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1 M * iUE.DAY 1UORNIIN
BY W. J. FRANCIS.
T E RYI
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Coirespondence of the Southern Standard.
WASHINGTON, April 3, 1852.
B1Xoth H1ouses were engaged on Fri.
ljr on.: the private calendar. The
Senate all day debated one bill. The
e ude passed more bills and despatch.
e4.qore business than any day during
t ssont Both Houses adjourned
Today has been quiet and still in
b city, and members appidired to en.
'Uholiday fonirkAbly well, theil
Ers having been very arduous foi
povertl.Weeks; and besides, the coun
ry will not object to adjournments
over, because when Congress is not in
.sesalon, the country is safe. Too muel
6g6itin is the tendency and bane :
4ll republican governments.
lThe Presidential struggle is rowing
ninterest and confusion olie orther
Whigs, who favor the views of Seward
seem determined to make Gen. Scot
the Whig nominee; and it is no,*
reduced to a certainty that the Southerr
Whigs will pereripturly refuse t<
support hini, unless ie comes out tin
eeOtcicdslly, Iff fhrvr of the faithfu:
#vtwitiff of the fugitive slaivd lit a'
4 Is. Itis now supposed he will makt:
a.,w*rlttei PlC esi lest he should
drive bff tfiar1e Soilers of the
Nortf.Wome oftie Northern politician
ave ibecome they will nominat<
cotti and eleet emboldened by num
Potse, and. declare him by a unani.
Pous -Northemn vote.-If Scott i
nominatod without pledges, the South
ern Whigs will unite with, a few Fill.
more' Whigs and run an indepen
gent- ticket. If Scott is nominated
with pledges to carry out.the Compro
mise measures, the Whig and Demo
tratie Free Soilsis will naike a nomi
aaton, and .support teir ovplj mani.
-The Democrats are in q al corifu
son. If the camdidate i..,, Imated ii
.ot accept to tlk State Rights ip'et
Vf:)le South, the will'-Ann an inde
dant ticket. ryy of the States di
ruhtiern Rghtas mne 6-e of opinTr
utistheir friends shO44ot be repre
edst aff iq the 060centior4 an<
left free td aceept'oirejec
mekThey are of opinicn
_7e too, that by keepinj
herialselves indepandt or a .
Is fon t 'their wishes will be or
rtain1u fulted by- the nominating
Convention; and this je the more aip
- parent when it is refiernbered, that b3
going in, they place themselves in
position to be absorbedig the Nation
al Demiocracy, iridirdetly pledging
thiemselves to :abide the Arnuination
whether acceptable or not. "'
Your State has never godet into th<
$afimor~e Convention, and it'would bt
Smost inopportune time now to chang<
har long established policy, when tli
chances are so great that three or toum
candidates may be in the field for th<
presidency. I would not be surprised
fthe least, if the Electoral College
il~ed to make a choice, anud that the
ee~tion would devolve upon the States
trough the House of Representatives.
lso, the candidate receiving the votet
ofE the Souith in the Electoral College
will doubtless be elected.
Wlio could ever think. cA flogging a
imw who possesses the pliysiba4 pow.
ems and' mnt'al' capabilities, imbued
*lth love of country, that the follow.
'itig eloquent and granhic illustration
so feelingly draws. The being thus
eulogized by an accomplished mind
and patriotic iceling--should not only
be treated well-bnt, be eligible
to the higkest promotion in the service
tieni we should indeed, have a llepub
lIcan Navy, and not an aristocraticav
lumA for the sons of the weahhvw.
WhVio is the Sailor i-In the eloquent
speech in the Senate on flogging in thet
Navy, Commodore Stockton said :
"X Who, 0 Senators ! is the Amer.
.cenn sailor that he is to be treated
worse than a dog ? lie has beent mn
companion. for more- than a quarter oi
a. century-thirough calm and stornm,
privations, sull'orings and danger. hi
peace and in war I have livoedwith. hinit
tabd'fought with, him. sidoe 117 side, on
sea and land'. I have seen him in the
Northern Ocean, where there was nc
night to veil his deeds. I have seen
him on-the coast of Africa, surrounde~d
byrPestlential disease-. I have seen
himamngthe WVest JfndiaL Islands,
in chase of pirates, with his parched
tWngne hanging almost out of his
mouath, I have encamped with him on
the htlifornia mountains, and on the
plais of the Mes-! have seen the
S.,. rays ofthe rnorning sun play on his
carbmne and -boardmng pike. I have
seen hinm march one hundred and fifty
um los through an enemy', country, over
mno.lntains and through rivers, with no
shoes on- hut those- of c*aaS, mrade
by- his own hand., and with. no provis.
km. but what he teek from the enemy.
