Newspaper Page Text
AND EEBEL VENTILATOR
KXOXVILLE, TKXX., FIUDAY, JULY 29, 1SU.
rriTH 'IMt irin.MrT irtnrt ! t.. v.min.r f ,nir.,. nA ......1..,: r.v..n- ...i..n . , . .
I Tj -U Fj lK L H M It ! - " ' ''"" ing classes 01 oncnuors to I seizedand ; the Treas
----- ----- x ; ? .
W. C. J5KOWNLOW, Kpitok.
Znoxville, Friday, July 29, 1864.
lirv. without horns' nndimTiiil W .th-
4u. ... mr, , . B u.r. 1st. Of any person hereafter court, and without giving anv person, whether a
; camp-meeting .ngS. the enemy still confronting uS acting as an officer of the army or navy of the r,M, ' r-,1 rr prctgnM ri-htiul I owner or daiV -f a JW
ir? ----inth:rtr lu aims againn the. Government cf the Uid j in cm. -The ,airedres, left . person who might
: i-t,,, th God ;.f D,Mlc, our be- Stat, Sw,dly, of any per.,, hereafter actings ! be injured l,y unlawful seizure, is by application
i half, and it is gi t pleasure to know that ours is not j President, Vice President. rneml-er of r.,M it(,tkf(,rtf ri.i.fW..:!.. l...,.
7 " " ' iwuiiit iu vil n itUkii
First Tennessee Cavalry.
As nn item of infinn:ttin to the friends
u uicrir.-i iennessee tavarv, vn are n.i.i,;n no(-:n. . . i .
- ' ciiaplain Jlolt.-.mger gave us .1 short hut appro-
1ilH?r.ol throughout tho counties of East ; priate and excellent sermon. He will return to the
Te-ni lessee, rc fivo an extract from a long j dismounted campaign a. few days. It has not yet
letk-r to a i'rieiiff, written by the Colonel i1""' determined whether we will bo sent to therear
oxnniandiii the regiment : or not, to be re-mounted. The General does" not
i wish to t.Mrt ultli 11- IF T n.m ....I.. :
riliiii i!(Ti-u 1 ct Ti'tv r ....... ; r
two vears after the rtAuAYun Ic n,,t tv.;. .
loved on... at home whose ( ter, Commissioner or Consul of the so-called Confed-'gives the ageift, unusual power, and the courts of
r behalf, and for our safetyand . cite States of America.' Thirdly, of any person ' the country will confirm the operations of thea-vn
I the only offerings w! H-h ascend to i,.veii for us, J Judge of any Court, Cabinet officer, Foreign Mini
out xnai mere are
; prayers ncend in our
' ment mounted one; more I will feel perfectlv satis
i lied. I can whip twice my numlier anywhere. This
'. wish to !art with 11s
r .......... 1 T" 1
ir.Ai.4i ,iur.T iii i s, I..AVALRT. I
(In the banks of the Chattahoochee. I
.lulv 1C, lir,4. I
Tim haetily writn Iwti-r h aves nie on the banks ! n,v 1",'k H ,ittIe !iko boasting, but I am willin; to
of tin? ChattalKHichce, ei-hteen iiiib from the city j '"k'' t1'" ontr!l, t-
Atlxnta. in excellent spirits, and enjoyins,' line j 1 k""w r',?r,,tt'1 VT to hear of (Jen.
lul;h. The health of inv men wns n.-V lltf... ! Marker's death. He a noble soldier and .1 ner-
. " wiuco.; """"-" i'h'jjcii mai now nas ana win oonr
or agency under the so-called Confederate States, or fall into the hands of the agents of the governr
the Spites thereof, or under the laws of either of , wuld-not be diped of by the slow and te
person : te country will confirm the operations of the ans
acting as Governor of a State, member of a Con- j within the scope of the literal meaning of the act.
vention or Legislature, or a Judge of any Court of. That is simply and alone to captured and abandoa
any of the so-called Confederate States of America. ' ed prop-rty. The vast amount of captured and
riiuuy, 01 any person ncreatter holding anv office ! abandoned propertv that now has and will come, or
uienuproviuM that the persons thirdly, fourthly ! course of the civil courts of the country in due time,'
and fifthly above named dij.11 have accepted their and nence tfle necessity of the act during the war!
