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j'J -" UMItER BANNER
:VERY TUENDAY MORN ING
- YW. J. FRtANCIS.
W DOiA RS In advance, Two Dollars
W fifty t'ents at the expiration of six months,
- .Threee Deltar" at the end of the year.
Spae discontinued until all arrearages
its Pae. tunless at the option of the Proprietur.
ldvertlsements inserted at 8EVENTY
1 Coats per square, (12 line,, or less,) for
use rist, and half that sum for each subsequent
Te number of insertions to be marked
oe Advertisenmenta or they will be published
atnt ordered to be discontiauud, and charged
gg GNIE DOI.LAR per rqimre for a single
inertion. Quarterly and aontbly Advertioe
1sets ,will be charged the same a'+ a single in
seipe,. and) semi-monthly the smeo as new uos
Correspondence of the Charleston Cuurier.
WasuIforozr, July 25, 1852.
The Senate's dlebate on the Fisheries
tuisilin, :wiill open the eyes of the
.untry to oh. fatct.that Great Britain
e a :oomnitted a gnoas and aggravated
.. ralge oa the-United States, by re rt
to arms, for the enlforcemiient' of "in
ewithout having given any uitice
w.hatever to ..the. gvernuwitt, of the
order itself. if they had given notiec,
-.there would have ben anli ieterial for
reionstrance ind ' for negotiation.
erase would have been time-, too, for
prparation for protection of our inter
este against violence ;, and the A meri
e hy fleet would have been aware
of thAer hazard, and either abandoned
- their business, or prepared to defend
thremselves. The eteithhiness with
whiehths Britis:h government, umamngtd
'th6 Initter is surprising." N~t the
elghteet Intimation ol' the order, or of
the means taken'to enforce it was giv
en to this government here, or through
Mr. Lawrence, our Minister at London.
Mr. Webster derived the infornationi
frpm the U. S. Consul of John's New
B$rnswick, who had got it hiinself by
* o ddent, and not by official oum auuni.
eation. Mr. Webster's publication of
notice to parties, the parties interested,
of the order, . was - .instantly followed
by an 'aocount of the arrival on the.
:se of action f -Adniral-Se'inour's
feet ofsteniffil of Y sseis of-war.
While the Senate wdr. 'mncd at the
intelligence and looking 'inxiously to
- see what the President was to do, and
speculating upon the probability of vio
lence on the part of the British force,
and consoling each pther with the idea
that there was no danger of war and
so cause of excitement, the British Ad
* uniel wax'doing his work. Yesterday
after the- adjournment of.the House,
eat &xdteuient was produced by the
d- patcbto Spaker Boyd, stating that
ha captures ad oommenced.
.There'ispo negotiation on foot for
te, arrest of the British orders. Mr.
- - Crampton has no powers to negotiate
on the subjeet. The (British Govern
ment has eliberately assumed a false
construqtion of the treaty nd deter.
-"t toexpel Aer' rom the
t rouids. Th re is no room tir
a n'negotiation. It is admitted that,
es $ ator Mason declared in the Sen
ate, It would be degradation for us to
offer to negotiate in the face of the ene
my's cannon. Mr. Crampton,~.1 have
reason to believe, wqunt to see:Mr.
-Webster upon business other than this
.jtestIon, s td which he has neither
advice nor authority.
We shall hear fromn the President,
IS ansWeS to the Senate rusolution, on
oneda . There is no doubt that the
AdMn..lstration concurs with Mr. Web
star in he opinion that the British con
* struction is wrong. But even that is
no longer the quetstionm.
I- subjoin'from the State papers the
opinion of Mr. .J. Q. Adams, when
*Secetary of State, upon -the 'terms of
she Convention of 1818. That was of
eewse ihe opinion of Mr. Monroo's
The instruction to Mr. Gallatin, one
of the Commisionersm, was to claim
for the United States all the rights
recognised In the treaty of 1783 iand
it will be seen that Mr 'Adams consider.
* ed that our representatives had secured
the whole coat fishery in every part
of the British dominions, except with
In three marine miles of their shore :
"The convention restricts the liber
ties in some small degree ; but it e
--large. themi probably in za degree not
lees useful. It has secured the whole
.nas fielhery in .every plart (of the Br-i
tish dominions, except, within three
marine rnile, of the shores, with the
liberty of using all the hiarboirs ih.r
shelter, for repairing damaige-s, anid for
obtaiming wood and water. It has se
eured the full participation in the La.
