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VOLUME IL.. 88 ,
THE SuMTER BANNER:
nJJLISI TER TY WEDNBDAY E0BNING, BY
WILLIAM J. FRANCIS.
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sure punctual attendance.
Extract of an Ordinance
Enactea by the Town Council of Sumterrille:
For the information of all whom it may
doncern, the following extract is published,
to-wit: "SEC. S. That no slave whsse owner
resides without the limits of the town of
Sumterville, shall be permitted to work
therein, unless a written permit be first pro
ctired from the Marshal; for which, the sum
of fifty cents, for common laborers, and the
sum of one dollar and *fifty cents for mechan
ics, shall be paid: and that no permit shall
be for a longer time than three uonths: and
if Any slave shall neglect to procure a per
mit, such slave shall be imprisoned by the
Marshal until released by Council; and in
no case set at liberty, .until the expenses of
his or her arrest and imprisontnient have
been first paid.
Published by order of Council,
J. B. N. HAMMET,
Clerk of Council.'
March 13th, 1848. 21 tf
CAUTION TO PLANTERS.
D. C. Newcomb, of Franklin Parish, Li,
writing to the N. 0. Delta, says: A circum
stance occurred at my plantation a few days
ago, which may be of some importance to the
cotton planter. I had a large quantity of cot
ton seed to accumulate at my gin, which I
had removed by haufling it on my corn ground.
When we got in aboutithe centre or the pile
we found .it to be on fire, and had burnt the
seed into a perfect coal, some two yards
square. Had it not been so much smothered
by the quantity of seed on the top, I have no
doubt but it would haye broke out and con
sumed my gin. We often hear of gin-houses
being burnt, during the cotton picking season,
which is always attributed to some incendi
ary. There is no doubt now in my mind that
most of the gins that are burnt from unknown
cause&, proceed from spontaneous combustion
as above stated.
MARRIED AND SINGL'
Mr. Crossby had arrived at that time of
life at which sensible - men, while their
habits assume a strictness, begin to in.
dulge in a laxity of dress, and wear -um.
ple waistcoats and easy boots. His fea
tures and person betokened the man that
knows what to eat, drink, and to avoid;
who lives generously and at the same
time takes care of himself, and who has
been engaged in the cultivation of Epi.
curian philosophy for some 18 or20lears.
In his hale, ruddy countenanc. you
could read soundness and stamina, while
the 'crow's feet' at the angles of his eycs.
intimated to you that he was no chicken.
Mr. Crossby .possessed a competence
and a commission in her Majesty's corps
of Gentlemen Pensioners; he lived in
chambers and died, at a club or coffee
house. Thus far in the way of life had
Mr. Crosby marched on without impedi
mient; that is to say unmarried. But the
period had now arrived at which it oc
curred to him that if he meant to marry
at all, he had better do It. He did it.
Five years afterwards he was seen in
Cork street, Burlington Gardens, survey.
ing wistfully the exterior of the Blue Pots,
in predicament though not in appearance,
resembling the Peri at the Gate of Para
dise. It seemed as though he had been
buried in wedlock, and now like some
unquiet ghost had returned to visit the
scenes of his former life. He had evi
dently exchanged a life of single blessed
nuess for the reverse; and he thus related
the story of his griefs, to an old acquain
lance who accosted him.'
"Take my advice, sir; never marry.
-You will ask how I came to do so? For
the best reason, sir, that a man can have
for committing any act foolish in itself.
There was beauty, sir;.there was temper,
there wasn accomplishments, and some
money. I was not rash, sir; I looked be.
fore'1 leapt-but, sir, J never should have
taken the leap. I did not marry in haste,
although I am repenting at leisure. I
eonsulted with my friends who agreed
that I was doing a good thing. I disoblig
ed none of my relatives, sir, except my
nephew, who was my heir presumtive.
I was not foolishly in love, either. The
case was thih; I was tired of living alone.
