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The Sumter banner. [volume] (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, April 06, 1852, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86053240/1852-04-06/ed-1/seq-3/

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~eAu ~fy .st tER -h
LIERS Ice wo D)Ollarl,
-r.tit uniM' it the option of the Pnprietter
dtW e~tisemenbts inserted at t3EV EN'I'Y
.' wce4 -per -gquare, (12 lines or less,) for
theRabjitthat sum for each sulaequent
- nu1hber of inserlionP in be marked
ats or-they will be pulitihedl
SVl to be dhicontinued, and charged
N E DOLLAR per uinare for a siigle
. Quarterly and Monthly Advertise
t win. Wibe charg.d the same aN a single in
i mqionand.emi-monthly the vatne as new o:ts
- reaury on his side, and his own po
litical party, what is the reaulti
-'Aitt'now -what is -the cause of this
*idr'nmpuis'ex' nditure? Why, it ap
avfo Mr, rian's speech, that
7%y la so stationed as to requre;
in one case, more than a thousand
.;non to accomplish the transportation
*vusionS for about three thousandI
Aetiyt wilds' and deserts of the
-4 riito, ''a"oep-Mt Executive
can squander:hess miltons on
:on'tractors, and employers.
has played altogethei,
-a' p*rt in "these
rm the war. We have
uceossfud attempt mado * by.
ko-*eatmf to precipitate
-n'thE~Union at the hazari
;u . We have seen a -simn
S.ara6 oalie ' State of Nbw
: *exico by- army .intervention.
'5" frthis whole.system of Indian
q( ppnsve-of tiny arn'm j
thegae.sse that exists, or.thaeeve.
-d iiit:" It tniftbers only"- ten' dhon
and - expenqes 'e - ten
e.~' anhI)nsenutally,ra.rtbQsand dollars
rlnu Griat 'Britain,:' the. .jost
"if 0 %1 op .P1.4' an
-w"e-eonsP, per. man; is not
her" ' n'hne-third of ours, and her
s ded all - vr the
eetroe4s a gauch-greater
A. , i lltory and'population.
p7laarand.- mountains
e-Z" be . ofeld
--' 04 .al ou.T ,arms or our
t- treasur. 4 u%44we.-ean sp.end mpre
g'4 f .Talifiornial 16
t' st,1 Dmficieny'%, Bill passed the
.LouV y;ed'an;efter .a protriHcted
disausslon. .No..impoitant items were
4ut' d rae Senote will sooh,
TA. Y the Wpr Department
'n Tevd froni its present
t-or ip ent ave been-;ately
' %- Plunds'p twm
.Ualifornia, f
hu tllaiahd dollars each,
pl rfnne Ti
~dantht~ authority-of' the -agent t9.
Aihk'e the. liirchase.
Sof geigent exists in relation
to the'bage brought against a promi
:'isht' i4ten'ehiiftdant, Dr. Baldwin,
.of hav'~i n'uleified ertain documents
py h&je SthWtDdpartm6nt in relation
tclat' ~.4 11~hedgensents and
bitRioerbs tinder the' Mexican treaty,,
'K.~rt, 4:14 of the .Prgsidenit,
.u. .catdoguedese.aled -up, and placed ini
- "the State IPegartmn't, with tt view, as
t~, he.President, stated, .to protect the
-Mr*,overrnmdat .agait'fIn~uddlent-claimns
- that, night. be advised hereafletwader
the Mexican treaty. A few days agoi,
in the absence of the Seeretary of
. State, the President was inf'ormaed that
- sme of these papers had been
absttited'-by ouie of the claimants.
'l"Te Fr~ident,.upon consultation -with
the Attorney General and the Distridt
*Atornsgy, found "that there wyas dno
la f h Unmited States or of Mary.
- am4;:[email protected] punishnment of such an'
*oNl'ence; and, im a special miessage to
Coringress, rheoomnended the passage of
. ~4~ l'aw. The person offendinag 01).
-s:'~.e'tiaward of eighty-one thou
- 61as from the late board, aand
-rt c'ontradt with. that, has applied to
-i. - 60osres for -additional relief. is'
aid ie off'tilkse wilich' has
1'. eeni,-oferred..the select Committee
of the Serhate on -this subject. lie
.will~ n'o doubt, vindicate himself by
-.elait'ninig a-right to the documents in
question. The facet is very singular
'that'this dase discloses, to wit: that
m*rlJaw. exis'tsfor the protection of
t~ he public-archives from theft, mnutil&.
tion, or destruction.
. .1'!he-cla'tre of' Mr's Y't't to the
sea hgdb Mr. Mallory, of Florida,
- as yesterd:ay argued before the coin
- -ittee by. Mm. Stanton, of' Ohio; andi
.. '.-everdy Johnson, of Maryland,
wois counsel for the contestor. Thme
--!~opinioni is gensral that Mr. Yulee han
no~go4odupd-up~p which to contest
'fare election of Mr. Mallory.
