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THE M CALL F. W. KELLOGG, President and Publisher JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Vice President and Treasurer San Francisco, Richest Port, Has Wonderful Field Commerce of the Pacific Ocean, Now Valued at $4,000,000,000, Is Our Opportunity The Pacific ocean has become a commercial pond over which steams great treasure. The latest report of the bureau of foreign and domestic com merce at Washington gives the following stupendous figures of trade on the Pacific: Imports of the various ports on the Pacific in 1912 total $2,333,000,000; exports, $2,000,000,000. China led with imports of $350,000,000, Japan had imports of $300,000,000, and the Strait Settlements $200,000,000; western South America, $200,000,000, and western North America, $200,000,000. The United States sup | plied 12 per cent of the imports at ports other than its own, accord ing to the report. According to San Francisco statistics, this port had in the year 1912, the period under consideration, an import trade of $62,744,188, or a trifle less than one-third of all the import trade of western North America, which includes ports from Ancon to Nome. The export trade of San Francisco for the same period was $54,707,850, and while no figures are available at present on the export trade of the ports of western North America, it may be conceded that San Francisco had about the same proportion of the whole export trade that it has of the whole import trade. The increase in San Francisco's imports in 1912 over 1911 was 12 per cent, and in exports for the corresponding years was 26 per cent. However, it is not the part of San Francisco to be content with what it has done, but to do more, to expand. The Panama canal will give a tremendous impetus to the trade of this port, but that will relate chiefly to the ports of commerce on the Atlantic, which will be brought nearer by the opening of the new sea route. San Francisco must also turn its attention to the Pacific. China seems awaiting San Francisco. China in 1912 was the greatest importer of foreign goods on the Pacific—and China in 1912 was just rubbing its eyes com mercially. There is the greatest popular movement in the world going on in China today—the most amazing political upheaval in the history of the world is the sudden rise of the Chinese republic, and it will be followed by a commercial development in the heart of Asia as tremendous and as amazing. China has taken its politics from the United States—now it will demand the meats upon which our people fed that we could grow so great. American methods, American railroads, American machinery, American clothing, American bread, all will be demanded by China if the germ of that demand is planted right by American commercial agents. The ships that plow the Pacific carry four billions of com merce. Of this San Francisco has the lion's share that is allotted to the North American continent. But San Francisco is not in competition with other Pacific ports; it is in competition with the world—it is the one world's port on the Pacific, and it is for that -reason that investors come to us and that our men go forth seek ing trade. China lies as a field of ripened grain awaiting the reaper. Will the harvester's name be San Francisco? Has Modern Dancing Not One Champion? Why does not some one defend the modern ballroom dances? There must be a point or two to be advanced in their favor. As the song said, "Everybody's Doin' It," and while the song was not strictly true, for there are a number of persons over the age of 50 who are not Turkey Trotting and Texas Tommying, still nearly every one in the dancing set is dancing modernly. There must be something to recommend such a universal practice, but no one has advised the public on what those commendable features are. The situation is analogous to that of the "country life" move ment. Everybody who writes recommends the country as the preferable place to- live, but everybody who lives seeks the city. Those who seek the city are too busy living, it would appear, to write about the joys of urban existence, while those who write are too poor to maintain a home in the city. Just because writers abuse city life and the Texas Tommy is no proof that either is wrong. This is a democratic government; in particular is California, with its direct legislation, a democracy,; and the theory of that form of government is that what the ma jority believe in is right, no matter what writers say to the con tra *y. There is no such scale of virtue as: Positive, right; comparative, writer; superlative, essayist. v It is as fair a judgment to say that the ragtime dances are .right because people dance them as to say that they are wrong •because writers denounce them. J A stock criticism of the older "round dances," the waltz and | -two step has been that they are (or were) wrong because a spec ie tator find no enjoyment in watching the monotonous twirling of couples about a ballroom floor. No such criticism can be brought against the modern dances, particularly the tango, which is less difficult to watch than to dance, it would seem. A c'assical condemnation of ballroom dancing is that of the stern ascetic poet, Lord Byron, who declared the waltz was im moral. This argument was used most when the only indiscretion f a well bred young woman could commit was to read Byron's poems. But a champion should be found for modern dances. Some > devotee should stop long enough to write an explanation of nis \ or her inspiration. Legal Quibbles Contemptible One of the judges of the Missouri supreme court recently died, a whose name goes down in history as the jurist who quashed an . . indictment because one "the" had been omitted from the stereo- I typed formula "against the peace and the dignity of the state." An attorney had carelessly drawn the indictment to read "Against the peace