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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, May 24, 1854, Image 4

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WECDNESDAY. M1Y 24, 1854.
gg" Persons wishing, to see us upon
business connected with the Paper or Law,
can find us at any hour during the day,
except from four to five in the afternoon.
at our office, just b. k of Sot oMenos' New
Store. All business connected with the
paper must be transacted with WILLIaM
L.wis, JOHN S. RICHHRDSON, jr., or R. C.
LOGAN. Mr. R. C. LouAN, the Foreman
of Banner Office, is our only authorised
Agent to receive money and give receipts
for the sante, and may always be found at
the Banner Office. All letters addressed
to the Banner must be pre.p:aid to insure
The Vigi'ant Society of Sumterville. will
take notice that Band No. 2, will turn out from
Monday the 29th of May. for the usual term.
- L. P. LURING, Prea't.
J. H. DINGLE, Seo'ty.
May 24, 1854..
COTTON.-The market to.day was
somewhat in a depressed state. The
transactions were limited to 670 bales.
at extremes, ranging from 6 to 9 1 4c.
-a decline in prices of 1.8 at 1.4c.
on the lower qualities.
The Mails.
The only mails received at this place on
Monday were from Columbia. There was
also a failure of the Northern mails on
Tuesday morning, inconsequence of which
we are without our usual correspondence
Messrs. PAIRnow & Co.'s famous
"Southern Burlesque Opera and Bal
let Troupe " performed in this place
to a highly respectable audierce on
last evening. They give another per.
formance to-day at 3 o'clock, p. m.,
and again in the evening at 7 o'clock.
Go and see them, a good laugh is more
beneficial to health than a dozen of
flobensack's pills.
AUOrSTUs Ii. ?RIOR, convicted of
murder and recently condemned to be
hung by Judge ML'NRO, broke out of
Columbia Jail on .'ond.ey night and
made his escape.
Buy Drowned.
We are informed by our Columbia cor.
=it respondent that on Sunday last a negrg
4fellow, the p*loperty of EDwaRD ..
TIIUR, was accidentally drownedl in the
, Congaree River, near Columbia. Hie, in
company with several others, was bathing
and ventured beyond his depth. His body
ha. been recovered.
We have received several publications
which purport to elucidate and explain the
subject of spirituial rappings. They are
all from th.- land of radicalism, fanaticism,
&c. &c. Wbe expect to find some astoun '
ing revelations in these paipers, which the
readers of the Basnner may hear of next
The Candidates.
We have been freganentlf ;asked, why
the canlmdates have n't ;anuweredl the qua
ries propoaundled by -vot.-rs " in this lIN
trict. We presunei they are waiting for a
leisure season ;but lo mutt gentlemena, if
you give the people mutcha mo're timn-, they
tuay overwhelm you with such a oarnnadool
comnmutnications, as mniaht nw you on th
"other side of J1 r-lan " to looak fior an
awers, and " Jot diian is hard road Io t rabble "
W. & Manchester Rt. Rt.
The receiptisate this road foar the mntth
of December. Jtanuary, February and
March last. nmounteal to thu sutm nf $880,
590,b7. At the present tmnie the traveh is
very great ; three passenger cars are daily
filled each way.
" Sugar in the Gourd."
This seetms to be the mhtto, o'r at any
. e' rate the text of a sharp looking sheet of
prmnted tmatt er dubbed " Jonah's Gourd
Vine," which is published semi-occasion.
a ally at Ne~wberry C. Hi. The editors, wiao
are unknown, say they intend in return
for the brill'ant success, which has greetedl
their e~lrtsa, to enlarge the Vine. "Ill
weeds"~-but we had forgotten, small pa.
per., like little meon, mrny be waspish and
if there is "sugar in the gourd" there
might possibly happeti to be a atmng like
wise. "Discretion is the better part of
A Calculatiosa.
The numaber 9 has some peculiar pro.
porties, the solving of whtch have ever
r been interesting to calculators. The fol.
lowlng qneries frotm a wrater in thme Eren.
ing ,ewos may give an hour or two ot
plasain tnental1 occupat ion:
"-Messe.kEditors :Wtdi you please re.
quet - Ldgr ' t sttethe reason why
nutmbers is always mnuiple of 9.
I would ta isosubmnit the fol'owing query :
Hlow is mt that I divided by 9 tiee9 or SI,
.gives for quotient a periodical decicnal
fraction, of the form, of
O,012 5670019334567901,and so. on re.
producing in regular succession, and in
their tnatutral order, all the digits with the
eoeption of 3
Esuropau News.
The news riom Europe by the last
Steaimner is of nn exci'ing character. T'e
gxamn- of- war has conmmenced in earnest
and blood and carnage, rapine, murder,
desolation and misery its eccompanymonts.