office since the date of ny pretended ordinance of creating extraordinary remedies under extraordinarr
session of the State, "Or shall have taken the oath j circumstances. Any property that is forfeited to th
of allegiance to, or to support the constitution of the j United States by the terms of the act of the 6th .cf
so-culled Confederate States. Sixthly, of any per- ! August, 1361, oruf the 17th of July, 1862, or for a
on owninir urnnortv ini IovmI xti-it cTin ' lnniph ff thp mvimiA lave
-J 4 . ---.-v uuill t -' " " - ' .'7 v,illivw ITG U1.1iUSOU Kit
Htui itUWl,-h th"? W,,,,M V' U'oing to the rear to i UUonmu o officer was more deemed by j assist and give aid and comfort to the reMlion, and ! hj the Spec ial Agents of the Treasury, as captured.
)... r.n.-., 1..- . - ! Ilia comaiiilHl. and no in:in Cjii:Ii1 inquire f r.n I ll . ..1 . r t . .
. .M.ii-.' i, mi- yri nt'i I CI l len iel. ilJIPt ' ' 1 ; " ' -j-
iran.ier aim conveyances of the property : or abandoned property may be done. The att of
of the classes of offenders before stated shall be null j 1-th of March, 1863. does not repeal the two former
and void, and if any such offenders shall sue any cts, but leaves them standing in full force und e
one for their property, their offences may be pleuded j ft ; nd under the act of the 1 7th of July, 1 S52, i3
in bar of such uit. Seventhly, of any person who '' a grC!t ork to be done in the way of having all of
lives' in a Stato declared in insorrectmn n. wi : the lands of everr reUil nnil nf i.rnr Li
rnriv it lniiirii mi. .... i . ..... . ' s . " J
; . ' . . n';armea relIIi.n ngamst the United States, or aidin-i attor, decreed to the United State as forfeit
two or three ! lo."ur A,"(''";:in yth a natwnal spirit, which j or al-ettH.? such reUdlion. an.l who slo.ll n,.t withiZ i and to be sold as such.
n? i The 4th section of the act of 12th of March,
. . C .C '. L P 11 1 -
on, : ciuaim a mnciiuro in an property taKen Irom au
twe homv s;. k, but all are atisfid with our Condi- ! 't!' ""' ftr1""r- I:r,iv' ftn'1 J?nllntai an ancient
t;.i. All is harmony j,d g,.l feeling in our regi-i "'"H f,;!l Idling his inuii in th assault at
in.;t.l:ind no harsh words is uttered bv one to anoth- i ,v,'"osaw l"Utain. No brighter or more valuable
' have ab,,tif men left, all told, as brave ' S:urrlfi"e n!W (f " '"'i '1, the altar of our coun
:od genemus a set of men as Won" to anv com-I"' M"-V itS fcsaml,,J n-'ver loose its luster, and
We Kc:,rc, !vever.tav more than two r tl, ! "ivo lo "ur American y..th
nltfiU in the same s.fuat.on n loclity. Day before ; . w u. ; l,,ucn-"' 'nn..t destroy. . sixty days after public warning bv proclamati.
rnWrAy we move.l from the left to the rig'ht. Last (':r '" " the river to-n.orn.w, case to aid, countenan,:e and abet" such reMli,
were detached to guard '-Cochran Ford," ! Wti ""J? t') Atlanta in a few days. and to return to hi allegiance to the United State ! lyal State into t, loval State without the proper
' 1 -M..u iiienver iu.ro ,s very sh.nl-: . i.n.k ior a. i t lie estate, ami propertv, monta, stfH-k, and .permit, vVf, ahd proceedings in effectin- a sale of
W. and we have to be on the alert night and day. "l'"1'1 '""'j" fn"n- 1 """''t. ngree with them, in ! credits of ucl, person shall U- forfeited, and the ' th kindof forfeiture miusUe instituted inthewurts
I w;w gl;ld t,i have the position, fmm the fv t that it ; MW work 1""f"n! ,,s- II h n,,w fiv "'"'ths ! President shall cause the same to bo seized for the "f tIlc country.
whji a oc:ili: v ulior.. n.. ...ur.J i . i ... , sjnen I was at home, and nntliin-r u-.,nl,4 o'..n.l : f ii .i .. ...... ' .
