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yahdyis- firoaeingas&o itch
of the AdourThnent of the ?I.
Tio adial and professional einence
4 6f Profress'r2Webskqer,j.the wdlth and
standing of the- late Dr. Parkman, and the
mysterious circumstatices connected with
* dliappeIrance and presumed murder,
rderi 'd of the most interesting and
exclitig criminal trials that has ever takop
placi lthe United States.
The prienqt, John W, Webster, wais
Arigihd .befotc the Supreme Judicial
Lit srfgawssalusetty. sitting at Boston,
64i onday, the 18th inst. Contrary to
pgjt#Jsppctation, a. jury was obtaine
withoutdif i&ulty, and J. II. Clifford, Esq.,
t he attorney-gdneial of the'commonwealth,
having.briefly indicated the character of
the testimony for the people, the examina
tion of th1; witesses for. the prosecution
On Mopday, Tuesday, Wednesday, anid
bituraday the principal witiesses who
testined .'re the officers who searched
PrefeesQr Webster's apartments at the
College,, and subsequently arrested him;
-the medical men who'made the pt mor
temr examination of the remains; Ir. Jabez
-Patti the coroner who presided at the in
44Yge'; thme chemists who analyzed the blood
spote, pc.; Dr. Keep, the dentist who fur.
hisiho-Dr. Pafkman with.a set of artifi.
cial teoth in;, 6, and repaired them
about two weeks before his disappearance;
and Ephraim Littlefield, the janitor of the
Medical College, who was the first to sus
pect the muider had been committed, and
to discover what were supposed to be por
tions of Dr. Parknman's body.
- The testimony of the oflicers atnd the
other witnesses, in relation to the search
in the College, the appearance of the re
mains, and the articles found in the labora
tory, was a mere recapitulation of facts
already before the public. Some new cir
cumstances were, however, elicited, in ro
lation to the conduct and bearing of Prof.
Webster, at and after his arrest. fis
jiiind and body were alike prostrated, and,
when he called for water, lie was unable
to swallow it. Evidence was adluced to
,how that the lower limabs of the body
found, resembled in some peculiarities of
their configuration, those of Dr. 1'arkman,
but the testimony did not amount to posi
live imdentification. It was proved by sev.
oral witnesses that Dr. P. was near the
college, and on the point of entering it,
about two, P. M., on the 23d of Novenmber.
after which-hour it has not been stated in
evidence he was seen alive. As his pres
ence.in the college and interview with
Profess& Webster are admitted by the de
fence, this portion of the testimony is of lit.
tie comparative consequence.
By. far the most important witnesses who
have yet been placed on tihe stand, are Dr.
N. C. Keep, and his assistant, Dr. Lester
Noble. They were examined on Thurs
day, and their statements produced a
strong sensation in court. Dr.' Keep
swore point blank that the teeth, found in
the ashes of Wcbste~is furnace, at the col.
lege, were parts of a set which lie manu
fictured for Dr. P. in 1846, and proceed.
ed to demonstrate their identity by a cast
of the doctor's jaw, and a description of v
y remarkable conf ation A
ghe teti,,lie had ground
S ",on f the riilficitil jdy, in order
the lower steas nr the mot h.
ud htigfB, had rem' ed some
lie pink coloring matter of the false gums,
and defaced the beauty of the enamel anj
from this, and several other marks, lie de
Jtiqp that the teetii
MF ie muhoDr. P. is sIn t
igID. Nohie, who aided in making the
teeth, testlfied to the same eff'ect, and add.
ed that lie repaired the teeth abonut a year
dfer they vere first inserted, and that he
..reco nisa' thei mark of the gIow-pipe'
wntu~ was jnada whaen teang them on
thart occasinn. -Dr. Jeffries Wymnan, pro
fes#;or of riatiny at Hlarvard Univ ersity,
(a ~'o examined QmThursday) testified that
orn the pantahoons and slippers found in Dr.
Webster's laboratory, lie dletected, by the
rdieroscope, spots of llood. The staius on
thie stairs, at first supposed to he blood,
proved, he said, to be tobacco juice. lDr.
'Vyman also confirmed, in a great mecas
u mre, the descript ion given by Dr. Keep of
the peculiar shape of Dr. Plarkumin's lower
Ephraim Littlefield, the janitor of the
Medical Collego, was examined at great
length on Friday. Ji s testimony is of the
highest importance, and wias delivered with
ehearneandprecision. it is ai complete
nartl fthe circ utnstances connected
with. the disappearance of Dr. Parkman,
thie conduct of Prof. Webster fromt some
dlays prior to that event up to the period of
his imcarceration, and the facts in relation
to the appearance of his rooms and the
finding of the body, so far as these mnattere
Scamne uinder the observation of tihe witness.
SHe stated that lhe was present at an in
terview between Parkman and WVebster,
in the college, oun the 19th of November,
ait which the formner asked, 'Are you ready
for tnc to.ighjt?' and the latter replied loud.
Jy and quickly lh the negative. D)r. W.,
on that occasion, either refused to sell
something or to mor tgage somet hing to Dr.
P. The l atter, on gomng out, raised his
hand idc said, 'Honiethinsg most be done
to-m~orromw.' This weam the. laat tilme Little.
field-saw Dr. P. ini the college. Oni the
*follo'wing day, the 20thm, WVebster asked
witness if the vault. in the entry had been
fixed. [Th'isu vault extended uinder the lah.
oratory; and ini that sor-i am of it u nder the
privy. which was divided fronm the res;t ly
a wall, the remaiins were foiund.} lI)r. W.
also made particular iijmiries as to its po
sition, anid how amy one coublh get. into i;
from below. IHe said lie wanited to go
some gas ontof it for an expeorimleni, and
inqiredh if at light could be got. inito it.
Xtessl told hmim no; that *the foul ar
would put it out, as it had done a few dlay.
befor e, when lhe (witness) attenmptedl to let
dlow'n a lamp or candle. lie had emiployed
witness5 to got somec blood, which Dr. W.
wanted for his lectairn. Theo blood could
not be procured, at which he expressed re
On Friday, Nov. 23d, witnes~s saw Dr.
