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The San Francisco call. [volume] (San Francisco [Calif.]) 1895-1913, December 02, 1913, Image 2

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MEXICO CITY
MENACED BY
VICTORIES
Fall of Chihuahua and Tux
pam Make It Certain Attack
on Capital Is Inevitable
Boon be menaced by the armies ap
proaching the capital from every di
rection.
MORE r. S. SHIPS ORDERED
LONDON, Dec. 2.—A Central News
dispatch whi(?h was received from
Marseilles today says that all nine of
the United States battleships .which
have been cruising in the Mediterra
nean were ordered to Vera Crux. These
ships are the, U*ah, Florida, Wyoming,
Vermont, Ohio, Arkansas. Delaware,
Connecticut and Kansas. According
to Washington dispatches only three
of these vessels were ordered to Mex
tCm. ' • V "'• •" • '.V
V. S. ARRESTS VILLE'S CHIEF
EL PASO, Dec 2.—'The United States
authorities, both military and civil,
fear complications with the Mexican
constitutionalists aa a result of recent
developments on the border. Colonel
Juan Medina, former chief of staff to
General Villa, commandant of the
Juarez garrison, Was arrested here
late last night and taken today to
Fort Bliss, where he is a prisoner,
charged with violation of the neu
trality laws. '.. ]
THOUSANDS FLEE MEXICO
LAREDO. Tex., Dec. 2.—A thousand
refugees have arrived from Mexico
within the last 2* hours, and another
train bearing 500 fugitive Americans,
Spaniards, Germans and Mexicans of
the wealthy class is due today. Among
the reoent arrivals are 10 members of
the Madere family, who charge Huerta
with trying to exterminate the fam
ily. •'. • |
PLEASED OVER CHIHUAHUA
WASHINGTON. Dec J. —Govern-
ment officials today expressed satis
faction over the reports tbat Chihua
hua has been evacuated by the fed
erals. They saki this meant the solu
tion of the problem of how to safe
guard ZOO- or more Americans in the
city In the event of a rebel attack
and is a sharp blow at Huerta.
JDEFUCEE DIES OF
A HARDSHIP ON TRIP
The death in Berkeley yesterday
afternoon of Mrs. Ada Belle Peter
sen, SO years old, makes the fifth fa
tality among a trainload of passen
gers who lately escaped from the in
terior of Mexico' after weeks of pri
vation. Mrs. .Petersen was the widow
of the former Swedish -consul general j
at Vera Crus. Her death occurred
at the home of a sister, Mrs. Mary E.
Rltter. wife of Prof. W E. Rltter of
the University of California, where
she was taken 111 .'on her arrival from
the south.
Mrs. Petersen was accompanied by
four sisters, Mrs. Mattle Van Valken
burgh, Mrs. Rltter,' Miss Hattie Trow
bridge and. Mrs. Maud Bale?, and a
sister in law, Mrs. Kate Trowbridge.
Miss Hattie Tra"wbrldge Is now sick,
being at toe. University hospital in
San Frah'cisc'o. - ■ • •
Tanker Kanawha's Keel
To Be Laid Monday
MARE ISLAND, Dec. 2.—Navy yard
employes will lay the keel of the
tanker-Kanawha next Monday at >:1S
o'clock; Chief Draftsman D. B.
Brown and Assistant Chief Draftsman
Harry ' will drive the flrst
rivet. Chief Estimator and Planner
M. H. Goshen wlil. be. the holderon,
while Assistant Chief Estimator snd
Planner C. Yeotnans will be the rivet
passer, and Lo/tsman William Novlss
will act as rivet heater.
The Job on the Kanawha will be
rushed, and 4t Is hoped that the ship
will be ready to be Launched early
next winter.
SAN RAFAEL LICENSES
SAN RAFAEL* Dec. 2.—Marriage
licenses issued here yesterday: Wil
liam England, 23, Richmond, and
Hasel Walther, Is. Santa Rosa; Marke
Marlals. 26, Oakland, and Ann Matko
vich, Tomales; Arthur Johnson. 22.
