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The tri-weekly herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1865, March 25, 1865, Image 1

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Ten Dollars for 3 Months.] Devoted to the Disseminatin of General Iformation [sa Avance
Ivery Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday,
'y Thes. F. &,JL H. Greneker,
Terms-$10 for three months, in advance. Ad
vertiseaients inserted at the rate of *$ for first
insertion of twelve lines or less, and $3 for sub
sequent insertion.
Single insertion of one square $5.
Johnston and Sherman.
The New York World of the 3rd has an in
teresting lefter from its Baltimore correspoi
dent, "Druid," of date March 1st. In the let
ter the World'8 correspondent gives the rela
tive strength, as far-as his knowledge extends,
of the opposing armies under Generals Johns
ton and Sherman. The letter is interesting,
as being the'speculations of a usually well
informed correspondent. After stating that
General John#n had assumed direction of
the campaign now progre;sing against Sher
nian, "Druid" goes on to say:
If the troops recently Wilmington and
1XeWbern, under Gei:t rals terry, Foster and
Scefield, had effected a junction with Sher
mian, the united Federal forces then would
bave greatly outnumbered Gen. Johnston's
,army. But these accounts state, not only
tkat this junction had not taken place, but
that it would not take. Instead of moving
westward from Wilmington, by way of Fay
etteville.to join Sherman at Concord,, th6se
troops it is Paid, are moving northward to
Goldsboro, with the intention of marchingen
Raleigh, from which it is inferred by the Con
federates that it is the,iQtention of Gen. Sher
man to meet them there. -In this case, of
course, Gen. Sherman will eudeavor to force
the passage of the Yadkin river, and at that
point, or near there, in all probability, the
battle will take place, which will decide Gen.
Sherman's fate.
At the time that General Lee assumed ' the
chief-command of the Confeder te armies,
- there were 95,000 Confederate trobps in the.
West and Southwest namely :-30,000 under
Qeneral Tayl6r, Hood's successor; 25,000 in
Arkansas and Missouri, under General Price
(some correspondent,s ot administration pa
pers, writing rom St. Louis and Memphis,
say that Gen. Price had 28,000); 20,000 in
Texas and Louisiana, under 'General Magru
der;. and 20,90 in scattered detachments in
Florida, Mississippi and Alabama, including
the garrison at Mobile. z
Thirty thousand of these troops were at
once ordered. to report to General Beauregard,
in South Carolina. Their orders were to pro
ceed first to Artanta and Macon, where they
would be met by staff officers of Gen. Lee,
with specifie instructions. The numbers of
troops who were en route in purs'uance of
. - heseorders are stated to be-10,000 from
General Taylor ; -10,000 from General Price ;~
. ,000 from. Texas, and 5,000 from Mobile,
which latter place is to be evacuated. Cut
th'is number down one-third, and we have
20,000 troops hastening by railroad to join
General,Tohniston, for they v.ould all reach
Atlanta brailroad. From A tida, the route
would be tWashington, in Wilkes coun-ty,
- Georgiai, fifty miles northwest of August a.
From this point to Chesterville, Chester co.,
South Carolina, a di.<tance of one hun<ired and
twenty, a new s ailroa;d-is said to ha,ve been
constructed and to be nowv moperan;on. patss
ing through Ahheville, Newberry and Allston.
That.part of the r.ird rrom.* Abber ile to Ails
toa,.was completedt anid.in operatien as early
-as 1868; so that thsere .were onlN the. t.wo
elinks from Washingte ni to A bhevi'ie. ,n I from,
Allston to. Chesterv.iile. a distance of' sixty
miles in all, t> be built in 1864.
If these two links have been bmilt, as stated,
then ttese 2{;000> troops, comnine al! the way.
by railroad, have ,>ined hen. Joht;ston by
this time. If.not, they will h:ave the:.e sixty
rules to rMrch on foot, which will retard
their arrwt? foor days later. Beside~s them.
