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YOL. XXXVII. CAMDEN, S. C., JANUARY 9, 1879. NO. 25. \ , ...... . ; $be (Camden dfoimwl, PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY ? AT? CAMDEN, S. C., T*V C. C. ALEXANDER. SubKcrlptlon Hilton: (ix advance.) One Yeir $2.00 Biz Months 1 00 The Poor Fiddler's Ode to his old fiddlk. Tom, Worn, Oppress'd, I mourn; Bud. Sad, Three-quarters mad; ^ Maney gone, Credit none; ?uuns ar uoor, Half a score; Wife in lain, Twins j.pain ; Others ailing, Nurse a railing, Billy a hooping, Also poor Joe, With festered toe. Come then, my fiddle. Come, uiy olden, time-worn friend, ~? With joyous, swelling, brilliant sounds, Rome sweet, though transtont. solace lend. 'IS Thy polished neck I clasp in close embrace, While ecstacy of joy illumes my face. When over thy strings I draw my bow My drooping "spirits heavenward rise; A lively strain I touch, and lo! I seem to mount above the skies. There on Fancy's wing I soar, Beardless of all the duns at door; Oblivious all 1 I feel my woes no more But skip o'er the strings, As my old fiddle sings. " Cheerily, merrily go! Presto' good roaster, You very woll know 1 will find music If you will find bow, From E to Alt, to G below." Fatigued, I pause to change the time For some A dagio, solemn and sublime. With graceful action moves the sinuous arm; My heirt, responsive to the soothing charm. Throbs equally; whilst every health-corroding care Lies prostrate, vanquished by the soft mellifluous air More plaintive grown; my eyes with tears o'erflow, And patience mild,soon smoothesmy wrinkled brow ~?edy hautboy can sqneek, walling flute can squall. The serpent make grunt and the trombone may bawl But my Poll," my old fiddle's,the prince of them alL Could e'en Dryden return, thy praiae to rehease. His ode to Cecilia would seem rugged verse. Now to thy case, in flannel warm to lie, Till called to Dlease thy master by. Apollo. SHOOTING FOR LIFE: A COSSACK'S ADVENTURE IN BOKHARA. When the Turkomans captured me on the Syr-Daria (said Captain Kosta. renko, handing me a tumbler of tea and lemon-juice, with the air of a man who '-new that I would need some refreshirijt before his story ended), they carried^? B(,nth and sold me at Khiva. Bat j. didn't stay there long?for in Central Al? a 8^ave changes hands as often as a'Prfie doos among us?and before I bad tpe to 8ee more of Khiva than that it was? bttle ?' dirt7 streets, with a bigoalace tbe middle and a mud wall tenfeefc high a11 round it, I found mvself Jianlf*3 over to a mer* chant from Bokhara, wh%ww Ja.8t 8tarfc" ing home again across tie*fe^"^oarD ?. (Bed &dod) desert. I was a strapping young fellow id those days, and oould manage a horse or -*> saber with anv man. Moreover. J I new tire nwttre Tuugflage "well," whicb was a rare thing with a Banian in those days; bo"my new master counted upon getting a good prioe for me in Bokhara, a id wok all possible care of me ou the road. I needn't tell you about the desert journey, for you've seen it all for yourself?the thirst, and the soorching, and the hot, prickly sand, and the prayer at Bunset, and the halts beBide the wells, and the camels strung ont in single file, nose and tail together. But we bad one adventure on the way that was to have consequences which I little dreamed of. < There were three or four Afghans in our company, all noted marksmen, who i - a it 1 1- . 1 one day amusea tnemseives oy naving a shooting match. I got leave to join them, and beat the whole lot, to the great delight of my master, who had i bet high oh me, and the amazement of the men themselves. I heard one of them whisper to another, " This will be news for Seid AH, if he is still in Bokhara;" bnt I thought nothing of it at the time. The evening that we reached Botha ra, after we had got oursel ?es settled in one of the great caravansaries, the fotu Afghans and I Bat down at the door to have a game of "pasha wuzeeree." 1 described it once to an Englishman, and he told me that they have a game something l'ke it, called " forfeits," which -s they play at Rojdestvo (Christmas). It's played with dice, and has four throws, t three of which are called shah (king), P\. wuzeer (vizier) and ghorumsang (robr ber). The fourth (farmer) counts for nothing. When any two players have thrown king and vizier, the first who throws robber, is seized by the vizior, who leads him up to the kiDg, sayiDg, "I've canght a robber." The king asks, "What has he done?" and the vizier answers, " He's stolen his sister's trousers,"or, "He'spulled n horse's feathers off," or some sneh nonsense. Then the king orders him to stand on his head, or throw down his tnrban and pick it up with his teeth, or anything else he may | think of; and so the game goes on till ^ every one has had his tarn. "While we were playing, a Adl, hand- i some man in a rich dress, who looked i like a Persian, came swaggering by. i Jnst as he got close to us, I happened to i throw "robber." i One of the Afghans gave the others a i look, as much as to say: "Now yonll 1 see some fun I" and, catching