Newspaper Page Text
J. S. RICH AltliSON Ja
JOHN R. LOGAN, E rns.
WEDNESDAY, F'EBY,8 . 1854.
$ " Persons wishio. to sgee us.,aljum
business can find us, at Any hour dut-ing the
da, except from four to live in thei aler
nount at our office, just back of Hoz.oauoss'
New Store. All business conntied with
the paper must he transacted with the Edi
tor, or with WILLIAaM LF.wis; and all let
ters addressed to the ljauner, must be pre
paid to insure attention.
OOTTON Mnl 1RKET.
C(;At n.Es-roN, Feb. 6.
The market on Saturday was inanimate,
but with a moderato demand only-prices
ranging about the samne as for some days
previous. The sales amounted to 1200
bales, at the following particulars: 2419
bales at 8 1.4 to 8 1-2 ; 100 hales at J ;
405 at 0 1-2 ; 210 at 0 1-2 ; 130 at 9 '-4
to 10: and 04 at 10 1.2c.
1.0 We have the pleasure of an.
nouncing to our readers, 'that an ar
rangenent has been made, by which
Mr. JOHN R. LoG.AN, the forier edi
tor of the Banner, will assist, to some
extent, in conducting our paper. ll
our absence he will take the sole charge
of the paper.
The attention of the villagers, and espe
altdly of parents, is called to the Ordinance
of onr town, which prohibits the practice of
shooting within its corporate limits. The
town Council think it best that parents be
requested to put a stop to their children
violating this wholesome regahtnion, and
hope that they will save the Council the
necessity of enforcinte the law.
WiIAM II. Dvsos, of this District, J.
Rt. N. TENHET, of linrion, and \VWILLIaM
W. PaeR, of Vilmnington, N. C., have
been appointed Mail Agents on the \Vil
- tmington and Manchester Railroad.
s-? We publish in this issue, according
to promise, Mr. TABER's celebrated speech,
It has taken up inore room than we
thought for, and too much to allow our
publishing at the same time (as we intend
,d) Mr. PEIRY's criticism upon, it. \Ve
hope, those gentlemen who have written
and spoken to us upon this subject, and
whom we promised to publish Loth articles
together, will accept this as a sufficient
reason for the non-appearance of one of
these articles in this number. We will
have it forth coming in our next, together
with Mr. TA'ER'S recent letter to Maj.
PERRY, which comprises the whole cui
troversy. I r.as it has gone. Vo have
adopted the plait of publiashing this contro
versy between Mr. TAnER~ and Maj. PERIRY,
in order that the people may have the
chance of judging for themselves. and ini
order that they may do so entirely unbiased
- we forbear making any comments.
The report was going the rounds, a few
days ago, that this dreadful disease had
made its appearance in our quiet ando
healthy little town. T1hie repoert originated
in the fact that a y.oung moan, who had
just returned from Charleston, had been
taken~sick with what. has since~ beeni as.
certained to be mensels--a disease which
we are informed somewhat resembles the
Small Pox ini its first stage. T1hze youing
mnan has been treated for mteusels and is
recovering as fast as possible.
The Easterna WIar,
The latest accounts show a brilliant
victory fur the Turks.
The lighting continued1 for five
days and the Riussians were at last
routed with- the loss of 4000 killed
an~d two Genierals wounded. On the
last day the Turks attacked the Rus.
sian reserve and drove it hn cotnfusion
on Krajovat with loss of' its artillerv.
rTe slaughter (on bJoth sidles iznmnense.
The Tur-ks ufterwards destroyed the
Russian fortificaitiotns and retuszned
The Russians have ih.erensed the
fortifications of Sebastopol and along
the Crimea, and'' put out, all the
T1hte Sultan has essentially modified
the note of the Four Powers anid for~
warded it to St.- Petersburgh. No
anuswer hias yet beeni received frotm
the Czar, but it, is believed lie will
recall his Ministetr frotm Paris and Lou.
don, and formally declare war. Eng
land is strengtheninmg her coast do.
fences. Ini the F~rench navy yards thte
greatest activity prevails; every ves
the workmen have no iterinissioti
even on Sunday.
~ .~j: This all begins to look in earnest
liea general war.
lGener'osity of time Ilarapers.
