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DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE, SCIENCE AND THE ARTS TE ~ -w w Dla PrAnant W Jr. J. FRANCIS, Proprietor, Ot - t)n, i O Ad ance. VO iL. VI. S9UTERVILLE, S.., AUGUST 24, 182. POLITICAL, From the Southern Standard, 17th inut. Iiterestisag Correspondence. The following denial, by General Pierce, of the Boston slanders against him, appeared on Saturday, In the the Washington Republic. We have no hope whatever, that it will be satisfactory to the editors who have so diligently circulated charges sustained by such unreliable testitno niy, and bearing on their very face such unmistakeable marks of bitter prejudice and personal rancor. Should these editors even make a pretence of doing justice, by pub lishing the denial, they will not do so fairly-but, like the Republic, they will, no doubt, accompany its publi cation with unfair and illiberal com mentaries. The Republic has thought vance, for its seeming liberality in publishing the letter at all; but let them comment and carp as they may, plain honest people will consider the . letter a frank and positive denial of the slander. The following is the correspond ence : To the Lditor of the Republic : Dear Sir. On the appearance in your paper of a charge intended, if' not calculated, seriously to impair and perchance to destroy the confi dence of General Pierce's Southern supporters in his soundness on the slavery question, I addressed him a l'iti, Which, together with his reply, I now ask you, as an act of justice, to publish. I make this request, presuming your object, like mine, to have been the discovery of the truth. Very respectfully, EDowrN DLEoN. Washington, Aug. 13, 1852. WASIIINGTON, July 17, 1852, Dear Sir:-Enclosed you will find an article, in which, as one of the editors of the Southern Press, of this city, I took issue with myO col league in advocacv of your claims to Southern support for the Presilency. That action was predicated upon my belief of your entire soundness upon the slavery question. Within the last week a speech, purporting to have been delivered by you in Jan nary last, has been reppblished from two Democratic papers in your own State, (which are said now to sup port you.) On the truth or falsity of this, much depends. Neither those with whom I act, nor myself, can consent that any doubt should rest on a matter of such importance; but, pas.,, cn ;..',,,nn on t. fn less frankness of your character, on their behalf and my own, I respect fully ask of you whether that report, which your Southern supporters be lieve to be without foundation as op. posed to your previous course, is cor rect ? The peculiar position which I oc cupy must plead my apology for troubling you with this letter. Very respectfully, your ob't serv't. EDWIN DF.LEON. -.Gen. F. Pierce, Concord, N. II. CONCORD, N. II., July 23, '52 My Dear Sir : Surrounded by pressing engagements, I seize the earliest opportunity to reply to your letter of the 17th instant. I much regret that anything coninected with myself should have been the cause of disagreement between you and gen tlempen with whom you have been as Bociatedl in the editorial department of the Southern Press. I do not remember to have seen what purports to be a report of a speech delivered by me at New Boston, in this State, in January last, until my attention was called to it as republished in the Rlepublic. The pretonded report is, and I pre suime was designed to be0 an entire misrepresentation. It is not merely untruthful, but is so grossly and ab surdly falso as to render, in this vi cinity, any denial of its authenticity entirely unnecessary. The two pa pers quoted -the Indlependent De mo crat, published in this place, and the Democrat, published in Manchester - are thoroughly abolition journals; and have boon and are aealously op. *. posed to the Democratic party. For a long time prior to the :neeting at New Boston, and ever since, they have been uinspairing in their attacks upon me personally, arnd in theijr bit tor denunciation of what they have been pleased to term my pro-slavery I sentiments. But it wovld be something new for either of these papers to deny the I consistency of my opinions upon the I subject of the constitutional rights of < the South in relation to slavery. My i opinions and the avowal of them have been everywhere the same. < Ever mindful of the difficulties and i dangers which