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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, February 08, 1854, Image 7

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of the man.
I came now lastly to th e considera
tion of slavery, a. essential to a Re.
public. Mr. Calhoun in his sublime
disquisition upon Government, fully
exposes that monstrous fatllaey of
modern times, " all people are enti.
tied to liberty." Akin to this, is the
error that Republicanism the most
elaborate and diflicult of all system',
is not < ly suited to all people, but
that it can at once qualify ignorance
and incom petence-or the duties and
responsibilties of self Govertment.
Moreover the Republican idea reqnir
es that all should participate equally
in a political right.
To assert the contrary is to defy all
the popular maxims on the subject.
And, if tI"re is one fact cmphatically
illustrated, in the history of repub
lics, it is thats they cannot prosper
where political equality dies not cx
ist,in short, where some such system
as African slaverv is unknown.
By the operation of immutable
laws, which neither the violence of rev
olution, nor the efiirts of reform, can
effect, society everywhere, is split into
the extreme divisions of wealth and
leisure-poverty and dependence. The
progress of civilization does not oblite.
rate these I ines, but tends ratther to in
tensify and perpetuate thern. The life of
this latter is of necessity menial, and
in communities where they do not
fadl under the care of a superior
race, they constitute that turbulent,
corrupt, pauper host which loons in
such fearful dam kness over European
society. I such a class fit. for self
government? Can they exercise safely
the rights, or fulfil the dut es of citi
zens of a republic? Are they not the
rcaiy tools of the anarchist and the
demagogue? Yet it is this class which
modern utopianism invests with full
political rights. To debar them of
the pt iiileges of the citizen, is to ar
ray against society, a jealous and
violent mass, and to admit them is
to subject government to their radical
ard corrupt influence. Between this
bitter alternative, must every repub
lic choose where the inferiority of
race is not tecogniscd. The institution
of African slavery relieves society of
this alternative. Ilere government is
entrusted to the superior division, the
white race, and in the mutual depen
dence of wealth and poverty, leisure
and toil, the inferior upon the superior
race, it eijoy's entire inmmnity from
that stern natagonism which. elsewhere
engulfs it. Here is no pauper class
.armed with political power, and urged
.on by terrible passions, against prop.
.erty and the peace of the commnon
-wealth. -ere the citizen, whether
-rich or poor, feels himself a superior.
Here the mind of the laboring poor,
our slaves, is not soured by torment
ing dreams, nor the heart of the rich
mhan tutored into cruelty and oppres
sion. But contentment and loyalty
-exemplify the life of the dependent,
while in the master is fostered that
high and stubborn loive of liberty, of
which tihe grat Enhglishman wrote.
These observations apply, in some
degr-ee, to all governments. But it is
in a republic especial ly, .were laws
and order depend for presierva:tionl upon
public virtue aind opinion, thait slave
ry is the coraner stonec of .saf'ety.
If, gentlemen, we appeal to history
for the vindicatioan oft' s theory, it.
will he found ample andl uiiversal.
The Greeks, as they are the models in
literature and aalt, so in the phi losophly
of gover'nment they comani:a~ad the
.decpest study. And there is no feat
-nlre of their policy more strikinag than
this under considearation .-Cit izen
-ship and its cognate righats were en
jo~yed by a very small portion of the
people, as in this State it is enjoyed by
less than one-half its population. It was
among the A thenians, confined by the
constitutioni of Solon, to the fiaur pa'am
itive Ionic tribes, and though subse
quently enlarged by Cleisthieunes anid
Perieles, so as to admait, thle whole
body of, native freemen, yet the gr-eat
mass always remaianed in exclusion, a-;
much so as ourii slaves. The equaality of'
Greek liberty was the equality of' her
free citizens. A., before stated, there
were in A&thens but 20,000 v.oting citi
sens, to 370,00)0 slaves. Yet with
this, startling dis-pua'it~y of physical
force, thero existed to the end of' the
Republ ie, a haarmoany almost unin ter
ruipted. Iia peace, tile slave was the
contented husbaandman and domes
tie, aand in the storms of battl' lie
shared thei perils and fortunes of his
master. The subsequent ruin which
s aept over her institutions, camoe froam
another source. I a the tu a.u ls and
caprices of an unrepr'esentativa .dom
oei'aoy, and beaneath- the blows of
l'ron handed barbarianus, the Iibter'ties
and? polity of A thins sunk to the grave.
Slavery arnd lie distinction which
attached to citizenship, gave to the
Greek mind leisure and taste for that
public eduacation which expanded into
-such grand outline and bea~ut y. They
invested his nature with that heroie
spIrit which defied and conquered the
PersIan host, They in a vor'd, cona
tributed to make him that pioutie and
free-soialed thing which has w~on the
love of afler times,
When we come dow'~n to the Romian
Republios we againi finad slaver'y
elevatiing the character of the citizen,
and protecting Gover-nm nt from the
taint of Radicalism. So we see, in the
Republics of modern Italy, a full par
ticipation in the rights of citizenshi p
was denied to the inenial class. But,
the relation of' n~aster and slave not
* being recognized, socIal order and lib
erty wero overt'hrown by the antagoan
* m~ of'snations. The last eflart for
Republican government in Germaniy
was sIgnalized by thue abolition (If
paredial hondage, and it died in its
very birth. But the most str'iking in
stances In modern fiimes, of'the esseni
tianit of .la-... to R-epuiar
France and the Northern States of
this Uiiion.
