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The Sumter banner. [volume] (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, August 24, 1852, Image 1

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C' . K;.**;*7.
DEVOTED TO SOUTHERN RIGHTS, DEMOCRACY, NEWS, LITERATURE, SCIENCE AND THE ARTS
TE ~ -w w Dla PrAnant
W Jr. J. FRANCIS, Proprietor, Ot - t)n, i O Ad ance.
VO iL. VI. S9UTERVILLE, S.., AUGUST 24, 182.
POLITICAL,
From the Southern Standard, 17th inut.
Iiterestisag Correspondence.
The following denial, by General
Pierce, of the Boston slanders
against him, appeared on Saturday,
In the the Washington Republic.
We have no hope whatever, that it
will be satisfactory to the editors who
have so diligently circulated charges
sustained by such unreliable testitno
niy, and bearing on their very face
such unmistakeable marks of bitter
prejudice and personal rancor.
Should these editors even make a
pretence of doing justice, by pub
lishing the denial, they will not do so
fairly-but, like the Republic, they
will, no doubt, accompany its publi
cation with unfair and illiberal com
mentaries. The Republic has thought
vance, for its seeming liberality in
publishing the letter at all; but let
them comment and carp as they may,
plain honest people will consider the
. letter a frank and positive denial of
the slander.
The following is the correspond
ence :
To the Lditor of the Republic :
Dear Sir. On the appearance in
your paper of a charge intended, if'
not calculated, seriously to impair
and perchance to destroy the confi
dence of General Pierce's Southern
supporters in his soundness on the
slavery question, I addressed him a
l'iti, Which, together with his reply,
I now ask you, as an act of justice,
to publish.
I make this request, presuming
your object, like mine, to have been
the discovery of the truth.
Very respectfully,
EDowrN DLEoN.
Washington, Aug. 13, 1852.
WASIIINGTON, July 17, 1852,
Dear Sir:-Enclosed you will find
an article, in which, as one of the
editors of the Southern Press, of
this city, I took issue with myO col
league in advocacv of your claims to
Southern support for the Presilency.
That action was predicated upon my
belief of your entire soundness upon
the slavery question. Within the
last week a speech, purporting to
have been delivered by you in Jan
nary last, has been reppblished from
two Democratic papers in your own
State, (which are said now to sup
port you.) On the truth or falsity
of this, much depends. Neither
those with whom I act, nor myself,
can consent that any doubt should
rest on a matter of such importance;
but, pas.,, cn ;..',,,nn on t. fn
less frankness of your character, on
their behalf and my own, I respect
fully ask of you whether that report,
which your Southern supporters be
lieve to be without foundation as op.
posed to your previous course, is cor
rect ?
The peculiar position which I oc
cupy must plead my apology for
troubling you with this letter.
Very respectfully,
your ob't serv't.
EDWIN DF.LEON.
-.Gen. F. Pierce, Concord, N. II.
CONCORD, N. II., July 23, '52
My Dear Sir : Surrounded by
pressing engagements, I seize the
earliest opportunity to reply to your
letter of the 17th instant. I much
regret that anything coninected with
myself should have been the cause of
disagreement between you and gen
tlempen with whom you have been as
Bociatedl in the editorial department
of the Southern Press.
I do not remember to have seen
what purports to be a report of a
speech delivered by me at New
Boston, in this State, in January
last, until my attention was called to
it as republished in the Rlepublic.
The pretonded report is, and I pre
suime was designed to be0 an entire
misrepresentation. It is not merely
untruthful, but is so grossly and ab
surdly falso as to render, in this vi
cinity, any denial of its authenticity
entirely unnecessary. The two pa
pers quoted -the Indlependent De mo
crat, published in this place, and the
Democrat, published in Manchester
- are thoroughly abolition journals;
and have boon and are aealously op.
*. posed to the Democratic party. For
a long time prior to the :neeting at
New Boston, and ever since, they
have been uinspairing in their attacks
upon me personally, arnd in theijr bit
tor denunciation of what they have
been pleased to term my pro-slavery I
sentiments.