" tit oeeri, ana . ' ? ........ u.c (1 m rmv oi in l nitca states. i vs wo now nave tne L nited statei l)U
wo ciucpiently ...nild lire on the '-fat of the land." : m"ro l"'1,,:is"r0 tl,!n t" visit there,- but duty reuires
AVe have p..tat.s, berries h'ney and chickens for ! '" . remMn 1,1 thv Give my kind regards
T-rly overy meal. There are five 3re fish -trans i t" fri(;n(1- unJ l''-Iieve me, as ever,
ill thU ford, and the river furnishes an abundance of J
fi-h. However, we can only get them by visiting s
the trap under cover "of .night. j
Iirivtly opposite to us is a rebel post. The day !
l-fore we were ordered to leave till ivist I ordered f
All sales, conveyances and transfers of anv such Circuit Courts reorganized here, it is a sood time to
j property after the expiration of tho sixty days from commence the work of forfeiture of the lands, tene
j such warning by proclamation, shall beuttrlr void, '"ents, and hereditaments of the rebels. It is well
The proclamation of the President only affects, and to kP tue 6tn section of the act of 17th of Julv,
is only required in the last named cla of offenders. '. before the mind. The provision of which is!
TI,.. f.)rAif i.-. ..r i .i . . ... . i :r . j ? i ....
......... ,iun.-.- oi iuv ouicr cia-se oi oiienciers are;" "". p'oii vnngeu in armea reoeiiion a":i:nst
Tile LaW Of ContWtUIOII. complete without anv w.irnin" bv i)riK-l mation i 1,10 United States, or- - nfi'tfinj su,., rebe'-
K VOX VII IE, TKXN Jllf "lt nr,l "j y ""' "'" k nu uie imnm - -, aMtw...?
),-. If. a. r,ro,ndw: Sn:-nelow'l -nve vou the j whcn,,.v " ,,f an.v P"'l"rt.v forfeited under any rebellion within sixty days after public warning by
Jamks P. IIisowm.ow,
C-olonol Coiainanding. &e.
ipt. Moi-cji WiVv, with two comnanies. to Rtrin :
tbei.uelvcs and to l,e readv to cr.s and char-e the ! sub,tf,n,e ,.f tbre.. acts of Co.r,. ,.r..,7in- f.e..;t. "f t,,' l"vi5in of said act shall bo effected; and proclamation of tho President, shall forfeit all of his
ny at the ford, whilst I would take a sebn-t de- i nw of ,,ropertv; and the intent of the countrv re- wl'""h ' folI,,ws' ,,vwit: ' "Whenovcr any such j eftate property, monies, stocks and credits. All
tuJ,!i.ent .f men and swim the rivor four hundred ' s,)0Hjv n't', t.ncr-etic work in offiH-tiii" s-iles j l,r"l,er,-v i,,m11 have W" s,'izc"I pr'eedings in rem thnt has to be done under that section on the trial of
y,ir.li aU.ve. for the purK,. of capturing the rclxd ! (f the property forfeited und-r these acts " " ! M'u11 ,,! intitutwl in th" nnm,; ,,f t!e Unite.1 States ! ' simply to prove that the person who
pi. s. I selected the best swimmers j th,. regi-i The act of" the 6th of u-Mit Wi enacU I tb tlistriet t,,,lrt in t,le district in which the projv l" are proceetled against was engaginl in armed
m-t, put our guns in a canoe, and start.! orcr. As nn,ont other things that i;" durin- the present or i ert'V f"rloitc1' ,,r l,art tIiere,,f- be fl,J, ' St the United States, or that he gave
.. a.s Capt. Wiley saw that I had noarlv reached :inv future in.urre.-t'ion a-iin'-t theGovernmoNt of' 'f tht" ',la11 U n COUFt wl,e,,s,t,;I' property, or any j ,d and comfort to those engaged in r..-nM, and that
tUM.pp.ite shore, charged very bravelv, but missing :,),,; United State-s after the President hu!l declare part ,,,CPCof h foi,,ld. eh pr.K-eedings shall hc did not return to his allegiance to the United,
the ford, when halfway over, he and every man j bv proclamation that the laws of the United States Lc ,nit,tutcJ in th(! "ct court in the district in ! Statci within sixty days after the proclamation afore-
w.; p.ungmg in over their i.eadi, and just then : nnd the execution thereof, are opposed and obstruct- ,7. . u rav.e; . Th -
i i i i n. ... i . " ' ana ll stt4fi nrnhirtr u-iiah ,
me ruoc.s ojieneu ..re uiuu inem, ana . compeiiea.j ed bv combinations too powerful to be suppressed . . ' . . 1 ' " 1 thf seizure of thn l.n of .11 n.t r
... ..." I .a t..mi . . . 1 1 .i I . I . . .. . . I . . .. . . ' - - v. wuvi v. t. i v mrrsTiii
,. uciiu"w to u person enorairen in ..
