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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, January 20, 1847, Image 1

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P '~i &I~ 1~ Nia P 1
S 'oliA 1 hitFty*CenW' &d ine,'Ihr o
Dollars,titlhieux titln .olisix monthi,,on Thrin to
Dolare an:t utts end,oritleypar.. th L
. iies .sertd '/5, cents. per square, cu
each'simbi4 z~d's'ot6n." Thd:nnumber of Inser
tiend' be liesarked; en'all Advertisciontsg orathhy
will koia bhd 9 jl orldoredto. beidisconAinu
i o ldi r M e.. or tsiglo intAWilIabo
Cargei lhe:snia isra single insertiodl aij Bemlot av
mont, ly l nesas . onca.- - re
1olifi Gltations j tlte law. art Nthree be
dollars argi ,
'All OhltiikVYNotices -exaeddingsii ins, anx d b
Cobu iiattion.recommfen'ding Candidites for, pub. it
li Pffteil o9f~rofi. artrut- or pufig Exhib Ione, tri
will be charged as adcrtaepents.
*11$coun&s r Adtbrtiug ln l be prscnedit
pay Gntqdiiteil ,,f. .6 ,.
All letters by mail must.be post paid:to insure a, it
Pungtonl 'z~tnion. SC
From the American Agriculturist. E
L AN St'it
* .. LANDS.
. An opinin has prevailed, liat, when er
Ientis are worn- out by .culture, .without ju
rnenuring, they become worthless, and p
ean1otqbe restorcd..yLhercwith furnish an tr
example. o( he, fallacy of that opinion. m
Vjour years .agol 'purchased a farm of us
little, more than forty acres, near the north w
edifico of Union College, and about a mile g,
ana quarter from my dwelling in town. 01
It had- been called the Penn yroyal farm ki
by .way of ridicule. This farm was chiet, q
ly occupied with thorn bnshes, briers, and la
other, worthless shrubbery. It had been a,
cultivated by the former owner so long as pj
it would produce buckwheat, or anything, -
WiLhopt any manure.
!A 'small.patch enclosed with the garden,
wasain.ry., aiid had 'been sown with fox. -
tail (commonly called-timothy), and I sow
ed foptail: again on .the rye; the next sca
son;gris., When the hay was in cock,
my.(arnie.asked:hi man to take thme hay
a a. rewarid forinuwing it, which lie reluct.
antly accepted, ho other parts of the
fprm were pasturd, . producing -some sour
gras, mess, and bulies. We plowed a
few, acres of the sward, and planited it with
Indiho scorn. A part was manured with
po.udtette, and sonie. vith plaster, asehs,
and manure. Where the poudrette was
a'pplied, it took.the -lead greatly for awhile,
and evenitually all was of equal growth, and
a1good crop. . The following crop was
oats, and good~r. 'We then put on a good
coat 'of barn-yard manure, plowed and
sowed it with winter wheat, the yield of
which wasverf fne, and about thirty bush
elpto;the acre. .Nd -better wheat was seen
ithiAs region.', We:have put on the culti.
vatecd part of the-farm from two to three
In.indred wagon loads of yard and stable
manure annually."
.The arm is high-land, and on incined
ne to the west.; ' The same rising slope
east, with the adjoining part of this farm,
has a stonequorry about two feet below
the.surfade. 'I'he depth of soil increases as
it'deglincs to the west. The rains and
Mreltetl snows'ifloived over the whole sur
face, when I to6k' possession. The soil
is generally of stiffelay. In April, it was
s6 Wet, that fl'ten :valking on the grass,
thle pt'er would wet 'over the 'shoes. I
openod h ditch alon he east bounds, which
conducted the surrnee water to tile road.
I then matle a number of ditches, of three
and a italf to 'four fe~et deep, and covered
them, bfter laying a dr'a-in of stone large
enoug ' fur a~ cat to pass through. The
eshles. we're laidl with stone and a stone
@dve then 'atraw,..or :turf,.-thie 'grass-side
doivn,. berou d overing ~ili 'earth. The
ditches yieIdl a reuhir anil clear -stream
tilf June 'or".uly. TIhe lauid becomes suf
ficientiydry for the plow and meadow, and
produces bountifnsiy.