brador fisheries, .the mosit important
p art of the whole, and that of which
- -- It -was at Qhent p.eculiarhy the initen
tion of the British Government at all
event, to deprive us. This fishery can
atbe prosecuted without the use of
the nsgeriishores for drying and
euqinpg th . fib. ft is chiefly carried
on izn the boats close to the shores, and
the lees of it even if the rest had been
loft unafected by the same principle,
verdi hae-. heen a loss of more than
half of the whole interest. The con
venition ha. also secured to us the right
of drying and curing fish on a part of
the island of Newfoundland, which
*had not been enjoyed under the treaty
of 1'183. It has narrowed down the
preteations of exclusive territorial ju
risdiction, with reference to those fisho
ries, to three marine iniles from the
shores. Upon the whole, I consider
*- this intereet as secured by the onmven
tion of 1818 in a manner as adIvanta
geous s it had been by the oonvention
of 178$. We have gained by it, even
of fsahing liberties, as 'much as we
* hare ost, but if riot, we have gained
practicall7 the benefit of the principle
that omrhlberties in the fisheries recog
nised by the treaty of 1783 were not
abtogatedby th.warof 1812."
70s Lkquor-Law of Rhode Island,
en the Mea. eai, went Into opera
eaoie the 109.h ult,
Correspondenne of the Courier.
WASlINToN, July 26,
The President will probably, to-day,
send to the Senate in answer to their
call, all the information he may have
on the subject of the British orders rela
tive to the Fisheries, and also infirm
the Senate what measures ho has
adopted, if any, for the protection of
the citizens of the United States, em
ployed in those fisheries. The Pre i
dent will have a list of captures to
communicate, but not much other in
formation, except the British orders of
May 26th, which Mr. Webster had ob
tained from a source in the colonies,
and not from the British Government.
The President cannot, probably, say
that he has taken any measures on the
subject; and it is well known that
there are no vessels of war at his dis
posal which could be usefully sent to
the fishing grounds in-competition with
the British naval force. It was rumor
o : that the Albany had been sent to
the Gulf of St. Lawrence, but she is at
Commodore Perry is in this city.
He says that the Japan expedition is
not delayed for want of men-he has
seamen and marines enough. But it
is delayed, and is likely to be so for
an indefinite length of time, by the ina
bility of the persons emiployed to re
pair and refit some of the vessels to
perform that service. It will be seen
tiom this fact that there is no danger
of the occurrence of a collision between
our navy and the force under the con
manid of Admiral Seynour. It is still
a question, too, whether the President,
with the assent of Congress, will un
dertake, by force to repel the assaults
of the British force upon the Aimerican
fishing fleet. If he were to do that it
would be war. To whatever extent
prosecuted it would still be war.
The rumor that the difficulty was to
be the subject of negotiati.n between
Mr. Webster and Mr. ampton, is,
probabl - erroneous. Mr. Crampton
is with ifr. Webster in Beston; but it
is now doubted whether he visited him
in reference to this subject, or whether
he had htimnself certain intermation or
i-nstructions iii regard to it.
I he British Government appears to
he in earnest, and they will carry out
their designs and exclude the Aimeri
cans entirely from the fisheries; that is.
fiom- the most valuable part of them.
After this has been effectually done,
this Government can itake representa
tions in opposition to the violation of
the Convention of 1818.
I find, from the State papere, that in
1816, while Mr. Monroe was still See.
retary of State, and Mr. Adams was
in London, the difficulty respecting the
fisheries became very menacing. This
Govermnent had, in the ncuotiation
which led to the treaty of Gheit, main
tained that the rights of the United
States to the fisheries were unimpaired
by war, and refused to enter into any
stipulations other than t!.oou of the
t sety - 1783. Ikin' o.British Gov
errnent considering that treaty as ab
rogated by war, issued orders to expel
the Americans by -force from the fish.
ing grounds. Thlis Governmnent pro
posed then to treat on this subject.
Mr. Rlaguet was the Britishn Minister
here. Mr. Monro~e, in a letter to Mr.
Adams. says "Mr. Riaguet inute rmued
me of an order which had ben issued
by Admir-al Giifith to the Biritish
cruizers, to remove our fishin~g vessels
from the coasts of those provinmces,
which he would endeavor to havet re
voked pending nego tiation. i s at
temtpt succeeded." Trhe atlair is ve-ry
dit1K-ently managed now; and the
British Government have closed the
door to negotiation.
Mr. J. P. K~ennedy, the new Secre
taryv of the Navy, is at his post. The
Cabinet have been in conelar e dailv.
Mr. Cainrad, the Secretary of War,
has beeni talked of for the vacant seat
on the hench of the Supreme Court.
But it is said he will notn accept it.
Gen, Jackoess and Gen. scott.
A reminiscence of Gen. Jackson and
Gen. Soott is revived by. the Wtashing
ton correspondent of thu Newv York
Jour-nal of Commerce :
"In March, 1829, Gen. Jackson sue
eeded to the Presidency. Between
Gen. Scott and Gen. Jackson there
had been personal ditiieulties dating as
far hack as the 3-ear 1815.