amirs, or , ' & r
t-x-ery man to seek shelter under the largo rocks in j by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or
tin? river, as best thev could. Capt. Wiley was now
in iucli a condition as to le unable to advance or
nirewt. and unfortunately left me and my ten men
i the enemies side of the river, without help, and
wWi a prospect of going to Atlanta sooner than we
lminv1, destitute of even so much as a shirt. Not
fi.neying this, and acting upon tho tho maxim that
'he who never bets never wins." I determiniil to
by tho marshals, any person, or agents, &c.
i rebellion, or who has given aid or comfort to the
tt, ' "ui,t-v of trwwoHf or of giving aid and cmfort to
slm11 1 i,o, ,;a "... i . j ... 3 . , .? I hoic in armed rebellion, and thrn to report the same
nurciiase. or empiov too sjinio. or sutler tne wimu to : tn tho DUtrinf tt
le used or employed i aiding, abetting, or promot
ing such insurr(H;tion or resisrancc to the laws, or
any person engaged therein; or if the owners of
any property shall knowingly use or employ, or
consent to the use or employment of the same- as
I aforesaid; all such propertv is forfeited, and the
ourge uinm the rear of the relxls; who were firing - President shall caus the same to be seized, con fasci
al Wiley "s party. My charge was a success, I com-! ted and condemned.
ic4ly Mirprised them, an.l took then prisoners, und j The second and third suction of said act pr.U ribe
with them I captured a long forry-lxat, and returned ( tho mode and the courts in which the proceedings
to my command. The Sergeant in command of the to cnse condemnation and sale of such property
rvJels was a New York Dentist, who told me' that j s,a b instituted.
13 had lK-en living in the South but a short time. j The proceedings must be instituted in the district,
II said Jie never was more surprised, and did not j or admiralty court, or the circuit court having juris
Uiink any person was bold enough t swim a river i diction of the amount, in the district in which the
and attack them. Gen. Sherman is said to hare property may be seized, or if there are no such courts
... v.u...i c ura , T'. . ... ... .. , . .
proprty.of the United States, and disposed of by Z
ecr.j ot said w.urt, and the proceeds thereof shall I stituted, and in the end good titles made. There are
be de-reed to bo paid into the treasury of tho United j a creat many persons who forfaited their estates, but
Statii. j l,!lvp taken the benefit of the amnesty oath in
lnvn pleased with our exploits, and the ''(Special
Artist'' for Harper's Weekly has prepared a sketch
if our charging the Chattahoochee.
I now weigh but 1 G pounds, o you seo that I
luve U.x-n reduced in flesh, but my flenh is perfectly
firm, and my health never was better. I am so
in. the districts in which tho property is suized, said
court in the district into which the property may
be first taken and proceedings first instituted, have
jurisdiction ot the subject matter; and the Attorney
General or any District Attorney of the United
Tip eighth section of said act gives said court full
pow- to make all orders, and decrees to effect sales
i of sah forfeited property, and to cause g.od and
and 'alid titles to be made to the purchasers of such
proprty, whether real or personal.
Tie act is broad and comprehensive, and embraces
witl)n its terms all persons who have in any man
ner teen engaged or are still engaged in rebellion
ogaist the United States, or who hav, or shall
herafter in any manner give aid or comfort to the
rcbelion. This act is also so specific in tho descrip
tionhf the property forfeited, that there can bo no
dout upon this subject. It includes land, and
cvev species of personal property, together with
Kaikmdorotherstocks, debts due the rebels, money,
Tie act of the 12th of March, 1863, enacts that
States in which said property may'be. may institute i the jccrctar: f tlie Tetaury shall appoint an agent
uracil sun-burnt that I look more like an Indian I proCCcdin of condemnation, for the benefit of the ior !Sent, to soize cap-Uired or abandoned property
t4.anawhite man. I have good crackers, bacon, j UnUeJ Statoj . or if anv person shall file an inforJ " tjc disloyal States, provided: that such property
niation with such Attorney, thenroeeedins slu.il 1 i slla not.include any-used, of which from its char-
xmus to eat go to bed at sunsat, unless on the
march, get up before sunrise, and sleep in tho open.
air, enjoying the luxurious climate of tho '-Sunny
for tho use of such .informer and the United States
in equal parts.
