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The tri-weekly herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1865, April 20, 1865, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053216/1865-04-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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$15 Dollars for 3 Monthso] Devoted to the Dissemination of General Information. rSingle Copies 50 Cents
Every -Tuesday, Thursday and .Saturdiy,
By Thos.T. & R. H. Greneker,
ferm--$15 for three months, in advance. Ad
rertiserments inserted at the rate of $5 for first
4enion of twelve linesor less, and $4 for sub
sequenct insertion.
Empire of the Wet.
People who have been peering through their
tmaginary i lescopes,and mentally taki:g time
by the forelock, ask this question : .Where,
ia the lventof continued federal successes,
can wego to escape the egnsequences of an oc
cpation of the country?- Whither may our
- armies retreat, to esoape the constant pressure
t-pon them,. and to renew themselves for fresh
lcofi.ctY A pertinent inquiry, and not with
out a uggestive moral.
Putting aside the dem'onstrated impossibili
ty of subjugation, we assume, for the nonce,
the .possmbility of the calamity anticipated.
Fr4m, Virginia, we are pressed back to- the
interien of North Carolina. Driven from the
co4st, *e aeek exile in the upper Districts of
the Paligetto State, Routed from these, we
plunge into Georgia only to meet the - advan
eing columns from the West, or be frightened
out of all propriety by raiding parties from
the line of the Atlantic. With scant wardrobe
and dpleted purse we continue our peripate
tic vwanderings to Alaubamna; but "here we
rest"-the rendering o her, beautiful Indian
ame-is still no soothing balm to the weary
feet bf the traveller. ' LouisiAna is* without
barm, and Florida'is but a corner. Where
next?- Tolexas!, We;cross the Mississippi,
and sweep across a gt-ntly rolling country,
whose miions of yet untouched acres, wait!
only- the tickle of the hoe "to laugh with a
- harvest." Mositality greets. the refugee;
Rlenty abiksods; the country hastnot been
laid waste bymarchirig armies ; the foot fall
of ati enemy has.not been heard ;.all the as
sociations ofPeare- even in the use of specie
as currency-exist, and prosperity reigns un
- disturbed. Here, then, is the Mecca of all
disheartened Confedertes-the spot whereon
we may rest tour bodies, refresh our souls,
and recuperate our exhausted eriergies. The
tide of war nay roll on elsewhere, but here
thewaves wil lose themselves among vast
prairies which are empires in themselves. The
prospect is a pleasant one, and the picture
not intensely colored. Individually, it is open
to, and may be enjoyed by all. -
From a military and collective point of
view,the thenie suggests graver considerations.!
If, after obstinately contesting the possession
of our sog, incIr by inch, from Virginia to
r or from Tennessee to the Gulf, the
'fteofar should.compel Gen. 'Lee and his
armies, together with. the Executive heads of
the nation,. tempdiarely to abandon the States
-East of the Mississippi, there is not a foot-hold
Sall the world more inviting or secure than
may be found upon the soil -of Texas. Equal
in territory to any three of the large States
possessing a fertility of land that would supply
*a million of men for a generation ; with* . great
herds of wikd cattle roaming on her prairies to
cpntribute solid food for their sustenance:;
embroidered by a coast line, from almost any
*point of which we cou.ld connect ourselves with
Europe; boug,ded by a country rich inevr
niaual resource, whose Emperor is afred
if not an ally, Texts is a StaLe in which the
yjii igiht continue ad inftnitum,er until the
foe were ready to acknowledge odr -independ
There, the advanta*ges would all be on ,ouirI
side. The enemy would be compelled' to sup
ply'its armies far away from their magazines.
By sea andlaind, thousands of miles would
necessarily have to be crossed before the first
step towards the subj ugation.of the State c#tld
be con,iinced ; and then to defeat all plans
and preparations, we need but fail back, and
let the enemy follow to meet their destruction
al~most without a blow.
The view may be a novel one, but we believe
i! can be demonstrated, that if the Confederacy
* , whipped at all, she will be whipped by railroads.
We live in an age in which time and space have
been annihilated by steam and lightening. The
telegraph and passenger train have caused .mnore
battles in one year than have before been fought1
in half a century. .A blessing in one sense, they
have proved a curse in another. We have used
them to concentrate troops and move supplies,
but they have opened to the enemy all the avenues'
offpproach to the heart of the Confederacy.