1 hqav* seen his fe~et saritie~d b.y projee,
tlhg rocks, as ho hauled his cannon
over thehills,... I have seen im~i plunge
neeode R.io Salt Gabriel, and drag his
gun.afternhln -in the face of a gallingi
ikso from a desperate foe. .nd finially, I
have latid beside hirtion the cold ground.
when the ice has formed on his beard,
S8rhis heart has'beat close to my own.
I ('ughtto know inm. 7t do linow hima.'
AFFAIRS ON T11 R io GRANDE.--The
following is an extract from a private
letter to a gentleman in this city,
says the New-Orleans Piayune of
the 31st ult., written from Brownsville
on the Rio Grande. While expressinE
no concurrence with all the views o
the writer, we think they are of in.
terest to be made public:
It has been a matter of surpris<
to us here how little apparent interesi
the late movements of Caravajal oi
this frontier excited in New-Orleans
-The majority of the papers either dic
not notice it at all, or gave circulatior
to the many absurd and false rumor:
set afloat by the enemies of Caravaja
here. And yet, had the affair beet
successful, the cominerce of New
Orleans would have been materiall3
extended, and the interests of A mericat
commerce generally been greatly ben
efitted. Those who know somethinj
of the state of our frontier here wil
recollect the miserable dullness o
trade nine- moiths since, and th<
amount of goods which had beef
packed up for nearly a year, not onl,
in consequence of the onerous Mexicai
tariff, but also from every possibl
impediment being thrown in the wai
by foreign interest in Mexico. Thes
began to feel that they could no longe
monopolize the entire business, an<
they were and are willing to risl
everything to win a trade, the effect
of wbich they feel deeply.
Well, the first effect of Caravajal'
movement on the Rio Grande was t<
compel tife Alte-ient uflieers there t
lower the tiiff to d scale at Whiel
all coild aflbrd to pass, and cot:
sequeitly a markiet wits found fo
ote'r a million of dollars worth <
property. Tha fear of Caravajal's re
turn compels these oflicers still t
retain the reduced tariff against th
positive instructions of tile Genert
Government, which has neither th
power nor the means of enforcing it
orders.-What a miserable state Mex
co is in, torn with intestine dissension
and the Government without power t
The interior trade with Mexico la
been heretofore entirely under the ir
fluence of foreigners, who have alway
thrown, and will always -tlrow ol
staclesa in the .way of American entei
prise. In this they are unhappily b1
too Well assisted by the treaty c
Guadalupe Hidalgo. Was ever b<
fore a treaty made with a foreig
power in which American commere
was not placed on a footing with tha
of'the most favored nationsl
,a(4ravajal Is a true patr
kiolos the miseries and
Uid.States and' seen th.
ahd progress, wishes to sC '.
si'ngs f free institutions cxten:ed v
his own bppressed and b6nighte
countrymen. Ie has endeavored t
break. up the .monopoly o, foreig
capitalists as the first step towards th
ooomnplbhmont Ve izIt gtca' objeeol
~For attempting this he has beei
branded as a pirate and a traitor, bu
such calumnies only serve to rende
the purity and brightness of hi# g
acter more' apprent.- IHe hae ab a
unsucecesstid,- it'is true; but the Jerftki
Revolutions never go backward,
and the .banner of freedom wvill ye
wave triumphant over this oppresse<
and down trodden country.
GREAT REsULTS FROMi SMALLI Bi.
GINIos.-llert lk SIhwartz, .neOord
ing to common rep~ort, riaiviiig, in soin
of~ his experiments'in alchemy, piut nt,
a common mortar a mixuire of salt
petre and other combuastible material
accidentally dropped in a sparke, whie1
lie was astonished to see the pesti,
fly off into the air. TIhis incident fum
nished two ideas--that of the increased
power of gunpowder when confined
and that of its applicability to th
propulsion of heavy biodi. s.. Thes
Owo simple ideas, eapcied oiut inti
- practice,, produced guns, large an<
small, and revolutioniized the entir,
system of war.
Thle vib~rationls of thme lid of a1
ironi tea kittle gave the first hint o
the expansive powver of steam. Th.
hint, fllowed out through innumera bl
experimnents finially endhed in th
modern steam eniginie, which is t'as
revolutionizing the miode of both lain<
and water carriage.
The first idea of our modern rail
ways-and( it is a very simpjle ide
-came from a lme near Newcastkc
England. The plan occurred to som
one of' "laying rails. of timher exactl,
straight and parallel; and bulky eart
were made with four rollers fit
those rails, where the carriage wat
made so easy that onme horse woul
drawv fouir or five chaidrons of' coal."