Thte Mlesser,,. HlARiiRs, whtose estab
lishmnent was recently destroyed by fire
have kindly offeired to pay thte board of tihe
* girls, who were so suddenly thrown out
of employment, until their busintes~ is sutli
cieritly advanced for thema to resume their
|O7 Light thousand bales of Cottont wvo-e
-destroyed'on thte Mlississippi River by fire
'da the 29th uit. This with whlat his beit
deutruyed, at othier times, within thte last
few wekenswells the amount Jost to
* nsmarhing o..r ....e.ve .usn bale -
At this time, bwing to the appear
an1ce of a few. caues of, small pox in
Charleston, and some scattered ones,
in the country, nearly over' jlittiter or
head of fiimily, throughout the Si ate,
are busy in their inquiries for, and use
of vaeeine matter, as a preventative of'
this loathed and dreaded disease; yet
how few know to whom they areindebt=
ed for tht: discoveryofthe greatest boon
ever given to sufibring hmnanity, and
certainly the mnost signal triumph of
intellectual labor and the power of
Previous to the discovery of the
present system of vacination, innoeu
lation with the virus of the small-pox
Was pi'aetised in Turkey, and from
thence introduced into England. The
disease thus produeed artificially, was
found to be of a milder form, than
easual disorder and less fatal, but not
to such an extent as to lead to the
general practice of innoculatioin in this
form, tew persons being found willing
voluntarily to encounter the disease,
even in this mitigated type, and thus
matters stood, until the year 1798,
when Enwvann .1h:s nN, a physician
of a country town in England, and to
whom the world is indebted for the
discovery of the eflicacy of vaccine
matter inade known the results of his
experiments and successful introduc
tion of cow-pox into the human sys
tem, anid its power inl rendering the
small-pox innocuous. The disease to
which cows are subject and known as
the cow-pox appears first upon the
udder of the animal from which the
inifction it frequently taken by mlilk
ers, who during the ravages of the
small-pox were found to bo entirely
free from its attatcks and to the casual
renmark of dairy women, that she was
not afraid of this disease, us she had
taken the cow-pox, was Dr. .1li:xsx in
debt ed for ha ving his attention drawn
in that direction.
E~nw.mu .h:Nrr was moure than
twenty-live years inl bringing his
experiments to a satisfactory c'nlelni
sion1 amnd the present, systemii of usilng
the vaccine matter was unheard of not il
Ie h imself' applied , so late is i'-96
upon the arim of'a boy the matter taken
from a postule on the hand of a younlg j
wonan who had received the infectiou
from at cow. The disease thus pro
duced was one of' the mildest form, aid
upon innoeulating the same boy six
weeks after with the virus of the small
pyj& w as foundr
Tis was the~ first of' his tr'iumphs and~
led to what, is now ani almost univeii,'r
salh practice. Thet feelings of Dr )i'.: E
NEI whileI pu rsuiiig his explerimiients,
arec thus related by himisel f anld do as
mnneh honor to his heart. and ais justi y
entitle imi io the love and r'espiet of'
oif inun. kind, as the boon itsel ', which
his .skill and iobior madelt kinown to the
wvorbi. lie say s: " Wi'hilst, the 'ae'
eine discov'ery was progresshiu tihe
joy I felt, at the discovery be'tore mie,
of being the instrument (lest ined to
take away f'roim the world one of its
greatest c'alamiities, blended with the
fond hope of enjoying inidependencee,
aind domeistic peace and hiappiness, was
often so excessive, that ini pui'suing imy
fav'orite subject aimong the mneadowis,
I have somnetimes~ found myself in a
reverie. It is pleasant to ime to recol
Ieet that1 these i'eflect ions aliways ended
in devout acknowledgments to that
13eing from whom t his, and all other
Popnulation of Caforiaja.
romi the Altia C'edi/trniazn of D1cr., 3(0th
we' gleatn imany3 interestiug pa rticubIars of
the popuil'ation of Californ in. (On the first
of Ja inuary 18-'i3, the munb~er of iinhiabi
tants of the State was ('stimalfted at 31(1,.
Ot00. Tliemuiiber arrived by sea sinrce
tha't timue 2inounit to 3.185, dlepartutres
~30,310(, leavng dl,'90 as~ he exesof
arrivals ov'er dlepartuires. Tis doles niot
include(1 thle arrivals toer lhmd iawl the to
tl inctreaIse is estimaiuted at 18,0(30 mialing
the0 population iat this tuls amlount 3o 329;
000. Of' thecse it is estimated t hat 215,
0001 are Ameiricans, 25,1000 Gerinains, 25,.
Itt00 Frech, 17,000) Ch'iriamen, 20,0001
(If Span islahibodd, 5,0010 imissel laneous
foreigners, 20,00 Indians, and 2,5001 Ne
grues. T1hec numitber of women~i are sup
pnaedl to amltount. to 65,000), and children
plerha~ps 30,001). TIhis ('sti mate show's that
nearly two-thirds of the popultionl are
Amiericans and nearly ne-thiird of toreign
birt h, onae-toirtcenith French, one.thirteenlth
Germians, one-thirteonth Chinieso, nearly
onio-elerventh chiildrena anud one-sixteenth
AxornEn K(oz,:a Ad'air,--T'he Viennia
correspondent of the Ncew York Ti/silune
brings to public notice the case of an unof'.
fending man, triaveling under the proltectio~n
of a Uniited States pas5sport, who is no3w
incarrerated in an Autirian prison. II is
nameil is SilaoN "'AUssic, rind lie has a wvife
ml New Jersey, wihere hie has been suel
as a Alhoemnaker, and where he had taken
the nleecssairy stepus to buecomnean a Amer
ican~ citizen. Hie returned to Austria oni
business th:e present year, and was on the
point of' leaving tihe country to return hith
er, when h~was arrested by the Austriani
p~olice, his pasaports taken fromi him, and
he sent to prison. Thle A merican Minis
rdr has interfered in his case, hut the Auis
triain authorities rnfnemd lii. Um...a...t
Progress is the watchword of'the day;
its onward marcb is stayed neither by old
associations or venefatcd relics, and the big
house of former days iust fall anl give
place to the moro-substantial and utlitari
din buildidg of mnodern times ; down, it must
go With piles of rubbish anad lust, warning
the wayfarer, if he has any regard for clean
linen, to stand aloft and make his cot
ments at a respectahle distance.