By the arrival of the Atlantic we learn that.
a part of the allied fleet had bombarded
the Russian town of Odese, situated on
the northeast coast of the Black Sea. The
attack however, under the direction of Ad
miral Dundos, seems to have been a bun
. led affair, of which the English are by
no means proud. The prospect of a war
between Spain and the Un:tcd States,
growing out of the Black Warrior affair,
is brought nearer by the advices of this
Steamer. Of the result of such a contest
the Madrid correspondent of the London
Tunes says
"To any but Spaniards there can scarce
ly be a shadow of doubt as to the face of
Cuba in case of a war between Spain and
the U. States, at.pposing, of course, nun n
terference on the part of ally powerful ally
of the former country. At the same time
America would not escape undamnged in
a conflict with this comparatively feeble
country. The ocean would be quickly
covered with privateers under Spanish
colors, and American commerce would
suffer greatly. And at the last moment,
when all hope was lost, I fully believe that
Spain would emancipmate the slaves rnd
abandon the Island to them sooner tLan
see its darling possession--the "Queen of
the Antilles," lull an easy prey and flour
ishing puievsson into the hands of the am
bitious and encroaching Republic, which
gives it so niuml uneasiness."
Since the above the Steamer Europa
with thrco days later intelligence from
Europe has arrived at New York. We
clap the following items of news from the
telegraphic reports to the Carolinian --
The allied fleets bade bomsarded the
city of Sulina Boghaz, at the mouth of
the Danube. Omer Pacha also obtained
a signal victory over the Russian General
The American privateer Grape Shot is
reported to have captured a French brig ofF
Land's End.
"On the 18th and 19th Omer Pacha,
with 70,000 men, gave battle to General
Luders, between Silistra and Rustchuk.
'Tho engagement lasted for several hours.
During the previous night Gnmt r Pasha had
sent a division towards sea, which division
during the night of the battle, attacko:d the
Russians in the rear, causing tremendous
confusion. 'T'he Russians retreated be
hind Chernawoda, with the loss of many
guns, stores, baggage, and military chests.
'he Russians continue the attack on Slis.
The Turks, on the 20th, crossed the
Danube, ior the purpose of deuirojing time
Runssian batteries, advanced to Kiluruch,
am after hard fighting returned or. the 23d
to Slstria m good order.
Pr.n e Pa.mskeiewitch has ordered the
iRussianms to advance no further into the
An important battle was fought on the
:5th uemween tihe Turks and Greek insur
gents. Uita was ta en by assault in fifty
minmutes by the Turks. The Greek lead
ers, 1Karaskakmk amid Jiaviitas, fled, Th'le
mlaughter was consideraiule. Th'le imnpor
tant townm of M'eizoo was also taken by the
Turks, and pillaged hy the Albanianis.
rTe Greek tetader Grevea fled. Except
mime Parmaus all the coast of Greece is close
my biockided biy mihe allies.
Oni ihe 19th a fight ensued betwveen the
Turks and Montenegrms at Nicksick,
colmnanided by time chiecf George P'etro
vitch. Hmmstimtmie have stow fairly com
menced. and each sieamer will but en.
hiance time imterest felt ini tihe 'ontest ini
the Estm.
1' is rieported that time Austrians will oc
copy the Promvomces.
A.mnmrul Napier is closely blockading all
the Ei~ic poris, amid Rusesia is fitting out
a fleet of dUtI armed boats to send agaimit
Just as we arue goimg to press, the mails
of .lounday an.m TJuesdamy hate comie to
hunid, from whmach we gleanm the foliowinug
.4d t.onal itemi.:
'rhe American privateer alluded to above,
is smnpure.. to be the clipper uip Grapme Shot,
w.,ien '.e-mel cleared frmin the Uied Siawes
wahl a purmjion of the lamoust George Law's
imutskets un buurJ. This as, however, dmimpmuted.
'* mmei the anwiligenice reachled L.'iumme gr~iat
exenlifement enmsmi, amid a~ ritish war atemumer
w~as imnn..euiately dispatchmed in persuit of the
Grapo snut.
A tiebate haed occurred in the Itritish House
of Lumaoma omm the elfh imnit., relative to time tu
bunmi-bive Tra.de , dumimng which, to qurhtions
asnked, Lore Jom.n itunnetl repmied imi substiance,
that as lair as time Uriiish ujovrnmemt couid
jiauge by recent auppearances time inmendeu ac
toi~ ox die bpaistui tauvernmment was satisfacto.
m y a. in unorJ~uu.ce w it exlfimg treatemi on
time subject.
Coagmemsionna I.
Wasnlinavo, May 20.
The U1.8f. Ilousem of ltepresenmativeu adijo rn
ed on baturday without paslsimng the fsebnraka
bimf, but dei~monstrated tanmt there was a clear
majority ini avor of it.
Time 31Z. E. Coaferemc.
