Newspaper Page Text
DOLLARS in advanlce, 'Tvo Dollars
it ftI Centatat the expirihmn of six mdntls,
te Dollar at the eful of the year.
j.No paper discontinuedl .until all arrearages,
o; nof unleD a1110m[t thle optlin of the I'prietor.
Advertiemnentan iuertecd at SEV ENry
'FIY ECent per qintare, (12 Iibien or less,) fu'
11 , and half that Bult for ca eliusle
3 The numiber uf insertions ic
calAdvertisements fir they v.
til ofered to be disconiu
ieron. Quarterly anot Mo
InL4 will be charget the samne aN a a
, rion, 1:11 seini-monthly 111 same am iiLw .
i atherd hito hi .
he ob'ject of this arLhele tO
commend to the Anat'rcan rirmer the
uInufacture of' nestic guano, from
t othe droppin barlyan-r-Ts
t suitable benl
d then insist that every old
er, hn and chicken on his preii
shall Inake it their resting place
r night, at least, tillder the ip, alty
f death, after a suitable time of* traii
(ng has been expenIded vin the10m ill vain.
At the close of every week cause these
premises to be thoroughly swept, and
the products thus obtinied, to be care
fully packed with atboutit one third its
-weight of plaster.
When you hive your Coln griuind
ready for pantting in the spring, on
the day you intend to put in your
clop, niot before, have a bax in readi
nleszs, .;Ificiently large to hold two or
tire barrels, and mix well with this
domestic giano afibotit doiuble the il a
tity of wood ashes, a peek of* pulver
Leed chircoal, and fonr quarts of salt,
to the barrel. Take a siall handful
of this mixture and drop it into each
hill, dust it over wvith the soil, f'romu
one half to an inchi in depth, then drop
your seed and cover its usual, and if
your ground is able to perfect the
crop in the latter part of the season.
you will find i rich reward in the day
saved, from eighteen liens, alout
tune bushels the past year. and heund
it superior to halft a shovelful of* hog
imanure to catch hill. Th increased
productiveinss of' that part of the liehl
where this manure was applied, will
more than furnish the required stock
for a yeirs food fr my fewis. I anm
well satisfied with the result.
Sullivan Counity, Pa. a. n.
AN ExvaAoltsar Locj.--. -lie
editor of the Aiiierican Artizan was
recently shown a piece of- meechanism
called Yale's Mag'llie Lo,Uj whieb is abI
solutely unpiekable as te kernel of a
ealntit woid ie without danagiing
the shell. The only opening is a cir
cular orifice, half an inch in diameter,
for admitting the key, and through
which there is no possi be access to the
tumblers by any instrument whatever
-not even by the key itself; strange
as that muay seem. By a singular eon
tr'vance, a portion of' lie key is detach
edlger' inserition, and sent to a distant
espart 'ot the lock, wvhere it moves the
tublers,.and where the tools of'the hin
glrculnvrarie xetb first
hole r'esembkslIL the interior of' a smitl I
pist-.>l barrel, aiil haviing no epenineg in
the internor biasal of the lock, would
oplCfe Thle lock is, theiredbre, absoluite
ly guinpowdecr pr o a I> . Aniom r
~1 ~ other' p'culiaities, thle. '(y is suseet -
ble of from forty thiot-eand~ to one
S'Amilliive'hnges. Ac ebanke of the ker
- elinnges the lock also in the act of
-',eath nay ha\.e a iu'e.
~ -. ock every day tor i ' -'d.
By a ebange of thj. key af'ter locking,
V t is r'endered impossile to unilock.
ven with thme same key, tuntil altered
back again. One inay thus los'e the
key or have it stoleni, and still enter
ttin no0 f'eitrs of the lock bing openedi~t
withI it. lTe piropriiete rs offer' a re
ward of' live hiundred dollar's to any
one who will pick it throtughi the k'v
hole, tusing whatever inistriiuit s li
pleases, iand taking ainy Icngi h of' timezi
he'may desire. .
respondent of' the Alexaiidria (hri~ette,
spcatkiing of a~ late visit to Eniglanid,
'Fl~iud' gone to Grav'esend wvithI a
'viewv of'takinig patssage, but am iniciit
prevenited. A whiite swaii worthly to.
