Newspaper Page Text
- nterville, So. Ca.
IRICHARDSON, - ' a
W2F. B. HAYNSWORTH, EntTous.
WEDNESDAY, IAY 14, 1851.
7" ssrs. A. WHITE & Co., are r
Agents for the lanner in Sumterville. V
Te Market. d
-CoTToN.-Tho Cotton market in Char- t
lebton was quiet on Saturday lust. Sales i
700 bales at about previous prices. The i
transactions were at extremes ranging from c
7 to 10 3-4. Fair quality 10 1-8c. t
-Vo feel assured that no apology need be i
made to our readers for the space which I
we havo devoted in this number to the va
rious proceedings of the Convention. No I
.subject. connected with our weil.heing as a
people, can at this day so fully claim the in
lerest of Carolinians as that which his
teen deliberated upon by this Convention.
It is not a question the ,'eision of whirl
will temporarily aiflect the State, which will
merely advance or retard her in her coursei
of prosperity ; but it is one of liberty, of
honor, of existence; for without hherty,
auch as we have been nectstome-1 to and
as the character of our people entities them
tp enjoy, without. that honor which from the
beginnng has belonged to Soith 'arolina, of
ever naintainin.g the r;ght, oft: posinr the
wrong, of being an inferior and a subject to
no power, without these what would he e.
istence to us? What Carolinian would prize
it? And yet, without fault of our own,
these worse than dangers seem before us in
our path. What was our creature now
threatens to be our master. Constituted as
the safeguard of our liberties, the General
Government is now the chief source of
danger to them. Liberty is but the assur
ed enjoyment of our rights and one of the
highest of these is that of property. It is one
of the chief objects for the institution of
government, and it requires no political ed
ucation to say that that government is
worthless which does not secure to its citi
zens the possession and enjoyment of what
they honestly own, and that that is a despot
ism which Lakes it away frotn them, or
which, permitting them 'o be nominal own
ers, assumes the power of disposing of it.
Now what part has South Carolina beet
permitted to take in the use. management
and disposal of our vast Western posses
sions ? To whom did they belong but to the
States I but this State has not been permit
led to use or manage any part of them ; she
has been ridiculed and denounced because
sale clainted that she owned a share in them,
and the General Government has disposed
of them, not only n, ithout consulting her
wishes but in drect oppositi-on to those
wshes. U1ere its a gigantic spoliation, a
roAting from. us of cur property upon a
66t' 404 our own Government. Does it
y . ofgvernment, is to be our
status in this Union. We are the weaker
party; the Northern majority is groxving
daily, and with accessions of power, will it
become more scrupulous in the use of that
power ? But it is degradation enopght for
Carolintiants to lbe at the tnerc e c a mnajority
to feel that, after all that has beeni takt n
from them, t hey owvn more thani a hunm
dred millions of dollars worth of slave promp.
erty only so long as a Northern anti-slavery
majority shall accord themi permission.-.
Te North has not yet bent her eniergies to
the work she thas set before hier ,she~ is nn
decided as yet whether. having restricted
is extension, site shall permit slavery to
continue and grow w ithiin thiose conitined
limits until it shall stifle itself for wanat of
room, or wvhether she shall at once legi-late
* ~ its extinction. Mes.'rs. Cr~AY and WVin.
STER and others may keep el' the hitter
dootm during the~ few years they have to
live ; though that is donht fiul, for Mas-a.
chuszetiF. by elccting SU.MNF.R, has repudiia
ted Wrus raun; but the~ formetr lingerimng,
death is fixedl andm certain. While we lix
Northern nianutfactutrers, :oait raeturs, o:iiw0
holders anil tht myriad of other hiarpiew, u ill
u ~ be fattened on our snubtancea:w federal tax
at ion will with Sout her inovy teami~t y.
Improve and develope all the re.sources -imd~
st rongth of the North, and1: iild ebIi ps anid
raise armies aind provide mution of war ii
to repress revolts in thie Smuatherni prinm.
ces. Cuba's condiit will he ours while
we are permitted to hold our slaves ; after
that wve have to contiemplt~ate the condition
of St. Domingo or Jamaica ias our dlestinty.
There are but few iindividuals ini tIs State
wh~1lo not see these dangers impending
over: us; and the maijorit y of these feel titus
seco5 shuiphy because, patriotic and loyal
themselves, thteyp:annot but believe that ihe
-Northern people wilI ret urn to justice niid
fraternal feeling.gEvery aggression they
thp~ik wVi be thte last ; though every zig
gression ii tused as a precedent for thme ex
nection -of a.still more uinrightots claimi
With ifmbso exceptions .ottr peoplo are of
pie mind ; they tool thi~s Unioun to be the
iog datgrog enemy they have; thatt
they #i6ve not segivth in time whole world,
oiut of it, tb fetith inled that it in;3 made
encroach. st.*d e nroachtmonit upotn
thdirij nrithtat, wvhile theoy are united
- hild-iflortht, tidir destiniceas a people
gr~ ro ot hi their own hands. Affd thiat we
se ogr dangers js a reason to belidaeo that
ve shill bo delivered.; for Gqd blindis those
whiom ho wlishes todstroy This State.
ny be nib fo be unaniinou. in tlin determ
1131f, as there it. no hope of security itt
ihqUnigp l o go olitof it. Te C.Ay rftiov
tdns been, howv shall~ta but arccmi.
htat purpoiks we ht o in view;,
fr lai wait for co. biration or tht
* -at tesiedn
tication of her existence and her honor'
Fithitheir own, the judgments of some, and of
mntIg then seme whom this State has do- a
ghted to honor, and whose opinions aho 11
Iwayis will respect. have influenced them
) oppose what they deem precipitancy of re
ction. And it may ho well for us that w ;I
ave prudent coimisellors to show us ull thet
osponsibilities and ditlcuhlies of the issue A
o are abmt to inako and to advise! us
gainst rashness and precipitancy. But no
angyers are, we conneive, to bo compared
those which would result frotn thist divis
-n of opinion producing a divisioi of feeling,
iflaning itself into party spirit and arraynirg
ne body of our citizens aga inst another to
le neglect of resistance to the cotntnon en
,ily. We aro all brothers in hiistory aind
n smvinpathies, and it) contintie free iand hatp
iy We must remain united in fecling, hoIw(%%
ver our opinions aiy difTer. It was to
revenlt a disastrous Uivisioit amon oInl. ill
:e Ives, to Irion izo conflicitng opt inl ,ins by
rat ernal colsulhation and dev ise some md 104.