..The Ex'eentU'ca has taken, mapures
b4 proteot the Ameriqan ilngineur
,who . was..l~ately nmaltreated by the
,sthoriy'of~euba. --
- I'le~platform.adopted at Richmound
iAtsL~ltly Dorpoeratie, but does nt
m'naks.new .jiganes, It will be niotieced
that thie.Cojwantdon ha~ve niindo pro..
.vision..rthe slti~on of ssventieen
aetoei,:- thbuegi' the State will be
entitledMt but, Moce&n. - Shte hmas rud,
ilhowever,' been oflicialy.s notifkfwi of
any new. apnio itint.,. hht1, will
lbe, probalyI bdf'ra lang.: Thl e t of'
- Congress whlchiwIjI.,lie necessairy.- to
enable-the Secretaeg of 'the literior
.to make the ap'poroameiw is dJelayed,i
but will be soon passed).
Fromt the Sottihern Patriot.
Thegh-- POO[ N' and the poor
This wRs the title oft a little book
which we -ead many years agg, and
Wrich wo-are--now disposed to' make
the head 'and text of an editorinil. lin
this admirable little book were drawn
the charAdiers of two persons, the one
ricA, but living beyond his mens, and
the ot.her poor, bt living within his
means. 'I he.rich man wits always em
barrassed by his debts, atnt in want of
money; whilst the powor man never felt
this embarrasminent, but always had
plenty'of money to supply his wants.
The rich nian was so worried and fretted
by the importunities of his creditors
that he never lhad any to give in charity
or lend a friend in distress. But the
poor man always kept a little nmoney
on han1d, to liect these contingencies
aid emergeneies.
In passing throughn life. how Often do
we meet in reality these imIaiginary
charactors (if this little book'? The
poor. rich nman is an every day char
acter. le may be seen every where
in t'he United Sttes,.. fron the LIouis
iana sugar planter, with an immense
estate and thousands of negroes mort
gaged and pledged for debts unneces
*barily contracted, to the rich merchant
Ard millionaria with his paper and
.not'es aenda iondafir. ba~ink,' protested
and sued on, and. worrying him out
of all peace,.and happiness. The rich
pkoor man is a common character, to),
.in every coinikunity. .-1, is . always
prudent and in.dust'iriois, SOrnetimes
-a'smaill eti'-hdst inechaniic, or
an industrious li-borer. ' lie supplies
all -his wants, and has money to lend
He leanis .td live within his means, andi
never'goes beyot' them. Ile never:
, aqulats, or gpes. in debt, or puri,
iwhases t4hat ho does not need.
.Thei c hf -prodigolity is a very
common. one mi .vorld, and origi
nates t6bo often in- a selfish, vainl.
ghujims feeling and propensity. ,The
dAlttiy wishes to be' bbse:ted 'and
jir'Wi, :ind-,hnee, in. addition to
lofig Aeart.ajgd mustaches, lie must
wear- fne clothd;'i j ihav'e rings on
hii&fig'rs IHQib Idler, of course,
i ..thin s .hinelf toa .:good to
Slmuecywretier his
liMo6Akeft'"hAiild Work
t14 hin11 riever be :paid for their
labor. The beard and mustaches cost
hii-othing, atid he has a right to
wear them. It -is a vain, selfish
ibeling, too, which pronpts a man to
build if fine house, purchase a pair of
.ftie horses'dr a f1 ' eariie, when
h.e has n t ti10u I eans-'Of making piy.
.meqt. .-H i .wi ;ling,1'tiowevdr to Ie
harrassed and woraied by his creditors,
to make a-show in- tie world. Dearly,
too, does hwesometimes pay -for his
selfishness.- 'is fin% horse and equi.
e'i s6old by"Athnsheriff, arid his
1 'gbd etijldren idudfd to want. 1l'
gjqeagjf.tieC the pqoor rieh mai,
arqid doe .i g cone the rich poor
It eldgmy* ' e WO
.evc.:e . ,.vt rznan ..who. .is .not
a,;401flfh aan, and it is..till more rare
ttw find,,a a.,lfnsl . man with a good
heart.w.-Vanity very -often puts on tire
app~mea'ffe't1geieroitf, through sel
fishdless. The -vain -'ministers to his
intenis seltishniss'bj a show of gen
esity n~d ,Iif ralli'' 1li4' object
44nd 'his.amity'pronipts ~rim to it) is to
.be esteszmedf'or thipse virtues which lie
kinows lie does not possess. This is
a feeling too cormmon to human nat uire.
Hence the coward is always vaunting
of his braery. 'Loi-d 'Chesterfield
understood .:nmi princile (of human
nature wjilrtiuieadvised hris son always
to comnpflnehitfa beautiful womian for
her talents', arid a talented one for her
There is another class of poor rich
men, which is just- the opposite of the
one we have beenitkdscribing. They
have great; riches,, but do nut enrjoy
themigaid liv'e all their lives as ifthey
'Were pioof. T1heir selfishness is just as
aren~nse, and perhalps ans meani, as that
of'. the vain-glorious man. Thie sel
firshniess df' the~ mniser and niggard
prompjts him--tud's~'e his nmoney and
live .in waunts (dt1 tla- co(lrnforts
tumd necessaries oif lif'e- Jligi willing
'tb eiaui-e pain, mental a:Vd' bodily
pain, to -acquire vast po(ssessio'ns;
!hilst .the vain preteinder is willing to
-experienice the samie agony to mrake
a show ini the world!