A subject foiS the hammer of the age has
the old " Sumter Ilouse " heen deemned,
and its hare and mouldy fraine hears leeti
mony to the spirit and industry of those who
had determined on its downfall. Ear forty
years and morn has it stood in bold relief
upon the corner of Main fand Broad Street,
a land mark for the traveller, and an object
o(Veneration to the young, who have heard
their grandanes speak with brightened
eyes of.cotallon parties and tea-fights which
happened-vithin its walls, when they were
young. Many are the sage matrons of the
District, now surrounded by a smiling bevy
of the rising generation, who can date to
somie1assetbly in the old house the first
pang inflicted by Vulcan's boy. Many are
the rosey-cheeked old fogies, who with
mysterious winks talk of gaines at "old
sledge " and " blue " in those same premi
ses, when such were the fashionable past
times; but that was long, long'ago, this is a
more aoral age. (1) Some too, they are of
the cross-grained order who gruanblingly
tell of fearful combats on a ling smmnner
night, with voracious cla s, oh terri
ble ! But these must be noabered amona
the things that were and old oracles muast
find some other object on which to found
their tales of what once was done, for the
" Sumter House," the pride and boast of
the earlier settlers of Sumnterville, las been
doomed to give place to the demands of
the day and in its place, ere many months
pass by, thefaraer will find a mart at which
he may exchange the fruits of his indtastrv
'ur the fabrics of the world. Witla this vena
erable pile too is closed the only bar-room
bf the town, and we leave to the curious,
tho solution of the foliowing quaery, pro.
pounded by an i'qauisitive individiual..
WVhae is the tat with the specks to
get his sweetened Lne ?
.n~tax AN) PLANra.-Ve find
upon Oura table the Jaanary numtber of
this useful and highly interesting pub
ieation. 'Ihe Farmer aad Planter is
publiahed aaonthly at I'endletont C. II.,
andt14 from the iattmalr and select i.
ure ofits contents, we hesitate not to
recommend it to every. tarmacr in the
country. We shall take the opportu
nity, at some future day,' to make
some useful extracts for our readers.
'Tam1 SoUTHEaN eAGRIeULLTURIST.
We ame ng~ iJgwpifhe utury
dhraleg ot'f tlhisJurmal. Like thae
above it is devoted to a subhject of
growinag interest to c-ir peoople, anud its
table ofcoatteaats offers manaay temaapting
inaducemienuts to thec 3uucate naea
TheL Soth ouaght to encouta~rae all
wvorks oft this kintd. Thte termts of both
oif t hese p ulicationas a ae onec dollar int
adlvtace i er. siangle .:opyV lior thea year.
To' Claubs reawunmabl deductions ate
We aetutrn our thataks to sornte tiinda
iar a copy aof Gean. Cads speacha itn the
Clbaytona, Bulwer Tre-aty. Atad also
for a copy i of aaentam Ysanox)'s Ad
dlress before thle Call iapeaan :aad P~oly.
technic Societies oaf thec Citadej Aade
amy of Chaalestoa, S. C. Th'iis addraess
is a ouns I atad p a t cal :argum nt
int favor of duta su bordJintiona in oaur
academies and colleges, anal we hope
will hnave a whlae'soraae effe~ct, upoat thte
yotung genatlemaena ior whloma- it was pe
B.lackwoo~d and time NorthI Brtitish
Review, are both on aur table, but.
thmef require amoe tnotice thtan outr
titate and space will allowv this week.
We~ will atteand to theira claiams in ouar
Grenat. Counfl;arationu unld Loss
oft Life ini New~I OrIensmas.
A lire brokje out on thec Levee ian
New Orleanas on last. Satturday morn-.
inag, whlichI proved awfumlly destructive
(af life anad ir-operty.
It orniginaated itt thea steamer Charles
Belebyr, anad spraad toi the steaaners
Natchecz, Ileaht TFana, Mobignna, Sauxona
G rand Turk, and othaer-..
All the above namaaed steaumers, tao
gethier witha a barge, were btunt to
the wae' edge.
Ata immnaaiso samotunt of prodace
lyiag ont thte whlartes wvas destroyed,
taogetheur 'witha all t~he freight on boatd
te boats btartt..
. Thue amitire loss oif property .is es
Lina ted at one mtillIiota of dol larmk..
Th'le steamner Sultana, with Mad.
Soatmag ont board, took fire, but it wasu
fortuately extinguishmedgivith - but, lit.
The loss of life is th6' miost lamet.
able portion of thais sad entlatanity.
Fave white persons, and thirt.y-two
tnegroes, haave cithIer been devoured In
the flamecs or beent drownted.