n which nil couhl tinite, of efl'eting h 01b
ot whiebl was coulinonl to Ill!, tiat thi; I
.onvention aiseIbledh. And it is a irighbt
tiiury for our caus, thit that tnecting wa
tndeed a consttation of brot hers, t-i wir
tes I ild dccortni initred every ac! th:i
>trioti.ni ieemd o be the o:.!y inme, l'
ind Ibat, under the'se illibine ' I:now:
m11d ab1noii1ut uttmanimitV wIs bi o:irnht Io:!, as
o tle principles involvel ani ihe purp soS
bIo ('helheteil, tlouigh ti policy of on orI
aInother course va not eq-tily :apiarent to
i'; am iimay we iit hIop, hiat every 4n1 If
1uS, it Iui.: jndgmriit silotild lnot concur in the!
vie!-ws. expressed byI tht' ma1.ority, w i trive t
his li.hearty assent to lite r-solution su1iiied
by the miiorily of ithe Contnitte. aid abide
by lh action of thtie Conve'iton of tIhl Peo- I
ple of South C:trolina, whatver th:t !all I
The SIe Iigh's Ilepublican of S itir.
day contains thec farewell hi: to his re:aldr,
by A L.:XA NiF.II CA: f!!)o1.. hEsq , for mi -I
tiine past associated with 'M r. I. C. MoI A f
in tile editoritl conduiit if' that journal and
of the laimello State Blanner.
Though acquaiinted wit this i gentl iainC
only throgli I lie colutnns oef th _- pap ers lie
hirts so ably coniCted, yet so inuch halve w:
heen impressed wilt li,, hmolesty 1aid 1wor
thness of purpose, With is d -votion to Is
adopted State atnd with is ability as at ad.
vocati and champion of tlioe princip!'s
whichi he deemed condinive to her grreat -
nies., that it is with sincere regret t th:mt we
receive his adieu, and our bent wishcs go
with him intoil his retirement.
Ti I NArIOsNu. N1hDPAl. Cosvi:N-rios.
This distingtuished body, after an interestii
session of some days lin Chairleston, ad
journed oi Friday last to meet iii It citit ihd,
Va., on the first Tuesdav in Mly next.
Proceedfl a of the Convention.
The following is a col,*. sed ltatpeutent.
On the evening of Monday the 5th itre
the Military Ihall:-M . . .ri
ganized themselves by cleet ;ng Ex-Gov.~
Jotns P. RICiiAltDsoN f'resadent, lN-'x.(
1W. 13. SEAnltooxf, hion. .lttN S. Asin
lion. N. L.. G(ris, lIon. 11. K lI t:\.i:
Pre'sidett andi .\lesrs. We~. I I. Un.-m:1.t.,i
frini Geora hadn arrived in tie (Itv , :
Conoitattce wals appoii:id tierice1:1 . , in
aiicl :asstgi then't seamts 11n the ilit o t hie
foir tfhe fovliini 1, mu' tb (l3\ :I! 'It
toi obtajin the serv.ce1 L't In--ere 1 ''n!.
L'i. Aller praiyen byv lie. .\Ir. icnm r.
ithe Coveio:! :1 A u ,e..1: .t.
cHac heita it:'ol wa *.* ni Iwl 1.r
deeg s pie:d1~ , ited th i-.s R.1e 1
Iirdemd rlwerellb teibl . tI...
wrs thncapoi:t. d ~cr ~t.~i dill -rea Il
thletiet i the oll :it.. Ir' . ,r : -
wast' t len sgll,h h u i Ii L..':I u l
It~are Caiilftrward,' odeed 1(1 tle ;m
ie ilt iilllint' Cit i : I i t ! t li' r.
'its and CIIhin.,i tu LC ni h e ;r -ilil1j I m
in'thr olt :tt, motih in.-- i irnth- :V
tils anid Inalli te fp cly Ife kr 1,,.or i h. nei' i
. liegt frnt Aiir. -toi, onha ittiIC i r the *
n'inity .ho w ornne ft:n.
uhmited he ollow in:: r pIr
The ndesgue, :e n:nor17 f t
omlrtteeof Tentynin' d - a a
bey re onsr~nnd t do her th o t.
the najoity of t e ('lan itee . i
J.eate from AndeSonIJ, amnddr. al
kntp.adGI DE L nTEltu ho(h ii. i i
p Cotmmlittee, adressed the Conivention Ili
length in its suippert. -. t
e was followed by It. A. GANTT HEsq.
Darnwell nnd Gen J. II. ADAntS of
chiand, on tie meno side and Ilon. A. P.
ITEIt-und Hlon. James L. Omt, in op.
vition. After recess the discussion was
snmed by 1lon W. F. Cor.cocK in support
d Hon. R. W. BAunwr.LJ. in opps0ition
tle recomninendatior s of the Corninitten.
fer adoptiing it resoltition to close the
hate and take the vote at 9 o'clock on
bursday eveninig, the Coivention adjourn
The session on Thursday normning wis
>encid and prayer was ofTered by Rev. Dr.
i .MtA N.
Col. Estran, from tihe Cnommittee of 41,
ihmitted thIe# followitng additiomnal report
inn tie Connittee which was laid On
The Coltnmitlte of Twetitynce hleg
a :o10 rert, 1ha0. th' lnve coSidered
i ibie'ct of tihe be.4t unnole of prinviing
.r tisth inore perteet nid eflicioint orga nizi
oni onf ti Swmhorn it.hIts Aw-oriatiiis
S ith..trohmna, ..nl respectfully reron
"in. thn" le'1hpntl (it til follo% nwning reso
it :,n.. ns approepriate for that Imirpoe 1 .