Under this act all property that was .used, or suf-
Woll, I don't know what you will , think of this j fred to be used, in aiding, abetting, or promoting.' platU shall go at once into the hands of tho military
acta would beJiseful in carrying on the war. Such,
for hstance, aiarms, ships, forage, munitions of war,
&c. I all of which, and. such like, the act contem-
lettcr. I have already been interrupted four times j the insurrection or resistance to the laws is forfeited.
since I Logan it, with, a fair prospect f having the Such, for instance, as Iron Works, RaiJroaSs, &fc,
&jm repeated iKifore I close;. I. finish on a beautiful j used or suffered to be used by tho rebels, ought to
moon-lit Sunday night, and as the Chaplain is pay-: be seized and condemned. In case offRaiiroad or
ing us a Tisit, I stop .writing to collect my command, other corporations, the stock at least of those using
together, and atfen to preachirig. 1 must confess,
that everythingtaken together, I.get a little "homo
ftici." Here is a.cougregatioJi of men who, for more
than two years, have been accustomed to every hard
ship, and to all , the dangers of the soldier's life
wUpee only music for the last two months. has been
for lie purposes of the .war
Af- .captured or abandoned property on apprais-
meift may bo turnsd over to be used by the military
if tl o same is .such as could'be used by them for mil
itar ' purposes; orrsuch property may be forwarded
to any place of 6iue within the loyal States, as tne
public interest may require, and sold at auction to
the highest biddar, and the proceeds of such sale
paij into the treasury of the United States
such, or suffering the same to be used, to carry on
the rebellion, should be seized, reputed and con
By the act of the 17th July, 1862, 4ho President
of the United States is required to cause all of the
estate, money, property, stocks, credits, and effects ' doncd property to be male by the Special Agent of 2Swr Tennessee.
order to bold on to their property, reserving a secret
intention to give all the aid and comfort within
th.ir power to the rebels. This oath is only a con
ditional pardon resting alono on the honest and
faithful performance thereof, and wo be to the man
against whom proof is made in our courts of a vio
lation of that oath. Then, Dr. Brownlow, you will
cause all the estate, &., of any and all persons who
have taken the amnesty oath, "and violated the sama
by Riving aid and comfort to the rebellion, to bo
seized and -reported for forfeiture. Kverv oersim
f who in good faith and with an honest purpose takes
r..;4 .i. --'J e .1.- I '
raiu wiu, niei fn.-rior.iis life same, is .Qenceiorward
entitled to all the rights of an American citizen.
The person taking the oath, amongst other things,
swears that he will henceforth faithfully support,
protect and defend the Constitution of the United
States and the Union, and'ev'ery person who . feed.
his rebel son or gives him clothes when he slides
home from the ebel; army, violates-his oath, and
creates anew a forfeiture of his estate, &c. The oath
of amnesty does not mean that a rebel may take the
same, go home, fold his arms and sit down under
his own vine and fig tree, and receive the protection
of the laws of the land without ding anything to
put down the rebellion; Bat it does mean that ho
will do all he can in the support protection and de
fence of the Constitution and Union. Nothing less
than this is a cemplyace with said oath. The oath
does not mean that you may feed and clothe rebel
sons, and have rebel daughters spouting rebel d ;
trines upon any and all joccasions. You have to
come right square up to the honest and faithful per
formance of your oath, or you forfeit your property,
and when you have been guilty of treason, life it
self. It is well then for the agents seizing forfeited
property to wat h all violation of tho amnesty oath,
and to seize their estate, without fail. In about two
weeks I shall be fully ready to commence my part
of this religious work of forfeiture, if the agents of
the government can furnish me the needful work.
I am very truly yours, &e,
James P. Swan,
TJiis act contemplates sales of captured or aban-j United States Distrut Attorney for the District of