* They have been the grand objective points ofi
'every campaign,.and when gained, have rarely
been released. .The war has been a war for the
defence of railroads, and two* hundred thousand
*dead men along thcir track attest the fact. True,
,this has been one of the natural sequences of the
progress of'the age, and the old fashioned strate
to the new influences engendered by. that pro
- Still, had there been no railroads and telegraphs,
this revolution would never have attained its
present magnitude. The country would not have
been ove:run, the temptation to pierce and occu
py our interior would have been wanting, and a
few pitched battles along the frontier would have
brought our acknowledgement as a free and In
dependent people. In Texas they have but fe*
of these two-edged swords. War on her 4pil
would, tberefore, be conducted in aboriginal style.
Once in the State, we- could never be ousted;
and once in, the enemy would never escape. The
old principles of military art would agai' be ap
plied, and long before the war could -wrminate
on this side of the Mississippi by mere force * of
arms,-the v;ctories there achieved through the
combination of a hundred influences in our favor,
would result ip. a.glorious peace.-6Carolinian.
-The Liverpool Times says the merchanLs
and traders of Bombay have reaped a golden
harvest in consequence of the war in this
country, through the impetus it has given to
the cotton trade in Irdia. Immense fortunes
have been made bv every one-largely engaged
in the work of producing an4 stimulating'the
growing of cotton. Millionaires abotnd. Clerks
with small salaries have had their -fortuces
swellediou twgigantic proportions. Even'the
ryots, the poorest and most depressed of the
Agricultural laborers iin Hindoostan, have par
takgn so freely of this auriferious manna that
they now rejoice. in evefy comfort and luxury
the-East can supply. Every person however
remotely concerned with cotton has made
money enough to satisfy the misers' utmost
av.rice. But there have been drawbacks to
this otherwise glowing picture. The price of
other articles has correspondingly increased,
the value of property, of Ilouses, of lodgings,
of the necessaries of life, has moid than kept
pace with-this sudden shower of the precious
metals. Persons with fixed incomes now find
it impogible to lTve i the-Ity whIctc has~heeT
the scene of this ex+raordinaty change, and
the Gov3r-nor of Bornbay, Under the fear of
beiug deserted by his afixiliaries,was-conpell
ed in self-defence, tu increase their stipef-ds,
lest they should be overwhelmed and crushed
by this plethora of good luck to the compara
tive few. Cottoh has -been so remunerative
under the new itimulant of high price that
the cultivation of grain, rice and other edibles
has been comparatively neglected, and the an
omaly'is witnessed qf starvation following in
the wake of this sudden and unlooked fir
prosperity.. -
BLOCr'DE RUNNING.-In connection witiI
the closing of the port of Wihiington, the fok z
lowing statistics of the blockade running ar
' In*1862, 1863 and 1864, no fewer than 11L
sw'ft steamers were built on the Clyde for tle
purpose of running the blockade of the. Cor
federate ports. Of the whole 111. steamer-,
70 have either been captured- or destroye,
leaving at the close of 1864, 29 still running
while 11 were on their way ou;. The numbe
running at the close of 1864 was larger thai t
at any previous Reriod in the annals of thi
blockade. The average number of trips madh
by a blockade runner does not exceed five, s
that enormans profits must be realhzed pe
voyage.to make this peculiar branch of adven
ture at all remunerative. Most of the block
ade runners become watchers, in which ca
pacity they prove very serviceable. It may b
added that notwithstanding the large tumbe
of blockade runners captured or tiestroyel,
more niew steamers were built on the Clyde ii
1864 to supply their places than either il
1862 or 1863, showing that speculators an
not at all disheartened. 1
A t to polite rebukes they are not uncom~
mon, and -are more easy to administer, Fred
eric, called the Great, of Prussia,.was at leas
a very great snuff taker. -To save the troubb
of continually pushing his hand in his pocket
he had a snuff boi on his chimney piece <f
every room in the suit of rooms he occ'upied
One day, when busy in his c-abinet, he saw
page, who fancied he was not observed, un.
ceremoniously testing the royal snufEi He toot
no further notice at the time, but about ai
hour afterward he ordered the page to brin;
him the box. "Take a pinch," said the kingl
"'how do' you find it ?" "Excellent sire.'' "AnIj.
the box ?"-"Superb sire." Very well ;keep kj
then; it hardly holds enough for us two."
A GooD CoiMPAmsoN.-Dahlias are like the
most beautiful women without in.tellectuality.
They strike you with astonishment by their ex
terior splendor, but are muiseralily destitute of
those properties which distinguish and rende
.agreeable less imposing flowers. Had nature
given the fragrance of the rose -or the lilly to tha
dahlia, it would have been the most magnificent
gem of the garden : but wanting scent, it is like
a fine woman Wit}}oud.ijnd
Fire in Savannab.