R.,r-ne th -e resolut.ins. it ndition
> ihiOw.; ;dr:tav reportei, mns (inbiacing
i that i., a' p -en-t I (nee srv, 1.r tine
0tin e ti inetiu, tihe Cniniittee rnes
'ttinily :n-k to it, dwIrar,,evd fron tih
it:henr conw ir:ntin of tIho varnnuns propo.
timn., retfrrredi It) Ilt m.
A.'~ -l That t is tero 't ingr of 1I)ele.
ato i ro.ni the i)intriet A~ssciatiimns. doe
*nV s nn itnelf into a cen-ral nSuthrnn
inh -s - i tion of th' cw:;ete of ounth
ar jna, prerviing it:, (rg-tizat.on under
'. Ie- l 'd, 'in:t the Cn.tral S itiern
Nht As,- ifill t it ihe State er South.
iroln-i n. <il) cnsi.$t i-rentter of DeleW nes
lipointed lv i evera' Imtrict Associa
inn, inn tine prio;riot of l .ic. ;s 1ean y
as ti': numier nI Senators ani'd
-re'n!t-iveA Inn wihch ealch election
Ystrwt is entinled; and th:it it meet s4ini
limn 1:1Y, It much pla.es I lt iy be de glna
d by thev pre'sidi hng oflicer: tihIe, present
)eb . ((it) innnineg inn biers, tint i a nitw
ppn.:.tn-nt ly the ieveral D.trict Anso
:1. Rev'led. That a Centril Committne
:r the S'itin'rn liinht Associ:ntions oft
'u1th Carins h. appointned by tine Presi
enn o' iis lin -ly, to conisist of nille ilIe-111
r - n,w idity it .s ll ein, bli corresnnn.
nne',by l uibb-in aii cnd irculatilng Soinali
nrntin''ils, and b . all imper nnans, to pro.
nnn. lit cnmnn in I canir-; a1r11 11tn 1L t: it anv
nnim!r W' any l).tritnAsociatin inn tIlhe
:t iin:i lie e'hle is ai m:nber of tine
i (-itoni: Ie .
-1. leo .idi/, 'I'lat tie Central Committee
)0 a;nninoriz': ti appolint a Smcretary tnid
Tre.srir. ad toi take all suc insurs
n1:y bo pimper to pr vide Ior all i
l.A. P. .%::, then anliressed Ihn!
.'toniveltioln in oppo1 :tin to tine lirst recomC.
nitiins nif tinhe Cnmitee. lIe was fol
ved oi nn ie other side by I:-(Gv. 8
l:qos, lion. J. A. Iln..cs, of Richland, Mr.
l1 nAr:, Eaditor (f the C'h-irlotte N. C.
litrnetl's NeA S and True South!)nroin' whom
v:s a delcgate from the York and Indiani
,indi4 Asmociatioi, by Mr. J. B. bMcCAa.,. of
iried and by Cd!. Gpady i gen
liniuinority re'pir:. was reijcted anid tine
ieti. I cante up~ n Ine A\nireins anne Rtea
nuininuns iordgnally rier:ed ubih U'vC
iintiopt, thne Add-e :aal tine econd atni
hird lieidt ions un:tinnousy :nni tine irst
m fI ur:h ui 'h hiolnt few di.sse:ntienlt vtnier.n.
Theni futhelr ri'port if tihe Comtniltee~ of
.\tr tile pai~tw::r of Re-ohuins oif
bankc; :n:!I c 'tn'l::zcent the. (.n~Citenton a-l
A We'tide'ful Pojecot
The( /.' ('. i, r 't it s on i the autthine v
int h r in a n' I met is et atn
tIetnr s 'the t'rn i f \-enii i ! '
I' Cr t1 . r. t h \ nts' u. n be.
h Ie ' ni -. Ten p!.i,. in re
r '1at . i br ii n-!t ir in iro
toI thI i I ir ir . t iC i exp neo' h
- *a in in dn fdo r ,- l
Iih th- i . t tr t v t.' ii
I e tiC :.i l'h-: Ct bC ten t.I
An..- - i r o i i:,n .mi ~r
n' :lv '. 'iru'a h n p-;.t
ih i. i -' ti' c. ii-: tine : el! g inyn.
lin . i.- -~ h i &.i C. niit non ie n tiii) ; fir
r : h.ei tte ' p rin ni rvInto 'r a rIn .it
r u . uw~l itn-r ie heti a t lt' ~i
m.:C the di i J'arance i f ti e greati'.t n:;. h
.\r Ie-- Int~ 'un mi r o h
'ii I tI ' ittiiii r. ii rii* iI.,i,.ti ,, .;g ,1
-i n ' tir, i-ln-: tl tilt ill b ih in. ', I it ,
,ii iiit in' :-niri.~ ' ;I- n t lieimnglo n!ufi
I tos, 'C nn 'n rl the i lio \\m.inr .
.tiI v r . -%''nit ii i:'ni. urn? ' -'in-v it
Wenn bpl inii d I i hel' 1 umantine
haii~ /t.-I/n - w nnth c nin neer ietmmn mo
ile u1i inof hm y..in mnge on te .\ n.-a
Resolutions d Address reported by p
the Conmi a of twenty-one and Y
adopte' the Convention.
Col. Maxc G'tg, from the Committee
of twonty-on sstiumitted the subjoined res
olutions and Idress. which on motion of
Gen. Adais, ero inmdeti( the special order
of the slny for Vedinesiay morning.
1. Resolre'd. That in tile opinion of this
meeting the Stato of South Carolina enn
inot stubmit to t)e wrongs andi aggressinis
which have betn perpetrated bly the Fed.
oral Goverrmnent and the Northern States,
without (idrnor and ruin; ani that it is
necessary tn relieve herself thororctn.
whether with or without co-operation of
2. Resoiol, That concert of action with
one or more of our sister States of the
Southi, whebier through the proposed
Suithern Cingress, or in any other man
ier, is ati obiet worth niany sacrifices, but
not the sacrcmivivvcd in submission.
3. lexlr 1, ''liat we holi the right of
s'wesAioi i to essential to the sovereignty
aist ftrecdrmof the States of this Conledhe
rac-y: and th-t Ihe desinial of that right would
utiroishls to ni.injured Stato the strongest,
adilitiinn i enu ste foir its exercise.
