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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, October 18, 1848, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053240/1848-10-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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I- lit~ ~ K
4 sa .
ua fua' 7
oo jsad9li,
in~r~a~.~~d ats5cts. per
~.r ~ ~a~#1,)J~i 4hfirst and
OTe ~r~Iihrtons marked
Mn all4 4inetkrhywill be publishW
ed ulI dre'I e1sontinued, and
DOe Dollar er sqare for 'a single 'ini
he~oiL':Qiir~kla Monthly Advertise4
ientst.vill bbyhr4 the same asansingle
tuetoiand se ~tanont~ gthe same as new
AliOlita y~stipeg xpeedingeix lines,I
md' iut~en recom Medi ngCandA
datWi jnbioolcesnbr trist-er'pau
~i1~t~~,~if lie harged ~s Advertise.
sure n o~al att91lanced'
4 h* the aional Intelligencer.
flX~1-~Iiolor rit~ oOM, AND TUE
i1 j!very man livig in a"'bran spank.
w kIhse;or one' that looks anif it
liadilmeni painted as white as snowr within
23A1li{bu hiouses of wvood, whore all
the.en are, of stone, which in some
plaoel l~ ilIkk'ns io requmiro to be rn.
moved at the r'ate .of' a ton from six feet
8'4Wood for house and kitchen all saw.
.e &split up itoMone uniform length
aisy ee, and snmigly piled away under
Insoof anopen shed, so th ththe work of
bat kithhen'may suffer thc least in
terrto; in a word - lhe sacs a place for
oem ting,.and every tihing in its place.
- sTe'care obyiously bestowed in the
avdearatfi n of maure by Ao.
5.;njversa attention to a 'good supply
of I~ut a~dalited to the climate.
zONt a poor or superfluous ox, , owv,
g9raheep, the proportion of the
S ezponsive hore bemng on every
fin mq~y 'and eonomically small,
~~e seventh wonder is, afler a day's
rld e~nty-five years ago, wvith great
unlliny in their stages, at the rate of
7 iles an hour, now on r-ailroads at
'thdoratoi'thjiiyheroe in the name of
i ~ dt; .imysierious and inexplicable,
are these people'sstaple'erops? What do
they make for sale? Whemre a their
stack-yards of wheat, strawv and. fodder,
and oats and ryq?---Where are their to.
bacd houses, and their gin-hmouses, their
grthrds of cattle and swinme, rotig in
t aimPsN,' brosing in tihe fields, or re
i! iteM shade? How is it that these
~contrive to keep out of debt, and
yvet poirirepudiate? 'How do they goon
tmpro ng their rocky land, carrying tons
of stone6from their hills above to under
drain the meadows below? building school
houses in. .sight of. each other, .and ex
'peindhiq millionsion education, wvhile buy
pig for.theupselves,one a little bank stock,
and a0lttle stock in a neighboring factory,
at whiohhe 'sells his milk -and his apples,
his carrots and potatoes, once in a while
gif'ing s100 an acre for a small frm in
h'sWeghborhood? Dear reader, to ex.
plain.alnth'ese wonders of Now England
thrift said go-tsheadiveness in full would
make a long story, but if you will turn
'baokrto th~'iest page 'of the cover of this
jotisl yu iill see at one Ifkey to the
ridd ole! ,There you see the secret by
whechlone poor land throughout a con.
try can be' prudently and economically
made rich-fqr there you see the plough,
the loom,maditheoanvil, all clase to each
other thenfirst'boing the inost proinent.
It is there, and there only, wthere the
eqtivtorA of the srl have the wisdom to
ecouragell other branches of American
iairythat you will ever see or hear of
ninety tonsof milk and strawberries go.
og by one road, in :a single day, to be
consumed before the milk can sour, and
and befo're the strawberries can sour, by
Weaverigan~d 'ilaokenaiths, and shoemak-c.
er; aU3'tid nrsevaund ohurohmen, and lay.
inmn an4 .printers and .printer's devils;
an~d what is'mroe, some or tihese perisha
ble artiles going In one night probably at
ieat one ihundred miles, to bh eaten-fresh
next oirisg foibreak fast!" So much for
easy an excpditious channels of comnmu
nigjio of'th'ricentration Ia over the
. ad't:proide 'for.' the transportation
"' ttbe oedtfhat concentration only can
briog.odt of the ground."
anoas in this that we find the secret for
"making poor larid ridh."" It Is not' all the
premlums'thidan be oilbied~ nor priz~e
esihough, they be iruin out se long as
thei Ipin bo'linge,': that can convert a
ediuntry Into a 'rich one,
S rishing agriculture and a
densi dlationto taow the playe of bar.