I: hele that my laurndreu cheated me.
I aoonvinced they toemy sugar, I
lost several shirts, and the rest usually
came- from the wash without buttons.
My. fire was frequently suffered to go out;
ad when 1returned home wet In the feet,
I had to air my own stockings. Now it
striifLk me that by marriage I ironid avoid
these inconveninces. I had heard nuch
of domestic management, and was indu
ced to suppose that it would provide good
dinners at a trifling expeLse lexpected,
also'that I should find fiy boots better
brushed, and the state of'my wardrobe, in
general better attended tothan ir that of
celebacy. I anticipated a beter ordered
breakfast table than what I had been ac.
customed to. In short, sir, I looked for
an increase of comforts, and if I had not,
sir, I never should have changed my con
"Now, sir, my groceries are not only
embezzled, but that by a monthly nurse,
in addition to the servants, of whom I am
under the necessity of keeping two; and
my expenditure in that article' has in
creased ten-fold. - It is quite a fiction, sir,
that matrimony is advantageous to shirts
-mine are as buttonless as ever. The
fire in my study is neglected for that in
the nurserv, and my slippers are .invaria
bly put out of the way. My wargobe is
left to regulate itself, 1he - servants, being
occupied in dusting carpets and scrubbing
floors; and once a week the house is turn
ed upside down, my papers displaced, and
my walking-stick and umbrella mislaid,
under- the pretence of putting them to
rights. I dine, sir, one day on a leg of
mutton, and for half the week afterwards
on the same dish in various forms. I can
now appreciate the virtue of promptitude
in waiters. I know now what it is to get
a chop cooked on ten minutes' notice
and let me tell you, sir, those are no such
things as chops in wedlo.ek. It is worsn
than useless to row up my servants. In.
stead of exciting their alacrity, it only
elicits excuses from Mrs. Crosby. Then
with respect to my breakfast. My news.
paper is indispensable to the comfort of
that meal. I can never read it in 'quiet;
interrupted every moment, as I am, by
some frivolous question or remark.
"The annoyance- arising from my chil
dren, sir, are most intolerable. They are
continually crying, and a box on the ear
only makes them yell the louder-and
my wife joins in the concert. The best
of children are only less noisy and mis
chievous titan the ordinary run. But all
of them are subject to teething, whooping
cough and measels, which render their
existence a burden to all around them, ex
cept to their mothers and nurses, who I
really believe, like the trouble which they
thus occasion. But their wretched com
plaints are not only troublesome but ex
ponsiive. I am nevor without a dootor in
the house. Whilst I was a single man,
sir, I never knew what medicul attend
ance was. But women and children are
always ailing. Not only are my butch-:
er's, baker's, grocer's, and other bills aug
menting. but their number is. increased,'
by a doctor's bill-with nothing to show.
for it. And when I was married I found
out not for the first time, what rates and
"IBetween ourselves, sir, I don't mind
telling you. I got about two hundred a!
year with Mrs. Crosby. But my addi
tional expenditure so far exceeds that
sum, that I am obliged to deny myself
many enjoyments. I have given up my
daily pint of wine, and I no longer smoke.
Thus, sir, has matrimony not only de
creased my comforts, but has deprived
me of those that I already possessed. In
stead of being able to take my stroll, to
see the sights and learn the news of the
day, I now find myself, resolving myself,
as I go, into a committee of ways and
means. Sir. this worry-this ceaseless
wear and tear of the brain-deprives a
walk of its legimate and constitutional
character. Sir, depend upon it, that it is
misfake to marry for comforts. I find
myself obliged to resign myself and con..
sult those of others. A single man, sir,;
only one to take care of; a married one
has to take care of his wife and family.
I made wvhat every body considered a
prudent match. Sir, there are no such
things as prudent matches. I am as mis
erable, sir, as I could have been if I hadl
married for love. So do you remain single,
if you have a regard for Number One, for
in matrimony you will find that'you have
to care for Number Two."