.,Webster Approaching the college, about i
* dluarter before two o'clock P. M. Later,
thmo sne afternoon, he went to Dr. Web
ster'a'laboratory for the purpose of can
mng it, as usual, but founid all the doors
loading into it locked or holted in the
imside, and heard Prof. Weobster wvalking
in~the room. Witness testifiedl, that froi
that tone to the finding of the remains,
Prof.,Webster's laboratory wvas keptilock.
ed whien he was out, and bolted when lie
waa in, except un one instance, when lie
(witness) had access to it to make a fire in
tho furnace. T1hme wall was at one time
very hot, as if the furnmace was being used.
A large quacntity of pine kiundlinags, which
werq in Webhster's room, woro used imime
ajiftly after Tarkmanm's disappearance.
Witness mentionied twvo or three conversa
tno with W'ebster on the subject of Dr
,.' abseppe-., in one of which thme fornim
acknowled od that the latter had been in
Y(Vboglt half past one, P. M., on the
~j~id $stated that ho had paid hin
603O, rof. Webster (witness thought)
wagcoftsed and eimbarrassed whetn mak.
V in PA' nt' f e one
4-)ate a-- womli ingff seen to put a
bIndli q, encovered with- , a
da t tm urde 'OD p3J
Iittle6ld also gave a mIute a
cent ofit.is breaking th1ough ba
wyall, amdof the position, &c., df the -
mains, describing very particularly the ap.
pearance of Webster when he arrived at
the college in custody. No one was pres
ent, it seems, when Littlefield broke the
wall and first saw the huinan fragments.-- I
One very important circumstance was dg
veloped in his testimony. He stated that
a sledge hammer which usually stood in
the laboratory was seen by *liin; on the
morning of the 2d of November, behind i
the door opening from Dr. W.'s private
room into the laboratory, and that, fronI
that ttne, he chad never seen the instru
ment, all search for it havin proved vain.
The examination in chief of Littletield
concluded on Friday night.
The subjoined testimony, given by Little.
field and his wife yesterday, does tiottetid
to brighten Professor Webster's prospects I
of acquittal. IL is said that ssno peculiar
facts, fully establishing the identity of the
remains, and which were embodied in Mrs.
Parkman's evidence before the coroner's
jury, will be brought forward by the gov. I
ernment. It would of course be very pain.
ful to Mrs. Parkman to be pliaed on the
stand, but no scruples of delicacy shonld
prevent the production of her evidence, if t
necessary to the ends of justice.
The excitement in Boston is represent. I
ed to be intense, and it is added that as the v
chain of circumstanccs tending to criminate I
Professor Webster is gradually developed, r
the current of public opmion sets strongly
against hint. 'he suspicions which at firsi I
rested on Littlefield are said to be clearing c
away, and few now believe that he knew a
anytiin more about the inurder than ap- I
pears from his own statemeits. Mrs. Lit.
tlelield's testimony confirms that of her
husband. There was a story current in
lioston yesterday that Webster was s s
confidepst of acquittal that lie had made ar- j
ra ments for leaving for Europe itimmeidi
atelv after the termination of the trial.- t
Nothing has transpired so far to jnetify
such confidence. What the counsel for a
the prisoner imav have in reserve cannot be i
knowin, for they have given no hint of the
line of delence they mean to adopt. It has I
been intimated that aii alibi will b proved, t
blit this may be nere rumor. There are A
20 or :10 witiesses yet to be examined. It 1
is qlnstionable whether the trial will be :
finnshed this week. 0
At the opening of the court yesterday
morning, the room was filled with the usu.
al v at concourse of spectators, anxious to
hear the cross examination of Mr. Little
field, which was conducted principally by
L1TTLEF&rJ.lJ's Cnoss-ExA3|INAT1ON.-- t
went into the laboratoryon Wednesdsy
night, because I was afraid the building '
w as on fire; when I got in, there did not
.4' -ar to be any fire in the furnace; in go.
; -airs, I fe*t the heat with my hand
L1 as high as my head. The dis.
e :I r min was on the same level with
r~ery; the furnace was hot, and
r V th erucibles and minerals; I
iianot t1oUV;ch :ything, because Dr. V. had C
told n1e nA to toucnTianything left oitAthi a
table unless he left it to bhe wasliQJ; he
had a table where he left things ~ to be v
Lahed. I thoight it suspicious; I inspec- v
ted the privy, btit had no key to it; I did not
try whether my key would fit it; I made no
attempt a .. _a I
seen as tote water lii the hiogsheads to
my wife, rigiflaoflhad comimunicated it to
nobody btit my wvife and Dr. Hfanneford;
lie next I told it. to was Th'loimson, who,
worked for rnme; it was when ontiuig homne
f rom a pariy on Wedlnesday nighit; I lookred
into the hogshead, thinking Dr. P.
imight have been pumt in there; don't know
whether I thought of looiking in the fur.
nace. TJhumrsday, I told Mrs. lI[aren, whio
went to get some tools for ime. Friday, I
told Drs. Ilidgelow, Jackson, and Olliceer
Trenhohmn after I caine up troim workimi'
upolin thme wall oni Friday; caime home WVed
nesiday night at ten or half past. Suniday
aftterinoon, went to the toll house on C'raige's
lBridge; conversed with the tollimani atout
the story that. D r. Parkmn had been seent
going over to Camnbrid ge; did nott tell any.
bodly then that I saw O r. Parkman conie ini
or go out ot the colleue; did not then sav
that. I saw IDr. Webster pay Parkman mo~
ney; dlid not sa so~ in presence of Mr.
;reen; did not. knmow a personii by that mnme
. )ircct examination resumed-Another
haid-bill shiown witnmess, and lie was askced
:who lie saw on Moiiday. lie said he never
esaw a the plaicardl at aill; have iiever made any
gelaimn for the reward. I have s-l that 'l
lhave never had any, and never shiould, andl
;never have had any intentioti of getting thme
reward. I had the minutes dowvn of hay.