But it wovld be something new for
either of these papers to deny the I
consistency of my opinions upon the I
subject of the constitutional rights of <
the South in relation to slavery. My i
opinions and the avowal of them
have been everywhere the same. <
Ever mindful of the difficulties and i
dangers which so long brooded over t
the assemblage of wise men and pure <
patriots to whose spirit of concession <
and earnest efforts we are indebted
for the Constitution under which we I
have enjoyed such signal prosperity,
advancement, and happiness, I have c
regarded the subject as too vital and
delicate to be used as an element of I
sectional appeal in party conflicts. I
My action and my language in New
Hampshire, touching this matter,
tang hoon at all times and under all
circumstances in entire accordance I
with my action and language at I
Washington.
My votes in the Senate and House
of Representatives were not repub- i
lished in the Era for the first time. I
They have been again and again par- I
aded to arouse the passions and pre- i
judices of our people against me indi- 1
vidually, and against the party with
which it has been my pride and pleas. .1
are to act. 'T'here has been no at- i
tempt to evade the force of the re
cord. It has been at all times freely
admitted, and my position sustained f
upon the grounds satisfactory to my
own mind. I am not surprised to
know that the attempt to prove me <
an abolitionist provokes much meri
riment among men of all parties here; i
and this weak and untruthful sketch i
of what purports to be my speech, t
is really too ridiculous to be consid
ered in any serious light. ]
I am in the daily receipt of letters,
propounding the greatest variety of
curious questions, upon all conceiva- E
ble subjects. Letters of this charac- I
ter canno(t be answered, of course. t
No individual could command either
the time or strength the herculean
task would require. I may add, <
that such a correspondence would by t
no means coinport with my views of <
duty. The Democratic party sent t
its delegates to Ihaltimore not alone
to nominate candi-lates, but to re
allirm principles and to present the
leading issues upon which the can
vass should he conducted.
If I could deem myself capable of
improving the platform there adopt
ed, it is quite certain that I should
decline, either at the call of individ
uals or associations, to incur the
charge of arrogance to which any 1
cdtprmot to alter, amend, nr enlarge
it, would mneiv tdel:. '1'i'-ct me.
Your letter is of an entirely diller.
ent character. It seeks truth in re
lation to an alhlged fact ; it speaks
of history, to which too searching an
appeal cannot be made. I appreciate
the estimate you seem to have of my
character for directness; and beg you
to accept my thanks for your efforts
to vindicate my claim to that trait,
at least, before the public.
I am, with high esteem, your most
obedient servant,
FRaANx. PIEaCE.
Etwrx DELEON, Esq.,
Washington, D. C.
Thte ElIectoral Question-Hon. William
P DeSaussure.
In examining into the history and
progress of this great question, we
were gratified to find that the
published opinions of one of our
distinguished fellow-citizcns and
United States Senators, are ini
most respects coinicidlent with our
own. It is known that Mr.
D~eSaussure never exoresses an
opinion on any grave political ques-<
tion without the nmost calm andl
careful deliberation. TIhe op4inions
of such a man,' then, thus formed<
are entitled to very serious con
sideration.
We copy from the "Southern
Chronicle,'' of Sept. 11i, 18414. Mr.
DeSaussure, was at that time, one of
the candidate to represent Richland
District ini the State Legislature.
Several initerrogatories had been
propounded to the candhidates, among
which was one, (t.he first in order)
dlesiring to know whether they were
in favor of giving the election of
Electors to the people, or retaining <
that election in the Legislature. Mr.<
D~eSauissure's answer places thea
q1uestioni in so strong a light; he
ar;gues it so briefly, but at the same
brbear copying the whole of what
10 says on that topic.
Mr. Editor: My absence frort
he District for some time past ha:
)revented an earlier reply to tht
1uestions propounded in a late Chron
cle to candidates for the Legislature.
l'he right of the people to know the
)pinions of those who propose tc
epresent them is unquestionable,
mnd as the canvass has beer
onducted without any public dis
:ussion, I most cheerfully avail my
self of the oportunity afforded of
stating distinctly the views I en
:ertain upon the important subject;
embraced by the interrogatories.
I have not before me the paper
>ropoundng the question, but one is
:o this effect: Whether the powei
f appointing the Electors of Pres
dent and Vice President of tlh
United States, now exercised by
he Legislature, ought not bc
ransferred to the people?