It is a ,strange, thing, when we
think seriously of it to see a manr
agndn hi whale- lith~ in toil and
libui-, denying 'himnserlf the comnforts
~ud'.,egjoyynents .of life, mierely tol
.'ward rip riches, lHe knows that, in
a few years, .he. must separate fromi
themn; and he fe'els, too,-very oflen, that
there is nio one whnorm lie - cares fhr.
And- yet,' lhe goes on, toiling mud
struggling, asm if' there waA so)nit' dear
object for whom he woul nacrifice
life itself. .*. Whilst-Jivinrg, he would'
nult part with iri do~llar to relieve
the distress otf him whno is, perhaps, to
inherit his''whole tortune! Ther is
no accounting, on philanthropical
priniciples, for the passion of thre maiser,
or that, of the prodigal, except by
attrihuting themn both to a want of'
good sense arid at good1( heart..
- Thjero is a happy nmnidinim in
mali things which all me~n sjroioll en
ijewor to obhtain, andl esple'ially in
niakinig andt spetndinig nmouey. We
should labor hard- to supply ouurselves
wvith all the comfirts andit con venmiences
of. life. . But we sh~ould-nevwer Jir be'
yonid our means or' inconner. Nor
should we permit our wanits to go
beyond thenm. It' we t raniscend this
limit in a s inigie inistancne, to grtifyI
a single wanit, we only increaso our
wants, which caunot be gr-atifiedl, anud
thnereb~y add to unr uniiihapinress.
'The ri'r poor mann is a hlappy man,
anid' at beautifuil character. .ile is
a wise and! nk-goud mian, as well as
a happy. mnun. IHe -knows how to
enjoy life anid nmake hinmself'respectable
in lithr. - lie is a true hiilosophrer.
And, yet;, wit1k cJl i onperina it.
goodness and happiness and ..wisdo
there is only (one yearl difriee
tween him and the -poor rich -nani.
with all of his einbarrassnicizst, i. i 1
worrymnents tad unhallphiess. A
wonderful di ere that., bet ween.
living a year in advance of an incb)ne, i
and one year behind it.! And yet, in.
the couirse of a lifetinie there is unly'
lne year's difference. The man whtiu
lives ine yemr in advance of his inicohi -
spends his whole life in debt, and
eldlurs till the ilnortifications o, -n.
debteAlness. The man who liveal One M
year behiid his incore, luw iidi j
plenty of noney, can g1tif it
wshes, live happily, alld enjy just is
mueh (if the luxuries of life as. he does
who lives in advance of his' ineoie,
and always enibarrassed.
EAftc u 1oF Gov. 1ILK.i.-O:
Thursday, Gov. Bigler sent a niessage
to the Pennsylvania.Legislature, in,
which he says: -
There is now due and unpaid. two
millions iur hundred and fi'y-five
dollars of the bonds of the Cooar.
monwealth, bearing an interist, gf.
six per cent., and a halance of near o c,
hundred thousand dollars due to4o;
mestie creditors, bearing a- liko hi.
terest., besides one millitn three. hibr.:
dred and ;iinety .thousaniffl 4l1ais. at
live 'por ent, over two millions will
fall due in 1853, and about three
miillions in 1854. IIe: recis
that the matured bonds and such a
may fil due during the year, b
cancelled by the negotiation of a
loan, and that bonds of the Com.
ionwealth be issued, rein ibua'file at
the expiration of ten or fifteen years, at
a rate ot'iteest not exceeding five- po
cit, with interest certificates attAqjpd,
or in- -the- usual firn, a may be
deened proper.
LTEo:nLAURc.-The New 'Jersey g2.
islature Nias toive adjorivindiaoit ri
day. A bill iassed .bpth. Ious to
compel the payment by . nslpat e
half per cent. on their: ca t6)&k
which some-hanks, it will beireoHdet,
ed,'rifused to pay, deeming themselves
excused under the tax*-la -'Ifitabtiebir'
The bil1 to-allQw narrid. vp n .to
hold propety in hir o)Wh t aisy,
passed. ''heGeneral Rail I gI'4w
which was lost o:i Wedrien y ir t!he
Seiate,'was re-considered'an8 Pase.