hold of me, calied|out: "I've caught a robber." " What has he done, then ?" " He has shown himself a better shot < than Seid Ali," answered the other, at the top of his voice. j The Persian's face grew black as night, and with one Btride he was among us, looking at me as if he could eat me raw. "Are you he who can shoot better than I can, then ? They have taken you * too soon from your mother, child ; you are no match for a man I" "Men fight with weapons ; women and Persians with their tongues. Try mft. Like lightning the fellow whipped out a pistol, and let fly at me. I sprang aside just in time; but ho was drawing his second pistol, when my master, seeing what was going on, came rushing up . as if he were mad. I " Help, brothers I" he yelled; "this & slave is a present for Hazret (bis majesfj; , ty). Let no one dare to harm him ?" ? "What-is aH^thisV' asked a shaip I yoioe; andr through, thp crowd came a tal1, thin, jiatQhed face fellow, so grand-ly-dressed that I made sure he must be ' some great man, especially as every body got out of his way as if he had been a tiger. I learned afterward that he waB the oaptain of the palace guard, Shahrookh Kban. My master told his story, and the Afghans, on being questioned, gave the whole history of the shooting-match in which I had beaten them. At the mention of that, I thought I saw Shahrookh's face brighten, as if he had oorae ( upon the very thing he wanted. " This is a matter for the ameer (king) to decide," said he. " Let the Oorooss , (Russian) be kept here to-night; tomorrow he shall be sent for." j Sure enough; the first thing next morning, three men made their appearance at the door of the room into which i I had been put> The foremost (who , wore a rioh robe of flowered silk) had ronnd his forehead the yellow band which was the badge of the ameer'B makhrama (confidential servants); the other two appeared to be soldiers. J M Follow us, Oorooss,"said themakhram; " his majesty calls you." I Away we went, right through the heart of the city. It seemed much larger and more populous than Khiva; and after the silence and loneliness of the desert, all this crowd and bustle? porters, fruit sellers, traders, camels and wagons with seven foot wheels?fairly made my head go round. Every race of Asia, from the east to the west, seemed to be gathered there. Sallow, narrow m 1 tj^ou JLUruil'd, wilml i'mo uudu ui uuu u^ooi v still upon them; tall, gaunt, hook-nosed Turkomans; fat, lumpy Sarts, and lean, high-cheeked Persians; squat, gnomelike Bashkirs, who had almost the look of bears on hind legs; yellow-faced Chinamen, with long pig-tails, and shaggy, monkey-like Dhouwanas, in huge fur bonnets; slender, graceful Hindoos, wearing silver rings on their , wrists and ankles; portly Khokandese i merchants and filthy Kirghiz pilgrims; skinny Kasbgarirs, with huge bat-like ; ears projecting from under their little saucer-shaped caps; and tall, stately , Afghans, in white frocks and green j sashes, stuck all over with pistols and , daggers like the wall of an armory. , At the corner of one of the principal streets there seemed to be something ' special going on, for Buch a crowd had ] collected there that the street was quite , blocked up. But the inakhram flourish- j ed his saber-tipped rod, shouting, j "Make wav for the servants of the i kingi" and" the soldiers let fall their j musket-butts on the toes of the people, or prodded them behind with their bayonets, so that there was a way opened for us in no time. And when we got into the middle of the throng, what should I see but two men shaking a lot of human heads out of a sack, just like so many potatoes?a sight which 1 saw often enough in after days, but which ratlier tooV rim makhram, seeing that I looked puzzled, kindly exploited to me that it wasone of the ameer's pleasant habits, whenever any town or village offended him, to levv upon it a tribute of So many heads, and that if the man who oolleoted them happened to be short in his reckon* ing, off went his own head to make matters straight?which mast have greatlv encouraged the popular study of ? arithmetic. ' r ~~~ " j A little farther on we heard a terrific yelling and screeching, proceeding ap- 8 parently from a group of native soldiers, f in the midst of whioh lay a man flat on v his back, with a huge fat fellow seated ? cross-legged on bis chest like a night- x mare, by way of keeping him comfort- [ able, while two sturdy Bokhariotes were j laying on to the soles of his feet with whips with all their might and main. T But the best of the whole affair was that the fellow who was being flogged never fl uttered a sound, while the two who were e flogging him screamed and howled like r demons incarnate?to save him the 8 trouble, perhaps, of doing it himself. 