TIM, SUl'fii BluNl.
JOHN R. LOGAN, E)T)ons.
W.DNB.SDAY, FEB'Y,8 . 1854.
Fa" Persons wishintr to see uss-upon
business can find us, at any hour du-ing the
day, except from four to live in the aner
nount at our office, just back of Bot.oatoxs'
New Storo. All business connected with
the paper musi he transacted with the Edi.
tor, or with WIL.IAM LEwIS ; and all let
ters addressed to the Banner, must be pre
paid to insure attention.
COTTON 'MAR K ET.
CnAn:LEsroN, Feb. 0.
The market on Saturday was inanimate,
but with a moderato demand only-priers
ranging about the same as for some days
previous. The salos amounted to 120(}
bales, at the following particulars: 250
bales at8 1.4 to S 1-2; 100 bales at 9 ;
455 at 0 1.2 ; 210- at 0 1-2 ; 130 at 0 3.4
to 10: and 04 at 10 1.2e.
7 We have the pleasure of an
nouncing to our readers, -thut an ar
rangement has been made, by which
Mr. JOHN I. LooAN, the torier edi
ter of the Banner, will assist, to sotie
extent, in conducting our paper. Ini
our absence he will take the sole charge
of the paper.
The attention of the vi.h: ;ers, and espe
eitdly of parents, is called to the Ordinance
of Onr town, which prohibits the practice of
shooting within its corporate limits. The
town Council think it best that parents be
requested to put a stop to their children
violating this wholesome regulation, and
hope that they will save the Council the
necessity of enforcinr the law.
War.utan II. Dvsos, of this District, J.
Rt. N. TENHET, of MArion, and WILLAru
W. PIrE, of Wilnington, N. C., have
been appointed Mail Agents on the Wil.
inington and Manchester Railroad.
Vr- We publish in this. issue, according
to promise, Mr. TAu-:R's celebrated speech.
It has taken up more room than we
thought for, and too much to allow our
publishing at the same time (as we intend
ed) Mr. PEnnY's criticism mn n it. We
hope, those gentlemen who have written
and spoken to us upon this subject, and
whom we promised to publish both articles
together, will accept this as a suflkicat
reason for the non-appearance of one of
these articles in this number. We will
have it forth coming in our next, together
with Mr. TABER'S recent letter to Maj.
PERRY, which comprises the whole con.
troversy.gspaa it has gone. Wo, have
adopted the plant of publishuing this contro
versy between Mr. TABERt and Maj. PnR R ,
in order that the people tnay have the
chance of judging for themselves, and mn
order that they may do so entirely unhiased,
-we forbear mnaking any conmnents.
Thme report wa going the roundms, a few
days ago, that this drea:dful disease ha~d
made its appearance in our qniet and
healthy little town. T1hue report originaited
in the fact that a young moan, who had
just returned from Charleston, had been
taken~sick w"ith what has since~ been as.
certained to be mesels--a disease which
we are informed somewhat resembles the
Small Pox in its first stage. The young
man has been treated for measels and is
recovering as fast as possible.
The E'asterna War.
The latest accounts show a brilliant
victory for the Turks.
The ighting continued for five
days and the Russians were at last
routed with the loss of' 4000 killed
and two Generals wounded. On the
last day the Ttirks attacked the Rus.
sian reserve and drove it in confusion
on Krajovat with loss of its artillerv.
Tfhe shmiughter onm both sides aiimns.
T~he Turiks afterwards destroy ed t h.
Russian fortifications and retuaned
T1he Russians have is erensed thn
fortifieations of Sebastopol anid alon~
thme Criuca, and''put out all the
Thie Sultan has essentially modifie(
the note of' the Four Powers and foar
waided it to St.- P'etersburgh. N<
answer hias yet been received froti
the Czar, but it is believed he wit
recall his Minister from Paris and Lon
don, and formally declare war. Enia
land is strengteninmg her coast dlu
fences. lin the F~renchm navy yards tla
greatest activity prevails; every ves
sel is o'rdered to be fitted out, inn
*the workmen have no intermissioni
-even on Sundauy.
This allibegins to look in earrnes
like a general war.
Generosity of thme Ilarpers.
The Messers. IIantr.:as, whose estab
lishmnent wvas recently destroyed by fire
* have kindly offered to pay the board of tin
girls, who were so suddenly thrown ont
of employmaent, until their businmeaj is stulli
ciently'advanced for them to resume thmei,
17Eight thousanid bales of Cotti wert
-delstroyed'on the Mississippi River by fire
dni the 29th uit. This with wvhat lhas beeu
destroyed, sat other times, within the las
- few weekw, swells the amount foat ti
something Avet te..e ..--an aes
At this time, bwing to the appear
ance of a few, cases of. small pox in
Charleston, and some scattered ones.
in the country, nearly over' lihftiter or
head of fituily, throughout the Siate,
arc busy in their inquiries for, and use
of vaccine matter, as a pre 'etative of
this loathed and dreaded disease; yet
how f'bw know to whom they arcindebt
ed for th discoverylofthe greatest boon
ever given to sufl'ring humanity, and
certainly the muost signal triumph of
intellectunl labor and the power of
Previous to the discovery of the
present system of vaciination, innecu.