France in the phrenzy for popular
freedom, abolished villianage, and pra.
elaimed liberty and equality to all. 'he
shouts of her fierce democracy were
heard all over Europe. lBut soon'came
the r."tribution. Ha.licalism, outrage
and civil discord maddened the na
Lions, dnd invited the plunderer. And
after a few paroxysms of frecdotn
the first French 1 Iepublic sank pow.
erless and willing into the arms of.
a miljtary despot.
A half' century went by, and again
the falbourgs of Paris, re-echo with
cries Of a Republic. The King in
mean disguise flies from his palace
and tegs lroteeLli in the dominions
of his ancient foe. Propagandists
shouts hoisaniinas, bonfire illuninations,
and the momths of ennnon herald to
the world the glories af the New Re
public. Again is liberty and equality
the watchword of milliois. Citizen
ship is thrown open to all, and univer
sal suffrage is est'ablished as the pre
rogative of a free people. Watch the
catastrophe. The nephew aspires to
the throne of the uncle-he appeals to
the votes of new lorl freemen. They
approach the I allot box for the
first time. Suirely, wo exelaim, this
people will not sustain the usurper.
The polls are closed-the votes countL
ed, and by a majority of millions Lou
is Napoleon is vwas/cr of Frane! Here
is a iople, cultivated, refined and
brave; yet by the levelling of political
distinction., and infusing into Gov
ciiment the influence of the Innial
class, with olie hand dashing to
the dust, a mild dynasty, and with
the other, erecting a limitless mili
tary despotism.
'turn now to this continent. Eln
couraged by the example of the United
St'ates, repblies spring up in vigorous
promise, on the shores of South Ameri.
ca. Slavery is abolished, and citizen
ship laid open to all, settler, natives,
and half- breeds, alike. What is the
result ? Radicalism, anarchy, and ty.
ranny. The same policy has convuls
ed Mexico, with incessalt revolution
and usurpiations, and prostrated every
efl'rt for orgaiized liber v. And in
Central America, Manual ]"errera, the
half breed d ,spot, noiw wields the
sceptre, which he won, at the head of
his hidian f'-llow citizens. Ii all is the
lesson taught that wherever the (le
mncot ofh-lavery does iot exist, and it
has been attempted to confer political
elualitv upon all classes, we fint] a
secion of society, where history has
always placed them, in dange ous fel
low'ip %lith the demagoigiie and
I have. gentle ien, in a former por.
tion of this address, made allusion to
the downwar d tendencies of fepubli
eanismn at the No~rthi.
You have now this soItion, in the
efective. vet lauded system of public
educati n seconded by a licentious
Press; and more than all, in the want
of the balance of slave institutions.
The presenit social condition (If the
North is ini leed a sad spectacle. WVith
all the deep wronilg thle souIih has soirl
ei'ed at, its hands, and tihe incessant and
cowairdlyv wal' it, is waginig upon01 our
inst ituIons0, there is 'i enough ini the flt ue
(If t hat people to make thle hea rt' f lie
triu e nium bleed with i ity. Bold, sa
gacioulis and en terpiing. lie soins of
the North are the piIoneeris of pl ogress,
d iscovery andi~ aisliitionl, al over thei
the snows of' thle Sierr'a Nevada, and
pliied th le goldeii hariver~t of' a di f ir
nia. Far tY iin the ishes (If the Il'a
cific thev lix their irestless hatbitationis
amid gind to) p Iwd~er the feble pos1.
sessors'. Thelir1 sail gi' ste un tider
e very suni, and thiri keels distuorb the
sea king in his realhns. T1heiri arts
aiid hanidiwor'k defy co m':'uic:; iln
ever'y mart, and w hithiersolever t hey
go, they imupress their pCoeliarities,
and erect their emire-i~'L But whati oIf
thieiri homes and social pr.neiples ? -
W'Vhat oI fthiir IpriospIects of a matuLre
anid exalte'd civil izaLtion '? \\'boi does
not see that this prosper'it y is the un
timely flushb (If the finhit. whose corie is
wormii-eaite! ? The kniel Io(f a peopleI's
downiifhi is heard Ilong before it toters,
mrinitfitlly and lit fidly, Ilke thie sigh
forest. Alnd it onily' leals ibrth when
aniarchy ~ an d rini ha:ve don~le thir iwor~lk.
The imia'sss of thle Nort h hiav e i 4nored
history, and laughedl to sede the
dr'ead warn'iings it uitt ers. No extra
vagatli(e, I!owe vet w i d, dattn ts thlii i;
bit Lright i'nw~ardl t hey diash, tramlding
iidr fooIt Lall that is veineirablo, and
ur.itingl in the st roing driiik (of novel ties
atnd ism',s. IT'I eperan cc refbfrm., ablo.