A meadoi' in a detached piece towaurds
ille' 44 *1 ditched in' a similar manner,
and it yieldedI a pure stroani tiHl midsumer.
Theoformer owvner came to-see it mowved,
-anyl said' tht ue never before, saw the ti
mo-thy ca'rc~l ouY, nor of ..half so large a'
growth. Trhis'was the effect of draining
ony,I .hadl nnA inanured the meadow.
'Ahlis" deaden had not been plowed before.
My crofs' livbeen i good s ah those of
of Out' best 'ferthiere. 'I'have set some hun.
dreds'of piu'nlifer, peachf, quince, and ap-.
pieorbes, oh tlhe farm and grafted the old
orchard, inteniding tormake it a fruit farmi.
Ari opiniona bas 4ilso prevailed, that' the
old an't 'best pdars have run out, as tihe say.
lag is, and have' become worthless. This
is also an error. If the old trees which
produce poor frumit, are well manuredl, they
will be restornd .to their former value, and
yibld g~ood frulit, lar'gc and fine. I'ry'it, as I
bdVe mlone with mf pennyroyal farm. It is
a comman opinion, that after setting trees
thoivork is finished. . TPrees profit by ma
nulre,"as 'othe'r vege tables do. Feed 'boun
tifully, and'yon may 'rea p bbdtiifully. Ev.
erything posasing life, wlidther' animal,
bird, or vegetable; whether living on land,
in thie air, or in iho~ water, must eat, drink, *
anid breathe? to sustai life. An oyster, or ir
clam, requitos Very litle air; deprive them w
tables musqvhet41, .af
r.those.of tile water--- Yar. -Agriul ural
pera !;-no t'chiiii db~o.the syse
all'revardedi beyoud dtheli'dos, Ufe'
g;. them- regulailfe.d gathered quin evs
day, in .my ;gardeitin towni 1;atid found
e largest to metaure 12 3-4nihes in-clr
m*rnc e,-anad .weighed- 15 1-2 ouned
* - - VID. ToaNL1KNsok
Sehcneotadyd, October 22d, 184
AlIy*hi keep dompetic nimals, are
mara f the necessity of sup1ying them
gula-rly with salt. Variotus 'i:atenetrave
en trietd- effect this desirableobjeit;
t so 'lorig as the ordinary -kiwid 'dre usel',
cannot be'done -without eozisderabkeedi
x trouble, attended .1vith more or less'
sate. W have~riei alI sorts o r - s
our fairm-th. mandr, h
der and welint cover, together wit i
me few pate irentions, and Yet i-e
uld never contrive to place this necessary
ndinent where if,could atraiuj-times be
cessible to stock, till we procured .the
riglish rock or-,iisitleral salt.
This'salt isis hard asalum. A lump of
may be placcd in the field, wldre-it vill
).for years exposedto all sorts o wenth.
, vith-. but little waste. It is therefore
st th1e thaing for horsi, cattle, and sheep.
lace a lumnp in.he rack or manger, iti a
nughior in a field, and there. it will re
ain till it is gradually licked .away. 1y
;ing this kind-of salt, the stock will al
ays take it as they desire; nor can they
!t it in excess, or stiffer injury from it as
tenl the case with the use of most other
nds. We have recently had a small
tantity of this article sent us from Eng
nd, and in answer to numerous inquiries.
ld, thait we can supply it at one dollar
!r 100 lbs.-Ancrican Agriculturist.
Young genats, if you don't wish to be,
For remnant of your years,
The thing that Franklin used to cail
- A'-half a pair of shears;"
Pray lot me whisper in your 'car
A word of good advice
Don't think to find rnrFECrTION hero.
And be iot ovyn NicE.
Take warning by my cousin Jack,
'Nor in his footsteps tra;
Oh, how I've teased and tallcd to him,
And tried to maake him wed;
But he is 60 -ARTICULAn,,
So sur of all the fair,
Ulc'll he a bluo old bachelor
In spite of all my care.