so long brooded over t the assemblage of wise men and pure < patriots to whose spirit of concession < and earnest efforts we are indebted for the Constitution under which we I have enjoyed such signal prosperity, advancement, and happiness, I have c regarded the subject as too vital and delicate to be used as an element of I sectional appeal in party conflicts. I My action and my language in New Hampshire, touching this matter, tang hoon at all times and under all circumstances in entire accordance I with my action and language at I Washington. My votes in the Senate and House of Representatives were not repub- i lished in the Era for the first time. I They have been again and again par- I aded to arouse the passions and pre- i judices of our people against me indi- 1 vidually, and against the party with which it has been my pride and pleas. .1 are to act. 'T'here has been no at- i tempt to evade the force of the re cord. It has been at all times freely admitted, and my position sustained f upon the grounds satisfactory to my own mind. I am not surprised to know that the attempt to prove me < an abolitionist provokes much meri riment among men of all parties here; i and this weak and untruthful sketch i of what purports to be my speech, t is really too ridiculous to be consid ered in any serious light. ] I am in the daily receipt of letters, propounding the greatest variety of curious questions, upon all conceiva- E ble subjects. Letters of this charac- I ter canno(t be answered, of course. t No individual could command either the time or strength the herculean task would require. I may add, < that such a correspondence would by t no means coinport with my views of < duty. The Democratic party sent t its delegates to Ihaltimore not alone to nominate candi-lates, but to re allirm principles and to present the leading issues upon which the can vass should he conducted. If I could deem myself capable of improving the platform there adopt ed, it is quite certain that I should decline, either at the call of individ uals or associations, to incur the charge of arrogance to which any 1 cdtprmot to alter, amend, nr enlarge it, would mneiv tdel:. '1'i'-ct me. Your letter is of an entirely diller. ent character. It seeks truth in re lation to an alhlged fact ; it speaks of history, to which too searching an appeal cannot be made. I appreciate the estimate you seem to have of my character for directness; and beg you to accept my thanks for your efforts to vindicate my claim to that trait, at least, before the public. I am, with high esteem, your most obedient servant, FRaANx. PIEaCE. Etwrx DELEON, Esq., Washington, D. C. Thte ElIectoral Question-Hon. William P DeSaussure. In examining into the history and progress of this great question, we were gratified to find that the published opinions of one of our distinguished fellow-citizcns and United States Senators, are ini most respects coinicidlent with our own. It is known that Mr. D~eSaussure never exoresses an opinion on any grave political ques-< tion without the nmost calm andl careful deliberation. TIhe op4inions of such a man,' then, thus formed< are entitled to very serious con sideration. We copy from the "Southern Chronicle,'' of Sept. 11i, 18414. Mr. DeSaussure, was at that time, one of the candidate to represent Richland District ini the State Legislature. Several initerrogatories had been propounded to the candhidates, among which was one, (t.he first in order) dlesiring to know whether they were in favor of giving the election of Electors to the people, or retaining < that election in the Legislature. Mr.< D~eSauissure's answer places thea q1uestioni in so strong a light; he ar;gues it so briefly, but at the same brbear copying the whole of what 10 says on that topic. Mr. Editor: My absence frort he District for some time past ha: )revented an earlier reply to tht 1uestions propounded in a late Chron cle to candidates for the Legislature. l'he right of the people to know the )pinions of those who propose tc epresent them is unquestionable, mnd as the canvass has beer onducted without any public dis :ussion, I most cheerfully avail my self of the oportunity afforded of stating distinctly the views I en :ertain upon the important subject; embraced by the interrogatories. I have not before me the paper >ropoundng the question, but one is :o this effect: Whether the powei f appointing the Electors of Pres dent and Vice