Umac, of the fare engines, in thec great
eon fusion o0ccasionetd, was putshed in
thec river~. 'The flattnes are tot exhtin
This following so suaddently tlahe ea
tiastropah of the Georgia, ontly adds to
thte atilitiona thIat event acchsionted.
A new pmostolliee hans been'estalish
cd in Dha'rhinagtatn District, at thme resi
dlence oifCapt. J. Tiawao, to be0 called f
K'Ustu WVosaget.of Carolisw
WO. clip; frontho 'Cbarleston Standar
the fot ing trri ppal to the woma
of Carohapa. Our t 1 has neglocted, ay
refuscdntp mds i ib noble object, ar
by lenriggardl mdny has brotg
upon .us the shame ant derision of all iar
of our country. The Statesman, whom
nation alind'i hare bee'n, and perhaps w on
bo proud to hon itit ithat she thinks
right that, the land and home of his bir1
and boyhood-thej4ple for whom he e.
pecially' lived and died, should have if
distinguished prisilee of paying the fir
homage to his t ornry-this man, Sonu
Carolina has trbtid with worse than silei
neglect; and we re glad and proud to at
that the daughters of Carolina are abol
to wipe off' th= i.tin her sons have it
upon her name., aVo wi: i them succo;
and hopo that t1)? (dies, of Smter will a
"There has - . ntly been formed a
association, to W Cih we would call yot
attention, and bepgak for it your earn "
sympathy and hr ty .-upport. A body t
ladies have sga zed thnselves into a si
ciety, for the p e of aiding'. The Ca
,toun Montan tion" in colloc
Ing a surm su iett to build up a lastin
testimonial to the mnenory of our own Cia
' Each daughter of tie State, by subscr
bing her name and oe dollar, is enitit
to thme priv-lege of enlisting herself anion
this patriotic sisterlhbod.
Now we earnestlycall upon the dalughil
ers of Carolinn, zealously to einbrace ti
apportunity afForded them of proving the
patriotism ; andlthus wipe oll'the imil atai
)f ingratitude, with which as a State w
ire. dishonored ,and reproached. But
has been, and may again be said, we 1)m
no ronument to Sir utter and Marion
why then build one tat Callhoun i i
systeimi of logic do two wr,iongs itmake
rigt. Shall the thief say', I .to!e yea! e
lay, therefore it is right for ine to st:;
to day 1
Shall we onit deeds of charity this yea
because we were blitd to our duty th
last ? Oh no ! let the 'mod deeds of Ih
resenit cancel, inmtne measure, the own:
sions of the past.
In tie name of patriotism, in the nanm
of .lstitc and gratitude, we call upon th
women of Carolina to ca,:1w forward an
enerously aid mii this praise-worthy ca us(
Never let it be sad of thet that, cold an;
angrateful. their hearts re insed to at
know ledge the claimi, aid the:r hands t
biestow a litt!l: tniteupoin this just and wo
For our own sakes, let us not sulli
Calhoun to shop any longer betcatlh th
Iowly tmiib that nlow covers him, a toim
tar fron being .commuiensurate with o.
ratitutde of hits worth.
Let is not refuse to honor him, whom f,
o many long years honored us ; who fig h
mig manfully our battles, perished int I't
i.dst of the weary conflict, with his ai
miour on. . :
Let not our glourions " Southern cross
fade out of the sky, and we raise no mem
ral to tell of the departed glory, that rt
splendei. in, beauty, tracked our tirna
ment with lustratis light.
Let the wo:nen: of Carolina rally in thi
cause, and cerd'. 'sUccess, we shall se
gleamng in b - tmdir-oriast'one of
.in marble ma
lesty, it will yeu A W~ eloq ucntly of apc
ple's love ; andl .ra Vt'thiers of Carohnm
gathierinrg at its b;e,. aid promud ly point in
heir sons to the hioneredi rarme oh'Cathrout
shall bid. thoem learn a lesson of Tlruti
Justice anid Yirtue. - . U.
Under this caption the Carolinian cor
t:ins tire followving caution to those i
ba,,re aof th ItW~inminigtoni and Manchcs
ier Rail Road :
" A few weeks since we had occasio
to i'otice a complamnt or sonio paissenger
who travelled over the Witercetresti
womrk by the Wihningrtn :.rd Mat
easter railroad,. relative to thes rate
speed ait widch .the trains cartie over thr;
iangerous superstntture. Again tar
comph rits nmade to us. andta we tool it on
ditty again to utfor a wairning to thiae :
chaiirge of that rtid, anda to proiteat agaih
these tr::inns beig driven at a reckle.
spteed liver a treglet knowni to bedne
A aootiiity willI not hold athiase cor
cerned gal I:less shouldh any miisforrtun
happihen. Thley have beeni ~wartned nw
thn rsecond tirme, anal we dlo rtrust th-at thtan
ini anthoriry will sere tha i these warntin'
are tnot miadet in. dain. Better loose a i;
than a dlozent or two lives."
