ng Poon Chew, Chinese editor and vice consul at San Francisco, and Rev. France W. Dible of Hangchow, China. GRAUMAN'S IMPERIAL THEATER. MARKET ST.. Ol'l". 111 BERN IA BANK. , w «f K SUNDAY, SEPT. 7th DANIEL FR'UIMAN Presents MRS. FISKE ——IN , A MOTION PIGTTRF. VERSION OF 'TESSOFTHE DTRBERVILLES' PRICES— 10i-. -'"<•- WORTH PQI'BLK SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES ST. MATTHEWS SCHOOL BIRUSOAME, CAL. Military School for Boy*. A separata school (Tyler Hall) for younger boys. Fully accredited. S. F. office, 116 Chroolcle bldg. TUone Douglas 2149. Send for Catalogue. REV. WILLIAM A. BREWER, Rector. OAKLAND KINDERGARTEN TRAINING SCHOOL On State Accredited Unt Two Year 9* Normal Course. Special Montessori Course. GRACE EVERETT BARNARD Hotel Shattuck, Berkeley, Cal. Fortunes in Food Products The annual dividends paid by food product companies would surprise the average mortal. A few packages sold month ly through only half of the grocery stores in America yields a return, in money, lit tle understood by residents of this locality. Stock Bonus with each $100 worth We are selling an issue of 6 Per Cent Gold Notes that carry with them a stock bonus in a company that has been on a profit-showirfg basis for forty-seven months. It is a going, growing, well managed local enterprise, having the emphatic indorsement of its home commercial bodies. It owns its real estate, plant and equipment free of debt. No indebtedness at any bank. The Gold Notes yield 6 per cent, payable semi-annua lly. The shares, given with each $100 worth of Gold Notes, should, later on, pay from $1 to $3 per share annual dividends. For convenience, applications for the Gold Notes will be ac cepted by the First National Bank, Berkeley. Berkeley Bank of Savings and Trust Company, Berkeley. West Berkeley Bank, Berkeley. State Savings Bank, Oakland. For more specific information regarding the enterprise, prog ress made, future prospects, etc., call at our office or write for "Data B." It's free. Home Securities Company First National Bank Building, Oakland, Cal. f A few cents a day may' save you hundreds of dollars should you become sick or injured. Remember, a membership in Grace Darling Hospital Ass'n Incorporated Saves you the heavy expense of Hospital, Operations. Ambulance, Doctor and Medicine Bills in time of greatest need—when sickness or accident befalls you. Call at of fices or phone Douglas 2222 and full information how to become a ' member will be given you. Cut out this coupon and mail to us today. Grace Darling Hospital Assn. 513-614 Union Square Bldg. 350 POST ST, SAX FRANCISCO Without expense or obligation to me, send full particulars concern ing your Association. Name Address First Church of Christ, Scientist In San Krsnclsco. Cal. AN NOI'NCES TWO FREE UN TI RES ON CHRISTIAN SCIENCE BY CLARENCE W. CHAD WICK. C. S. B. Of Omaha. Nebraska. Member of the Board of lectureship of tha Mother Church. the First Church at Christ, Scientist. !n Boston, Mass. DREAMLAND RINK Stelner St. nerr Sutter. SUNDAY AFTERNOON, SEPT. 7, 1913. At 3 o'clock. And CHCRCH EDIFICE, Franklin and California sts., Monday Evening, September S, 191:8. At 8 o'clocfe The public is cordially Inrite'. No collection. Drs STEELE &. STEELE The only exehjslre licensed skin and fa» tnre special lata on the coast, correcting 111 -sbaped noses, outstanding ears, deep sears, ptttlngs. sagged faces, wrinkles, double and thick lips, freckles, moles, superfluous hair, round out hollow cheeks, temples, this necks, arms, bands and all facial defects. Paraffin Removed and tbe Blunders of Experimenters Corrected. Panfages Theater Building. 935 MARKET STREET Honrs: 9to 5; Sunday. 10 to 12. Phone i Kearny 2383. , For Rent, Sale or Exchange fine Modern Residence in Berkeley DESIRABLE LOCATION MARCELLUS KRIGBAUM & CO. 312 BUSH ST. Tel. Douglas 5&92. —Or— W. P. B. ALBER 2185 SHATTIOK AYE, Berkeley Tel. Berkeley 2SB I rare Erected Anywhere '■ '1 ' •':-:,-5f E»tlin»tfi> PAINLESS DENTISTRY M*r<& Cut Rates \« I \ Al l, WORK >*»XJ~ ' GUARANTEE l> Special Prices for 30 Oay« ObJt Gold < rovfßs «3.00 i Plate*, r-l.ob '•old Filling". 831 Sliver Fllllnga. 59e GUARANTEE DENTAU CO. IOQr MARKET ST. Near Sixth St.