,mg received the turkev on WVednesdlav;
iiy wife told mec when I told her .what'I
,had said to the coroner's jury, "You have
mnade a mistake, it was on Tuiesday you got
she turkey.'' I wvent t'' Foster's and found
wilm his hook that it was so; I wvent to the
*oronier and had the mtistake correcteid;
went to the coroner once to correct the
mistake; and once to sign the deposition; I
first noticed thme cnts or hacks im the sjnk
wheire thu hatchet wasw foiamd on the Natur
da~y after the ar est of IDr. WVebster; cannot
liy ai .1urymi an--Dlid you' go 'over the l.ast
'a amridge biridge before or after you saw '
IDr. Weblster tom Sundlay night!
hly a .1uiryiian-lhgd yo'u ever k nw ice
mn iho siink !
W itiiess -N.; the wvat em runs out
b r'nghi the botut'ii; thme wino'w leoks inut.
the c'al fhm; there was tfound mi D r. Webd
ter's labhorat' ry a key of thle nipper fron t
do'or, andl of thle lower iion't door.
( ~)~Crs-xaminaOtion41 resilmeid--- I was ex.
uninin g when I f'mu die hacks in the
.sok; D r. Webster bad ice mi er ery winter,
whlich I bireak upl for him in thle sinkl; I
do'tt k now but t hat the bac ks igh~t ha~ve
beeni done that wvay; the other p'rofessors
imighit have hard keys; iDr. Channiing order.
cd mel on1ce' to get severa I keys iimdu ae r
goimg up mnto thei laboiratory; don'it know
whether they were disturbed amng the
Atndrew A. lPoster.-- am a proavisioni
lealer in Court street; I remembher suplhy
mg a turkey to Al r. i tt lefield on Tluesdiy
Nov. 22, at thei onlor of Dr. WVebster; it
wa~s about. 4 o'ulerk in the' afteriioon; did
not keep, thet order; .t was destroyed; there
was another order him laght by hmitm for sweet
potatles u 1. i wgs i.'ait to Cambrid te by
toe explreo, tums as a transcripit of mny bok,
made(1 by ime.
tomte to aicerta in fruem my books the date,
andl I told Imium; 1 do( not remember that lie
had made another statement before the cor..
Carolnne M. Littiue'd-1 am tihe wife of
thme .Janitor of the college; I know Dr. Park.
man by sight; I think it wias .Saturday, I
am not sure t hat It was nit till Sunday',
that i heard of Dr. Parknium'y disappear.
Clifllbrd.--Did you on Sun'lhv night cau
at and rned, .aying that he had set
D. We r, and 5eyeved nemuch as tha
fas sa a g the. that Dr. Webstei
e . I said, "For mer.
y'gak at in Y0y11 thiuktoI.
. m tion that thingain orilink o
if 66,411 Mr I lould get hold of
t, it would make trquble for you." I don't
<now that I noticed before that there had
aeon anything unusual in the way. Dr.Web.
iter kept his rom, but after he nentined
t, Sunday evenng, I remembered how h
jept.the .abortory door locked, which I
iever new before. . When Ihe lectures be.
ran, first week in Noveinber, Dr. Webster
isked mne if I could not use. vaer from his
aboratory, for his water was not good or
Iccount of the pipe; he did not like to leave
t running, because it spattered his floor;
[ used water from there after that; Friday
ifternoon, the little girl going for water,
-an back and said the door was locked; I
iaid that cannot be, for that door is always
)pen. I round it fastened in the mrning
yhen I wanted to get water; I could ge
vater from our cellar, but as Dr. Webster
lad, requested me to get water from the
aboratory, I thought I would; it was lock.
,d most of the time the next week. Mon.
layniorning, Dr. Samuel Parkman cane
nd asked to see Dr. Webster, and where
to should find him; I told him I would show
iru the door, but did not know as he could
ret in; I went to our cellardoor and it open.
d, and lie went up soon after that. I went
o the door for water and it was fastened.
'he same day, soon after, the expreas
Irought in a bundle of grape vines, a box,
md a bag, and laid them down; he did so
iefore; at other times, he would get into the
oom by a key hanging there, if the Doctor
vas out'i don't know whether the key was
here th-it tiny or not. On Thursday, I ask.
d Mr. Littlefield to put the grape vines
Id the box, which were in my wi, inito
Vrof. Webster's roon. HeI' tried th'e dor
nd said he could not get in.
Question. Did you see Mr. L. niak
ng any attempts to get into Dr. Web
ter's roon prviousto Vednesday! [Ob.
acted to. 'ho Conrt decided "that the
nestion must be to sone fact bearing on
Question-Did you so Mr. Littlefleld
n1 wednesday lying otn the floor and look
ig tinder Dr. \V.'s door!
Witess-I saw him on the floor; I saw
im looking at the keyhole; I do not know
hat my husband built any fire that week,
donday, wedncsday, and Friday; I saw )r.
V. pass through the lower entry on Wed.
wornin; lie cane quito early, as early as
ight o,clock; lie passed through the entry
n Wednesday to pass up the front stairs;
it Friday morning Dr. W. came into the
itchen and took up a paper: he asked Mr.
,ttieleld if lie hal heard anything about
)r. P1arkinan: he said a woman had seen a
irge bundle pit into a cab, and the cab
ad been found afterwards all blood; I knew
tat 31r. Littlefield sent Mrs. Ilarlow for an
xe on Thursday, and went to borrow some
ols of Mr. Fuller, but I Raw only the axe
rhich Mrs. I larlow brought; M1r. Littlefield
aid that Dr. Webster knew more of the
fair than he pretended to; that was after
Or. Webster was gone. [objected to by
ohier.] On Frida', about 3 o'clock, ie
rent to work on e wall; when he had
eon at work about half an hour I thought.
saw.Dr. W. coming; I had a hammer, and
ras to strikei fottr times if I saw Dr. WV.
unDig; when I saw Messrs. Trenholin
tid Starkweather coming, I thought one
r thtn was Dr. V., and gave the alarm;
lien Mr. Littlefield cine up I was talking
'ith the otllicers; Dr. W."afterwards came
it, went through the entry, and took up
te grape vines- ie went into thelectore
somandcame the laoggattt
oedtobefore . ppearance;
did not see Dr. WC. go o' t w~as when
hIr. Littletiel was talking wh e.aj
therers; whetn Dr. Wi. was gone Mr. Little.
ejd-4N-darDtandl was gone about ten
linntes; I neverEe'Tpre saw hint look as
e did wheni lie caine ba;h-ad
Prisoner's counsel objected.