perfor'mt his flight thiouighi th-e M ilk y
Way, caine inear the vessel in whlieh
it was may design to sail. aiid her' com a
mainder took his gunt. Thle seetc we
need not amiention. The blood' oli the
dead lbid staiined th ri mver. We hand
jtust bee(n fresh f'aonn readiing the Ani
cient Mairiner, in which ihe vessel en
countered heavy en ahnni ties aflteri thle
* killinig of' an albatross, and t~he ci renm
staiice deter' imed me ino t to go withI
stiehia. bar'bai. Y'ou will sun ile at
my superstition. Youma iuy Ceeig
thriouegh [Lausannec and tell thle iniciden t
but don't forget to add t hat fte vessel
ro-wosdckthoirdwa sihot has
bee misin fom hattber. Sheii
mealas "n li on he oiit it ai
tabl knfe s mreiutrictiou than
3 fie masurs, r abut igt. or
amunroibertd , (0i om ievir
pra?" Nos'u'," roylpiedh Mr.O
with the greatest good intture,
alay ltGod do just as hu has
malld ou ii oa tate:
Tle foflowitig Ia his. InaugiIAd
Ge tleptia of Aee Senate aq
U86 of Repress
To be 01 ted.undn
stanices to the t t
would hiv in
bitionl; b upon'
nie -nt every
a on. withint its
este I with addi
piile and gratif'ica
therefore, regard- it as
y duty, to represent and
these larinotius senti ments;
trust, that by uniting with it* a do
1re Lu discharge utprightly and zeal
ously the duties which will soon dc
volve ipona me, to retain your con
fidence, and that of the people whom
I decin ' r .imh6~threshold
ofofl i taie in bief' and gener
al termns, the views which will here
nfter govern toy oflicial conduct.
Our constitution coidides but a
limited portion of the active power of
governient, to its chicf executive )1.
ficer. Besides the general suiperinten
deuce deinanded of him. the suipervis.
ion of the instittit'ons Litfeduication, tra
the conmand and inspection of inili
tia, his most respousiblo dity is the
discreet exercise of his interposition, in
tempwring any .unduexrigor, inl the cn
fircemaxeit of the pental law.
It is scarcely necessary to advert to
the itipot tance of it proper attention to
those institutions which the State lhis
established fri the improvement of'
edicatiol. I slahl regrlld it is one of
111(St pleasing functiotns, to do niy
part in the discharge of this, outr coi
11111 dty. And if I can contribute,
inl an11y degree, is raiise the standard, or
extet Ie benelits of these wise es
tablishments, I shah regard miyself is
richly rewarded for the muost anxi
A proper attention to the organiza.
tion of the Alilitiai is ilso atn indispent
sable part of iny public dutyti; aid it'
we cnlnot expect to rendei' our citi
zen-soldicry egnal to those trained I
tle severe sclool f in' ilitary litIe, we
nay yet do 1ixost illportatit service ill
keeping up such a Sy.'tem, as will at
ocec remnind our countrymnen that they
ay o1e -diAy have to take their place i'i
the field, and will keep ius acquiniiiited
wilth the resoxn eL's of the State.
The Constittition reqiui-es (if ine to
Ltke care that the laws be executed inl
im ercy; and to this end cloth les ine with
the power of' patI'un1hI ! and reprieve. Il
Ily view, this by no iiwanis periits
tile to inidulge iny own eli~ngs in tle
gnrladlininistration of justice. The
expediency of atn law is exclusively
at qutestion f;o' th Ie I egislat i re. Tihe
corr'etiiess of tihe cniiectionl mutast
rest witl tie trial'ui:is of the coun
try. ll uuetaking, therecfore, to
arrest the courkc of the law, tile re
spnIIIsibilit V of initerp[iosinig iemiaaiins Cn
tircly witfh tuiysClf. It is only ill
those rre ilslaCes, in which, consist
enitly with . the e .lii.cy of the g n
ali law, and wvithout11 iiiipaiing its
s .nettion!, a p:;rdonx uiay ha extend'ed,
that t his powter' Ought, ais I conce'tive. to
he exeNr'cil; anid to thiese will I st xiet
hy 'ouliite ilnyself.
Floi' two 3 cears, genxtleiieni, theit
atoity i' 3 is dlele'gated to us, to ad ii
ister' thxe allirs of this coinlxnonweailth.
It is a nob~lle tri'ust, aiil one w hiehti
attentded withl thIe gravest resp onsibI ili
irte gift oft gieat abilities, nxora
large ptoliticail e.xl-tlen1c, 1 shall re.
ly withx coinfidlence upon01 that pru xdenice.
wyisdloin, andt paltrIIi'i i, whlichx have'.
al way~s charaxcterizedh you aspect-l
''iv bodies. We\ liv in a pertiod6 of1 )
- -, ' Iee.froni xxi bal auid fhet ion1
tnoiie; aiid arxe bl'ssedl withI inlsti
aiI16l nidie snteed by thxe applroval of'
generat~tionts of wise andit g'toih ige ii.
st~nixe s alw'ays renderi ne'tcssauy y'our11
ac'tioni, bty everxy dlictaite oft 'wi-doiin.