The debate on the location of thme
Southerni book establishment was
biromght to a close oni Friilay and de
cided in favor of Nashville. Thme last
ballot stood 60 votes for Nashville
and 57 for Louisville.
Clerical Wit.
We give below a "dlih story" clipped
froum some of our exchanges ; who can
read it, witht givinmg three che era for the
pa raons ?
A Fistu Sroar.-Four clergymen, a Bap
tist, P~resbmyt trin, Methmod:si, amid Rouman
Cothohec, met at a certai mm plane ,y agree
mnent to dinme on ti-hi. Soon as grace was
said, time Cmatholic: rose, armned with at kmi e
amnd fork, snd taking abanuit one-third os time
flih, coitmprehiemdmg the hiead, reimoved a
to his plate, exebumied as he sat dhown,
wiih gre.mt seii sat ..fuct.cn, ' Pa.pa esm oa
put ectclensiU" (thme Pompe as thei had of
mime I'hurebi ) limmedtately time Methiolhst
mumuster arm'se, and helping hmwmmelf tin
abut emno third, embracing the mail, seated
himnseir, execlaninmiig, "Fummns coronat opns"
(thme enmd crowms the work.) The Presby
seeaan nmow thmoughlt it was tiame for kin to
umvesy, amid takmg lie remnaintder or the filwh
to hsis ~plate, ex-himminmg, " In memdia est
vertas" (inutih lies between the two ex.
a remuiri) . Our B:,pmist brotiher had nothimg
before him but an emmpty pimihe and time
pir, specti mf a ,hm dmmnemr, ami snatchimg
mm1 Ide ii'w! of mdraiwn (umeardm) bluter, lii
'ulined ii ove shemm .t:, px, imininge L go
1'ak1eau VW4" (ldtkiIiZV jIM oi-)
Correspondence ofLta.Banner..
New YoRK, May 10, 184.
DEAR BANNEn : The condtict of the
gallant Captain Creighton as distingnisded
in the resene of so many human beings
from the ill-fated San Francisco, the par
ticulars of which are known to all, has
been recently equalled if not excelled.
Yesterday moriting. the ship Curritica ar
rived in our harbor having on board two
or three hundred persons, whom she pre
served from a watery grave, having taken
them from the barque Black Hawk that
had been dismasted by a storm and was
floating, at the mercy of the winds and
waves. The Captain of the Curritica
deserves the thanks of every man for his
promptness and humanity. We wish his.
name was known so that it might be pro
claimed from land to land.
The " Know Nothings" whom your
Philadelphia correspondent has so zealous.
ly defended, have at last got into a fix.
Several of them have been indicted for
threatning to murder a worthless, trifling
fellow that joined the Order for the pur
pose of finding out and afterwards disclos.
ing its mysteries- He was probably hired
by the opponents of that order to reveal
their secrets and should accordingly be ex
pelled from society.
The libel case of Forest vs. Willis, allu
ded to in our last, terminated in a mistrial.
The jury were unable to agree upon dan a
gem, some fixing them at 810,000, others
at 6 1-4 cents. Forest would stand a
much better chance of recovering the lat
ter amount than the former, for Willis is
notoriously poor.
The Nebraska Bill has created a tre
mendous excitement throughout the whole
State. Seward, Greely et omne illud ge.
nus are of course, quite furious at the idea
of its passage ; although 'he former will
vote for it in order to have a better chance
to agitate the subject. The masses seem
to be anxious about it and we believe that
they will soon be wearied of, and put down
forevermore, the violent demerited, fanatics
who have so long ruled over them.
The weather ia gradually growing
warmer and we predict a hot sumtner.
Mtost of the denizans are preparing for
Saratoga and Cape May. Joy go with
them !
The Caloric Steamer has been raised
front the water and again floats in triumph.
After all said and done, we believe she will
yet answer every expectation.
The Ward Trial.
We cheerfully give place below to the
very just and reasonable request of MAT.
F. WAKD to the editors of the U. States,
who have with a rancor as unprccedenoted
as vindictive huo ted down and with no evi
dence before them, but the extravagances
ofJJgelggy l ie g sspd as a murderer;
one who hai been tried and acqluitted of
the charge by the laws of hia enuntry and
the verdict of twelve of his equals. Js not
this disregard o1 honaorablo institutions, a
fostering of that spirit oaf insubordination,
from which this country hais so much to,
fears. Tne Press generally have been too
haty in this case and owe the justice
T1o the Editors of the U. States :
GENTLEaJEN:* It [ felt lesR conlfidence
in the justice andi mngnanimity of the
Aiierican people, I would not now intrude
mtyself upon your notice. My position is
one which masy well be considered peco
liar in the Umited States, where the laws
have hitherto been respected, and where
the verdict of a jury has been regarded as
finial in all criminal cases. Acquittedi,
itoughi still accused; free, though stil
prosecuted, I must appeal. through the
(co uimns of the Delta, to your generosity,
and beg a .-uspension of opinion until the
evideiic- im my case can be laid hefore you.