8 Bo he got bis five-and-twenty whacks, t and was cast off; when instantly np jumped two more soldiers, and whacked ] the first two (for not hitting bard 8 enough, I suppose) ; and then a corpu- [ lent old officer, who had been looking * ? "I* - ?1 L "1 an wim a pieasaut bimie, wuuuieu up T md gravely boxed their ears all round, , is if he had been giving them his blessing, after whioh the oongregation die- f persed. [ At last we came to a steep hill, and as i we ascended it, I began to see overhead, 8 is well a 3 the olcuds of dust would let t me (for walking through the streets of \ in Asiatic town when the wind's blow- t ing is qtfite as bad as meeting a simoon t, in the desert), a huge fortress-like a building, srmething after the style of t Dur governor-general's place at Orenburg, which, with its painted parapets, and many oolored towers, and great ? white battlements,-made quite a grand show in the bright morning sunsh ne. t The makhram told me that this was the ameer's palace, and that they were ? ma VinfAvn htm of. nn/tfl IV buau UiU UUiViU UiUt HV UUVW y ^ but when I ventured to ask what he wanted with me, the Bokhariote only 8 shook his head in a way that wasn't at t all encouraging. It was curious to see, c as we neared the entranoe, how silent all three of them became, and how the ? swagger with which they had marched g through the town changed to a cautious t timid step, like some one approaching ^ the lair of a wild beast, from which faot ? I could pretty well guess what this j worthy ameer must be like. Just outside the great gate stood fifty } or sixty cannon (mostly brass twelve- j pounders), all in a row?like Napoleon's guns in the Kremlin at Moscow. I no- * tioed one that was made of iron and silver bands, turn about; and the j makhram told me it had been taken at j the capture of Khokand, ten years j before. Two soldiers were standing at the gate as we entered ; and I saw one of Xl_ t ?MA Jmw Vii a hon/1 UiOUX puiilb V\J UIO aiiu uxan uio u?uu . aoroes bis throat, and the other nodded, j which didn't raise my spirits much, I f can assure yon. " j Inside, all was deadly still; and the loneliness of that great wide court, with , its grim silence, as if the whole place } were holding its breath before some- ; thing dreadful, struck colder upon me than anything yet. However, I hadn't much time to think of it, for the next moment I was led through a deep archway into the inner court. It was very j much like the other, only not so lonely, < for the sarbazi (soldiers) of the palace i guard were drawn up in line along i either side of it, in their red jackets, 1 leather trousers, and high black sheep- < skin caps, and at their head wsb Shahrookh Khan, with Seid Ali beside him. I had jnsfe time to notioe a stone balcony on the farther side, with a curtain ol yellow silk before it, when the curtain was sudddenly drawn back, and this is what I saw : Seated croBs-legged on a pile of cushions was a short fat man, with a broad, heavy face, without a sign of life in it exoept its small, restless blaok eyes. He wore a long blue robe and pointed red cap, and his breast was covered with medals. I saw the -? ? 4.1 iU T maKnram dow wj mo cum, suu uicu + knew that this dumpy little fellow was the ameer himself, who was going to deside whether I should live or die. " I9 this the man ?" asked the ameer. His voice was low and rather pleasant; but, every time he spoke, one side of his face twitched as if jerked with a Btring. " Your majesty has said it," answered Shahrookh Khan. The ameer looked hard at me for a moment, and then clapped his hands twice. Instantly a door flew open in the wall, and out came a tall, gaunt, hideons-lookirg blaok man, wearing nothing but a pair of white ootton drawers, splashed with blood, and carrying a huge broad-bladed knife, just like a butcher's chopper. Then I thought all over, and I settled my face as firmly as I could, that the unbelievers might not think me afraid. But I fancy it was only done to try me; for the ameer, after watching me for a * ^t TTTnTTDlilA Ill unit* LI I 1AJ OCCJ ilUW X IASV/A. IV, nnvou waaw headsman back with his hand, and said to the makhram. "Make proclamation 1" The makhram raised his arms, and shouted thrioe " Ooshar I" (attend) and then went on: " This is the oommand of Nasr' Ullah Khan' Bahadoor, the great ameer of Bokhara: Seid Ali and the Oorooss shall shoot three times at a mark in his majesty's presence, and he who is beaten 3hall be beheaded on the spot. May his majesty live a hundred and twenty pears 1" This was more than the Persian had bargained for, and when he saw that instead of getting me knocked on the head, it was my life or his own, he looked no aappier than a wolf in a trap. However, here was no drawing back now, and he aad just to make the best of it. They put down a little square carpet n one oorner, to show where we should itand.and theu they brought us a couple )f long Afghan rifles,with about a dozen cartridges each. In the midst of a dead silence, with all those oountless eyes matching ns curiously, we loaded our pieces, and stood ready. M thiB there was no sfrnhft arget; but suddenly 8hahrooR KahiT came forward with a small jmuHLeMB just Big enoughto coi^r xi^H jreaet), mm a puubuou bwud uiiwc oiddle. Then he stationed two soldiers n the corner opposite onrs, about three eet apart, ana passing