President of tlh United States, now exercised by he Legislature, ought not bc ransferred to the people? I am of opinion that it shouhl ;o to the people. The system nort n operation is unnecessarily com )licated. The people elect a col ege of Electors, to wit, the Leg slature; these elect another col ege, to wit, the nine electors, the State is entitled to, and this last col ege votes for the President. If il s intended that the peoI.le shall hav< any agency in electing the Chie Iagistrate, why these two removes 'rom the original source of power' l'here is nothing in the Constitutior which forbids the people from ex reising this power under the sane ion of the Legislature, and an op nion'has grown up and been acted ipon by the other States that boti he Constitution and sound policy re juire that the power of electing th< L'lectors should be vested in the peo >le. Thu Constitution says, Art. 2 cc. 1: "Each State shall appoint, nch manner as the Legislatur< hereof may direct, a number of lectors," &c. And every State it he Union, South-Carolina alon< xcepted, has, by law, voted it he people the power of appointing lectors. It may well be argued hat this universal acquiesence by ill States except our own in thal onstruction of the constitutional )sovision is entitled, upon a doubtfu luestion, to great consideration. Ihave faith that the constructior >f the Constitution, carried out b3 mr act of 1792, by which the Leg slature assumed to itself the powei )f appointing the Electors of Pres dent and Vice President instead u1 iving it to the people, was a doubt 'tl construction. The Constitutior lirects that each State shall appoini fectora in each manner as th< Legislature thereof shall direct, am t has been held by (istinguishet Statesmen, whose opinions this Stat< )as been accustomed to regar( with high respect. that the exercis< >f this power by the Legislature it elf is nothing short of usurpation. These opinions are well set forth: nt an able argoinenat recenatly madh >eforo a political association in Tharleston--and while I am boundt :o say that they have not satisfied ny judgmient that the Legislatturi >f 1792, [under thme lead of somne o lhe must distingumishied men o he Revolution,] was guiltyo Isurpation anid thmat for lifty-thre< wears it has beeni exercisinag, una hallenged, a most important fune in for which it haas no wvarrrant it le Constitution, yet .1 am of opinium hat prudence demands that the Leg slatuare should forbear to exer cist 'urther a power consideredl doubhtfu )3y many, especially whaere no greal >rinciple of publie policy will bc lamaged by the surrender. Whaether minorities will be bet .ir represented under the genm nral ticket system, (which has beer udopted, I understand, by all th< >ther States, or whether the peo >le will acquire any other power thai hat of recording their approbation o tnomination of Electors elsewher< uade, I will not stop to dliscuass; hui ho proposed change is certainly ~ot open to the ohjections which mave been urged against giving t< he people the power of electing~ o0 othices of profit. The appointnmnt is merely lhon rary, the trust is speedily ex ctutedl anid a heated per'sonmal can rars is not perhaps to be anticipated [iut it is a high anad a most imn nortant trust, nothing short of mak ng the C'ieaf Ma;gisate of t country. and in my judgment, the people aroeentitled in pursuance of the fundamental principles of our form of Government, to have as direct an agency in the election as the nature of the case will admit. Palmetto State Banner. MISCELLANEOUS. Thoughts for the Working Classes. We find in the last received Liverpool Mercury, a second Rath. hone Prize Essay, by Thomas Row. lands, Journeyman Zino-Plate Work er. The subject is "How the working classes may best improve their circumstances, so as to raise the physical, social, and moral condition of themselves and faunilies.'' Considering that it will be doing the laboring classes a good service, we publish the most generally important portions. In his pre&tory remarks tle;ossayist says: If our position in life is not what it ought to be, we are perhaps too much disposed to blame others rather than ourselves for our misfortunes. Parliament always comes in for a goodly share of our sins, forgetting how small i part of our ills it can cause or eure. It is well known that no act of parliament can make a drunken man sober, a wasteful man thrifty, or a wicked man moral.