"tan early stage of the new ad
mrinistrationt, Ge.n. Scott called at the
office of the Secretary of War--Genm.
John II. Eaton-and tendlered to him
his resignation as Major General in the
"Gen. Eaton, a very col, consider.
ate mani, and frienidly to Gen. Scott,
begged t- rernonstrat -. against t his
"Gen.i Scott was, however, hent up.
(in his putrpose; and he added to his
explana! ion, that, his iamrily were~ ini
Europe, and that ho was about to go
out, and join them, and should he ab
sent some mouths, perhaps a year.
"Geh. Eaton then requiestedl Gen.
Scott to remain in the city, and call on
him the next (lay.
"Gen. Eoton went to President
Jackson and in formed him of the into
view, and~ that Geni. Scott had tenider
ed bis resignation. Gen. Jac.ksoni re*
plied "I suppose Gen. Scott, thinks
that on account of 01(d difliculties he
tween us, I am unfriendly to himt
which is not the case-and therefore he
wishes to resignt. Now, Mr. Secretary,
do what you please in the mattter, but
treat Gcn Scott in precisely the samie
manner and with the amne considera
tion as if nothing had never passed be
tween him and me."
"The next cday Gen. Scott called at
the War Oflice, and1 Gen. Eaton in
formed himi that, as he wished to go to
Europe, he (the Secretary) would give
him a furlough for twelve monihs.
Gen. Scott accepted it, but, still left his
resignation In the hands of the Sto-e
tary, to be acepted or not.
"Gen. Scott wont to Europe. A fter
about ion months' absence, he ret,,-,d
to Newt ork. From that city he ad
dressed litter to Gen. Eaton, Scere
tary of War, thanking him *for his
courtesy, and .expressing a desire td
withdraw his resignation. Gen. Eaton
replied, sending him his letter of re
signation, and say ing that he was much
gratified that an oficer who had con
ferred so much honor upon the service
had determined to remain in it.
"It was of course, in the power of
Gen. Eaton, at any time, while the re
signation was in his hands, to endorse
his name on it; and that would have
put an end to Gen. Scott's military
GaS. SCOTT.-A correspondent of
the Cleveland Plain Dealer writes
from Ravenna, Ohio, on the 10th July,
that the night befhre 'Hon. D. R. Til
den, a freesoiler, addressed the Scott
Club, and read a letter just received
from B. F. Wade, Whig United
States Senator at Washington, in
which said Wade writes:
41 have this day had a conversation
with General Scott, in which he de
elared he would sooner cut. off his right
hafl than lend it to the support of
RECEPTION OF a. \ EDSTER AT
hi'ARLFInLI-IMIMORTANT SPEECH. -Uos.
ton, July 25.-The reception of Mr.
Webster at Marshfield yeterdav, was
a grand affair. le arrived at Icings.
ton in the ears at 4 o'clock, accon.
pauind by Charles Lamnian, his
private Secretary, and was greeted by
an immense concourse of citizens. IIe
was received at the depot by a Com.
mittee deputed to accompany hint te
Marsfield. Business was suspended
along the route, and the roads were
crowded with men, women and chil.
dren. Arriving at Marsfield, the
procession entered Webster's grounds,
and halted in front of a rostruin erect.
ed on a hill, around which an immense
number of Webster's friends and
neighbors had congregated. The
lon. Seth Sprague delivered an
address of welcome, to which Mr.
Webster responded in feeling terms.
Ile said he had not looked for such
a testimonial of regard and such
a welcome' home. His heart was
deeply touched, not by the brilliant
display around hint, but by the
fact that the community among whom
he had so long dwelt, who knew him
so well, should have manifested suel
unbounded esteem. After proceeding
further in this strain, he alluded to our
Mr. Sprague, ho said, had been
pleased to refer to recent occurrences,
upon which he did not- deem it fit for
hint to say any thing as the time had
nut yet ce(:1. Whatever lie had good
or valuable in him, he would hold in
his own keeping, and not trust it to
the waywardness of others.
lie then alluded to the fishery ques
tioni, and said it wod.*d not beemnc
iy mnch on that point, until
lie ospuke oflieially, but -he wouli
assure them the administration would
n1,)t. neglect the. inatter under any
circumnstanies. - The fishermran h'<
cotinued, hhall be pro tected in theim
rights at. all hazards. - Whyv should
they not? Most potenmt cneune
were involved. The fisheries wer<~
the nurseries of a navy, fz omn whieh
the most. glorious triumphs had
sprung. Their sudlden interrupt in
by England cannot be justified byv
auy prinipfle or cons iderti on what.
ever. It was wholly unjustifiable.