and . . . dignity of the state." Judge Gantt held that this misquotation invalidated the in ; dictment. Technically, he was right. But his ruling excited pop ular derision and the judge suffered from the notoriety which attended criticism of his act. It is said to have hastened his death. Whatever tends to bring the law into contempt with the j people is unfortunate, and impairs an effective administration of I justice. If any one is to suffer from a slip of word or pen, it ought to I be the lawyer and not the client. If the court should roundly lecture the offender, or impose * a fine for carelessness, or even go so far as to suspend him for 30 days, nobody would object. But teaching the importance of accuracy by holding up the | lawsuit, and so punishing the litigant for his attorney's fault, car ries punctilio to the point of absurdity. The judge who decides a case one way because a judge in the 1 reign of Edward the Confessor decided an apparently similar action in the same way may be learned in the law, but he isn't I learned in anything else that counts. And the court that insists that every "t" be crossed or crime go unpunished will find himself crossed out at the bar of public opinion. >. ■ ' 4 THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL The secretary of the peace society is to get married. We hope the move is not inconsistent. i * * ♦ ' Most women monarchs" in the roll of England's rulers have been con tent with being queen. Queen Mary enjoys being king. * # # Heirs of the Busch estate are to Teceive $1,000 a day. They can afford, it would seem, a little of the Busch product every day. * » * A scientist reports that a Virginia wren eats its own weight in worms every two days. A fashionable cafe wren of San Francisco would eat her weight in gold every day if she could find some one to pay for the meal. * * * Senator Lodge has published a book entitled "One Hundred Years of Peace Between the United States and Great Britain." The title, as the text shows, is inadequate—the book should be "One Hundred Years of Near War." TAKEN AT HIS WORD He shivered in a truly artistic way and coughed the cough which had often brought him a nickel. "'Elp a poor man, sir!" he said, with the profitable and husky tear In his voice. But the tradesman to whom he applied had a heart like the Cullinan diamond, and he shook his head. "I don't like to see a great, burly fellow like you begging," he said. "Why don't you do something—sell something, anything to get your liv ing honestly?" Look here, tell you what I'll do" —and he placed a hand 'In his waistcoat pocket and drew forth two lead pencils. "Sell these; any one will give you a penny each [for them." THfe BIG FACT BACK FROM EUROPE Evening Calls Footnotes of Humor "Would they, guvnor? Do you really think so?" "Of course they would," said Led ger-lines testily. "I don't think they would, sir," said the world weary one. "Now, I put it to you, would you gimme tup pence for 'em?" "Most certainly," said Ledgerlines. "Well, give it then!" came the in stant response. "Come along; you can't go back on your word to a poor man." lt took Ledgerlines nearly five min utes to get his breath back, but when he did he handed over the well earned twopence. # * * When Mark Twain, in bis early days, waa editor of a Missouri paper, A San Franciscan chased a burglar away with a tennis racquet. Most any noise will do the trick. * * # Another mean plot to boost the earnings of the Geary street railroad— the new baseball park is to be located on the city's car line. * * * King George is to have another biography written of his father, the late King Edward. Elinor Glyn is not to be the biographer. * * * A Los Angeles man, clad only in his night shirt, chased a burglar ir the street. You couldn't do that in Kansas this week—not in that costume # * * Edna May is to receive a salary of $50,000 for a vaudeville engage ment. That's nothing, the president of the United States gets $75 000 * ♦ * Former President Taft has become a successful lobbyist. He had more opportunity than most presidents to know how the lobbyists work. a superstitious subscriber wrote to him saying that he had found a spider In his paper, and asking him whether that was a sign of good luck or bad. The humorist wrote him this answer and printed it: "Old Subscriber—Finding a spider In your paper was neither good luck nor bad luck for you. The spider was merely looking over our paper to see which merchant is not adver tising, so that he can go to that store, spin his web across the door and lead a life of undisturbed peace ever after ward." • * » At a certain football game an Eng lishman and a Scotchman chanced to meet, and, contrary to tradition, the Englishman had a bottle of whisky, %• 8 .... » t while the Scotchman had none. A few minutes after the game had started a good run was made by one of the visiting forwards. "Good run," said the Scotchman. "Fine," said the Englishman, and applied his lips to the bottle, ignoring Mac's thirsty glances. Later on a goal was scored. "Fine goal/ said Mac. "Grand," said the Englishman, tak ing another draught, but still offering none to his neighbor. "I presume ye're a bit of a football player yerself V said Mac. "I am," was the prompt reply. "I thought so," said the Scotchman. "Ye're a grand dribbler, but ye're no good at passing. NOVEMBER 1. I'9fr3 The Wonders of X-Ray Photography In Its Present Stage, Motion Pictures Can Be Taken of the Beat ing Human Heart Without Injury to the Subject. GARRETT P. SERVISS INVENTION follows invention and improvement improve ment so rapidly in these days of scientific marvels that the edge of wonder is dulled. There is no time left to strop the razor. Curiosity is fatigued by Constance exercise and can not fully comprehend one novelty before another takes its place. Can Reflect Motions of the Internal Organs on a Screen How many, for instance, are aware that