WAR VETERANS AND
((•publican Party Wholly Responsi
ble for Caring for Old
Democrats Opposed All Friendly Aid
—Damning Record —Taft Great
Friend of G. A. R.
The Republican party has just cause
to l>e proud of Its pension record. With
the aid of patriotic men from other
parties it waged to a successful con
clusion, the greatest war of modern
It has never ceased to honor the
officers and men who composed the
victorious army. Every Republican
President elected since the close of
that war had been a conspicuous offi
cer of the Federal army, with the ex
ception of President Roosevelt, whose
brilliant record in the Spanish war is
a matter of just pride to the American
Iteiiolillcan Penalon LegUlatlon.
Republican legislation for the old
soldier, ills widow and liis minor chil
dren has boon generous and bountiful.
The Invalid Pension Law of July 14,
1802. and the Dependent Law of June
27. 1890, are monuments of Republi
can achievement and bear witness to
the country’s tender care of its soldiers
and its sailors and their families.
The Act of June 27. 1890, is a fitting
illustration of the generosity of the
Republican party toward the veterans
of the Civil War. This law was passed
by a Republican Congress, was signed
by a Republican President, and through
its administration there was expended
during tlit next fiscal year a total
amount of $08,798,800.71. The number
of soldiers receiving the benefit of this
act amounted to 443.721, while the num
ber of the dependents relieved by this
Act was 171.27*9. The gain In the num
ber of pensioners under this Act, over
the previous year was 8,043 and the
gain from June 30, 1890, to January 5,
1904, was 4,993.
The Republican party passed the Act
of April 19, 1908, Increasing pensions
of ail widows from $8 to sl2 per month
and granting pensions without refer
ence to the value of property or In
come. The Republican party also
passed the Act of February 6, 1907,
granting pensions to soldiers by reason
of age alone, without regard of dis
Democratic Opposition Record.
The Democratic party, as such, has
opposed every measure voting appro
priations for pensions. Its record for
the past forty years is one of oppo
sition to those men who bore the hard
ships of war and Jeopardized their
lives that the Union might be preserv
ed. Here is a brief list of their offi
cial, adverse Acts in Congress towards
the veterans of the Civil War:
In 1878 a bill passed the House re
-1 sealing all limitations of time in which
applications for arrears of pensions
should be made. This was opposed by
a majority of the Democrats. The bill
increasing the pensions for widows
from eight to twelve dollars per month
was opposed by the Democrats. The
Amputation Bill passed August 4,189 G,
was opposed by the Democrats and vot
ed for solidly by the Republicans in
the House. The Widows’ Arrears Bill,
the Disability Pension Bill were both
fought bitterly by the Democrats.
In the Forty-third Congress a De
j>endent Pension Bill was voted on in
the Senate, the Republicans supporting
it solidly and the Democrats opposing
It by a two-thirds vote. In the House
this bill was voted for solidly by Re
publicans and opposed by a majority
of the Democrats. After it had passed
the House and Senate it was vetoed by
President Cleveland, a Democrat. An
effort was made in the House to pass
the bill over Cleveland’s veto, the Re
publicans voting 138 for it and the
Democrats voting 125 against it
Thiß vote Showed that twenty-nine
l>emocrats who had originally voted for
the bill hastened to avail themselves of
the opportunity afforded by the presi
dent's veto, to vote against it, thus tes
tifying their real sentiments, while
twenty other Democrats who had dodg
ed the flrst vote came up promptly and
supported the veto. The Dependent
Pension bill was bitterly opposed by
the Democrats, the Republicans putting
it through despite the opposition. This
bill, as the old soldiers well know,
was promptly signed by President Har
To sum up, the following gives tbs
total of fourteen votes of Congress
upon tbs most Important of tbs various
I tension measures presented since tbs
Democrats for tbs bills 417
Democrats against tbs bills 048
Republicans for tbs bills 1000
Republicans against tbs bills... .None
Tbs sdicial records of national legis
lation Shew that of all tbs Republican
presidents since tbs war, only one baa
withheld bis signature from any pen
sion Mil, end that was Gen oral Grant
whs was forced to decline to approve
five of these Mila. Tl»s Democrats ha vs
only bean In power for a tow brief
years Moss tbs war, and their presi
dent Orsvsr Cleveland, vetoed 029 pen
sion Mils. Tbs records show that
every pmnlen law baa been passed by
Republican votes, and every pension
bill defeated lias been defeated by Dem
ocratic votes—every pension bill ve
toed, G 29 in number, was vetoed by a
Democratic president—except five.