I can oa..iun- no mnan for feeling strong
prejudices against tm, for expressimg the
loudest condemnation ot that unfortunate
deed, wh.ch has beets so darkly and in.
gentiously exaggerated by my enemies.
The bublic haivu as yet scen biut one side
ot this case, and thiat otie lias bieen niost
uiisiruipulousiy misrepresemted by those
eager for my btt'id and ruin. I have been
acquitted by a jury of smy pners, and in
most ensesi ths would bei vindicat on aufli.
cnt, and even in my case, perverted as it
has been, miy acquital should at least ..r
gue a presumption Of imy innoces.co strong
enough to indui e the most hostile to pause
till they can exanine the testimony pro
duced at my trial. This is all I desire,
and surel) it is not much for a man to
ask who has unicomplainingly submtitted
to as much as I have done.
A full and unpartial report of the testi
mony in the caise has been prepared tiy
Mr. A. D). liii hardson, oine of the tmost ac
cotmplished shot 1-hanid writers in the West
and will sooii be issued t roit the press oh
Messrs. D). Appleton & Co., New York.
Although I felt the highest confidence mn
Mr. It.chardson's impartiality, and abili y,
yet when 1 remember the former course of
my e'neies, the precaution was taken to
gentle the report auithensticated lby several
have mneti, whose positions place them
above the soaring accusatiuute of the
Alt that I ask frotm you, gentlemen of
the press, is silence unitil this report can
be pliaced befoire the pubtic, and if yosu do
nsot th n discover come bettor reaso~n for
my acquittal thati the corruption of the
Jury, I air willing to submit to your uni
versal conidemnnation. I have miade no
previous attempt to resist the designs of
smy eniemties-not, as they would falsely
minsusate, because I hadl no defentce to
maske, but because I relied with consfidenc-e
on the' just adunatsration of te laws ot
miy i mi nltry. I break that silence niiw
wint~h the better jndgemsent of friends for
mnerly iunposed upon tme. only because miy
perascuhora seem to have lost all respect
sur htaw, asnd have constituted themisetves
a high'r tribuinal, to reverse the tdecistin
of a jury regular.y emnpanebted by the pro
.per autho it she tate.
Oncee more I app.~eal to the generosity
of the press ill this country, snd conjure
every editor, in the tnme of justice and
humnaiiiy, to read Use report of my trial
weigh well the teatinmny on both usdes,
and th in declare to the ward whether I
h ve non the right to saj that mijusitct,
black mijnticte, has beens donte me-. And -
a maar are sunvuned be the tamimatmy I
that-syepeveccutora have-Totbeietsfffhf:
ed in the cnss which they made out against
me, I have- too much confidence in the
nagninimity of American editors to doubt
that they will confess that they have been
misled, and will expose the unjustifiable
means used to deceive them and to injure
me. Be just, he generous, gentlemen of
the press. Read this report, and cnsider
closely its contents.
Thei Louhaville Courier has, I believe,
propjtd to publish my trial in pamphlet
form, ,ut the gentleman who was employ.
ed by this paper is not a stenographer,
and the report could not be full and atis.
factory in all the details of cross.examina.
tion, even if his notes were fairly publish.
ed. Mr. Cole would not, I know, make an
unfair report for any consideration ; but
from past experience I should apprehend
that smine liberties might be taken with his
notes before they ace light. I make this
suggestion for his rake as well as my own.
It is a tact worth noting, too, that whilst
Mr. Cole was preparing this report for the
Courier, he wrote letters to his paper, the
C:ncinnati.Gazette, in which lie expressed
an opinion that I would be acquitted, which
was based on the evidence in the case.
We may hereafter have an opportun-ty of
comparing Mr. Cole's opinio., of the testi.
mony with the version the Courier may
gave it.
- -: : MAT. F. WARD.
drom Mexico...
We leara from a gen'ternan who has
just.arrived from the city of Mexico, that
the account o1 the recent alleged victory
of Santa Anna over the Alvarez insure: ents,
is utterly unfounded. No victory has
taken place, and none is likely to, accor.
ding to his acconnt. Alvarez is still per
fectly secured in his natural stronghold.
The whole c ntry'(Acapulco) is a fortress
in which no tunition is required, and the
natives, unliki Santa-Anna's party, require
no money, and live on'nmparatively no.
thing. The sickly season has just com.
menced. Santa Anna's forces are dying
in numbers, and will not be able to exist
there a month longer .There is no money in
the Mexican treasury. Five per cent: per
month has been offered by the Govern.
tuent for loane of 810.000 and $20,000, tc
carry on the gar and pay the soldiers.
