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F. W. KELLOGG, President and Publisher
JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Vice President and Treasurer
Is San Francisco, Intent on
Panama, Ignoring the North?
Bright Prospects for Great Trade Development With Alaska
When the Doors of That Treasure House Are Opened
to the Commerce of the-World
The promise that the Panama canal holds for San Francisco
is the closer connection between this port and the markets of the
Atlantic seaboard states and Europe. Attention has been focused
on the canal and its prospects, but the lens of commercial interest
should not be directed entirely toward the south—there is a north
with a trade that can make San Francisco important commercially
where now this city is weak—there is Alaska.
Attention is attracted to Alaska at this time by the arrival here
of a cargo of lumber from Hadley, Alaska, the first great cargo of
Alaskan lumber ever consigned to this port. In the cargo are
1,200,000 board feet,, valued at $24,000.
There are two pages to be filled in the book of commerce—the
page of imports and the page of exports. It will be profitable for
San Francisco to receive and deal in Alaska lumber, but it would
be more profitable for this port to sell to Alaska merchandise, food
stuffs, the many products that we have which Alaska demands.
California now has a large trade with Alaska via Seattle, but
while this trade benefits the state's manufacturing and, chiefly,
agricultural interests, San Francisco, as a maritime city, gains little
advantage from it, and will not share in the fruits of this commerce
until shipments are made direct from this port to Alaska.
San Francisco, to get in close touch with Alaska, must have
direct steamship connection with that northern land. Alaska has
coal, iron, timber, all of which are needed in California, and San
Francisco is the port at which they should be received when the
administration in Washington at last turns the key which has
rusted in the lock of Alaska since, in the days of Ballinger, it was
jammed in too hurriedly. When Alaska is unlocked San Francisco
must have ships by the open door into which cargoes can be
poured, but unless San Francisco merchants act speedily the new
Alaskan trade will be opened and we shall find the threshold of
this door of commerce blocked by the traders from other ports.
Tbe promise of the Panama canal is bright, but Alaska glit
Think for Yourself
Don't Be Servile, Taking Other Men and Other People's
Ideas at a False Valuation.
(Copyright, 1913. Star Company*
The brain in your head is the result of hundreds of thousands
of years of evolution and education on this earth.
That brain is given you that you may DECIDE FOR YOUR
SELF what is true, what is false, what is important and what is
About one man in a thousand actually uses, in forming opin
ions, the thinking power, the power of discrimination, that is given
to him. *
The other nine hundred and ninety-nine simply go along old,
beaten paths. Where others bow low, THEY bow low. Where
others look scornful, THEY look scornful.
Most of us think and act more like sheep than like men. One
sheep at the head uses his pretty feeble brain and the others do
what he does.
As a result, we are not ready for new ideas when they come.
We are not ready to recognize real genius when it appears.
And it is true today, as it was when Emerson wrote, that every
man bringing to the world a message worth while is misunder
stood because of our stupid reverence for the past and our dullness
to new truths.
Pythagoras was misunderstood and Socrates and Jesus and
Luther and Copernicus and Galileo and Newton and every pure
and wise spirit that ever took flesh. To be great is to be misunder
Naturally, human beings must profit by the discoveries of
those that preceded them. We don't throw away the law of grav
itation, or axioms in geometry, or the multiplication table became
they were used by men before us.
The trouble with us is that we hang on to our prejudices, our
foolish reverence for vacuity, more desperately than to the most
important truths given us by science.
The thing fo- ""*ou to do, young men—we mean men up to 70,
for all ought to be young until then and even later—is to KNOW
WHY YOU THINK AS YOU DO THINK.
For instance, admire only things THAT YOU KNOW
ABOUT. Look up to those of whom you KNOW THAT THEY
HAVE REALLY DONE SOMETHING WORTHY OF AD
Don't let other people form your opinions for you. Don't ac
cept your opinions ready made like a pair of rubber boots.
Make up your mind to know WHY you believe a thing, WHY
you look up to an individual, WHY you accept the opinions going
This is important, not merely to your own self-respect and
manhood, EUT TO YOUR POSSIBILITIES OF GROWTH,
your possibilities of doing something worth while.