lation with the virus of the small-pox
was prctised lii Turkey, and from
thence introduced into England. The
disease thus prod ueed artificially, was
fund to be of' a milder form, than
easual disorder andaless fiital, but not
to such an extent as to lead to the
general practice of innoculation in this
form, f'ew persons being found willing
voluntarily to etcounter the disease,
even in this mitigated type, and thus
matters stood, until the year 1708,
when EnwAnD 3ENExx, a physician
of a country town in England, and to
whom the world is indebted for the
discovery of the eflicacy of vaccine
matter iumade known the results of' his
experiments and successful introduc.
tion of coW.pox into the human sys
tem, amid its power inl rendering the
small-pox inncuous. The disease to
which cows are subject and known as
the cow-pox appears first upon the
udder of the animal from which the
infection it frequently taken by milk
ers, who dnriig the ravages of the
small-pox were fiund to bo entirely
free fiom its attacks and to the casual
renark of dairy women, that she was
not afraid of this disease, as she had
taken the cow-pox, was Dr..1 :xxi:it in
ilebt ed fr having lhis attention drawn
in that direction. '
'LE)wAnui 3 Nxxiin Was more than
twenty-five years in bringing his
experiments to a sati factory ci neiln.
sion and the pr-esent. systei ii f' usiing
the vaccine inmtter was unheard of until
he himself applied , so late as 17(06
upon the aria ot'a boy the matter taken
from a pustule on the hand of a young
woman who had received the imifection
fi'oit a cow. The diseiase thus pro
diuced was one of the iildest forat, and
upon innoculating the sane boy six
weeks after with the virus of the small
pP$jt was foundry
This was tihe first of is triumphs and
led to what is now ani ahniost ulnniver
sil practice. Thei fe-elinigs of' I)r Jr:I
ara thie pursuing his experimients,
ar hsrelated by himsel5(1f and do ats
imucihi honr to his heal-t. :md1( as julsti y
eniti tle him io~i the love aund re1sp ect of
of'ia mmkind . as thle bi on i tsel f, which
his skill anid lobor mfadle kniowni to the
wvorl.l lie says: " \V inst the vae
cine discovei-y was pro'ugressium~ the
joy I f'elt at thii diiscovery befo~re tme,
of beiing the instruimenit dlestine~d to
take away fromt the worl'id one of'its
greatest calam ities, blended with the
fo~nd hope (i' enijoyiing indepenldellece,
and donmestic peace and hapipiiness, was
often so excessive, that in pursuinig my
fivorite subject among the mecadows,
I have somtetimecs fiiund myself' ill a
reerie. It is pieasanit to mie to recol
leet that these r'eflections always ended
in dev'out acknbowledginentts to that
Being from whom this, and all other
Populationu of Onlifoia.
From the Alta Ca!ifrnnian of Dec., 30kh
we glean m nyt interestiing pairticuilars of
the populhationi of Califurntia. On the first
of Jatnar y 18~>3, the ntotnher of inthiabi
tants of the State was estimated at 3110,
0(00. Tlhe numiiber a rrivedf by sea since
that timie aml~ounit lio 3518, departures
30,:i1(, leaiving 4,%(9 as the excess of
arriv-ais over dlepartutres. This doues ntai
includ~e thle arrivals ov-er land and11 the tu
LalI inc reaise is estimatttedi at 18S,0n0 ma kimer
the popula htin at t his time amI~ount to 329,.
000. Of these it is estimiatedl that 215,
Of00 are Anmericants, 25,00t0 Gernians, 25,
000 Fren-ich, 17,00() Chinamient, 20,000
of Spaniishi bh'od, 5,000 missel laneous
foreigners, 20,(000 Itndians, and 2,500) Nc
grocs. TIhe numaber of' wotmen tare sup
poised to) amouttnt, to O5,(000, andi childret
perhapjs 30,000.- Th'i's estiimate shows thlat
neairly twothirds of the popub0 ittion are
Amrericans and uiearly one-third of Ioreign
birt h, one-toirteentth French, one-thirteenth
Germa ns, one-th irteoth Chinese, ntearly
on-elevenith children atnd one-sixteenth
Aso-rreni Koz:au Affair,--Tlhe Vienna
corresponidenit or the New York T1ribiune
britgs to public not ice the case of an utiof-.
fendiing mlan, travelingu under thin protction
of a Untiteid States passport, whoii is now
incarcerated in an Austrian prison. llis
namue is SaloN TAUSSic, and h~e has a wife
mi New Jersey, where Ithets been settleid
as a shioemaker, and where lhe hand taken
the neicessary step~s to becomnoan a Amer
ican citizen, Hie retuirned to Austri~l on
business the presentt year, and was on the
point of heavmlg thte country to return hith
er, wvhent bewas arrested by theo Austrian
p~olice, his. passports taken fromt him, aind
lie sont to prison. The A merican Minis
ter has interfered in his case, hut theo Aums.
trian autitorit ins efu,.ed Iti librao...4..