4.. Rextsora That thsis meeting lonks
with confidean it hope to tile Convention
of tlt pe'oplse, oi exe'rt tile sovereign pow
ers of I Ie Sta! in the defence of its righsi,
at thei earlisst tratctil period, ani itn the
inost el'etial iann r: and to thw Legi'a.
Itre ito adop4slit 11h, iist sIed'Iy a ndt etTect ual
::wasutres towarI'The same end.
From the Dreitles of the Smithern Rights
A .itins ,f Noth ('uarolinha, as.sem-s
h, d ini ('ihar/io, to Mhe Soithern Rights
A se iation:f the Noutherns Nitates.
i1aving uie, to take c'insel togmthrr,
and1 hamviig neitd upson the course which
e ibitik it is fight and nere.-sarv to pir
st'. We wish h lay befocre you Ilithe cnsidh
erations by with we have been gavereel,
with tiat. fl-aniciess whichi otir respect for
YOU, and1l our 'esire to merit your good
We re'ard ie position of the Southern
States itn thits Confederne y as degradsed anId
ritinus. Themanifest itodcy of tsos'
soystnr.tic nressions which they have
nflbvrmd fir tim ity vars Isft, s is;to iubvert
t he iistiiti of .avery. Iftt hose acts
hostile omin naints whicii have been reiner.
eil nore instultina by tmorckery sof l:niguatsge,
us nd'er thle tern, of csrnlpronises, wilre fioat
itn thir natusre dit were iot so be followed'
iv anv further aggressions. we would still
regari thm as outragi-, to which ssver
'iit Stuass. ;.os-es-ing tie spirit of free
do:n. iur'ht never to submit. lit Ishso
ss'asires itily forn part si' n sVstCm1, grasd
umally coomtnenced, stetsily carrie] :Orwardl,
ithint stresngtit frni developnent, anil
irceeding with fatal momentut to its cnd.
''lhat en is the nOwititon of negro slavery
iii the Southern States, and the lowerin of
tie tree white )opulation of time Suth to,
lie s:ame level with that agrarian rabble.
wic'h al realy stroiy and langerotis, seeins
dest' inted hefosre very lig tot lie the control
Iing power the Nortnern States. We
se' no rein ;-n6ino safety for the Sith
iii te prese U i on. But we know list
in this we sdsios'r foi 's very imany citizens of
io sither So i-Ihern ,States, spritedi and in
telligeut, 1. .idt 1119 sasne interests, and
01itlring utihs-r ii' stiie wrongs with our.
n fels, .nd 'ebse'rish the hope that the
rrghts of the 'Se.Pz mny be vindicatel tin
secureil wih'. 4 dissolving the existing
.Confedierac', 4'difference it doe no;
J ,'" .' atzns of Souith Carolitna,
a' tsre this pecJf ::-imy cfI political *mi"~!on,
ari-in' fromi patst Ovemfe ttuindere2d a cer
ti tnsrewre, on the'ir part, p~rudenmt ands
prope~s r. hs:l've st udissusl y av~oidled e'setivthing
whch inight looki ike a.esming thi' load.
int the dlefenes osf Snouthernti igh s. T1heyv
de.i red tos nest, becauseo ti.,ey believed that
Isafty arid honomsr r'giired, tieliosi; bhit theyt
Spl hishV rsii,gh1t fid legders in othier
Sttess whomis' they isight l'lidv. in dlefenceo
of Thes- e'.imniontis cnseu. 'Whens~ the nsuaciet't
coniiionIwe'Ah oft \'rgirij''.raNpro'per :easd
sit ofLL the Noit h. decl.'arJd4&rtelermnis:tion
' : r. :2. at : . i nrtJ. udto die l~ist e.'
5 re, v. h .,tile ui~inIi-E %ten thir('atene.I,
'-sis' Ih t'arhn, wsithi aitrity, itore!~ readys15
to spr irin iia int carry'ing out hser selh
r sr~nin. i~Iv's Wh norgiaa, whtos se formiser
re- ' nsce to il'!'drra!iniirpatiore, undier
h s''er 's lo-stt.''m:rin, Tirssupe,' gav'se prn
i-'' If inii n bs nig~ tirisitiess tin 'sny s'stis't
,' 5-: itt to mi de ai statis tior th' ri.?hrT
ia h- ac---Notsith1 t'arahitia rs'jssiiced at
5 '5 prs' 's'st ssf rLlig~' tiiliier thse bassulier
An: uhei thie yosuntg arnd '-i-r, Ess
s'rns i'snv . ter te purpo-~ie oft endsl'ar.
la:.f thin ('.inist iiu tin t nti sr'th s, an.i! ;is
ths '-leune 5 ;l n ' sre r'. mii.r, if 1's-,sh'?s, it,
e sm'I' ~i -. So*uth: t ';sn sirn hs'.srt ?v
in' r ' : 'sthain s uresn, :s1. .be Iv in-- irlr
rim ut i r.s rv~isi ta.t. n so the (s''eii.
lsm -- :s.sib-d t the' i'stance t f.\ssssis.
-.0, i s iss I,,-hte ts'In li.re ,s io s'ro
'nIo. ~'-h s os is s 4te anxibi jstr
si ll prosp'r I. \i st V tss :ss sdThe aptpe~sr:siw-?
s:'.s ~:ss-s sr J5t'tuTisr, tos is? ni s'tncrt
w;hths s'.ti''n, st sothir S'snhssrnt Sts'es,
.. 5t (a ntisht.:i': sep-sr nes!y str pain-~iitly'.
.\ it'now. -':i'n V :ii 'A. h-'sve e'xtirse-s.t
ou b h atii i ihrs, usn hopii foir thes
S ..uh :n i thss e.x -in' slio, we isrt pre-.
mr-ii t a i i!, tos r :iind in gsood taih,
:Is'' ,:'i yj elis pa u Isb-h1 iny bie piros.