The Old Soldier** Friend.
The Republican party Ims kept Its
promises. Through Its legislation there
has l»eeu disbursed in the payment of
pensions on account of the Civil war,
to June 30, IJMTB, $3,533,593,025.95, and
there were on the pension rolls on the
last date 633,338 veterans of the Civil
war and a total of 907,371 i>eiisioners of
all wars and classes, and ou June
30, 1905, there were approximately on
the pension rolls, 021,000 surviving vet
All the civilized nations of the earth
combined have not equaled the United
Suites in liberality in granting pensions,
bounties, homesteads and land war
rants, providing homes, etc., for war
veterans. The appropriation for the
present fiscal year, for paying pensions,
is $102,000,000.00 —more than one-fifth
of the entire revenue of the govern
No man who was not old enough to
be a factor in that great struggle could
give his heart and soul more completely
to the welfare and wellbeing of the vet
erans who fought for liberty and right
In the days of 'Ol to *OS. than Mr. Taft.
He Is the recognized and distinguished
friend of the old soldier and is pledged
to carry out Republican policy in a
generous manner towards the Grand
Army of the Republic. He has never
been too busy to see the veteran and
listen with sympathetic interest to his
Just demands. Taft, as President, will
be an abiding fast friend to all the
survivors of ail our wars.
BRYAN AND TILLMAN.
Hold Identical Views on the Ques
tion of Negro Disfranchisement.
On the question of negro disfran
chisement Bryan, of Nebraska, and Till
man of South Carolina, stand shoulder
to shoulder. Mr. Bryan Ims defined his
attitude in the following language:
“The white man in the south has dis
franchised the negro in self-protection.
The white men of the south are de
termined that the negro shall be dis
franchised everywhere if necessary to
prevent t lie recurrence of the horrors
of carpetbag rule.”
Senator Tillman has spoken even
more frankly, as witness the following:
“We stuffed ballot boxes and we shot
negroes. We are not ashamed of it.”
.In the south Mr. Bryan poses as the
special friend of the negroes and as
sures them that his election as presi
dent will be greatly to their advantage.
Senator Tillman also insists that he is
their best friend. Both of these emi
nent Democrats would prove their
friendship for the negro by robbing him
of his constitutional rights.
That the intelligent negro citizens of
northern states should vote for Mr.
Bryan in spite of his open approval of
the disfranchisement of their fellow
negroes of the south Is simply unbe
lievable. As well might they be ex
pected to vote for the restoration of
Taft trged Unloalaae.
Whenever the occasion has made it
proper for him to do so, William How
ard Taft has invariably shown his be
lief In the wisdom of justice of organ
ized labor. Not only as a Judge on the
bench but as governor of the Philip
pine Islands and as secretary of war,
having control of upwards of 30,000
laborers employed in the Panama Canal
zone, he has recognized the right of
workingmen to organize for their own
protection and advantage. As govern
or of the Philippines Mr. Taft strong
ly urged the native workingmen to
form labor unions, partly as a means
of Inculcating correct ideals of the dig
nity of labor and partly in order to
guard against the peril of a vast in
flow of cheap labor from China. —La-
Qomperi ud Ualoa Labor.
The prediction that union labor
would resent the attempt of President
Gompers of the American Federation to
drag it Into the Bryan camp was freely
ventured early In the campaign. Now
It Is coming true. Hardly a day passes
without fresh advances from some part
of the country of serious friction be
tween the leader of the Federation and
his former supporters.
Evidently Gompers will not be able
to carry out his undertaking to deliver
the union labor vote to Bryan. Union
labor is intelligent enough and Inde
pendent enough to insist upon doing
political thinking for itself. —-Milwau-
kee Evening Wisconsin.