Progress is the watchword of the day
its onward march is stdiyed neither by old
associations or venefated relics, and the big
house of former days inust fall and give
place to the nioro-substantial and utilitari
ain buildidg of modern tines ; down, it must
f0 With piles of rubbish and dust, warning
the Wayfarer, if he has any regard for Clean
linen, to stand aloft and nake his com
ments at a respecttble distance.
A subject fo0 the hammer of the age has
the old "Surnter IIouse " been deemed,
and its bare and mouldy frame bears testi
mony to the spirit and industry of those who
had determined on its downfall. Eor forty
years and morn has it stood in bold relict
upon the corner of Main hnd Broad Street,
it land mark for the traveller, and an object
o( Veneration to the young, who have heard
their graytdaines speak with brightened
eyes of cotillos parties and !ea-fights which
happened wvithin its walls, when they were
young. Many are the sage naitrons of the
District, now surrounded by a smiling bevy
of the rising generation, who can diate to
sounreassenbly in the old house the first
pang inflicted by Vulcan's boy. Manyure
tho rosey-cheeked old fogies, who with
mysterious winks talk of games at "old
sledge " and " bluf " in those same premi
ses, when such were the fashionable past
times; but that was long, long'ago, this is a
more moral age. (?) Somne too, they are of
the cross-grained order who grumblingly
tell of fearful combats on a long summer
night, with voracious ch s, oh terri
ble ! But these must be numbered among
the things that were and old oracles nust
find some other object on which to found
their tales of what once was done, for the
" Sunter House," the pride and boast of
the earlier settlers of Sumuterville, has beens
doomed to give place to tho demands of
the day and in its place, ere nany months
pass by, thefarmer will find a mart at which
he may exchange the fruits of his industry
w'r the fabrics of the world. With this vo.
erab!e pile too is closed the only bar-room
bf the town, and we leave to the curious,
the solhtion of the followiti fuery, prno
zotundid by an irrlnisitive individual.-..
" WVhe0 is the ind with the specks to
get his sweetcneid ones V'
Fint:art AND PL.ANTER.-We find
uput ciu' table tile January uninber of
this useful and highly interesting ptib
lication. The Fariner amid Platter is
publ ihed mioithly at Pendleton C. 1I.,
and f'rua the numuaber and select r.a.
uru of its contents, we hesitate not to
recommend it to every. fairmier in the
country. WVe slhall take the oppottu.
laity, at some future day,' to autke
some useful extracts for our readers.
''uu SOUTHERN .A GIeCLTUICIsT.
We are also in r A -pt !.ihadJanutiry
"fuliriber of' t~bll'Journdl. Like the~
above it is devoted to a subieet of
growig inateirest to our poplei , and its
table of conltenits o'li'rs maniy tiiipting'
iiiducemnats to thle Southern tfamer
Th'le Suth ought to encourage tall
works of this kind. -t he teriis of both
of' thlese~ ft pblicationis za e oric dcoihari in
adv.ane i. sinagle copy fori thea yeaar.
To Clubs iea.ourable deductions5 are
We return oura lthaiks to sutine liriend
for a copy of Gena. CaXs's' spenchi iin thae
Cliyton, hlulwer T.lreaty. Arid also
for' a copy' of lhimtl Yi.:AOno's Ad
d ress before thle Call iiopelan :iad Poly.
technic Societies of thre Citadel Acacde
miy of' Chairlestoni, S. . 'This acdress
is a' a oun I aluni p a t ecal arguiina nt
in favor of due su boid intation in our
acuadermies andl colleges, iird we hope
will have a whaole'somae effect, upon the
yong genitlemuen for~ whom it wzas prne
1latckwo'cod and the Noith IirUitishi
Review, ar'e both on our' table, but
thef~ require mio.-e notice than out
timerc anid space will allow this week.
We will .ttenda to thieira cla ims in onr
of Life in New Or'Ieneus.
A iire biroke out on the Levee ini
New Ojrleans ona last Statuicday morn
ing, wichI proved awfully destrucitive
of' life arid pr'operty.'-'
It oi'iginiated ina thle stemaaner Charailes
lLflieh', anid sp read to thle steaumers
Natche, Leaha Tunmia, Mohigian, Saxon1
G r'and Turk, and ot her..
All the abo~ve liarned steamers5, to.
getheri waitha a barge, were burnt to
the water's edge.
An iiniuenise 'amount of' produce
lying on the whaar'es was destroyed,
togethri''rwitla ualh the f''eigbh, on board
the bcoats burnat.
The untire loss of propert'y .is es.
tinat ed at oniez milIlion of' dollhark.
Tlhae steamer Sultana, with Mad.
Soritag on board, took fir'e, but it v~ an
f'ortunmaily extiniguishedprnith -but lit.
The loss of' lifc is thie most lamtent.
iable portion of' this sad calamritv.