Wae know nut wheother tis rebuke
merited or, whether the repoirt th
have gone abroad are exaggratedh accoutn
of the rate of ar uvehoni this rotad. The (Vi
mtington antd Mlanchester road is a now on
just abouoat being compnhle: ed andia snich r
poarts woutld tend to injuro it. The Cot
patny have a bright piritspect ahieadl
tthenm anda it would be a pity to nip it in t]
state fair iinforimation, thnat this road is nc
dhoirng an excellent business. A great de
oif travel is adonie over it; on several oc
sions of late, there- have been mnoro lie
so nato comea thatn could lie accnrmmodat<
anda they have had to be left. We soi
poise thtat the demand for moreir accominr
dationt, lhas been, or wvill very soon lie pr
vialed for, tandl then, ahey mtay expect rmin
travel thantt any road Sotthi.
Stxcua aa DI)scLosunta.-A hoav namet
Edlwardl Reaese, thtirteoen yeatrs obil, was d
tectedl pick ing d pocket at Phi lidelphtia I
Al oniday. lie states thait saime teat air
doazen boys, ranigingdiromi twelve to twei
years or agae, tars banded lnger her foir tI
tiurpose aofa picking paickets an ii r erit
whueror ant jfpiotunity occuirs. T1'
buad is regularly organized, having a hii
called "Strairney" as a header, arrd anot he
knuown as "Biig Chuckles," who acts
deprity in tho absence oif the captaini. T1'
field of opierations extend friomt wasim
tort to New, 'York, anal the platn of actit
is vatrie~d to suit' circurmstanices. The oli
ntr binys, arid loadors or tihe gantg, are oste;
sibly engaged in sellitng periodicals am
cheapih puiblicliatis, anal they geneorally a
ais the receiverh of thte plmnder obhtait
by the smaller'boys. Thme yorugstersa h
long pirintciperly to New York anid Dall
miore.- Cha' Leston Erenmimir .Neu-s.
A dividend of six por~ canit. out<
theo profits of the hast hialtyear hi
been declaired by theo comn tnercial Bian
ofWilm ngtohu, N.'C., besides apprti
printmng two per cent, to the conitnrge;
Our readers will find interestinrg the
d, subjoined account of the late destruction
,n of the ball cartridge factory on Longis.
e, land, which we copy from the New York
It Totril DetrncIin of Frenelatg
Is Hall Cartridge Factory.
About two o'clock yesterday afternoon
Id the building occupied as a factory for the
;t makingr of inall cartridges at Lower Rav.
enswood, Long Island, blew up arith an
- explosion that shook the houses in thr
- neighborhood for two miles around, and
e breaking the windows of all those build.
t ings which were within ,ix iurgired or
h eight hundred feet of the place. It was
rented by Mr. French, who, together with
it is son, are generally engaged im the
e building. but being at the toment other
wise occupied, happily oscapel serious in.
jury, though Mr. French, snt. Is suffer
tog severely from contusions.
;s The number of persois employed is
lo generally about thirty, being fer the most
part girls of the ages of ten to eighteen;
but some men and youths also find work in
" the factory. The exact nmber of lives
Ir lost is now not known, for, bein:. the af
t ternoon of Saturday, a greater or less
unmiher than usual might. have been there,
accordimg to circumstances.
Our reporter was on the spot half an
t- hour after it occurred, and the sight of
r such ai d ckenmitr scene he hopes to be
spired again. ''hie site of the bulding and
the surrounding lots were covered with
the debris of the building, -humat limbs,
and fragments ot machinery. We saw a
g rman draw from the mass the head of a lit.
tle girl which he knew was that of his
daughter by a bit of ribbon fastened to
e her hair; but any other portion of the
r boly lie wouhi never lind, or if ie found it
he would never be able to .ay it was the
e body of his child.
It The precise cause of the explosion no
one remains to explain. It is known. how.
ever. that the stove used for warming the I
a building was red hot, the day being very
col; and from the highly c omibusti ble ia
eriaIs which were used i close proximity
to it it may readily be acco miged fir by
supposing soiie particle igu:ited on the
Iloor, aid communticatinig with the articles
in varivus Ftages of preparatin. causel
Within a few feet of tihe buildin:: is a
fireproof cell, in which is stored large quan
tiICs of powder; and this bieing w etlun the
scope of the simoke and 11 tihme (it the burn
ing ruins, no one was w.ihng to hazard an
aipproach to attempt to rescue the siuder
ers from the ruins for soene time alter the
explosiont took phace.
T he shinek oi casioned by the explosion
- was t re:nendous. and was seisibiv felt at
a distance of six or eight miles; and du.
r ring yesterdaiy afternoi a report was
e current in Wit:i.unmsbturg and IBn .okivia that
b an earthquake had taken place somewhere
upiian thin isianid.
The scene at lavenswood beggars de.
'r script .:t. The bimifing octcupied by Mr.
French for the manutacture of F'rench's
rifle cartridges was a one story wood buil
d fing, twenty by twenty-five feet square,
which was brown into fragtents. and not
a single stick could be found that a child
could not lift.