---So. cial advancement does not depend so much on the removal . of this or that law, for social advancement does nlot of necessity follow political advancement. The people of France lately made a great stride in political advancement, when, socially: speak inthey made none. 'Ihus, we think, it is plain that whatever the working classes may obtain in the shape of political refhrms, their social condition will always 'depend upon their own individual ex aiOns. One writer has saui, " The wav . 'wealth is as plain as the way to Market; it chiefly 'degepnd n s'T ' ti~wo" wds=in. dustrf and frugality. H ADITS AN'D CNDITIONS OF TilE WORK INO CLAssES. As society in general is moving upwards, we'may inquire whether the working clsses are making the same strides in social advancement? -We think, on the contrary, that a large miajority of this class will he found in the same position now as that they occupied when they first cet ered life. There are 'many mechanies who receive a wage of 30s a week, or .C5 a year, This is as much as is realized y clerks in banking houses, dis-enLting ministers, and others, who are expected to appear as gentlemen, and whose cloth tg, consequeintly'. mLust cmne heavier - thn that of the necliamnie. To live thus ereilitably, and free of debt, they mutost practice rigid econ oly and ihresight, and buy nothing Ibuzt what is really wanted. There are thousantds of families an utg the imidlle classes engaged in this noble struggle to better their cir eutlttstanei anid to keep up their seIfrel et. We can see no rea st oin why the working man should nut be as contfrt al e and as respectable as the pro!fessional man of the same means; but if we complare the two cla ses tA get her, how few~ of' our me-j cbiemis cant compejite M ith them int comforiit atid fuiture prIospec(ts, It we vis~ it their respective dwel ~lingsr ' we 'shall probaflbly find the pro essial man io livin iniu sonie neat co ttage~L in the outsk i rts of' the town, with a .nmall flo wer' grountd belbtre the. door, ini ublichm he di verts his evning Ihours int thme smttmetr montths; whilst lie imecanlaiie withI the samae *t1inte oiccuiesi5 t a ose ini somei dlirty, closeN, and ill-ventilated court or alley, inito which a suinbeatm nov. er eniterts, and where lie fresh air of havent is co n verted lhv the suirremuinitg filth into poisont. Th'e profesionazl has amnother ad vantage over thet weorkman~n, itona uich as he did nt elicteumber hi mselft withI a w ife ad fionily until lie coui do so withI somtte c'ertainity of f'utuire prospects. att unifo rtutately our' f'ello wi~' ork ien conitraettmaorriagTes wheniSi scare ly ouit, of their tells, and not unt requenttL'ly beforeC theyc' have served the wahole of the titm e of appr'ent icesip; thtus i ncuriring thle serious obl igationis of a husband, and1( shortly those of a fatherci, w ithmout the least provis ion, except, p erhiaps, the exes of lie day-andI that tioniley ver'y oftent is borrowed. I lenee heo and his d aependanut s con unee a i f'e w hich ini a g reat nitmb~er of' cases wvill hle lit tle bette tc' hati a lif o (f lanrd stru1g gingC with poverCity anid want; for' uni le'sswe have savedl mioniey bef'ore mar tinge we ha~ve butt little chance of dtinig so with three or font' additioni al mouths to (ill andh so many backs to c'lothel. In conisequenee oif this the chiildr'en of mechanies are put to work when Vcre' conu , t rure %*Ci' on1( with lit. tie or no schooling; thus checking edu cation in the bud, to be followed, per haps by total neglect during appren ticeship. By this course they are igno rant of themselves, physically am mentally, and of society ; therefor( ignorant of the laws which govern ou actions as members of the social svs ten. Being thus reared in menta darkness of their responsibilities as social and moral beings and of the natural objects that surround them, i is not to be wondered at that such met spend their leisure hours in idleness or among the noisy revels of a tap room. Although the working classes are much neglected in education, w< humbly think that if those of them thus neglected were to apply their spare hours to rational purposes, they could yet learn enough to derive a pleasure from that which is now t< them a burden ; they would then see labor, instead of being a curse, the ge catest blessing conferred on man by a benign Creator, for labor is the pro muter of health, strength and happiness of