Thms coal was convveed from thm
mines to the~ hank of the river Tyne
This modle was in practic'e in I1670
howv much' earlier, is not known t<
us, prob~ably to no onew; for, thtougli
a grealt idea, it was like mostV otle
great, ideas, thought of' little acecoun
at the time of its origin. Lik,
Ciolumnbus's method oft maukinmg ai
egg stars! on the big end by jarringi
so as to break the yolk, it wa
thought to be too simple to desery
any praise. Neverihehess out of thi
simple ide~a sprang onge hundred am
fifty years afterwards tile modlern rail
It htad been, noticed by chemnisti
that flame cannot he made to pas:
through.a titbe of small diameter. I
the hands of' Sir llumphrey D)avy
this fhet grow into the miner's safets
lanmp, which has saved the live
Thel magnet had beven for ceniturie
a plaything in Europe. At lasit it
propesty,. when f reel y snspeinded,
takinig a. Nurth amnd South position wva
noticed, arid applied to nvigatioi
This resulted iir the discovery of A
The now,.. r ofteinssy
discolor certain substances, had long
been' knoown.. -in, the hands of Da.
guerre, this great fact grow into a most
beautiful and perfect method of taking
From Volta's simple pile, to Morse's
magnetid telegraph, what a stride yet
this strida'is only the carrying out into
practice'of certain very simple propert
les of galvanism and-magnetism.
So we might go on to enuimerato the
instances in which a very simple idea
has ended in mighty results.-Otio
PUNcni's CnIMINAL. CoU1'.-Mr.
Punch sat for the purpose of trying
offenders, some of whoi, when brought
to the bar of public opinion, at once
pleaded guilty. The ibllowing are a
few of the principal delinquences:
An unhappy youth was brought.
charged with maliciously cutting and
I wounding the English language, by
r asking, "Of what sex is the National
Anthem?" and then replying, "Mas
culine; because its a hymn (him)."
-Verdict: Guilty. Sentence deferred.
A shabby-gentc person wats next
charged with uttering the following
a "What tree is it which i. not aflatited
r by the' season, and brings forth neither
I blossom nor fruit?-the boot tree."
After the jury .had been absent for
s seveFal hours, the foreman entered
the court, declaring that there was
s Vio chance of their agreeing in a verdict.
The judge told then that under these
y circumstances they had better go home.
A youfhful individual, with a vactimt
stare, was next put to the bar under
r the following melancholy circut.
f stances. Having passed the evening
- in company with a friend, he was
, about to bid the other good night,
e when turning suddenly round lie
, exclaimed, in a very unusual tone of
a voice, "When is fleet street like the
a country without a Government? When
there's no cab-in-it (cabinet)." The
, jury immediately returned a verdict of
2 acquittal, on the ground of insanity.
The court then rose.
..FAClNG-. T1E Musc.-It has been
a said tht, '"aill -discoid is lut harmony
understood." The music of Ole Bull
is considered only "tuning up," by
t a rustic auditor, and the caterwauling
f of nocturnal prowlers "discourses mobt
eloquent music" in the ears of the
i dismal tabby, whom it is intended to
charm. To the unitiated the recent
t discussions and striking manifestations
o , osition among the members of
mpeoratie party. onl the floor
ress, would not produce the
-ssion of an "harmonious burst,"
even of "a tuning of the in
I struments." They would convince
r outsiders that. the instruments were
I out of tuire, and the i musie" anything
, -but melody. -Yet., it- would appear
a that, the good tine is comiig, when at
e- the wave of -the hmin~ of the leader -of
;A the-orehestra ths fullband is to break
forth into a strain of rav'ishing sweet.
t ness, wvhich is to pacify the pacificautors,
r compromise the State Rights men,
soothe the old fogies, subdue the youing
u: Denrtoeracy, and last, though not least,
Sm'oothe the raven down of darknesms,
.. ,jrJiItit sme,
iu 1thlif peu'sor.*- 6f the Freesoilers.
t And this politiecal milleniumn is to
1 be brought about bf no niew Orpheus,
but by "that fll band" "ecn the
B~altimowre nom,~ination is made!"
This prediction, or prophecy, was
made in the JHouse, a few days since,
by one of the extrcmes"-a gentleman
a fronm Maine.
3 Mr. Appleton, in his speech in
thec lIouse on the 1-7th- of' March, said
a that wvhat the Whligs list'ened to there
and imagined discord, was only the
tuning of thte inistr-umenats. "Whenu
the Bhaltimiore nomination is made,"
continued Mr. Appleton, "we will
give thema a huarmlonious burst from'
that full band, whose music has driven
3 them often heretofore froma the field of
Who this new Ty rtaue is to be, as
the Mexicans say, Quien sab~e?