a light rod hrough the strap of the shield, rested he two ends on their shoulders. This ^as to be our mark?a target with living upporters, who might be killed or not, ust as it happened. At a sign from the ameer, Seid Ali tood forth, and aimed so long and careully, that I saw he wasn't quite sure of rinning. At last he let fly. There was t dull thud, and the shield rocked iolently. His ball had gone tbroagh t pretty near the center, but without ouohing the stone. The ameer nodded, and I stepped for* card in turn. I knew that, with my own life for the take, I should be the shakier the longer I waited, so I fired the moment I got * ** 1-1- -j a.l- ? ay aim iair on mespar&ieui uieueuuiu tone. There was a sharp or ash, and a hower of sparks seemed to fly np from he shield. I had split the stone ! We loaded and fired again. The 5ersian did better this time, but ho was till wide of the center. I went wide of t, too, but I managed to graze the ring hat had held the central stone, and that ras still a good inoh nearer than he 708. Just then I caught sight of the ameer's ace, and a grewsome sight it was. It tad flushed purple, and the great thiok ips were drawn back, showiDg his harp white fangs, like the teeth of a oad dog; and bis cruel black eyes ooked at Seid Ali, as if they could see he knife already at his throat. I saw he same look on his face many a time Iterward, but it never seemeid half so lideous as it did then. And when I looked at Seid Ali, his >rond handsome face seemed to have ;rown pinched and ghastly all of a sudItn, as if death were olutching it with inseen fingers. It was pitiful to see lim trying to steady his hand for the Lnal shot, knowing that it was his last ihance of life; but at last his gun went ?ff almost at random, and the bullet truck fuH on the breast of one of the ? * - n _ 3 3 3 riL arget Dear ere, wno aroppea aeaa wnu?ut a ory. The ameer waved his hand and mother soldier stepped forward, pushed iway the oorpse with his foot, and laid he end of the rod upon his own should ler. The moment the target was itr&ight again, I fired, and went right nto the center. The echo of the shot was still ringing, vhen the headman's knife flashed and ell, and Seid Ali's head rolled on the mvement, blotting the smooth white itones with its blood. "Een kari padishah hast (It is the ring's doing) 1" cried the executioner, molding up the head by its long black jeard. The soldiers, with one voice, repeat x3, " It is the king's doing." And the ameer himself mbbed his jreat fat hands (for seeing people killed klways pat him in good humor) and said o me, " It is the will of Allah?hencebrth thou art my soldier." And so was fulfilled the old saying, 14 He who sets a trap for his neighbor nay get caught himself."?David Ker, in Spirit of the Times. A meddlesome old woman was sneering at a young mother's awkwardness antVi ViAr infant, and said: "I declare j woman ought never to have a baby unless she knows how to hold it 1" " Nor a tongueeither," quietly responded the young mother. I Abont Languages* The following siteresting extracts are from a sermon preached by Rev. Joseph Wild in Brooklyn and published in the New York Champion: A British poet has presented in poetry the speoial features of several of the European languages, which we give : " Greek's a harp we lore to hear ; Latin is a trumpet clear ; Spanish like an organ swells ; Italian rings its bridal bells , France, with miav a frolio mien, Tnnna bar BDrilAtlv violin : Load the German rolls hia dram When Russia's Caahing cymbals come; Bat Britain's eons may well rt joice, For English is the human voice." There are eigkt languages in the bounds of Christian civilization that may be accounted powerful, because they are the tongues of vigorous people ; they are Ihe English, Russian, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and Scandinavian. But of these all are indigenous^ except the English, so that tbey die if transplanted. Look at this country and behold what a cemetery it is for languages. Once the French had strong hold and promised to abide here ; but it is now nearly gone, even from the State of Louisiana and Canada, the last places of retreat If we take note of the population according to these several languages, we shall see the prophetic future of the Eng lish. It is spokenlby about ninety millions, Russian seveity-flve, German fiftysix, French forty, Spanish thirty-eight, Italian twenty-nine, Portuguese fourteen and Scandinarian nine. Within the control of the gpyernments of these languages we find England to haye rule oyer 256,(WO,000 people, who do not, as yei, speak English, and we find that the other seven have only seventy-five millions outside of themselves; here is an important difference^ If we look at them by territorial limiti, leaving out Russia, we find the English language to own 12,382,686 square tailes, Germany 449,684, French 671,518, Spanish 4,694,811, Italian 114,466, Portuguese 4,028,311, and Scandinavian.4,808,830. The aggregate number oi square miles possessed by these six languages, is 