The treaty oft 188 was mzade with
the crown oif England, and if' a ves
sel is capitured and adjudicated ulponl
th -crown is answerable. We kniow
whom to deal with. The United
Slates will never permit their rights te
he adjudicated by petty provinces, noi
allow our vessels to be seized by
petty oflieers and condemned byv
the municipal courts of Quebee and
Newfoundland-No! no! ! no! ! ! I~e
then branched off upon other top.
ice, when the ceremonies closed and
the meeting adjiourned.
IFrom the New York Times.]
'Look on this Picture, then on that.'
Deerber the 5th, 1851.-'This
was a dhay of prodigious agitation int
New York; there was no room in any
bodyh 's brain for more than one topic,
or wordi, or dream or thought. It was
all and always Kossuth.'
Seven months pass. We quote
[From the )w York Time.
July the 14th, 1852.-'lIle has left
us on this focurteenthi daty of July, the
fact of his departure uniknowu, and
wsithbout even a handtul of friends toi
bid him God speedl.'
Tite ScASoSs w leEi.NI.-Frloim
the tith or l8th~,' ofJne, till the end
of tihe nionthi, there is In) iighit. The
siun disappears ir a short timi e behintd
the hill s, hut tw i ilit and dawnt are
bilended5 tpogether, aid t he last rays ut
evening havi e not faded fiomt lie sky
befibre the imorning light bre.,ks forth
with rentewed briilliancy. I was in lee'
land from the 15th of Mlay till lie 2thI
oif J uly, anid all i thogh I never wentI to
bedh bulbro eleven o'clockeh I did not
onuce require the light of a cacndlle. lin
May, as well as toward. the end ot
July, the twilight lasted about two
hours, but it was never dark. Eveii
at the thume of' myv depart ur il could
see to read till half-past elevein. At
first it semied very stralinge to go to
bed at broad daylight ; but I soon ge t
used to it ,;ind no .'unshine was bright
enough to keep met aiwake aftler ch- en
o'clock. It. ofteni strick Iine as very
rid iculIons, however, ti go * ut ihr an
evening stroll about tenl, ai hjind moy.
self in thme fil flIght, of day, inistead of
the soft glimrnering of' the moont and
DoUUTFUL.-A wotnait dowin-east
is staid lately to) have gone three days
withoutspeaking a word to anybody.
Thu San 'fsrnardino Settle
It is generally known to our readers
that a large and flourishing colony of
Mormons have established themselves
in one of the finest portions of South
ern Califbrnia, and . during the past
winter have been actively engaged in
agricultural and mechanical operations
and in laying the Ifundation of an ex
tensive and important settlement. We
have recently conversed with an intel
ligent gentleman, for many years a
resident of the Southern country, who
paid a visit to the San Bernardino set'
tlement not long since, and during his
sojourn among the singular and mis
.guided people wsho compose the colo
ny, acquired much interesting informa
tion regarding. their social relations,
plans and prospects. -
The -San Bernardino rancho is rep
resented as one of the'iost fascinating
spots in California. It comprises a
large tract of highly arable land, with
easy, access to a finely timbered re
gion , and is crossed by thirty never
failing streams of delicious water.
The Santa Anna river courses through
the valley, along the entire exte of
the San Bernardino tract, which is from
twenty to twenty-five miles in leng~h,
by sinoles in breudth. The rancho
is-well stocked with horses and cattle,
and possesses all the varieties of soil
and diversities of surface, added to the
matchless climate of the South, to
make it the garden spot of that dis
trict of California.
The Mormons purchased this rancho
last Fail for about seventy thousand
dollars. Anasa Lyman, one of the
twelve, and elder C. C. Rich, both riien
of great shrewdness, anh unbounded in
fluence among the Saints, acting as the
agents of their people, in effecting the
purchase.- The amount paid for the
land was the joint investment of about
live hundred emigrants from Salt Lake,
who entered the Southern country by
the Cajon pass, under the lead of elders
Lyman aid Rich, appointed on the
mission by President Young. After
the bargain was. concluded, and the
fiumi.ies had removed to the lands of
the ranch, about two thousand acres
were set ofi; in allotments for each of
the colonists; in one immense field.
This tract has been ditched and
fenced and sown with wheat, each of
the holders of the 'land constructing
that antaouit of ditching required to
enclose hi liId on one side, the whole
five hundred allotments having been
fenced in maid sown as one enormous
wheat tiet41., At one corner of the
- big field ".: as it is called, the Mor
mouns erected a large hort, during the
days of a greatened Indian invasion of
the lower yountry, into which they re
moved ull their families and effects,
living in urninon, in true Fourier
Style, and 'preserving their religious
organization with untbroken faiitli, un
der the direction of their presiding
When our informant was among the
San Bernardino settlers, there had been
fir several weeks a cessation of labor,
on aecounmt sf the unsetled state of'
alairs about them, anmd w ithitn themi
selves. TIheir spiritual adviser and
chief' directr ws, of course, Elder
Lyman, who wats assisted by Elder
liush. Conside'rable dissatisfaction ex
isted among sonlie ofI the Mormons at
the muannerin whiich a quatitity of' land
beloznging to thme Rancebo had been ap
port ion'ed by their rulers. it was plain
that Lyrmu atnd llich had appropriated
thc most. valuable lots in- the divisiovn
to themiselves, and wecre preparing to
set (JUL vinecyards on their own account.