6FoIr a chiarmi of am polwer fiit troul,
See how thleir socni faubric sways,
arid tremiables; how r''ligion'i is posliie
edl with. atheism anid pantiheism, ho(w
lhiru political sy stein totters oni
he brinuk ( f n~ pur demiocracy --that
worst frlm (If tyranny--how womanii~i,
deispiisinig the holyII iflices oif wif'e anid
imo' her, mlarkets hi(er iinodiety, in pub
lie brawl' s; ho w logishit io n is reek less
alinI corrupi[t, and its hll~ s arIe piohitedI
with Iriowdyisml ahlnust ,hlIIlhini. in
such ai chaos t hat enurse oIf demtocrai
(ies, the demiaglrlgu'e, is at home--his
nature and en~ds uinchaing'd. Profess.
lug to egl'ltlize, lie levels down wards,
to break old chalinis, lie fo regoes new
onesC-to promIlot e hairm.oiy, lie encge'i
delrs discord, tlo allvance lie retairds, to,
hove the! ' people, ho wolId dupeI and
use~ theim'. Th'fe 11111ud on thed advyo.
cate of hiber'ty, lie w~or'k' 'zealouzsly f'oi'
anarchy, itud whetn at last, the pieopl~e
madly destrIoy thiri aunecit. land-lllmarks
andl confidingly yield to his guida:,ee, be
erects on thte grave of' thiri rights and
peace, a bloody' and retimorseless~ I'.
ranny. Such the demnag'igue, and siuc'h
the fate he, entails hupon those who
tr'ust him i, "ait the last lie hiteth like a
serpet and stingeth like the adder."
eracy, what the courtier is to the Iing,
a shameless, selfidh svcophant, pouring
"leprous distilnent" into the ears of
vanity and lust, and betraying the mae
ter whose bread he eats. Let us be
ware; gentlemen, of the dermagogue at
home. 1is comning betides ruin to
the Republic, and his triumph is corn
plete when liberty, and honor have
descended to the tomb. Against all
such it is the duty of the patriot to
raise his Con-tant voice. To go, like
aged Solon, when the usurper Peisistra.
tus destroyed the liberties of Athens
into the streets and market place, ex
'horting the people to resistance, and
when this failed, lie put on his armor,
and stood before the door of his house
and nobly exclaimed, "I have done my
duty, I have. sustaine d to the best of
may power, my country and the laws:
Ye havo yourselves put force and do
minion into the hands of these rmen, and
ha've thus drawn wretched slhl-ery
upon yourselves."
Such is the position of the North
consequent upon the condition into
which the absence of an inferior race
has brought them. The people cote
rut the politicians, and are in turn
corrupted by them, until society be
comes radical, and government verges
towards anarchy.
Turn, then, to the South. See what
a grand part her i nial class performs
in social and political developtent.
True, their voices are not beard in
drunken shouts in our public meetings
and the galleries of our Legislatures,
cheering on the demagogue. They
cannot exercise the so called freemen's
birth-right, and voto down law, proper.
ty and 1iod, and vote up anarchy, rob
bery and the devil. 'T'hey cannot read
and write, and thus become no wiser,
if no worse. They' are not the blind
instruments of the radical subverter.
They do not lower over society, like
mountain wolves, ready for blood
and destruction. No, gentlemen, the
slave of the South had higher pririre
gcs and dirties than these. Guided
and protected by a superior race, his
great product whitens every quay. and
shelters fron son and snow the reno.
test nati'ns of men. And while thus
lilling the sphere in which God and
reason have plaed them, he engrafts
upon - the superior race, that high
spitit, of conservatisn, which as before
st at ed, is so essenitial to the citizens of
a RIepublic.
This is the distinguishiiig attribute of
the Soiut h. li li e language of Iurke,
" we are not the con(verts of I nusseau;
we are not the dis:iples of Voltaire;
I Ielvet ius hots made no progress among
us. A thei.ts are not our preachers ;
madien are not our law-givers. We
know that re have made no discove
ries ; and we think no discoveries are
to be made 'i morality, nor many it
the great principles of liberty, which
were understood long before we were
born, altogether as well as they will
be after the grave has heaped its mould
upon our presumption, and the silent
tom b sh~ idide inposed its law otn
our pert lognacity.
But, gentlemen, there is another
consrvatsmof which it befits me to
speak. If' the past is to be sacred
againtst reck less iinn )va'tioni. mu ich nm'ore
ai'c the rig1hts~ it hasi' given us, to be
watche-I and defenddd Cherish this
coniiservyatism, :iuid ther le is a career
ini the f'uture. tor the South, the like of'
which the eve of lihe prophet hath neot
seen., nor poet sling. Let not thet
comai ng studenit riad el' us withi nmiingled
se rriow and sourprise, t hat. there once
e~istedl ou this t'outiileiit, a mmighity and
tree people, hirinisheid with all the te
riientA of' a splendid anid lasting civili.
zation. vet for want of a lit tle vig.,ilaiie
and counirape, fanii' ted irthiiiright and
forsook thir 'trulst. Let the liktory
of the Somb hbe cuoteld, n'at as a terre'
anid a vsarningu, bit. ra'ther' let it rise
like siome to wer' ofl rck, h,' cclt upoen
t he dIistant head land, whe loIighit am id
stormii anid f', rsitilgieteftr
wianderer'. ~ ,uietefdu'
Classma~tes-a few year's ngol, ther'e
stood upon a shoi'e, a little biandl of
y'oungi traVeller's just preparing to em
bark. f'ull of holpe, andc bouiiding im-i
pulses. T1hey had slept anid supet
and 'jour'neyed toether~l, anid commiioin
obijects had uni ted thtemr into clie
bitother hood. Thecy were ablout to
par't coimpanyv. each to his own desti
nat in. Theiri sails were set, antd pro
pititous breezes wo'oed th'em toc be gene.