11,167,620, whioh altogether, you see, own 1,216,066 miles square less than the English. This balance itself is more than Uni-non tt Vmtijw otifl snftin tint MH UUIlUUUJj VVBOB together. The English language is divided only into tiro governments, but the other "six are divided into twenty they are learning ?nr mother tongue. The Japanese, till afew years ago, carried on their fonign correspondence through the Dutch, but now they have changed to the Englsh. Besides, in the 50,000 schools in Juan English is being taught. When the iultan Dies. " Scarcely has tty sultan drawn his lost breath," says arecently published work, "when h'ifl vivea. his favorites, in short all the wgzjten whose power is now at au end, arc Jesired to De * off' within four-and-tvtaty hoars. This change of soene is a veritable rout. It may rather be compared to a shipwreck, when each passenger tries to lay hold of some means of safety, by which she may float on the surface, and may be prevented from sinking into the deep where all ire forgotten?that is to say, the depth of the old seraglio. Thither are transferred those of the kadines and fvorites whom their sterility had already condemned. Those who are mothers alone are allotted the 4V./1 imnanVl naldftfl. for prUI/CUilUll U1 IIUU r? , reasons of state m&e it unadvisable that they should be Amoved from the superintendence of fhe heir of the empire. As to the other ladies, they mnst disappear with their (laves and female attendants, although, perhaps, there may be some among tie latter who, thanks to fresh patronage, find the means of lodging themselvis in the little female courts which are formed upon the old ones. The old seraglio, situated at the extreme end of tie palace, is a sad and lugubrious building, a very tomb, where human beings are buried alive. Imagine a medieval, castle, with its lofty crenelated walls and its narrow windows, the whole surrounded by a thick and dark mass of ancieDt cypresses ; one may then perhaps form a correct idea of the retreat which, as in a prison, canfines the fallen goddesses of the harem. Beyond the apartments destined to the ladies, the old seraglio also oontains a number of buildings, among which may be reckoned the imperial treasury, the library, the mosque, which contains suoh relics as the standard of the prophet, his beard, etc. There it is, under the shadow of these religious souvenirs, that the poor abandoned beauties of a former Ottoman oourt have to submit to the most severe seI elusion. Their goings in and out are confined to what are striotly necessary, and their relations with the world strictly watched. Suoh are the suspicions of their new sovereign, which cause them, doubtless, to regret the uncertain affection of their defunct husband. Poor souls, thus placed between the jealousy of the dead and the living ! But reasons of state cannot listen to the. dictates of the heart. Eaoh saltan ioobs upon himself as the responsible guardian of the honor of his predecessors, and in this capacity he is bound to take care that the widows of these prinoee(or whatever their title may be) should be subject to striot and watchful supervision. This seclusion, however, is not for life, and with time the jailer shows himself more oomplaoent, and relaxs in some degree the severity of his watch. The indulgence is not shown until those who are thus confined have passed the period of temptation. It is when the amiable kadine has re&ohed her fiftieth year that the reigning sultan places at her disposal one of the royal residences, and i>egs her to act as she pleases. I FOR THE FAIR SEX. FMhltB Notes. Cream color is a favorite shade for evening glovee. The newest chatelaine bags are of sealskin, with silver mountings. The favorite flower this season is the rose ; fine flowers are ont of fashion. Handkerchiefs with colored embroider* ed edges are converted into " breakfast ties." Stylish coats are made of wool damasse with vest and cuffs of silk matelasse. , New chatelaine pockets are of blaok morocco, inlaid with red gold. Belt buckles are made to match. A yellow ganze dress trimmed with knots of bine and red was recently made in Paris and pronounced perfectly sweet Conch shell chains of roses and medallions, with amphorae and scaraboei pendants, are usqd this season, and are in high favor. - Some of the late imported oostumes are remarkable for their plainness, being made withont flounce or ruffle of any description. New white undressed kid gloves are trimmed with three rows of inch-wide Valenciennes insertion and a knifeplaited frill of lace. Among the new fashions for household affairs is the one of having tablecloths and napkins with colored borders, flmhrnidarod hv hand or with the oolor woven into the goods. , There is a fancy for pntting fans of plaited satin (abont as deep as the fan oarried in the hand) at intervals around the foot instead of a flounce. It is considered especially stylish to have the rich fabrio of the overskirt reach from 1 the belt to the foot, where it ia fringed, i and these fans are then inserted, either : in the seams or perhaps in the middle < of the breadths as well. Fur-lined and fur-trimmed wraps will be fashionable. Sealskin saoks will i take the lead in fur garments. These i garments are cut longer than formerly 1 worn, and are trimmed with a band of < black martin, chinchilla, or silver-pointed otfer fur. Muffs fffe smaller and boas < are worn flat. Of oourse, all rich furs ' will be worn, but sealskin is the ton fur for the winter of 1878-79. i j Newt nod Notea Tor Women. i .