wennequrd dispersion. 'With good seed,
good tints y abundnt capital to buy
It/niL epan ed with gol tilvao and
ooLso.nteiadtny bne may. make poor
led rolubiebu cthati not the know.
rei ah Ir V v
,irgini.6 the" editti
~ t, V rI
and caba Eni ~~s~'
t- t rl . od. .
feoatlhoher n oidooA liic6ii
duce so m uch t6oenieral htppiess .ai
steadyid shabitual fain144rvherelaubordb
wne gul Ellvi
Jugtenu gpf~t . c aior
as thefrmt ofta'genr naippbconivis
tional that Amerlcan4aborahtsed righit td
be -protected agdiiistAtlte overtaalisu.fand
urider paid nd ad ffibhrox~rte
and tii is nidenty fz att'bhsfirdr
for it islievndho ,981~
.1;aid, h iugbo ith
temptmng-and readnglm
the food out of the richest landg. t ii
the farmer who is'interesteds in ca rryin~
out the opinion of Mr. Jeffersong that
"noW we must place ther m fahaoturer b9
the side* of the a riculti-rist. '.''
WVhen that is" Soie, and' not until. the~n
fruirs of the soil' will, pay fdiithoibighost
improvement the soil is suscepti f
Thelin will the farmer's rich landis wvhielh
now lie cannot ailb-d..to ditch :andi lraini
be brought under the plough, afford
the means of reviving the. hills that haye
been exhanted; then, iln short, 'thdsodh o
Sodtrherni States,.with their vastly super.
iar soil and climate, would rival and mr.
past Connccticut, Vermont, and'Massaeh.
usetts, And we should cease to. hoar con
plaint 'of ant of cupital for agriculturEn
improvement, for they would spin jheir
own inrovement out of their own
ele, as the der pins hs wieb..
'tien might we find 'in these Southern
States what Sotithorn. men would scnreely
cr"di, were it not .related o iauthority-s
unquestioniable as Mr. Colman, who tell
us, in his A gricuturaleSurvey in Mas:
sachents, that in 'one county, to wvhicl
was appfortioeiEd by tdeLegislature of thie
State 2,000 of the surplus money distri.
buted by the General Government, the
coumtry commissioners that. it should be
loaned out at inuterest, on good security tc
the farmers; but, Southern reader, would
you believe it? not a borrower' gould be
found IN the county. In' whatcommnunm.
ty would such a phenomenon occur ex
cept whore the'r is conoentration-w he re
he plough, the loom, and the anvil pr
workig close together and prosirouasly;
where tonis of straVberrns are accompa.
nied by tons of milk, and .tons of carrot
ani potatoes are all borne along on the
same road to fill the bollics and brin
back the money of industrious and thriv.
I ing customers-non-producers of agricul.
tural produce?
.5i i s r e b i a ei .
We have as yet hardly begun to op.
preciate the manifold forms in tvhich rail.
road facilities contribute to individual and]
public advantoge. The increaseld com
fort, rapidity, and cheapness of the modern
railroad wtill-radily occur to every one;
but there are very many collateral bene.
fits which we are not so much impressed
wnith, exerpt as reflection and experience
bring thenm within our view.
cA mong thee benefits we may, no doubt,
rockon a great saving of health to persons
obliged to travel considerably. The ox.
Iposuro to all ehanges of whether during
the long and dreary stage rides of the old.
en time, was extremely formidable, often,
to the most robust, and to the feeble and
sickly it was almost certainly followed by
serious Illness, and a tedious confinement
to the bed of disease. But the luxurious
dar, furnished wvith soft.cushioned seats
and comfortable fires within, and protect.
ed as 'olfetually as our parlors at home
from 'he storm and cold without affords
to the traeller, hovever delicate and
Iweakly, all' that he could enjoy at home
of safety from exposure, while the easy
and ratid movement of the ear permits
him to doze or read,' oorwerso, and thus to
pass tho time pleatsanttly,.till ho i rdehlos
the journey's end unconscious of wearn.
ness or discomfort..
. s there any reason to doubt that one
ing is a vast saving of health and strength?
