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THE iff CALL F. W. KELLOGG, President and Publisher JOHN D. SPRECKELS, Vice President and Treasurer Oil Dividends Give the State $65,000,000 Industry Is More Firmly Established With Every Step in Development and Production Dividends pouring out of the California oil fields will total $13,500,000 for this year, according to the figures available now to financiers. That will mean the total dividends paid since the oil industry became established in California will be $65,000,000 or more. California has in recent years led the petroleum produc tion of the United States, just as the United States has led that of the world, yet it is the most recent industry in the State, the great San Joaquin valley fields, which contribute so enormously to the wealth of the San Francisco bay regions, dating back no more than a score of years. It is a peculiarity of mineral wealth that its first discovery is followed by a rapid development, as the first discovery of gold in California was followed by the most unprecedented mining ex ploitation in the first of the world. The development of the Cali fornia oil industry in the Kern county fields, the Coalinga fields and the other districts of the lower San Joaquin valley has been, if not as spectacular, almost as beneficial to the state as gold min ing, and its development as rapid, if not as picturesque. California oil has effected a transportation revolution in Cali fornia. Practically every locomotive that rolls over California tracks burns oil, and practically every coastwise ship has substi tuted tanks for bunkers and oil tenders for stokers. I With the greater production of oil will come the greater demand for the commodity, which is a paradox of the industry. The supply will govern the demand more than the demand will coax forth the supply. That is, California oil is essentially a fuel oil. Its chief use 55 for steam production, in factories, steamships and on locomo tives. A factory will not install an oil burning equipment unless it is sure that the oil supply will be reasonably permanent, and a steamship company will hesitate to go to the expense of replacing in its vessels the coal furnace with the oil firebox unless it has assurance that the oil fuel supply will outlast the vessel. The United States navy has been slow to equip its warships its oil burners, until it could be certain that wherever the vessel would go there would be available fuel for the tanks. For that reason, while the navy has smokeless powder for its guns, it hasn't provided smokeless fuel for its engines. In battle an enemy will care but little if the presence of its opponent is betrayed by the smudge of cannon smoke or the smudge of coal smoke. Logically, fuel oil, which is comparatively smokeless, will be the fuel of the navy. But before oil could be accepted as a real substitute for coal it had to be understood that the supply would be sufficient for all demands. The California oil fields, which not only increase in local pro duction, but increase in extent, are competent to supply any de mand that may be made upon them in years. That fact being understood by the world, the consumption of oil increases and the value of the commodity increases. That the dividends increase is shown by the financial reports for the current month. To Make Happiness Epidemic It Is Sound Doctrine That If You Try to Make Others Happy It Will Have the Effect of Happifying You In Ohio has been incorporated "The Appreciation league of the United States." Its purpose is to "make happiness epidemic" —which reminds us of Bob Ingersoll's idea that he could have improved on creation by making health "catching" instead of dis ease. Every member of the league is to be provided with blank cards with spaces to be filled in with the name and business of any one—clerk, conductor, postman —with whom the member comes in contact. In another space are printed the words, "attentive, cheerful, sympathetic, helpful, courteous." The plan is for each member to fill in a card every time he meets any one who is courteous or attentive. The card is to be mailed to the league's office. The league then notifies the courteous one's employer, and keeps a record of the name of every man commended. All this is taken from a news dispatch, dated Cleveland, where the league has established national headquarters. It is to have branches in every city in the United States. The league is founded by a millionaire philosopher, William Backus, who believes that the league will become world wide and that life will be made much pleasanter for every one. Do you know that as a matter of provable fact and demon strable figures, nine-tenths of all the letters which are written to newspapers are Epistles of Grouch? The writers are offended, irritated, critical, fault finding, want somebody called down, or something attacked, and look to the newspaper to act as their cudgel or crusader? Why don't these people who write so eloquently sometimes say something pleasant, commendatory, helpful and constructive? Why don't they write with joy instead of gloom? , What is there in human nature that makes us grumble at little clouds instead of rejoicing in the sunlight? All are inclined to report incivilities, to ignore courtesies. When a policeman leaves his post to direct us, do we thank him? Rarely. "That's what he's paid for," we say. • But that is NOT what he's paid for. He has gone out of his line of duty to be of assistance, and the least he should receive would be a cheerful "Thank you." Put yourself in the policeman's place, or in the streetcar con ductor's, or the elevator man's, or the