Vave white persons, and thirty.twc
negroes, lave eithaer been devoured in
thae flames or been drowned.
One of' the fire engines, in the graeat
conf'usionr occasionedl, was pushied in
the river. T1h~e flameis are iiot extin.
This f'ollowainig so suddenly the ea
tastrophea of' the Georgia, only acdds tc
the~ afilictiori that event occlhsioned.
A newa postoafl ice hats been 'establish.
edlin D~a'r'linigtcn District, at tire resi.
dlence of'Capt. J. Tirwaxc, to he called
To tilp Wo oie of Ctaroliau.
We clip; fronal the arjeston Standard,
the fol t"ring sitfrir peaI to the woman
of Carohina. Our g ha neglected, aye,
rifused ;t move i 8 noble object, and
by lea ig ardln mdlrnrjaiy -has brought
upon .t the shame anal derision of all parts
of our country. The Statesman, whon a,
nation shoultd hare been, and tperhaps % on d
be proud to honors tit that she thinks, it
right that, the lani aid home of his birth
and boyhood--the' edple for whom he es.
pecially' lived acid died, should have the
distinguished prvidle of paying the first
homage to hais tflge3nory-this man, South
Carolina has trAdt d (vith worse than silent
neglect ; and wre glad and proud to see
that the daughters of Carolina are about
to wipe off' thq in her sons have left
upon her namne. "Ve wish them success
and hope that tb Edieof Sunter will do
"There has aontly been formed an
association, to W h we would call your
attention, and ie k for it your earn -at
synapathy and Ipuary upport. A hody of
ladies have osgatized themseelves into a so
ciety, for the p Of aiding 'The Cal.
houn MAonuim talion" i4 collect
ing a som su etent to build up It lasting
testiaonial to the tettory of our own Cal
- Each daughter of the State, by subscri
bing her name and oue dollar, is entitled
to rhe priv-lege of enlisting herself amone
this patriotic sisterhood.
Now we carnostlycall upon the daught
era of Carolina, zealously to embrace the
opportunity afforded them of proving their
patriotism ; and-thus wipe nll'the oull stat
of ingratitude, with whicb as a State we
are e dishonored , and reproached. But it
has been, and may again be said, we buit
no maonument to Sumter and Marion -
why then bild one tf Calhonn Ia no
syvste'm of logic do two wrongs iake a
right. Shall the thief say, I atole yester
day, therefore it is right fir te to steal
to day i
Shall we otiit decds of charity this year,
because we were blind to our duty the
last ? Ot no ! let the god deeds of the
prescit cancel, in ame nieasure, the ouaizs
sioats of the past.
In t Io nale of patrotismt, in the name
of justice and gratitude, we call upon the
women of Carolina- to caoe forwards a id
geierously aid in this praise-worthy cause.
Never let it be sad of thetm that, cold and
tngrateful. Iheir hearts reinsed to ac
kitowledge the claim, and their bainls to
bestow a lttle tito upon this just and war
For our own sakes, let us not sutler
Calhoun to fat op any longer beneath the
lowly totmb that znw covers him, a tomb
ar flrom being .ommtensurate with our
gratitude tt his worth.
Let us not rpf 'se to honor him, who for
So mtany long yeas honured us ; who fight
mng manfully our battles, perished ini the
m.dst of the weary 'conflict, with his al
mour on. -. at
Let not our glourioris "1 Southern cross"
fade out of the sky, and we raise no memo
rial to tell of the departed glory, that re
splendent in beauty, tracked our tirma
ment with luatrmui light.
Let the woaness e: Carolina rally in this
cause, and rmi-tj. success, we shall see
gleam g mibn - tnoriabstone of a
. **.nh . h in marTh~ ma
Jesty, it will ye R-a eloquently oh a peo
ple's hve ; atnd 'ae ytothters of Carolmea
gathering at its h;.e. andi ptroudly poitm ii
t heir suits to the htanaered anamte or Caihour,
shallI bid. themr learn a lessona of Thrtht,
Justice and Virtue. - . C.
Under this captioan the Carolinian con
taians the following~ caution to those int
char.!c of th Wt ~ ilmnington anid Manuichtes
ter Rait Road :
"A fewv weeks since we htad occasiona
to totice a comiplamat ot sainte piassenigers
what travelled over the Witercetrestle
wokay the iimintgaon anid Mant
thst rerirad, relative toi the rate oft
stpead at widcht the trcuais c:tnne over thait
adagarous superstuture. Again~t atre
copait mad us, andi we teel at oair
duyaanto tiler a warninag to thoise it
chairge of that radd, anal to protest agaitnst
thtese trnainst bejnig drivent at a reek less
spteedl aver a treele knouwn to be danger
A conununataity wilt ntot ho.ld tose con
cerned gibiless shlda tany matis fortuneit
htsppean. Th'ley have heena warned noiw
the riecondl ticane, and we d.o truist th-it thtose
ini authority will- see tthai these wantnings
are noit miade kina. Better loose a miail
thtan a dozent or' two lives."