WITNSEsSs AND) JlUiions.--The New
York Conmmiercial Advertiser com-.
ments atcconsideranle length on the
committal oif D)r. Burnett, one of
the wvitnuesses on the trial of the alleged
' Cuban expleditionkists,. for i'eIsing~ to
ianswer a' qnes'ion'.- 'ile- iMvertiser~
dienounces the present mode of con-.
-ducting trials in their courts, and
wonders that witnesses and jurors will
'submIit to have their time an'id strength
wasted, simply to indulge counsel in
a display of tact in magnifying techni
* cal imnpediuments and difficulties. It
Sthinks that perhaps the refusal of Dr. BI.
S to) antswer wats perhanps premiatutre and1(
I illtimed, lbut liat, the point mamde by
himi was a good one-that he was not
on trial. and ought not to be comipelledl
-to become the excutioner of' his
slown reputation. T1he Advertiser
a says: "Thme injustice and cruelty ofthe
practice are bieconmmg so apparent
thait men arec drivena in desperation to
0 brave line and implrison menmt rather
3 than submj.it teo the exactions and
1tyrarmy of counsel, fmrom which
tcourts seem to b~e either unwvillinug or
i unable to protec't themt."
a| N~w DISEAsE.--The Cumberland
Il (Md.) Alleganian thus describes a new
-(disease3 which has made its appearance
in that neighborhood:
,'A disease which has bafiled the best
medical skill has bieen prevailing for
isome time past ini the Glades, the up.
,per part of' this county. lts apprmoac-h
is known by a slight pain, which soon
extends over the system drawing the
boidy nieaurly doubhle, andi (-a'using the
I most e'x(rutciatinig pamiin to the pe-rson?
a attacked, who is only relieved by
I' death, whieb usual ly~ takes phswe in ai
s few hours. Fnailies have been aul
.most entir-ely destroyed by it, and we
hear of an instanme wherec a widows and
three children wer-e attacked and died
ra -vre little child only escaping.'
TlSMIT I IANNER.
9StterviIe, So. Ca.
IOHI T..'GREEN, EDITOR.
TIEiAY, APItL, 18. 1852.
" Theres e IMn an which there can se no
#irsty f on in the South among those
4hoare~trte her, or who havm madti their
raindsinot tot stares; that is if we shotld be
brced toc ooA between resistance and submission I
re should tat resistance at aU hazards."
" To dothatrancert of action must be necesia-I
Y, not to save he Union. for it would then be
00 late, bui to sar ourselte*. Thes in my t'iew,
o07rert s is on hing needful.."-CA.uoUN.
W'hat -s the remed ? I answer secession,
anitid seceuionof the ilaveholding States, or a
arc nuirrohem. Nothing else will be wise
lothen flse be practicable."-CiiEvp.s.
:- bsars. A. W rITE & Co., are
%gents to the 1anier in Sumterville.
'"3LACKWOOD's nagazine for
kfarch isupon our table.
aw'lERE was a large meeting of
he Sonsof Temperance on Thursday
iight lat. They were addressed by
>ur fellowitizen JOHIN S. RICIIARDSON,
Fr., and Jilge O'NEAL, the father of
temperame in South Carolina.
7W I"aSUTi( arrived in Charleston
>n Saturdy last. Wenderstand the
people of that city behaved with be
20miing popriety on the occasion.
rhey maie no parade over the great
[ungariat chief. By this time we
presume le understands that Northern
mobocaer does not speak the feelings
rf the Aniieean people.
r Tp Court of Conuon Ploas
and Geneil. Sessions for Sumter Dis
trict adjovined on Thursday last. No
eases of i ortance were tried during
the term. The short session of the
Cort speiy well for the District. The
sessions -d ket took up but little time.
The misuore Convention.
Our atte ion has-been called tothis
matier. by eaing -an article in the
Southern Standvrd and also one in the
Southern 4PaIriot. We think it but
becoming) in 8;uth Carolina whilst
most of lkr sister Southern States are
preparino to' exert their influence in
the n6mination- to be made by this
Conventiini tiat she should also take
the proper ie.s to be represented hi
that body..., we ae .to remain in.the
Union and tbjectcd to the influence
of her.unjp aN. it is but right and
proper 1d.d exercise all the
npon us b' his onvention. 'We are
beyond a doubt, in the minority in the
National legislature, and our only safe
Iy is in the selection of some one to
fill the Presidency, who can and will
exercise the power vested in him -by
the Constitution, to control the over
riding majority. It is high time that
wle, aned d nr sparring among our
veadjoining in with those equally
imd alike interested with uts, endeavor
so aera t'- make our inflluence felt in
the aflairs of tYhe viati'on. Distraction
in our own' ranlis hia's d'oi~e 1nore to
injure s, than' the strengtl's of' our enec
mies. The Patiot suiggests t'hiat the
people in each election i-srict should
ippohit dhlegates to zrset in Columabia
rn the Fouirtli'Mondai'y in Asprif, if they
fail to do this, it suggests the propriety
A' the memblers of the Convention
ounsultintg about that matter afler they
have con vened in Co'lumbhia, adding,
there can be no difference between the
two parties ini this matter.
