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TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM. > GOD AISTD OTJI* COI^^TTIY. ? ? _ V ALWAYS IN ADVANCE - '
VOLUME 11._SAr, JED AY MORNING, SEPTEMBER'S, 1877; NUMBER 31 DeTreville & He. ward IATTOKNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW Orangebnrg C II., S. v. i&" Will practiec in the various Courts of the State* W. J- DoTroville, James S- Ueywnrd juno 23 tf. ABIAL LATIIROP, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Orangebuvg, S- C ?S?y Oflicc injrear of Masonic Hall. ?I areb 3 1 v Knowlton & Wannam?ker, * ATTORIffEYS Asm COUNSELLORS AT LAW, ? Orungcbiirg b. II., S. C Aug. 11. Knowlten, F. M. Wannamakur, Orangeburg C. II. ? St. Matthew*, may 5 1377 tf Dr. Xj. s. Wolfe can [lie found at hin office over KzekicPs Store w lore lie is prepared 4o execute work on be mast improvul ?tylcs, at short notice}' and at reasonab ?prices" AH work giuifanlccd. June 30 If. NO MISTAKE! TAKE he2, s The Great Remedy for TABLE hex '1atine The Great Cure for Dysf isia and Liver Disease. ATINE Diseases of the I.iver. ire for Dysf >sia and Liver Disua hei/atine TAKE The Great Cure for Indigestion and Liver Disease. TAKE hepatome The Great Cure for Cons nation and L. ver Disease. TAKE hep atine Tk< Grcttt Cure for Sicki JcaUachc & Liver Disease. tic tur oicki jcouaLric ot livci uisca.' HEP ATINE take re forChi I'?.gcveri. ai .The Great CtiKsJlRilious Attacks and liver Disease, take .i> lEPATINE For Sour Stom'fi, Headache and Liver Disease. TAKE epatine For Female Wetness. General Debility and Liver 1 DYSPEPSIA? ( A state of llic Stomach in which its functioitsarc disturbed, often without the presence of other J diseases, attended with loss of appetite, DSJlsef heartburn, sour stomach, rising of food after eating sense of fullness or weight in the stomach, acridor fetid eructations, a fluttering or sinking at the plof the stomach, palpitations, illusion of the senses, nnrbid feelings ana uneasiness of varU ?aus kinds,and -Aich Is permanently cured if you take Constipation or CostivenesB? ' A state of the bowels in which the evacuations do not take place US designed b/ nature and arc inordinately hard and ?xpclled with difficulty, caused by a low state of the system, which diminishes the action of the a-.uscular coat of the stomach. This disease is easily cm cd if you will tak| lES; ^3 IPA.TI 5EHD3GESTIOU A condition of the Stonach pro duced by inactivity of flic Liver, when the food is not properly il digested, and in when condi tion the sufferer is liable to become the victim of nearly evert disease that human flesh is heir to? chills, fc verf and general prostration. 11 is positively Cured if yoX take njfes^A-misrEs Sick & Nervous HEADACHE? 1 It was at one time sipposed that the seat of the brail was in the stomach. Certain it is a wonderful sympathy cxisis between the two, and what effects one his an imme diate effect on the other. So it is that a disordered stomach invariably is followed by a synpatbetic ac tion of the brain, and headaches all arise from this cause. Headaches are easily cured if jou will take ZE3I IE PATI XsTIE Sour Stomach. ? Heartburn? 1 The former Is theprimary cause of the latter. 1 sour stomach Creates the hext and burning sensatnn. The con. tents of the stomach ferment and ttrn sour. Sick stomach, followed by griping, colic and diarrhoea, often occur. When the skin is yellow, TARE HEPATINE When the tongue is coated, TAKE JIT IS DEATH TO DISEASE! For bitter, bad taste in the motlh, TA.?X3 &S~A teaspoonful in a wlncgliss full of water, as directed on bottle, nnd you never will be sick. This is saying a great deal, but we MAKE NO MISTAKE! TAKE n FIFTY DOSES IN EACH BOTTLE. FOR SALE l/V A. ('. DUKKS, Druggist, may 19 1877 ly FOB S V\ A<). A house and "lot at daini.-on's Turn Out bounded on t lie Kant by I lie S. (J. Rail Road* Will be sold elicap. Applv to MRS. II. M. ANIOEEWS. aug U tf. CHAMBERLAIN UNMASKED. Kilos CL Parker's Story of the South Carolina Ring. Ten Years of Rascality?An Expose of tho Crimes of tho Carpet-bag Uovernuisnt Jroui the Reconstruction Convention to its Final Overthrow?1). II. Chamber lain and II. II. Kimpton, tho Arch Conspirators?Parker Didn't Intend to Steal at First, but Chamberlain Tempted him with Golden Fruit?Ho Repents aud Relieves iu Hampton. [From the New York World."] The World reporter called upon Mr. Kites G- Parker, at his house in Jersey City, and obtai ncd from him a very full statement, which was taken down phonographicnlly. The state ment was made without previous preparation, and this may account in great measure for some