Santa Anita lit go by the board, unless
he accipts the treaty There is no truth
in the assertien that. the priests are ready
and willing to loan money to the Govern
ment. The church has no faith or confi.
dence in Santa Anna, and will lend him
no mooney, and he dare not take their wealth
by force. 'ile people would rise in their
miight, and hurl him fuin power it be at.
tempts it.
Thetiity prdoners taken at Guyamas,
and carried in chains to Masatlanr have
been released from their chains, but are
still in confinement, awaiting the action ol
the Mexican Government. Mr. Cripps, of
California, acting, charge of the Un ted
States, has, in. onjunct ion with the Britah
minister, addressed a strong letter to the
Mex can Gveriiment, demanding the
prompt trial of these men, and their release
if innocent. reply ha been received,
stating that tAy cou:1 be treated fairly,
and be dealt kith according to their guilt
or innocence. Twenty of them are naive
American citiens, twelve adopted c:tizens
of the United tatee, four are Engliih sub.
jects, anal the remainder foreigners. The
afloat -it hhti- arose a tgllows :
Neaw' kietl,,: iana, ma eiwe thin the
Governtnt of1the Ut.te.d States had : ur
chased Sonoirs, to the 25.n degree of north
latitude, from Mexieo. These men, wish.
ing to take advantage of the purchase,
went down iunmediately in the Anita to
Guyamna-, without armr, and also without
patshportsm. They were seized as filibusters
lieiing without passports. They rely upon
the fant of being unarmed as evideniceo01
their peaceful intentions.
At Vera Cruz the American Consul has
been much ineensed at the conduct o the
Governor,in breaking open letters address.
ed to American Citizens in Mexico. Omi
informant saw letters addressed to the firim
of Markoe & Co, Blrunner, and Hiargvun
& Co., which had been opetned by the Gov.
ernor of Vrera Cruz. The postimiaster ni
Vera Cruz acknowledgeid in presence of
thie Consul and our informant that the seals
had ben vioated by the hand ot the Goy
ernor hnmself.
Trade is nearly at an end in Mexico.
Prohihitive import and export duiies, and
ouiraigeones extortiins. have deterred mrer.
chaitts trowt engaging in any large oppera
tio s, and the reneinue will lalh short this
year of about five millions. Along the R~m
Grand", except at matamiras, all traile
wth the American iside is prohibited, andl
guard are stationed at the principal ports
tuo make seizures. The import trade into
Texas, however is carrie d on by smug
gkers, who can run the gantlet on the
Mexican stile for a smoeli cnsideration friom
the Aiierican tr.sdens.- Washingtou Star.
The fohlowinig ias the letter referred to
ini our despatcheson Saturday. It is yub.
lished in the New York Herald:
CITY OF M Exico, MA Y .1, 18..
Th-- position of h~s Seret e Hahness the
President of the republic is critical in the
ext reme.
Suppose lie had succeeded in driving
Alvarez out of his mountain taitiiesss
near A apuleo, Santa Anna had neoarly fat.
len into the snarehlaid for him by Alvarez.
who, by a strategous mnanmuvre, has placed
himself between sh capital (Mexico.) and
the forces of $an4 Anna, whose suipplies
are thus entirely cut off; and his men are
taut becoming victilbs to the effects of want
andI the climate.
It is also known to the Go -ernment that
Alvarez had captured upwards of four hun.
dred mutes laden with baggage and pro
visions for the use of the forces under
Sata Anna.
Queretaro is in a state of revolut on, and
it is impossible not to foresee that thim calp.
ital is about to follow ta the same wake.
The arrival of Lieut. John Ci. Parke, o
the United Etates Army, and esc~ort, at
Tuzon, depart ent oi Sonora, on the 20th
February, wa~lnal known in the city
or Mexico on the 20th nIt. Hie will trace
the northern boundary, or, rather, limits
and bounds, between the two countries.
Tus CONnITIoN OF. Uis -The Havana
correspotident ot the Ne w Orleans Picay -
uneO asserts that the recent decree of the
Captain General of Cuoa hits er its osten
aiible objects th a stoppagce of the stave trade,
whime its real dos.mtn is to prepare tor the
final step of ne-zr emancipation. 'The
corresponident also says a caomp'ete panic
exists in Cuba. The- foreign maerchiants
are sotn~ig their famtihies away, fearimg
some great impending evil, w hi lethe meo.
notary affairs 01 the islaiid are in a state
oi enit.mgtemenit, and dintrust is extending
on every hand,
What adds to the panic is the menacing
aspect of affairs with United States ott
acc ountof the Black Warrimi- affair, and
the knowtedge of the fact that the Cap.
tam Geierat has the royal decree authaor
z.ng ham to declaro the immnodiate abulb.
W.tE 4 ry[ 06 u4 ettgt W4rbg
.4, *.
ie Unit' Iates, and even onhe su
ing of letters of marque by its government
against Spain, if he should deem it proper to
do so. Every one is convinced by his wil.
lingness to issue the decree even to.day.