Coi.. .u-:Es Cit sSoU, Jn.-The
"Camtden J1ousrnal," well known as an
able anid zealous advocate of Secession,
in speaking of the nomsinaition of'
this ge.ntlemsan, say's:
W e are grat itled fo' see t~hs tottly
gent lemian, and our fellow-citizen,
nomninatedl by a writer in the Daily
State Rights Rlepublicans for Congress,
.1 position for which he is eminently
qusalified, byv his superior talents and
iubilities. We have transferred the
C-Ommuiciation to our columns en
tirely upon our owvn responhsibility.
We hope that Col. Chesnut may be0
induced to b'comie a candidate, in
placee of' Mr. WVoodwar'd, who declines
We shall1 not attempt to eulogize
Col. C.--he does not nseed our feeble
praise-he is sufliciently known and
lppreciatedl in this the third Con
;ressiona Il.)istriet. As a statesnman
we have ino feasr bit that our interests,
into his hands anid keeping, ill be
The P'ostmraster General lhas estab
lished ihe following new Post O0lices
in this State, for the week ending
Broxton's Bridge, Colleton District,
A. E. Varn, P'osttmaster.
Whitehall, Abbeville District, WV.
W. Waller, Postmaster.
Edistn Island, Colleton District, T.
II. Jenkins, Postmaster.
New Zion, Sumnt'r Dissriet, A. K.
NI 'G ibbsons, P ostmsaster.
MIUsIon-AL. ELEeToN.-'rhe fislloWi
ing genitlemaen says the Camidens Journs
4l of' Tuesday, were yesterday elected
afbekers ot, th~e town fvr the ensig
y ear': .. .
-INTF~znANT.---Dr. EC. A. Salmnond.
W Anaxxa.--U. WV. Chambers, C. 11.
Dais, W. C. M.... ad w A. A,.
The Augusta Conitibdeonliet and
?epublic, in an editoial notie of the
entrical performance of, Saturday a
ight in that city, thus adverts' tothe C
reakness of one ,of the most..nd- e
omplished tragedians of our day: C
Booth made a miserable failure in
Tamlet. His Royal 1ighness was
nost royally corned upon the occasion,
ind mouthed his piece and sawed the
tir in the very nanner he cautioned
,tihe players" against.
Ordinarily we have respect even for
he infirmities of genius; but when
)btruded upon the mpectator, who
>ays a dollar for the sight, they are
iot entitled to the charity of silence.
It fills the miid with melancholy to
gaze upon Booth, stupefied by liquor,
t veteran - agglig "supelrfuous on
ils fine genius clallenges our
pity that it should be thus clouded.
Mr. Jackson's Resolution.
The following is the resolution offer.
ed by Mr. Jackson of Georgia, -which
our telegraphic despatch of yesterday,
anounced as having passed the House
of Representatives, by a vote of 100
ayes, to 60 nays.
Mr. Jackson represents the Congrer
sioidal District in which Savannah is
included; was the candidate of tie
Southern Rights Party, and was even
claimed as a Secessionist.
Resol'ed, That we recognize the
binding eflicacy of the compromises of
the constitution, and believe it to be
the intention of the people generally,
as we hereby declare it to be ours in
dividually, to abide such compromises,
and to sustain the laws necessary to
carry them out-the provision for the
deliveiy of fugitive slaves, and the act.
of the last Congress for that purpose
included-and that we deprecate all
further agitation of the questions em
braced in the acts of the last Congress
known as the compromise, and of
questions generally connected with the
institution of slavery, as unnecessary,
useless and dangerout.
Treason Broke Loose.
What's in the wind now, that makes
the New York Stnr break out In the
folldwing strain of patriotic ~indigna
tie~n I Is there any filibustering going
on among the Charleston or Savannah
"We take one thing for granted,
viz: that no man, who loves his coun
try, will knowingly do anything caleu
lated to disturb its peace and prosperi
ty, or to countenam-e the acts of those
who labor for that purpose.