-r i wuMisisiurt I JUMMrtjMMPMMB ^ WOmMOS^^ ui yarua ui ,(i dress of a fashionable lady added three i| feet to her stature. t Among the favors given at a " Ger- i man " recently in New York, were gold fj scarf pins for gentlemen and bangles for d Avoid the extremes of fashion. To Jj dress np to its entire demand is to sub- " mit to a condition of perpetual selfOwners of pearl jewelry should be ^ careful to keep it from exposure to J greasy surfaces, as contaot of this kind J destroys its lnster. J A medical writer informs ladies that t by a too active use of their fans they g check perspiration and prodnce cntane- ii ons diseases. A London magistrate lately declared the outBide pockets on ladies' dresses to be an inducement to thieves. He pro- ? nonnced them to be a foolish and im- (] proDer fashion, nor did he pity any one for losses thus incurred. I A beautiful English woman was walk- v ing in the Rue de la Paix, when a French s pnppv greatly annoyed her by pertina- i: oiously dogging her and glaring at her. a She turned upon him and said: g " Really, I have not a sou to give you." t ____ i ? j A Look Into Yesnvlns. i Mrs. General Oollis, who has been t traveling in Europe for the last seven v months, and whose graphic letters have ? been read with general interest, writing * from Italy, describee her visit to the c erupting crater of Vesuvius aB follows: 1 "I pushed to the very mouth of the s - - ? < 1 --'-l-l V crater?yes, and loosed down rjgm into ? the yawning abyss. Unlike Sir Oharles Coldstream, I did see something in it, and heard it, too. Never shall I forget those awfnl moments. From deep down in the very heart of the mountain?how far beneath me I cannot say?came a rumbling of distant thunder, followed by more rapid and sharp detonating sounds, like the explosion of firearms, then a flash, a peal of thunder, and presently it belched forth dense clouds of smoke, ascending to an incredible height, followed by a discharge of fleryred bowlders, small stones, streams of molten lava and scarlet flame. The interior of the orater seemed lined with layers of pure sulphur of a beautiful yellow tint, made more intense by contrast with the immense body of black lava by which I was surrounded. Deep down into the crater seemed a sea of smoldering fire. It is extraordinary -?11?J HOW little we realize iuo unug? ui w adventure like this until it is over. Had: " I learned before I started of the sad fate < which Biz years ago befell a similar party 1 of explorers, I might have hesitated. It 1 was m 1872 that a party of twenty stu- 1 dents from Naples ascended the moun- 1 tain during an eruption. They ttood 1 upon the brink of the orater, when end- < denly they were enveloped in a oloud of ; sulphurous smoke and falling projectiles. ! T"-'-L1 ? ' fanma aatr alh norialip/1. I JZilgllb Ui lucm vovu*? ""/ and I believe only two of their bodies were ever reoovered. The desoent was pleasant enough; in fact the sensation < was more agreeable than otherwise, for at every step our safety was assured by the sinking of our feet into the deep ashes and soori?. We arrived at Naples at about 7 p. m., delighted with our *" most profitable work, and regretting only that our glories and adventures were not shared by those absent ones whose society wonld have made the joy of the day absolutely oomplete." Hereditary Effects or Drink. Dr. WQlard Parker, referring to the hereditary effect of drink, said to a New York repoiter: "Of all agents, alcohol is the most potent in establishing heredity that exhibits itself in the destruction of mind and body. It transmits an appetite for strong drink to the ohildren, and these are likely to have that form of drnnkenneee which may be termed paroxysmal; that is, they will go for a considerable period without any indul ?-11 i : 1 genoe, mini at jast au utuwziD ui oouoontrol give way. The drunkard by inheritance in a more helpless slave than his progenitor, and the ohildren he begets are more helpless still. Hereditary effects of drink are shown in insanity, idiocy, epilepsy and other affections of the brain and nervous system. Pritchard and Esqnirol, two great authorities on the subject, attribute one-half of the cases of insanity in England to the use of aloohol, and the same is probably true in this country. One-half of the idiots are of drunken parentage. I have been acquainted with several men, having brilliant and cultivated minds, who inherited the vice, and they have stated to me that there were times when the impulse to drink strong liquor was irresistible, and that nothing had power to dissuade them