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THE M CALL F. W. KELLOGG, President and Publisher JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Vice President and Treasurer - ~ Weakness of Opposition to Hetch Hetchy Shown Senate Debates Make Manifest the Final Triumph of This City in a Few Weeks. On reading the recent debates in the United States senate on he Hetch Hetchy permit desired for San Francisco, it appears that here are two factions now opposing the city, two alone of all the losts that started out to prevent San Francisco from securing a aire supply of Sierra water. Those two are, first, promoters of a nebulous irrigation project n the San Joaquin valley—though the Turlock and Modesto ina ction districts are now behind San Francisco—and second, the 'nature lovers." The "nature lovers" seem eternal in their strife, or the poor excuse you have always with you. Senator Pittman of Nevada handled the debate for San Fran ;isco with skill and the grant might have been made directly by he senate had not Senator Works, then in Los Angeles, sent a nessage to other senators asking them to secure a postponement >f final action on the measure on the ground that 99 per cent of the rrigationists affected opposed the bill. Out of respect to Senator A/orks progressive senators in the chamber, including La Follette, Poindexter and others, insisted on a postponement. They took his stand without especial prejudice against the San Francisco neasure, but, it would seem, chiefly to give their progressive col eague Works a chance to make his showing. This filibuster meant he putting over of the matter until December. But who are Works' 99 per cent of protestants? No one seems o know. Poindexter wanted to know if San Francisco would select Setch Hetchy again if its mind were open on the proposition— hat is, if no steps had been taken by this city to secure a water upply, would we go direct to Hetch Hetchy? The implication conveyed by the senator from Washington vas that some one had "wished" Hetch Hetchy on San Francisco nd we did not want to let go of what we had. It is curious that he senator did not realize, that so many opponents of San Fran isco do not realize, that San c Francisco did not select Hetch ietchy by closing its eyes and sticking a pin in the map of the sierras. When the city selected the Hetch Hetchy site 12 years igo it took that step after a careful study had been made of the tvailable sources of water supply. Every few years since that irst location was made engineers interested and disinterested lave gone over the state, stream by stream, canyon by canyon, rying to find a better location for the city's future reservoir than hat afforded by the Hetch Hetchy valley. Each succeeding report las strengthened the original approval of the Tuolumne watershed is San Francisco's best source. The army engineers, whose dis nterestedness must be conceded, have reported that the Hetch rletchy supply is the best and the cheapest that San Francisco :ould secure. Engineers engaged to report on other sites as superior have resigned their commission rather than stultify them ielves by reporting against Hetch Hetchy. The "nature lovers" have been routed out of court by as sin :ere a nature lover as ever lived in California, the late William Keith. Keith, when he wanted to paint the Hetch Hetchy valley n a condition of ideal beauty, anticipated San Francisco's dam with lis brush and put oil paint on the waters of future controversy, creating a lake under the massive cliff. It developed in the senate debates that a certain promoter of :he San Joaquin valley opposed San Francisco's plan on the ground :hat it would deprive a certain district which he intended to pro note of water. In other words, the real need of San Francisco would be utterly disregarded because of a scheme which as yet lurks only in the mercenary hopes of a few promoters. Is this Senator Works' "99 per cent"? The weakness of the position of San Francisco's opponents is manifest. The bad faith of men who control other water sites which they would sell to San Francisco has been exposed. There remains now only for the United States senate in De cember to act favorably on the Hetch Hetchy grant —for the sen ators have no alternative in reason or honor. The Minister Will Study and Then Teach Farming A Strange Class Will Gather at the State University Farm at Davis in December The ministers of California are going to school. All of them have been to school jbefore, most of them, no doubt, have been to college, and some of them had their educations elaborated at post graduate universities, but they are going back to school, to a rather elementary school at that, to learn something which will be of the utmost importance to them in their work and to their congrega tions. The ministers of California, a number of them, are going to attend a course of lectures at the state university farm at Davis. Ministers know much of history, a bit of logic, philosophy and theology, which are subjects of vital importance to the world, but are neglected for the most