Oakland, and Tessie Majors, 21, Santa
STOMACH
SUFFERERS
If You Wish To Obtain Complete
and Permanent Results Try
Hf ayr's Wonderful Stomach Remedy
One Dose Will Convince You
Mnyr'i Wonderful Slnmarb Remedy
Is w-11 known throughout the coun
try Many thousand people have
taken It for Stomach Liver and In j
testlnal Ailments and report marvel
ous results and are highly praising :
It to others. Astonishing benefits
sufferers have received even from one I
dose are heard everywhere and ex 1
plain Its tremendous sale. It rarely [
ever falls and those afflicted WtttiJ
Diiimwli. Live* and lateatlnal All- i
acrats. Indlge»tl<>a. (lv la lav «t<»iu> <
•eh aud lateMUaea, Disalneaa, Katut- I
lag !»p*lUh t'olir Attack". Torpid Liver,
( ttoatlpaTioa, etc.. should by all means
try this remedy The benefits stom
ach sufferers who have taken Mayr**
\\ oonerful stomarta Kerned 7 have re
ceived Is In most cases a lasting one
Alter you have taken this Iten edy
you should be able to digest and as
Sim late ywur food, enable the hoar,
to pump pure red blood to every part
of ihe body, giving firmness and
strength to fiber and muscle, luster
ir.d sparkle to the eye. tearless and
solor to the complexion and netlvltj
tnd brilliancy to the brain Do iwav
v your pain and suffering, and
this Is often possible with even one
So?e of Mayr's Wonderful Stomaeb
Rrmedy. Interesting literature and,
Booklet describing Stomach Aliments
lent free by Geo. H Mayr. Ufa
Chemist. 15 4 156 Whiting St.. Chi
c*ko. ill
For sale by Owl Drug Co. and drug*
gists everywhere.
BRIDE ON WEDDING !
!! TRIP WHO WAS S. P. J
jl TRAIN BAN PIT VICTIM
Mrs. A. M. Colen of San Francisco, on honeymoon tour when lone
bandit held up train near Los Angeles.
Continued From Page 1
Horace E. Montague, a traveling
passenger agent living at Alhambra,
whe had been riding in the coach
ahead, appeared at the forward end of
the last coach in which the bandit
was holding sway.
When Montague appeared the ban
dit approached him and demanded
that he throw up his hands. Monta
gue refused and the bandit fired. The
bullet Inflicted a deep wound in Mon
tague's forehead.
TJONEYMOON PAIR
n BANDITS VICTIMS
Somewhere between Los Angeles
and San Francisco is a stranded
couple, on an interrupted honeymoon,
the bridegroom "broke," the bride
minus her engagement and wedding
rings, stripped from her Angers by
the bandit who robbed the Southern
Pacific train last night near Puente.
Luckily, the groom is a locomotive
engineer who knows every one, al
most, along the coast, and a thirty
second degree Mason as well. They
will live through it. according to the
father of the groom, J. H. Colen, who.
The illustration features 1 JST? jk. W Ipj 1 Sec special window show
four of the models sketched |1 -ft fa** j ing ol these Coats—forty
by our artist—forty other 9q&SIW fl-fT I four desirable models to
good styles included in the *Wi> jR 130*143 GEARY ST. | , : . ■
Another Sale of Coats in Which Values
% M%m Touch a New Mark and Sales
g y:>-g Will Set a New Record
[dfSßLwm ' Wednesday this sale occurs, and 210-Women's'and Misses* Coats specially
4jfH» \\l P« rcn: » sed and worth in th * rtguliT way .$35 uO, $39.50 and $45.00, will be on sale
la rmL bR IlaF ) We've had a rare price advantage in this purchase—a .saving which we share .