Clitrord said the appearance anid excla
tation of Littletiel on that occasioni were
tets. 'lThe goverttnent htad shown that the'
etnains were Dr. P.'s, and that they muttt~
are beeni there with the kitowledge of
)r. W. or Littlefield 'rThe apipearanlce of
..ittlefield and his words were itaterial facta
judge whether lie ha:d known the re
tains were thter.e. The couirt rutledl that
he imnneratnd appearance onthy wats to be
Vttnese--W'hen hie r- - e a verv
much ailfeted, so mtuy .t he bur. t
Ito tears; he did noL go -way; lhe
ould now; lie then locked ...e door andl
vent to Dr. Bligelow; M r. Trenhohadn camne
n, and went d ownt and stayed about five
nintes' lI hnsid it was no mistake.
WVitntess was checked frotn giving what
Ce said.] I suv tto bed clothtes brought thtere
ty ant express tanan; I was about the buill
hutg with may children while the ollicera
vere there; I went after water ini the ha
torta try, while t hey were there.
Cross-examinted--We wet into the Ia -
'oratory becaunse the tratpdoor was in thec
:ellar, antd they had gonte down to get the
eumins; I don't know whe it was I coin.
ected the maistake about the turkey; I thitnk
twas before the coroner's jury. I do ntot
mnow what he said before the coronter,s
John Maxwell, a biny--Lives mi Fruit
;treet Place; knew IDr. Littlefieb'l; knew
)r. Parkmant; took a tiote up to aDr. P. fromt
ir. Lsitletield and left it in his ho.iae; it
asa thec fore, part of the week thatr Dr. It,
vas timaing!.; I delivered the ntt're intou the
John llathiawayu .irn-Am.Xi enlgagmed ati
lie Maisaichit.ett s lio.pitalI; he'ep the med
emei as the ;apthecairy; Mr. I .ittlefrield nyp.
atlied to met lior mmite blood' thle Tlhu trsdm,
'lire Tlhianksgivintg fo r Dr. W. : I fiosd mh
Ilay becauts" t here was buit on 'le ucturt
meo tt week: I attentdeda all the lectuares
'The ( ouirt here adljouirned unttil Monaday
't 9 e, elock.
C'orr'jaianulemnce if the Courier.
Mr. Tlhomai.'s Butler Kitng,s Repiort ont th,'
resoutrces of California gives great saitistac
tua'n toa thle A dimstra tiont, aind will he
reeddyl souight for by the pubihlic, niot on k
at the tutited States, but wherever lm
tihe lo:vte of novehv~ and the thirst for gohl
imay exist. Itnahadition to thte patrt intar
which I gave, yesterday, I may state that
the lIeport will occupy someothing~ hk.
''ght cohauutts of ouar city papters. It give.
mitnutte rrinrationu as to thir agrricutltutra
cap-icities of the coutry. 'PTe wild 'atm
of the region grows spo~ntaneously, aml
yield forty tbushiels of grain to the acre
Th'le pastures are eintensive andi~ richt, atme
eattle anid sheep raising miay lie carried ti
a vast extent. E'nterprisea; are already ot
foot for raising cattle and( wool growingj
l'rotii Mexico, a vast numbiner of shteep ari
to be itrodhuce.
I lerotofore, cattle were worth but thire'
oir four doll ars a htead, aind the ir hides wer<
t he chtief nrticle of export from t 'alia: ntia
Now,. thme cattle bring a high price for tha
comtiunption of an iniluix oif populatmion, a'
tat whtom lire bent ont pursuita other thai
agriculturo and growing cattle. 'Thle acttu
alI population itt to Eta'e is now a htundre'
and twenty thtonsand, and the imnmhzratio,
from aill parts-of the world, will, withini
vtar from ihn first of May next add, a mom,,
ttir n . o tiefd
valud four as ~ r* iu
the e of six'0lionis, 44d twii liono
in ot articles.?J'he supplies of libec
?1tIAt utmiuo 6'cmome'roiti the Atlantic V
ports long as the Ilbor required for cut. f
ting I nber in California sball cost over i
seven dollars a thousand. a
Sor idea may be formed of the value f
of the old region from vie~ing its extent, d
as it cin be traded on the map. Mr. King
descrilei it as rising from the river Sacra- e
mento,as a base Jine, by an inclined )lane,
til. it leaches, at the foot of the hills, an t
elevatin of four thousand feet above that
river. This region is about five hundred a
Mhiles in length, from North to South, and o
averagng fifty miles in breadth, froin West it
to East This is one continnoos region of n
fluartzrock, rich in gold-very little of it,
if worktd with proper skill, capable of yiel
ding les than three dollars of geld to a
pound of the rock. From the valley cast
of the fills, and between themi and the Sier.
ma Novda, a number of little rivers run
througi the hills and westword to the Sa
crameito; and, iii their beds, gold is found.
in dustand lumps, which have been wash.
ed, by the rains and streams, fiom the
quartx massms which the rivers traverse. s
Mr. Kng personally examined twelve of
these :iver, anud found their borders and
beds a4 very rich; and, from trials made of a
the quirtz, it is believnd that the whole
region aboums in gold. The whole of this
region, with the exception of one small
tract, ii -public property, and is subject to N
the didmosition of Congress. The Presi
dent iVl irecomnmeid Mr. King's plan of
granti perinits and leases, instead of sel
Of 1 nufatutres at tihe Sout.
To F an Huni, .
di r the .ierrchant's .1taga:inr, etc.