part by the rank and file of men with whom the minister comes in contact. But agriculture is the subject which is foremost in the minds of most of the congregations of California. So the ministers will prepare to be familiar with the congregations' chief interest in life. That will help the church's influence. The village church and the rural religious center will have an added importance to the farmer when the minister returns from Davis to his charge. He can talk to the farmer of crop economy; he can tell, in a tactful way—and unless a man has tact he does not belong in the pulpit—of new methods in agriculture, in dairying, in chicken raising, in rotation of crops. Poverty and shiftlessness are too often cousins; shiftlessness and ignorance are as child and nt; shiftlessness is a vice, almost as pitiful as drunkenness. " he minister, who has learned something valuable at the state agriculture college farm, should be in a position to remedy much of the ignorance of his congregation, and with the ignorance re moved the shiftlessness should disappear. It is a daring work that the ministers are to undertake in December. There are many farmers, the more shiftless and ignor ant ones, of course, who will not listen to any advice given by the minister. But the women who have respect for the cloth and the young people whose fallow minds are quick to respond to any mental stimulus, intellectual fertilization, will be reached by the ministers, and, to continue the figure, there will be sown by the cleric hand a seed which will bring the big crop of improved farm ing conditions in California. All the farmers in California can not go to the state school of practical agriculture. It is well for each community to send a representative who can go and study and report to the community what progress is being made in the profitable science of farming. Thus can a community learn vicariously what is taught, and the vicar is the man to name as representative ■ THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL & & & Evening Calls They use voting machines in Mexico—machine guns. f * * * The elections were held in Rome on Sunday and the voting was un usually light—only one man was killed. • * # ♦ >c So Carnegie has missed another chance to become poor—the steel trust has to pay his income tax for frim. * »•» » It must be fierce to be so rich that when you distribute pennies to children the newspapers commented upon it. » # » From reports received it is known that Balboa has returned to his place in history, slightly tired for his excursion to San Francisco, but very cheerful. >— * * * Chicago may have a woman chief of police. At least, nothing more could happen to a woman in that job than has happened to every man who ever held it in an American city—unqualified criticism. THE MOTTO DO YOU USE COAL? "I Love You, California" is as popular a song as if its title were "I Love You, Tango Tess." » ♦ * An automatic vacuum cleaner to do away with the Pullman porter's whiskbroom has been invented. It will only clean you of a nickle. * « # Those who went down to the depot in Vienna Sunday afternoon to see the 4:30 come in had an unusual treat. Kaiser Wilhelm arrived. # * ♦ China is going to reorganize its coinage. If it does away with those large pennies what will the ladies do for ballast in their tailor made coats? * # ♦ Former Governor Snlzer's dog ate 35 cents worth of dog biscuit, paid for by the state of New York. That is awful, for let it be known the only animal New York feeds free is the Tammany tiger. « * * Queen Mary has demanded an audit of the royal accounts of Buck ingham palace. But there is no danger that the king will be impeached if it's found that the chief cook was peeling potatoes too thick. 28 1913 Dr. Parkhurst's Article —ON — Talk and Action. Most People Imagine the World Gets Better While They Are Tell ing How It Ought to Be Done. DR. CHAS. H. PARKHURST TALKING and writing about how the world can be made better seems so much like the real thing, so much like the actual process of making the world better, that, even while Wis tongue # is wagging or his pen spoiling a clean page of foolscap, he has a self-congratultaory feel ing that things are at that very moment really on the make. Two men downtown—l had the incident from one of them— were debating the best method of dealing with families that had become reduced to poverty and generally demoralized in conse quence of the drunken habits of the husband and father. The discussion had been car ried to some length and with considerable fervor on both sides, when suddenly the more practical of the two disputants stopped and said: "There is just such a family living in the next block; let us quit talking and go over there and see what we can do." Some years ago there was held a public gathering for the purpose of mutual congratulation over a political victory which had just been gained, resulting in great depression of spirits in Fourteenth street. One of the speakers availed of the opportunity to air himself in expatiating upon the means necessary to be used in