'-houild lie of1 a clutaeater pureily con
Illappily f'r uts. weC live initrci ai
c'oinstituitionl, ini whieb every lo calin
Lt'rest is bIlendedf anid hariized hv /il I
xa judiiclius adljistxinen't ; anid uil st. It
ailblows to e'very c'it izet ithex larges.t lib
cry oilnpaxtiblIe with oirder', and16 gives
axll duie effect, to p larl~l c'iictiol;' it
al so ailoii(rds ani adueqtut e relpresenIitaxt ioni
to thxe refiixeiixent, initelligecec, andol
propert~xty of thxe x'ount rv3. It' to thile
adva'xnt ages, you: ad'd a highecr staunlardl
of p~opuxlar' edcalitionl, so) as toi extend
properiti enexouraxgemen'It to tho're liber-i
xal lpursuixts, which e'levaxte thxe nat ional
chaaxcter; anid to axpp ly sc'ienice to.
Agricul turaixl and thle useful A rits, and
ais ai conisequ~ence, dliversifv thle ind1us
try of'thie counitryv; aixil ultimaxtely taxke
ix'xsur'es f'or thle inxcreas~e 66f your i'L'm.il
mnerce, biy optenintg to y'ouri i ark
ets tho'se grcat, vailleys of the wvest,
whicb at ixo d istait dayx, are dlest ined
by) thir tradeI,' to inakle whoI~le con
ti ienits rich you wiil thlen I Ve untderl a
Iy oi' stabil ity, with anyli) ' whiieb is
men'ttioned'( in the, hixstoiy of' repubilie
I amt abhout to take thle oiath pre
scibed by3 lx a', to pretserve pro ~' teet,
ui def'eiid, the co'n'itiutioni of tie
itaxtet, and16 of' the I inited' St ates. If
'hll etileavor' tlith'i1ly to dlihare
11y obiligat ions tou bot h; noi t. hess for'
hle respiect andl veeraiJtin ill 'ahich i
hhls them,1 1han5 that the'I ine ('p util
ry'~ dependixc up6on thex i min ItenanI(ce and (1
nv~iolability. WeI yet hxave hi1gh dui- <1
ie's to) perfothnt, tOuingi16 the~t' wel lbrxe
I' the S''uth, by~ giviing f'resh vitali tyI
m~d ai mre eilhetivye organiizatio to 61
-hus; wyell-ried pr'iniid s of' Statet 12
tights, Lo wIhichi this ConInnfOtiwalthI,
Ils beeni' so long and ardently ait
ached. Bat, should it hajq en, hxow- a
'duing thweirm, o,
tinus to* O la)lbecot 4
.blbn4ith the s:$potifh. othe
bth'in dJnlination :and duty asZ'
Sttt 4I1Republicaht, wil bo to
811 in ti contititioll and - laws of
* 'he government of the United
States has recently undergone trials of
its strength to which it has never be.
fore been subjected; and Wicil have
threatened to sever, froin time to
time, the bonds which imito its vari
ous parts in a .Federative Compact.
But the utiwillingness of the people to
endanger a Government, under which
they havetenjoyed so nuci bappiness
and attained uclh prosperity, has in
duced them to rebuke to a certain
extent, the tendencies to a reckless 'a
naticism and a total disregard ulthe.
guarant .of the t" ition. As if
carry thes views into effect. they
have, by an unexamplcd majoritygiv.
en the administration of the Federal
Government into the hands of those
who stand pledged before the coun
try to sustain all these giaraitees,anod
the rights of each sectiou of' the Con
But whilst this State has given its
support, with remarkable unanimity,
to the candidates of the Democratic
party for tle highest honors of the
Amerient Republic. and listened to
the pledges which that party has giv
en to protect the Southern portion of
tihe Conafederncv in the enjoyment of
ill its rights, to which our sState has
beei so long and so ardently attached
-principles by Which the triumliph was
achieved over the doctrines of con
solidation, an(] which mark the admin
istratioiis of Jefli'rson, Madison. and
Monroe, as the haleyoul days. of the
Republie; it is only by the revival of
these principles and their active in
Ilueime in the control of party organ
ization, that security can be given to
individual liberty, thiough the sepa
rate energies Of distiitt.t govenlilents,
the general interests preserved from
the hijlstie-e o' suetionil kgislation,
aid our domestic concerns tirtified
against the invasions of flderal author
llnving thus briefly expressed my
views up(Il those topies to which it
seca ed proper to advert (,in the
preseit occasion, I now invoke tile
blessings of the Almighty, uipo the
prieseit and fuiture action io' the co
Ol dinate branches of our governmnent.
and hope, that through his merey, ev
ery thing mray work well tigether, to
perpetlate the niy advatnttges and
blessinigs, w hich have hitherto at
tended the results of our industry, and
crown the wisdom of our Magis.
trates and Counsellors.