At a little before I1 o'clock, on the Ist Feb.,
commenced the greatest cunflagration that has
occurred in Savannah since 1820, so says the
Herald (yankee) newspaper of-that place.
Before midnight the ammunition was reached,
and then commenced a series of terrific explo
sions. $
The roar an crashing of the exploding shells
awoke many a sleeper from his quiet repose.
People rushed from their' houses half dressed,
and ran to and fro in phrenzied excitement..
Between twelve and ore the scene was sadly,
savagely grand. The flaMs from. the burning
piles of building had spread in one lurid sheet
bver the city with a black cloud of smoke like a
funeral pile hovering ove- them.. Every moment
hissing, shrieking shells would mount i1i the air,
dashing-their hurtling fragments around.
To add to the parioramic beauty of this sub
lime scene, a shell struck the side of the re r
voir, and a jet-de-feu, sprtng forth, rivalling n
beauty any fountain, and looking in the fiery
glare like a shower of molten silver.
About this time we ventured toward the scene
of ruin and conflagration, and it was.heart-rend
ing in the extreme. Women and children were
'rushing around in panic-stricken confusion, some
striving to save a little of their effects; others
wildly escaping the fying missles. With death
staring them in the'face, the fire companies were
on the 1hpot striving to subdue the devouring
elements. What made the moral courage they
displayed the greater, a report got currency that
several barrels of powder were in the building
contiguous, towards which the fire was rapidly
We'saw a fpw dead and some wounded men
Lying on the.streetand being carried away. Wo
men and children were huddled in groups urder
shelter of walls and houses, trembling both with
cold and fear.
In the confusion, families were separated, and
t was painful to see -mothers rushing back
hrough the flames. and flying missiles, seeking
heir children, and when found. trantically em
bracing them and bearing them from the living
We have seen towns sacked, we have seen
many i battlefield, but so fearfully grand and
ippalling a sight we ha.ve scarcely ever witnessed.
-The bnildings on both sides of West Brord
street, on -to Ann street and St. Ganl, with the
tildings along Congress street, Pine street,
Broughton street, and Zubly's street, are all in
-Uins, with nothing but tall . spectre looking
:himneys remaining.
It was a sad sight to see .houseleA women aiid
:hildren weeping over the riins of their late
iomes. They were now outcasts,. as poor and
;helterless as Lazarus. Many who had conteqted
,hemselves that they had their comfortable
iomnes spared them from the wreck of war, were
hey could nestle and toil through the world
mew, now felt the cold hand of utter hopeless
iess press upon them.
>ers intimate that England will soon have
rouble in Australia. The people,-wFsee by
he Picaydne, have determined that their coun
ry shall not be made a place of refuge for all
he villains of Greg Britain, and are persist
ntly urging the Home Government toabolish
be system oftransportation. For many months
ietitions and remonstrances,private and official
tave beer sent forward' against sending any
nore convicts to Western Austrahl. Men of
11 shades of opinion, and of every class, .have
aken~a. part in th, agitation, and made a comn
non cause of it. In fact the feeling it unani
nous and profound, that the soil of Australis:
hail no lonber be polluted by the filth of Eng
and, and that a persistance -in the policy will
nevitably.tend to estrangement and final sep
.rtion. Since the discovery of gold a better
lass of population has emigrated to Australia,
,nd with the thrift and enterprise of its peo.
de it is* becoming wealthy and prosperous..
delbourne, the principal city, which bad but
few thousgnd inhabitants ten years ago, has
nore than 150,000 population. With a couh
ry, three millions of square rmiles in extent,
r'hich embraces every variety of climate, from.
orrid to temperate, with arable soil, and en
iched with the gpiden treasures of the earth,
t is natural that the Australians should seek
o remove the stigfta which rests on their
ountry as a convict land, and strive for ani
tonorable future.
rille' NeVws says that,reports from East Tennes
~ee represent Gen. Thomas, with from fifteen
a twenty thousand .troops, moving up .the
~ouhtry, and repairing the 'railroad as they
Ldvance. Every indication points to ihe per
Danent occupation of the country. General
Phomas' advance had reached Greenville.
General Johnston is reported to be falling
3ack in r.Westernly direction, Sherman fol
owing, and General Lee to be in a position,
wvhichm enables him to concentrate at will. The
legions are gathering for battle, and in the
tremendous blows likely to be inflicted, we
read signs of promise.-Carolinian.