We take another thitig forigda,
viz: that the persons whodeli bengely
seek to cultivate a spirit of hostility
between the different sectiouinWf/the
Union-who exert themselves tb -Uhrmy
the interest, fealings and prejudices of
the people, of one state against those of
the people -of another-are engaged in
a wit disturb' our
d~iihtry's 'peace'dhd rospeity' -
"It follows, that it is our dtuty, as
good citizens,' to condemn' such traitors
-to refuse :'to recogni'se and thif''d13
chine to assist thenm in their.pfM$
dlesigns-to expose them to oua'feews,
in order that all others, &a%1#bo-,
somas beat patriotic hvai-tjyikp'yig;
ie imapulses, ma' avoid themn liko a
pestilence, and hold them up to that
contempt and negligence their dastard
ly condluct warrants.
"But, the law of libel will not per
mit uas to do this. Even the publica
tion of the truth would subject us to
expense and prosecution. We can but
intimate, therefore, that there is a line
of steamers running ti-om this port to
tshe South, which no Southern man can
pahnze withorut perpetrating political
smide, and' which no honest man can
supp6rts without forfA'ing his self-re
spect on the score ofjstce mAzid patri
"Of course we dare not particularize.
Bant, vre can onliy say to the friends of
the Union, bewmi'! investigate for
yourself! the cloven foot will soo~ex
haibit itself! Thec fiend is in your
midst! lie is subtle and profound !
Ie puts ona the smroothaest guise of im
partiality and innaocence ! But he is
onily the cat's paw of the Philistines,
and he does not his work less efP'eta.
ally, because he does it so secretly and
with such a show of perfect jnktice.
We aa f be more explicit at*n'
Dan:No BURGLARY IN SAvANNAH.
On Friday night last, says thec Savan
nah Mlornuing News, of the 5th instant,
a mxost darinag burglary was committed
in this city, which should be strictly
investigated by the auuhaorities, and
every etlbrt empl~oyed to f'erret out the
perpetrators. T1hae clothing store of
Mr. T.1. Porter, and the grocery store of
Mr. C. B. Scally, on the first floor of
the New St. Andrew's Ihall, corner of
B roughatona and J1eff'erson streets, were
ihreibly enatered and robbed. 'The
thieves effected an entrance into the
stores by taking up the iron grating
from the pavenment and entering the
collar, passing from thence into the
stores. They took from the draw~ers
of' each storc nil the muoney which they
contained. Fromn the gr'ocery store
littte else was taken, but from the
clothinag store a considerable amount
of' goods were carried ofr. On Friday
night, it will be remnem bored, theinoon
shone fair and bright, and it is a little
surprising that so daring a robbery
could be perpetrated in one of our
most public streets without the rob.
hers being detected in the act. Our
citizens naatur'alhy ask where were the
watchmen of that wvard on Friday
night? Could they have been: on duty?
The city pays a hecavy tax to sup
paort the night-watcha, and our citizens
have a right to expect that their pro
perty will be vigilantly guarded.
Naw Yona.-Both thei old and the
y'oung mleji's Demoeratie Conventions
of the State of New York, have endors
edi and approved of Lewis Cass as their
Xore isseTIT ijoa Cenipaxiy.
Therabove Company was organi ei
t the, meethig' 6f the stockholdorfiin
harleston, on 'the 1st inst., by the
Lection of the following'boald of of
D. L. McKAY.
OHN RAVENEL, W. M. MARTIN,
IMITH MOwRY, Jr. EDWARD KXE11mO,
I. A. MiDt.DLETON, W. S. BOYD.
Tu PREsIDZMOY-Mr. Buchanan,
n a letter to a lady friend in Wash
ngtoi, thus writes in reply to a hand
.nmy-expressed wish that he might
se the Democratic candidate for the
"I thank you most cordially for
Four kind wishes in my behalf in
egard to the Presidency. Should
the Democratic party of the country
uievate me tp that most exalted
station on earth, I shall endeavor to
perform its duties honestly and suc
lessfuly; if not, I trust I possess suffi
cient christian philosophy to enable
me to bear may fate with cheerful and
contented resignation; In truth, so
far as I am personally concerned, I
feel no anxious and ambitious longings
tor the prize, though, if it should come,
giatitude to the American people will
ever be engraven on my heart.'