SE-:.v Tos OF AUSTRAL.IAN GOL
Aiori)n IN Exor.LM.--On Novem
ber 23d, three vessels arrived in tle
river Thanees, 'rot Austrdia, with
tile extra rdiniary (uitity of tlpwards
ot'sevein tots inl go ald oin board. One
of the ships, the Eagle, was freighted
with the largest amount of the preious
mnetal ever knownt to arrive in one
vessel, viz: 1 50,000 ounces, (upward
of'six tons.) and of thme vaue of more\
Ithani ?t600,000.- 'The ot her sinzs arec
the Sapphire, fibil Sydniey, wi 'h I-4..
GiSouiices oin board. anid thet Pelhuam.
13in il Svdney(O, with 27,002 ormlees. Thea
.\laithand also arrived a dayv or two
sincee, fi ill Sydneyi, with 14-i:120 oun.
ces.- Great, however, as lhas lbeen
thle weailthI broughL~t over by thle Eagle.
thle ship .1 ido is expiected in a l'ew
days which will (hr surpass it, having
on boaird 20,000( ouncees or albout teii
ton~is :1ind a half ofi the prciouis nuialI.
T[he Nep tiuine, withI 17 000t. (unices. and
othler shtips with as valuable fre'ghts,
iiue nearly dume.
Ih eriwr or G.ou.-ThIle New
Yolrk Tliniies estiinlates that fihr the
yeatr I1852 the receip ts of ge blitat thie
P hiladelphlia iniint reach 852,000, un
less the niext setiu-ienithly packet
s! onhll he unal voidalbly d ebavy . :lgainist
840;,,5t.000 bist yea r. At New Or
leans there will be 1.000.000, aginst
C82t00.009 last year. 'The foi cigli
gold at Newv Yui k, 2.:;00,000 agains&
5,050,000 hast year-giving a gross
totail of $59,000,0f 00 of whjich, allow
ig fer an export of'82,000,000 for D1 -
IR00,000t fihr the year fion iillostoi oiiil
it her por~ts, abouit 9::,000,000 wil
heave been seint (oil of thie conatry tob
roieigni States, to il1st inst., leaviing
loir domliest ie d ist ribut ion 3 A8.000,000,
tainist * $1,000.000 ini 1851. 'The
alin'de ouf this bainlance, or lnarlyv so,
ike the last , will have gonlie into> thle
nt erior, or lodbiged int the soub-treas
iry by the close of the yea r. '[le
iulks at, preLsenit are Sulpposedl to
old not over a1 imillioni andl a hatlf in
'Neess of :llst Dec. 1851 say $9,
>2," A letter received by thme l1lal
iimb re Sil, froml its Hio de .laineirio
~orrespondiieint, lby the ship Ca iroliine.
amrriveil at. I 'hih llhIa,~ descri bes thle
hI lowiing dhreadlti l t ransaction :
'Ai awfall tragedy oceiirreid here last
ighit. A fat her murdiliered hlis daiigh
ci, sont, andi 3an Enlglishmtan. Thec
:mung giril had bieen w ronged . 'I lie
athe1r dIi scoiveired her sinonie, andiu swire
lent h to thle seducner, the hioglishiman
-thinund him i withI his dauighter--d rove
litiullet thiroughi his heart, aiid daLshed
naidly ait hlis dauighlter withi a kiil.
'lhe sonl anid bro(t her picedl hiimselIf
,eth~re hier, anid received ite bilade of
lie kiie- ill his sidle. TheC fiather,
cainlg almrost a miaeii, watetd more
hood to waish out tile stain upon his
aumghmter's hoinor~. and11 wit h anlot her
I linge st-abbecd her inl thle heart. The
il'gli.hnlmui (died immed-(iately; the son
vedl thrlee houlrs, and1( the (laughter
till breathles, bult wvill not live. Thela
dither, aL highlly resplect:' ble llrazil ian,
ave himiielfIh imedia ely uip to tile
Sumierville, 8o Ca.
J,_ RICIIARDSON LOGAN, EDITOR.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1852.
ogliI taking upon ourselves thle
conduct ofta public journal, and one
which has Iteelved so liberally the sup
port of the public, we deem it but
necessary to say that our best endeav
ors shall. be put forth to make it a
useful, and entertaining fire-side com
panion; One upon whach thbfarmer may
confidently rely for ,tho latest reports
of the marketa; and any improvemeits,
that may -cern' to-6ur knowledge, -in
the science of agriculture; a profitable
medium to our merchants for adver.
tising, and in short to strain ever.y
nerve to establish a paper that will
keep pace with the spirit of an utilita
CHARLESTON, Dec. 20Ih, 1852.
CO'ITON:-There has been a good
demand in this article for the past
week, and prices have been firm at
from 9e 9 1-8 for middling titir to fiir,
a few bales of inferior were sold at 7c
7 1-2. There has been little doing in
bacon, sides are scarce and are worth
90 9 l-2ets.
Three droves of I loos arrived iii our
Village during the past week, and sales
have been cfeeted it 6 1-4ets gross.