Men that have succeeded owe their success to the fact that
they refuse to take difficulties for granted, to take opinions for
granted, or to take CONDITIONS for granted. They determined
to decide things for themselves. They found new ways, they found
new possibilities, they added their names to the list that have done
Keep DOUBT in your mind always. We give you below a
quotation to paste up. It was supplied by Bolingbroke, a man of
wonderful ability, almost a great man—the individual who sup
plied the philosophical thought with which Pope seasoned his
He knew enough to appreciate the value of original thought
and research; he knew that doubt is essential to knowledge, and he
put it well. This is what he said:
"Doubt is the key of knowledge. He who never doubt* never
examines. He who never examines discovers nothing. He who
discovers nothing is blind and will remain so."
As long as you live, DOUBT. Question, deny, verify. Be
able to say, "I think so, BECAUSE I HAVE THOUGHT
ABOUT IT. I admire him, BECAUSE I HAVE STUDIED HIS
"Seek and ye shall find. Knock /£nd-it shall be opened unto
you." SHre 4 / .
"PROVE all things. Hold fast that which is good."
These are two texts for those that may desire biblical sanction
for man's chief intellectual quality, DOUBT,
Anna Held is to remarry one of her former husbands. Lillian Russell
never had such a paucity of choice.
* w *
Remains *>f Indians who were seven feet high have been found in
Marin county. What a fine stride they must have had for catching the
♦ * »
Chicago dressmakers predict a return in women's styles to the fig leaf.
So women are going to be overdressed again! »
* * #
A woman was bitten by her pet parrot. The grand jury can be rea
sonably certain that the long suffering neighbors conspired with the bird
to injure its mistress.
♦ * »
A girl named Prudence has been caught at crime. Fie, fie, Prudence,
you should live up to your name.
# * #
The woman who hesitates is not necessarily lost—maybe she can't
go any faster in her hobble skirt.
THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL
LOOK BOTH WAYS
IN HE MOVES-IN REAL LIFE
The G. A. R. veterans who are winning the running races at Chatta
nooga got their training in the "Charge, double quick" there in '63.
* * *
Vaudeville houses are installing adding machines to compute how
much they would have to pay Harry Thaw and Porter Charlton to go on
the circuit together.
* # *
The Friedmann cure has turned turtle.
* * *
A woman saw a stranger leaving her house and thought that he was
the gas man, but when she found that only $4 was missing she concluded
he was a burglar.
* * »
The bill boards might be reduced, but the board bill still comes the
* * #
"Joy ride" is the most ironical term in the English language.
* * #
Rag dances and rag carpets are seldom in the same environment.
SEPTEMBER 20, 1913
Science and Nature
The Electrical Voice
of Time —It Can
Be Heard All Over
and in Northern
Africa, Speaking in
the Language of
Radio - Telegraphy
Erom Eiffel Tower
GARRETT P. SERVISS
SINCE July 1 time signals,
giving the exact hour as
determined by astronomi
cal observation, have been radi
ating through the air from the
lofty Eiffel tower, in Paris,
speeding in all directions with
the velocity of light, and all
that people who want to keep
their clocks and watches regu
lated in accord with the steady
motion of the earth on its axis
have to do is to capture these
flying signals with a wireless
telegraph receiver attached to a
Away off in Africa, in Algiers
and Tunis, the invisible electric
waves are caught with perfect
ease, and ships at sea, off the
French coast, can take them at
will, and thus regulate their
chronometers and ascertain their
position with an accuracy hith
This is truly scientific magic.
Just think of it! You want to
know the true time to the frac
tion of a second, and all you
have to do in order to get it is to
open your electric car to these
sounds, which seem to drop out
of the sky, as if Old Time itself
were speaking to you!
It Is Like Watch Wheels
Geared to Rotating
It is very much as if the
wheels of your watch were
geared for a moment to the ro
tating earth in order to correct
their rate, for the whole thing
is done automatically. The pen
dulum of a special clock in the
observatory of Paris — a clock
whose running is kept accurately
in accord with the rotation of
the carth —periodically closes a
circuit, which instantly actuates
the wireless apparatus in the
Eiffel tower and thus sends forth
an electric voice, traveling with
a speed which would suffice to
carry it seven times round the
earth in a single second, and
which says in radio-telegraphic
language, "10 a. m.," or "mid
night," as the case may be.