T'hey stood awhile gazing into each
otherls faees, and iin the sir it of the~
occaision, they pledged to mieet gaini,
''n t he spot, of sep tratio n, to ref're'sh
ild ft ienidships, and1( tell ovei' the inci
dlents and forutues of interveingat years.
Classmnat es--This is the spot, this is
lie day, and we are those travellers.
But, they tare nt all here. Some have
ain ted by Ilt'heziodside-seomue ply the 'r
butfletted by rude winids and ('annt
comue, and some hav~e passed away.
Iloek amonig you anud ask for' L.ogan,
whoe left uts wi'th Iiso numly r'egrets, and~
suich high promise; for Roedgvers, so we]ll
esteemet I hy those who knew hin.i; behr
Sparas, the trite hearted and genetrous;
for' Ibiller whon bravely exchiainged the
academiy fr the ditties of' the schflier
and ir thle talented, high-soulled \\'il
hiami Andersiti. W\here are tiev '?
Alh ! I see t here are recol1lectieins
rusing in floods tupo n y on, andi ((oml
mingled wi th t heim are voices w isper'
ing, they tire gonc~e feorever'. They toeo
hi~uke.d forward to this day, as we have
done. TIhey counted uponi -its sweet
rein ion, and bLiled its uippro'lach with
thirieling boiseoms. But, ere~ they t mned0(
their steps teo thle spiot. whence they
high chancery eof' leav~eln, mii lie~y de-.
senidedl to the chiamber ~ls ouf deathI.
Wer are hiere. Tl its saf'e passpolrts
have beenl grantteds atnd through g'Iloml
anid sunshinec, we have j~erle rmied liur
peilgriumage. tio this our' Melcca. What
cause fort gmttu lde', and fervemnt pralise!
A' few brii efh en'us and weo will again
put sail ont life's uncertain sea. \Yo
return to our several spheres, and nelv
duties open upon us. Does our fore
taste of them chill the anticipation?
Have we to tell of life the old tale of
disappointment and despair? Or can
we look it boldly in the fhee, and re
solve that. though .hope be ofttime
burried in the hard trials which hedge
about us, and prop after prop lulls as
we lean, yet that our lijith in the right
and the true shall never be shaken? If
we have this, we are armed for every
contest. Wealth and honers may not
pour if upon us, and defeat may blight
our best efforts, but we will live and
die worthily, as becomes men.
In the Address you have just heard
it has been my chief aim to impress
upon you an exalted estinrate of the
character and the duties of the citizens
of a republic, to stimulate your pride
in our institutions, and to enlist your
defence,'so earnestly demanded for the
fiture ;of the South. Classmates,
patriotisrn isino holyday dress, where
in to trust that fools may gape and
stare. To avail anything for the sub
lime duties which God has nrrked
out for it,' it must be an active abiding
conviction' that needs not the drama
of greatvoecasion to call it forth. Ev
ery momeit' brings nearer the stern
crisis through which the :youth must
pass. This accident may delay it, or
that compromise put it ofn: But it
will' come perhaps eventually as a
storm in Juue, thundering and black
eming wnhere all was bright before
perhaps like a thief in the night when
the nian of the house is asleep -
perha-s in bold and bloody struggle.
Let the young citizen be ready for it,
conic as it may.
But I must close. Five 'years more
and again will we journey towards
this spot. Some ofus. doubtle s, will
have followed our comrades to the
long bivouac. anrl those who returnt
will speak in still sadder tones of such
as are missing. And so will it be
at each succeeding quinquen nail, un
til perhaps some solitary comrade
shall pilgrim here, like the last scion
of it once numerous house, who comies
from afar off, with elate bosom, wea.
ried feet And soiled garruents, to the
mansion of his fit her's, unud finding it
dismantlEd and deserted, hasten away
to weep, to wander and to die.
Chinaan--;teresting Fascts.
Ve take the following extract front
an authentic work, published by Mr.
Williams who, from a lon;, residence
in China, has been enabled to write
knowingly upon the varioug subjects
embraced in his work :
The denseness of the population has
long since driven out all wild quadru
peds. and there are also few domestic
ones, ' such as are found in .Eastern
countries. Beasts of burthen are in a
great degree superseded by the means
of transport afforded by the numerous
rivers ain. canals, and by the coolies
orpo I hss of-t athletic .men,
wl, . (uiofiials In car
rying bu s and in dragging buats.
Animals are excluded to have more
food for them.--there are no mecadows
for feieding cattle; but the entire soil
is used in raising food for the inhabai
tants. WVild eats a--c sometimes caught
and considered a great dainty. Nlon
keys are found in the South-~west
provinces. W hat few horses and asses
are found in China are small antd '.erv
initerior in everyv respect. The0 lbilo
is also very iniferiuor. Dromeudaies
are used between Pekin and Tartory.
Th'lere are also h ugs, goats anud shteepi.
There is but one variety of dogs ini the
country, an aninmal a bout one iot
high and two feet long resemtblinig a
spaniiel. llats are veryv abundanit and
l' unish the corn pe~i ~ ople with ruca'.