Ere another week rolls around ibis
festive season with all its happy brill
innt, ind sub.tantial associations, of
barn-yard turkeys, spare-ribs, mnince.
pies, and eggnog will be upon us, and
presuming upon the time our readers
ought to devote to the discussing of
these luxurie's, we shall treat thei with
only a half.sheet next week, for which
act. of mercy on our part, we expect to
be thaiked, by i large list of new sub
seriiers; of cuirs6 die don'i 6daT6 Alny
thing aboUt thie aforesaid lni'eeies our
Col. F. J. Moses.
We understand that this gentleman
is a candidate for our next, Congress.
Without imnyrdisparagenient to the oth
ergentleincn spgken of, we must say,
that we -know/vof no one, who would
better r"resent the interest of our
Stata thin. ol. Mosas. His indefieti
gable itdus try, untiring zeal, and skill
as a debater, evinced during his longI
career ofilice, ps State Senator froi
this Corinlty, all point hliIn out as5 a most
proper successor to the Hon. .J. A.
W~oonwV.t4nJ, whol hsS declined be-ing
algaini a Candl~ite~t.
WE publish inl allothIer coluinn the
Iinugutral Address of his Excellency
Gov. Maio delivered before the
t wo. braneLs (of our State Legislaiture
on Minday tile 13th inst. It is what
we expected fromi himh, inl excellejnt
taste, conciise anld to tile point. Ibis
retiarks upon. ihe alttent1io n, which tile
cauise of plal~lr edneationi shall meect
withi 1(ions him , liltrinhg his termi ofof
flee, is inl gootd keeping withI thait splirit
of nonlllificienit Iliberality whliebl iniduIced
siad dollars to- the Soth Carolina~
College, the interest of which is tol be
conlt iinuously applied to)11 thedutcat ion
of somile nati ve CaroIilii in thait ilnsti
tt ion ; :aplication s fr>m this District
to be prieerred ill tile selection from1
hliot i.In Acc identg.
Thiere' were t wI colli.,ionis and1( Ione
11ru1 off"' oni thle Chalrlestoni and Co.
hilubia lia~il h1:ad on Fridayv last, we
thle passenlger t ralin fromi Chlarleston, ini
contself Ie of~(I the deteintioni, fil ed to
connlle.d with tile Wilmtinigtoni and Mani
chester lioad. Oil Saturday thle liridge
aceross t he Wateree, on the Camden
biranich gave waiy wile I a locom otive
was pa4ssinig over, the enginte got across
leaving her tend~er in the river channel;
th~ese accidents are gettitng too comit
mhOn, and( t hilr cause should be subl ject.
edl to a rigid examina litioni, and11 punl)ish
mienit indficted whetreve-r it, is duel..
Thie pa:ssengers anid m ailI, uintil some~ I
oIthler arranlgemlents1 aire miade, will be
taikei acrleoss thle WatereelV iln hboats.
We copy I the tbl lowving, ill relation1
to the t ranspollrtatio of11I the ili be
tween Newv York and Charlestoni, from
the Annuital lIeport of tile Potsma~st
"Cetality andlo celerity onl this
hine cant't he relied ott' while the
service on1 anl illpo(rtanitI lk ill the
ebainI a oll otes compo1 lsintg it is per1
untshe. i-red ca lst betweeni ~ Wihingm.
tonl a: Mancehester'I:u liaild duinght'
the next year willI, it is bielieved, en
aide the Djepatmenit to avoid this urn
certain poIrtionl of the prese-nt line.''
The ibllowing gentlernien have beeun
aIpointed and~ conuinissionedl Aids-de
Camps to his Excellency J. L. MA.
NiZOt,, Gqveno idC*R
James Simons, Mathew Irvine Keith,
James Sinkler, Thoinas M. Wagner,
John Harleston Rtead, L, Mf. Keitt, J.
D. Ashmore, J. T. Sloan, J. N. Shedd,
Frani Hainpton, W. A., Ancrum, -A.
McFarlan, A. C. Garlington, S. W.
Nelson, R. L. Tillinghast, Julius J.
The Sitte Legisateere.
The common eomplaint of too much
legislation is certaiuly not applicable
to this State, and our legislators de
serve all praise for the desp'atch jtli
which thy.have, hn a sonf twen
ty-two days, transacted business,'which
to-uninitiated eyes seemed to have de
minded the attention of months. Our
own delegates have well done their
part. To Col. Asmnonn, as Chairman
of the Con.mittee on Claims, we see
a well merited conplinent in the
Charleston Standard," he is emiphati
oally the working man of the Douse.
Our old friend too Capt. GiaEEN has
not been idle, but lias shown himself a
skillful debater,-his speeches onl the
Electoral question, and in support of
Col. AsiuMonE's motion, to increase the
appropriation for the Free School find
from *37,200 to *74,400, (which was
passed,) coinmanaded strict attention.