''he House has, however, di.agetto
the'Senate aindiidment on the bdl rind
hetween~ihe two.it was .Yrhbibbtbat
the bill would fall through '
A joiut. m eting .was tv hayo been
held: on Friday ornrning" to app "%4el.
egates to attend the Comventin-.of V
13 original States, to- be held -at Pilf-l
.Aophfa' on-Julyg4th, and". pitrther
officers as )Vro.not appointed 1 the
previous-joint rueeting. ,:: I,
On account-ofthe diffie.4t.y sur-rotid
ing the- tiin-bil fi Atie" Senate, thyVI
House on Wedriesday *asbti a minor
supjAemnite, ;lowing debts4 ding
-within-the-State to' be-deducted 'fromn
the assessmeh~ty-thoe :6.g .-rgt of
the Statesnold:not.be dedbreteda~,rd1 is
easily to'beseen-(says te orsod
'est utf the ~'Nei--ark D'aily)..,ha,'pne.
qually-this will: .act uponi theO .di4ferLt
countie of the Sif'~e, and ho*v unfair
ably upon such as HnIdson. E~se anid
CamdenI,.:heie a. large po-rtion of the
de~lhts areewed out of- the:State.r The
bill. has beeni dirsagreed to by .the Sen
! te. - -
IFcRAIE OF ifoPU1AT~o. e' seC
seine estianates corniputing tli 6 z:eoese
of our poulahtion at the rate of three
per cent. per aninum.' -Therme'tter
nteed niot be involved in any co'ntrover
sy; for the eensus returns Qevery ten
yearseegive a fair basis of. circulation .
Treprcent. per annlun will arnount
to the ordliniary ratio of1 one-third in n
years--nealr enough at least 1br,ytatMis
cal purposes.
Blut the prospect which is held eut
by the :nost 'reasoinabrle cadeuhation of:
the growth of this country ih-. fd'id
tion and resources uinay well startle,
the observer. Leaving out- of4 the ae
count the additions which are 'inade
every year to the aiggrecgate of our pop.
ulationi by einigrants fromt Europe, the
::atural increase of our people anay at
tord the basis of ant estiminate which
eb'uld not be appilied to any .. other
coaWiry.. We are bound to be the
rnost polPuious anid the lnost pwru
'of living nalws. This is our aestiny,
-and it is our respoksibility also. -Kos
suth has mnade his suIstake only in point
of tine. We are a P~o\%r on en/rth,
arid such a Power that ifA presence
mnust have significa~nce. .\e' eaniot
abnegate our- being; but it is-de tb Aki
dignity that we raise not a harid ed? -
cept to conltrol, anid that -at once. N
emipty vaporing, no biravado, for this
Antericani people. Wet hold our own
against the world, anid wiill do it, cornii
what in:ay.-Balimaore A mnericun.
anticipated by the New York Herald,
that tire p)rogress and permianlence of
despotismt ini Europe 'will drive aill r
plublicans from the old world tjo thre
new, during the ntext ten or tinty
years, to the extent prob~ably of'.fromn
one1 to two miillionis a year. '- t
TPu. Evvxe-r.-One elfect of Kos
suth's " starring," says a Vienna letter
of' the 11ith uilt,, in that Huingary is al
mottst hcrinetically sealed agaimst Eng.,
hish- arnd Anmericanrs. Two peacably"
disposed travellers, one of' whom b)e
longed to the [United States, hava's just I
b'(een refuseud th~e vise for that e'ndntry -;
anid fthe 1 lugariuts theruselvus fin'd it t
teilnally ditlilenli to obtajin a passport.
1)norJen'oN Or AN.--Thiet
New-\York J/erq/dl silys, sirnce t he ar
passage of the laieuor lube Law dowrn e
inn Minme, we undetlrstmuflh the de'puta- n
t ion ofI that State is gintg on venry -
railyk. Every energetic bunsingesst
rnan is trymr g to get -ot of it andto s,
C tumterrille, Bo. Ca.
STJESOA, APRIL, 0 1852. W4
Our Principles. of
"There is one point on tchich; there can be no on
#i1ersiy of opininon ins the Sout% among thoas
?Io arc true to her, or unhe havi made'usp their W
4Indo not to be slares; that ije t we shontd be". in
ree to rhoose betwen resistance and submision et
b'AAnestld take resistance at all Aazards."
" To do that, concert of action must be necessa- ri
isot to save the Union, for it would then be
0o late, but to sabe aeersel.:. ThuAs inmy view,
oncert is the one thing nerdful.."-CA 1.u.ou. in
*1 W.hat is the remedy ? I ansaner secession,
ulted secessian of the slavrholding States, or a
a#iVe number of them. Nothing else ull be wise-- tll
mothing dee wil be p)racticale."--Cuvmvza. ty
esrsA. WHITE & -Co., a e
%genth for tho. Banner in Sniterville..
f"Tiut Court of Common Pleas
nl'dinornil Sessions commenced its in
it ereon yesterday, His Ifonor, tb
ildge O'NrAL., presiding. V
-' -We 'havOe divd the 'West- at
nitserReiet for.;.JAriiary, it con- f&
:ains several iriteresting articles.
.Eecrttive- Claency..-," We wmder.
t'atid,'-says -the &01h. Carolinin, of
'1i'.'3k's ult., "that Governor MEANs W
oas iexerted the power vested in him r(
by 'tN Constitution, and pardoned p
rron. tuther imprisoment J. M. E, e
3MARP, Who was found guilty of man
lfilitrit the late tern of our Court." t
11so. Joseph A. Weedwaird.