from yielding to it. An instance of how a mother, accustomed to the use of aloohol, influences 1. - CC 1__ J t uer uuBpiuuK, inajr reiaw^u xruui iuj own experience. A merchant in good oircumstanoes came to me for medical advice. He was in the habit of getting intoxicated every night before retiring. His mother also drank habitually, and died of paralyma. He had two brothers and three sisters. The oldest brother died a paroxysmal drunkard. My patient was always in a state of mental discomfort and was suspicious and jealoue to the most unreasonable degree. The third brother and child died a drunkard, and the fourth child, a sister, was an inmate of a lunatic asylum. The filth child was intolerable on account of her ecoentricity. The sixth obild, also a woman, died of consumption. The second son, my patient, married a woman of due physical and mental organization. They had two sons; the elder was associated with his father in basinesp, and was an energetic man. but very excitable, and although not an habitual drunkard, was a slave to his other animal appetite,i Tiu- ~ j. no utucr uuuu WUQ in rctuibjr u muittf idiot. Here, in spite of the restraining influence of the fine mental and physical mother, we see Jhe Q a^ork on sanitery soience^ says that he average duration 'of life in this city q 1810 was between twenty-six and wenty-seren years. Since then it haa leer eased until the average age does not ow exceed fifteen years. If we reduoed he death rate to what it was fifty years go there would be a saving of more han 11,000 lives every year. Our city nght to be one of the healthiest in the rorld. A carefnl examination will always reveal the fact that indulgence in lcoholio beverages and the death rate, s well as fhe increase in mental ana ervous diseases, have a relative propor^ ion. Of course there are other de li i 1 ?1 : enerative chudcd, uui tucjr gu uaw w 3temperance as the primary one." Fires. There is just now what writers who risk to be fine would call "an epiemio " of conflagrations. Reports of iros reach us from all parts of the counry. When the "devouring element," rbioh is another approved phrase, detroys a city, the acoonnts are long and mpressive, and the statement of damgee, in figures, startling; yet the ag;regate of loss by isolates! fires during he lest few days is very large, footing, n not a large number cases taken colectively,not less than $100,000. Causes many of these cases are not given; rat there is one cause, carelessness, rkiob, for want of a better, may be afely assigned. Now and then mention s mode ol a " deieotive nue, wniou is arelessness in the oonorete. It would )6 very easy to preach about prudence ind caution, but the best warning is to )6 found in the facts. The present hard reather naturally leads to the employuent of a higher temperature in varmii^ buildings of all kinds which equire to be warmed; and the esult is greater danger and more requent burnings. Very few houses jet anything like a careful inspection at he beginning of winter, so that flues vhich are defective remain so, and heatng apparatus which is dangerous is not nade safe, as it might easily be at small expense. There are men of such prulenee that their houses are not likely to ake fire from any fault of their own; jut they are not many. The world will jo on trusting to good luck until the in&l conflagration; but protest against inf?fn?Hnn -will nnf. hfl in vain, if lere ?.r there it shall save a home or a ife.?New York Tribune. Domestic Rights on the Rail. When one of the trains from New fork reached this city the other day, an rid gentleman got np and started for ;he rear end of the car. He had gone bnt a few steps before the old lady who bad been sitting with him rose np with ber hands fnll of knitting work and followed him down the aisle, her hands ax tended. It was now noticed bv tbe passengers that the old lady had plaoed her ball of yarn in his pocket. When he got np he turned around several times before starting, and in so doing bad wound the yarn around him so that the old lady had no ohoice except to follow him, drop her knitting or see her yarn broken. She said not a word, but a passenger noticing what was going on reached np and gently taking the unconscious old gentleman by the ear, turned him around so he saw what he was doing, and the yarn was saved. By this time the rest of the passengers were roaring with laughter.?New Haven Palladium, jjH| t ?' vy,y " ADVERTISING RATESt, Tdo! 1 in. % col K col. 1 col. 1 Week S LOO $ 5.00 $ 9.00 915.00 2 " 1.75 7 50 12.35 20.00 3 " 2.50 9.00 15.25 24.00 . 4 '? 3 00 10.50 18.00 27.50 JM * i. dm it K OA ui in no W QtUU XJL.it/ aviw v*?w 6 ? 4.CC 12-50 22.75 34.00 7 " 4 50 18.25 24.75 87.00 8 " 5.00 14.00 26.00 40.00 -''i 8 months. 