I am of opinion that it shouhl
;o to the people. The system nort
n operation is unnecessarily com
)licated. The people elect a col
ege of Electors, to wit, the Leg
slature; these elect another col
ege, to wit, the nine electors, the
State is entitled to, and this last col
ege votes for the President. If il
s intended that the peoI.le shall hav<
any agency in electing the Chie
Iagistrate, why these two removes
'rom the original source of power'
l'here is nothing in the Constitutior
which forbids the people from ex
reising this power under the sane
ion of the Legislature, and an op
nion'has grown up and been acted
ipon by the other States that boti
he Constitution and sound policy re
juire that the power of electing th<
L'lectors should be vested in the peo
>le.
Thu Constitution says, Art. 2
cc. 1: "Each State shall appoint,
nch manner as the Legislatur<
hereof may direct, a number of
lectors," &c. And every State it
he Union, South-Carolina alon<
xcepted, has, by law, voted it
he people the power of appointing
lectors. It may well be argued
hat this universal acquiesence by
ill States except our own in thal
onstruction of the constitutional
)sovision is entitled, upon a doubtfu
luestion, to great consideration.
Ihave faith that the constructior
>f the Constitution, carried out b3
mr act of 1792, by which the Leg
slature assumed to itself the powei
)f appointing the Electors of Pres
dent and Vice President instead u1
iving it to the people, was a doubt
'tl construction. The Constitutior
lirects that each State shall appoini
fectora in each manner as th<
Legislature thereof shall direct, am
t has been held by (istinguishet
Statesmen, whose opinions this Stat<
)as been accustomed to regar(
with high respect. that the exercis<
>f this power by the Legislature it
elf is nothing short of usurpation.
These opinions are well set forth:
nt an able argoinenat recenatly madh
>eforo a political association in
Tharleston--and while I am boundt
:o say that they have not satisfied
ny judgmient that the Legislatturi
>f 1792, [under thme lead of somne o
lhe must distingumishied men o
he Revolution,] was guiltyo
Isurpation anid thmat for lifty-thre<
wears it has beeni exercisinag, una
hallenged, a most important fune
in for which it haas no wvarrrant it
le Constitution, yet .1 am of opinium
hat prudence demands that the Leg
slatuare should forbear to exer cist
'urther a power consideredl doubhtfu
)3y many, especially whaere no greal
>rinciple of publie policy will bc
lamaged by the surrender.
Whaether minorities will be bet
.ir represented under the genm
nral ticket system, (which has beer
udopted, I understand, by all th<
>ther States, or whether the peo
>le will acquire any other power thai
hat of recording their approbation o
tnomination of Electors elsewher<
uade, I will not stop to dliscuass; hui
ho proposed change is certainly
~ot open to the ohjections which
mave been urged against giving t<
he people the power of electing~
o0 othices of profit.
The appointnmnt is merely lhon
rary, the trust is speedily ex
ctutedl anid a heated per'sonmal can
rars is not perhaps to be anticipated
[iut it is a high anad a most imn
nortant trust, nothing short of mak
ng the C'ieaf Ma;gisate of t
country. and in my judgment, the
people aroeentitled in pursuance of
the fundamental principles of our
form of Government, to have as
direct an agency in the election as
the nature of the case will admit.
Palmetto State Banner.
MISCELLANEOUS.
Thoughts for the Working Classes.
We find in the last received
Liverpool Mercury, a second Rath.
hone Prize Essay, by Thomas Row.
lands, Journeyman Zino-Plate Work
er. The subject is
"How the working classes may
best improve their circumstances, so
as to raise the physical, social, and
moral condition of themselves and
faunilies.''
Considering that it will be doing the
laboring classes a good service, we
publish the most generally important
portions. In his pre&tory remarks
tle;ossayist says:
If our position in life is not what
it ought to be, we are perhaps too
much disposed to blame others rather
than ourselves for our misfortunes.