One is in height a mnuntain oak:
A second like a tubu;
A third has got a nanmoth foot:
Another's nose is snai.
One cannot brew, or bake, or sweep,
A nother cannot play;
Another's al ways in the sud,
Another quite too gay.
Miss A good dough-nuts cannot make;
Miss a3 issaid to paint,
Miss C is wilder than th owinds,
Miss D too miuen a saint;
Mis E is careless in her dress,
Miss F is too precise,
Miss G is p:one to take Scotch snuff,
Miss H is fond of dice.
Miss I is silent as a doll,
Miss J a perfect farrot,
Miss K~ has flaxen colored kecks,
Miss ILs are like a carrot.
Miss M is always looking grmn,
Miss N forever giggling,
Miss 0 is staffur than a stake,
Miss P is- loose and wriggling.
M iss Q. is cold as wintry icc,
Miss RL too fond of fawning,
Miss S has got defective teeth,
Miss TI was caught a yawning,
Miss U for eyes has got an owl's
Miss V a pair that squint,
Miss W's temper's soft as war,
Miss X's as steel and flint.
Miss Y is past a certain age,
Mass Z a thoughtless miss,
And so wyith all some falt ho finds,
Nor fancies that or this.
Hie's managed so with all the girls,
That thaey are all provoked:
And sure I am that no'er he'll be'
With any maiden yoked,
So gents, I prithee take good heed
Avoid Jack's grievous errors,
And soon you'll fimd that pretty girls
Are Ilad go more in terrors.
A nd wihen you meet a sparkling eye,
With soul and fechrng lighjted,
Remember that it speaks a huat
Which may not nwell be slightcd.
A ball, .30 inches in circumference, corn
asedI principally of hair, was recently tak
i from the stomach of a fine cow, belong
ig to Rt. T. Blanchan-d, Esq., of Maysrilhte,
hich died a fcw dnra; since
~'" P 4
;di4 f Vl T"M4W4
' aO o :egn gave him a ra
L& tiiie' cq9 of. unterafice. dsig
e moden i je h reed h:ia
elguteribl' eide 'of h sjkuidjp
ignohy. in his childhood he receive' .an
njury on his headdrf'rrii assca1ds.whice
e~~ r i ,o
ie, i ir, Ofi
is head his hair w he most luxurint
njth. 6n his iinsichhWy Vy
.arieilto coneeeb hrorn bhg-hishair~ov
~rthenak'ed place aind fastening it Witi a
ady'seimb~a '
B~t it must not he' inferred- that H
mas feminine in dispouitiine fa -re mr.
y,- generous-hearted, good natored'fellojiv
iever lived. -[e va alwayw full 'or'fun,
nort alwaysready -o enter 1 its joke
lhst was tnisg,
hp aundlady at one -of our usual stop
ang places on the C srcui, was a very r.
:isd; formal widoi, considerably past- te
Y.ri of life, who valoied herself very,
inuh for her' strict propriety of deport
-enit and .the respectability of her house.
ro do Mrs-L--. justice, it must be ad.
flitted that her-house was the most ordci,
y, and the nettest in its arrangements of
Any in the circuit.. - - -
But some of us thought tliat'her extreme
icety of demeanor bordered rather on
)rudery; and the great pains she alwoays
took to providlefor the comfort of the Judge,
vho was a formal old bachelor, manifes.
ted a preference not altogether to the taste
f someof the-younger members of the bar,
who thought themselves equally as well
'ntitled as the Judge to the kind consblera-.
tion of the landlady. Some of them, there
rare, determined to indltge thheselves in
Sjoke, at the first convenient opporttity,
at the expense of the Judge and our hos
The appearance of at-- on our circuit
suggested a convnuient opportunity. for
playing of the lang contemiplnted, prank.
As- H--neCVer had been 'victimized' on
our circuit, 1n0 scruples were enttertained
oh his accout.
Voe had been riding during the greater
part of a cold utcomfortable day, over an
extensive praric, exposed to .a sharp cut
tiog wind, whena we approached within a
few miles of the house of Mrs. C----,
whomi we intended honoring with our
compainy for that night.