We kntow not whtethier this rebuke is
meraited or, whether the reports that
have gone abroad are exaggerated accounts
of' the' rate of ar avelont this road]. rThe (Vil
mtinagtoni andli Manchtester road is ai new onte,
just abiout being comnpletedl atal such't re
ports would tentd to inijure it. Thea Comi
puany have a brigt proispect ahead o:
thenm andh it would be a pit)' to ntip it~i uthlc
state for inftormnation, that this road is non~
doig at excellenat busintess. A great den
of travel is adone over it; on several occa.
sions of late, there- htave been more per.
son s to comto than could be acceanmmaodatei
andl thecy have hail to he left. We sup
poseO that the demand for amore accommaao.
dationa, htas boon, or will very sonita he pro
vidled for, aind ten, they may exptect maore
travel thtaui any road Sotuth.
8:No maii a Dtsc.osenc.-A biov named
Edawardl Reese, thtirteena years old, was do,
tealted picking d poacket at Piilidelphia la~s
Mlondany. lie states that somie teat air
dhazent hays, rantgingdromt twelve to tweata
ytears of age, ara banded toagethlen for th<c
puirpose af pickinig poc-kets and piterina
wheoreger an pjportunity occuirs. Th'l
bantd is regulaily organaized, htavinag a haay
called "Straine ' as a leader, anda anthtler,
known as "aig Chuckles," whot aicts to
depauty int the absence of thte captaina. Tlit
field of operationa extenad from washtitng.
tn to New Yqrk, andl the plain of actita
is varied to sut circumastances-. Trhe ol.
er boys, antd leaders of te gantg, are ostent
sibly entgaged in selling pertodicals ania
chteap publications, anda they genaerall~y act
as the receiverA of then plunmder obitainetd
by thte smaaller'hoys. The yoaugsters be.
long principally to New York antd Bazlti.
matre.--Chaelestona Erenaing Ners.
A di~idend of six po-ericant. ot, 01
the profits of the last hialtyear han
been declared by the commttercial Bankh
of Wilmrington, N. C., besides nppajro
printingvto per ccent. to the conttinget
Our readers will find interesting, the
subjoined account of the late desiruction
of the ball cartridge factory on LongIOJZs
land, which we copy from the New York
Totaal Destruuction of Frecla%
Hali Cartridge Factory.
About two o'clock yesterday afternoon
the building occupied as a factory for the
making of ball cartridges at Lower Rav
enswood, Long Island, blew up avith an
explosion that sjhook the houses in the
neighborhood for two miles around, and
breaking the windows of all those build.
ings which were within rix huiired or
eight hundred feet of the place. It was
rented by Mr. French, who, together with
his son, are generally engaged In the
building. but being at the moment other.
wise occupied, happily escaped serious In.
jury, though Mr. French, sent. is suffler.
ing severely from contusions.
The number of persons employed is
generally about thirty, being fir the most
part girls of the ages of ten to eighteen;
lit some men and youths also find work in
the factory. The enact number of lives
lost is now not known, for, bcing the af.
fernoon of Saturday, a greater or less
number than usual might. have been there,
accordimg to circumstances.
Our reprrter was on the spot half an
hour after it occurred, and the sight of
such a sickening scene he hopes to be
spired again. The situ of the building and
the surrounding lots were covered with
the debris of the building, Iium:m limubs,
and fragments of machinery. We saw a
man draw from the mass te head of a lit
tle girl which he knew was that of his
I;aighter by a bit of ribbon fastened to
her hair; but any other portion of the
boily lie would never find, or if he found it
lie would never be able to say it was the
body of his child.
The precise cause of the explosion no
one remains to explain. it is known, how.
ever, that the stave used for warming the
building was red lint, the day being very
cold; and froim the highly coibustibile ma.
terials which were used im close proximsiity
to it it may readily be accounted for by
supposing soic particle ignited on the
iloor, and coinnunicatig with th articles
in aroiuus tages of preparation. caused
WVithii a low feet of the huilding is a
fireprouf cell, in whici is stared large quan
lities of po.wder; and this being w.thn the
scope of the simoke and lin of the burn
ing ruins, no oine was wdhug to hazard an
approach to attempt to rescuo the siladr
crs from the ruins for some time after the
explosion took place.
The shock o casionnel by the explosion
was Iramndous. and was sensiblv felt at
a distance of six or eight miles; and du
ring yesterday afterinon a report. was
current in WVil:i mmistburg und rr.okivu that
an eartlinake had taken place somewhere
upon the isiand.
ThIe scene at liavenswood beggars de.
seripteon. The bmrdoug occupiel by alr.
Prench for the in.mnnlacture of French's
rifle cartridges was a one story wood bol
drmg, twenty by twenty-five feet square,
which was blown into Irugmnents, and not
a single stick could be found that a child
could not lift.