'True Remarks.
.The Selma (Alabama) Reporter says : The
military ought always to be subordinate to
theicivil authoritics, except in districts over
run or adjacent to the-enemny. It is a common
observation with those who are observant of
the signs of the timcs, that there is now not
much law in. the land; and, realizing this, all
restraint is-being thrown off by the dissolute
and licentious, and the niost-daring atrocities
perpetrated in the open light of day. We are
drifting rapidly into anarchy and barbarism,
and unless we bestir ourselve from.the stupor
which is a tacit license to cri e and loutrage;
such as is stalking ab oad unchecked in our
midst, we must su er consequences too
h9rrible to contemplate without a shudder.
We.must do something adequate to the emer
gency. if we would purge. our comndnity of
lion headed rascality and its altendafifresults..
Several atrocities of astounding magnitude
have go'ne unwhipped of justice within a fort
night past, and if the sanctity of law and the
inviolability of human rights continue thus to
be trampled upon, the day connot be distant
when our cities will be a bedlam from which
hont-st peeple will be compelled to fly as *om
a Sodom ripe for'the descending fires of Heavt n.
Even now there is but a partial security of
life: for property there is none except bolts
and bars, and these are broken with the
fasiest facility. It is plain to see that our law
abiding citizens will have to organize thein
selves into vigilance,cowpanies for patrol duty
anO the other offices essential to self protection.
Neither civil or military laws affords- the ade
quate protection, called for under the terriblo
circumstan-es that surround'us: the first is
inoperative, while the tatter is prostituted by
the,Oemoralization in the-land.
We hear almost daily of men here and else
where being shot down in dold blood, without
even the shadow of arraignment or investiga
tion, by. military orders. This it will never do
to submnit to, for such nequiesoence in lawless
nesg involves the absolute ruin of eur bejoved
country. Honest people cann9t iong respect
a country-mu 'h ;.ss will they fight for it
after it is seen that justice is ignored even by
the guardians of the public weal, and good
men generally lulled into stupefaction by the
infernal vampire which is st'daling our. senss
while it fans us to sleep. We are tottering
upon the brink.of a precipice which will swal
low us up unless we spring backward from its
opened jps! Rogues and assassins are mar
shalling in battle array to pillae us under the
cover of Midnight, arid they'will accornplish
their purposes if somethiag be not done speedi
ly' to thwart their designs. Are we helpless? If
vot, let us wake up at once, and confront our
perils at home ere we sufier.our minds to be
diverted by damages th1t are remote.
Tnm. C .novs.--A curious man is necessarily
endo*ed with many virtues; or at 'kast, his
curiosity stands him in the place of tbem.
Industry andperse7erxnce he must possess in
the bighest degree. There is -no stone which a
truly curious person will leave unturned, in
order to obtaiv-a bit of intelligence. Queen
Sheba performed a tedious pilgrimage merely
to get a sight-of King Solomon. Actseon en
countered a cruel death to learn what*sort of
stuff a goddess was; made of; or probably to.
ascertain whether she was as great a prude as
she pretended. One wornan jammed, herself
into a clock-caseto surprise the secrets of the.
Freemasons ;and many a man and many a
woman too, have satcrificed the happiness of.
their entire life for the mere pleasure of
satisfying, themselves that they were not
loved by their wedded life-partner. What a
world of intrigue' will a truly, curious ma
bring to bear, for the purpose of knowing the
1contents of your butcher's tray, of learning
Iwhat news the postman brought you thi*
mo'rning, or of discovering~ whether you dine
at homne or abrod. Another quality essential
to the curious'rnan is courage. As all the'
world have something to conceal, all the
world have-their hands set against him who
'would penetrate their secret; and kickings
and cuffings innumerable are the reward of
that pat'rigrism. which would -make it-.e'f. a,
substitute for Momus's glass' indow in 'the
human breast.
Co-oPERATIoN'or THE WIFE.-No man ever
prospered in~ the w.*d without the co-ope'rg
on of his wife. If' she unite in mutual erglea
vors, or rewards his. labors with an endearing
smile, with what confidence will be r'esort to
his merchandigeo or his, farm fly over the land,
.sail upon seas, meet difficulty, and encounter
danger, if he know that he is not spending his
strength in vain, but that his labor wil be -re
warded by the sweets of home ! Solicitude
and disappointment enter the history1'of every
man's life, and he is but half provided for his
voyage who finds but an associati for bappy
hon~rs, while for his mnonth3 of darkness and.
ditet no ammpthiring partner is prepared.

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