A meeting was held ,to discuss the
mnatter' on'e Sunday moring. TIhe
saints were collectedl by thbe blast of' a
born, which uns~ blowtn by a black
Qabriel in a inost am tistic mianner, and
when they had assemibled in the great
hall, Amasa l.ynmn arose and puit the
comnpanuy to the blush fihr having raisedl
a qpuestion and a doubtlt against thle or
dained of' God, lie enided by purcha
sing a quantity of' grape cuttings of one
of the breihren, and enlisting the ('tee
labor of fifteen or twenty of'the Saints
to se't t hems out, in the fields all. tted
to Elder Lish amnd himself, promising
to repay their services with vines at
the end of' three years ! Suchi is the
itfluience ubicsh the :rulers have over
the p'eople ini the Church of Latter Day
It is quite probable that Lyman and
Rich in whose names the Sa'n liermani
(dinos Ranch was purchased will take
excellent care to muanalge the atihir's of
the new set tietnent most wiselY to their
own initerest miud proflit. 'They'are both
menh of shrewdnzess and cunning, with
Iponer in their hands to regulate the
soc.ial, dome1ic'tie and pecuiary colt
eerns of the clyaswell as its spirit
unaI aiirs. They ar'e the appointed
amnd empow~ered Io'f Brtighami Yoiung and
wield amn immtense influenuce among
thirl clhuirebi briethren.
Thle 5:m1 Bernardino settlement at
preiet numbnhers about one thousand
souls, we are informed and accessions
to1 this ninb er take place by trahis
f'riom Salt Lake mnzthly. Tlhe afihirs
Thea. settler. are busied ini the ce'etion
ofsaw anda' grist. mi lls, and~ have recnt
ly dis. iver ed somue very extensive and
vaslusaldle timbler' landi co'nvenmient, to
thii a'p la'ce. It is e'xpe'tcd t hat a
large emi gration fi om England will
settLi ott the Berna rdiino lands dur iing
lie cominu g Falt Ion which proispeCctiv'e
increase of pop'1ulat i'on the iMormoitns
puredicUt thle hope1 of' founmding ai city
secon'd to nonte in Cal ilernia.-&n
Francisco Alt/a Cauliforna.
Smzit tiers is a geniis of' Graifin
Jone's' stmp. 11ie driniks yeast ev
ery inight to. rise early in the morn
inig. atid recommtnends thle ('at ing of
iindigou to his friends troubled with
the "blues," upjon) the Ilomoephatie
principle. ",Simila similibuw cutran
THE SIMTER BANNEI.
Sumterville, So. Ca.
JOHN T. GREEN, EDITOR.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1852.
" There is one ,oint on which there can be ne
diversity of opinwn in the South among those
who are true to her, or who have made up their
minds not to be slaves; that is if we uhould be
forced to choose between resistance and submission
e should take resistance at all hazards."
" To do that, rencert of action must be necessa
ry, not to save the Union, for it would then be
too late, but to save ourselves. Thus in my 'iew,
conrert is the one thing needful.."-CALuoue.
" What is the remedy ? I answer secession,
united secession of the slaveholding States, or 4
large number of them. Nothing else will be wise
-nothing else will he practirable."-CIuEvzs.
Em" Mes.srs. A. WITE & Co., are
Agents for the Banner in Sumterville.
r' Communications intended for
the Banner must be handed in on or
before Saturday morning, and those
favoring us with ailvertizements will
please let nu have ther at least by
8 o'clock o'n i v.
C?- c T Hy rnorning last. the
lion. J. A. WOCnWARD, passed through
Colnnbia on his way home-he was
apparently in fine health.
--------.-"-. - -
C * WVE wvoutld call attention to
the curd Mr. .oions F. IILi.Anu in re
ference to the' E'ktit'n of Tax-Co ller
tor. It een: a :ep ort is ini ci cilation
that he had declined being a candidate
for the ofliee of Collector-the object in
putting forth the card is to correct this
oua. J. A. Wooiwartl.
WE are indebted to the lion. JOSEPH
A. WOODWARD for the speech of the
Ion. M. P. GENTRY, of Tennessee,
upon the bill making appropriation for
the expenses of the-fsidian department
but availed himself of the conimon law
which permits, when in Committee of
the \'hole, the diseission of.any oues
tion regarded as importvit -to the Re
public. His remarks are made upon
the Presidential Elo'tion.