A niong the bills carried throngh was
one amenii(ling the charter of the WN'il
niigton and Manchester Iail Road
Company so as to allow it to connect
with the Columbia branch of the South
Carolina Road, which the delapidated
condition of the Camden branch, as
evinced by the late accidents on that
Road has rendered extreielv derir
ous. Also a bill re-chartering the
Bank of the State, and granting char
ters to eight new tanks, anmng which
is the Bank of Smter with a capital of
*300,000; we believe there is searcely
two opinions in our commlunutijtf irf re
gard to the necessity of having such
an iistitution in our inidst, there is
capital -ftbdiA in our District to es.
tablish many such Banks. aiid we hope
it will not now be withheld.
The iimportant mteasure of re-district.
hig the State, Occupied some time, and
has resulted in the annexation of Ches
I ter to our Congressional District, which,
as fhr as we can learn, is generally ae
The Coiiptroller Geiieral was an
thorized, upona satisfiaetory evidence
ieing produced that *250,000 had beein
raised by priivate su bscription, ard ex
penlded in) tle contstruclon of the "Blue
Ridge Iail lload," to eidorse bonds
to the :nniounit of 4625,000 ; in ant ad
ditional expenditure of *250,000, the
State to endorse a gain to t he amiount
of *625,000; thte botids to be sold at
piar or the State eudorseieht tu be
An appropriation of *50,000 was
also tmale ior thu new fare pi'oof build:
inhg naext to the Sta'te flouse fir the
saif' keeping 7f public docaiinents and
* 15,000 fihr thIe New College Chapel.
To Cuare Halans Mcely.3
Cut outt the mee-t as smioothtly as pos
siblet, salt it vecry light ly, and, haviing
spre-in it out, let'it, ireuiaiin thus fiar one
iiight.- T1he iiext imorning put two
tei'apoons-fuli of saltpetre and abtai
one' gi I of' imolasses to eactth haim. I lave
yourii salt ilretty red with enannaie pp
peLr, andi withI it rub thenrt wellI. P'ack
themt tight in clos'e box-es, puttinig the
siiial I phieces between the hlamzs so as to
leave ino hollow places. Let I'te lie
frmn three to live weeks according to
the izof t he mn't. Selct a cold day,
tio sine up) aeu yu as
spin kle them w ith peperi ai'.d putt a
thiek co at of' Ieached ashes on them,
pr'essinig the ashaes so as to make it
s.tie'k. ILiave thenm handled carefully
anrd hung lip wi th thle hoek hown.
Snmioke thieim wvell utiil the first of
MIareb. Tlhen take themi downu, and
uipon ever)' place froini which the ashes
may hve be ubd umr.
to keep thema f'rom tuuebing.-deve-.
IbEAis Ci' oF AN lesnt~io IN TinE
A acTiC SEA-W~Vhen ani immnse ice
berig begins to tamntble to pieces, and
ebaiige its position ini the water, the
sight is really granid,-perhaps oine
that, caln vie with tn eai'thquake. Mais
ses icoinceivably great, four times
the size of' St. Paul's C'athedral or
.W est uminister A bhey, are submerged
in the still blue watter to tappear again
ait thle su rihee, rolling anad hietaving
gigatically inm the swelling waves.
\' ohnntes of' spray rise like clouds
of whito vapor into the iir till round,
andt shut (lit the beholder fromt
a sceine too) sacired for eyes not im
imortal. The soulnd that is emitted is
not second to terriilie pteals of' thunder,
or the dischar'ge of' whole pai'ks of'
ai'tillery. The sea, smooth anid
ti'amnil, is arionlsed, andl~ oscillations
travel ten or twelve iiiles in every
dir'ection; and~ if' ice should cover its
surmfhee in one entire sheet, it comes
upl into dettachted pieces in the same
manner as if the swell of' an extensive
sea or' ocean land reached it. And be
lore a quiescent state is assumed, pro
bably two or three icebergs occupy its
place, the tops of some of' which may
be tat an elevtation of' upw)ards of two
hunadred feet, havinig, int the course of
the revolution, turned up the blue
- G M ss~sof Iewi. E
Pork lselingpt Mdin [nd, at
$6 25 -per 100 lbs nett, notwithstanding
theldrgo iecipts at th'at place ov6r
those :f laktey . UJams are selling
from the bigok at 8.a 8 1.2 cents per
Our State Legialature. adjourned on
the 16th inst.
The receipts of Cotton at the port
of New Orleans on Friday tha 0th
ii~tai ountiealto 23,890 bales.
Capt. Gray and crew of the, Lady
Suffolk detained in Ilayanna on suspi
cion of being engaged in the slave
trade have been released.