F-- and B-- suggested that it would
be better to ride ahead and give Mrs. L
timely warning of our apiproach, in order
that she might have ample time to prepare
the supper and make the necessary prepa
rations for slowing us away for the night.
TLwhis was at once acceded to by all, atd
F--, B-- ad myself olered ourselves
as the *advanced guard.' .
Mounted online hoises, and going at a
rapid place we s eon arrived at the house.
O r landlady received us in her usual
stuff, formal manner, and soon commenced
making enquiries about tme Judgtof whose
health and speedy arrival we gavesatisfac
tory assuirances.
We found as usual, that the best bed in
the house, and the best stall in the stable,
were reservedl for the comfort of the Judge
and his hoorse.
'Mrs. Lo An,' observed F--in a
very serious manner, 'how long have vou
have been acquainted with Jutdge Tho-s'
'Ever since lie has been in this circuit,
replied our hostess.
'Mrs. L-.--,' continued F---, '1
have known you for for several years, and
have always entertained a high respect for
you, and I deem it my duty to apprise you
of a circumstanee that may deeply affect
your character, and the standing of your
'My eracter and the standing of my
house? why, wuhat tdo you menn, M r. F----?
Who has dlared tosy anything against my
character, or the standing of my house?'
'No one that I kno of,'answered F--,
'vut I want to pu you on your guard. Mrs,
L I have my doubts hether Judge
'Ee - is the man yon take him to be.
T1o come to the point,-he is now travelling
the circuit mn company wvith a young wo
man, dressed in mnan's clothes, whom lieis
passing ofl for a young lawyer. He calls
her Mr. H--, and they will be here in a
few moments.'
'Is it possible! can it be, Mr. F --,
what Judge T--gtiilty of such con
duct! .Why, I have always regarded him
as one of the most correct mcen I ever
kneow. It cannot, be, Mr. F-.-.,
'You will- soon see,. Madame to your
satisfacion- I could not believe it myself
wvhen I first heard cof-the affair.'
'Mr.F.,' remarked the widow 'with great
earnestness -of manner, 'WVill Judge TI
-have the presumption to entter my
house with such compantyl
'Doubtless lhe will, Madame,' answeredl
F- 'for they. have been travellir.g to
gether for the past three weceks. But a
short time ago I heard him remark to this
young wvomfan that lie: wvould take great
pleasur e in introdtucing htem to you.'
'lle weill-will hie. .I will let'him know,'
C x chu med the n idown ....,h ..l....u .ndi_
*isul.i~ne stoi myoue ~ ~ k
oeeenad4anolfed n dio
In. am dlt 1ribaerd thh~
wioW muhad rdialiy of 4'Angik tr
sV.6pry glad soyne dIn
Flowave ypuabeenrstl lsdat
to tntroducoto you my yding trer i
A-iwlintendint Wp eic slrn
oa. -ijt.tO RC111."
J 4lady rw,.9hersel OW rid
esgli0, and whtge'.ounten~e pr.Jl
Lhe utmost I iggipig, rplI4
rrpm wh'om I should Ijave ehbct is. d
tretmnt.-fou might at leastlaveeprrd
no thits insult-in ,my-own lhoude . g
'I insulti, Mrs. L-t''in' the Judge
w ith the -grepttet astonishmgntf,'o l Is
L. meaning of all?, I at-Antirejy POn
onscious -of..,ipg <eo ariythingwolin
Dd y ou not rega4u h as an inuit, oead-s
Lird to her such a worthless cre
ture sthat?' poipting to H--- , n otth.
country.4oy certainly must have
NRosiact'ble intliedt interruptaedou
landlady, in a scornful and Indignant maino
nier. A wvorthleils buisy dressed in .,mnu's
lothe. And you, u'ie' T to. be
iravelling in lcomp-' y * i'such'ari
I never w su.l ha-'believed ithadl l not
beheld it witvilie 'cvn ies*
IMy diear Madaie,'said R--:. .p g
forward, 'you are nistaki:Vs6 me one
must have been ~imoiA I. you.'