. ?wMId call the atterof our. 0
drs toca letter 'roin theHion. J. A- r
DWAwD, !oUr Representative in Con a
gress, addressed t6 SAMUEr, -G. BARS
LFv4 of Fairfield. lie expresses his
opinion uppn the subject of prohibiting
tb{l"e4iogu ofCAite'd,States.Senators d
nd prestaiee. He: concludes -a
very proporlyi ttat' the effret of this 0
measure 'would -he most pernicious and
is..point of 2Gonstintionality it - would
.78t't~I3~rg.' $in slble. It .would do.
tach the S ttp-froii the .Legeilative .9
iranch of the Fceral Government b
while 'renainri in. tho Tiion and sub
fect-to alIJaws- -and-regelations.of the e
hi Alar~d fMition ;f 'hts letter. .9
i peq ": ' eplslderatiorl."of the .
c "or'ae -gjg 0tryfie convention ta
pursue; he is opposed to scession by
it, be ser iimerieamajority e
tgtaggt.~pce CepStenltly with sound 1
po6iCy .or *hat dotrinip 'of. the State.
o0iMA declines being a Cin
didates for re-electioi. '- -' -
Kolevai~tlk ie Sout b.
itis'trr a~ h' rgigcd mfi Oreans, I
but nogreptarstionsi. were: made- to re- (
e~io hana,, it~iihire '-io idle md~b
of plIyiloutpsoiJtt'o welcomo hiin widh
a vulgar shout. We are--disposed tot
think he will have.pa very quiet time
in the sunny 1?i) .
Tmse individuti, jas been. arrested in -b
Charleston and lodged saftiy in jail.
IliNEs has spn i at twelve years
inl irnprisomhent for forgery in thd ~,
State oft Louid4iaa when he was sen
which fo.f n years, twelve of
which had fhiththilly served, when he.
was pardoned .hy the Governor. -We ~
lhave read somec very shrewd slight of
ha~nd triek~s performied by this charae. fi
ter upon the pockets -of his unsuspect- ft
ing anequaintances. From his ilte per
formnances we should not suppose pun. Ih
i'hmient had made him either a wiser fl
L'r better man.
Genseral Sansa Iloustosa. -
W E have received a history of the ti
life of'-SAMUnL Ihousvon, of' Texas.
We take it that siome of his friends are
rnaking up his supposed claims to the
Presidency. The A merican people are
usked in the closing sentence of his
ife, to do jaatice 'to so. good andi greatb
u.mnan -by elevating him to the Presi- iv
2j'- Wz are pleased to be able to s,
Afobrrn oir ,readers, 'that an arrange. d<
iient hias bcin elTeeted between the W
Wilmingto' & Navihester and the
ouith. Cuarolia Rail Ienda Companies,
mhereby Freight intended for any point
en the Wilmningtonm & Man'h'ester 'o
lldil Road eon be paid iii'CnarlestonL
mnd vice u'ersa,:Freight shipped from
miy poinit on the Wilmuington & Man.-*
hester Rail Road to any. Station on in
he South (Carolinia Road tan lie pre.-b
>ad.: An ari-angenmnt has also, been
nade for the sale of Tickets on the
Vilinciegtonu & Manchester Road, to at
nygpint on the South Carolina Road. tel
BLusa AsyLU.-Thie Bindl Asylum of
ill ihas passed both Ihouses in MIissis- Di
p.It. lhad by the act of' 1850, an he
l jlowanc~me of *2500, for which ry
twas roquiere'd to suppoert and1 Cecte Is
mr pupils -lThe per'icmnt inw continues the
heat muauel approp~riation, and provides .0i
fuiwtlei $iilowaneg- of' $200'a-year foir cei
"ory p).il's -that maicy .h)e reediivedl anid the
n~intainedl, over I/he specified nuamber PC1
-'.-.-at (cer1 ifiate being required fromye nu
ii Probate Clerk .of the cunty that inc
nds the pupil there, tihat lhe or sh-is mci
a1.-Tho Augusta. Co estitutionalist
ites that a train of Freight Cars go
;up on 'Thursday, took- Ore a few
iles above stobc Moutain, from the
>ods which Were burning, and six of
Lim were destoyed. Two of these
)re close Cars,fIlled with dry. goods,
iich were entirely. consumed. The
ier four were Platform Cars, on one
which was iron-on another stone;
the two renainiilng Cais, were a
igon, which wag saved, a hogshead of
uIsLses, and some other heavy arti
!A, part of which wore destroyed.