effiWdaWaaaaaP*-. i-Ji p j The coats are all new> in 7/s and shoTt,tt lengths. . They are modeled on
['^ y, J VBmX&kjT tne popular long line draped effect 9 and are stunning in style.
imm~* 'f I >;•{ 4Km 1 Broad tail, mole plush, ural lamb, broadcloth, chinchilla zibilene—these make
\wn ' •*' '-mM V PzJ Up the assortment °- material—and all the correct fall colorings are in the col
ttMp'i' S ii / j lection. Many of the styles have fur collars and reyers—civet cat, opossum,
WW wBaaHW 'M H / moufflon, etc., as well as the fabric furs so much used this season. All elegantly
i & iffy WSr t'J' *fy/ %r\ i lined with rich satins or heavy si!ks ' s ' zes 34 to 44 ancl misses ' 14 ' 16 ' 18 '
ffiM&cJtl ■ I/ i 1/ \ If bought in the regular way these coats would have to sell for $35.00; $39.50
/// j W WV ( and $45.00. But because we got a bargain you'll find them tomorrow at
Half Prices on Velvet, Plush and Broadtail Suits
This bare announcement should send a thrill through San Francisco's fashion world. It means just what it says—that
all our finest and most exclusive Suits are reduced exactly one-half.
Only the best styles—only the finest garments —only fhe choicest materials and colors shown.
Prices as follows: $85.00 Suits reduced to .$42.50
$39.50 Suits reduced to $19.75 98.50 Suits reduced to 49.25
49.00 Suits reduced to 24.50 125.00 Suits reduced to 62.50
75.00 Suits reduced to 37.50 Suits up to $245.00 priced at 122.50
THE SAN FRANCTSCO CALL, TOERPAY, DECEMBER 2, 1913
at his home, 239 A Webster street,
awaits news of the wanderers.
The groom is Arthur M. Colen. The
bride was Miss Minnie McNulty. a
stenographer. They were married
November 20, and, equipped with
plenty of funds, started on a honey
moon tour to New Orleans and return.
During last night's robbery they were
despoiled of almost everything valu
able they possessed.
OAKLAND WIDOW IS
RELIEVED OF $60
Mrs. Laura E. Doty, widow of
Irving Doty, who was forced to give
up $60 to a train robber near Los
Angeles, is expected to arrive in Oak
land late this afternoon, according to
a telegram received by her sister, Mrs.
Anna Harris of Le Grande apart
ments, Oakland. The wire did not
have any Information as to the ex
periences of the Oakland woman In
the holdup. At the time of the rob
bery, Mrs. Doty was returning from
Chicago, where sue had been visiting
a daughter. She lives at 1685 Twelfth
street, Oakland.
DIRECT PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATIONS ARE URGED
Continued From Page 1
tional friendship by ratifying the sev
iral treaties of arbitration awaiting
renewal by the senate.
In addition to these it has been the
privilege of the department of state
to gain the assent, in principle, of no
less than 31 nations, representing
four-fifths of the population of the
world, to the negotiation of treaties
Dy which It shall be agreed that when.
;ver differences of interest or policy
arise which can not be solved by the
ordinary processes of diplomacy they
shall be publicly analyzed, discussed
md reported upon by a tribunal chosen
3y the parties before either nation de
termines its coarse of action.
There is only one possible standard
ay which to determine controversies
aetween the United States and other
latlons and that It Is compounded of
these two elements: Our own honor
md our obligations to the peace of
the world. A test so compounded
>ught easily to be made to govern
aoth the establishment of new treaty
>bligations and the interpretation of
;hose already assumed. •
I Huerta Must Let Go I
r HERE is. but one cloud upon our
horizon. That has shown itselX to
he south of us, and hangs over Mexico,
rhere can b* no certain prospect of
peace In America until General Huerta
aas surrendered his usurped authority
n Mexico; until It is understood -in
ill-lands. Indeed, that such pretended
governments will, not be countenanced
>r dealt with by the government of
he United States. We are the friends
>f constitutional government In Amer
ca;'we are .more'than its friends; we
ire Its', champions, because In no'other
way can-, our neighbors, to whom .we
would wish In every way to make
jroof of our friendship', work out 'their
>wn development In peace and liberty,
dexico has no., government. -.