*it will be raemmbered, General Johnston. is in
.comnmand.of the troo~ps recently at Chai'ksen
and Branchville, 20,000, those receniy~ at
Wilmington, Goldsboro' and -Hg:ksford,
12,000; those recently under ilardee at Sevan
nah, 16,000; General Wade Hampton's cavalry,
10,000; and the troops recently at Maeon -and
Augusta, 8,000--in a-1566,000. At the down
rJso and call it only 4i)00r, and still, with the
on/1 onrcr, nera Jo'hnston will have
60,000 troops. It is with this fte, which
many well informed personsibelieve is nearer
80,000 than 60,000 strong, that General
Johnston will fight the battle with,-Sherman
which will decide the fate of the latter. But
he will not have to fight -it with these troops
The greatest delusion which the North is
laboring under is, that the pfesenceofGeneral
Meade's army before Petersburg prevents
General Lee.from sending away from Richmond
any troops to reinforce Johnston. The truth
is, not only could Gen. Lee do this without
imperilling the safety of Richmobd or Peters
burg in the least, but he could do it without
the knowledge of General Meade. The closest
observation fails to discover any increase or
diminution in General 'Lee's -numbers. No
intelligent person needs to be told that we
cannot see the whole, of Lee's army. The part
of that army that is visible. to 'the closest
observation is not one tenth part of the whole.
For aught General Meade knows to ihe contra
ry, General Lee may have been reinforced
during the last ten days by as many as 25-000
men, and General Lee, after all, may attempt
to pierce Meade's centre and to defeat one of
his wings before it can be supported.
On the other hand, does not rvery sensible
person know:that askillfful military com.mander
can move troops silently, in the night, from
point to point, and nigh: after night in suc
cession, and still maintain the same show of
force'in front, neither more or less ? Certainly,
it can be done ; has been done, time and again,
both in European wars and in this war. What
is there to prevent General Lee fiom having
thus transferred 20,000, F0,1500'or even 40,000
of his troops from his lines to some,points on
the Danville and Lynchburg railroads west of
Petersburg and southwest of &Richmond ?
Nothing. . And the stake in NortSarolina is
s6high a one,- so much depends upon the
defeat of Sherman there, that in all probability
he has done it. Suppose that General Meade
suspects he has done. it. How is he to find
out?v Only by an assault on s6me part of
Lee's lines, or by a fourth or fifth attempt to
reach the Lynchtg'raiTroad, by' again "ex
tending his lines."
Suppose we should try either, what would
be the result ? I know, the gallantry and
skill of our officers. I know the courage and
devotion of our troops.,. But I know also
sorhething of the nature. of the defences 'of
Ribmond and Petersburg, and of the facili
ties which General Lee has for concentrating
tr6ops at any point that is threatened with a
real attack. No troops in the world age braver
than ours ; but no troops in the worly 6an ac
complish impossvilities. *The army that was
repulsed at Fredericksurg and at the mine at
Petersburg, aid at. every attempt that has
bepn made by General Grant, either to carry
the works defending the rebel lines or to reach
the Lynchburg railroad-that army would
have no cause to blush if success did not
crown their next effort. The defences of Rich
inond and Stersburg were erected with this
end in view, 'and they might be held by a com
paratively small. forAe at a time when, in case
of need, the main body of Gen. Lee's army
must be employed,elsewhere.
That period, General Lee probably believes,
bas now arrived. General Sherman must 'be
efeated in North Carolina. He can send Gerr
eral Jolfaston, by railroad, in a very short
time, thirty thousand trdops, and have fortj
live thousand left for the defence of his lines.
l'here is every reason to believe that he hts
done this. But let no one suppose, because
he has do.ne so, tither that Petersburgw will be
evcuated, or*that Richmond will he yielded
without a terrific struggle. It the Confedera
ex falls now, it will fall at Richmond, and Gen
iral 1.ee will gll with it. While the Conted
eracy nmams Richmond will remain its capi
To ,neur to General Johnston. If General
Lee has sent him only 25,004) troops, he will
have 85,000 at the lowest computation, ani
with these it need not be said that Sherman's
nosition becomes one of great peril. If the
reports which have reached here, referred to
above, 'be correct, it is evidently the intention
of both Lee and Johnsten 'to defeat Sherman
on the:Yadkin, and to risk much in order to
effect that end.