man. They could learn, also, tha the world is adapted for the enjoymndn of man and not fur his woe. IIOW DO THEY DISPOSE OF THEIR TIMI AND MONEY. Taking for granted that the workini men labor ten hours out of tlg twen ty-four, and two more for meals an nine for sleeping and dressing, the; will have three hours daily on their hands, and on Saturday perhaps four or five hours, which altogether make about twenty-four hours a week inde pendent of meal hours. If we add t( these hours the Sundays that are s< frequently misspent, the whole amoun to a deal of' valuable time, which il many cases is thrown away withou anything in return save bad habits an bad health. The working classes has ing on Saturday more time and more money than on other evenings, it is o0 that accouit generally devoted to som, kind of recreation, the fature of whic very often is decided more by cha1e than -frminejufpm arrg ftq , 1 sequently that evening is spent b; those persons in pleasures of a ver; questionable tendency. But with i great number it is the commencemen of a debauch that generally continue until Monday noon or Tuesday morn ing, which by degrees Will grow into a regular habit ; and if a habit in thi is once formed, it is of little momen whether its victims being working fil or short t imne-his pocket and purs will be in the same state, empty ; o be will be busy at the work of makin, them so. Upoin these habits a large number 0 our fellow wordmen spend the greate part of the leisure time. Not only i their valuable time thus mispent, hu an immense suim of money is likewis misapplied and taken from its lcgiti mate channel of' trade to that (if buy in' intoxi(nting drinks, tobacco, &e. 1o the first of these articles upwards o fifty millions of pounds sterling is an nual ly spent in this kingdomun, which i at the rate of ?10 a year fhr even family, rich and poor, ein the country For the second, which is very large1; conisi;mned by the working classes there is upwards of fiv'e millions ster hug spent annually. Closely connect ed with the above habits is anothe large sum-that paid at the pawnshop in the shape of interest on art ile pl edged, to prolcure t he means of iii dulgiig iln thosee habits or to layn~ il the necessmie is of' life', as thme wage that should have U en appi l ied ihr thu purmpose were suandeied in dissipr tioni. In 18-10, there were in Limvei'pool n less than 19 of' these establishment, aind ,,uipposing that each of' them miad a clear priofit ofi ?200 a year, that u the whole will aminount to ?41l,70C which sumi is independent af' their e., penses, which, of' cou rse, moust comn out of' the p~oects of those who fre qfuenit such establishmeints, who ar (chiefly wvork inmg men). It is the aboi' anid otheri had habnits that draini th pockets of our workmien of every spar pennyi, and they (rente and conIiirn the had practice of' coinuing dail; lhe w~hole of' what is daily earned. 11I short, lie ma n who inid ulges in habit of this kind has neither thle means 11o the will to payV due aittenitioni to th physical or the moral wants of' himnsel or his famnily, ]i s clothiing will b dleficienlt iln quantity and quality t< prlotc~t the system ini this varying eli miate. Simp11 le nurishing 100(d is b hirn stuperseded by that which allar'd the greatest stimulantt to his vitiatec palate and languishiing frame. 'riE PI'IYSICAIL FFtEeTs OF INTOXICATINI sTIMttLANTS. Doubtless the etleets of' intoxientin1 drinks are the most direful on mei amnd 01n societ-y, illn~~ conseuece of t hei being more freely indulged in by al classes, and in the majirity of' case are the cause of' other haul habits, suei as smoking, &c. We seldom see ai habitual drinker but that he is a habite al smoker. According to cheiec'l rt senrchog. mnn%' food should cnntal both heat and flesh-forming principles. -The sarne authority state that alcoholic . drinks are entirely composed of the heat-forming principle, without any of those elements which administer to growth and nutrition. As their effects are only, heating, it may )?e asked, can we not obtain the same heat in a sun pier and less dangerous form; for, by heating they stimuitlate the nervous system, quicken the circulation, and produce intoxication. On this point the eminent Dr. An drew C4ornbe gives a similar testimo ny--" Many persons imagine that spirits taken in moderate quantity can not be injurious, because they feel no immediate bad efrects from their