*'Don't "der Madame ni -
faced trollop,' exclaimed. the old ldl
'How dare you come intomylhousei Out
of my house isis. monment--you impdn
jade.' lpiei
'Surely, Mrs.L-.--.,'said the Judge,
endeavoritng to atop this11 inrent.of abuse;
there is a strange mistake adiut. a is
n assure you that you are entiroly mnislken
in your surmise. 'This young -gentlem.qp
is well. known to all the rnemberof- thbc
bara, Mlr. F- you are wmefl fciuaiidel
with Mr.' H ---. Where is MJr.F,-.---l'
The Judge looked around bit all' han
dlisappeared save the actors l uti di
crous scene.
As Sdon as we saw that nitters weri
coming to a crisis, we 'lleft thie room, an
going rounid the housie placed ourselves fr
a position where .we could hear all tha
was going on within without any
of b~eing discovered.
In the mean time, Mrs.' L- insise1
that the Judge and H---should leave the
Not being able to fnd any one to ni
them in their extremity, and despairing
convincing her of the mistake sle was la
boring under, they mounted their horse
and rode on to ihe next house.
As soon as they had departed we ret'rn
ed to the house, and complimerted the hli
lady on the rcsoluion and spirit she hat
manifested on this tryinig occasion., .
As. she now had successfully reelle.
this assault upon her dignity sid the ehar
arte'r of her house, by drivin~g out thue inia
ders, she SOon became reorted to her usut
al equanimity. She rdpealidly declared
during the evening, thit nothng but bi
hawn eye would havo,convinced her, sueh
hdbeen .her esteem for shec. character e
Jude T ' . She declared that unde
the same circ'unisances she would havet
driven fem her house ithe President of th
That night F -lepta a11.in b r
served for the Judge, und regaled himsel
with many little delicacies set apart for thi
especial use ofhenr honor.
In truth, we who remained vwere treate
with unusual :sttention. The Judge, wivb
soon unraveled the mystery, was for a shor
time very indignans; but being very sensi
tire to ridicule, lie promised forgivenes
upon condition that we wouh) net tiel,th
. ftory on thee ircuit.
to ke however, said it was too goo
to keepalthough ho ias the principal qul
Our hostess was for a long taimqunaj
peasable, but eventu was reopiled.t
us through the pediatiot o a . st
silk dresd
From the N. 0. Cdmmereial meu. 4.
Arrival of the steaners' VirOle. d aln
Edith from Brargos, the former th
27th, the latterdthe-20th t.-A dvance
of Santa Anna' on Saltillo-Hurried
march of. Generals t ylors. Wool, an
Patterson, to reinforce General:Wortlh
Probability .of 'a great battle E acing
been fought at or.nca i'Salillo,4.ca tel
By the arrival here on Fridag evenutg
last, :or the steamtr:.AVirginifCaptah
Smith,-: from. Tam pico via Brazes, wvhich
la tter 'port she left on the 27th ult.,- and or
Saturday night the steam propellor~dith,
left the same,.on the 29th, wre have been
put in possession of a varIety- of, informat
tion, regarding the position -af affairs-at the
distant-'points (ofthe enemy's country oc
cuipied by our troops. -Itappears that San
ta Anna has at length thrown off that slug..
gish inaction. whlich,: for :the .preceding
three months. had kept him behimd the fr
rrr it 4 b -"
aa r:aul
r 9
A. 4.1.
P4 ~ or iri llftiq
9.ong resi aI
rerui;that disafeLCtsoi ncsg*~l n t -k.
*ho'.watorgptzin g. leiotip)leauind
medt,tates giaiIflideengshimnwelrthal -
the intelligence of li: pii, Uflni
plete-ucces, wank. ile.Mide kl'
gether.. .Hee he has ben disaie
for,a sutbchnt-intery.al of time, rus
liasoecurreil between~then period ' b~
netysafihisiadv.ance, reselvd;Sal an Y
thatibf his. arrival therete have able
Generp'Tfylor to donceinraWstcjia lorebi
at that iointzas to frgrtgN eia
thirign 'We3 have im piiciteqoifisiop'en~,
the vigilanbe of General, Wprth; A';crte1 -
a sur priset and a ceiiflict betwveejI &ihos
tIle-forces cano ply lend t4'hriidg biriggit
anissue. .