Wz have received the first No. of
Whitaker's Southern MAfgazine, printed
by JonsToN & CAVIs, of Columbia.
The table of conterts is full and quite
interesting. We .are glad to hear the
work has met with favor throughout
the State, and Mr. WrIIITAKEE informs
us that he has more subscribers in
Sumter than any other District except
Charleston for which he feels grateful.
We desire earne}'y to recommend
this enterprise to the favorable conside
ratiin of our readers.
The Disabter of thse Henary Clay
BAL.TIMORE, July g9.
Up to 11 o'clock, this, Thursday
morning, some 40 bodies, mostly of
females. had beeni recovered from the
wreck of the steamer Ifeury Clay.
which was burned on \Vednesday
morning near the Palisades on th~e
Iludsuon River. Another telegraphie
despatch. however, which has been re
eeived in this city, st ates that '71 bodies
which hadl been recovered up to the
hour above umentionied. It is general
ly supp.osed tha~t sonme thirty or forty
are .still umiisinig. amion g themi those oif
Mr. and Mrs Owen Fe-rnell, of WXif
muington, N. C., the wife and two
children of Professor Bailey. of~ WVe-t
Point, Mr. Stepihen Allen, ex-Alaivor
of New York, aund his wife, &c. Aliss
'Tuicker, of1 Ailledgeville, Georgia, was
serioumisly U ued, and W Vill is 1I. Pres.
cott, of Louisiana. There is also, somei
baggaige saved t hat hai I~th
claiCled.em Itio.k dM .E
ton, N. (C.
sive heat u. bva .b. nr
the puirpo-e oif rar;: n% ab. Ihiin::
curred at 4 delock .i zh eonn
nearly all the pa-.Lenga, w.ere in Ihi
bert hs, and thle sceao o ew
terr ible.-C(o urier.
RssT.oAN OF'':e.-..... arn
f'roiin theXX Winni.hb . . ('. Daily
R&egister, that ont z:.urJi.A lasit, ionet
Isaiac Naiice, sho t a . e-be by t he
namre oif Maitthiw Pe '''rew, near
Monticello, in &tield.
ft appears t hiat N\.a l'C een
charged withi gamning. .and. a w1arrant
was issuied against him anui Ilodged
with Pettigrewi, wiho w~as. attemipting
to arrest. hiini wheLn Nanco shot him in
Nance has been coimmit ted to jail to
await his trialf for biotha fTnees. It.
is not known whether Pettigrewv's
wounds are considered dange rouls or
Both Nance and Pettigrew are citi
zens of Fairfield District, and the lat.
ter is said ail ways to have been quite a
harmless, peaceable, in itTensivye moan.
'lENN EsBEE FOR SCOTT-The Tri
h'une, in calculation oif Gen. Scott's
chane -s, claims for him the vote of
To which the Knozville Plebian re
plies thus: " Weo are surprised at the
(deliberate impudence of G reelyv, in
putting down Tennessee for Scott-he
ought. to know that the woolyheads of
this State would even nowv gladly
make a compromise oif the matter, by
giving the State to Pierce by 10,000
majority, and 'say nio more about it.
But we can't let them off so easy.
Surely, Horaoe 'doesn't read the pa.
The New York Expros,In ut arti
ele upon the subject, gives the follow.
ing account of a new theory :
"The writer sets out with affirming
his belief in what he calls the Geologi.
cal Theory ; that is to say, in brief
terms, that this disease has its origin in
the earth, and not, as many others be
lieve, in the air. Not a single person
ever died of cholera who believed in
this theory, we are told, or who prac
ticed on that belief, but there is a sin
gular absence of facts in this connec
tion, which is not likely to inspire im
plicit faith in what is said. As the
origin of the cholera is in the earth, so,
too, the best specific for its cure is to
be found there too. " Rain-water,"
then, we are informed, is just the thing.
"No one ever died of cholera that
drank copiously of rain water."
" It never becomes epidemic in a dis
trict where rain water is exclusively
used-we hear of no deaths in fitmilies
in our vicinity where that water is
used exclusively; nor in Charleston,
Natchez, or Vevay, in Indiana, or cer
tain Islands in the West Indies, where
they have no other than rain-water.
It will be found on examination, that
the difirent outbreaks of cholera which
we hear of lately, all occur where cal
careous water is used; had the labo
rers on the rail way near Covington,
and the victims of cholern in Mays.
ville, been furnished with rain, or
boiled tauter, they could not have fallen
under the deadly grasp of that disease.