DaIar 8sut-l have just rea(l the articles
of Mr. .iregg, in your lDecember and Jan
uary nMnbers, in which he very trsily says
that "tl.e remuneration which capital re. f
ceivee, when invested in mnanufacturing, is t
not a cliterion from which to judge of the
profits derived by the country at large."
lie tien notices the fact, that New En- i
land ha'agrown rich, not merely the stock- fi
holders,ibut the whole people, in conse. le
quence of her spirit and l' iver-.f imachi- y
nery. lut great asth-results hC G1m
to NewEngland, they are not to be com
pared with those now being produced at i
the South. I
The liNver class of New England popula. ,
tion are posgessed of energy, inventive ge
mnius, and go-ahead industry, with intellects h
brightened by a plain education; while the a
same class heae are as inert as Indolence p
and povety and total wantof education for II
ages ca nake a people; and the change .
wrought tipon such a population, by trans
posing them from their iserablo log-cab- 8
ins n the pine-woods, and equally misera- fi
ble food and raimnent, tothe state of civiliza
tion that they meet with in such a beauti
ful manufacturing village as Graniteville, t
mnuist be'ecen to be appreciated. It is no fi
wonder thtat Mr. Gregg estimates the benro-- in
fits to the body politic so highly. The
whole treet around Graniteville, three years
agowa ,wild barren waste, and the
greater ortion of the operatives almo.-t i
aborigimK-living a sort of vegetable life,
Wf littl rpfat-to themselves or others
Pres ange.:, The magic vaid of the
mr . . re aved over the rocky.bed o
thest ' r16ii . -i had spetit its Idle k0
force:- wit that valley. and up arose the Ih
ce of the spindle andtow, und :
had never bofore been sheltered by ii domi. h
cite worthy the name of a comfortablo e
house. Anid, certes, never biefore had they la
the opportunity of ollerinmg up thanks to
tCod every Sabhbath dlay ini auch a church as
eitltyoj hose now pointing their spir'-. d
lint thatajs not all. Hlere thechldren
maust attend school, and if any one is d'~
pousedl to make a brute of himself over the
whiskey cup, he must go to some oth~er r
place, for neither in store nor tavern in that g
village has that curse of the earth ever
dntered, or can ever enter until owners
The reason why thec goods from this e
tablishment have entered so suiccessfully ~
into competition with those of the Northerii
mills, can be easily undlerstood by thoswe (
who have travelled much in thme cotton.
growitng region, as I have done. The
hiandlinrg or cotton is one continued scer~
..f waste from the time the first bolls cpenit
until the hales reach the New England cot
ton-miill, and there the picture is reversed, e
for every item, even the dirt that accumui
lated on the bales, serves to mnanure thli
soil. In the field much of the cotton is tun-M
picked until amd-winter, and much of it
blowna out, and other parts~ stained and in
jured. At the gin-house the waste is stilli
going on, and miost comnmonly is put tip ini
bagging that is more like a net than lik'
cloth3: and, after being tumibled about in thme.
mutd. and exposed to the rain, is perhaps
hauled a hundred miles, through muddy
roads, andu then tumbled out upomn the
groundi' to rest awhile before it inskes a
steamboat passage, still exposed to rain and.
dirt and smoke, and then ptut on sihore, as
I have often seen at New Orleans, ini mud a
and water (I inches deep, to stand, perhaps ,
iweek. 11y this time the sacking is ha!f
turn ofly but, notwithmstandling that, wvhen
le samplehr conmes roun d, if there is a
w hole sp'ot left, lie wdll cut a mnost. un.ii
merciful Igash into it and extract a few
o onis fromzi each hale, alt houigh theire miav
-,e a hundred al ke. Anod whlv I The sani.
des are his peninisites, and,'therefore, thme
[irgest possible qluantity that can be gouged
-ouit without ha ving it cal led stealing, i'
moust to his pirodit. The pract ice is a shrunm
tul onie, and inot oily a direct tax upon the
planters for thle amountt ta ken, but at leaveh
the balance om the hale open to injury. A'
d1I the cottomn yards, andl depots, aim
wharves, the bag~s are tumbiihl about in the
dirt, and the grounil is white with cotton
traimpled under foot and wansteid. liut
waste and inry dhoes not cease here; for
I have seen it turinbilledI ablout in the samie
way ini the sitreets of New York.
-You will inow see the advantage of the
cottoln manulactuirers who' are located
whecre thme stap'le grows. At Augusta,
Geonrgia, the cottomn ciii beo taken into the
moil I right from the planter's boat that
birouight it dowii the Navannah II ivor, and
t hroughI thle canal of nine miiies that brings
lie power to drive the spindles.
Ail the cotton that I saw at Graniteville
nd Vaucltuse. another iiill upon thmesame(
t~reaim, wvas in grxxl sound sacks, and free
rom idirt and stain. and oif course, wvill
make better cloth aind less waste.
.Nearly all the South Carolina cotton is
-put upl in goodl bans, andl if it wtas only die.
cettly handile id anm'not thievishly samipledl,
at would reach the manufacturer in better
onadition thani the New Orleans cotton of
iii he ime qutality.
The miani'ufacture of cotton is exteniding'
Iall over the Southern States, and if thmere,
were a few more such men as William
-(iregg to build tup in wvilderness places a
- o mnor" such villages as G'raniteville, it
wouhld -t a great b lessing to thmo.lowyj
rilasser neoplo, for it woul eIe-tte their
e, d n "!W Ddre ightha
u p n tgulig d w~ri~
leaving one ent, ei ht mills, edsixity
ve.hundredth ; baleing, eighty-five-hun
redths of a mild; sundries, five mills and
ixty-three-hundredthn; total cost of labor,
mur cents, eight mills, and sixty-one hun
redths. The week ending. December 8,
hoiva a cost of four cents, eight millse Ant
These two weeks are about the highest
ieat I noticed among many, and-will ehrw
ou that the company are not losing money,
t least, and I fear that is more than soeni
f those at the North can say dur
ig the present high price of the raw
I am, most respectfull-, &c.