looseness noticeable iu- tho arrangement, and also for any slight inaccuracies of dates or figures. Yesterday afternoon Mr. Parker was engaged in conduct ing a large temperance meeting in ''crscy City, and on returning home made the following statement: PARKER'S RECORD AND ELECTION, I settled in Charleston in February, 1SG0, engaging in planting and the mercantile supply business In 1867 Gen. Can by appointed me an alder man in the Liiy of Charleston. Gail lard was Mayor at the time aud there was a place in lb. Council made va cant by death. A few months later I was appointed chairman of the com mittee of legislation under the Re construction uets. After the dis charge of tluit daly, Idovo'cd myself again to private business. 1 was soon, however, elected a member of the Constitutional Convention from efibrt to secure my nomination or election. In that convention 1 was chairman of the committee on finance, and succeeded in raising the amount necessary for the expenses of the con vention. In the discharge of my duties I had the co operation and good will of Governor Orr. As a member of the convention I opposed the passage of the law authorizing the State to issue bonds. 1 took the ground that the Stale indebtedness and the cur rent expenses could be provided for by taxation, and that any further issue of bonds was unnecessary. A s in previous years the State expenses had not exceeded 0-100,000. 1 did not believe that more than ?600,000 would be needed to cover them The surplus amount paid into the treasury as collected taxes would be enough to meet the payment of interest on the State debts, consolidated aud fionting, and settle iu the course of a few years all outstanding claims not represented already by State bonds. The act was incorporated in the Con sliiution, however, in spite of my opp osition. At the first election under the new Constitution I was put in nomination for State treasurer and was elected. This nomination grew wholly out of the success which I had achieved in raising the expenses of the conven tion. I went into office iu July, 1868. Scott was Governor, Chamberlain was attorney-general, Cardozo, as secre tary of Slate, Frank Moses was adju tant-general and Ncagle was comp troller-general. The constitution of the Legislature was entirely Republi can, I think without an exception. Tljc Demom-ats refused to take part in the election. Naturally both Sen ate and House were composed very largely of colored members. Frank Moses was ,thc speaker of the House, and undoubtedly the most influential member of it during his four years' term of office, ONLY FORTY TWO DOI.LAItS IN THE STATE 'J REA8URY. When I took- charge of the State treasury there was only forty two dol lars in it. By the comptroller general's report for 1867 the bonded and stock debt was nearly ?6,000,000, and there was considerable inlet est outstanding I as well as oilier unadjusted debts amounting approximately to 8-$,000, (100. The tax of the fitst your was 8* mills upon (heassessed valuation of the property in the State. This tax was expected to yield ?1,200,000 or ?1,800,000. The fiscal year of the State closed on October 31st, 18G8. We went into office in July, and a special session of tho Legislature was called immediately. Instead'.of im posing a tax to cover the expenses of the current year as well as the year ended October 31,1869, we only im posed one tax, as wc had then an honest intention to relieve the people of the State of all but necessary bur- . dens. So we made a tax for one. year only, intending to provide for out standing claims by the issue of bonds. Of this tax imposed wc collected about three-fourths, and the balance was left outstanding. No extraordi nary measures were resorted to en force its collection, and 1 think that j ulgment was never obtained against the delinquents in the courts. ; L'lIAMllERLAIN's PECULIAR BILLS. Under the Provisional Government a law had been passed authorizing the funding of all outstanding debts, interest and principal, up to July 1, 1867 The Legislature, in July, 1868, passed a bill to pay all interest duo from July 1, 1*G7, in gold. This bill was engineered by the State financial agent, H. II. Kinipton, He was a friend and classmate of Chamber lain's, and was introduced by him to me as the proper man to bethefiuan cial agent of the State. Ho was ap pointed by the financial board ? Scott, Chamberlain and myself. The bill was regarded by us as Kimpton's measure, and he represented that it would rise the value of the bonds ma terially, and enhance the credit of the State. In this view he was supported ^^g;.:-^Mi-.' -~ ----^r1 that I never knew a financial act to ! pass the Legislature which was not proposed as a bill by Iiimpton aud sanctioned by Chamberlain. LIts bills were always passed as presented. In regard to this particular bill, it should be added that the interest demanded was paid in gold uutil the winter of j 18G9-70, when tho law was changed, so that thereafter the interest was payable in currency. Kimpton was himself obliged to obtain the change of tho act, as it was seen to be impos sible to meet the demauds upon the treasury for gold. In the course of 18G8 and 1869 the Legislature passed acts to provide for the redemption, at par, of all floating debts outstanding. All those financial measures authorizing the issue of bonds were susceptible of two inter pretations. The wording of one act will sufficiently illustrate this point: "The Governor is hereby authorized and directed to borrow ?1,000,000 upon bonds of the State of South Carolina, said bonds to bo signed by the Governor and treasurer, and seal ed by the secretary of State, to be payable in South Carolina and at the New York financial agency." The dcbatablo point is whether bonds re presenting 81,000,000 were to be put on the market, or whether Sl.000,000 was to be obtained by the sale of bonds at any price. This point I will take up presently. In round numbers the financial board was au thorized to raise $3,200,000 in the year 1808-09 by tho issue of bonds of j the State of South Carolina; $1,000,- | 000 for the payment of interest on the public debt at G per cent., 81,000,000 for the relief of the treasury at 7 per cent., 8500,000 for the redemption of Governor Orr'e currency, and 8700, 000 for the purchase of lands under the land commission. One million two hundred thousand dollars was called for in addition to provide for tho redemption of the bills of the State bank. These bills have not yet been redeemed, but are floating about in considerable quantities, though I do not believe any one knows how many arc in existence. In this session also the famous Con version act was passed. This act au thorized the issue of bonds to take up all outstanding bonded apd stock iu fvuH declared to and cpnsolida-'t securities. All debtedncss of every kin^H, and author ized, furthermore, all-holders of stock or any kind of govern mcut securities to convert them intp -.these bonds. The object of this act bo to give uniformity! lion to all classes of these acts, I repeat, w< re presented by the financial agent,! Kimpton, and urged upon the financial board by him as a necessity. They wero never prepared by Scott ov myself, but al ways by Cham her jam and Kimpton. Chamberlain used to say to me that,| Kimpton declared these measures to be ncccssaiy, and be supposed that they were so. Underlie act author izing the Governor to borrow $1,000; 000 to pay the iutere/?Tupon the pub lic debts, $2,OOC,000 of bonds were issued. Five bundled thousand dol lars of these bonds were returned and bonded in preseneenof the. financial board and others, $250,000 were ex changed by tho financial agent,tor conversion bonds, and $1,250,000 re mained out. The $500,000 bonds that were returned had passed through the hands of the financial agent. While in his possession coupons might have been taken ofij cj*'they might have been applied for the payment of the interest, and so |ot info the hands of tho public. In :his last way, they might have been presented to the State treasury honestly for funding. I was sued upon a civil process for $450,000 in 1874, the allegation being that I had funded that amount illegal ly in the treasury. ^A, judgment was rendered against jno for $70^000; but this, you 'will bear in was the' judgment on a teacbni'cal wrong in^n civil suit. As soon^a.tho conversion act was passed,..e veryTarge number of these bonds weyej"pvinfe.d. Of these bonds $l,200,000f wftro ||3ucd strictly in accordane^^llflfe^^ffl^^^^^?f ? ?xijj,: .^_i.