' The' attempt '-to maintain one at the
31t'y" ; of Mexico has broken down,"and a.
mere -'miMtary despotism has been' set
ip'-.which, has hardly more, than the
Semblance of national authority, 'It
>riginated in the usurpation of Victor
ano Huerta, who, after a brief at
einpt to play the part of eonstltu
ional president, has at last cast aside
:ven the pretense of legal right and
leclared himself dictator.
As a consequence, a condition of
iffalrs now exists in Mexico which
*as made it doubtful whether even
;he most elementary and fundamental
-Ights either of her own people or the
Mtizens of other countries resident
within her territory can long be suc
cessfully safeguarded, and which
;hreatens, If long continued, to Im
peril the interests of paaee, order and
;olerable life in the lands Immedi
itely to the south of us. Even if the
jsurper had succeeded in his purposes,
n despite of the constitution of the
•epublic and the rights of Its people,
le would have set up nothing but a
irecarious and hateful power, which
•ould have lasted but a little whtle,
md whose eventful downfall would
lave left the country In a more de
plorable condition than ever.
But he has not succeeded. He has
'orfeited the respect and the moral
support even of those who were at
>ne time willing to see him succeed,
kittle by little he has been completely
solated.
By a little every day his power and
prestige are crumbling and the col
apse is not far away. We shall not,
[ believe, be obliged to alter our pol
cy of watchful waiting. And then,
when the end comes, we shall hope to
>cc constitutional order restored In
ilstressed Mexico by the concert and
mergy of such of her leaders as pre
fer the liberty of their people to her
jwn ambitions.
| Currency Reform
c —— 1 — ; : —•*
[TURN to matters of domestic con
cern. You already have under con
ilderatlon a bill for the reform of our
system of banking and currency, for
which the country waits with impa
tience, as for something fundamental
to its whole business life and neces
sary to set credit free from arbitrary
md artificial restraints. I need not
lay how earnestly I hope for Its early
snactment Into law. I take leave to
beg that the whole energy and! at
tention of the senae be concentrated
upon it until the matter is success
fully disposed of. And yet I feel that
the request Is not needed—that the
members of that great house need no
urging In this service to the country.
I present to you, in addition, the
urgent necessity for special provision
being made also for facilitating the
credits needed by the farmers of the
country. The pending currency bill
does the farmers a great service. 'It
puts them upon an equal footing with
other business men and masters of
enterprise, as it should; and upon its
passage they will find themselves quit
of many of the difficulties which now
hamper them in the field of credit.
The farmers, of course, ask and
should be given no special privilege,
■ucp as extending to them the credit
of the government itself. What they
need and should obtain is legislaion
which will make their own abundant
and substantial credit resources avail
able as a foundation for joint, con
certed local action in their own be
half in getting the capital they must
use. It is to this we should now ad,
dress ourselves.
♦ .... c-
Allowed to Lag
IT has, singularly enough, come to
pass that we have allowed the In
dustry of out farms to lag behind the
other activities of the country in its
development I need not stop to tell
you how fundamental te the life of
the nation is the production of. Its
food. Our thoughts may ordinarily be
concentrated upon the cities and the
hives of Industry, upon the cries of
the crowded market place and the
clangor of the factory, but It Is from
the quiet Interspaces of the open val
ley? and. the free hillsides that we
draw the souroe of. life and o.f pros
perity; -ttom the farm and the ranch,
from the forest and the mine. With
out these every street would be silent,
every office deserted, every factory
fallen into disrepair.' And yet the
farmer does not stand upon the same
footing with the forester and the
mine* In the market of credit He. is
the servant of the seasons. Naturl
determines how long he must wait for
his . crops, and w}-U Trot be, hurried in
her .processes. He may give'his note,
but the season of Its . maturity de-.
perids upon the season W.hen his crop,
matures, lies at the gates of. the niar-.
ket where his products are sold. And.
the security he gives Is of. a character,
not known in the brokers-office., or. aa
familiarly as it. might. be. "on- the.
counter of the banker;.