It is ,smpposed that there was about
twenty persons in the building, ani but
three were known to have been taken
s out alive.
e It is said.that' the firesoiginated in the
a northeast cornorof'thibudidin i .the
-tie lidr ko o hiilvie bo tae
istove, hnt from what cause is unknown.
aThere wvere over 50t,000 ball cartridges
m.natde up iti the builtdiig, besides a conis:d.
erable qutantity of pow~der. Thme' cartritdges
n;searly all exploded, andmi time .balls wvere
thrown in every direction; but providen.
tially mmo person tiut of the buitdmrg was
seriously imjturetd. Oiie of the balls pas.
sod throughm a patio of glass into the libra
ry roomi of Mr. IBodine, a dmnstanceof one.it
e igthl of a timme, andt shattered the ch-ind
The idwellinmg houses within a circuit of
n1 a mile were imore or lessu inijuredl, li inie
theUi glass entirely brokent ott and in sev
C eral instanmces the~ wills were dlsmmaged~.
M-ir. F'renchel's hiouse, whlich is abitut thiir
tty rod~s fromm lime facterywsveymc
t d:imged; thvidveadapr i f he
e untr a ingeeni ety, anmd ma
rsieconid story frmomit roomii was thme only one
Swhich the tfamilyh couiltd Occupy last imight.
At time t imei of time accienmt Mr. F'reich
wasen adat work in a smnall build.
escaped with his life. A furnamce near wher~e
lie was staniding was broken' ~to pieces,
a nit his liat. carriedt away anod coul d not
'be foiundi; be also received several slight
Cbru isos about lie famce anid botdy from mis
Ssiles, which wvere biurid in all mdirectioiis.
i W~e were iniorimeed bey Mr. Frenchi that
onlii of his boys, a few days sinice, in empty.F
s itng out somei kegs omf poewder, discovecred
tw L atizc.es, wimch had beent packed tip
Th'le peiople of thec v~illage ceminure Mr.
-French severely for tnot.mcmmploy iog a great.
er tdegrea of caution ini is danogerous tmn
t-ifactory, and especially for not appointing
.a jutdicious ande uexperienmedl suporintend-i
oe t 'ver ins j mvetnile wvorkimien , Imanyi ofI
whmn were tel tender years, stome of them
me hieing undoier t welve, anmd onily two mor
ill three adilmits among theme if we'are riightly
tv inforiied. Several of the Irish resaleits of
the pilace ! eramii, shmortly after the occur
renc e, q ute rimtous onm thle subject, andii
a- on was hiearmd to thmrealt) to "stmir iinny
r- Mr. F. Peihaps, in comsequence of these
dm thireaits, that genltlemant, withI his fi.
Iy, hatve Iteft time place telbporamrily..
nSume ideca ot time tremendouits forcte of
the explosion tiiy lie conceived when we
o- smy that every tdweiling house in time on.
-e amed inte ineighbiorhood was shaken abomniostI
toi their fotmdat inns. Rev. Mr. Waijte. aim
Epiiscopaml c lergymmm, hiavinig a pastoral
di charge m time placte. ad residing near time
C- tmantiactory, was borced to remtove with
.st his fanimily 1 t aneiglhbor's house, some1
a dlimttance oIl', to oibtaimi shelIter from time in.
vclemenmt wieathier, every wimdow in his
toe own inwelling beinig btowtn cotmpletely
gout. All the tdwelliings in the vieinmy wer'e
I in time satme state. Curiously enough, a
my stage hiappenedio bm le pamssing at the time
r, oft lie explosion, ando the concussi was
is so great that the glasses ini the winidtws onm
ie one side were shattered ito a thious.
e. sand pieces.
"t WVe are toltd hadl time moaazine, which
*. wa Bituiated a short idistanice froti the
ma int buldin~g, becanie ignited, the conse
idqtience wouild hamve beent still miore mdisas
'l trous. T1he magazine countained between
I two and three tone of powder.
SaD AccIDF.T.--We regret to lean the
ti p Freight Traini of time Greenville and
Cohiinihia railroad was thrown from the
k track on Tuesday, time 81st tit., anid Mr.
Allen, the Engineer, in attempting to
'jump from the locotmotive, was immtedmute
it1. crushed1,~ to ,1.,.,, vii Ao.aic
Frum the Now York ferald.
Voecisaatiosu-Is it at i'revenmta.
tLive of Sassall Pox ? -
We publish for the benefit of our
lReaders, the subjoined article, by Dr.