House committee for the District of Columbia
have, by an investigation, ascertaied that,
recently seventy persons committed to the
jail of 'that District, have been bailed out and
sold to substitute brokers. Five 'or six of
them were charged with grand larcenies, and
te r'enin*r with trival offences.
latest from Enrope.
Advices from Europe to the 15tUy have been
received :
The "Timp," in a leader, says:
The American war has been singularly
fruitful of unexpected events, but of all the
turns of fortuue none 4as been more theotri-*
cally sudden than one that is now reported to
have happened in favor of the South. At this
mbment the rej6icings of the North are sud
denly hushed, and we are assured from dew
York that President Davis has the game ein
his hands, and can secure the independence
of the Squth either with the assent of the
North, or in dispite of it, according'to his
pleasure. Thfclue of this startling nystery
is to be found in the statement, firmly cred
ited in America, that the Emperor of Mexico
has conveyed in trust of X-poleon 'Ii1, th&
northern portions of the Mexican territory, to
be held and administered by a French Viceroy,
in liquidation of the cliims of France upon
the Mexican Governn-ent. . This cession, it is
#ssumed in the North, couid not possibly oc
cur without the.recugnition of the Southern.
Confederacy by Fraisce, and that recognition,
it is further assumed, would at once be follow
ed by England and the-other great.Powers of
The,1wesumptions current on this. subject
are strengt'hened by the anticipations enter
tained of an emancipation policy on the part
of the Cop federate G.overnment. Tbe %arpri.e
felt in this country at so marvelous a change
of prospect, will be increased in no small de
gree by neraI incredulity.
The Cape mail has brought. the following
The United States steamw. Iroquois, eight
guns, arrived in Table Bay,.:.on January 9,
with a portion of the crews of the schooner
Lizzie M. Stacy and the hark Edward, both of
which vessels were burnt at sea fy the Shen
andoah, the men op board afterward being
landed at Eristan d'Acumba, from whence
they were taken by the Iroquois.
In addition' to the above, the following is. a
ist of the ships burnt by the Shenandoah:
Alena, bark.- from gadriff, bound- to South'
America with coals; ~Susan, bri:, fron) Er.g
land to South America with coals; D. God
frey, bark, febm Boston to Valparaise ; Char
ter Oak, schooner from Boston to San Francis
co. . *
Adelaide, hrk, with Argentine flag, at her
peak, waa borded:' It appeamChUt the ap
tain of the Shenandoah demande< her bili of
sale avid transfer to the Argentine Republic,
which the captain could not produce. She
was then ordered to be destroyed. After they
had broke the cabin and poured tar abd tur
pentine over the floor, the captain of the Ade
laide spoke a few words'to the priratee- cap
tain, fpon which.he immediately ordered them
to repair what damage they h11d done, and re
lease the vessel. It is said that she belonged
to a friend' of the Confederates.
Times in an article on British neutrality says:
No naval expedition can now, by any possi
bility, start from any Confederate port to prey
upon our cornnierce. Yet we have news - thpat
an iron clad, the Olinda, niansSt.onewall, afloat,
and that the Ajax, the Serculus, and three
other rebel privateers are preparing to star-t
from England. It may be true that'these ves
sels will be armed out of British jurisdiction,
but tlhe vessels carrying their arms and crews
will also start from British . ports.
M,ssissn'Pr MoVNG.-A meetinig was held
in Columbus, on Saturday, where speeches
were made by Gov. Whittield, Hon. A. Mur
dock, and Rev. Mr.' Stainbick, all breathing
the same indomitable spirit of resistance to
the dleath, and scouting the idea of peace upon
any other conditions than that of -indepen
Ole Buill reappeared, i- an absence of
many years from the concWrt in Berlin, recent
ly. His old admirers were pleased to find that,
althouigh his hair has. beceme grey, he posses
ses all the wonderful mastery over his instru
ment which be displayed in years long sm1,ce
passed away.
PRoMoTE3.-Re J. H. McNeil, editor of the
North Carolina resbyterian, who has been
for some time acting as Major of the 5th North
Carolina cavalry, has been, promoted to the
rank of Colonel.
Dr. Holmes sab in his new lecture, it should
be no reproach to New England that..shg has
many insane pergons; the persons who fight
the battles of th ht will have most killed
,and wogaded,
Northern lews.