It is pupposed that there was about
twenty persons in the building, ani but
three were known to have been taken
It is daid -that the fire:ogiginated in the
.northeast cornor of' the budtdinu. in .the
stove, buit from what cause is unknown,
There wer.e over 50),000 ball cartridges
made up in the building, besides a cons:d
erable qJuantity of puowder. Thse' cart rid..es
nearly all exploded, andii the balls were
thrown in every direction; but providen-.
tially nio person ouit of the builing was
seriously injured. One of the ballIs ps
sod through a pane of glass into the libra
ry rn of Air. liodine, a distanice of oine
eigth I of a inuhe, and shattered the ch-ind
TIhe dlwelling houses within a circuit of
a umile were miire or less injured, ha~vinin
the glass eiitirely broken out., and in sevy.
eral inistanmces ithe walls~ were drinaged.
Mr. F'reinchI's houise, whIiichI is about thmir
ty rods Iron the faicto ry, was very mutch
Idamnaged; the w inidowvs and a port ion of) lie
Ifn uniiure having bueen destired, anid ia
secondii story frn rerom was the only one
which the family could occupy last night.
At lie t imne of the accident Mr. French
was engamged at work in a smarll buiild
ing sume titteen rodi dis.tanit, aid inarrowvly
e->caped wvith his life. A furnace near wher~e
lie was standiing was broken' to pieces,
anid Ihis hat. carriedl away and could( not
be foiunid; lie also received several slight.
bro ises about ie faice and bodly troum is
siles, which were buriedI in all directionis.
We were iniformied by Mr. French that
one of Ihis boys, a few days sinice, in empiltv
ing out somesi kegs of piuwduer, discovered
two nimteci.es, inmch had beeui parcked tip
Their peoplie of the village censure Mr.
French severely fur not.emiploy tmg a great
er degree o) cauttion in hik dangerous man
ufarctory, and (especial ly for not appoiinting
a judicious atnd ex.'perieiced supe)riniteid.
eut over is juvenile workmiien, imiany of
whomr were ol tender years, sone of thsem
tbeing i uder t welve, and only two orn
three adults amilong them, if we'are rightlhy
liinmd. SeveralI of the I rishi resideiits of
the place !eerimt, shortly alter the occur
Ireiite, (lpuite rtitrius oni thle su bject, aind
one was heard to threat en to "strm ig tip"'
Mr. F. P'erhuaps, in contsequtenice of these
threrats, that gent lemnini, with hiIis fanii
ly, have left the place terhporarily.,
Some idea of the tremtenus force of
tihe explosiointay be cinceivedi when we
say thiat every dweiling house in the no
meid inte neighborhood was shaken abnoiilst
to their founrdat ions. Rev. Mrlr. WVaite. re
Epiiscoparl clergyman, having a pastoral
chatrge in the phire. and resithnig near the
mianuniactory, was forced to remove with
his mniily to a neigihbor's house, some
dhistanuce oil, to obtain shrelter from the in.
elemetnt weather, every wmndow in his
own dwelling being blown completely
out. All the dwellings in the viciiiy wer'e
in the saiie state. Cur.ously enough, a
stage happened to lie paissintg at. the time
of the explosion, and thre cncussionr w~as
5o greait that the gurisses in the wiindows on
one side wr htedio a tos
Isand piees. atrd los
WVe irre tolId hiad the mnaivazinie, wvhich
wais Bit uted a short distance fromi the
main btuldiing, became ignited, the 'onse-.
quienmce woumld hiave been still imore disas
trotus. T1hie magazine contained between
two and three tonis of powdelr.
SAD AcciEnTa.--We regret. to lean the
- tp F'reight Train of thme Greenville arnd
Cohmunhia railroad was thirowni frori the
track on Tnesday', thme Blut tit., amid Mr.
Allen, the Engineer, in attempting to
jrmnp froim thme locomotive, was imnedurte
ly crushed to death.
(ircen te m oe inn cr..
From the New York Herald.
Vuccisation--is it al Preve:ata
tive of Smaall Pox ? -
We publish for the benefit of our
Readers, the subjoined article, by Dr.
E. 11. I)ixos. .It is upon a subject 6f
peculiar interest to our community
just at this tine, and we hope our
readers will profit by the advice it con.
To TiE EDITOR( oF TEE IIERALD.-II
answer to the repeated requests of a
public exposition of my opinions with
regard to the preventative power of
vaccination, and how I ancoutut thr the
present extensive prevuleice of tla
small pox, I reply,
1st. That vaccination is unquestion
ably a very powerful preventative is
shown unanswerably fromjttthe fhet that
history proves that, the morta lity, hav
ing formerly bee :9 frightful as to
sweep off im-oire ti halfl of all per
sons exposed, has been sg fhr reduced
by vaccination, when even imuperfectly
or very carelessly performed, as not to
exceed ive per cent., mid that this
small proportion is still further re
duced, even in those who are seeming
ly not suscepLtible to full and satisfiet
2d. Are there any persons to whom
the vaccine vesicle cannot be conuiun.