E. II. )ixoN. .It is upon a subject of
peculiar interest to our eolnmuiiity
just at this tine, and we hope our
reaers will profit by the advice it cot
'1o ia EnToR OF 'rus IIF.RALD.-In
iiswer to the repeated reqnests if' a
public exposition of lily topinious with
regard to the Preventative power uf,
Vaccination, and how I aecouit ter the
preseLt extensive prevalence of tho
sinall pox, I reply,
1st. Thiat vaccination is unqestion
ably a very powerful preventative is
shown unuswerably fIrnithe fact that
history proves that the mortality, hav
img firnerly bee o frightful as to
sweep oil' in-re tla halt of all per
sons exposed, has been sy far reduced
by vaccination, when even imperfectly
Or very carelessly perlorined, as'not to
exceed five per cent., mid that this
small proportion is still further re
duced, even in those who are seeming
ly not susceptible to full and satisfiut
2d. Are there any persons to whom
the vaccine vesicle cannot be conununiii -
icated? and it' so, are those persons lia
bl)e to simall pox? It has been subposed
that those persons who are inoeulated,
i. c. with the virus or. lympth of the
sinall pox, taken in the natural way,
(a process since the discovery of cow
pox, furbiddein by law) as well as those
who have once had the disease, were
not liable to it second attack. This
is certainly incorrect. I have, withini a
fortnight past, snecfded in produeing
two very perfect vaccie vesiles in
two persons much pitted froni a iatu
ral and severe attack several years
since. They wre both servants in
the fiutnilies of two of my patients; aiid
what is singular. they were the only
two fuil and complete vesicles, having
all the proper characteristics as in the
v:cci nat it of the infimt, iionigst ser
enteen persons, the united ntutber
of the two taniilies. Several of these
vesieles however, presented such mark.
ed eharacteristics as to assure moe the
parties were liable to greater or lesser
degrees ofsmall pox or to varioloid, as
we call it; nnd several were entirely
unlisuscelptiblde. the vesieles not showing
itself; in these it was supposed the
formier or infamtine vaccination had
protected them. This hnwever, can
only be-tully proved by again vaccin
ating them, as it is imapossible to say
hut some hidden cause, not asccrttiuit.
ble1in any other way, inight have pre
vented tile virus troin showing the dis
3d. How do I account for its un
risual prevalence this year?
I answer, there is undoubtedly an
atmospheric, predisposition- existing at
this: A t1 i I . o otr ety; ake
them one with another, are-as well
protected this year as the last. -Small
plox existed I -st year, and does more
or less every' year, to an extent suf
ficient to spread nil oiver the city. The
fhet is it will in a year spread as ex
tensively from six eauses as from sixtv-;
and will matnage to catch an im:nens
majority (of those who, are not pro.
tected. .Now this season, small po~x is
vastly more prev'al -it than it has
bLen within forty yealrs; indeed, it is
so mnech more so, that we have no
rationual cause left than atmoa spheric
pred isposi tin for its great incerease.
The only safe maethod in this disease
ito vaccinate the sanme person several
tiines, or1 as loing as thle soie is produ.
eed, with the distinctive charneter of
thme vaccine vesiele or cowv pjx.
The [proot of the genuainess of the
vesiehe is this, viz: On tile eighth day
fronm thle inisertion0 of the maiutter,
(whichl process slihould never draw a
drop of blood for miore would wash it
awvay,) thme sore shul d priesen~t tI.e
flAlowving appearance: An oval centre
of ia browmish coltor, a hight ci rule- of
pearly' vesiclee, conitaininig the lympha,
or specific matter, andh a rose colored
bl ushi ext end ing front lie outer circle
oif this pearly border all artound it,
ifand inn imaperceptihly into the sur
rouinding skin. Uinless it presents
mole or less of this appearance, it is
only a conltnon sore, anid in nowise
fprotective.. el ost in proptition as it
appIroachles the above appearance it is
perfect. I consider two ocr three trials
with good reliable lyimph on the quill,
taken tromt the sixth to lie ninth day,
anid inserted wi tho ut drawing a fu'll
drop' of blood, suflicient.--If. it do not
take I consider that person sufliciently
proltcted by thle former vaccinattioni.
I wouild cert ainly, hiowever, revaccinate
every few years. in the eleventh num-.
ber tof the Scapel there is it popular
artiele on this subject, to which we re
fer all readers desirous of investigating
the few known facts in the history o~f
R~espectfuilly, your obedient ser'vant.
.LD WA RD H. D)IXON,
Editor of the Seapel, 42 1"ifth avenu-e.
To TAX COLLEC'1R.TheP Act of the
Legislature relating io the Retgistry of
Ilirthas. Deaths and Marriages. retquires
the Tax Collectors to receive returns when
ihe taxes are paid. We aire reqiuested to
give notice that the books and schetdules
will hec forwarded to thme Tax Collectors
when ilhe Acts are distributed, as the op.
pomntiment of itegisitirs hias just been made,
anti it is their dummy to have suclh books pre.
pared. 'lns will enatble th~e Registry to
he conunenced on 1st Marc~h.
Etditors interested in the Rtesistry will
please copy tis nottice--Caroiniianm
DUtoWNEDu. -Oan Fridaye eveninig last,
Stephen Rtamwatuers and ml M r. WValliamis
started rum this plae with it Raft of' Lum-.
ber- for Gzeorgdtown. Somaetimie during
that night the rai ft was store antI Rainw
ters drowned, WVilliamos escapting ashore
en a log.--Chieraw. liazette.
For tb manner. -
To Dr. J. Hr Wiiwterspbon.
REsPECTED Sin: :-llaving had the hap
piness of being long and intimately cogni
sant of your great mnoral wortl, and unob
trusive and gentlemanly demean'r as a
private citizen, your friends in Claremont
Cenoty re'pe, tfully request your consent
to allow thema to anniorie you as a candi
date for Senator, to represent therm during
the ensuing term.