The cholera fell with dreadful maligni
ty on the convicts in the penitentiary
at Alton, Ill., in 1847, more than one
fiurth of the whole number died ;
since which they have had cisterns to
catch the rain water and are permitted
to drink no other, the medical attend
ant, Dr. Hart, says that the general
health of the prisoners is much im
proved, and no cholera cases occur ;
but several of the Irish laborers on
the Alton rail way have di.-d of chole
ra this season, who used the spring Nfa
ter ; limestone abounds in that vicini
" In 1832, the cholera destroyed a
great many of the Iris. laborers who
were employed at the head of Syca
more street, where they used water of
the same spring that carried ofl' so ma
ny victims in 1849. At the former
period those laborers worked near
where Mrs. B. lived, and now lives,
her family used rain water, and made
use of all sorts of fruits and vegetables
of the season and yet they all escaped
A Curious Description.
A gentleman ium Paris writes the
I saw through one of the windows
of the Mayors oflice in the twelfth
arrondisemneut, what seemed to be the
body of a negro hanging by the neck.
At the first glance and event at the se
coG ?l took, i fr a humaii'tming Who
disappointed love or periaps an expe.
ditious judge, had disposed of' so sud
denly ; but I soon ascertainued that the~
ebony gentleman in question was ai
large doll, as large as life. What to
think of this I did not know, so I ask
ed the door keeper the meaning of it.
"T1his is the' Contraband Muem,
was the answer ; and oinamy .-howing
a Curiosity to examine it, lie was kind
enough to act as miy ciceron.ie.
In a huge dirty room are scattered
over the floor, on the walls, and along
the ceiling, all the invenations of' rogue
ry which had been confiscated tio'm
time to time by those guardians of' the
law, the rev enue oilicers.
It is a complete arsenal of the weap
onrs of smaugglinag, all, uufortunaately,
in cornple'te confusioni. Look beibreo
you, there is a hogshead dressed uap as
a nurse, with a child that holds two
quarts and a half. On the other
side ar'e logs hollow as the Troj-m:
horse, aand filled with aarmaies of s'gairs.
Oin the door lies a huge boa-constrie.t or,
giirged w ith Chiaa .silks ; and just be
(land at, a pile of' coal eurioeusly perfo
nee at lwith i al-a( is ' co tton.
Theu. c'o:ore.d genth-m'zan, wl ho( exc(ited1
m;y ey miathy at first, meot w i ir his
tt undle r the follo w ing ci rcum tstiances'.'
HeI w a Ilt of' tina, painated black and
stoo d b ke a hepduck oa' Et hopa.'n cha.
u urt 'n the foot hoard of a ca.ige
fa T::e ; by his f'eet aand haandk. 1e
...iteqet iy passed t hrouagh the gate
at.d wa, well knoawn b~y sight, to ha
.'olldiers who~ anticed that he0 was ail
ways .lhowing his teeth--which thr y
tsupposed to be tihe custom of' his coun.
One day thet carriage he belonged
to was stoppedI by a criowd at thaegate.
Teewas as usual a grand chorus of
yells and 'aths, the voical part becing
pe'rforaued by the dIriversand cartmen,
and the instrumental by their whips.
The negro however niever spoke a
single word. Hlis good behav'ior do
lighted the soldiers, who held him upf
as ani exaamle~ to the crowd.
"Loo~k at the black fellow," they
eriedl, "see howv well he behaves!
Bravo ! migger bravo!I"
lIe showed a perfect indifference tc
" My frienad," said a clerk at a bar
rier, jumping up the foot board, andi
slapping our sable friend on the shioid
er, " we are really very much obliged
Oh, surprise ! the shoulder rattled
The ofl'icer was bewilder'ed, he souand
ed the footman all over and foaund ho
was made of metal, and as full as hi
skin would hold of the very best con
traband liquor drawn out, of his foot
The juicy mor'tal was seized at one<
and carried off in triumplh.
The first night the revenue peoph
drank up one of' his shloulders, and h<
was soon bled to death. It is now sia
ayears since he lost all the mroisure o
of hi yse and was a educed to
*r * iuA d 7,
with tha grea htrias gf eYli vr ig'
Newman.. the iaenio of
is well known in the literatire lozi
gy. h e was the Nleadinitnted po
the Puseyt m chieleti t r0a UW"t
Since that day hie isas gone itlvha -
and baggage to the eneiny ;and itB
now the pride of the Egiksd
Church. While Newman isi anit
tate from Dr. Achilli 'is a rent
the Protestant array. lie is an Its '4
priest who has renounced th'e Pope,<and
for sometime past las mad& tgre
noise in London by lecturing ild-wii -
ting against the church he ibrmerly b&
longed to-aiaking revelations -of ts
conealed enormities, and- manufii t- ='4: '
ring cock-and-bull stories about uh
vents, &e. In short, he appears bu bea7 ''. '
a larger sort of Leahy.