The upper story of a Iouse in Lnn.
don commanding a fine view of the
funeral procession in honor of the
DeKE of Wellington, was let for one
Advices from Mexico state that the
r'erelutionary party there are that gain
GEoEo BUIST, Esq., has been elect.
ed Ordiiinary of Charleston District.
There hais been a large fire iii Sacra
mento city, California, and property to
the value of X300,000 was destroyed.
TIac Sessisaer Agricultural
Met eccording to notice, in Sumter
ville, 6th December, 1852.
hi the absence of the President,
Capt. W. Harris, 1st Vice President,
took the Chair, and called the meeting
to order. A. A. Nettles was request
ed to act its Secretary pro. tem. A
quorno being present pro ceded to
busiiess; wheii the 1ilowiig resolution
was iffiered and adopted :
Reso/'ed, That a Committee of five
members be appointed, who shall re
port to this Imeetimg' a list of Premi
unis to be awarded ant the regular An
nual Meeting of this Association; also
that the said Coinittee be empower
ed to nominate or appoint Commin 'ttees
ot three members, who shall act as
judges or uimpires, on the difTercnt
classes of Stock or products exhibiled
-tle action of said ComUittee being
subject to approval of this meeting.
The following were the Committee
of five under the above resolution: Dr.
J. Ml. Pit ts, 11 - R. Spann. E. J. Puigh,
J. S. Bradley, Jos. It. Whiter .Jr.
Tile Committee of five made the fol
lowing report, which was adopted
List f J'Prembims offered by the Sunm ter
Ist. For the best Treatise ou the man
agement and improvement of stock
on a fiirm. ineluding Horses, Gws.
Sheep and [logs-the adjudged Trea
tise to be subject to the disposal of
the Association, a premium of Teu
Doilars- . *10 00
2d. For-the best Treatise on the cot
lection, preservat ion and application
oft mnanniress ineblidi ng thtose mtade
fromi IIorses, Lows, Sheep antd
Swine, with their relative value
together with Lhnte, Guano, anid their
various co'rnblinaitioi's; the treatise to
be subject to dikposal of Association
--a prenytinm of Tn Dollars 10'00
3.- For thui best sueklinig Ioist
Colt, $5) 00
4. For the best year odld Colt, 5 00
5. For the best t wo year old Colt, .5 00
6. For the best suckling Mule
Colt, 5 00
7. For the best year old Mule
Colt, *5 00
8. For the best t wo year old -
Mule Colt, 5 00
9. For the best Couw and( Catl, 5 0
101. For the best year old Calf
(hull or heifer.,) 5 00
11-. For the best three year old
Bull, * 5 00
12. For the b~est Iamn oif atny age, 8 00
13. For the best Ewve of any aige, 3 00
14. For the best pair of Lamibs, 3 00
15. For the best Boar. not exceed
ing two years old, 8 00
16. For the best breeding Sow,
same age, '3 00
17. For the best Sow with litter
of Pigs, 3 00
I8. For the best pair of Chicketns,
(improved breed,) 2 00
19. For the best pair of Turkeys, 2 00
20. For the best pair of Ducks,
(any breed,) 2 00
21. F'or the best lot of Butter. not
less than 10 lbs., ~ 1 00
22. For t he best jar of Pickles, not
less than 1-2 gallon, 1 00
23. For the best lot of Preserves
or Sweetmneats, in jars contain.
- mg one quart, a premnitum of 50
Cents for ech kind exhibited.
24. .For the bestwooleni Counter
pamte, 2 00
23. For the best Cotton Counter.
pamne, 2 00
26. For the best Patchwork
Quilt, 2 00
27. For the best woolen cloth Iitr
domestics (not less than 10
yards,) 2 00
28. F~or the greatest number of
yards of woiolen goods imade on
aniy plantation, in prop1ort ion to
niumber of laborers, 2 00
29. For the best turnintg Plough,
(ready for utse.) 2 00
30. For thte best sub-soil Plough,
(ready for use,) 2 00
31. For the best Sweep or Culti
vator, (ready for use,) 2 00
32. For the best Harrow, (teady
for use,) 2 00
33. For t ho best yield of Cotton
(swamp lantd,) 5 00
34. For. best yield of Cotton per
aere, (oak and hickory,) 5 00
35. For the best yield of Cotton
per acre. (pine'land,) 5 00
3Q. For the greatest yield of Corn
per ace (%waum lnd,) 5r 00
0. For grat
toe pprere o pe$
1. For greatest k
per. nere, -
42. For grtest yie d
44. F4r greate te
44. For greate
40. For bes spo
Corn in ears. n2t
47. For best Apecimei ofp
W heat, not less t6im oei
48. For best a, eeianenEt
tye, not lessarin one
49. For best.,spaeimern .. se
Oats, not less than e ush01
50.-Fui best specimen of
Rice, not le-s than oi b
51. For the best specinens r
52. 1"or tL6 best specimenso
53. For the best specimc4 f
1st. Comnittee on Trent
may be offered to the Aski
appoint 11. D. G.een, Dr.