order to secure the fruits of victory and to make the victory permanent. He had rambled on in a can tering way for almost an hour by the presiding officer's watch when he suddenly drew himself together and declared: "But this Why Eggs Are Dear DID you know that when a chick that is to become a hen pecks, open the shell and steps out to salute king of day with its wise little eye, it brings with it into the world, in embryo form, every egg that it will ever lay? That is a small fact, for whose truth biologists vouch, which possesses a great importance. You may have supposed that by good feeding and kind treat ment a hen could be induced to lay a larger number of eggs in the course of her life than she would have laid if she had been left to her own gallinaceous, or henlike, preferences and fancies. But, if so, you are mistaken. Every hen has a fixed capital in eggs handed out to her at the beginning of her life- She can not add to the number, and when she has laid them all her usefulness in the world is end ed, and she will not long sur vive. The bearing of this on the problem of the egg supply is plain. You can hurry up the production by special feeding, forcing and selecting processes, but you can not increase the total number of eggs capable of being laid by any one hen. And, more than that, you will per ceptibly shorten her life by every additional dozen eggs you compel her to lay. The following statistical state ment has appeared about the number of eggs that hens are capable of laying: The common hen can lay in a year from 120 to 150; the leghorn can lay from 150 to 180; the brahma some thing more than 200. But that is almost their entire capital, and at the end of the year their powers aft practically ex hausted. : From the Hills :-: CONSTANCE CLARKE A TANG of sharpness In the quickening life Of sluggish air waves shivering tree on tree, The limpid blue where fronded branches drift Their green across the sky and then —the sea. Out of the calm and silence of the hills The pine-locked secrets of their mystery Unto the wider calm that never stills Unto the wilder mystery of' the sea. is not to be accomplished by talking, but by action," a remark which was vociferously applaud ed, during which the speaker, who was bright enough to un derstand the reason for the sudden enthusiasm of his audi tors, sat down, covered with con fusion and mortification. He had imagined that the world had been gradually grow ing better all the time he had been talking. A passage very much in point occurs in the sermon delivered by Rev. Dr. William Lawrence, bishop of Massachusetts, in opening the Episcopal conven tion on October 8, as follows: "Ecclesiastical councils, indeed all legislative bodies, are tempted to concentrate their time on cer tain ideals or reforms, while the causes that are pulling down the ideals and preventing them are unnoticed. "How many days hare our conventions consumed in legisla tion upon marriage and divorce, while the church has been sol emnizing marriages of men and women whose past habits will al most certainly lead to divorce, and while influences about the youth of the country have been tempting them to undue excite ment, unwise liberty, loss of self control and impurity, which is sure to reap its harvest of di vorce and degrade ideals of mar riage many times faster than ecclesiastical or civil legislation can uplift them?" Perhaps the time and thought expended in writing this article might have been more effectively employed in doing than in trying to tell what, ought to be done. In a state of nature they would not think of squandering their resources in that way. The jungle fowl, from which domes tic hens are descended, lays on the average 10 eggs in a year and lives about IS years. The domestic hen, in the hands of her merciless master, is forced to lay her whole ISO eggs in a single year, and if she continues to produce sparingly during a second year it is only at the expense of the small sur plus or reserve fund of germ plasm that nature gave her to provide against the accidents of existence. The people of the United States consume in one year 16,000,000,000 eggs! To attain that enormous annual supply the life of the hen, which nature set at 15 years when she was a care free inhabitant of the Indian jungles, has been cut down to a year or two. She has been turned into an egg producing machine, driven at the highest attainable speed. Not only is she robbed of her eggs, but she is also robbed of her right to be a mother. She must not hatch out her young and show them, with motherly pride, how to pick up living, for that would be a waste of time from her master's point of view. He will do the hatch ing with a kerosene lamp and will furnish patent food for her unnursed babes, while she goes back to lay another dozen eggs and surrender another year of her life. This is the epic of the hen. It is a very poor epic; but, for any person whose sympathies are broad enough to include other tragedies and other comedies than those of mere human life, it possesses an appeal that can not well be neglected.