Parliament always comes in for a
goodly share of our sins, forgetting
how small i part of our ills it
can cause or eure. It is well known
that no act of parliament can make
a drunken man sober, a wasteful man
thrifty, or a wicked man moral.---So.
cial advancement does not depend so
much on the removal . of this or
that law, for social advancement does
nlot of necessity follow political
advancement. The people of France
lately made a great stride in political
advancement, when, socially: speak
inthey made none. 'Ihus, we
think, it is plain that whatever the
working classes may obtain in the
shape of political refhrms, their social
condition will always 'depend upon
their own individual ex aiOns. One
writer has saui, " The wav . 'wealth is
as plain as the way to Market; it
chiefly 'degepnd n s'T ' ti~wo" wds=in.
dustrf and frugality.
H ADITS AN'D CNDITIONS OF TilE WORK
INO CLAssES.
As society in general is moving
upwards, we'may inquire whether the
working clsses are making the
same strides in social advancement?
-We think, on the contrary, that
a large miajority of this class will
he found in the same position now as
that they occupied when they
first cet ered life. There are 'many
mechanies who receive a wage of
30s a week, or .C5 a year, This is
as much as is realized y clerks in
banking houses, dis-enLting ministers,
and others, who are expected to
appear as gentlemen, and whose cloth
tg, consequeintly'. mLust cmne heavier
- thn that of the necliamnie. To
live thus ereilitably, and free of
debt, they mutost practice rigid econ
oly and ihresight, and buy nothing
Ibuzt what is really wanted. There
are thousantds of families an utg
the imidlle classes engaged in this
noble struggle to better their cir
eutlttstanei anid to keep up their
seIfrel et. We can see no rea
st oin why the working man should nut
be as contfrt al e and as respectable
as the pro!fessional man of the same
means; but if we complare the two
cla ses tA get her, how few~ of' our me-j
cbiemis cant compejite M ith them int
comforiit atid fuiture prIospec(ts,
It we vis~ it their respective dwel
~lingsr ' we 'shall probaflbly find the pro
essial man io livin iniu sonie neat
co ttage~L in the outsk i rts of' the town,
with a .nmall flo wer' grountd belbtre
the. door, ini ublichm he di verts his
evning Ihours int thme smttmetr montths;
whilst lie imecanlaiie withI the samae
*t1inte oiccuiesi5 t a ose ini somei
dlirty, closeN, and ill-ventilated court or
alley, inito which a suinbeatm nov.
er eniterts, and where lie fresh
air of havent is co n verted lhv
the suirremuinitg filth into poisont. Th'e
profesionazl has amnother ad vantage
over thet weorkman~n, itona uich as he did
nt elicteumber hi mselft withI a w ife ad
fionily until lie coui do so withI
somtte c'ertainity of f'utuire prospects.
att unifo rtutately our' f'ello wi~' ork
ien conitraettmaorriagTes wheniSi scare
ly ouit, of their tells, and not unt
requenttL'ly beforeC theyc' have served the
wahole of the titm e of appr'ent icesip;
thtus i ncuriring thle serious obl igationis
of a husband, and1( shortly those of
a fatherci, w ithmout the least provis
ion, except, p erhiaps, the exes of
lie day-andI that tioniley ver'y oftent
is borrowed. I lenee heo and his
d aependanut s con unee a i f'e w hich ini
a g reat nitmb~er of' cases wvill hle lit
tle bette tc' hati a lif o (f lanrd stru1g
gingC with poverCity anid want; for' uni
le'sswe have savedl mioniey bef'ore mar
tinge we ha~ve butt little chance of
dtinig so with three or font' additioni
al mouths to (ill andh so many backs
to c'lothel.
In conisequenee oif this the chiildr'en of
mechanies are put to work when
Vcre' conu , t rure %*Ci' on1( with lit.
tie or no schooling; thus checking edu
cation in the bud, to be followed, per
haps by total neglect during appren
ticeship. By this course they are igno
rant of themselves, physically am
mentally, and of society ; therefor(
ignorant of the laws which govern ou
actions as members of the social svs
ten. Being thus reared in menta
darkness of their responsibilities as
social and moral beings and of the
natural objects that surround them, i
is not to be wondered at that such met
spend their leisure hours in idleness
or among the noisy revels of a tap
room. Although the working classes
are much neglected in education, w<
humbly think that if those of them
thus neglected were to apply their
spare hours to rational purposes, they
could yet learn enough to derive a
pleasure from that which is now t<
them a burden ; they would then see
labor, instead of being a curse, the
ge catest blessing conferred on man by
a benign Creator, for labor is the pro
muter of health, strength and happiness
of man. They could learn, also, tha
the world is adapted for the enjoymndn
of man and not fur his woe.