But some bad* reports goti abroad
about Achilli; 'nd r. Newman-got
hold of them. Ile came out sometime
ago. with a piece''of reverend billiags'
gate which %e have seldom-sem' sur
passed, in which he charged directly;
that Achilli had been ignomniniqusl)
expelled from the church on account ot
various scandalous transactions which
Achilli, backed by the Protestant
clergy, brought his action for libel.
Newman ph aded justification, and pro
duced in court a variety of interesting
witnesses from Malta, Venice, Corfu,
and other places in which Aebilliliad
lived before he turned Protestant leo
turer. There were womnci whom h'
had seduced, mistresses whom he had
kept, husbands whom he bad corneted,
all of whom gave the full details of
their transactions with Achilli. ' Then
came police officers who had saved hint
from the beatings and delivered.him
from the knives of divers love-s, broth
ers and fathers. Also the heads of
colleges from which he had been-ex
pelled, authorities' of the Churchih
had thundered on him its ceinsures,
wite the records of the ecleslisicui
courts before which he had been tried
and cendemaned at various times for
bringing scandal on his religiuui.
The counsel for Dr. Achilli had
no evidence contrary to that which
Dr. Newman l roduced exeept) the
denials of Achilli himself, and the
testimony of one Poggi,. arnither
renegade Italian priest, who swore to
the good character of his birthor
Yet the jury decided that theo was
no justitiation; in other words,. that
not one charge in Newman's libel had
been proven, and that none of tb
Catholic witnesses,-gra.t or small,
w'ere entitled to crediuility.
'Those who read t. e trial,, find it
impossible to attribute such a iesbultt
any other cause than religious spite
and prejudice. Never :did we see
a verdict so directly in:2 the teoth of
evidence. The trial is2" -rwbritin
on the EFngiush Con e
.Oenduct of it was disg'ra reul._
Campbell, who as t
judge, frequently interrlipt .
ceedings by inflammatoryladd'resses to
the jury about the':nt f c
And when the audienuce cheered. himt,
instead of ordering his office~rs to
preserve order, he would reli~at the
remark he last made over again that
he might be cheered. .The verdict of
the jury was received' with defening
shouts, and there was not th& slight.
est attempt by the court -to check
themi. Indeed, since the da'ys 'of
Gates, Bedloes, and th6 feet who
were able to bring the best 'brood of
England to the scaffold by apipeals to
this s-amae English bigotry, there has'
noat been such another scene itn the~
courts of our race. .The Ql~d spirit of
No- Pop -ry blazes up agaip,' umdimi
med by the progress of the ae and2
the advance of civilizatioai. e did
taut suppose such an aflair. was pos.
sible ini our times.
R~EMARKABLE ErrECTs ow Lon-r- -
saso.-During a thunder ashower on 4
the 8th ult., the hous of Joseph Har
ris. in Wi lliamasburg, Me., was struck
hlightning, the glass broken out, and
the house very much injdired.: There
wvere twelve persons in -the hous
amoirng them Mrs.;'Dunning, Mrs.
liriggs and Miss Charlotte Holden.
Miss Hlden states that her sight,
iearaing and j ower of motionleft her,
aind s.he fell upon the floor, retaining,
itowever, her coansciousness.
shie tried to scream and to mv
but in vain. In a short time her sight
was c estored, and rhe was taken out
ito the rain, and water poure'd upon
her. 11cr heai-ing was partially r
stored, and after a tim6a the numbness
left one side, but remnained' for several
hours in the other side, rendering it
impossible for her to walk. Ier
elothes were torn and burnt, one of the
sleeves of her sack retit into atoms,
her wvatch broken and her shoe rent to
Mr s. Hlarris was sitting near Miss
Holden when the lightning passed
down the side of' the chimney, passed'
entirely round Mrs. Harris's waist
and arms as she wvis holding an infant,
burninag as it passed, leavihg the child
untotuched. Mr's. laurris was prostra
ted, and also several others in the
house. butt no one was killed, and none,
ont the whole, received any permanent"
injury. A bonnet in the room was
teurn in many pieces, and not a-vestige
of the wire could be found.
COMPLIMENT~AY.T he following
sentimett comnplimewntary of our dis
tinaguishied fe'llow-e-itizenr We -find'
amonig' the toas'ts given at the clebra
tieen of'.. the Foiiitl at Bennettsville,.
Miarlborough District: : ,
'lly S. J; Tjown'asend, Ora'or of the
d ay.-Col. James: Chesnut, Jr.-A
genatlemlan," whaosd privalte chniacter, .
political haonesif, aned stiperior talcnt,'
w ould confer honaor upo-n"C Iarolina. h~
LIanv station- she mightain hime.c