PRAC-rCAr. ILLUSTRATION.-A lawyer, re
tained in a case of assault and battery, was
cross examining a wvitness jn relation to the
force af a blow struck.
'What kind of a blow was given!,?
'A blow of the common kind.'
'Describe the blow.'
'I am not good at description.'
'Show me what kind of a blow it was.'
The11 lawyer appealed to the Court.
The Court told the witness that if the
counsel insistedupon his showing what kind
of a blow it was, he must do so.
'Do you insist upon itl' asked the wit
'Well, then since you compel me to show
you, it was this kind of a blow t' at the same
time suiting the actioni to the word, and
knocking over the astonished disciple' of
Coke upon Littleton.
'There is no harm,' says the Rev. Mr.
Montgomery, 'in smoking tobacco, except
that it lead. to drinkin .-rink ingto intoxi
cation.-intoxication to bile-bile to indiges
tion-Indigestion to consumption-consump
tion to death-that is all.'
In the words of an aflbetionate wife to the
agonizing partner of her bosom, we beg It:
'Don't stop to talk my dear, but go on with
Yes,"says anoheroh! womoa "hang.
ins too good for 0'
About the yos04ghteen hune- an4
it mIatnt COa*MtI
in the<Sfate of Ia, s most h6d
murder was perpetrated by two negroes,
upon the body. of their MIstress. Of
course public excitement soon rose to the
"54 40" of Oregon thermometer, and the
Allens and Aannega*,were not wanting
in the neighbourhood to "giwe notice,"
of the alarming stories of many years
stpnding, raked up for present use; how
home made dirk knives had been found in
boxes under ground, short swords con
cealed in hollow logs, plots diabdlical and
designs nefarious, entertained by certain
"niggers" upn "Mr. Siteh-a-ones quar.
ter.' which .orne upon the wings of the
wind by the "Breezes," and other would
be popular gabites, would go the rounds,
and like Pats oyster, "the more they were
chawed the larger they got," until the
whole country was worked up into a state
of fearful excitement, on the subject of
'nigger risins;' and no doubt this bold out.
rage and daring murder, was the harbing.
er of a brewing insurrection, and these
two silly fools who perpetrated this deed,
had been made 'cats paios' of, by the
more cautions, and of course more guilty
negroes, and they ought to meet with the
severest penalty of the law, and their ex.
ecution held 'in terrorumn'over their secret
Many a sleepless night was spent In the
immediate vicinity nf the deed, by the
ignorant and more fearful whites, who
never did, nor never would have a 'nigger
about 'em. The nasty stinkin' things,
they aint fit to be about a man's house no
how; they'd just as leaf kill a body as to
look at 'em.' And no doubt they often
wished in their own hearts, that President
Polk would give them notice, that thejoint
occupation of this country was terminated.
'But in course they'll hang them ar
niggers what killed Mrs. Loft won't they?'
enquires one. 'It may give some o' the
rest on 'em afright for awhile, '0 yes,'
says another 'they've been tuefi up by
the constable and karried afore 'Squire
Strong, and I've hearn as how he's ag
wine to Get Gineral Goodman to help him
set on 'em.'
Sure enough the negroes were duly
'set on' by a quorum of justices, and 'in
course' found guilty of murder according
to law, and sentenced .to be hung on the
2d Friday in --
Great indeed was the excitement mani.
fested by all classes, more particularly
the non-slaveholders, between the trial
and day ofexecution, to see these negroes
hung, and the expected 'nigger hangidg'
was much talked about as a circus would
have been, in the days of Pineville memo.
ry. Nothing could be said nor done, but
what the 'nigger hanging,' in some shape
or another, was brought upon the tapis,
and every body was going, and even
seemed to anticipate much pleasure in the
'How ar you to day Bob?'