S Farming Efocseinicy; f
--|■. : — . V
nr HE agricultural department of the
1 government is seeking to assist as
never before to make farming, an
efficient business, of wide co-operative
effort, in quick touch with the market
for foodstuffs. The farmers and the
government will henceforth work to
gether as real partners in this field,
where we now begin t© see our. way
very clearly and where many intelli
gent plans are already being put into
execution. The treasury Of the United
States has. by a timely and well con
sidered distribution of its deposits,
facilitated the moving of the crops in
the present season and prevented the
scarcity of available funds too often
experienced at such time. But we
must not allow ourselves to depend
upon extraordinary expedients. We
must add the means by whtoh the
farmer may make his credit con
stantly and easily available and com
mand when he will the capital bY
which to support and expand his busi
ness. We lag behind many other great
countries of the modern world in at
tempting to do so. Systems of rural
credit have been studied and developed
on the other side of the water/while
we left our farmers to shift for them
selves In the ordinary money market.
You have but to look about you In any
rural district to see the result, the
handicap and embarrassment which
have been put upon those who pro
duce our food.
| Study Rural Credit
CONSCIOUS of this backwardness
and neglect on our part, the con
gress recently authorised the creation
of a special commission to study the
currency systems of rural credit which
have been put Into operation in
Europe, and this commission is al
ready prepared to report. Itt report
ought to make It easier for us to de
termine what methods will be best
suited to our own farmers. I hope and
believe that the committees of the
senate and house will address . them
selves to this matter with the most
fruitful results, and I'believe that: the.
studies and recently formed plans of
the department of agriculture may be
made to serve them very greatly in
their work of framing appropriate and
adequate legislation. It would be tn
i discreet end presumptuous In. any one
j to: dogmatize upon so great and many
l sided a question,. but I feel confident
' that oc-mmon counsel will produce the
j results we must all desire.
I • Sherman' Law Stand j
I + i ! —— : — ■— ■ — *-r"!*
TURN from the farm to the world
of biislnea. which centers in the
ity and In the factory, and I think
that all thoughtful observers will
igree that the immediate service we
jwe the business communities of the
;ountry Is to prevent private monop
oly more effectually than It has yet
seen prevented. I think it will be
jasily agreed that she should let the
Sherman anti-trust law stand, unal
tered, as it Is. with Its debatable
ground by further and more explicit
legislation; and should also supple
ment that great act by legislation
tvhich will not only clarify It, but also
facilitate its administration and make
t fairer to all-concerned.
No doubt we shall all wish, and the
sountry will expect, this to be the cen
tral subject of our deliberations dur
n*r the present sess on; but it is v
subject so many sided and so deserv
ing of careful and discriminating dis
cussion that I shall take the liberty
of addressing you upon it in a special
message at a later date than this.
DIRECT. NOMINATIONS
It is of capital importance that the
business men of this country -should
be relieved of all uncertainties of law
with regard to their enterprises and
investments and a clear path indi
cated which they can travel without
Anxiety.
It Is as Important that they should
be relieved of embarrassment and set
free to prosper as that private mr
nopoly should be destroyed. The
ways of. action should be thrown wide
jpen. -• • • • .-
I : -Primary Elections I
+r~- — r — *
|. TURN to -a subject which I hope
a can'be .handled promptly and with
>ut serious controversy of any kind.