There hive been sent to the United
States, by the Isabel, of the 22-'ult., a co
lonel of engineers, late an officer of the
army, for the ourpose of watching the
movements of the Government at Wash
ington and of the fillibusters in the South.
They have double passports, as civilians
and as miiltary officers.
For the Banner.
Tribute of Respect.
At a meeting of the Clarendlon Troop
on Saturday the 6th of May,- the following
preamble and resolutions were unanimous.
ly adopted.
Whereas, since we last met, death has
visited our ranks and snatched two of}our
most punctual members, and though it is
becoming in us to bow in humble submis.
sion to the mandates of Heaven. It is our
mournful privilege to record this merited
tribute to their highymoral worth. Be it
therefose :
Resolved. That this Troop has learned
with sincere regret of the death of Mr.
Robert and James Weeks, whose, promp
titude agte imzegrigpriKtp'endeared theta
to each member.
Resolved, That we tender to their be
reaved families our sincere condolence in
this afflicting dispensation, and pray that
God may pour into their hearts the oil of
Resolved, That in token of the high es.
term in which they were held we will wear
the usual badge of mourning at our next
three parades.
Fur the Banner.
MAYEsVILLS, S. C., May 22, 1854.
Messrs. Editors: If not encroaching too
much on your prerogatives, I would auk the
publication of the accompanying slip from
-he Baltimore Clipper. It is such a deci.
ded hit at the host of agents in Washing
ton who are managing to fleece the people
out of their rights, that I think every body
ought to read it.
Yours, very respectfully,
InteresEltig and Carleus Cur
respoadence on lMilitary Al.
The San Diego Herald publishes the
following which is more than rich-it is
positively luscious:
WAaarsu or. Jan. 14, 1854.
Liet G. X. Derby, U. S. A. San Diego,
Sir : An effort having been made by me.
in connection witn others, to obtain an
act oi Congress, during its presei t sea
shom, by which army officers will rece.ve
the sane allowan- es whiaat they served in
California and Oregon as were granted to
navy officerr, I beg to call your attention
thereto, and especially ask your approval
of the contemplated attempt.
You are aware that Congress at its last
seion graeted-uahe NavaApp:6p'ition
bill M.tra pay ( perdiem) to thwr officers,
and double pay to sailors and others, serr
ing in the Pacific during the Mexican war,
aind up to the 28th of September, 1850.
This allowance was based uipon the sup.
poisition that the officers of the army sery.
itng ini California had received the same al
I wance by previous acts of Congress,
when, in fact, this extra pay bad only been
grai~ted them irom the 1st of July, 1850.
'ihere are a large number of army offi
cers justly entitled to an additional allow.
ance, and for precisely the amne resons
which have induced Congress to grant, it to
the Navy, and especiaHy thosewho served
inere suiisequent to, the first of Januuary,
1t84t, when thboy were rompelled to pay the
ust exorbitant prices icr the necessaries
of hfle, lhaVinag nio alternatave,- and no mie.sns
of leaving the country like the officers ni
the Pacitic squadron, who could have. left
the coast ci (Caifurnia and gone to a cheap.
I hive been r-ieetd hy a number of
officers stationed in Taes to solicir your
co-opeoraimn mn carrying out tis desiraail
object, by conitmbuting,- in the event of suc
cess, the propiurionaalue perertuin agreed
upon by them, nr. five or tenr per cent.
cin the amounmt that may accrue to you as
a remuneration for services rendered.
Your concurrence is therefore requested ;
.and it is understood that it there should be
a rainure, which, however, is not anticipa
tedi, :so charge of any kind shall be made.
tsobeittmg your iaainediate attention and
early reply, I remain, very respectful iy,
your o edieiit servanit,
SAN DIEGo, 20Jth March, 1854.
My Dear Charles :-I have received
your moudest request o1 the 14th of Janua
ry, ihat I will give vum five or ten par cent
oi any sum that (.ongress na hereafter.
en its iinite benetdaence, appropriate to
my relief, a request which you state you
,ioade to ine at the inistance of "a number
of officers stationed in Texa."'
For the benefit of those gerntlemen, as
well as yourself, I have asked Mr. Amnes
to print your letter and ray answer in the
world-renowned San Diego HeralId--the
only method I see of cosninicati ogwith
your advisers as a letter directe t--a.
number of officers statiobeii in Texas,"
might possibly never reach them through
the ordimary channels.