OzoN-WvAT is hi-This was
a question often asked during the
prevalence of the cholera in 1850. The
last number of the Scientific American
thus answet-s it:
"Ozone is produced when the
eivctrical brush passes from a moist
wooden point into the atmosphere, or
when phosphorous acts at common
temperatures on a moist portion of
the atmosphere. To produce ozone,
take a clean piece of phosphorous,
about half an inch long, which has
been recently scraped; put it into
a clean quat t bottle, at a temperature
of about 60 deg. Fahrenheit, with as
much water as will half cover the
phosphorous; close the mouth slightly,
so that if inflamnation tak-es plaec
no harm may happen, and leave it
The formation of ozone will. quickly
occur, being indicated by the lupinous
condition - of the' phosphorous, and
the ascent of a fountain-like .column
of smoke from it. In less than
a minute the test will show ozone in
the air of the bottle; in five or six
hours it will be comparatively a
bundant. Ozone is a gaseous body o
a very peculiar imell; when concen
trated, it has an odor like chlorine
when diluted, it possesseir what i:
called the electric- smell.' Atnos
plierie air charged -strongly with i
renders breathing difficult, causes un
pleacant sensations, and producei
catarrhal etfrects. It is insoluble ii
water. It discharges vegetable'color.
like chlorine. It does not unite witl
flitrogen under .?
it acts pwerfully on metallic bodies
it perpxidizes lead and silver ver
quickly. It is one of the most pow
erful oxidiers that has ever beei
discovered. It acts upon almios
all salts, and is very nearly related i
its effects to ichlo:-ine. - The-discovere
of ozonec is Schonbein tlie invento
of gun cot to.
gg There is no doubt thiat, in th
event of another war between niavn
powecrs, some new plans for harbo
defencee will be devised with the aid o
steam aind iron. Some new scheme
of this sort have been already suggest
ed here. One is the construction e
iron: steamers, shot and bomb prooi
of such power that with them a hostil
fleet can be run down and destroyed
The details of this new mnachinme ar
said to be very satisfactory. It is t<
he hoped that we shall not have oces
sion to cry it. Our sea coast is entir<
ly too extensive to be defended at al
points b~y station~y *'rtifications.
But sotne principal points oi .the At
lantie, the Gulf and the Pacific ough
to be defended by forts.-C'omwe rcia
Dar.Ans oF MRssIONARIEs FRO3
STAavATION.-Six English missiona
ries, under Capt. Gardner, R. N., wh<
were sent out among the savages o
tihe Straits of Magelln,- in 1850,1fe
viefirns at S'panishLHarbor, last Sej:
tcmber, to starvation. A British ves
sel recently went- in search of thenm
and found the dead bodies of two e
them, and fragments of papers fron
the others, detailing their frightful sul
ferings. The last note of Capt. Gardi
ner was of the 6th of September, ai
which time lhe had been four day
without food. lt appears the seurv'
broke out among them in April, from'
which time they began to suffer fo
LInERATION OF THE mRiami STAT
Pnitso~Ns.-The Now-York Tribun
is indebted to the editor of The Iris
Amnericani for a slip from The Dublii
Freeman's Journal, of March 20, con
taining the following important ami
nouncement, which is beied to 'b
It is reported that orders have actr
ally been issued. from the Colonia
Oflice, or shortly will be issued, direct
ing the Immediate release of the Iris:
Exiles, subject to the condition tha
they are riot to return to any port c
the British Islands. Mr. Whitesid
had been an active intercessor for thii
THE SITiSONIAN ReCTUnE.--Th
concluding lecture of Professor Agas
siz on Friday evening 'v 's highly sat
isfactory to the respectable and admim
ing auditory, of-which the President c
the United States has been one, one o
the most attentive. It was annonnee<
b)y Professor Henry that these lecture
of Professor Agassiz will he publshmed
as we suppose, under the auspices e
ime -Smithsonian Institution itself.
Ari offi6ial report recuily publi*Wk
in Parain. albdies the op' rthatkiA.
portioni Q( the' opulation whidliwii#
by villi BIhij titdu AUj eba-ity, amount*I.
to sixtyth reetahousand jkhi5ydet
not-inlu'de -sieli~ a sro-sup rtedb)
private Iidividiss; the poW having
no means -9f. btuinjns thte statistics p(
this kdid lireliefk Tho wholoppuls.
tion of France living upon lhe-gratuit.
ties of others, whether supported lg
the State, or benevolent soectiak- fit'
set down at six millions.' SonO*Th
over the sixth part of the eOitfe a
lation. 'The frightful increasWi 1j;i
titutioi. asnd.;aisendicancy ii 3ransd.
may be seen at a glane, Wshen it'l
remembered that -VtAiro ca*lklu0?',
the whole.number of shr t*
hundred thousand, tinder Lodie XVYP
It is stated in the lasaeerht r
England, that s. oomplete recOniiat
has been effected betwenLo Jia -
Russell-and PalherstoM A' di
meeting was brought- about bet r It
them some days previously, whewg
mutual interchange of assurances '
given that the past would bb"
in oblivion; and they met.for ihO #A !