They are ve ry large and de-tructive
to1 crops. Of the birds- in China there
are lhe eagle, the falcon, the mt agpue,
crows, sparrows, corrumorants' eurlews,
q ua:ils, pigeon ;, a rk-s, IphIeasanits, thle
rice bii-d, and manu y species, of aquatic
biard-<. Cormioranuts are* used by the
Chinese for eaitchitng fish. The fldeon
is imtperial prope(rty, and~ the maapgjie
is acknowledged by thte reigingthit.o
Fish fornm a very im portant part of
the food of the Chtiunese, and great
ey~e are takeun in raeising them in arlti
ficial fish ponds. TIhe gold and silIvetr
fish are kept in glass ghobs as orna
mtnents. Among the fish eamten, are thle
cod. st urgeona, mul Ilet, carp, pe~areb,
sea bream, &c.-Crab tilh anmd ovsters
are comrmon on the coaist.
The larger species of reptiles a.-e
unknown in China. Frogs, Jiz?.ards
an'd fresh water tortoises are comon'.
Venomous serpenfs are very rare.
China proper contains I1.30t1,000
sqtuare mniles and the indepenidencies,
which- cover an area of thte wt ho!e
empire, '5,900,000 squtar~ utile-.
Though thpe depenideneig.s conisistinig
ofChiniese That any, Tibi e t. Littlhe
Belinehri*,and t he peninisula of (Corea,
ta-c thlree times te extent of Chtir~a
itse'f, fin other respects thev ate
vastly inferior to it, being a in great
prt~i gnI , compu1 arati vely dlesert s,
withI a stragszling tand rapacious pu.
at irt, perhaptjs alItogether inoit, 'tne
tenith ini numnber- of those of Chinta
Tax~ Danrt sin)5 o1 MAi1truoN.
Lately a slave in the Weust indies, who
hand beein married to another slave by
one of the miissioniarics, a t the enid of
three weeks br-ought his witoheck to
the clergy man anid desi red himt to take
her again. 'The clergy manu~ asked what
was the~ metter with lier.
'WV hy, mnassa, she nto good. TJheu
book says she obey nme. Shte ito wash
th~y clothe-. Shte no do wht I want
her to do.'
Ministr--'Buit thle botok said you
wvere to take her ihr bet ter or for worse.
'Yes, mlassa, butt shte all wvorse arnd
no better. Site am too much worse
and no mood at all.'
Mr. Editor: Please announce
Capt. T. 1). F ilERsoN as a Candidate for
Sher;f of Sumter District at the ensuing
Aug. 24, 1853.
Mr. Editor:----You will
obligei a number of the voters of Sumter
District, by announcing in your columns
the name of Major JotN BAL.rDAn, as a
Candidate for Ordinary at the ensuing
Aug. 13, 1853. 42 if
Ait. EnITon :-Pl'case announce Mr.
ROBERT V. DURANT, a candidate
for Tax-Collector of Salem County, at the
next election, and oblige
January 14, 1852 13-tf
T s The friends of Capt,
P. M. GIBBOiNS announce him a candi.
date for the office of Tax-Collector for
Salen County, at the ensuing election and
oblige M1AN VoTEn3.
October 1 %i5.
OT The Friends of Dan
ILl MATIIS, Esq., announce hi as a
caudi'late for ''ax Collector for Claremont
Coity, at the ensuing election.
Felb. Sih, 1853 15-td
(ilYIr1 Editor:-You will
please announce WJILIJAI 11. BIRUN
SON as a candidate for the Oflice of Ordi
nary of Sumter 1)istrict, at the ensuing
April 27th, 1.852 27-tf
(LT We are authorized to
announce T. J. DINKINS, Esq., a Candidate
for Clerk of tie Court, at the ensuing el-ction.
April 16th 1851 25 if
07iUr. Editor: PIcase an
noiunce Air. J. J. McKl'I,,ARt. a Candi
date for Clerk of the Conri, for Sumter
1 bstrict, and oblige MNlsY VTorEls.
April 13, 1852. 25-tf
eef W. J. N: llntr-:- are desirons of put
ting Iihn in nomination for they lice of
Clerk of the Court of Sounter District, at
the ensing eiIlection.
Slay 31 1'~>3. :30-tf
,Y The Friends of Mr.
JOlIN I'. JUNE, anuoiunce hin as candi
date for Sheriff of Sumt:er )istrict at the
next election.
Nov. 12th, 1852 3-td--pd.
10 We are authorized
to announce A. E. 1'00L, as a candidate
for Sherifl'of Sumter Dist rict at the enst
December 21, 1852 * N--tf
Mr, Editor:-Please an
nounce JOt1N N. McLEOD a candidate
for ShlerihfF f Sumter District and--lh.
hige Manr FIENDS.