* y a - r t"'t s: , f r isbtasinings rs'ures-,
1 I.- t sts. ' - '.- ity (in ths, 'ilire,
II nii b i s las t'o rs't'nah t o pi~~ er
-I 'ts? .5s s'ther :ot heil rn: Si te t
:s is' isa 'p ' ist r.':.f, auni thei n1
t--: ."e s prs'ited l's its of .libists tiiir ors
it..'!j ;;nd illi.s e wi'es h.is isn s. ~ ~
iii . \\ 'e s's:tt t soiain S. sit ti)t
th .t 's 'ths ('.55rabwIi s'ntered' this I*sssss
rs n-' ;s . t ' i'r'igts ,sid ipseii' n~si.s ''~i'
andi thsat hii' nr! been~ 's'rssiged', -he his
th 's'?er 5 ''ht l'to w thdrlaw', trions it. [i'r
'ssi, uinist lsis'i'- ilhs righsstiand Isiset ths
I on~.-sspias';'. Ii nso5fIl- o "her sa t lt jisit
is im t eb ; in.' sn 'eIt's frins thse wssrsszisr
dsrs's!v hsrl cte.', '' s' si'r tn' hotp' its 's-Uingii,
ssr ii -w's i'iirages's, Ti'rs sse's a he~ir -pirst1
wel is'svowid, 'sils sssjis itislime tie ;. htt
wve :eel is, in-sianco that the spsts of' hs'
s'tls I w II r.'? i prospodlion to the inig'in.
.on . In ld Ipos hs 'head.s' An~L it' co)1nta
-y. we s''u tha t thss " South ha~S already horne
xhlat Iit wnbi it fsr a msiimeit have''s sub.s
ints iit ttens 'ssear ago, ind w' tt lihe Norith
'sanhts inotl ti's h ' s sventured'y toi perpetrate.
:seent wdsishnut tsi Isy the e'xperimnent
'. n. ? n'it bo horne o... . ..:..
letely broken - iyrdtiiPlly aid cont4ially 910
ielding to slow and gradual; but unceasing cet
ncroachments. And if the exeielsd6f-the
ight of secession Ja to be foll'wed by the Le
itempt on the part of thle Government of
his Confedetacy to'sibjugate South Caro- Pr
ira, it ia better that we should meet'that
tteipt while we still havo. some spirit and a "
ome power of resistance left. If we are to cia
imhinit to the conditions of a conquered ant
cople, we think it less dishonourabtle not Ytj
o do so until we have first been conqjuered. in
%nd if any thing could add to the necessity my
,vbich we believe exists for a withdrawal Cu
-rotn the present Union, it would be the de- I c
il of th right of secession. For the do- bu
iial of that right indicates, of itself, ex- adi
reme danger. The right of seccesion has wE
tcretotote and in better daye. been regarded att
is unqiluest ionatle. by a!i Southern politi- an
1ians with the exception of an inconsidern- by
Ile number of consolidaftiomnmt. And if ti
ever that right can be denied, without he
erotisinlg the whole Smith to sustain it, the w<
S outh will be ripG for the most miserable vi<
fate which has ever befallen any people.- of
It will then, as a pernmnent sectional minor- Ui
ity, have no defence against the tyranny of piu
a Government combining all fte vices of wt
thei corruptest democracy, and the most op- do
pressive foreign despotism. I I
We know the conseq(uences which will th
follow a failure, in our oflirt to maintain our oli
libherty. We see clearly, that a triumph- nt
ant exertion of the p-ner of tihe Federal otl
Gioverminent. in subjirating a State, will of
vastly increiKe that power. and greatly ac- S
relerate the chtatnge already far advanced, h
of our Fed-rative systeim into a consolihla- Ih
toed vettral despotismt. We see, also, Ihat il
SoithIi. a:iroldina will not sufTer the conae- th
qlnces (if this chiange iilone, but t hat the tI
rest of tle Sorni-rm States must suffer in c
an. equIal degree. Thly wil iave no safe.' p(
Leard -.g:iist tle central Government, Si
s rengthened by crushng opposition, and er
rendered by tritimphait force what our sit
Northern eneies have long been endeav. u
oring to niake it by frauduleit usurpition, el.
Ihi supreme Governmen of a consolidted of
nation. The sovereinty of one Southevrn w
S.ate Ca- not lie destroyed, without the Il
loss of their sovreignty by all the others. p:
Vu are aware of the responsibility of do- t
inag an act whiih may h-isten these conse- ri
(iiiences We fvel tIer( respect which we I:
owe to States having a common interet, 1
thre.aten.eid Iv a canoine dani..cr, . not p
Ciqually perstuaded with ourselvi-s of the ee- d
cessiy of act ion. And no hing cotil induce ji
ts to take, without their concturrence, a it
cotr!e whiclh is to involve thero in its con- a
quentcebs, lut a 'thorough conviction of
the! it.cessity which urges us, and of our i
right to di so. e
Addressitg c'tizens of Southern Stale #1
Sassooiated to tn-lintain the rights of the
Stith, we cannot imagine it to he necems- a
rv to argtuo ahuti the right. of secession.
We hiohl it to hi' the great State rglit, o
witlout which) all others are nttratorv ail o
incapa ble of einilu enforced; and your posi- a
tion avsures ith it your faith catnot lie ia
diflcrent from irs. Nor can we regard it n
as iecessirv.any further, to dictiss the S
wron:j w hich hav' been infli-tel otn thew'
Southern States. They may ie danied by i
those whMi shut their eyes to them; but you C
do it hitong to that ulass. Southern n.d11 1
St ate R1ighits men tmvy difier as to the no
rewity of exercising the right of secession a
at a particitlar time, on account of these C
wrongs; but. as certainly as th right -exist-,
each State must possletS the right of judiv
ing for ler.gSlt, as to the occas:ot anil timei
for its exercitse. lfgouth Carolina decides
tb*hi aor and t e quire herito srde ..
act oftscessein is not normitted to be peace- t
i,- ;t will befrom nsrrtint of powerlby ji
the Fedleral Government, not from the na.
iure of thle act performed~ by Sout:h Caroli- r
na. Accustomecd, an we have beena, to vio-a
lit ions of ttWConstit uti, and Ihe rig'hits
6f the Sounthern States lby the Federatl Gov
ertniteni, we have to loo'k forwardl to the
plrobaihity of another outrace byv that Go -.1
ernmnienrt, in t he aittemnpt to force the State:
to remnain in the! Un.ion. WVe suppose the i
at ettipt wvil Ibe mi:.i"* if thle oilher So'ut herrn a
Se ies prmiit it. These Stat-s niunt dle
cie for thetnueelves whether they wvilI per
tnot it. Situth,. Carolina miutst decide for
herself whet her it is niecessary to secede.