It s also a fact demoristrable by figures,
that",there is a great saving of'human life
resulting from the substitution of railways
from old fashioned roads, contrary to the
expectations of most persons, when rail.
roads were first introduced; it is shown
by accurafe statfstics oftcasn~alties in tra
velling, that fatal' accidents were much
more numerous under the old stage 'coach
es'stem thain now by raitfway, and this not.
withstanding tie vast increase of travel.
bora. In England, and if wvo mistake not,
'in Massachusetts all- aneidnt. am~hotim.
wril."C Winripof qhu nmb
di ~alrof rs 'oe drnosl nt:N A
Or A
m ga ~VI g or j
b ifiot and Mhowsa i
a p idg ous advantage i:t favor f arbus
ndles bomtunmity4 withy railroad fafdilities l
dver one' ddstitutew-of thdemiWhlen we' a
thintkoftdj6 ihensekCdoaimptt ti othne
lif'h!8.~idka~i&i brawii f busiestis Un
der thqto1, fiwefrther Won.
dw~mo n.o. o gpncmilexionsin a
da cguld "rimulain p'oirty.
But thereum in -whichwehed in
ind iQoisinsidriihisn1dehn llus.
savingb tie pcopiord arge ,oille, in
reei e roiios from, distant
put tbecoupryim aem ch.mnoreopers
feet conditon and without the usual losst
'attendant upois the-ohl -modes toft getting
'them statarket. *,f
Thatnexcollent .-ork, the 'Arieiiati 1
lifdad ~ ~ , ub Jo ilisile 4ttIn e6
fiielntresthigEinglis- Railroad statis -
e~s, in'a lritin Periodical;'i is there
stated that thp savingon the oathlp, sheep *
a4ind4-awine, in 1840,1by transporting them
! on te ralways; instead of drivin -themt an
formerlyt was 41,80oOoo Tpuids! aid
uthat the feed. iaved by the same chiing'e
was 643. 0,000 pouinds!! which alone I
would snstahn a opluationofover5,000
ese interstgnd u suats,
appear! to. be well authenticated, ani;ihev
,are worthyol thoughtful onsideration i'in
this country. It has not unre ty
dbeen questioned y the" fariing."nterest
whether raliondsiv 'woe attiuudiely ofJ
much advmtage lo' ti, lthodhi shen'
they have farms to disp o nof they are'
sure to mentionetho ifact if a railroad pas;
sea through or near them, ands to enlarge
upon that faet as increasing the value of
what they oifdrave by ,s,..
wThe los's of d-iving live stockh,:ill be
oidourse ii proportion to tigd-iatance be.
tween the cattle markets and the regions
where they. were raised. The distanc
.from the English grazing fields to the
market is trifling compared with the long
and wearsome route over which the Wes
tern drover comecs to Philadelishia, Newv
York, -&d." The lossof flesh midthcebil
sumption of feed in consequoloo of the
lack of raiond conveyanco is, of course,
.vastly greater here than it could lhe in.
Enogland. Consequiently railroad facili
ties are worth so much the more to the
American than tot he English grazier.
iMut even when wye have railroad com-.
munication, we boliove it is not customa
ry for drovers to avail themselves of it for
the conveyance of cattle. They must re
member that cattle driven six, seven, or
Ieight hundred miles must lose niuch of
their weight and value, and cost a large
sum for feed by the way, and to filt them
afor butchering. Whether they decline
employing the railroad from motives of
economy, and ifso, whether that is not a
mistaken economy, may perhaps he bettor
determined in the light of the English
sautistics on the subject to which we have
referred above.
It waes late, it wvas midnight, wh~nn the
Duke of Wellington lay down. lie hoad
not found time so much as to wash his
face or his hands; but overcome with fa.
Amtigue, thret himself, after finishing his
despatches, on his bed, he had seen Dr.
Hume, and desired him to come punctu
ally at seven in the morning wvith his re
port; and the latter who took no rest, but
spent the night beside the wvounded, came
at the hour appointed. He knocked at the
duke's door, but received no answer; he
Slifted the latch and looked in, but seeing
him in a sound sleep, could not find it in,
his heart to awaken him; by and by, how-.
ever, rflecting on the imo rtance of time
to a man in the duke's high situatIon, he I
beoing well aware that it rmed no article t
in hIns grace's code to prefer personal In
dulgence of any sort to publie duty, ho
proceeded to the bedside and aroused the
sleeper. The duke sat up In his bed, hisa
face tumshaved, and covered wvith the dust
and smoke of yesterday's battle, presen-.
ted a rather strange appearance; yet his
senses were collnoted, and in a moment
lhe desired Hlume to make his statement,.