obacr R u~tion'cBE?'Ts4....-Gen1.i
Butler hadtsailed forth46ron Rl'nter, t
thieiedd of allthis troosindhasteisto the
relieI:of:Gen. Worth, at Salfillo. i
the-sarrie objeet iin view. Gen Lauiif*
Camargo n the %ith, and ien. ' g lthaftd;
on the 21sgilitwithitlhfentire gftre,&
excepting a small cornniuiditimlkr apta
Hunter. aldwSwartitut; drnhed)sdffielet&
(or. its protecioi It wtatedowee
that Comargo vas nenacll' b the Mia e
cans with an imniediae.atthck.
proximity ofithb hostile eforces, it was con- '
fidently believed at Brazr,"ind itsems to
us highly probable, thal sometin 'likev,
decisive action haanken -place' betwenl.
the Mexican antl 'Aseican armiis, at or"
near Saltillo. Ge:ieral raylor, in all like;
lihood. succaeded inr-aching. the lter
place, in. t-ime to 'bring imidrtanrt vrliefr? ... .
and as Gen. Wool's divisiou, bi Idit acPI
counts was at Parras, 115 miles distant,:
north and -west, fromSaltillo janction
must have been-effected between him andt'
Worth, before Santa Anna apbeared befoa
thewalls. . Worth?. comiandeii6ufiW
to 2000 nienand upwar"Wdol'0 to fa iuar.
ly3000; andi' evoapiwith no other ineij t*i
oppose Santa Anna and s h 2a0 ,r25,000
men, larrassed by a long, and obbiy' -
forced march, :a sjuflicinutch'ckkonti1d be',
given them; aided. by the' defenices 'ohb
towno.-affcord ine 1br- Gen 'Tiyl'd t,
come up. His arrival would-hidrlal'othsI
succor coming from Mainores imargd
Monterey, &c., &c; and 'if the-conflien"
should be !protra'ced '4a 'few tlvys% t
'would probably be a fltd %Valit- -hic*
would. be decisive Of 'the war O'n 'thi
whole, we look 'at the iews ds pregnan
with *nterest;-not without a slight -ash '
the whole Mexican'- army :20,Q00-a t ttie'
first glance is tremendotus;;'but confidende'
in the skill of our oflicers and'the 'jirowess- :
of our troops, rises. buoyantiover all: mak
ing us. rather rejoiccia t the: on*ivan 'move
ment of tho Mexican, thantregret' thesueen1t''
ing advantaige which it promised hiim id the"
surprnse of our advanced.g'uard, at-BSalill'o;
which ho contdmplated~ Anythirig Isabet
-ter Loan invading' fprceutha:'hbmi,.,ssIh
ertia-that Fabian dyarda n 1i~r a - -,,,
whichiininvoiding'geat'conflict5 akl'
the troops ink dtgadli
Stainty anchalarn sftaing thMI n'u hc
ohjeefu'hs,4s~ to' uiimate6'is iyde,j'd e
dlouring the contentiof th' adenry,~ an
bringing down'hebg aty
amibition .i:tei petdra
where science o'' tesiseleed g
iing or -address;sid'herium 4tsslige.
T1here were 'a aklddt~ n
d teparturifrom Bi-as dsfrisiitual tothe
latave positioil of'tthe sseratlhvjlohg-9s
our' ariyauild--Santa Anna'tadvrancink
foree Bf: 'omel itdi'si.asese ~hat hb
had sent on a bodily of l7,O0mtongite
coptn. Taylor; by'othera that rliisdi
munieations between-. rhu
betweel, Saltillo-and ~ar~asVe~'fljrei
t ed &c. &c.: "But. dvibea '
er on impiresisions'itomb fteo tiht6
do, as a military man, athjtthw i4iel~
genceg as to whialith eall bqd doneh .-r
idas wiht O20 miles oftSaltilio~ nuI
iarja yv magnidaed in therneht: 6 ,I
mor, iis vt-ry piobable thatiSana Atla.;

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