^.jrall Jkjlt.JjMitJJM 'MW i v, put on the market in an arbitrary manner. For all that, the money ob tabled by che State on these bonds by Frank Moses was issued by me, as. treasurer, iu accordance with law. ENOKMOU& ISSUES OF BONDS. Now the $3,200,000 which the J Legislature authorized the Govornor Lo raise by tho sale of bonds had to be obtained at a sacrifice. The bonds of tho State would not sell at anything like par. In fact, when first issued, wo were obliged to dispose of thorn for twenty cents on a dollar. When the acts passed the Legislature, I under stood, and I think it was generally understood by all members of the Legislature except those let iuto the secret, that $3,200,000 iu bonds at par was the total sum authorized by the acts. When the acts wero passed, however, Chamberlain and Kimpton pointed out what was the literal in terpretation of tho acts. They con tended that bonds could be sold at any sacrifice to obtain the sum in cash of $3,200,000. Relying on Chamberlain as the legal advisor of the board, Scott and I consented to the issue of the amount of bonds ne cessary to raise tho authorized sum. 11 o found, however,that the ordinary I ends of tho State wero not taken readily when put on tho market. Hankers require the best security pos sible, before they will invest their money iu the purchase of bonds, that the bonds are legally issued. This point was involved in some doubt, and when they discovered that there were more than a million of bonds issued under the act to provido for the pay ment of the public debt, they refused to deal these bonds, or rather to take them iu any way. In this exigency I recourse was had to the aot authoriz ing the issue of conversion bonds. The act provides that these bonds shall bo issued for the redemption of other State securities, but it was contended by Chamberlain find Kimpton, that these bonds could also bo issued di rectly, that is they could be put on the market and sold like ordinary bonds, nnd the proceods devoted to the redemption of outstanding claims and to meet other Slate expense?, Scott and \ wero prevailed upon by Chamberlain and Kimpton to coun teuauce this issue of bouds, "Wheu, therefore, these conversion bonds were put directly on the market they wore sold quite readily, for brokers had u o means o? . knowing how many were issued, oTrxouid be issued, in ono year. So they^ecured .these bonds as col lateral security, and purchased them in preference to tho ethers. Perhaps thi? was not exactly fair, butwe went, on the priclple that outsiders'were boundjto look out for tneraselves^. 1'lie object '? of. the financial board in this wns to seouro money at.the least cost to the State/?nd there \yas no^ inten tion to dofratld the State thereby. DEBT INCREASED 8"10,000,000 IN FOUR YEARS. During the four years, in which we were iu office the bonded debt was in creased about S1?,0??,Q00;. All out standing claims were provided for and Wip.ed out, so that at the end of tho four years the only outstabding debt was for the current expeniei of tho State during 1872. This, board liVs been censured for causing these a<jts >to ho passed. \ Who., drew up a?il presented the acta ?- ?hainborlaln drew -up every one of them, arid Kimpton presented them. . The pro position for the issue of conversion bonds directly was made by Chamber lain. I looked upou this issue as a necessity. I look upon it now as I did then. My first opposition to the issue of bonds in the Constitutional i 'Convention was due to tho belief that the State expenses could be provided1 for without this issue, by taxation. Wheu I found, however, that 'the State expenses were extravagant, and demands wcro made upon the treas-, ury by law for money, I acquiesced in the measures proposed by Ghat?ber laiu anil Kimpton. . THANKS OP EX 0p.yXRXOR MOSE^u a [, Thore" w..s a legible irtbYeusq.'o f, of the Legislature. Frank Moses was in the chair, and I am told by trust worthy persons that be has acknow ledged to having signed away ??00,- j UOU dishonestly, though I am sure that it was a much larger sum. I believe that three or four millions of dollars j were spent in excess of the necessary expenses for the meetings of the Legislatures during these four years. Both Senate and House wore respon sible for this. The first president of the Senate was a pretty good mm, Boozer. They soon got him out, how ever. Ho was elected a ju Ige and went out during the first session. Hausier, a colored man, took his place. He was equal to the occasion . Corbiu was president pro tein, of tho Senate when Boozer, the Lieutenant Governor, was absen1.. lie paid Cor bin a good deal of money. Still he held a large number of offices and received large salaries and regular perquisites therefrom. 