CnIAnrr.s-row, S. C.,
February 15, 150.
THE SUMTE BANNER.
Sumterville, So. Ca.
WEDNESDAT, APRIL 3, 1860.
EICHA RD M. DYSON, Editor.
IT" All buyiness connected with the" BDA.
ra will recive the attenilon ofthe Editor at
is ufece, in the rear of the Court ionse.
j-.Vr' Me-ssrs. A. WHIT & Co., are
gents for the Banner in Statervillo.
CRn.a.ESToN.-Prlice fromn 10 top i1 3.4.
iVs-r eavu..a.-Price. from 9 to. 10 1.2 etl.
Jolaa CaldVell Calluoaa.
Although the advices for some time pa.t
om ValiIngtonm have tended to excite the
ravest apprehlensions. we yet fiid it difficult
realize the sad truth, that Mr. Cainors
as indeed gone fron amongst us-gon;e
-ou tihe public stage, upon which he lis so
mug and so nobly struiggled-goic forever
9iiimI4Ye )fJAJkuga44 -j 11 ta TM n
ountry. Tie loss of sneh, a itan at any
tme W(1nh4 lbhe the leatv1ut-iest Calaiity to the
1tud; bitt at such a juinctur as thi.s, who cin
stimate it ? Shrall we speak of himk as a
ait I lli.s whole lif, has coifessedly been
ti illustration of the highest inoril princi
los. Shall we speak of himk as a States
ni 7 The world has paid hin honinge.
hall wn speak of himn a a Patriot I lie
ildoin tad ho loved his country, Int thei
1:its of the tree beinr tesimnony Of iLs na
ire. Iis unrivalled doence of the Consti
ition of his Country fit all triala and all
iznrd.+-his untiring eil.brts to inaiitain it
i its integrity-his unwavering uttachament
it to the list mtoment of his life-the en
re dedication of the splendid abilities, with
bich Providence blwsd him, i a eyery
ntion which he filled, to the best interests
that Country. proclim beyond Ittestiet
ut hao adored ite-not inded blindip.1ut
lit When ih'ing.-bis life-service wan'.
t n h
err afier the einilted sino'dard, w cle to
rer aet before him. Freemen every wheru
:morerd himt-his light burnt ot ini Freoct
en's se'rvice, anid his tonguo gre w munie
:,fece of that, whici-&qaattef M~g
ocatans l bfLti -lie sleep~s foarever. .Ilis
ative State will imourn for him--the .Armo
Ut j'Cple will mourn for htiam-the vota
' ruedoaamtnevely plime will miournt
>r hiat, the'ir noblesmt chtmmpgg.
1-i' We take occasion to re'mind thm
eeple of Claremont that a public meetinag
ill be held in the Court House on Mont
ay the 8th inst, being the' firt day of
ouart, for the purpose of appoinitinig Dole
ates to meet in Camden the 1st., Monday
fMay. there to select, in conjunction with
ac D~elegate's fronm othier parts of the Con.
ressional Dist rict, two Representativer
the Nashville Convention. The day
;a fixed ott the 8'hm, inst., for the conve
icnce of the people. It is ho~ped that the
ublic will take an interest in the matter
tud turn out on that occausioun.
WVe call the attention of the citizens of
:larendon also to the notice of their Repre
enaives, appointing a day for the samd
The cold rain of Saturday the 30th Mardi
nterfered seriously with the performance of
heo day. The Regiment formed in front of
he Court I louse, where an inspection of
tirms took plaice, it was thmen mtarchted out
>n the field, whiere after passinag ini review,
was dismaissed. TIhue SitmterJi Bra da
'nlivenedl them ccenmsion rand 'as raw na tihe dast
was, the imany carria ges in line attested the
aterest of' the ladies, and their readline~.s
o sharoa the fate of their husbands aind broth
'rs in all seasons. Their presence is better
hait music anid ite lig~ht from their eye:
no~re gonial titan the rays of the Stim. Thel
loutminandel.r-in-Chiet wats ntt ini attendance,
awing as we u nderstooid, to indiisposition.
A~t Siminitg Pens on the TIhtursday pre
seding, the dayv, though un ipromaisinig, waaa
ietter. Oni bth Ocenstins the turn out wm
ntrong and by both Riegimients wore thc
wolutionis so porformued as to reficet credita.
aly upona bo~th officers atnd privates. WVhen
wer thoe signal is given, they will fly to meei
het tido ot battle.
EHj" Our thanks to the lion. Mr. WVoon.
asnia tor valurable dlocuttmnts.
T'hae Siouth~ern Quiarte'rly Reniew is nou
ni the hanmds of MeIssrs. RI acit Ann.'s & W ar.x.
R. These enterprising publishers lmve Ia,
ore~d and done much in their way for thie
improvement nda pleasure of the public..
Theii editorial epartrment conititnues itt the
iharge- of Gri.mInE Sr~mijs, lag. It deserves
mdui we trust it will receive the inlcreatsini
oitronage of the pulic.
T 'he .Southlern iiterary Messengr.---Tlh.
Niarch No. of this admirable monithly sus
ains well its former standing. It Is too wvel
known to require our commnendaution. Wi
nan only bespeak for it the continued favo:
rder akliw eedige
Mr. Editor: As ito time approaches.for
electing delegates from this County to tlre
Congressional Convention soon to assemble
in Canulen, who in turn tire to elect two
Delegates tp'the Natioval Co'nynti J' peJr
nit me:through tie colmims of the. "Ban.
ner" to call the attention of the ci:izens of
Cirem-rit to Capt. 1". SUMTER, Dr. Jot
E. Dr.sINS, S~AL. SMAvnrv, EAJ., and
Col. Wui..u NETTJ.ES, US cmninenatly Woll
qualified to met in consulttioi and delibuer
ation the very able Dlegntes appointed in
the other Districts to hold thi.-i Convention.