6.50 17.06 32.00 50.00 *^PI 4 " 7.50 19.00 89.50 69.00 6 " 8.50 24.00 48.00 84.00 9 " 9 50 30.00 59 00 105.00 12 " 10.25 85.00 68,00 120.00 GT Transient advertisements most be accompanied with the oaeh to insure insertion. TIMELY TOPICS. Spain is of more account in this world than is generally supposed. It took, together with its colonies, 2,500 distinctions of all kinds at the Paris exhibition, while England and her colonies took 2,465. A consignment of 970 sheep from Kentucky, said to be the finest ever ?"'aod in f.Viin nnnntrv. bronchi fiicht and seven cents a pound in a Massachusetts market recently, whereat the Boston Cultivator exclaims: " How is that, Northern farmers!" Philippus writes to the London Timet that he finds a horse's shoes will by degrees (he being worked lightly at first) wear down till a stratum of the hoof is reached at whioh he can perfectly well be worked without shoes?in fact, goes better without them. o ) In January, 1871,. a Frenoh gunner was struok by a fragment of a Prussian shell whioh carried away his jaw, nose and both eyes. The surgeons have at last devised for him a metallic mask, with eyes, a false nose and an artificial jaw that permits him to masticate his food. The woman he was engaged to when the war broke out married him. ? " '> Willie Williams was taken from the poorhouse in Detroit, Mich., when he was a little boy, and made a drudgein a physician's family. He was sent to school, where he frequently complained of hard work at home, insufficient food, and severe punishment. A few days ago he went to market with five dollars to make some purchases. He returned f.ViA ohn.nca two dollars short, and said, on being questioned, that he had spent the missing money for a pistol with which to shoot himself. The physician tried to take the weapon away from him, bnt he ran into another room, looked the door and committed su(ride.|^|?( English photographers avoid thfl<^mH|^ ^H on the sitter's eyes, whi(^<MMnl|8^M^j suits in a ghastly clock-face as thr jpotifll.^tn are direotaL^njfi^RXfl^H^^^HHI^Mff travel j f round. The rotatory moveEM^^H., SUCH a nlWpHyS, f' 0 7*v > J-.-HeMfrfijfcU?ii#n|Himanieye*a*o > i.. J. Tne'futtcrs^ave expressed Wnw?H^w"aving had any strain ^ ~ The la ten; exploit of the San Francisco reporter Is the alleged exposnre of a eroeeea formanufacturing hens' eggs from deleterious materials. According VP fhe alhnmen is imitated by a mixture of sulphur, carbon and fatty matter obtained from the slaughter houses and rendered sticky with mucilage. The yelk is made of blood, phosphate of lime, magnesia, muriate of ammonia, oleio and margario acids and colored with chrome yellow. The shells are shaped by a blow-pipe from a mass of gypsum, plaster of Paris, carbonate of lime and oxide of iron. After the shells are blown the albumen is forced in through a hole in the small end and sticks to the sides; then the yelk is added, and after being oovered with -aaoro-ef the olWgmn rnitfnrfl the hole is sealed with cement, the complete egg is rubbed pretty smooth and laid aside for paoking. It is asserted that many barrels of these eggs have been shipped eastward for consumption. Bnried Treasure Brought .to Light. There has been considerable excitement among the residents of Bossville, Staten island, over the good fortune of Christopher Meister, a German marketnro-rrJoriAr limine on the Lake farm" on Lake island, near the sound shore. Mr. Meister and his son, while digging a pit to bury turnips, in a sandy spot near the shore, struok a large stone three feet below the surface. Upon removing the stone they discovered an old-fashioned iron pot, of about a peck's capacity, filled with what appeared to be large, copper coins. They at once removed the pot to the house, and after cleaning a few coins, which were black with age, found them to be Spanish silver dollars, some of them bearing date 1748. The farm occupied by Mr. Meister was owned and occupied by the Lake family before and dnri'jg the revolutionary war. It seems probable that the treasure found by Mr. Meister was hidden where found by some of the Trf?k? family during one of the raids made by tories on the island. Abont five years ago a nnmber of gold and silver coins were dug np in the garden of ex-Sheriff Negnant at Kossville, and still later a box full of Spanish dnbloons wap found on the farm of Mr. Jrospean, near the old Methodist Episoopal church at Rossville. Mr. Meister was highly elated over his good fortune, and intended making further explorations, believing that there is more buried treasure in the vioinity.?New York ? Tribune. " Graphicaliycs." I'm saddest when I Sing Sing.?State Boarder. Mr. John Frost is the author o "Beautiful Snow." In France there are regular schools for the training of dogs. One teacher has 200 pnppils. Ten men declare that they could not refuse To put their feet in Bayard Taylor's shoes. r??oa Vail Ttiror havA its becinnin# in 1/VW A MM *f> T WO O.W ^ the spring?? Cincinnati /Saturday Night. Sommer near there, probably. The camel is a paragrapher of the animal kingdom; he has snch a funny column, you know.?Yonkere Gazette. Certainly;.but a donkey with a healthy bray has a funnier call'em than the camel. Pat away the little discount That oar greenback used to wear. He will need the badge no longer, . He has olimbed the golden stair. Gone to meet Old Bullionr ?Ntxo York Graphic.