“Whea elected, m 1 expeet
to bo, I Intend to oontinne wmr
Interest In labor. I am for
giTlag labor Its risht to bo
pat oa a lore! with employing
aad other elaaaea, neither
abore aor below. 1 am for
gtetag labor a *«aaro deal.**
—William H. Taft at Cbloapro.
Oplaloa of aa ladepeadoat.
The voters of the United States will
certainly understand Mr. Taft by elec
tion day, and we shall see whether they
desire such sn orderly advancing of tbs
Interests of good government, of honest
end sound progress all along the line,
ss he promises—for he Is a transparent
ly honest man, amply committed to the
Roosevelt policies, and can be trusted to
stand for them with wisdom and
Brraa Dlda*« Kaow.
Governor Hughes vetoed the 2-cent
passenger rate bill because a state com
mission appointed for the purpose has
the matter under investigation. Bryan
attacks Hughes without apparently
knowing that thers Is such a commis
sion. Bat tbs Idea of Investigating
would sting him anyway.—4M. Louis
EXPERIENCED WORKMAN—DON’T VOTE YODBSELP OUT OP A JOB.
DUTY OF THE FIRST VOTER
May Change Results in Certain
Should Carefully Examine Record of
Two Leading Parties and Start
It is not beyond the range of possi
bility thut the first voters in this presi
dential election may hold the balance
of power in a few of the doubtful
States. It is difficult to ascertain the
exact strength of this vote, hence it
offers a fertile field for speculation.
An intelligent estimate arrived at by
the only authentic data available would
seem to establish the number of first
voters in the United States at this pres
idential election somewhere near three
million. These young men are to cast
their first ballot for President in early
There is also no accurate way of
knowing Just how these votes are pro
rated to the different States. It is
probably true that the safely Democrat
ic States and the safely Republican
States have something of a similar
quota, and to that extent, of course, the
votes in the electoral college will not
be influenced either way, but how about
the effect of this unknown vote in the
Past experience shows that in these
States an Increased suffrage In favor
of one party or the other, from 1 to
4 per cent, may change the results and
murk the defeat or victory of either
party. It is the flrst votes In doubt
ful States that is of supreme Impor
tance. How will they be cast? For
Democracy, negation—a policy destruc
tive of all that Is good, and obstructive
of all that is progressive—or shall they
lie for Taft and Sherman, who repre
sent the great constructive business
league in America, known as the Re
Performance Va. Pronto.
The performances of the Republican
party may well be contrasted with the
obstructive tactics of the party of slav
ery, State rights, se<*esßion, anti-expan
sion, free silver, free trade, government
ownership of railroads, and numerous
other foolish and impossible makeshift
expediences. From the immortal Lin
coln to the renowned Taft, there ia one
long line of brilliant achievements to
the credit of the Republican party.
Foremost among these many victories
will forever stand the abolition of
human slavery. Lincoln gave his lito
that four millions of human beings
might be set free. He washed the stain
of human slavery forever from the
stars and stripes. The Republican par
ty saved the Union and made this a
free republic forever.
Thirty-seven years later the cry of
the oppressed went up from Cuba; her
people had been ground Into the dust
for four centuries by Rpanisb greed and
oppression. Another Republican Presi
dent, another American martyr, came
to the rescue of the Queen of the An
tilles, and William McKinley, acting tor
the Republican party, freed Cuba and
put her feet upon the solid rock of
peace and hope. Invincible in war, the
Republican party has accomplished
great things In time of peace. Only a
generation ago a Republican Secretary
of State purchased from despotic Rus
sia its only possession on the North
American continent —Alaska — and In
stead of It being a menace, as It for
merly wee, to the peace of oar land. It
now stands as a sentinel guarding
American Interests in the Northern Pa
cite and Atlantic oceans.
Another great Republican Secretary
of State secured for the United States
the open-door policy In China and thus
guaranteed equal commercial rights for
America In the Celestial Kingdom for
all time. Through a Republican Pres
ident and n great Secretary of Wor
th* Hon. William Howard Taft—the
United States Is te-day building the
Panama canal—the realisation of the
dream of agea.