The Sentinel adds that it was a ter
le day, one of the most extraordina
we -ever recollect to have witnessed
this ,elimate, the wind blowing a
rect gale for six or - eight hours,
d we fear the destruction of proper.
on plantations and in the woodlands,
s been immense. 'We have already
ard of the destruction of considerable
operty in houses, mills, fences,
oud, &c.
the National Intelligencer proposes
at a rail road be constructed from
tashington to the Poin't of' Rocks,
ore to connect with the Baltimore
id Ohio Rail Road. It is a inattely
,r wonder that such a line has not
en built already. It is almost ad,
luilated - triangle--frn the Point of
ocks to Washington, via the Relay
(ouse. You 'go within eight iniles
Baltimore, and then . return, as it
ere, nearly by the same route to
aeh the capital of the U. States. The
resrnt road is adapted- to the North
-n custom,- but it is very inconvenient
ir the Southern and Weteri travel.
1) the people of this Valley-it is par
cularly so, because, as well acquaint
I as we are with the real. dtstaieo of
irashington, it may. well appeiar a tedi.
us way to reach it-by the -present rail
,nd arrangements. In Masbaehusetts
new road is* built whenev'er a- few
iilis-. eut off.- Front the Point of
ise to Washington direct it'is about
rty miles. By the Relay IJouse it
mnuot be less than eighty or ninety
onble the distance, or over. With the
id of figures like these, the road would
i a- profitable one from the very day
r its completion.- Winc hestei Repub.
Th'e Washington: National Intelli
encer ..stutes. that.. inflirmation his
een-rcvelyed:at-the Department -of
tate that new ' instructions have lately
een- given by.:t'ie ..'Austr.ian Gov.
rnment to all their pOiHee officers and
ena ,d'ar:ju ..not-to.. permit any
>reigne r to.enter their .dominions un.
ass his p ;difrti. bers .the iise of
-.AustrianLegtion .bi- Consulate.
This now.- reglations extends to
very" lace atw 'ch an-Austrian garri
on-existag id will, as is stated; he
triatly. .nfoikeaainst -English''and
Lmeridan' Mif lary. It is, therifore,
rho' hite6 W 'kl fn' the hitAor
fGerruig o-iito T1Iv suii14 have
heirpassi's41"jft- tie Austria i
~egation at Wuishinlgton, or at 'Paris
GEiN. ScOT'r A Dv'ACI0oSOUTH.--The
tichmond Whig, speakIng of aboli.
orii votes,, ays.
"We wl'fri'dy .cor tess, that we
on't care who votes (bg our candidate
heni nomieated. -We want all the
otes we .cha~ -et-the' moore the
Again: "As to -General Scott, we
ave more in his positin--in his con
Urvative imipregnzable position-than
e would have in ten thousand
The Louisiana Legislatucse has abol
lhed the usury laws, and enacted
law exempting homesteads to the
alue oif *1000, besides $250 worth of
irniture, the library, &c., from seizure
>r debt.
arni from the Phlii adelhiai Inguirer
ait the Directors of the Banik -of the
'nited States on Monday the 22d
ist., executed the general assignment
-in conformity with the resolution of
me stockholders, adopted, at their
ieeting, held on the 17th inst., and
tat it has been reecorded according
-The'tetinmony in the ease- of O'Sul
van and others, at New-York, was
rought to a close on Thursday oven
g. Mr. Burnett was again brought
to court, but still remaining refracto
r, anld persisting inl his refusal to an
ver the question put to him by the
afendan ts' council, was re-committed,
ith the imiposition of a fine of *250,
hieh must be paid before he is dis
.serve by the New York papers, that
std Warranlts, now made assignable,
e rather more active at *100 a *108
r whole lots; *54ai$58 for half do.;
l0a*30 f~r quarter do. The following
formnation'has been officially given
the Com~umisioner, J. Butterfld :
The assignment andl acknowledge.
ent must be endorsed upon the war
mit, and must bdi attested by two wit.
eses, acknowledged before a Regis.
or Receiver of a Latud Office, a
idge of a Court of Record, a"'Justice
the Peace,. or a Comniissioner of
ueds resident in the State from whrch
derives his appointment; and in eve.
instance where the ackunogledgmecnt
mnade before anf officer other than,
'Iegister or ReceivbM of' a' Uand
lice, it mnust be atecompatnied by a
tificate, uinder seal ofikie proper au.
rity; of .the ofiielal: 'lht4t of the
rsoui'hnitdre whom 'ht a~lnowledge..
nt was mlade4 agid also of the genu-.
ness of his signature. Acknowledg
nit of' assIgnment by nIotaries will
twb remogi~ed.
TnE PUDLW .MoxMiN.--4 j s
enssions which, have recently taken
plac iboth' H6uses of Congress on
the *P, idi, hsie Airzt to
light a numbeirof lnterestli? -AC. One
of the most important of thes4 fact is
the amount or extent of the Public
domain-the increase of whichv by
the Mexican purchase or' coriquest' 's
not yet appreciated by the publio. By
an examination of the books ol the
Land Office, it is ascertained that the
number of acres of public -land in each
State and Territory unsold and un.
disposed z~f, on the 80th of June, 1851,
was 1,500,632,305,48'-afcres.