June 29th, 1853 :35--if
$100 Reward,
RiUNA WAY, on last Tuesday the
17histant, my Bey RICIIA RID. a
..~white miulatto, about firs feet three
or founr incites high, tolertihly stotiut but,
aboiut twen two years old wvitht straight
I ght coilored htair, ha~s a very suli-~y atp
pea rance, and answers quick atndl short
whent spiokien to said hoy ha~s a short thick
toot, hiis hiands :,bort and tick, chubby
lingers. I Ie had the sear of; a bister on
his forehea~d just above the eye-blrlows, lie
mtay try to hel it by wearing his cap or
htat down over his fuoreheuad. lie wvilIlibe
sure tot pat htiimself for a whtite ma.:n for
lhe is very white ande has been taking great
care of his skin tfor some timit. Whent lhe
lt lie hadl a clothl catp, black coiat antI a
daurk colored pair of platts. ie wvil l be
sulre to chanttge his cap a n. so lhes as so. em
as he can;i he also wears his'hlair in front
straight down tol hide the scar ot the blis
ter. lie is it sheoemiaker by trade, though
he may not go at the butsitiess, c xpecting
that lie will be so adivertesedh.
l'The above reward of Otte Hlundred
Ddllars will lie pa~d for his dlehvery ini any
Jail ini thle Stale. le will lbe sure to give
himtselfI anot her nanita:
.A.\IS I.OWiY.
Ifradleyville. Sumter Istrict, S. C.
Mif Camduen .lourtta and Cherawi G a
zette pubilish five t imeus.
Paints, Oils, Glass
No. 60 1.2 East-Bay, opposite P. & M. Bank,
lie keeps consteeantly for sabn, a general assort.
ment lof Paints and11 0 ils oef all kindseli, Window
Gluss andte S ashes, Spiiriis Tulrplentinl3, Caim
pheeno, Spirit G;as, TJallow, GrIndstones, Cor
lange~, Chain Pumps, Cuttun Fooit Gin Firtures,
Ghtiu, Pauc~ing Yarin, and Brushes of various
Oct. 26, 1353. 52 6tm
Commission Mlerchant,
PA IlITICUJL AIt altention given to the SA LE
or $I1liPalfENT of Naval Stores and Cotton,
rande liber ('ASh A DVANCES muado oni Coin
D~ec. 1-, 1353. 7 ly
Administrator's Notice.
All pieronis hiaving~ demands agatmst the
Estato of Mrs. E. Connors, deceased, are
requlestedl to hand themn ini properly attest.
eel; ande thois.e indlebtied will ploaso tmake
imod ite paymenit to
T. II. CONNORS, Adm'r.
Nev. 1.1, 1853. 3 i f
Forwarding Merchant,
Ang, 41 l.,
DaLOItME'S BAUM DE VIE," or Balsam of
Life is, aftera trial of upwards of twenty years
in a great variety of cases, confidently offered to
the public, especially to those afflicted with the
most distressing complaint, as a sure and speedy
relief for their sufferings.
Read the following certificates. They are
from gentlemen of high standing and residing
in your immediate vicinity. 'Ihey're but one
or two of the many in our possession all extoll.
Ing the heahing virtues of this, (to use the words
of a grateful I)ispeptic who was cured by its
use) most precious compound.
Certiircate from the Rev. Hiart well Spain.
fU~3MTERVIL.E,. S. C. Jan. 13th 1353.
Mr. CILAS. OttcoaRux.
Dear Sir: -Last Spring I used two small bot
tIes of your Balsam of Life; and experienced
much benefit. I took it two or three times dai
ly, a teaspoonful at a dose in a wine glas of
It acted on my liver, and imparted a healthy
tone to all my digestive organs, relieving me of
distressing headache, and many other disagreea
ble dyspeptic sym:ons.
[Sigrned] I1. SPAIN.
DEAa Sit:-.ii take great pleasure in recom
mending your "Baurne do Vic." which I have
often used, and always with decided relief,
when suffering from attacks of Dyspepsia. At
once a stimulant, tonic and cathartic, I am sat
isfied it will prove eminently serviceable to all
who nre aflicted with Dyspepsia. Its general
introduction throughout the country willgbe a
public benefit.
To keep a supply constantly on hand, which
I would not cshange for all the Auti-dyspep.
tic nostrums from Maine to Texas.
Yours respectfully,
(Signedi JOHN W. ERVIN.
For 4ale by Jchn, M. Chandler, Stnterville,
" " "I. A. Huggins, Darlington C. II.
" " 1)r. J. E. Byrd, 'Tinnonsvilley
And b Drugists generally.
Wholesale Agents, Columbia, S. C.
November 9 2 tf
Sunterville, S. C.
Respectfully informs the people of Sum
ter District that he ha just receivc.) and
now offers for sale the bes. selected and
most choice stock of
Fall and Winter Goods,
That cannot he surpassed by anything in this
market. fle has received many i-w styles
which purchasers would dd well to examine be
fore brying elsewhere.
g4 full and large -upply of Hosiery, Shirts,
Drawers, Gloves, Suspenders, Cravats, Ifand
kerchiefs, &c. &t".,
A large assortment of REA[DY MADE CLO
TII!NG, which will be sold low.
Eo" Garments mannfactured by the subscri
ber, and warranted to give satisfaction. Or
deers from a distance promptly attended to.
Oct. 25th. 1353 tf
CARR111GES8! 01111I14088!
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Carriages and Harness,
OF every description, Nos 124, Meeting street,
and 33 Wentworlh street. next to the olil stand
of Gilberts & Chapin, Charleston, S. C.