'I'm well, how is it yourself, I.give
'0, sorter so. so. You gwine to the
nigger ihangin' Bob?'
'0 ye-s, I would'nt miss it for a quarter.'
'Nor I nuther, I'd c'ruther see it than to
see the circus!'
Even the old women seemed delighted
at the idea of having an opportunity, to
see these poor devils suffer.
'Yes I intend to go,' says one, 'I know
I can look at 'ei hang as onconsarned as
I could at an old sheep killn' dog, or a
suck aig son of a hound.' The speaker
growing more angry, the more she talked
about it, until she seemed mad enough to
kill every dog on the plantation, for fear
they might turn outto sucking her eggs.
'Yes,' says another, 'hangms too good
for 'em, they ought to be burnt alive till
they was dead, and then cut up by the
very doctors theirselves, and made ob
jects (subjects) on.'
In due time the eventful Friday arrived
and ere the sun was three hours high, the
calm and quiet atmosphere of a summer
morning in the silent forest, where the
deed was committed, and in which the
gallows was erected, began to be agitated
by the hum of human voices; and' the
neighing of horses, braying of donkies,
lowing of oxen, and the rattling of the
wheels and chains e1f the various vehicles
made the welkin ring. Spectators of all
sizes and colours 'from snowy white to
sooty,' be gan to collect upon the spot
thick and fast from every direction; some
in carriages, some in wag~ons and carts,
but by far the greater portion on natures
Soon Riley Hlinton the constable pnd
chief executioner made his appearance
with the culpriis, guarded by two compa
nies of militia, -armed and ~uippd as the
law directs, and commande by. their re.
spective Captains; the whole division un
der the command of Riley himself, who
was armed 'cap-a pie' with a horsemans
broad sword, two pistols and a dirk, al
thoug h the negroes like Lazarus when he
was brought forth, were bound 'hand and
foot,' andbhauled to the place of execution
on a cart, and every man, woman and
child in ten miles of the place anxious for
Every thing being made ready for the
last act of the drama as quick as possible,
the cart was slowly driven under the gal
lows; and the knots of the ropes, which
were alradyt amoued te nals of te cul
plt9,were properly adjtdnAh
loose end thrown over the b.*w. nf
were the anxious eye an'd llLteningears
turned towa*Idih spot from evj ssible
drection, .fnn abofye pot e: *pted; rp0
notwihstsding, the cbustable hud talep;
the precautidn to fbrn alarge 6 lag rid
the gallows, and placed'his guard upon:Ft,
6A -well to give all an opportunity .to see
to prevevent any attempt at a rescne;
yet so. great was the crowd that It was im
possible for one half to sesmuch -less to,
ear what was going on, and to aid this
defect in the nature of things, the negro
spectators, not considering theniselves in
cluded among the number to be benefit
led by the formation of the ring, made the
trees round about the gallows, seem as a
kindlof staute of Jeophails to them, by
'clitnbing up-in them, some ten, some fif.
teen-and even twenty feet high, that they
too might see, robably hef the last
words of their1fdring fellow seivants; it
having previouslV* neen announc'ed that
the culprits would h " n opportunity or
confessing their guilt tand saying what.
ever ele it might bahoove thern to say, on
such a solemn occasion.
Afler they had made an end of speak.
ing, in which they confessed their guilt,
and concluded with a warning exhorta
tion to their fellow servants, and a prayer
for their own souls &c. the constable de.
scended from the cart, ond a profound and
deathlike silence riow pervaded the whole
assembly. Not a sound was heard save
the commingling din of the distant horses
and mules, stamping at the flies, and the
rattling of their harness. The sound of
the death tap of the peg, which suspended
the victims in the air, broke for a moment
the fearful silence, qq11 was still again.
Even the air itself, = ed unwilling to
disturb the solemn stillness of the scene,
which continued for about two minutes,
during which time the death struggles of
the negroes were the only motions in view.