Whn w. acquired th. Philippi m,
aad Part# Rico wa aat about to eatab
llab public acboola and mate aducatloa
poaatble to all thorn atraaca pooplaa.
Now kuadrada of tbouaaada of PUlplaa
aad Porta Rlcaa children at* apaaklaf
the Bafllah language aad etagtag tha
aanga of patriotism aad ftetdam wttb
thalr facta turaad la tha fMM cad
A LESSON TO FIRST VOTERS.
their eyes resting complacently upon
the “Star Spangled Banner.”
For all time these matchless victories
in war, and constructive statesmanship
in peace, will stuiul to the credit of the
Known by It* Fruit*.
The Republican party never has had
factions within Itself concerning issues.
It has been unanimous In knowing what
it stood for. There is something about
the Republican party that sends things
up above par, and something about the
Democratic party that sends things
down lielow par. Above par Is sun
light, summer, hope and plenty. Above
par is the fire light dancing on the
walls of contentment, to the song of
the kettle singing on the hearth of
plenty. Below par. Hunger aad Want
and Bankruptcy sit brooding by dead
ashes, while the candle of life gutter*
down to the shape of a winding sheet.
A Daunli* Hword.
The people of this country only once
in nearly a half century have listened
to Democratic promises, followed Dem
ocratic advice, and placed that party
in power. During that Itemocratic ad
ministration our national debt increased
a half million dollars each day. Each
day we lost a half mill ion dollars In
foreign trade ; farm products decreased
more than $500,000,000. Fear, distrust
and panic paralyzed the great industrial
system of our country; banks closed
their doors; business houses assigned ;
the balance of trade was against ua;
bonds were Issued; capital withdrew
from the field of legitimate enterprise
into secret places; labor was forced In
to unwilling idleness; we bad deserted
mills, smokeless factorlee, silent ma
What has the Democratic party done
to command confidence that gives It a
right to assume to advise the American
people. The Democratic party asks al
ways to be judged by the future and not
by the past It always asks to be
Judged by its promises and not by its
jierformances. Why should a party
that brought upon ns the horrors of the
Cleveland administration, that went
hysterical over free silver, a party that
has learned nothing in fifty years, that
has forgotten nothing In fifty years, a
party that has not kept a promise la
fifty years, a party that has not been
right In fifty years—why should this
party assume that with it wisdom
shall perish from the earth?
The Democratic party always has Its
face to the past and !ta back to the
future. It never sees an opportunity
until It la passed, and never gets on the
right side of any issue until It la set
tled. Such Is a portion of the record
of this self-constituted keeper of the
country’s conscience, and the country's
welfare, the oft-defeated, discouraged,
disorganized, disgraced, divided, de
crepit old Democratic party. It stands
to-day without an issue, without a prin
ciple, without a policy, without a plat
form, without a leader, ami without
The first voter should vote and vote
right He will vote right by voting
for Taft and Republican prosperity.
Ikawa Fr**p*rtty mi Valeo*.
“They are not gone,” replied Mr.
Taft “The labor organizations today
are more prosperous, have mere Influ
ence, have more lawful control than
they ever had In their Hvee before. The
American Federation of Labor has In
creased its numbers 100 per cent. The
International Typographical union In
its annual report showed an Increase
from 28.000 to 45,000. They paid In
five millions of dollars; they bad $280,-
000 In their treasury and they never
bad such prosperity or influence In
their lives and the teals upon wfelck
those organisations hsvs been con
structed are the legal lines which I laid
down la my legal opinions. Therefore,
I claim that there Is aobodpy In public
life that tea done bmts 9s legalise end
give force and standing 9s labor mdste
than I have."
nTjH* can picture the prosperity
and welfare of 90,000,000 people, ear
rted upon a great engine, with s eelefe
ties of sue ef two engineers* both la
tent upon ranching a certain objective
point, both honest, both determined. I
believe the eelectlsn ef William H. Taft
weald he the eetoetSen ef tte engineer,
whn* earnestly tntant epsn hls mission,
weald eonsult the lUmts s t sstoty
or gauger of track and weald antes In
«htr at his destination. Mr. Bryan*
If sslsf9M weald threw tee terettle
wide open aad with hfts Impsllws sad
flgteamaste* weald he an likely 9s Mad
Bryan Opposed to Giving Bobraaka
It has been charged in the Capital
that ou the subject of pensions Col.