11er sister States oIf the Sothi will harve no
irgIht to) comphiini that shem forces them into V
a poioin, whecre theyv itnist either interpo01e
to pr.?v tnt heer si.hji .ati on. or bty consent
meg to ii, abandon their own Hovere'imniy,
and hav themttseho at. th iIe mercv of a des- 1
pol~~ 'ic~ ixr. Jn seceintg Soiuti: Carolina
w.il s:mph-~ do an act whiiche al Souther'.
mten,. whi e hore ini thIe eistence ot State
lI!.htis at all, musti~ adtnitht shte .'as a
*eriect riehti tol edo, aind wIcht she rega'rds
as ablutely nie.'esary. She wilt be ar.
in.:e her s .rredl right. Shte wel dlibe art- I
ting as sher wouthl heave to act it none~i of th
ot her South ern Stat es were itt e'Xistpec,
:en.1she ere h~ nily obecto gr~h
ho the Noitilerni States and thie Fed rila
ioenernintent. Sht is nit aniswerale for
thn' i-tiriuir's .iui io i.stice wheeh iti a
hei o'inoiited airiuinit hu'r. A.ni t fltr th a
siTer S:.tte iif thp! 'Sotith i te k red- f her t. .1
reb t ruiii :in exercise it thei rigt w.hiib
leer friee actiat ci .i iar del.rent cht-ieter
iiri:niim an ih wvinch sim cant bei cinred P
re-e~lm, :.biie, Nu.;tth Ca.riiiue wvenlhi he I
plin iher sester State'. ii the Suiitlh iier a.
noi eiu.r.intt. hi they- uhlui liIitn thieiin
.-eN im a plois t ai; restrait, iti wouhii
e'i:uu, lioii the~ :a. t:n1t 'f t lie l'e ral ( i -
hei shiiuldl itnss eli her rifr:iingl. fritmi
Sunh!t..ii wvihi sh re-:ardsn as itter hte.a
li' I '.*d- ii tiuverinenot in [,ilac.i1.
iiujo'tiauh.e restr:iiit uipoit a sov'ere ~n r
an- ia i qi I. J
Wte t-hi thiat idor necessit v fur sep-tr nto
actali hv 8.iilih (':iroi-aa wh cli w haveIiv
f'iiiteiin iated.l tity beu aertedl. We con.
lii' .n ihe ',di.ant .ins tvh.eni wve ;ulhires.
TIhere ii .y h.- -me hple oft t a-sseti:H- ing p
of at' Sut b-n ('ingress, to e vise mea'i -nres -al
of~ re'dru's andl rb:t, uipouta bichi somie oftl
ti lititiredl States iltav tinite. Wi. have'
iheifetere te-ini w ling tie sii'rtico titm he
tor Niiithi'ri. tdanu. We still ire. II'.-C
edo nomauir.iu to ledn, hbut tel Ifilow. Pr.- mi
iinr cu~uoin rights andeu prof'iung for our
ciiiiuman~ safety, andI we wl hcntily uitite iS
wah yue mi carrinl thm outt. We b h
nhoh reg.re' aimost deieptly, to incutr the"
oensnure ot irrond-:, with whon we heave thte I
str(ongeitides ri'e o t ini ('cnet. If ii, St
wve tiehl a <h-1p contviction, thitat- e reve nit h
tacted .. uifirea ullt anyi preeifpitation
ando that iie aire in thie righet ini the dlete~rn
mninat in athieb we hive formed-i. Thev
se~i uelf-ba ett of subissin, apica rs to at
us.o tunwort hy of menci-.etill prehtindir g to I
beflrer,.--The~ g loomny proispect of inevitable beh
rtinn. to follow suhinissimn, appears to us..R
une-rn formidable. than~ anty diagers to be im
entcouttneed in cemntendtig alone, aga inst vt
wvhatever odds for our rigth,. WVe hrwe
comlo to then deulerate calnidlteion1, thtt i itw
be our fatrto ho~ kflsldono in the ustryggIe, w
Dn te mnnat ilttlilirfg ef
snin. M'21 a A -rl
tter of the Ron. Langdon Cieves to
ANTATON, (Ogeeclies, Iat- Uiy,1651.
1iy Dear Sir:- hive been appointed
Delegate of the Southern Rights Anso.
tion of St. Plhilip's and St. bilchfael'd
I also of the Indian Land Associaton, of
rk District, to the Conventidn to be hold
vour city on Monday next; and it was
wish and intention to have attended the
nvention lit obedience to these calls, but
annot do so without neglecting private
incess of my Oi o f importance. ,which
inits of no delay and which cannot be
il accomplished without my personal
ention. 'This business, howover pressing
1I importait, should have been superseded
thme public call if I could have believed
it my attendance at the Convention could
of tiny mtnerial importance, but I am
ll satisfied that It could not. My general
nws of the grievances of the South, and
the sulversion of the Constitution of the
filed States, are fully known to the
blic and will weigh for what they are
aih, as effectually as if I were again to
clare thein. 'The object of the Convention,
mnderstand to be, to declare whether, in
opinion of the Convention, South Car
nt ought to secede froum the Union alone
d1 without the concurrent action of any
er States.-My opinion on the propriety
the separate action of one Southern
at", and articularly of South Carolina,
s beenm long known. There is no man in
u cotintry who feels mere sensibly than I
time .l:mnger, the dishonor, thu infamy of
a coidition of the South. No man is
tre entirely convinced of the justice, the
nstitutional right, and tihe political ex
lienc of t he withdrawal of the Southern
ates from tIme Uniont by which they are
ithralled, and wlich cannot fail, while it
bsi.tp, to bring on them further and fu
re danger, oppression and infamy. I am
ti-fied that history furnishes no examnple
such, disreputable submission as that
hieh they now exhibit. The phsilosophy of
orty is jealousy. The proper action of
itriotism is the earlicet posible resistance
the slightest encroachment on the ublic
r~yhts. 'T'he lovers of liberty snu the
inied breeze g4 tyranny in the distant
de, indl do int wait for the overwhelming
ower of the stormi. But wo tamely en
ire the full bllant (of the injuries and in
ires andi inisults so profusely Foured upon
s. We hug our chains with something
yroniching to fondness, and submit to be
omerned by our hitter enemies-and yet it
only necessairy to will i', to rend those
bia;nS aund to be redeemed, regenerated and
i-entbrulled! As a citizen of the South.