IIOW DO THEY DISPOSE OF THEIR TIMI
AND MONEY.
Taking for granted that the workini
men labor ten hours out of tlg twen
ty-four, and two more for meals an
nine for sleeping and dressing, the;
will have three hours daily on their
hands, and on Saturday perhaps four or
five hours, which altogether make
about twenty-four hours a week inde
pendent of meal hours. If we add t(
these hours the Sundays that are s<
frequently misspent, the whole amoun
to a deal of' valuable time, which il
many cases is thrown away withou
anything in return save bad habits an
bad health. The working classes has
ing on Saturday more time and more
money than on other evenings, it is o0
that accouit generally devoted to som,
kind of recreation, the fature of whic
very often is decided more by cha1e
than -frminejufpm arrg ftq , 1
sequently that evening is spent b;
those persons in pleasures of a ver;
questionable tendency. But with i
great number it is the commencemen
of a debauch that generally continue
until Monday noon or Tuesday morn
ing, which by degrees Will grow into
a regular habit ; and if a habit in thi
is once formed, it is of little momen
whether its victims being working fil
or short t imne-his pocket and purs
will be in the same state, empty ; o
be will be busy at the work of makin,
them so.
Upoin these habits a large number 0
our fellow wordmen spend the greate
part of the leisure time. Not only i
their valuable time thus mispent, hu
an immense suim of money is likewis
misapplied and taken from its lcgiti
mate channel of' trade to that (if buy in'
intoxi(nting drinks, tobacco, &e. 1o
the first of these articles upwards o
fifty millions of pounds sterling is an
nual ly spent in this kingdomun, which i
at the rate of ?10 a year fhr even
family, rich and poor, ein the country
For the second, which is very large1;
conisi;mned by the working classes
there is upwards of fiv'e millions ster
hug spent annually. Closely connect
ed with the above habits is anothe
large sum-that paid at the pawnshop
in the shape of interest on art ile
pl edged, to prolcure t he means of iii
dulgiig iln thosee habits or to layn~ il
the necessmie is of' life', as thme wage
that should have U en appi l ied ihr thu
purmpose were suandeied in dissipr
tioni.
In 18-10, there were in Limvei'pool n
less than 19 of' these establishment,
aind ,,uipposing that each of' them miad
a clear priofit ofi ?200 a year, that u
the whole will aminount to ?41l,70C
which sumi is independent af' their e.,
penses, which, of' cou rse, moust comn
out of' the p~oects of those who fre
qfuenit such establishmeints, who ar
(chiefly wvork inmg men). It is the aboi'
anid otheri had habnits that draini th
pockets of our workmien of every spar
pennyi, and they (rente and conIiirn
the had practice of' coinuing dail;
lhe w~hole of' what is daily earned. 11I
short, lie ma n who inid ulges in habit
of this kind has neither thle means 11o
the will to payV due aittenitioni to th
physical or the moral wants of' himnsel
or his famnily, ]i s clothiing will b
dleficienlt iln quantity and quality t<
prlotc~t the system ini this varying eli
miate. Simp11 le nurishing 100(d is b
hirn stuperseded by that which allar'd
the greatest stimulantt to his vitiatec
palate and languishiing frame.
'riE PI'IYSICAIL FFtEeTs OF INTOXICATINI
sTIMttLANTS.
Doubtless the etleets of' intoxientin1
drinks are the most direful on mei
amnd 01n societ-y, illn~~ conseuece of t hei
being more freely indulged in by al
classes, and in the majirity of' case
are the cause of' other haul habits, suei
as smoking, &c. We seldom see ai
habitual drinker but that he is a habite
al smoker. According to cheiec'l rt
senrchog. mnn%' food should cnntal
both heat and flesh-forming principles.
-The sarne authority state that alcoholic
. drinks are entirely composed of the
heat-forming principle, without any of
those elements which administer to
growth and nutrition. As their effects
are only, heating, it may )?e asked, can
we not obtain the same heat in a sun
pier and less dangerous form; for, by
heating they stimuitlate the nervous
system, quicken the circulation, and
produce intoxication.