use. If the fundamental principle which I have advanced is sound, and if all the functions of the system are already vigorously executed without the aid of spirits, their use can be followed by on ly one cflect-morbid excitement; and it is in vain to contend against this ob vious truth. The evil attending their unnecessary use may ngt be felt at the time, but nevertheless it is there." We could add many more testimonies on this point, but they all agree that alco holic liquors of any kind should be ta ken only as medicine. TOBACCO. Medical authorities state that tobac co also acts on the system as an intoxi cant in whatever form consumed. It is only because it does not produce that excess of intoxication known as drunk enness that it is considered less perni nicious. It produces disorders in the mucous membrane of the larynx and palate, seriously deranges the stomelch, and afllects the action of the heart and lungs. It denorajises the feelings, creates thrist, and the habit at best is dirty and idle, and should ~ in no case be used unless recomnended by a rme dical man. Such are the direct physi cal etlcts of indulging in the above habits: we shall now consider how , they afTect mai as a member of society, . TU- tgJti a bt JNTEMPERA CE mN *ntemper ance prbdicesnotesrly the scorching mouth, the dizzy head, and t the shaking hand on its victims. but t very often they are driven to the brink of want and tdependence; and if they - fall over that prucipice they are lost to all manly dignity and independence of inind. They will now be the constant visitors of the parish office, or some I other chariutblc institution. In short, for the greatest part of their wants they are stipendiaries on society. The man who thus becomes a Iauler oni the good will and benevolence of his neighbors evidently cannot be recon ciled with political or social indepen dence, for these principles were sacri ficed on the altar of self- indulgence. If man, by intemperance and improvi - dence, thus casts an evil amd reti-o grading influence on society, how ap palling must it he to those who sur t round htis domestic hearth. For it is true that the influence of home, in which a human being is rear ed, is gieater than all the influences he lmay afterwards be subjected to ; if it is the homiie that governs the nations, and that those who hold the leading strings of children there have more power in their hands than those who wield the reins of government ; if in the hiome the character is Ibrmed for goo.d or ir evil--it is evident that he - who is a stave to intemiperance and its iiccomitanit evilIs retards not only the progress of his own genecration, but tthat of ages yet unborn. Our deede - grow and flourish wvhen we are ihrg~ot ten. It our children are brought, uz 'in filthy, ill-ventilated, and dam -dwellings ; if their homes be the scenes of dliscontenit, str-ife, and quar-relling i where a kind word is seldom or niever ,exchanged between those they look -iuponi as patternis for thenm to follow the prpe developinient of the physi - cal or miioral nature of man under such ci rcumstancs is u tterily imipossible. liut these arc niot all the evil influ ences that the pi-olligate exhibits to his family and to tihe world, lie tr-ifles with the solemn responsibility he uni de(lrtook. to procure his fihmily the nec cessar-ies of life. 1 [is helpless children with their- innocent faces, look to him -as their strenith against, all adversities and tiroubles. lIeI, heartless mian, dis Iregards all their eloriuent, pleadings, and throws the burde-n upon society. W ithi such men, reason tihe br-ighitest gem inl human existence is dethronled anmd laid aside, and in her place reignm selfishness and cr-uelty, oir anmy othei base feecling that may suit, his vile pur poses. The end of such a life will be an untimely grave, leaving his unfor tunate finnily without a penny, to buif fet as they b~est. cain with the hard world. The hand of charity, though w~elscomt to the needy, is cold, and her git'ts arc valueless, comipared- with the wages o: ind~ustry anid the honest saivin rs of tfru gal labor, for these carr-y with therr more real blessings than the estate o~ - a duke. - ~wlAT TO DillNK, Since man is ugt to drinhi lntoxica ting liquors, and as he requires a large quantity of liquid of some kind to sup. ply the waste that is continnally going, on, it may be asked=-What 'beverage is most consistent arnd most con