time in pibli at Lady' Pp;imrsie*W
soiree. .it is worthy wof r
showing the importpuee te$16
John Russell attaches to tis reneili
ation that ie and Lady .Rtssell o
amongst the earliest arrivals at
SorrU CMIOLJNA RAIL RoA.-Wi*e_
find the folowing item of gralifyiti.
information, in our valuable exqhangeA
the South Carolinian, which states
that, "During the month oW
just passed, there were trapo
over the South Carolina M
50,000 bales of Cotton; duriiahj,
month of March, 1851, there were
16,000 bales transported." 7
EMIGRATIoNN.-The number of eM
grants who arrived at New York lb the
month of March was .21,726,of Whoa
13,213 were Irish, 3162 English, 3810'
front Germany, 542 from France, ad.
405 from Switzerland. The nurmbe
who arrived at that port.. in Juanul
was 11,592, and in :February,.:
makis.the total in .thriee. mouths- 3
660. This is 276 short of thestanb*e
who'arrived in the three moIrhauf;ag
year, but an excess of over 600Qirhe~b
nwonth of March.
TI'RtY-FIVE FAMI . EN
HIouc.-The way some people ive(jta
New-York, would seeni to indicat
dispbsition-to gain Af'r plateerm
soarm.- Assistant. Captain McJ~enny,
of the 81st poliee district, ma'deas e
pdrt-.to the Chief ofa bouse inJAisek
streati .on. Friday, Aowned - by.Jaob
Frost, Esq., which is- oecupied by;
about thirt/-e families, among Ybkh
are fsiaby cases ofsmal I q
the re p r , - e a t ptg
A SOPUOMORK MAaRIEDa.-Mnr 'ed,
at NfW41Hvn,''n ' tie' 28th, uJ;
Daia'idl J. Holnes, of the Boyh61idro
t cass~ of Yale College' and 'Eild' .
On~ the evening following this
eynt, the Sophomore class rhaet nsd"
aopted suitable resolutions, onie 'f
which we give:
Resuhred, That in consideratin of
r the cryingf evils which naturally: re
j suit from such unions, rp.jpet
b ims with a cradle, . which,. .like th
purse (it ortunatus, we .trustpy
f niever be empty.
TuE INmIANS hN FLORIDA.-WO no.
.ticed, some days ago, the capture o f
aseveral imlians by Gen. I ojkins.'-e
These Indians are still at Paltka atina
-der guard, and we learn that one- of
- thsem states that there is a cauth ndm
i bering about thirty in the -vicinity or
- tihe place at which they were taken.;'
-It was the intention of Geni. 1lolkins.
t to take a sutlicient force and ende~avor
i to capture them.-Savnau
I hONTGOMERY, AL.A., APRIL 6L.Tggg
ARIRIVAL OF Kossurr.-The. ilhtstriE
>es Hiungarian arrived in our .ety..y.
f the Daniel Pratt, at about 5 o'clock'
I on \Vednesday afteroon~, and was ye
- eivid with much ner n
thusiasm on the part of the irnmens
c rowd thtat thronged the whiif ail
f streets. lie will be received an4
a address the citizenas at Estelld or 0
-cert Hlail, this evening, at krl~f.past ~
3 STEAM BiOAT ExPLOSION AND' Loss
SoF LIFE.-Sr. Louis, APRIL 4.-Ilst e
i evening the steamer Glencoe, ofNow.
r Orleans, while making her landlig
here burst all her boilers. She hd
150 passengers on board, a large ltin.
E ber of whomi were killed. The stettra.
ers Cataract, Georgia, 'and Western"
Swere lying alongside, and sustained "
considerable damage. They had se
c ral meon kille'd, but the-numbei Ia' t
known, though believed to abe larg&
3 The Glenece took fire and burnt- tO'
the water's edge.
I EPARTURE OF TIlE STDAMSeurbP.
- errie.-New York, April 4..-Tiha~i
ated States mali steamship PcIt~~
t tain Nye, Jeft at naoon -yetMed 1
C Liverpool. 'She carrielt
a much larger number thtan -at ThfV
r here in any European steamer fithe
past eight months. . 4
CmT.-New York~ A jM1 ri -
steamship Empire City, froniNeW
Orleans and Havanna, arrived hdethls'
I' morniqg, with 58 passengers- iid~v'
f small amount of specie, ,: o -
!i The lowest charge for ndverthisig
the London Tims, is aboutahter
I, lar's a squlare. Eveni a line aW t~~
ga marriage or death, coat 1A'vnt i