On this point the eminent Dr. An
drew C4ornbe gives a similar testimo
ny--" Many persons imagine that
spirits taken in moderate quantity can
not be injurious, because they feel no
immediate bad efrects from their use.
If the fundamental principle which I
have advanced is sound, and if all the
functions of the system are already
vigorously executed without the aid of
spirits, their use can be followed by on
ly one cflect-morbid excitement; and
it is in vain to contend against this ob
vious truth. The evil attending their
unnecessary use may ngt be felt at the
time, but nevertheless it is there." We
could add many more testimonies on
this point, but they all agree that alco
holic liquors of any kind should be ta
ken only as medicine.
TOBACCO.
Medical authorities state that tobac
co also acts on the system as an intoxi
cant in whatever form consumed. It is
only because it does not produce that
excess of intoxication known as drunk
enness that it is considered less perni
nicious. It produces disorders in the
mucous membrane of the larynx and
palate, seriously deranges the stomelch,
and afllects the action of the heart and
lungs. It denorajises the feelings,
creates thrist, and the habit at best is
dirty and idle, and should ~ in no case
be used unless recomnended by a rme
dical man. Such are the direct physi
cal etlcts of indulging in the above
habits: we shall now consider how
, they afTect mai as a member of society,
. TU- tgJti a bt JNTEMPERA CE mN
*ntemper ance prbdicesnotesrly the
scorching mouth, the dizzy head, and
t the shaking hand on its victims. but
t very often they are driven to the brink
of want and tdependence; and if they
- fall over that prucipice they are lost to
all manly dignity and independence of
inind. They will now be the constant
visitors of the parish office, or some
I other chariutblc institution. In short,
for the greatest part of their wants
they are stipendiaries on society. The
man who thus becomes a Iauler oni
the good will and benevolence of his
neighbors evidently cannot be recon
ciled with political or social indepen
dence, for these principles were sacri
ficed on the altar of self- indulgence.
If man, by intemperance and improvi
- dence, thus casts an evil amd reti-o
grading influence on society, how ap
palling must it he to those who sur
t round htis domestic hearth.
For it is true that the influence of
home, in which a human being is rear
ed, is gieater than all the influences he
lmay afterwards be subjected to ; if it
is the homiie that governs the nations,
and that those who hold the leading
strings of children there have more
power in their hands than those who
wield the reins of government ; if in
the hiome the character is Ibrmed for
goo.d or ir evil--it is evident that he
- who is a stave to intemiperance and its
iiccomitanit evilIs retards not only the
progress of his own genecration, but
tthat of ages yet unborn. Our deede
- grow and flourish wvhen we are ihrg~ot
ten. It our children are brought, uz
'in filthy, ill-ventilated, and dam
-dwellings ; if their homes be the scenes
of dliscontenit, str-ife, and quar-relling
i where a kind word is seldom or niever
,exchanged between those they look
-iuponi as patternis for thenm to follow
the prpe developinient of the physi
- cal or miioral nature of man under such
ci rcumstancs is u tterily imipossible.
liut these arc niot all the evil influ
ences that the pi-olligate exhibits to his
family and to tihe world, lie tr-ifles
with the solemn responsibility he uni
de(lrtook. to procure his fihmily the nec
cessar-ies of life. 1 [is helpless children
with their- innocent faces, look to him
-as their strenith against, all adversities
and tiroubles. lIeI, heartless mian, dis
Iregards all their eloriuent, pleadings,
and throws the burde-n upon society.
W ithi such men, reason tihe br-ighitest
gem inl human existence is dethronled
anmd laid aside, and in her place reignm
selfishness and cr-uelty, oir anmy othei
base feecling that may suit, his vile pur
poses. The end of such a life will be
an untimely grave, leaving his unfor
tunate finnily without a penny, to buif
fet as they b~est. cain with the hard world.
The hand of charity, though w~elscomt
to the needy, is cold, and her git'ts arc
valueless, comipared- with the wages o:
ind~ustry anid the honest saivin rs of tfru
gal labor, for these carr-y with therr
more real blessings than the estate o~
- a duke.