William J. Bryan was not patriotic
while a member of congress. The
friends of the colonel dispute the'State
But there is auother record.
Every one remembers the great career
of the First Nebraska volunteers In tbs
Philippine Islands. That regiment
made a reputation which thrilled tbs
The Nebraska legislature In 1899
adopted the following Joint resolution:
“Be It resolved by the legislature of
the State of Nebraska. That the thanks
of the State be hereby extended to the
officers and men of the First Nebraska
regiment of the United States volun
teers for their gallant conduct on tbs
Held of battle, their courage In th*
presence of danger and their fortitude
In th* hardships of camp and cam
•'Resolved, That we acknowledge with
gratitude and Joy the debt the State
owes them by reason of the honors con
ferred upou"it by their valor while de
fending In the fur-off Philippines the
principles of our government and add
ing new glory to our flag. We pledge
the honor of the Stats that to the liv
ing shall be accorded worthy distinc
tion, and to the dead all that can be
given to the dead—a fitting memorial
of their fame."
The governor of Nebraska at that
time was a Democrat and he vetoed this
resolution, and later It was charged
that this was done on tbs advice of
Mr. Bryan. On the 8d of May, 1809.
In an open letter to the editor of the
State Journal, published In Lincoln, Mr.
Bryan denied that Governor Poynter
discussed the question with him prior
to the publication of the veto. He
"I knew nothing of the passage of
tbs resolution until I read th* veto
message In th* newspapers. I approve
of the governor's action, however, and
believe that be did right In thwarting
a partisan attempt to make political
capital out of the bravery of Nebraska
We call the attention of Captain
Clark and other veterans of the civil
war to this partisan action on th* par!
of Colonel Bryan.
In no State In tbs union, except Ne
braska, could such a veto and such a
letter have appeared. And It could not
bars occurred In Nebraska except for
tbs partisan leadership of Colonel
Looking on the matter as history that
is made and cannot be undone, one can
not realise that the governor of Ne
braska would take the action which he
did, nor can It be realised that Colonel
Bryan would approve It—Des Moines
ST JAMES J. MONTAGUE.
Bryan bad a little Past he thought had
But everywhere he wandered it was
Johnnie on the Spot
When hs cried, “I'm strong for honest
Bis Past rose up and wildly yelled,
“Rah! Rah! Sixteen to one!”
When he said, “Labor ought to bar* a
a fair and honest chance,”
The Past bawled, “Yes, but Working
men are public mendicants I”
When hs said, “Down with Trusts that
would the populace despoil 1”
■ls Past observed, “Save Haskell and
his friend, the Standard Oil 1”
When Bryan yodlsd, "Railrood* are a
thing that am should spam,”
■ls Past remarked unfeelingly, “Thsy're
mighty good to Kami”
Whan hs said, “I have never sought
my private pane t* fill 1"
■la Past observed, “Accept, ef centos,
from Mr. Bennett's wfllP*
“I stand upon my record,” often Bryan
And then his Past weuld whisper,
“Beys, there ain't ns record
■e dodged about and la and out and
when men sew him last
■a still was vainly making te escape
from little Past
FRIEND OF THE WORKER
Statistics Compiled by Prssldaat «f
Bookbinders' Uaioa Provo tbs
Striking Contrast Between the Psods
of the Bspnblican Lawmakers
and ths Democratic Leg
One of the issue* in every campaign
is that of labor legislation. All parties
claim to be the friend of labor, and it is
but natural that this would briag out
This year the Democratic party is do
ing more claiming than ever before along
ttus line, and this has led James Feeney,
president of Washington Union No. 4.
International Brotherhood of Bookbind
ers, to compile some statistics which
speak for themselves. Mr. Feeney is on*
of the beet known and moot highly re
spected inbor leaders in the natieoal cap
ital, and hie word is always eooepted
with tboee who know him.
Many Recer4a Takta.