icated? and if so, are those persons lia
ble to small pox? It has been subposed
that those pacrsons who are inoculated,
i. e. with the virus or, lympth of the
small pox, taken in the natural way,
(a process since the discovery of cow
pox, forbidden by law) as well as those
who have once had the disease, were
not liable to a second attack. This
is certainly incorrect. I have, within a
fortnight past, suceeeded in producing
two very perfect vaccine vesicles in
two persons iuch pitted fi-orm a Natu
ral and severe attack several years
si:ee. TIy were both servants in
the flunilies of two of my patients; and
what is singular. they were the only
two fill and complete vesicles, having
alI the proper characteristics as in the
vaccination of the influit, atinon'tgst sev
etiteei persons, the united number
of the two liunihies. Several of these
vesieles however, presented such mark
ed characteristics as to assure ie the
parties were liable to greater or lesser
degrees ofsmall pox or to varioloid, as
we call it; and sevei al were entirely
usnsiept i lle. the vesicles not showing
itself; in these it was supposed the
omtoer or infttine vaccinatiun had
protected them. This however, ealn
oinly be-ftlly proved by again vaccin
ating them, as it is impossible to say
but some hidden cause, not ascertaintia.
blesin any other way., iiight have pre.
vented tiie virus iron showing the dis
3d. How d., I account for its un.
usual prevalence this year?
I answer, there is undoubtedly an
atmospheric predisposition- existing at
them one witil' another, are-as wrell
protected this yeur as the last. -Smtall
pox existed I -st year, and does nmore
or- less every year, to an extent suf.
hicientt to spread all over the city. The
thet is it will in a year spread as ex
tensively from six cases as from sixty;
and will manage to catchk an imn:nens
majority of those whoii are not pr
teeted. .Now this season, small pox is
vastly more pr-eval- itt than it has
lie,, within forty year-s; indeed, it is
so much mnore so, that we have no
rational cause5 left than atmuospheric
predispoisition, fori its grecat, inci-ease.
The only safe method iln this disease
is to vacinate the sanme persotn several
titmes, or- as long as the sote is pirodu.
eedl, with the distinctive chat-actor of
the vaccine vesiele oi- cow ptox.
The proot of the genuiness oif the
resiele is this, viz: otn thme eightht day
fr-omt the inasertie n of the miatter,
(which p'rocess should never drawv n
drop ofi blood for nor-e woumld wash it
awvay,) the sore sho..uld pt-eseht tl.e
tollowving aippeitannee: An oval centre
of a browivimsh color-, a fight ci rcle'of
pearly vesielen, contaiing the lymph,
or speedihematter-, and a rose colot-ed
bilushieten ding fronm the outer circle
of this pearly bor-der- all ar-ound it,
and fad ing imntperceptibly intto thet sur
irounding' skin. Unless it presents
more or~ less of this appearance, it is
ouly a coininnon sLIre, antd in niowise
pirotective. Julst in pr-opotion as it
app~fiomches t he above aipp~eaiance it is
perfLet. I consider- two or thret-e trials
with good reliable lymtpht oni thte qutill,
takent h-om the sixth to the ninmh day,
and inisertedl witho ut drawving a full
dropi of bloiod, suticien t.---l f it do not
take I consider thatt person sufficiently
pr-otected- by thle formiter vaccination.
I would cert ainly, however, revtcciinate
every few years. In the eleventh ntun
ber af thte 8ecapel there is a popular
article ott this subject, to which we re
let- all readers desirous ofinvestiga ting
the few known facts in the historyo
the disease. ~o
Respectfully, your obedient ser'vant.
EDWAR D H. D)IXON,
Editor of the Seapel, 42 [Ftfth avenue.
Tfo TAX CoLLFcToRs.-Tle Act of thei
l egmslatutre rotating to the Registry of
IBirthis. Deoaths and Marriages. requires
the PTx Col lectors to receive returns when
the taixes are paid. \Ve are requested to
give notice that the books anid scheduloe
will be forwarded to the Trax Collectors
when~m the Acts areo distributedl, ats the ap
pimittento ot.Registars has just been made,
andl it is their dutly to have such bhooks pre
pared. This will enaible tf~e Registry to
be conuneonced on 1st March.
Editors interested ini the Rcsistry wiill
please copy this not11ice.- Carolinian,
DRowNED.--OnI Fridaye evening last,
Stephen Rtamwaters and a Mr. WVilianms
started fronm this place wvith, a Raft of Lumu
baer- for Geoorgdtown. Somtim~ine diurinig
that night te ra ft tvas stove and Rainwa
teadowid Wi hi.i cscapiing aahiore
Fbr the arner. -
To Dr. J. Bs WVigtEersppo.
RESJ'ECTED Sir: :--laving hald the hap
piness of being Jong and intimnately cngni
sant of your great mnoral worth, and unob
trusive and gentlemanly demeanoir as a
private citizen, your friends in Claremont
Coutty repe, trully regntest your consent
to allow them to annoncre you as a candi-.
date for Senator, to represent them during
the ensuing term.
Your well established repntation renters
it superfluous to ay aught of your entire
fitness for the station it 'it our desirV you
A FRIEND TO MeRIT.
if" Walchrmau please copy
Mn. EiTia: You will oblige many
ciZiz-ns by announcing Col. J. 1). BLAND.