Suddenly an old man in the crowd,
overcome by the heat, together with the
solemnity and stillness of the scene, fain.
ted, as he sat in his wagon, and fell back.
wards, which frightened the horses, and
unable to run they commenced kicking.
This attracted the attention of those in the
immediate vicinity, who under the' im.
pulse of the moment rushed to, the old
mans assistance; and it so happened that
just at this moment, a sudden gust of wind
shook the leaves above the heads of the
dying negroes, which with the rattling of
the chains on the kicking horses. coming
simultaneously upon the ears of the larger
portion of the crowd who could not see
the cause of the disturbance, created at
first a panic among the negroes, and a
moving among the ivhites, which as quick
as thought pervaded the whole congrega.
tion, from centre to circumference, and
cries of 'mad dog,' 'insurrection,' 'niggers
a risin,' when in fact they were falling
like ripe fruit in a storm, from' the trees
in every direction, served of course, to
Increase the panic, and extend it among
the fearful and unthinking whites; and
the fact that the negroes literally fell, pel
mel out of the trees, where it was presum.
ed they could see what was the matter
from their elevated positions tended to
strengthen the belief that something un.
common and alarming had taken place.
And such a scene of confusion as hereup.
on ensued, can be much better imagined
The negroes and whites seemed sud.
denly charged with positive electricity,
and in strict obedience to the laws of na
ture, in such cases, mutually separated
from each oth6r as fast as their feet could
carry them. The -creams of woman,
crying of' children, and running of meni,
women and children, terrified the horses,
donkies and oxen, and they commenced
kicking and running in every direction,
and as the circuntference of the crowd in
creased by the repulsive movements oi
the whites and blacks, the confusion be
came more dangerous; for the horses wvere
now dashing about in various directions,
and men, women and children, black and
white were rushing to and fro against each
other, to keep out of the way of the ani
'The guard! the guard!' exclaimed some
' Where's the guard?'
But alas, neither constable, magistrate
nor guard, could be seen in their proper
places. Nor has it to this day been satis
factorily ascertained what did become of
the constable and his equippage, whether
he threw down his sword and betook him
self to inglorious flight, or looked calmly
and undismayed upon the scene of confu
sion, until an opportunity offered for him
to collect his scattered guards and guns,
the last of which were lying in abundant
profusion, about where the former ought
to have been, is still enveloped in the mist
of uncertainty. It is, however currentl
reported that he did run, but whether it
was merely for the purpose of heading
his flying guard, or becagse, being a pop
ular man he preferred to act upon the
ppular motto, 'When in Rome do as
Rme does,' and made quite an active use
of his legs, rumor saith not; but it rather
darkly insinuated, that the broad sword
which served as so important an append
age to his person on that eventful day,
has never been nor heard of ainco.
Be this as it may, Riley can lay the
flattering unction to his soul, that he was
not alone in his flight ont that occasion;
for it is a, matter of well establishod thIs
tory, that one of the~ grdn arrived at his
house. about three miles distant. In lesis
put eitle di
which pr vll weeoin ~l
Shonor be it saidnl~wt~o at
alarmed. iaTwo asedic ue~~uwh62
lbrgedte na etn
td wah uni Were dead tha
'em,' were irnk eogh to admit, - h
thoughi thley had seen many dead neoe -
but they never heard dc'negrosi'hake
such a 'guai, noise bir, aad for3E
something might happeui, not ~t'all frlg'
toued however, but being-dalutious yiuhg
men, they threw downdtheir gunsand
concealed themselves behinds tree. where
thie dying negroes could not see them.
Another medical student, who hadgone
all the way, from the 'eillage'. 15.. miles,
not to see the negroes hung, but that ho
might 'pro liono scientio,' and hiis op in..
formation in cutting up the, bodies o&f the
culprits in his flight fro the .scene, was
seized round the .waist by a lady, who
begged him to take care of her, but in the
honest simplicity of his nature, he ex.
claimed, 'y d-dmadam-, every man
for himelfand womn~. oo.