This stupendous public domain,, at
*1 25 cents per acre, the lowest sum
for which the pubfic lands are sold is
worth upon this statement, *1,750,
79fi,380. No nation ever before had
any thing like such a prize at -its
disposal-and if it could be managed
properly, would go far to pay our
taxes, and to. keep us clear from
all national debts.-acoa TelegrapA.
-During the past week, the weather
has been bland atd delightful. We
begin to feel like Spring had really
set in, when the fiathered musicians
yre tuurn'g-their merry pipes in every
grove, and the woods are arrayed - in
their vernal livery. Farmers have
a fine time nrw "for 'plaritiigf e6tton.
Throughaut niiddle Georgia, so far as
(our own observation estends, ' and
fron what we can learn, th.e gram crop
is very promising. lf.JackFrost will
let us alone, the hope may be rational
ly entertained, tnt 't&e ani crop
will be highly .:produetive. Present
iidications, at' leat,- are very - fav
The Shelbyville.Expositor says the
cars of the Nas4hvill ~.' nd Chattaiooga
Railroad, "are-making regular trips to
that place. They briibg an imnenade
amount of freight-more than is
shipped to any other.-point on the
road." Goods by the ears from Nash
ville can be. now shipped muhelk cheaper
than byh'ahy other routg.
TION.-In the Maryland, Democratic
Convention, Mr. Wm. E. Beale offer.
ed the following. preAmble and re:;o
lution, which were rid.-- and,. adopted:
Whereas, the Democracy -of Balti
more have exprsed. .their decided
preference.for:Lewis 'Cass the, Demo
cratic nominee for President-there
Be it Resoleed, Thit our De ndcratic
Senator and Dole-gates in the. Legisla
ture b' reqiested to vote for'Delegates
to the National Convention to represent
.the -Democracy of the State At -large,
who are in favor of Gen. Cass as their
first choice. * . -
The Convention adjourned to next
Thursday nighf* *ces.
withis mil-of C
he bremhed his a placed,
in obedience to his oiwn wish, in the
saume Trave with one of.his daughters.
The viiige chiureh was crowded .with
the3 poor of the'neighborhobd,' and 'the
Rector of the adjacent village came to
pay the last, tribute'of reard toean old
friend. 'flut beyond 'this gentleman
and Mr. Longman, the publisher, there
were no~ne. who had known the poet in
life to offer 'him . personal respect in
FRoM TnE Rio GRiND.-The brig
Brownsville, Capt. Rogers, arrived
yesterday from Brazes Saintiago, bring
ing the mail and $25,239 in specie on
freight. We learn from *a passenger
who came in the Brownsville .thuat CaX
nales pronounced against the Central
Government 'on the 15th inat-N. 0.
Pie., 25th ult.
RoMAN CAnRNA.s-Advices from
Rome, of the 24th nlt., announce the
death of Oardinal Castracane, aged 73
y-ears. It is also stated that five new
Cardinlais are to be appointed, includ
inig two for .Franee, viz:--M. Don
net, now Archbishop of Bordleaux, and
M. Delacroix D'A rzolette, now Arch
bishop of Anche.'- Thiis will add two
more exr offcio members to the.French
Senate. The A bbe Montlouis, famous
for his social opihions,-it -is added, has
been arrested and is incarcerated in
the prison of Monlino.
TRADE WTH Moaocco".-The late
U.S. Consul to Morocco has published
a letter earnestly calling the, attention
ot the people of' the United States to
the importance of the trade of Mo
rocco, which is very lucrative, and is
now all enjoyed by,,.England.
father of President Fillmore is a Me
thodist preacher, and -presiding elder
in a conference distr-ict in New York,
gray with years and reverently pious
loved and esteemed by all who know
TuuE old Brewery, on the Five Points,
New York, has been purchased by the
Methodists for *16,000, and is to be
converted into a chapel for sailors.
VInolNA.-The Democratic State
Convention for the appointment of
Presidential Electors closed its ue~sion
on Friday last. It made no nomina
tion for Prealdent. -
MY.--To dissipate ennui, and to keep
the soldiers in good working order, by
prev'enting the ill effects of a life (of
ease and indolence, the prtion of the
French army stationie in Paris are
lent upon various excursions from one
aection of the city to another, for the
nere sake of exercise, These'.detach
nents of soldiers, ordered out for 'a
valk,' somnetimnes comprise eight thou
~and.jnen, fully,arumed .anud eqjuijped,
-DXAar( AS. 6 IM rTk.,.-Wnuel
Preston,- edifor of ' r
Reflector, ili descnd i gtairs,
on the.evening,6( the Rd .inst.,4 d
fractured his skulli so that hediabeost
morning. , He ws in -his-l40i year,
and worked't XWhe business to thelbno
of the. accidetK* He learnedthekade
in the BostorE Palladium officepsh
lished the 'Farmer's Cabinet,'ost
Keene; N. H., which ..he. Ja;4n 1,
came to Ohio In 1819, - and-lx410
became senior editor of the RUnetr.