Capt. J. J. Nelson.
2d. Committee -on Sn l
Horses and Mules; we
W. Nettles, G. W. Cobp and
3d. Committee on Oat n
Swine, we appoint CoL F. M I t,
John Muldrow, and L. -.iidifti
4th. Com-mittee oft P'ultr6
ducts of Dairy, Kitehen,'&.Vni $
point. It. 11. Cain, E. D. Prhigflk d
Jhn 1. Moore. .
5th. Committee on prohas -f
.m0111, Needle, and Implexrity
Jlusbandry, Capt. J. E. WithLr6on
J. W. Retbert, and R. D. Bradfrd '
6th. Cuminittee n y ildsf or
and l'otatues, roots,. &C., W Mlls J
J. Knox, and 11. Well.
7th. Committee on yields orcrn
Rice, Wheat, Rye, Oats and u't her9.
sma31ll ginins, John 0. Diurunt
J. Bossard and L. 1'. Lorinig'
8th. Coinittee oi speciIe
small giain exhibited, with pie
Of Fruit, Vegetables, ared FI.' lp ,, r.
A bbott, Turner Davis, and .Saui
Resoleed, .Tht all stock or piodt
exhibted for p-reniums, shal
property oi members of this A'
tioln, and shall be t he restrt f1iF
own labor; or iii other-w.rd t
line Cult, IJog. Cow, &e., b nlongmg
another individual, or brioughtihaion a
adjoinilig District, -eainut, be uOl t- .
exhibition ihr a premium.. .
Resolved, That tho 10th Art., .1p t 14
Coaisitutienii he so ailended - .
that -t he regilar" Annual^ tig ta
this Association shall take 'plac n il
secid Weadiiesday auter;:.hou f4:rtli
Moundiay in October,.or on gVecitd
during the first. week of pur FalP Jrdi'~
.;af Court, instead of on the thir~ edi
naesdlay in; Novenaiber, as it maoi stand.
Realeed, Tlhat- tihe proceeybig l of
tis miLetmng be publishe~d in our Dis.
se Merwini died ina Kindei-hook .
-e-the 8tirinstnt.-a~jve of 7Q
years. The -Kinderho.ok &Stilte
IIe psassed mUciflhis iaC1)th
society of Washington ?-vin ~h~nS
precep~tor ini the ih'mily '6o h
.ludge Van Ness, of this tnard.'.-l
were engaged in congieniMi pugti, s
,and their residences being 99ly a short
distance apart, the author of~ the
-Sketh Bi,?k' freq(uently vin 1te
Merwina' -was imnploy-d,U and con~.
dluenltly immiortalized his- nme
making haimi the hero of ndif.. hisP
imaitabile tales-'The Legend of tldi*i*
Sleepy llollow.' Every >body oh.i~k
hs read that iimiitable LegeNd~ant
w~hait lover of genuine humor~r hgstnnd
--will remneinber~ that hiajild wih
Ichabod Crane, and~ his terribleadven.
ure with the 'lleadidse Dore
Mr. lerwin wvas the ori iinal '.f 9
LsLio::TEsiso 'rng ,JAPAtESit
Londoni Morning Chronie sttt~e
the Dutch, who, as is pretty gen6
known, alone, oif sall European ma
hold commlneical intercourse with
Japsanese, publish a journal Inithe
psanese lagu;age, whieb is liitenided t
enlighten thewm as to tb6'pri rsikof th
"outside barbarians." Receitly, a mn
ber of this paper camp into thse hawd d
of the editor, who nalete sujoWe4
remaarks upon its contents:
"There are many things in ti~
singulasr publications with*wid
might be disposed to quiarrel W
cannot recognise the..elaimis u
great nation of Hiollanders.oijnk as
the leadiing European powervga d
trime which the zealous ,Dutch;mtd,
ers have from time inmemorial n
pressed upon the Japanese public er
aure we by any3 means satisfied tl
the insignificance whiceh the 'Datc'"f
licial journalists impute to Eln~
aind the Unite( States.
"With somne appearance .of plIj'
bility, it, is statedi that Grti JraS~~
is an island enveloped an prpe~th
togs, incessantly vexed withl puhl~~f
disputes, and inhabited by a rage whaeZ
soundness of-intelleetd s wn
qhuestionabale. Thce United Stawja
not fare much better;, forad
said to consist ( of cconininnita
veiy guarrulrous mnen, 'pefretly.
tnlte of all regard- forthe 4tit
property. Buta it- ce'rta tidy
no means a logical inkrc''fL
the natives of-the eummti i
courteousy l haacrh~'
sadl~y w jtpW: I il~