- ~wlAT TO DillNK,
Since man is ugt to drinhi lntoxica
ting liquors, and as he requires a large
quantity of liquid of some kind to sup.
ply the waste that is continnally going,
on, it may be asked=-What 'beverage
is most consistent arnd most con ductivo'
to preserve health? If we observe'
those animals that follow the guidpned,
of an unerring instinct insteadisf s vil
tinted palate, they invarialjly prbfei
the limpid streams of pure water td
any other element for allaying thirst,'
There is little doubt but that water Is
the beverage our Maker intended also
for the use of man, but, dwing to it4
cheapness, we are, perhaps. too apt to'
disregard this natural and healthy ele.
ment. As medical authority id3IrA.
ble on these points, we shall 'eN
quote from the work of Edward'Johi
son, lM. D.:-" To a man labonin
under the very last degree of'. tlijistt
even fIl ditch water would be a inns
delicious draught; but, his thirst lar:
ing been quenched, he would tyri4
from it with disgust.
In this instance of water drinking
then, it is clear that the relish depends
not on any flavor residing in. the water
but on a certain conditipn of the body'
it; therefore, we only took drink is4ien
drink was required, pure water could
be sufliciently deliciousi but ie Beek
to give to our drinks.'eertain exeiting
flavors as a substitute for that" egsl,
which should of right reside ip ours
selves, and we do this inzdrce to ena
ble ourselves to drink when dribk' is
not required. It is absurd,'therefdre,
to say that you cannot drink water be,
cause you do not like it, for this onlyg
proves that yos do not want it:
Since the relish with which you enjoy
drink depends upon the fact of your
requiring drink, and not t 'all upon
the nature of the drink itself."
ECONOMY OF MEANS.
Next to the right application of time
is required the proper management of
means. Something has already been
said of this virtue; its objects are to
better every mazi's conditioit in life
through his own ind dssety .
atrbn fuora aMy y; ' ou
ling either friends 'bI parish difice; 'It
is the bounden duty of' every nia to
make, if he possibly can, some prdvis,
ion for those contingencies that are'tho
common lot of mankilid, such 'as dull,
ness of trade, sickness, and old oge..-.
To accomplish this, in most eases, it is
not requisite that the' working man
should deny himself of any of-the
common necessaries of life, but only
of those articles that are not only un.
necessary to health 'and" comfort; but,
according to the authorities already re,
terred to, are highly injurious to the
system. Let every man ascertain
how his little income is disposed of;
whether he pays most to the banker
or to the publican,'to the clothier or to
the pawnbroker, to the butcher or to
the tobacconist, and he will soon see If
he cannot spare a trifle for the dark
and dreary future.
In the hour of sickness, for instance,
what a boon a few pounds laid by
would be to the possessor. With this
he can command the immediate attend,
ance of a respectable medical man,
and, owsng to his prompt and timely
aid, the progress of the disease will
perhaps be arrested, and its cause re.
moved ; consequently, much suflering,
if not death itself, prevented. It will
also avert the gloomy anxieties con.
eerning the means of subsistence dur.
ing this calamity, and enable himself'
and family to reposc cheerfully on the
strength of their own industry, In~
this country, trade is subject to fluetun.
tions, from causes that wve have no
control over; and when at low ebb,
great has been the sufferings and pri.
vations among the working classes-at
least, those of them who weore nt
thoughtfui of the morrow,
For this rceason it behooves every
iman to exercise such econonmy when
trade is good as may enable him'seilt
and family to wecather the commercial
storm, without being under 'the necs,
sity' of borrowing from his friends, or
committing every portable article to
the care of the pawnbroker. A work,
ing man free of debt, with a 210 note
in his pocket, is in a positioni to be
envied by one half of our titled nobili,
ty. With this he and his family could
remove to another part of the country,
he could emigrate to A merica, where
the highest wages are paid tar labor;
or he could shelter snugly in his eabiin
while the storm is passing over, with,
out endangering -the good o'f his friends,
for as the old adage says-"If we help,
ourselves' our friends will like us'all
the bettor."
ggg Why ia en evergre $re0q
like a book ?
Because thie leaves are not ohange4
by the frost.
Son.,The girls in Northampt
ton haveo boee sending a batchelott
boqzuets of tansey and wormawood,
Ite 8ays ho dozn't circ i le ha4 rq:~
theor smell them than matrimony'.

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