WM. It. IlUN'ET.R, may be found at the
above Repository, and he takes this method to
assure his friends that all orders entrusted to
him will be attended to promptly and with strict
L 19th., 1853. 51 _
Negroes Bought and Sold,
THE undersigned hats opened an oflice at No.
16 State Street, Charleston, where he has 'in
h:-nd a nmtnher of lLKLY YOUNG NE
GitOES for sale fruie wich he can supply the
wvants of tany of the community. These Nso.
gces ar:- purchas~ed in Matryland, Virginia,
North and South Carolina. TIo his lot hie is
continually receiving accessions. The highest
prices piad at all timies for negroes.
3. M1. E. SHIARP'E,
16 State Street.
Charleston, Dec. 21, 1353 8 ly
Business Oard.
Cotton Fa~ctors and General Comnmis.
flB. M'cLAURlN, Esq., will give per
t SOnalI and specia' n; ention t) the in
terests4 and order.s of he friends in this
S~ atre nutdge adju~ning Ct unat ies of North
Catrolinta,' who mtay lavor these Ilouses
wv.tht their pattonare. Conisigunents of
pirotluce to the I louse in New York, either
bty waty of Charleston, Georgetown, or
hni ingmon, wd il b'e coveretd by insurance,
it notice of hte shipmoent he promipt ly giv
Law Notice.
QiO mcnxt door ho J. 11. & RI. C. Wecbb'e
Newt York Store.
March 22 13r53 21-tf
For Cash, And that only,
Thelr cheapest. GROCERIIES evor sold
in Sumtorvillo, catn he had from GORDON
& CO., at D)r. Mello-tt's Old Stand.
Sogars of the fitest quality antd most ap
prove d rnds in the world, Itot her with
Preserved Frujis of tdfhrent kinds, Syrups,
Nuts, &o. A share of the pubslic patron
nge la desired, provided it Is accomnpaniec'
by the CASH, but not otherwise.
June 141,h, 1853 23--tf
BUTLER & NEWIlERY have removed from
their former starnd to the one formerly occupied
bty E. ID. PRtING LE & Ce., one door North of
F. HlOY'tlS Jewelry Store, where they would
be pleased to see their frienids and customners.
Oct 5, '853. 49 tf
TtiNegro Shoes.
Tesubseriber has made arrangemnents for
the manuifacturo of fromnFouir to Five Thousand
pairs of the shbove article by the FA LL. For
reference as to quality, he would respectfully.
refer persons who may be disposed to purchaseo
of hint, to those whlo pattronhzed him last year
As to price, he will guarantee them as low as
can be oflerded
May 22 2 * .J MORGAN.
sizes, constatntly on hand and for sale
Opp. Temnerance M-I.n Snmtervin.
aappiness and Competence
wilt i IT1
Chat we beha.l many females, gearce is the Merd'as
'ie brokes s health add spirtsa with eupltcataea
a.se..ses and aaneuts.depriviusg lem or thepoe r efora
enfu auent of b al. an a ,t healpht sieI bealsa beoraasep
of sias. and haappy serenity of masd. arising sv a "i
diti.naa of health .should he predomiasut.
hMany of a te aes ofer aufrerings at Arae-perhape
pears befue. perhs s during grihood, or the aret yests of
marriage-wet. .a their oraga, S ligbta t pesaaotied,
64.1 of cousae neglected.
Whena too late to be benentted by our knowledge. 1e leek
back nad aruua, and regret tihe full coasuequesces of ear
ag.e stace.
W Lat would we not often give to posses is early lire
the k,,owi.de ei obtain ins after years ! And oliaa dare
and .ights of eau uish we :night not have been spared, U
the k-owlIdgs was timely possessed. It Is
To behold tile sikalsee and sufrering enduegd by esmaay.
"''. for mny yearsfrom causes simple and controllabte
easily retnedad-ort better still.--not ancurred, if every
'ssaeurJ tlae i:anrmation contained is a little elase.
( wuahtsa th seaca of all) which would spare to herself
And to her hushaud the constant toil and anxiet of naiad
necesa fly rievolvin upon him Irum sickness of t. wife
wiathouta gavisa him the opportunity of acquirin that esom.
Petenace saach his exertions are entitled, and se roeses.
.i ol ofwhich would secus the happiness of hameelf.
warft, and va. ildteu.
O becoamine isa time possessed of the kneowledge, the
w.at ris hich has caused the sickness and poverty of
Isa rce or aucha consequences no wire or mother is
ssenaable i{ she relect o avail herself of thatknow.
eaige ins respect to herself. which would spare her aMueet
stiri. . .e the nieast. ufhappiness saad prosueuity to S.
inusb.t.sl ai eraner S ran lire children that blomlagabeer
all trie-heattlay bodies. *rish hettlap minds. That
kaulede is eontaisued n a little work entitled
Private Medical Companion,
nY Dit. A. N. MAURICEAdf .
a arrresson or t isaes or wosaeM.
')ne lit sareth Edition. hatrlo, pp 2150. Price 50 Chew.
(s ris recet. ATa INDe. $1 00.).
l'irst published i as 17. and it is not
Unssaternlar flat JiVEItY FEMal.E
W illsnil liit lttAHElDli' OR NOT, ease
lasie nectulre a itll kasovlelge of filer
iseat stre. ctanreter aad en uses of er oans..
palatrilt. wItas the Varlous symaptoms, asal
.iesot nearly
ahouald Isse bees sold.