the art of X-ray pho tography has reached the instan taneous stage, and that it is now possible to take a cinematograph picture showing the beating of the heart in a living man? And not only the heart, but other in ternal organs can be shown in moving shadows upon a screen. When radiography was invent ed, photographs of the interior of the body required exposures of several minutes, and often a quarter of an hour. This was found to be injurious to the sub ject, for the X-rays have a burn ing and disintegrating effect upon living tissues, and long ex posure to them may produce dis astrous effects, or even death. It was evident that this won derful discovery could not be of much use to physicians unless means were found to greatly shorten the time exposure, and so the necessary means were sought. Improvements of the tubes in which the rays are pro duced and of the sensitive plates upon which the photographs are made soon resulted in a notable shortening of the exposure. They were brought down to five minutes for the thickest parts of the body, three minutes for the head, three minutes for the lungs, three minutes for the legs, two minutes for the arms and half a minute for the hands. But this was by no means suf ficient. Seconds, and fractions of seconds must be substituted for minutes in order to make safe the application of the mar velous rays to the living subject. The desired shortening of the time of exposure was obtained by means of an apparatus called a reinforcing screen. With this the time required to photograph a thigh was reduced from two minutes to one-tenth of a second! Then attention was turned again to increasing the sensi bility of the photographic plates, and three years ago M. Lumiere of Paris succeded in producing plates which, used in conjunc tion with the reinforcing screens, reduced the time to a third or a quarter of what it had been before. Even this did not satisfy those who wished to photograph the The Weather WILLIAM F. KIRK T isn't the weather conditions," said my Arizona friend. I "That shows when your luck is going or when it is on the mend. • A lot of them poet fellers, without much else to do, Has wrote about silvery linings and skies that will soon smile blue. They've wrote how the sun is shining, back of the darkest cloud. And sung about wonderful springtime, to comfort the heart that's bowed; Thar'sr something bigger than we are that fixes things as they be, But it ain't no weather conditions," said Phoenix Phil to me. "The clouds had their silver lining," said my Arizona friend, "When I got stabbed twice by a greaser on which I used to depend. The sun was a-shinlng brightly when the rattler I thought a pal Said goodby to the desert country, accompanied by my gal. It was in the wonderful springtime, way back in ninety-nine. That my broncho bucked on a side hill and broke her legs and mine. We all of us get what's coming, and we get it hard, by gee! Regardless of weather conditions," said Phoenix Phil to me. GIFTS CONSTANCE CLARKE LIFE offered to her treasures, love and fame. Gave me to choose, and out of darkness came The glad reality of dreams come true, The thing men die for that is granted few. Flushed with the noontide of a great success I worshiped Fame and counted all else less; I probed no further than my wished for gain, Nor dreamed a deeper meaning bought with pain. But sometimes when - unbidden memories call Deem Fate unfair that would not yield me all, I wonder, eyes lost in the blue above, .What Life would mean if I had chosen. Love, movements of the internal or gans, and another great step was made by M. Dessauer's inven tion of what he calls the eclair, or lightning, method. With his apparatus, which is employed with a Ruhmkorff coil, and with out reinforcing screens, the time of exposure is reduced to a hun dredth, and, in some cases, to a thousandth of a second. Clear photographs" were then made of the lungs, the stomach, the intestines and the heart In one five-hundredth of a second. But it is found that for the skull the reinforcing screens must still be employed and the time extended to one three-hundreth of a second. It is Dessauer's ec'air method ■which has rendered motion pic tures of the internal organ* of the body possible. This process is called cinemaradiography. A special form of motion photo graph machine has been con trived for this purpose. A series of little photographic plates are caused to pass, with a regulated speed, before the rays. The rays are produced in successive instantaneous flashes, each flash coinciding with the pas-sage of a plate, but occupying only a very siight fraction of the time that the plate is in position. Thus while a considerable space of time may be occupied in the passage of the entire series of plates, the organ that is being photographed is exposed to the rays, all told, for only a second or so, and no harm results. Different organs require vari ous degrees of speed in the pas sage of the successive plates in order that their movements may be clearly reproduced. Thus one or two plates per second suffice for radiographing the move ments of the stomach and the intestines, but the action of the heart is so quick that not less than five exposures per second must be made, and a greater number is desirable, and will, unquestionably, be attained. The time is plainly coming when we shall see upon a screen the entire internal mechanism Qi a human body in full action. , Then physiology will be taught by sight and not by books, and physicians themselves will learn things about these bodies of ours of which, perhaps, they have never dreamed. Discovery of Functions of the X-Rays Was an Accident And all this is the result of an accidental discovery—that of the power of the X-rays to pene trate opaque bodies—followed by the persistent application of the human mind to the develop ment of the wonderful possibili ties which that accident un covered.