Your weil established reputation ren.lers
it superfluous to say aught of your entire
fitness for the station it is our desir# yoe
A FaIENDTO Mrutr.
* Wa.lchman please . copy
1n. ETrun : You will oblige many
citzsns by announcing Col. J. 1). BLANi"
IsG as a candidate for Representative fpr',
Clarmnont County, at the -next sessioi of -
Feb. 6, 18-4 ,- 15 -tf
a" Watchman please copy.
MA. EDITOR : Please announce Col. J.
M. NELSON as a candidate for Senator for
Cluremont County, at the ensuing election,.
and oblige MANY VOTERS.
February 8th, 1854 15 tf;
(X Vatchmain please .copy.
For the Banner.
Well Dose ! Old Sunuter I
Our citizens hive been for years the
victims of the vile practices of a set of un
principled Hucksters and Nogro Traffick
era, in the shape of Shop and Store- keepers,
who in defiance of all lawand tmoral re
sponsibility. have been dealing rut poison.
one intoxicating liquors to our inofiensive
and well-behaved slave population. -
Not content with destroying the physi.
cal constitution of the pour negro, they
subvert his moral susceptibilities and de
grade him to a level with themselves ;.
goading him on to plunder the kind and in.
dulgent owner of every species of propertyr
and become the ready receivers of them:
Writhing nnder these undeserved and
intolerable abusej, our village and country
friends have arisen en masse, Hammer and
longs in hand, determined to make tl.ese
gentry " define their position" or, by
rasping the scales from their oblique mor
al vission, and hammering their meal to'
such a degree of fineness as to make the in
capable of receiving that beautiful polish,
imparted by the burnisher of fair dealing
and egitrimate industry.,
Whme, such mno: as the W ILDERS, IIAM
METS, WITH.RSI'oONS, DISG LES, SPAINs,
IIAVNs\VoRTItS, R IcnARDSoNS, and-a host
of other h igh-mini ded citizens undergo the.
fatigues of seven days and nights arduous
and incessant vigilance, our friends at .A
distance will readily perce.ve that we iiver
ut telo v i~~1 W~~
in tuntoti, rotl on, ttere i3s a good time
comsing. Peorseveranmce wvill most certainuly
accomplish your honorablte intouft'ons.
- V ULC~AN.
Silave. Plot in Kenmtuck j.
We fintd the folloing in one of
. We learti from the Lotuisville Coura
ier, that IHenry County, lKy., has re
cently been the scene of considgrable
excitemetnt arising from the discov'.
ery of a plot of some slaves to miur
decr a tiamihy becatise they thouht one
of their number had beetn sold, and
make their escnpe to Canada. T1he
fiamily whlich it wits proposed to miura
der wasq naimed Hlermdomn. One of
the servants, suspecting that his mans
to had taken - anot her off to sell him,
told his views to several othters. and it
was agreed to throw a stone in at the
window and kill a little boys
-The lady of the botnse, it was ex
pcted, would be ailarmned and run
omut, anid then she was to be murder-,
ed. This done, the necgroes were to
divide, one piartty to flee at once to
Chiada, and the others to remain until'
the retturn of' their aater, wvho was
to be killed, and the montey wich he
wvas supposed to have receivedl for.
the servanit he had takent with him, to
be appropriated to thmeir use. This
scheme was carried out so far as*
to throwv tlxe stone through the win
dtow, butt the a boy at whom it was
directed escaped, and the beaits of
the conspirators failed. The neigh
bors comitng in and~ eutiring abuout
tho stonte, whlich hatd been thrown,
the negroes talked so as .to fraw
susptcion upon themselves, and be
ing stoppedl confessed the plot, isn
plicating a large .numbg;, of' negroes
and one wvhite man. Several of the
slaves concerned have been sold.
THU NEUTHALITY OF $iwED.EN AND)
DENMARK. -Some doubts having .been
expressed as to theo condnct the :north
ern courts of Sweden and D~enmark may
think proper to adopt in the event of an
extensioni of the hostilities which, have
commenced on the pagube and the
Blacek Sea, these powers have recently
determined to establish a strict unionri(o
their policy, and a formal declaratIont or'
their intentions has just been addressed
by their ministers, in identical terms, to
all the cabinets of E~urno. WVhatever
may he the result of the dmtTrences which
have occurred between lRussia and TFur
key, and wvlaih threatens to extendl to thme
maisritime powers, Sweden and Demtnark
are desirons of malntainming their frierully
relatiotis wvith all the State- now ait amity
with them, and,-acordmgiy, they propose
to observo in the contest wvhich tmay now
be imnpending over the world a strict neu.
tralit., by abstanomg tromn every dru't or
indiarect measuro calculated tom tavo' or as
sist either of the. comnJ:ng partie.-Ca
I sAR ao FLOoK 'OF PzG Eo~s.-The : largcr~t
flo)ck of wida ligee wve 've r saw 'pass, dt
uover this place on l'n~epd y mnmruang list.
Wec shoumhld snmp-ose thuerea wver' freom 4 to
5tuJO in the ikoik. goitng min aSouakenter y
ir tat i..- L.a .,a s:....