C mean the method .of- selecting noml
lfees for the presidency 'of the Unjited
states. I . fee] confident. that I do
lot misinterpret, the wishes or the ex
pectations of the country when.l urge
the pro.mpt enactment of-■ legislation
wihi.ch. -will provide for primary elec
tions throughout the country at which
.he. voters, of .the..several parties may
:hoose their nominees for the presi
lehcy. without the intervention of
lominating conventions.
. : CONVENTIONS. SECONDARY
I venture the suggestion that this
eglslation should provide for the re
lentiqn. of party conventions, but only
or the purpose-of declaring and ac
:epting the verdict of the primaries
md formulating the platforms of the
partus; and I suggest that these con
ientlons should consist not of dele
rates chosen for this single purpose,
3Ut of .the nominees for congress, the
jomlnees for vacant seats in the sen
ile of the United States, the senators
whose terms have, not yet closed, the
latipnal committees, and the candl
« i be P r e«'dency themselves.
< h »< the platforms may be
SSS ? * y the *' r «»P«naible to. the
people for carrying them Into effect.
• ' .1 ■
I ■'■ Islands.-. Independent I
'T ,HESE are all matters of vital do
«,.»^r tic^ con - cern - and besides them,
outside the charmed circle of our
own national life in which our affec
tions command us. as well as our
consciences, there stand out our obli
gations toward our territories over
the sea.
Here we are trustees. Porto Rico.
Hawaii, the Philippines, are ours, once
regarded as mere possessions, are no
longer to be. selfishly exploited; they
are part of the domain of public con
science and of serviceable and enlight
ened statesmanship. We must admin
ister them for the people who live in.
them and with the same sense of re
sponsibility to them as toward our
DEERINO BROS.
Bona Fide FIRE SALE
' =OF =
FINE SHOES
EVERY SHOE IN THE STORE REDUCED
Shoes not even damaged sold at greatly re
duced prices. Smoked and damaged shoes for
almost nothing.
i
Women's Dress Shoes, $5, frl QC Men's Working Shoes, $3 (1 1C
$4 and $3.50 grades at.. J | .93 and $2.50 grades at $|. f J
Children's Dress Shoes, QC n Men's Dress Shoes, $4.00 fr-l QC
$1.50 grades at 031 and $3.50 grades at J I .U J
Mary Jane Pumps, $3.00 & * 111 Boys' Shoes, $2.50 and <M JC
grades at... * Jl./U $2.00 grades at 4). /W
Ladies' Holiday Slippers, flC n Men's Holiday Slippers JC«
-$1.50 grades at JUU
918 Market Street
Opposite Hale's
I Much more refreshing than green tea I
I and goes twice as far. 1
[ Tea J
own people in our domestic affairs.
No doubt we shall successfully enough
bind Porto Rico and the Hawaiian isl
ands to ourselves by ties of justice
and affection, but the performance of
our duty toward the Philippine* is a
more difficult and debatable matter.
We can satisfy the obligations of
generous Justice toward the people of
Porto Rico by giving them the ample
and familiar rights and privileges ac
corded our own citizens in our own
territory and our obligations toward
the people of Hawaii by perfecting
the privileges of self-government al
ready granted them, but in the Philip
pines we must go further.
We must hold steadily in view their
ultimate independence, and we must
move toward the time of that inde
pendence as steadily as the way can
be cleared and the foundations thor
oughly and permanently laid.
| Test of Responsibility |
ACTING under the authority con
ferred upon the president by con
gress, I have already accorded the
people of the Islands a majority In
both houses of their executive body
by appointing five instead of four na
tive citizens to the membership of the
commission. I believe that in this way
we shall make proof of their capacity
in counsel and their sense of tne re
sponsibility in the exercise of political
power, and that the success of this
step will be sufe to clear our view for
the steps which are to follow.