1 know noth ing, therefore, to inculpate him. I had no doubt that a number of charges brought against tho treasury were impr perly passed by tho L'gis laturo. In particular thore wer j a number of live thousand dollar claims presi ntod which I thought were out rageous, certificates issued by those who purchased senators and repre sentatives. The certificates were pro perly authorized, however, and I had to pay them. Stipp?se I had refused to honor them, what would have boon the result? Why I should have been kicked out- for not doing my duty as treastuer. Thcro was too much influ ence brought to bear against me. If I had stood out alone it would not have made any difference. Why, 1 have been to Frank Moses, WITH TEA US IN MY E Y ICS, and said to him : "You will have no money at all in the treasury if you go on in this way." Frank Moses would only look up t\m\ laugh. "Talk about these Republican Reformers," he would pay, "you never heard me say anything about re form.1* No, said 1, I never did, I went outofofllco on October 31, 1872. Scott wont out at thesamo time, and Moses came in as Governor. Samuel Molton succeed Chamberlain as attorney general, but wheu Cham berlain weut uut of office he bucauio MoltoriV law partner, and bo got right behind tbe'tbrphe again. One of the '. first ? actfl^cjj^ the' Legislature after v Frank- Mosqs became Governor.was an,act directing the at torney general of the State to prosecute tho latpsink fing fund commissioners of th o Stato for corruption. These commissioners ?,werevScott, Neaglo, Chamberlain, the chairman of the financo committee of . the Sonatarand the chairman of the ways and moans committee of the House. Did Melton do it now ?. What did lie do? Waited until April 1874, and then commenced a prosecution against me. The complaint was made by Daniel H. Chamberlain, then Governor and eSom^io; president of j the sinking fund commission. The attorney general brought a suit for the recovery < of;?25,000yalleged to have been fraudulently misapplied. I was arrested and held to bail, ^.night or two before my arrest Chamberlain had been talking' to me a3 pleasantly" a? ever in the theatre, where Anna Dickiuson was lecturiug. We had a loving parting, but he sneaked off and caused mo to be arrested on the next' day, or within a.few days at^any rate. When I succeeded, however, in pres3 ingthe thing to a suit it was. wl_pross*} ed by the attorney general. On who3e shoulders does the blame for the bor rowing of tho,$25,000 lie ? The sink ing fund commissioners ought to have been prosecuted for thei}: part in the matter as well as for other crimes which they committed. Tho treasury needed the money,' aud it was none of my business who lent the amount. It . . was not my funeral at all. I consulted ? ? with Chamberlain, asking him if it steps any crime on "ray part to borrow Jlhis m ouey.- "Ho," he said, "it is uo l?|ime of yours." Chamberlain will ply now that be was iu a micdrity on the sinkiug fund commission^nd that -'rt~' ^??'"?i-:'^'^'-J^^-*bp*nVon0w'-to tha treasury without his consent. At any rate the sinking fund commissioners are responsible iu this matter and not myself, the treasurer. Tin: nun: ridge railroad swindle. In regard to the Blue Ridge Rail road swindle, by which the State was said to have been defrauded out of 81,800,000, I can say at least that I had nothing to do with the road, ex cept when called upon, in my capacity as Stato treasurer, to pay over to the officers of the road.the scrip voted by the Legislature When Harrison was President of the road, $4,000,000 was voted by the Legislature, in State scrip, to defray the expenses of its con struction. Harrison applied to Scott, who was then Governor, for money, and Scott requested Kimpton furnish $200,000 to Harrison for the road iu return for $000,000 of,the bonded stock of the road owned by the State. Kimpton, I believe, still hasthat $000,000 of stock. Cameron succeed ed Harrison as president of the road, and Patterson succeeded Cameron. So Patterson came to have control of the four millions of stock, less the $(500,000 which Kimpton had gobbled? It is this $.3,000,000 that ho has got now to iiccouut for. I know that ho borrowed $325,000 from a gentleman in this city, Mr. 10. B. Wesley, giving $700,000 of tho Blue Ridge Road stock as security. I cannot toll what disposition ho made of any portion except of this amount. I never owned a dollar's worth of stock iu tho' road myself. Scott owned stock iu it and holds it to-day. As to the letter of I 'at tcrson to me as Stat^ treasurer, published a few days ago, authorizing me to deliver to H. H. Kimpton re venue land scrip amounting to $114, 250, I am ready to admit that it is genuine, If you ask mo whether I paid this order, I answer that I paid every order for this scrip made upon the treasury by Senator Patterson as president, of tho road. .1 did notseo that I had any authority to withhold the scrip, so long as it was drawn in accordance with legal provisions. If Uic scrip was afterwards misapplied, I had nothing to do with this subse quent handliug of it. . Ar financial agent of the Stato, Kimpton had in bis possession all [continued on beconed tage.]