ductivo' to preserve health? If we observe' those animals that follow the guidpned, of an unerring instinct insteadisf s vil tinted palate, they invarialjly prbfei the limpid streams of pure water td any other element for allaying thirst,' There is little doubt but that water Is the beverage our Maker intended also for the use of man, but, dwing to it4 cheapness, we are, perhaps. too apt to' disregard this natural and healthy ele. ment. As medical authority id3IrA. ble on these points, we shall 'eN quote from the work of Edward'Johi son, lM. D.:-" To a man labonin under the very last degree of'. tlijistt even fIl ditch water would be a inns delicious draught; but, his thirst lar: ing been quenched, he would tyri4 from it with disgust. In this instance of water drinking then, it is clear that the relish depends not on any flavor residing in. the water but on a certain conditipn of the body' it; therefore, we only took drink is4ien drink was required, pure water could be sufliciently deliciousi but ie Beek to give to our drinks.'eertain exeiting flavors as a substitute for that" egsl, which should of right reside ip ours selves, and we do this inzdrce to ena ble ourselves to drink when dribk' is not required. It is absurd,'therefdre, to say that you cannot drink water be, cause you do not like it, for this onlyg proves that yos do not want it: Since the relish with which you enjoy drink depends upon the fact of your requiring drink, and not t 'all upon the nature of the drink itself." ECONOMY OF MEANS. Next to the right application of time is required the proper management of means. Something has already been said of this virtue; its objects are to better every mazi's conditioit in life through his own ind dssety . atrbn fuora aMy y; ' ou ling either friends 'bI parish difice; 'It is the bounden duty of' every nia to make, if he possibly can, some prdvis, ion for those contingencies that are'tho common lot of mankilid, such 'as dull, ness of trade, sickness, and old oge..-. To accomplish this, in most eases, it is not requisite that the' working man should deny himself of any of-the common necessaries of life, but only of those articles that are not only un. necessary to health 'and" comfort; but, according to the authorities already re, terred to, are highly injurious to the system. Let every man ascertain how his little income is disposed of; whether he pays most to the banker or to the publican,'to the clothier or to the pawnbroker, to the butcher or to the tobacconist, and he will soon see If he cannot spare a trifle for the dark and dreary future. In the hour of sickness, for instance, what a boon a few pounds laid by would be to the possessor. With this he can command the immediate attend, ance of a respectable medical man, and, owsng to his prompt and timely aid, the progress of the disease will perhaps be arrested, and its cause re. moved ; consequently, much suflering, if not death itself, prevented. It will also avert the gloomy anxieties con. eerning the means of subsistence dur. ing this calamity, and enable himself' and family to reposc cheerfully on the strength of their own industry, In~ this country, trade is subject to fluetun. tions, from causes that wve have no control over; and when at low ebb, great has been the sufferings and pri. vations among the working classes-at least, those of them who weore nt thoughtfui of the morrow, For this rceason it behooves every iman to exercise such econonmy when trade is good as may enable him'seilt and family to wecather the commercial storm, without being under 'the necs, sity' of borrowing from his friends, or committing every portable article to the care of the pawnbroker. A work, ing man free of debt, with a 210 note in his pocket, is in a positioni to be envied by one half of our titled nobili, ty. With this he and his family could remove to another part of the country, he could emigrate to A merica, where the highest wages are paid tar labor; or he could shelter snugly in his eabiin while the storm is passing over, with, out endangering -the good o'f his friends, for as the old adage says-"If we help, ourselves' our friends will like us'all the bettor." ggg Why ia en evergre $re0q like a book ? Because thie leaves are not ohange4 by the frost. Son.,The girls in Northampt ton haveo boee sending a batchelott boqzuets of tansey and wormawood, Ite 8ays ho dozn't circ i le ha4 rq:~ theor smell them than matrimony'.