letter carrier's—any one of the many with whom we have daily contact. Consider the thousand annoying things that happen, think of the unpleasant duties many are called upon to perform. And consider how little it costs to be cheerful, to smile, to give a little nod of appreciation, or to call out a pleasant "Thank you." Try it, and see the result. See the tired mouth relax into a smile, the weary eyes to brighten. Notice how the man—or the woman—watches for you the next day, how pitifully eager he or she is for the unaccustomed pleasant greeting. Try it just for a week, and every man, woman and child with whom you come into daily association will be your devoted friend. You will be happier, too, for happiness and cheerfulness are contagious. Forget to be a grouch for a week, and you will wonder how you could cv4r have been disagreeable. THE SAN FRANCISCO CALL SOME MEN ARE NEVER SATISFIED "Why didn't I marry one of those tall, fashionable women?" "Why didn't I marry one of those good, plain little women?" So they're going to curb the Van Ness avenue trolley poles! * * * » If it weren't for the deer season a lot of undertakers would have to go out of business. * * * Advice to girls who want a seat in a streetcar: Look pretty—and live near the end of the line. * * * A man hunting mushrooms was gored by a bull. He was lucky. He might have picked up a toadstool. *• * * A million dollar hotel is being built in Geary street. Oh, the way this municipal railroad discourages improvement-! * # » A man is old when he is wise enough not to jump on a moving street car; a woman when she learns how to alight properly—but few women age. There was a worried look on the grocer's face as he rushed hatless down the street and ran up the steps of Acacia Villa. " —l'm sorry to say there's been a slight mistake, Mrs. Grumble." he panted. "You ordered two pounds of oatmeal yesterday, and by mistake my apprentice put up some sawdust that our grapes came packed in!" "Oh!" replied the lady. "Then I reckon my 'usban' must 'aye got through about arf a pound o' wood for breakfus'," "V—you don't mean to say that h« THE MELON Evening Calls Footnotes of Humor ate it?" gasped the man in the apron. "Course c did." was the reply. The*lady leaned back on the door post, and for tiiree minutes indulged in a laugh that brought all her neigh bors to the scene. "Wal, that's right-down funny," she observed, with a laugb. "Tvs, funny! 'Ere we've been mar ried thirteen years come first of April, and Charles 'as never paid me a compliment till this mornin' at breakfus', when blest if 'c didn't pass 'is plate for another go "o that saw duat, an' told me it reminded 'im o' Getz-O Leary is the title of a boxing club's card for tomorrow night. But does he? * # * Even dear old Harvard is waking up—a woman has been allowed to make a speech in its halls. * * » When the Tivoli opera house goes into motion pictures it will prob ably revive the mad screen from Lucia. * * * > The governor has appointed a farm life commission. Let its first task be to propitiate the hen and get her to work again * * * The Indianapolis mayor is holding a bargain sale of potatoes. No, children, municipal politics are not all small potatoes. * * * This is the first time on record that a man ever proved as his alibi that he was in a French restaurant. It's usually the other way around. the porridge 'is mother used to make!" * » # He was a bright young office boy, and in the dim future saw himself sitting in his manager's chair. "Please sir," he said entering the room of hia chief, after being- sent to deliver a note, "the lady was out and I could not deliver your mes sage." "Go back immediately." said hia employer, impatiently. "If the lady is still out, put the note through the letter box or under the <Joor. Get It ' into the house somehow; don't bring It back here. Now be off!" Some little time passed and then young hopeful returned with a satis fied smile and an air of conscious pride at having overcome all diffi culties, and confident of rapid pro motion. "Well?" jerked out his employer. "There was no letter box, sir, and the note wouldn't go under the door ■o I tore It up Into little bite and shoved them through the keyhole." Our hero was then shoved through the door—almost into bits—and never came back. NOVEMBER 20, 1913 LIGHT BY WIRELESS IS POSSIBLE NOW Students Believe Illumi nation by Vibrations Sent Through the Ether Will Be the Next Great Advance of Science. GARRETT P. SERVISS FROM wireless telephony to wireless light—such is the program that certain bold spirits have proposed for the next great advance of practical science. In wireless telephony a voice drops out of circumambient space—the voice of a friend hun dreds of miles away, whose syl lables were transformed at the place where he spoke them into electric undulations which spread noiselessly through the ether like circles on a pond. At the point where you are these pass ing electric waves flutter the sensitive antennae of a receiving instrument and are eventually replaced again by the vibrations of sound. Light Through the Air on the Principle of Tele phony If we had wireless light it also would consist of undulations caught by the antennae of a re ceiving instrument, but they would be shorter than those em ployed for telephony, and when rendered perceptible it would be the eye instead of the ear that would be impressed by them. The man who had this kind of light in his house would push a button and instantly the room would be illuminated by glowing waves caught out of the ether, where before their transforma tion they had been passing in a flood of invisible billows. It would be far more myste