It is irrpraecticale to ..onvey fully the varioss sujecte
treated of. as tler u-e of a nature strictly intended ret
s. marril,. or sase cstearmplating marrisges, but no
rmuest.a grususs af e.-;issint htealth.asd that scauty,. co.
9 555e,t -.,an usaltta. wulichl is so co.sdacive to lar owe
sao te.i ial hat aof her hasbaosd. but either haa or will
.- s a, ha, a na .i every huihaa:d who has the lone
at .r C-:an.. of lsisu ier at lear., sr that of his own pe
1 - u s 4n .us ement.
( ;'t t s or ON ,is 11 DiVEterD ThOU.
' N ) (iP .N
- ' 1t M AII. w.tflisa the last fee
.5 O u.h laess "Dr. A. M. Mauriceau, 1
er-'-- W. Y.-' Is on the Uto page. and the
-n-ry a the erk-s Offliceo on ths baok of the tilp
tue.: and buy only of rasupctable and honorable
--al.-r.. ir secul by mail, and arddress to Dr. A. M
'haerieacau. as therio art spurious and surreptitious
ofrutg.-mena of copy-right.
Vo s-acuse for Igreorasace. when Igsorance
Is SMlaery to those we hold near aed'
deanr. sisat whets to dispel ousr Ignorassee
i. witlitlrs our reach.
To enable every one to docIdo upon tie dndia.
paubarassehity or pneseasng a copy, and that no
wire, or nother nood renain uninformed upon the
manny caCses. which. sooner or later. are destinod to
make fearful ravagea upon her health. unleseguarded'
I.:ainat. attd that no conalderate and afectionat.
hsainlnssl have cause to upbraid himself with neglet
if titsa wulftaro of his .rife-e pamphlet of thlrty-eli
ranges, onntninint faU 7ttle-ptge asnd Inder of O ,.
t.suc togethar with extracts from tiro book. wilt be
-eit /rsq of curga -. any part of ths United Stater
:.v alirrai:g. puit-paid, as herein.
a'er Kaaai'wlesage se Happiness, 'tis cul
jiile to be igisoratas.
t; On receipt of One Dollar. (far the fin Ed!
. 4a..eean M a 1e5'.
art free so sny pars Stae Mt-:ls
ae moss be -pet~ad.iand al Io Dr. A.'M
stlA ti ttlCE A UBox 12M4. New York CIly tsPblsh,
ka.t e aIOaNo. 129 Libertr Str'eLt Now Yok
For ale byv
Hamburg, S. C..
Itn New York City, by
Stringer &. Townosend, Adrience, Sher-.
man& Co., Dewitt & Davenport, Barns &.
Co. Omeite, ]29 Liberty Strcet, near
Green wich.
M:sy 17th, 1853 29-tf,
[customers and the caommunity generally
that by the 20th inst., I will haive ins store.
a full atock oif
n my linn, consisting of CLOTHS, CAS-.
SIMERES, and VESTINGS, of every
- -- .s
'af every description; with a complete as
atssortmlent of
Ready Mlade Clothing,
carefully seleclgd in the Baltimore and&
New York markete.
Sept. 20, 1853,
- S. &E. M. G ILBDE RT
continue the CARRIAGE
BUSINESS at the above
sland--No. 35 and 40 Wenotworth-street,
Charleston-where they will be pleased in
exhibit to their told friondsp and cuatompg
a very extensive Stock nf Vehicles, com.
prising thoiso of thieir ow nlanufacture,.
together with variour~ oth.hrsxtyles usually:
found in this market. T1heir long acquaint
aoce with this ;narbet as manufacturp
andt dealers wvill enable them, to og'er grea.
inducemaents to paurchaser. both in stylesa
and prices.
Aulgust 24, 185'2. 44ut$
Improved CJotton Ginst
Thank ful for past favours the subooriber wias
oi to inform the public that he still mnanufac
lures Cotton Gina at his establishment in State
burg, ont the most improved and approved plan
wich ho thinke that the cotton ginned on one
of those gins of the late improvement Is worth
at least a quasrter of a cent more than the cot
ton ginned on that ordinary gin, H~e also man
ulactures thorrn 0n the most simplo costructione
of the. fines: finisha and of the best materials ;to
wit, Steel Sauwe and Steel Plated Ribs Case
hardened which he will sell for $2 per Saw.
lie also repairs old gins and puts them in comn.
pots order at jhe shortest notice. All orders for
Gins will be prtrmptly and punotuiall y atwended
Stateoburg, Sumter Dli, S. C. Feb 17,-- ?6
Veterinary Surgeon.
ROBF<RT" W, ANDREWS notofee sthe
cixiens of this, andt lthe adjoIning JDistricutg,
that he las removed h ~sStables near the De.
pot of ste W, & MI. R. Bond, where he ii readly
at all times to tak e charge of dissasned Horms
for a moderate charge i n all cases whser, thers
is no cure no pay will be expected. Hie also
continues to take Pasusenge r tt and froma the a
lDepot, sod expects shortly to receive a Ne'w
Oznnibmus for that purpsae. Goode lhe will haul
at the old rate o' 10 pacet per package, anl
SOlbcits the P p1sisa of the jmbthe.
Fe b-i a 1- -t

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