feel huninted into the very dust. Yet I
iml not of opimion, that South Carolina
mould secede alone. Nor do I think thus
n aecount of thge dangers it may provoke,
r the sacriice it may require. No dangers
lid no Facritices can he too grcat in such
cause. 1it one State of the South can
ot stnid alone in the midst of her sister
t:itcs. Thrtse States formi one family in
iteret, in blood, in feeling, and in endear
i'. Sori.d and iaitorical relations and re
O~l-tions, and such ties ought not to ie
rokei but by dlire necessity. South Car.
!in:, I know, has been grossly slandered
nd1 vilifled for what no dispassionate mann
an s is rash or inwise. She has done io
mre thaiiproclaini the Southern %rongs,
nil vlo catn deny them, and to express
:!esire to unite wih her sister States in
'9sist' will be wrong,
ey. Imave pro to do what thme
onor ind in'tlirtt'' require to be done
f reded4tlh 9ai'ate'rand tio sustain the
fylhits- of ihd ouih. It is -most true
ndl deeply to he Jatteated, but ne are
ut one muembet'o~f this large family, and
are 1n0 righmt to dictate authoritatively, to
mb oilier membneris of the famniiy. We
1ust wait upon them and intreat thiem tom
,ovet. We shmould use no language of
-ritszi'on. We miust look with forbearance
!t their tareliness
"li' to their fuits a little blind,
Ite to their virtues very k ind,.
An:t putt a padLock on their mind" as to
Th'le peo'p!e of our Southern sisters are
bravy peouple', whmose fathers fought fo~r
berty, whoi themelves were born- an I
urt.-red iin theC elijoymenit of it, and -who,
ere:ore, know the value of it. It cannot
(' believed thait such n peoplhe will hon.2
on:;enit to lbe governod ot herwrmse than hb'
Goavernent h1 which they shall enjo'v
gnall rights, egnmal pover, andm equal
onorto. 'They hmava been deceived and
etraye~d. Thmey must andl will hearkeni to
thmer Vounelilors thani these to whom lhey
are hitherto laed The South must
nil w I ron-c f'rom its &!mtnbers, and
minziy rel uption the Democracy of thme
'ottry Th Dimiocratic party once
ready. timir the guidance of .Jeflerson
in 17tH.i saved t he Souitth from thme ambition
m miils oft 1ederatham. Weo nowv contendl
* in-i thsamebit~ peOj e, biut. withi these
librences. Thmecadinig F~ederamlists
er< ( h -n h, ''h, haonoraible, able meni, who
etc amit ouis to) governi you, bitt whose
obitihm was noblhe, amid therelore scarce
crime, thu ahI dlangemious to the true
riniciple of our Uion~t. TIhese men have
onie downt to the grave, or have been
rosctribedl andi discairdled by their unwvorthmy
omtes; mien with more titan their ambti.
mim, bout ntne of their virtues or talents.
it objec t of the old Federalists win a
ron,: but lien ,st Governmient. That of
oir surcenors is an anarchmical tyramnny,
'.ardlecss oft thn provisionN of the Consti.
tin for tihe security of Southmern ri his
I tit.1 byli time primncipoles of abohitin
il tC e t renzy~ of tanaiticismo.
I et time limoarteo party, then, whmichm
id tinder thte gnmidanmce and foresight of
wuit, and] savedl the South, agin put
rtl its strength. It embraces theogreat
weri f te Southern States. Even time
h 'e i the Snuth are De.mocrateo, thoiug~h
ao ialI p oat on, in which accident hias
aced thoum, andi treed of that, they wzl
ipear' under their oldi fl ag. The Wig
rey i- tno longe'ir thamt of whmichm they wvero
iiihfrs It wuas a party founded on thme
!tn's of .th poji~i:ic muof theo daym, < n time
ciipamraily , mnii Imeasures of the
oiimr'nt -~m mduponi the cambdahtlies fort Feider
ooi'.eA. 'The piresenut mmovemnent is oii e of
,o 'drai to th~e Somuthl, and that party
nii i w contentdinug for these oltd obijects,
it to Cont.;ue:r the South amid abolish lher
t ~i ottant and valuable inst ituutions.
ilhere are Whiga iat the South who will
aitdh.-r to't hin they are few, and can
plinae. We shmail be strong enough, if
in ouirsrilves, without thenmm. It is only
cessiry uint the 1)emo. ratic party act
gorousv. :-enhonsly anid perseveringly,
inlthe pInciler of thme South wil1l6
inophanit. ir we have souls in ouir
tuomnl, can it he onherwilse
'hoee o nmatiotn en. doeoit ~uit
ny not hes ac'onp)ishel'Iin ~u.Ayin a
ar, hut htthe~ janf tof't the i~
vere, and .the redilt' iwdtevsi
I tie trua of Vi nii sithd m~ 6.
all as of othoer1:t . dat nto 'ht beikte
whel W erl
sub~verstoir -1t~ kAL
I thiolk ite Birf asnnqip f;~J
questiotisrepiy ne 1ie k
and the North, ands)oat
governed abnojutely ng
a people, whojiaa r
I have, finally, my dr..
f'avor of you to communinate
the Coniventip, if Yu b
which I believe fou tire; "
gage some other hand to do a*6 j
Is to show to thes6 4 ho ppint i
their Delegate, though Utlir-l.tier"
to attend the Convention, haw rro
wholly unmindful or his. duty to .thom'
I am, my dear S:r, With gkia '
and esteem, your obedieni'ervant,
G. A. Trenhol, Esq.. Clarlestn,
P1. S.-Since writing the ishove, I h
seen it intimated, that this ConventioPnlt.
be called upon to act much more
than was at first sugge.ted, upon the diffi -
cult quesdions between the Sout an.&t i&
General Government. If it shall do so;
have no doubt the actior. will be pnfortun-.