.It is also said of a youth!Ndi,~rnutve
size, who had gone from an adjojilgDis.
trict some 80 miles, that hehdencn
ced himself behind a tree, where awomnan
of herculean astrength seized him~ by the
arm and told him that was her, tiee, and
givig him a sling threw him some ten
feet into a treep,:where he concluded he
was pretty well corfeeale'd, and lay there
until the confusion was over, and when -
he got up was the nearest man to the ne..
groes, and making a virtue of necessity
he declared he was not at all frightened
and had no idea of running at all.
Even 'ne of the magistrates, who was
regarded as a bi~g man In the neighlibr.
hood, said, that In taking a hasty view of
the whole scene before him, It occured to
him that it might be Important that some
one should, hereafter give a correct dis
cription of all that transpired, and to ena
ble hikn to do so, notwithstanding his age
and corporosity, he climbed up a ttree
with considerahle agility.
The local consequences of this extra:.
ordinary "nigger hangin" were -rathe'r
beneficithan other-wise;- for "ther year
previotis to it the owner of the land mode . -
such a bad cotton crop, that he spoke of
removing to the west ; but in gathering
up the scattered fragments of clothing,
bats, slhoes, etc.,. lost amid the confusion,
ho picked up a considerable quantity ~of
cotton in small bales, supposed to have
been been lost in the bustle and took thb
name of " lost bustles," which in so great
a measure supplied the deficiency of his
cotton crop, that he concluded to remain,
and I am informed Is doing well
Strange to say ! out of sonme 5or 6 thou
sand souls, who were present on that mern.
orable occasion, not more than 16 or 20
have ever been seen who were at the
"nigger hangin..' ." Well Bob, were you
at the "nigger hangin." "Oh no they
say every body. got scared and run'off
and I know I wvould'nt have got scared."
" Were you there?" "No.'"
TnEz BROKEN BaznoE.--An Irish noble..
man, on .a journey was informed that his
way lay over a ruined bridge, which he
would be obliged to pass at night. He or
dered his postillion to call him when they
reached the dangerous place, then wrapping
himself up in his cloak went to sleep. When
they reached the bridge the postillion called
but as his master did not awake, he drove
on, and passed safely over. Some time
after, the traveller awaked, and called out.
'How is this, John, have you passed the
'Yes, your honor.'
'Wh did you not wake me, as I ordered
you to del'
'I did net like to disturb your honor."
'Upon my honor, if we had 'all fallen into
the water and been drowvned, I would have
put a bullet through your head.'
'By all the martyrs, if you' had I would
have left your service ihe next minute if I
GEW. LEE ANiD PiR. CUTTINo.-40hn B
Cutting was a surgeon in the Army of -the
Revolution, and coming to Philadelphia,
lodged in a house where Gen. Lee was then
boarding. The Doctor was a personablei
man, and not mndifferent to dress.' The Gen
eral suddenly enterin the sitting-room
found the Doctor before teglass, carefully
adjusting his cravat..
eUutting,' says Lee, 'you must be the hap
pleat man in-creation.'
The former turned round with a smile of'
self.complacency-'And 'why, Gbea i'
said he. - -
'Why,' replied Lee, 'because you ar ins
love with yourself, and have~o a rival on
A black map in 1asI5. letituesag
was taken ifby hiafuatr ingtyli
g'ode, knoin them .tobe. stolqn. . He
was tried, foun guiltyr and sentence pisi
sed upon hkm. The judge pronounced..
"Take and dog,. that black rascal " The'
prisoner begged to be- heard, h il was
granted. Says he, -"If white mai /buy
tlwgo~ods, you will -order white rasical a
ilont""es, tobe .sure,. sidte Jde
"l are is my massa; he buy -toleti oe;
he know I was tolen when he b ~~me;
hold umn fast." ' ' a .