ING as a candidate for Representative for' r'
Clarmnont County, at the next seisiodb if
Feb. 6, 1854 , - 15 tf
E-"r' Watchman please copy.
Mn. EDIToI : Please announce Co
M. NELSON as a candidate for Senator for
Claremont County, at the ensuing election,,
and oblige MANY VOTER.
February 8th, 1854 15 tf -
u- Watchman please .copy.
For the Banner.
Well Done 1 Old Sumter t
Our citizens hive been for years the
victims of the vile practices of a set of un
principled Hucksters and Nogfo Trailick
ers, in the shape of Shop and Store- keepers,
who in deliance of :.ll law,'and rmoral re
sponsibility. have been dealing out poison
otis intoxicating liquors to our inoffensive
and well-behaved slave population.
Not content with destroying the physi
cal constitution of the pour negro, they
subvert his moral susceptibilities and de
grade him to a level witn themselves ;
goading him on to plunder the kind and in
dulgent owner of every species of properryr
and become the ready receivers of thet:
\Vrithing 'under these un.Ieserved and
intolerable abuse, our village and country
friends have arisen en masse, Hammer and
longs in hand, determined to make ti.ese
gentry " define their position" or, by
rasping the scales from their oblique moor
al vission, and hammering their mnetal t o
such a degree offineness as to make the in
calpable or receiving that beautiful polish,
imparted by the barnisher of fair dealing
and legTiiimae inducstry..
Wlen such tnen as the W1 rLDEnS, IIA.
METs, WITHERPOONs, DiG LE S,. I'AN5,
IIAyNswoRTits, IR tCIAaDsoNs, and- a hout
of other ieigh-ninded citizens undergo the.
fatigues of seven days and nights arduous
and incessant vigilance, our friends at ;;
distance will readily perceive that we hav
But fellowv citizens
in motion, roll on, there ia a -odd i
comning,. Panrsnveranice will moust certainly
accomplish your honorahile inteuft ions.
Slave Plolaa Kenmtuck$'.
We find the followinig ini neo *or
. We le'arni from the Louisville Cours
icr, that Ihenry County, K~y., has re.
eently been the scene of co:nsidgratble
excitemenet arising from the disco~v,
ery ttf a plot of' somne slaves to mutr
der a family beenti.e they thought one
of' their niutmber had beeni sold, and
make their esenpe to Cnadta. The
fatmuily whi ch it. was proposed to mura
der was named Ilorndcon. One of.
the ser'vants, suspectinig that his mias
te had taken -another off to sell him,
told his views to several others, anid it
was agreed to throw a stone in at the
window and kill a little boya
. The lady of the htotuse, it was ex
pected, woculd be a'larmied and run
(t, and then she wtas to lbe murder-,
ca. This dahe, the negroes were to
divide, one party to flee at once to~
Oiada, and the others to remain until'
the return of' their mna'ter, who was
to he killed, and the money wahich lie
was supposed to have receivedl for
the servant he had takeni with him, to
he appiropriated to their use. This
scheme was carriecd out so far as*
to throw tite stonie through the win.
dow, but the boy at whom it w~as
dii'eeted escaped, and the heas ts of
the conspitatuors fa iled. The neigh
bors coming in and~ emnquiring about
the stone, which hatd been thrown,
the negroes talked so as .to ,r'aw
suspicion upon themrselves, and be- ,
ing stopped confessed the plot, iun-'
plicating a large numnbe, of' neg oes
and oneo whlite main. Several of the
slaves concerned have been sold. *
Tnrs NEUTnALITY OF SwEDEFN AftD
DENaARK-Some tdoubts having been
expressed as to the conduct the .north
ern courts of Sweden aitd D~enmark mbay
think proper to adotpt in the event of aii
extensioni of the hiostilitsee which, have
commenced on the Jpagube and .the
lacek Sea, thiese powers have recently
determined to establish a strict -union of .
their policy, and a formal declaraition of
their itntentions ha~s just been adldressed
by their ministers, in identical termns, to
all tho cabinets of Eurupo. WVhatever
rmay be the result of the diferences which
have occurred betwteen lRussia and Tur
key', and wvljieh thrt'atens to extenid to the
miaritrimo powers, Swedlen and Denmairk
are desirous of maiita'iing their frienidly
relationis wvith all the Stattei now at amity
with them, antd,.accotrdmig!y, they propose
ti) oblservo in the conitest wvhichtui mayw
be imicinting over the wori a stroct neu.
trali:.-, by abstammiti from every d.re'ct or
indiree't measuire calculatetd to favor or as
sist either of thet ctntend~ng part'.--a-.
I ,Anos Ft~oolt'Or lt; nos.--Theo hrgce't
fltick oif wvid Pigetits wve nve r sawv pains' di
oiver this place on l'ueted y' mnramntg l'st.
We0 shiouiil supeose theure were f'rom 4 to -
5000 in the flock. going i n iso'tlienstcr y
ir u~ie n--- Ltw J udd
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