ate. It %ill, among other evil4,'divia tho
people of tihe State into two partieor, instah
of presenting that unanimity which, now:
does it so much credit, and will problablky
uider ruture cuntingenciCs, gie it 'niuph
strengtih. Tihe great activity and zda 7ior
South Carolina, have destroyed h;er iothea1
and political influence. That zeal afidc
tivity were not condemnable in theinselvis;
but, under at tual circumstances, were *m
politic. Ii was slauderously called atibi
tion arid a desire to dictate, that exelted the
jealousy of other States. Measures, right
rn rp -n patriotic, were codesifed,.
simply because ihey camc from South Car
olina; and every astard .has jnstified his
recreancy, under this prejudiced and 'elan
derous condemnnation. if South Carolina
be wise, she will wait upon bei esit.er
State, yet a long whde. Let lier be pre
inred to act, but leave other States time to
deliberate and determine for theraiselve.
Great changes rnust take place in the sen
timents of the Southern people,-or history
ls a fiction, and the nature of man. has
changed. Let South Carolina be prepar
ed tojoin other States; but she cannot 'o
foremost wit hout injuring hter own and the
There has been, I tnink, anrther error
in the u:nagement of our great controver
sV, (not peculiar to Sou:h-Carolina)-we
h'ave haid too niany Conventions. Such.
assemblages are proper and only proper on..
great ocensione-whenk tihe senso of the
people is doubt ru. Iin amiet all, if not all
other occarson)Yra, /Me orgmied power of'
Government is tie sa)fest grorn I of reli
ance. It is particularly so in this case;
which is a case of usurp1:ion and tyranny
on the part of tihe General Government,.
and our wise ancestors, with great jeal
ousy, reserved and secured the independ
enee of the Stai:r, as a proper -pownr to
control tire atobitio-a of tIhe Fedferal Gow.
ernment wIern it niioht- arise; and our great
error arid midorrme ris been, that wo.
r.nve allowed tho St ate Governments to be
virtuailly nullified, by not calling them.a'r
ly and vigorously into action. A conceis.
.between the . State Governmnenta, e
~great 'want oft Ihe. tth, .t this'tlnei
es of tuOijr resrpective Giovernments.
C jtynaI Cc i.x~t-The Cincin..
nati Commtiercial or WVednesday says:
"A mian by the ni:n of Do:rrnicl Sallnry'
was~ taken to the hocspital yesterday
mrorning, aird iesi in a few hto -rs. Theu
physicians j'rrnunced hi.4 disease Asiatic.
Cholera!' i'hec de~ecred w::s about thirty
Ieight years of a;.e. an Italian by birth, and
hid recently arr.ved rm th a city froin.
"A wonna by the name of Naughtot
was taken fromt a r.teambroat to the hrospita~l,.
and died itt a tew mninutes after ehe was
taken into the binr.e. ller di. cas~e W~s
ah~o srtpposed to Ibe choulern. 11er son,
a lad abirt twe'lvO v ears of age, wat
attacked with thre chof :rti in a short time-.
rifter hisu mr:her's death, a~nd at.. 3 otclock.
yesterday thre physici:ans had gven up
aull hoptcs of sait inig hr~nm.
Fu:rN(e.1.! M-r AstaaocA~i STr.AMEiu
ITril ron r or lila v.'.xx.-We nre inird'rr'ed
tint as thre stenrer Fnr~in was connirg out
of tire port ofu JI.vanna, at night, she as
meot biy tire Sp.naishr nur-of.war steamnec
PIl'zarre, wich tired two) loaded guns at
Iher, then halts gorr n;'.yr th" Falcon. Capt.
linrtsteitne innneditely colle-:tedI all th e
old iron, hrar:,, erinins &c. hre couhd find, an 'I
prrepa red tor tool the oinly~ pi~ce oft artillery
ire lhard arboard, intendorgn no ret urn the fire
of thne l';arre. in case'it was continued.
Explarnat onrs were, hrowever, mrade by the
comrmannder of the P'izarro, and thet *'alcoua
proceeded on her vo r gr. They must
have a bir scara oni thremr in thre cver faithful
islo.-X. 0. TI~l.
Pi:o~it 11.1vt-The 13 eston Tratveltetr
ha's arn itemn of inrtelligence fromt Ilarytli
which neetis corlirira Itoe. It is, that. the.
Amnerican Governmient, tabruglh Mr. Walah,
hauve agree.I to neknrowledge ii C. Clarke,
Esq. of' IBo'smon, Cornrnnerciarl Agent ofinyth,.
as. for the Unnredl Statese. uiihI is~v imn.
plication neckntowe!ecginr the inrdependenicp
Of ther Islatnd, a thning, which the United
States has hithrerto .< eauhly re:ned to do.--.
+SAtt~lso tlrunt~ W~vran.-The Pana.r
.Journal des l) at os tanes that a niewsp
clos of vessel niestinred, it is e.xyn..te, to,
so've thie groat prorblenmiof subi-mairine nanv-.
ignition, has been construetol in thre esitabs
hishmiont of' M. (t'rnsot. This vessel~yif
proceed fromt Cretr.ri's esrtabhjlsltment.
through Paris~ to Calais, bry sea, whh~l the
rnd of its inachiinery, which is simrity~'a
that of propoiluers. In gng out of~th
of Calais it will pltnge urnder water, antt4~
renppear a few houris afterwarda. hefaro
IDiver. TIhen~ce, it will gain thne Thrames~~
which it wilt aerd to Lo'in, 'yh'ero it
will figrer at the. h'abihition. tonong the
tnost in'en-stim pro:ttio'ni of F rentch1 inr.
dlustry aind gnntumn.
The lateist Jeniny Li irtor Ytht
a mnarria'e. iq904 pface in II4 tvtr ~ren
l'or and Signtor lietti , ti hiinra it I to bet
kept sfecrent'I 1i the tc'rinmtiaon of e
engngemeont with Brnitrin Thir C ninnna
and lumi~isv'iI edrtitn t ceea to beli1':,
WVillt a 'dinit ,niigunrj~
T4 re eirk, yet it ai uth i ~ '
finnl y et'r 1 hns 5V