Upon mature reflection, of nearly five
minutes, I have come to the conclusion to
decline acceding to your proptasal. This
decision has resulted f:om several consid
Li' the first place, I don't know you,
Cnarles.. I never heard of you boeo In
all iiy life. To', besure, I see your card,
which you so kindly enclosed, and which
niy wile has just stuck up in a corner of
the cracked looking glass that adorn, oujr
hunmble chamber, that you are a general
agent, (wh;ob may be a new military rank,
ion aill I know, created with the Lieuten
ant Geinerascy; snal if it is,!I beg your pr.
dlou and touch my hat, for I have a great
respect for rank.) anid a nutary pubhi- annd
that you live on seventh street, opposite
the t)dd Fellows' Hall. (Why not move
a, ross the street ?) But all thIs does not
amiount to friendship, intimnecy, or even
coinmsn acquaintaince ; and I declare,
taharles I do not even knne now whether
you may not be seine design4- person,
who. -eeing that a bill is hike j.pasa for
the reltef of certain distreso officers,
seeks to levy a Jittle black madl--.say five,
or even ten per cent-on Ot scanty pit
tance, ,,nder the pretext of having influen
ced Congreus in its humsane decismoon....a
thing. ihati believo all thme general agents,
noar lde.IkiadI imaan amiran
ern, and commissioners of deeds, that ever
lived opposite or in Odd Fellows' Hall
would fail to accomplish, had not Congress
made up its benevolent mind to do it with
out consulting them.
Second. Why should I promise to give
you ten per cent. of that allowance ? (Oh
don't you wish you might get it 1--I hope
I shall-) You say you have made an effort
to get it for us. .Ah, Charles. I lose and
honor you for doing so if you have, but
how, when and where--tell me, where
did you make the. effort? But. if you did
so what of it ? Perhaps--startling thought
-you will be writing to me for "five or
ten er cent," of that humble income !
Don t try it. Charles ; you wouidn't get it,
I assure you.
As to your making an effort, that's all
nonsense.- Everybody makes efforts now
a-days Everybody that I ever read of,
except Mrs. Iombey, made an effort, and
if my grandmother were to die and leave
me a thousand dollar., you might with
equal propriety inform me that you made
an efl ,rt for that venerable person's decease
and claim "five or ten per cent." of that
amount of property, as to humbug me with
your making efforts to influence C' ngress,
who, as I said before, I solemnly believe
independent of all the efforts of all the
notary publics in all Washington.
From these two consideratiuns, I con.
elude that you have no claim or shadow of
a claim on me, but that your proposal Is
merely a request for charity, to the amount
of "five or ten per cent." on the small
mum that you, living in Washington, and
watching the signs of the times, begin to
believe Congress is going to allow me.
This charity I shall decline bestowing, for
three good and sufficient reasons:
lot. I am very poor myself.
2d. I have a fanily to support on 889..
83 a mouth, which isn't such a tremen
dous income in a country where flour is
thirty dollars a barrel.
3d. I'll see you-first; giving you
full permission to fill the blank with any
kind aspiration for your future welfare
and happiness that may occur to you, and
that you may deem appropriate.
Farewell. Charles; remember me kindly
to " a number of officers stationed in Tex
aes when you write. Invest properly and
judiciously the " five or ten per cent" you
get from them-in your future efforts for
get me, and remember to
"Be vir uous and you will be happy."
Adieu-Yours respectfully,
GE. H. DEnur, Lieut. Topog'l Engin.
eers. To Charles De Selding. Esq., Sev.
enth street, opposite Odd Fellows' Hall,
General Agent. Notary Publics Commis.
sioner of Deeds, and U. S. Commissioner
for all the States in the Union and else.
where !
To Ele People of thle State.
The following forms of petition to the
Legislature are recommended to obtain a
law to submit prohibition to the people.
The members of the Central Committee
residing in the different distriets, counties
and parishes, are requested to have peli.
tions.prepared, and to set. about having
them signed both by men and women, ac.
cording-to the forms below.
Chairm:-.n : tha Ceiatral Committee.
(No. 1.)
To the Honorable the Senate and House of
Reprsntgiws of, the Statt of South
Caro Thuz:
The undersigned citizeans, desiring the
repeal of the liquor law, and the prohibi
tion of the manufactOre or sale of .n-oxcat
iatg drink or as a beverage, respectfully ask
your honorable bodies tot the panssage of a
law, whereby the will of the people may
be ascertained. This is dlone not that the
people should enact the law, (which they
admit would he une~onstitumtional.) but that
you, berore the enactment of such a law of
prolubition as is desired, may know that
it has its foundation- in the convictions of
the people,-and- will therefore be sustained
(No. 2.)
To the Honorable the Senate and House of
Representeativ'es of the State:
The undersigned, mothera. wives and
daughter. of the penplo of the State, a p
priach amost respect fully your honorable
bodies, anheg leave to state that they
are great sufferers by the use of intoxicat
ing drink on the part of thu men of the
The dram-shops of the cities, towns,
villages and country places are the charnal,
houses whvre are found crushed and deat
many of their fondest hopes and expecta.