For hundreds of miles around,
in every direction, this mysteri
ous voice drops out of space and
can be heard in any telephone
attached to a wireless receiver.
Beginning three minutes before
the automatic transmission of the
hour is made, a set of warning
signals is sent out, by listening
for which the receiver may be
prepared to note with great ac
curacy the difference between
the time indicated by his watch
and that given by the observa
tory clock. A practiced observer
can make the correction to the
tenth of a second.
Even home made wireless re
ceivers suffice for picking up
WILLIAM F. KIRK
DUSTY and dingy, where small mice roam:
The highest room in a lowly home,
It knows no light save the light of day
When a fugitive sunbeam comes to play.
•It knows no revel, no festival,
And is shunned alike by the great and small.
But up in the garret where Chatterton crept
Deathless genius h»s laughed and wept.
Up in the garret under the skies
The poet starves and the painter dies;
And the stateliest hair where royalty reigns
Is not so grand as the Room of Brains.
"Eh, but I'm tired: - ' exclaimed a
tall and thin man, meeting: a friend
in the street.
"What have you been doing- to get
so tired?" asked the other.
"Well," exclaimed the thin man,
drawing a deep breath, "my married
sister is measuring up her house for
new carpets. They haven't, got a
yard measure, and I an» exactly 6
feet high, so to oblige her t've been
a-laying down and getting up all
over her house." . _
• # ~
Teacher (sternly)— Johnny, what Is
the matter wtth your eye? If you and
Willie Whyte have been fighting
again, I«shall give each of you a good
Johnny (with the victor's generos
ity)—Yes'm. But you needn't mind
about Bill; he's had his.
these signals. Within the con
fines of Paris and its suburbs the
signals are so distinct that an
ordinary gaspipc may be em
ployed for an antenna to catch
the electric waves, and a water
pipe to form the connection with
'the earth, while the detector may
be of the simplest form, such a
any electrician can make. Per
sons near the Eiffel tower may
employ their own bodies as an
tennae, merely pressing between
two fingers the terminal of a
wireless receivers. Similarly,
the wire connecting the electric
bells in a house may be used for
On Cloudy Nights Sig
nals Are Flashed
If a cloudy night prevents as
tronomical observations in Paris
corrections for the master clock
are received by similar wireless
signals sent out from a scries of
observatories, as at Algiers,
Marseille, Nice and Basancon.
It is almost impossible that
cloudy weather should prevail
simultaneously at all these
places, but even if that should
happen, orovision is made for
keeping the clock regulated by
the aid of a number of other
very accurate clocks called "time
guards," which can be depended
upon not to vary more than a
small fraction of a second in the
course of several days.
As the means of sending out
such signals improve, so that
they can be transmitted across
the whole breadth of all the
oceans, from properly chosen *
central stations, navigation \\A\jk\
attain a degree of safety hith
erto unknown. At present tha
officers of a ship at sea have tr*
depend for the accuracy of their
calculations of longitude, or dis
tance east or west of Greenwich,
upon the more or less true run
ning of their chronometers.
Such a Systehi Would
They can ascertain local time
and their latitude by celestial
observations alone, but such ob
servations do not give the longi
tude unless the true Greenwich
time is also known. This the
new system of wireless trans
mission will supply with a de
gree of universality and accu
racy that is truly marvelous. Ii
such a system had been in oper
ation at the time of the wreck
of the Titanic there might have,
been no such uncertainty as w]|
actually shown in the calcula
tions of the positions of the va
rious ships that played apart is
that terrible tragedy of tho
Success Is Deserved
To the Publishers of The
Evening Call—Dear Sirs: I am
delighted with the new Call
and feel sure it is going to
win for itself a big circulation
and a broad field of usefulness.
I fully expect it to be as
popular in Sacramento, Stock
ton, San Jose, Santa Rosa and
other nearby cities as it is in
San Francisco and vicinity.
With the extra staff of writ
ers in addition to the local
staff you are presenting a lit
erary feast that will please the
most fastidious. ■
Wishing you the big success
you so worthily deserve, I am
WILLIAM J. DAY,
Superintendent California PrtaOa