rious than the electric lamps of today, for we can see the wires that supply them with current and connect them with the dy namo, whereas the waves pro ducing wireless light would come, without any conveying cables or tangible connections of any kind, from the point where the electric energy was pro duced, which might be hundreds of miles away, without even an ordinary road, much less a line of telegraph poles, connecting it with the place where the light was revealed. A distant river, rolling on its way, would have the energy of its waters trans formed into the vibrations re quired to produce wireless light, those vibrations would flow away, unseen, following the curves of the globe, and at this point and that, in this city, in that village, on yonder farm, wherever a human mind willed it so, they would be transfigured at the touch of tiny antennae into rays and beams of glorious light. To explain a little more clearly what making light by methods 4 resembling those by THE BEST LETTER WILLIAM F. KIRK YOU may write a thousand letters to the maiden you adore And declare in every letter that you love her more and more. You may praise her grace and beauty in a thousand glowing lines And compare her eyes of azure with the brightest star that shines. If you had the pen of Byron you would use it every day In composing written worship to your sweetheart far away; But the letter far more welcome to an older, gentler breast Is the letter to your mother from the boy she loves the best. Youthful blood is fierce and flaming, and when writing to your love You will rave about your passion, swearing by the stars above; Vowing by the moon's white splendor that the girlie you adore Is the one you'll ever cherish as no maid was loved before. You will pen full many a promise on those pages white and dumb That you never can live up to in the married years to come. But a much more precious letter, bringing more and deeper bliss Is the letter to your mother from the boy she can not kiss. She will read it very often when the lights are soft and low, Sitting in the same old corner where she held you years ago. And regardless of its diction or its spelling or its style, And although its composition would provoke a critic's smile. In her old and trembling fingers it becomes a work of art. Stained by tears of joy and sadness as she hugs it to her heart. Yes, the letter of all letters, look wherever you may roam, Is the letter to your mother from her boy away from home. Hg; Curious Facts A Liverpool cabman who turned chauffeur refused to sell his horse, which had for many years served faithfully both himself and his father. He sent it to a local establishment — a sort of Horses' Home of Rest— where the animal is still being com fortably maintained out of the small and hard earned income of its old master. During last year the street cars of Great Britain carried over 3,127,000, --000 passengers, or about 73 times the estimated population of the country. which we obtain waves for use in wireless telegraphy means, I will quote the recent statement of a French physicist, L. Houlle vigue: "Take an antenna, reduced for simplicity to a vertical mast planted in the ground. Excited electrically, it vibrates in manner of a sonorous* tube. The vibrations emitted are, by the laws of acoustics, four times longer than the tube or antenna. "An antenna 100 meters long emits waves of 400 meters length; it its length were one millimeter the waves would be four millimeters long. Now, electric waves as short as four millimeters actually exist; they* have been produced and studied. They have been reflected by a mirror, deviated by a prism and subjected to all the experiments of optics. They are already light, but invisible light, falling in the extreme infra-red part of the spectrum. In order to im press our eyes with a sensation of yellow light the antennas emitting the waves would have to be diminished to the 6800 th part of a millimeter in length. Waves of Electricity Con tain Invisible Light Rays "Is that impossible? Ido not believe so. Five or six years ago I obtained, by the method of cathodic projection, metallic grains which had nearly the di mensions required. More than that, the grains of gold or of silver in a colloidal state have almost those same dimensions. The day when we learn how to isolate some thousands of metal lic grains of the requisite minute ness and to make them electrically they will emit visible radiations." The experiments which are continually being made with new forms of vapor lamps, caused to glow by an electric current, give another promise for the future in that they indicate the possibility that, any day. some one may dis cover a substance which, when electrically excited, concentrates its energy of vibration entirely within the limits of the visible spectrum. Would Furnish a Light Without Heat to the World Such a substance would then furnish us with the nearest ap proach to "light without heat" that we could ever attain, an ap proach much nearer than that made by the glow worm with his vaunted cold light. There were 2,643 miles of route open. The total number of cars in use was 12.944, of which 12,435 were electric. There is in the City of Mexico a thieves' market, in which .stolen goods are publicly offered for sale. It occupies an entire square. Here may be found everything that Is portable, from a telescope to a ring, a silk dress, or a pair of stockings, and the articles are sold at about one-fifth their actual value. The A thieves do not sell the goods openly for that would he dishonest in the estimation of the Mexicans, but the sellers are those who p-— se . cretly from the thieves.