Mr. Feeney has taken the records of
Che various states for the purpose of find
ing out what laws have been passed and
by wbat party they were enacted. He has
taken ten laws, including those cresting
labor bureaus, public employment agen
cies, state hoards of arbitration; else
eight-hour laws, child labor laws (mini
mum age), child lalwr lawa (night work),
women'i labor laws, aeats for shop girls
lawa, anti-sweat shop lawa and laws for
protection of union*.
In every one of these lawa Mbs labor
union has furnished the incentive for tho
pannage, it being the moot vitally istsr
Major!lr ■ • Hepsbllcss.
Mr. Feeney show a that in the case of
each law the great majority of the states
which have posted them are Republican.
This is true to s remarkable degree.
For instance. In the case of the eight
hour law, eighteen state* have them, six
teen being Republican etetee aad tws
Another instance is in tb* cnee of lawa
protecting labor unions, there being such
lews in fifteen states, fourteen of which
The following are Mr. Feeney's fir
-33 States have them.
20 ere Republican states.
7 ere Democratic etetee.
Public Employment Agencieo—
-15 States have them.
18 are Republican states.
2 are Democratic states.
State Hoards of Arbitration
22 States have them.
18 are Republican states.
4 are Democratic state*.
Eight-Hour Uw* —
18 States have them.
10 ere Republican Metes.
2 are Democratic stnten.
Oblld labor law, ( Minima* Age)—
27 States bav, team.
28 ere Republican states.
4 are Democratic states.
Child labor law, (Nisbt Wort)—
IS States here them.
12 ere Republican Mate*.
8 .re Democratic etetee.
Women'. labor Lew, —
21 State* have them.
15 are Republican Mates.
B ere liemncnttlc etetee.
Seat, for Shop Girt. law* —
33 States have them.
28 ere Republican itatee.
JO ere Democratic stalest
12 State, have them.
10 ere Republican etetee.
. 2 ere Democratic Metes.
Laws for Protection of Unluie •
15 State* have them.
14 era Republican Mate*.
I In Democratic Mate
Seeklaa te males* lakaa.
From th* very beginning of th* cam
paign there he* been a concerted Demo
erntic effort to mlarepreeent Judge Taft
on queetlon* pertaining to labor Inter
net,. Hie Judicial decisions hare hart
distorted, and feleehood* Invented.
in hie canvaae of the Went Judge
Taft has devoted considerable attention
to thin .object with good effect. He
bee not been apologetic, for there la
nothing In hla record that needs apol
ogy. He has not been on the defensive
because no one on the bench who does
only what the law requires him to d*
needs defense. He bee made dear his
position —made It deer that It wa,
helpful and not hurtful to labor—end
turned back falsehood and misrepre
It la one of the many lllnelone of Mr.
Bryan that be le th* special and only
champion of labor. What baa ho over
done for It? When In Congress he
helped to frame a tariff bill which kept
hundreds of thousands ef people eat of
employment nntll a Republican admin
istration waa elected and a Repo bile**
tariff act was passed. He reetd not.
at that time have hit labor a more par
alysing blow.—Philadelphia Proa*.
An Vprlaht JatM.
The attempt te make tb* RopnMlcan
candidate out a* enemy of labor fall*
In the light of tho fact*. Judge Taft
has demonstrated that as a Judge he
did what th* law required him to dn
and If ho had don* otherwise he would
have bona entitled to no respect from
the labor or any other interests. Beam
of bin dociMon* have provided the
ground upon which labor ornanbwtioao
kero protected tbemeelve*. aad kave
been cited an the labor side of soboo
qoeot oaaao before other ooorte. PhP
Uendldnaee thenM Oeepaee Vaasa.
John Worth Kern, tho Pamacrallo
Candida to who lost his railroad pose, la
In Now Tort tolling people that Beagg
velt'a "interference In the campaign ban
helped tho Democrats," while eat la He
breaks William Jannlngs Bryan, tha
other Democratic Candida to, la making
forty-neven aptsebss a day pleading
with Rooaevolt to hasp out of tha tjg.
Borne mlanndaratandlng between tha
Haase era tic candid* tan, agpaacMy,
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