The Northern papers continue to report a
great numbei of deserters from ohr lines, and
are in great exut-tio.i -
The Illinois Legislature has paped a bil o
pay the members in gold.
The War Departient has received Wforma.
tion that the rebels in Cnadavre contenpla
ting a descent on Rocheset.and Oswego.
There is a gre,t* inundation. atJIswYdW
caused by the rise of the Teodessee.
The Yankeesare discuing the propriety of
making Chief-of the Freedmen's Bureaw
Gen. Butler is spoken of.
Gen. Pope has been again removed from the
Pepartment of the North-west.
Bob Lincoln, son of be, has been mad'a.
Captain on Grant's it&6 and sen't to the fron't.
199,690 emigrants landed in New,York last
year. .
Before adjourning, the Federal Congrem.
adopted aresolution tpat the U. S. Govervinent
will nuver redognise The rebel debt on any cou
SAVANNA:ITIAs:-Egs are sellineat $1.60
per doz.; flour $16 to 18 per barrel ; frish pota
toes, $4 per hbl.
Stringent orders hare been issued against all
letters, newspapers and other docuieits being
sent withour -he city.
Nkgro soldiers are being enlisted artd actively..
The cashiers of the Bank of the este of Geor
gia and the Qentral RiilroadB:k are wanted
ait the Piovost Marshal's ofice.
Last wee-k was a continuous succession of
Irain and.thunder storms.
Profes'.or Wiegan formerly of this city, is
"tooting" his horn for the Yanks.
The inall-pox is prevaiing. The prrce of
gas is fixed by militaty ordur at $6 per 100.
A. Northern Correspondent of the Wash -
ington press say.
Matters are approaching a crisit. Before
many weeks the last grard and decisive hatte
will have begun. The prelitminarits are being,
rapidly arranged.
Such a cont,-st as will be,' the world ha
never witlieAd, fir upon it oependt the fafe
of the country. In th'at battle.sho.Ad wtfsuf
fer a defeat, it will be overwhelmig, anti - all
the advantages we may have gained in the past
six months, will be as worthless as the bUbble
reputations they have made.
From til the outer garrisons and troop depots
the rebel army at theCapital is beit augmeht
ed. Silently but 'rely the storm is gathering.
Let us nit be toAnguinc df succes.
Land for.ee! con inne to be concentrated at
Pensacola. Stat ents fromn Vorth Alabam1a
relate that a portion of Thomas' army is mot
ing eastward toward Chattanooga. It is spA
posed h intendr, a movement throngh Will%
Valley to Alabama.to act in0 concet With
operations against Mobile.
. Private information from Charleston reports
the garrWon ereatly reduced. The Yankees
nre-runn1ng railroad trains from Charleston to
McAbone writes to the New York Weekly
RpvitOthat he has discovered a tallow mine.
To the objction that.geologists may say
this i; an impossibilit.y, he replies, "What
would they have satid of an oil well ten years
COFFEE CAKEs.-Take tome riCe that .has
been boiled soft, twice as mich flour as rice,
a little fine Indian rmeal, ands a little yeast. a
Mix it with cold wate'r .and let it vise over
night. This will mnake.a fine biscuit fer breaky*
"Motherj' said a little, fellow, "is there anmy
arm in breaking egg shells. ?"~ "Certainly
not, my deat, but why do you ask?" "Cause
I dropped the basket jtrst now; an~d see what a .
merss I am in with the yolk!"
One hundred and seventy thougand .dollars
in money and ov fifty thousan4 dollars
worth of provisions have b'eh contriboted in
Augusta for the benefit.of Columbia sufierers.
tincoln is the first Presidenf, since 1833,ati
interval of 32 yoars, who has been .re-inkugu
rated. Gen. Jackson was ethe last, previous
to Mr. Lincoln.-.
De Quincey somew here tells an, anecdois
of a man who, being threatened, with assault
by eighteen tailors, cried out, "(gne on,
both of you."
An English-writer says a pecA31iare1
phere surrounds royalty. We Cappose
the heirs to the throne.
Sorrow comies soon enotAh withouot.dgpon
decy'-; it does a manm no good to carry aroundi
a lightning rod to attradt' troublie.

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