He was niuch respected, filled respe'ea
bly a number -of responsible vlwos,
and left not a personal-enemy& r .^
lxTERMAauniIA.!-On thWssa etV f,
the intertuarriage of reti es'' he
Fredericksburg (Va.) Herald ihah'he
following: -;:
'In the county in which we wirernil.
ed, for twenty generation& bakk,*Abrs
tain family of.weafth afid respdka'li
ty have intermarried, istll thee~im
not be fAounid, in three of thi, ai9nd
man or woman. One has do4 d
at.other serofula,. a third is iditIc, a;
fourth blind, -a fifth .bandy-legge a
sixth with a head about the sio .4*
turnip, with not one out of the wakerp
exempt from.physical or -ment#
feets of some kind. Yet thiaggil
perseveres to intermarry with4
other, with these living monuments of
their fulloy constantly before' thaINm
It is often done ignorantly by tetilist
people. Young people neve/4 1 ?fect
upon consequences, and old pebp6 aro
too avaricious to forbid a matchwhere
money is gotten. Let the law. -reach
it and it will be stopped.' --e
'he recollected that several'medfha
we published an abstract ofii
by )r. Stone, in a New-Orlearffi &1.
cal journal, relative to a new reh'y
for-ed6sumption. - The Bostnidkleal
and Surgical Journal has the f4llifing
on the same subject:
'A gentleman of the neighborhnm*ty
of Charlestown, whose son wasconsid.
ered in a hopeless state from tho.-dis
eased condition of the respiratory-ppa.
ratus, was induced to administer.iDr.
Stone's medicine. All the phosphate
of lime procured at the shops appeAred
-to-him to be imperfectly prepatW
being coarse and otherwise objection.
ahle. A purer article was prepared
especially for the occasion, resduWep t
un implpable powder, and t'n gdun'
were administered three times a day,
followed by a swallow of'cod litpr oil.
No material change was discoyrable
in. the patient for two weeks. Sulden
ly, as it were, a fixed pain oflong
standing in the chest then abated1
sleep became refreshing, the appetito
improved, strength returned, addAfom
being moved about the departttei' re
elining on an invalid chiir; helig.!4ow
daily riding, on an average, iles
-on horseback, facing the '
breathing the cold w
aren wou w
thers, under simiiar c m.
stances, makes an effort with d e -.
pihate, combined yith cod lijj
CAPTURE Oli s r c
Shaulk has adopted a good plan-th'kill
off'those pests of farmers- bedks.
He erects a pole about ten feet: high
(and'probably a higher one -w$tld an
swer a better purpose.) The' lower
end; mstead of being planted in the
ground, is fastened in the centre of
two .flat cross. timbers, and. braced,
stones being placed on the timibre to
keep the pole from blowing ovsr.'. On
the top of the pole is placed a contson
steel trap, the lower bar being Yfaiten
ed securely te the top of the pole-by a
staple. He sets the trap in sonmeplace
where hawks are likely to come, -and
leaves it. -The bird, seeing.a nico
perch on the top of a pole, selects it
for a point of observation, and st soon
as he alights, the trap springs and
catcehes his legs. The pole can retdiy
be pulled over, the bird taken oat; and
the trap set for another. In this'ian
her, Mr. S. has caught 21 hawkf&' be.
sides a large number of owls. The* on
ly objection we see to the trap, iptOhat
there is danger of destroying ,,fher
birds, that are not only harmles, but
A Nxw SIDE-8ADm.E.-WO ~Jave
seen a capital article, the invert~ of
Disbrow, at his riding-school, o 20
Fourth Avenue. It rend ers horqan.
ship perfectly safe to the ladies J~the
addition of a new supprt on the out
side of the near crut, against. w~hich
the knee of the rider presses. At the
same time that part of the waddle
which heretofore rested upon the shoul
ders is cut out, saving the animal Jdont
those painful excoriations so -frequexitly
witnessed. This saddle holdsthrelady
firmly in her seat, and she may usafely
trust herself on a restive horse, astlop,
leap fences, and perform otheir -reats
which would be attended with ome
risk to an experienced rider'ocevjfing
the common side-saddle. 'We are
glad to see "this inventioh,, ad(we
doubt not that the ladies will @[b it
with much pleasure.-N. 7. f3i~i.
REcoviuY oir A -Los-r \Veng o.
FRiANLI.-Jt appears by a s~far ent
published in a London pieriodica'&f led
the Notes and Queries, that a copy of
the first work written by Deep" min
Franklin, when 18 years of age and a
journeyman Printer in Londehn in
17~25, has been found. All aft~ipts
to find a copy of it have hithertoutfled,
and it was supposed that they fi r all
been destroyed. In D. rrin'a
Autobiography, he mentions thiams'h'a
first work.' It - was written partIy in
answer to-WVollaston's Religion omia.
ture, and its title is, "'A Dissertat~on
on Liberty and Neesasitg, Plirun ' nl
P~ain, in a Letter toi a Frind,"' Wt' mnd.
dressedl to-Mr.i J)AMsB) II)Atmane
eoneludesa, " Truth will he 'triht,4 iag

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