These gentlemen from their well known
and long 'etnblished 6hiltyuiand their cenphi:
ty to judge of "men and meaures," I re
gardl as one of the bmt selections that could
be made from our County, whilst their devo:
ion to the interests of the District and of
the Country will yield to none. Their Geo
graphical position in the District too should
hnvo soto weight; Mr. 'MAYAN-r repre
uting Stuntervillo and its vicinity, Col.
NETTJ.Fs, that portion of o)ur County South
west of the Court House, Capt. Suinr1Tzu
the Statesburgh, Providence and Spring
Ilill section where his interest lics. and Dr.
DE.S.r, the Salemus. Such a sWection in
suro woul'd satisfy the people from Ker
slhnw to the Clarendon line on
Salem, Murch 28thi, 1850.
To tie Citizemn of Clareuten.
The citizens of Clarendon nre requested
to meet tt Mir. S.vit. IlAtvix's on Saturtlhv
the 20th of April, to select three Delegate-s
to represent them in Congres.ioial Ccnveun
tion to meet in (onden on the first Moldav
Muv next, for thd purpoac of clecing two
lDelegnues to the Nashville Convention.
J. L.. MANNlIc;,
.1. J. 3lN NR ,
March 2Xth. 1850.
The nitttion of thC cilizents o1f Suer
is ealltld to the foict that Mr. C. 1). Jorypj ,
intends remaininglhere only until tho end'0
the week, his engagements reqtifing PT;
presence in Charleston by the Iflth. It is
schloin sich aen oppoortuiy as the one now
onfi-red presents itself and advaniage shmtid
be immedi;tely:ken of it, especial!y whenl
-Mch imhceshents as are olyored by Mr. 11
am superad-I..d We can vonch for tlel
accuracy of .1r. B's. pictumes nd feel a.
sured that all who have given him a trial
will agree with us in pronouncing him:.
chef d' enrre in the irofession. We ca,
only add, call and look at-his specimIits amt
you will be well repaid for your trouble.
REPORTED FOU TIMC CHARLEtI t
noQX expire'd alt half-p. seven
a rJJ T a r - L .
men( Ii 4a enga i
ing. ie remarked that he wats fast ging.
Mr, Venabloeand otheris were in ttendancet
at LG ie-lidc innagnediately. Mr Calhoun
tablL ,!d.ually, an~d dijed eonundv und comt
psedf,~ref~ni"^inAnftif full pos
-.Nonaa at his fuenk Iies. lio s.jatt little',
unu after lhis speech tfailed, li '
bay thec hand. rTe face ia perfectly lifea-like
and Clatrk liills, at the tio I left,1ais ta
king a cast from it.
TlU.I~ronE, 31archt 29-ta p. an.
New York M~arlw-t. March 29.
To-day, 2000 bxales Cotton sold, at ptrices
which esntablisheda nan entire recoverv fron2
ahe decline whuich followed the reception oil
thea Niagarn's advices, and the market cloned|
finmnly. Uplandl, quoted at ii 3-1; 31iddlinp
Oirleaan 12 1-8, as oautsiade prices. Fz.oui:
is unchaangedl. Cons is improving. Rice
steady. T'onIacco is aciv-the week's
nmeouant to 1100 bhnds. Giovermunent Stocks
are drooping. Exett~tNG Fon England 8 1-2.
Theu Boston Trial.
The testimony in WEBnSTER's defence|
closted to-daay. Several of the witanesses
tostitied to having soon l'AuKatax on the dnay
of the murder, and afler the time of the al
Foote and Benton.
The difficulhy betwen these Senators re
1)Ar.TronF., March 31.
New York Ma kets.
The ale~s of Cotton, yestenlay,-reached
:3001) bales, and the market. closed tirmi, at
F'riday'sa prices. Thle transactions for thec
week amount to 11,000 bales.
Ric..-The market lhes been quiet
thronghout the week, which closed at prices
ruling from 3 1-4 to $3 1-2. Sales only
7001 tuerees. TIhec Corn maarket is irmn; 30(
-hnhds. New-Orleatns alolastses sold at 26 und
~27c. Gbovernent Stocks are' firmert Ex.
change on England is quoted att 8 1--. lpe
Mr. Calhoun's Death.
The news of 31r. CAi~.norx's death has
reachecd Ilahtimoare, and has produced a mel
ancholy sen-atiaon thnrouaghout our cotmhmuni
ty amonag aill classes of citizins.
D~r. Websater fou nd ti uit.
The Jurxy, in thne trial of Dr. MVjusri..
for the allegedl murdenr of Dr. P'Anx3ta5, a
Boston, returned into Court, on Natunho
inight, at 11l o'clock, a fter thnree hoturs conl
sideration, with a verdict against Wrs~nsm
of murd-ter in the drst degree. ie made a
SpcChI, ua!d aller the verdict was aunouneda
fanined. ie wva- rano~ded to jail to awai
N Ew-OLANt.as March 20--1 A. Si.
Yeterda~y, 4000 bales Cotton sold at
steady p)rices. Good Middling quoteda
111.14: Fair 11 7.3 a 12.
A large and dlestrutt~ive tire originate
yesterday morning, in the tri-angulat
buildings, near the Levee, which resulte
in the destruction ouf the Ihnes, a Bakera
-and nine other buildinga. The shipping I
the vicimity were in amnichi danger, but fot
tunately the Ilamnes were preventedl frar
.comnmunicatiung to them. The total los
is estimated at 90,000 dollars, on whic
there is but partial insuarance.
N sw-OateAins, Mahrch 30-94A5 P. M.
Yesterday, there were 4000 hutles Cco
ton sold, and to-day, 6000 bales have ben
dsvposaed of. The totalsahes-of tho~wee
rgach 24,000 bale., and at very full a*
*rhe receintasi.r afi zl ranistiv fallinj
ton, ha red from t #is pdrt.
PR IVATE DT SPA'IyJ.