The latter produced hisi list, and began to
read, but when, as Iie proceeded, nanie
after namo.&this as of one dead, the other
as of one dying--his voice failed him, and
looking up lie saw that the duke was in an
agony of grief;- the tears chasetd one after
another from his grace's eyes, making
deep visible furrows in the soldiers black.
ened cheells, and at last he threw himself
upon his pillow, and groaned aloud. ."it
has been my good fortune never to lose a
battle yet all this glory can by nio moans
compensate for o grema los of n.-.9
o6,~ ot y runirto
ohe Iin
- NO
Nis, liidti~b I
rhe re rhoide ".0
no oexadily runo
whrchda ko it bd adpior Q~1Iot
he sa wynbersstiny rov tA tdj
,e h d t i
>e.pendicul not loghio t.
creepectable aseny e
inre's haley iin toye 1itaIerlf~i
her.a Itwasnt long beforoatthe~ I
me " ape inigor srWnorat0 d
to sawerr othei itu'~Pl'i~ ~v~hj~in
nento nr h ichly . T n1 1
he d a firx nor lyih Oetm he
iu res ha.n' yr
he th t~it tner a 1
>uptntoe s g k orisawyer, - g oh
orche iti Iuia0ila 'n
tea er. Tn eA .a be r
ended ine~ Jhic) ast . ~ioh mne
eang'has oftenaar,ct p4,6 o
mar Itiws ainlg hg filhd bith W'
ilouts e ' it ahin.ast afIiihw
le nlsahogieoroe e oe
ot "oa e te. firenoa !rhoistedW*t
sgtife, an ioii' t he liht
hr beldthefe.N ..nc odeIig ti r tio1
murroundg gloom and hs es.
Injie ibanpr dJviiAfell
Urlasting-coitnrd ood font.i n iW
was s. machrbustle andeioisqonlioar
nme, as if sho a goirg tQ t
wentyc abinpassengers. "Stand b e
rawl, there!" the captain orderet;*g 6
he yawl was ofC owith dk' hiinds
>ulling, and-themate, s ilushilitandhlig
Sp in. the ster, steering, making for Mr.
4tuffy. ''top s.laking yu light-Mion't
ou think wye see you?' shouq the sm
'rom the yOil1Get"ull defdown
,hder the bank there, if you kanttoocfre
,hoard," sung out the -captain, from the
heck of the steamer, or we will put off
guain gd - yu
vaving up and down the fire-brand leid
a his hand. "Trn6 tellow's ci'ssa said
he captain, "He's a f , iutt.r .t
nate, with an oath botweni liseeth.
'No h aint," said one ofti7. hulnd 3',iut
to is drunk- see, ;he .ha tumiied down
he bank there." Just at thisotime the
rawl was run in near the ahore,'and,a pas
ed betwveen the snag under the' line at.
ached to the figure, the line caught-un
ler the mate's chin, throwinghim backin
he boat, at the same time-jerking Mr.
stuiflyz over the bank,: and he rolled :lnto
he rivers fMan oveorboard'" was- then
lie cry, and the 'passengers rushedTfrom
he cabin to the deck to beholdthogead
tatastrophe. "Catch lim itadhiok' ut
~d neveral -voices itt, once, !~~oWill
Irowni" A few hurried strokes. brqugby
beoyawl totho drowning raah. The miate
oized him,. and drew .him pj6ardjlg
rawl, and then pulled foi' te. amen,
V hen raising thedrpwni ng rhi~rhorI
me split in two, and the moss falling out2
hey all .discovered~that..he ,wastneher
razy, drunk nor drowned; -but that hW
vasa regular aucker:.for he had aucked in
ho 'captain, mate, and all had, offte
teamer Clipper, handsomeal. "Th6n snoh
laugh Ivent up fiern the ji Arid
11I handis, as to drowvnsthe escape 4jiof
ho boat as slie was put under*.sy agin,
>f the captaln's. hearty '"Go.a-headI.
3anvard and his men joined in the laiigb,
ind returned to their .boat to.Ian hover
gain the success of theidsjk& .
DEATH OF Mnse Mr2nY- Resters wil
robghly remember the miarrisg of Rev. 3.
'f.'Maflltt, some two yeara an ;*~hfigot as
heo circumstances createdl soee excitemet
t the time. The parties soon epa tand
avd sluceO lived daSrt/-' r."Maft i~k
resent in Arkansas. -'Mrs 1liittli Q
L'iday night, aged' only elgt giftrgit
even months, of billious reeaftr rdidi
\lnac.-N. Y. Courier.
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w'setauon . i rgenti'4t'dsir :hY4
o e
tned uejt~ t -
t.jThere nsapntto
rfib j hr n01
Ole b' erica r sk *
t 4 tA i sn
sIrIerk pxi ib R frtw .
.' the r vrndeeraliesr ctorr Wthr.
lurjlof Me fall thenp befAi e
.mitht tsuisdtediy~i~o ~
eq #(i I
fI ra th
tofd TAent
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e aswo ;;e n
A. rit h o 2 .
god 3Nri~te mip ati QWA1 I
was - asto h e
*h the uniitd6
nea eno Id t pi t

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