Step by step we should extend and
perfect the system of self-governmsnt
in the Islands, making test of them
and modifying them as experience dis
closes their successes and failures;
that we should more and more put
under the control of the native citi
zens of the archipelago the essential
instruments of their life, their local
Instrumentalities of government, their
schools, all the common Interests of
their communities, and so by counsel
and experienoe set up a government
which all the world will see to be
suitable to a pepple whose affairs are
under their own control.
At last. I hope and believe, we are
beginning to gain the confidence Of
the Filipino people. By their counsel
and experience, rather than by our
own, we shall learn how best to serve
them and how soon It will be possible
and wise to withdraw our supervision.
Let us once And the path and set out
with firm, confident tread upon It, and
we shall not wander from It or linger
upon it.
| Duty Toward Alaska
A duty faces us with regard to
Alaska which seems to me very press
ing and very imperative; perhaps I
should say a double duty, for it con
cerns both the political and the ma
terial development of the territory.
The people of Alaska should be given
the full territorial form of govern
ment, and Alaska, as a storehouse,
should be unlocked. One key to it is a
system of railways. These the gov
ernment should itself build and ad
minister, and the ports and terminals
it should Itself control in the inter
ests of all who wish to use them for
the service and development of the
country and Its people.
But the construction of railways Is
only the first step; Is only thrusting
In the key to the storehouse and
throwing back the lock and opening
the door. How the tempting resources
of the country are to be exploited is
another matter, to which I ahall take
the liberty of from time to time call
| ing to your attention, for it is a policy
which must be worked out by well
considered stages, not upon theory.
but upon lines of practical experience.
It is part of our general problem of
conservation.
We have a freer hand In working
out the problem in Alaska than in the
states of the Union; and yet the prin
ciple and object are the name, wher
ever we touch it. We must use the
resources of the country, not lock
them up.
There need be no conflict or Jeal
ousy as between state and federal au
thorities, for there can be no essen
tial difference of opinion between
them. The resources in question
must be used, but not destroyed or
wasted; used, but not monopolized
upon any narrow idea of individual
rights as against the abiding Inter
ests of communities.
That a policy can be worked out by
conference and concessions which will
release these resources and yet not
jeopardize or dissipate them, I for one
have no doubt, and it can be done on
lines' of regulation which need be no
less acceptable to the people and gov
ernments of the state concerned than
to the people or government of the
nation at large whose heritage these
resources are. We must bend our
counsels to this end. A common
purpose ought to make agreement
«asy.
| Specially Important j
THREE or four matters of special
importance and significance I beg
that you will permit me to menton n
closing.
Our bureau of mines ought to be
equipped and empowered to render
even more effectual service than It
renders now in improving the condi
tions of mine labor and making the
mines more economically productive,
as well as more safe. This is an all
important part of the work of conser
vation, and the conservation of human
life and energy lies even nearer fcoour
interest than the preservation from
waste of our Tiaterial resources.
We owe It In mere justice to the
railway employes of the country to
provide for them a fair and effective
employes' liabilty act and a law that
we can stand by In this matter win
be no less to the advantage of those
who administer the railroads of the
country than to the advantage of
those whom they employ. The expe
rience of a large number Of the states
abundantly proves that
Safety at Sea
AN International congress foF the
discussion of all questions that
affect safety at sea is now sitting at
London at the suggestion of our own
government. So soon as the coaclu
sions of that oongress can be learned
and considered we ought to address
ourselves, among other things, to the
prompt alleviation of the very un
safe, unjust and burdensome condi
tions which now surround the em
ployment of sailors, and render it ex
tremely difficult to obtain the serv
ices of spirited and competent men
such as every ship needs if it Is to
be safely handled and brought to
port.
May I not express the very real
pleasure I have experienced in co
operating with this congress and
sharing with it the labors of com
mon service to which It has devoted
Itself so unreservedly during the past
seven months of uncomplaining con
centration upon the business of legis
lation?
When a woman runs across the
street to a neighbor's house for Just
a minute she stays an hour.

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