A telegraphic dispatch' from Aitu
received at 2 oclock, 20 ?uinute', t
urday, states that tie Cottion snaretw
p the advance. and that fair quality a
uqted at 12 cents.
of which we gove some notice in ad dedi,*'
has just been isategl frwannlb VWr
Ntxox, ofrthis city. ti i.very peatln'
ted, rnl its literary execution f16 enms.
tains the reputationapreviously acquued
its author as a port of great merit.
are gratified that a fork ao Opke($U e 0,
hould have emaiated from our midst
We have read several '
hiiv Te'i feansed ie ie hii hhera tn
they exhibit--With the p4th. 'or, him
plicity nid elegance o' tho' e e and the
euney flow of the . versiiecationl. We h
their gifted authermy lie ncouredb
the favorable consid;A. tiefi extended t4Ig:1
work, to enter more lareiy into the fiek'
of authorship, and to 've zo the publW#
from time to time, additional proofs ofther
genius. We notice, with muih peasti - *O M
that she is to be asociated Wift. .W
AKER ill tile editorial nan menL rJ
Monthly Magazine he is alout toestabIlsh,
and doubt not that her high eido*nmenti
will contribute minch loIts useftlinesu, suc
cess and popularity.
Reported fur the Baltimore Simn.
31st. Congress-First iession*
WASnINGTON, March 2.5, 1bO.
s EN' .
hIr. ?eward presented a petiti .t "froh
citiren of Albiny, New York, pr ngtha4kJ
in any bill which mnay pass as to fuyt'iv
slaves, a clause be inserted from ' utoro..
iiomv: "Thou shalt not deliver t r-ant
who escapeth to thee, but koeegWL I in thy.
Mr. Webster made an explanation as to
the hand bill circulated here, purporting to
be an attempt to show that his (M r. Web
ster's) views were different in ,1&-8 from
what they were in 1. T).e autho, 1e
showed, was either ignorant or uncandid.
1r. liale rcmiarked. lhal. lie..considered
that there was an inconsistency betwveen
Mr. Webster's present and former views,
aii therefore, the hororable Senator was
conplimieited by the Union.
"veral petitions were presented.
ir. ouglass,: from.the Committee on
Territurir-ported a bill tq establish the
Territories o(Utah and New Alexico, -'nd
reduce the hoidXaiOf Texas. OMerdd
to be printed. -
The Senate then plPedd to the C -
sideration of the motit-fta refq the,
dent's message a the a cc o nyi
of the Constiteah of Cali rnis,
C.onnniittee on Te'I'rritdirie~e witho ih."
tions to report ill for herdi
to the Union. N
Mr. Hunter said t , like othert who
had ireceded him. he u t J
ject, diseubb, all the quesuo involved in
dispute betwntuJle North.a oth
thougl it, .hould. be .
ow a4ht the poei sther.. ,
ud agh~ioa~indw a 11 6u1tiI
Ohi in the face, thatO I t -
p"S081 what was toW t
the di4l, and if no such reu') w y
teach migbt prepa f mo. _
therbybe wagoneid conf:d ,
last they would g..irt altoge;
should be a permanent settleriien'j
was a party in the country and in'~
who wecrc disposed to interfere with g
sti'utions of slave'y in the States '?
Inrthe miidst of the kind feelig which
tionary strnggica the ordinanc6. 17 7,
idopted. ? xt in the groat Missour. stnrxg..
gte th~e contest on the slavery questin
comimenced, and has conltin ued ever siunce .
At that time the admission of slave Sta~tes
was resisted. Mr. Rufus Kmng then took
the g-round that slavery was not recognized
by the Constitution; that Congress had the
p~ower to abolish slavery in forts and dock
yards, thereby convert ntn those places,
though they might be in Usie heart of the
slave States, inito hot-beds of abolition.
Hie then gave the listory of the great
increase of agitation otn ibis subject by
Congress, in admitt ing A bolition~ petitions,
which now were received in bo0th houses.
Were not these petitions* he asked, more
danigesous to the Union thaKo petitions for
the dissolution of the Union i Thp .first
were reccived and referred; the Iatter were
dierided and rejected, as the efliisions of
madmen. In the llouse ai resoluti6n-ias
at one time nearly pasbed, which provided
for the abolition of the slave trade in the
l~strict. of Columbia, whbich, if' passed,
would have abolished slavery here altogeth
er. Another resolution, which received
the votes of neatrly all the reprebentrtives
of the free States, provided that inghis
[District the slave should-have the right to
v'ote on the question of his own freedomn.
F'rom all this ho deduced that the South
had( tiouch to fear from those who for'the fit.
ture were to rule the destinies of tl~e na
As another evidence that the south had
no0 security, in the history of the past, for
constitutionial protection, when the North
shual have suprenme control of Congress.
lie repeated the history of the legislation
anid actinn of the free States to defeat the
- xecutioni of the pirovision of the Cogatitu
tion relative to the recapture of ti'itive.
11c alluded to the favt that the southern
States might he driven to the levying of
Taxe~s uponm the ships and manufactures of
the Northern States.
lie stated the circumstancea .attending
the loss of the slave property on board the
-Creole. which waus run it one 'of tho
:tiritish West India islands, andl became
Swholly lost unto the owners; and to the
. proceediny. attenxding the crte of the Amni
i d, andh the total failure on the part of the
Unmted States, to assert and mnainutain the
rightis of solave property, all as showing
mhat slave property had become 'the tbject
df the most unreleting and dotermilued
tihostility to the northern States. WVhatrhad4
luchy to expect in the futiire, when the free
States shall st and two to one 'in the Nas
tional Legislature I
i lie maintained the ground of the eq~ahk
r ! y of the States, and-that nvetry Statebeing
I eqiual as a tnember of the Confederaicy, was
eentitled to att equal participation tmh the
n common Territory of the Unic*. 1But- If
thme powecr be in Congress to'exclude 6py of
ax lhe States, how dliroct wans the irtmion
:uad eitet of such exclusion. lEvery man
h kno'ws that if the Stajes w'eore indepenident
nat~hia, and counfcderated for the war, 4h
each would have an equal right in the co
quests. But being denied thia right becau
t hey tvere in theC Uiari, hoW forcibleiv
.the fact that if they'\vte nejte f
n their righte~would not y'iavdoj.
Ito e tt~ta ~ bofthepeople to cad.
/ oy teU