They would respectfully ask that the
queiition of prohibiting the manufacture om
sale of intoxicating drinks as a beverage
may be left to a populIa? vote; so that you,
being thus informed of the people's will,
nay conform to it, and make the hearts ol
the mothere,- wives and daughters of thc
laMv to teesp with joy.
iLP Other papers will please copy.
HUSRA FOR Yi'UNG A M EnicA --A grand.
mother, and her little granid-daughter
about six years old, being in conversatiori
about marriages, &c., the young hopeful
put, some right saucy questions to the old
Among others, the child asked her grand.
mother if she (the child) was at the wed
ding ot her aunt B.. who wan married sev
eral1 years before the child was bnrn.
No, stys the old lady, drawing up het
spectacles and smIling at the innocent
simplicity of the child asking the question.
Well, says the inquisitivc young one,
was I at aunt Z's marriage ?
Yes my ch~ld was .the respo.ise. But
Yermng America not satisfied at this, put a
questIon to the old lady that dumfounded
her completely for a while. WVell, says
the child, was I at Ma's wedding? At
this the old lady was as before remarked,
for some time dumfounded. She, however,
at length recovered sufficiently from her
surprise and confusion, to say rather
tpareateningl y, no, you little acamp, you
were not. The little one not noticing the
threatening aspect of her grandmother, se
riously and rather onmplaininly remarked:
Just like Ma, always leaving us children
at home.
OURdMinisTaa yo MExico-Ae learn
that the United States steamer Fulton,
Capt. Mitchell. left Norfolk for this city
yesterday mnorning, and will arrive hero to
night in order to convey General Gadsden
to Vera Cruz, on his way~ to tha Mexican
capital. Shd will leave this city with th~e
Genmeral o-. Saturda morning. Jib will
be accompanied by Irs. Monk ,the mother
of John 8. Crippe, esq., . our Mlexican lSe.
rotary ofLegisl ation,' -apt. Mitchell was
in command of the f'ulton, at Ihivana,
when rho ofgeers of the Black- Warrior
took refuge fro 'nhe. Spanish- authorities
on boM~?f h otmer.- Charleston-.ou
"I Bless God said Dr. WVatta,
t~ue bt:g .ax'ousi wistiborw
~ ~put
(a dd sitele esttl- r
The Fatshions.
PARie, AaRIL 17, 1854.
The fevorito styles of garments this
Spring are pelises, nanteiete, with two or
three flounces and short cloaks resembling
the Talma. Felicien mantelet forms a
scarf cut low in the neck ; the material is
taffeta with a figured ribbon, forming scol.
lops, and ornamented under each row with
deep fringes of two colors to match the
ribbon. The Pepita mantel is of silk,
trimmed with plaid galloon and fringes,
with an open work heading ; the body of
this mantel is tight to the figure, and the
deep flounce has large plaits behind. The
Chevruese mantlet is high to the throat,
and close at top; this garment is fashioned
of taff'eta, and the edges are cut in large
festooned scollops, with an applicati n or.
nament in each; the scollops are bordered
with striall Tom Tumh galgoons in ruches,
or with several rows of narrow fringes
placed one over the other. For this style
of ornament, a g' eat many plaid fringes of
bright colors are employed. The orna.
ments of all these mantelets are extremely
various. They comprise ribbons, passe.
menterica, ribbons and lace. Embroidery
is also notch in vogue. A pretty novelty
of this kind, and which is likely to meet
with great success, ts the embroidery exc.
cuted in straw, or in a mixture of straw
and silk, on taffeta of all colors ; on sum. -
mer garments the effect is charming.
Dresses of plain Irish poplin are very
comme elfaut for the street. The corsage
is plain. high, pointed in front, and fastened
down the back. When gray in color, the
front of the skirt is trimmed with a light
maroon, plush or velvet, ornament en ta.
blier; that is, wide at the edge of the skirt,
and gradually narrowing towards the
waist. The corsage is encircled with the
same velvet, narrow at the waist and wi
dening upwards. Eight large bows of eat.
in ribbon are placed at intervals from the
top of the body to the bottom of the skirt.
The sleeves are plain, open at the wrist,
and ornamented at the top by bouillonnes
of the poplin, separated by bands of maroon
velvet.-N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
IEr Fhe following is a r-hort history of
a union dissolved in San Francisco :
Married Jan. 19th, '54. Quarrelled on
Feb. 20th, '.54. Petition for Divorce filled
by plaintiffon Feb. 24, '/ . Defendant's
answer filled same day. Referred same
day. Report of Referee recommending
divorce filled Feb. 2;th. Submitted to the
Court same day. Decree rendered and
parties divorced Feb. 28th, '54.
A critic, ungallant enough to tell the
truth, says that the most awkward thing
in grout of all creat ion is a woman trying
to run. They can't do it. They are not
a running institution-except with their
tongues. If there are two arrangements
in the world that were never made for
fleetness on the pedal, they are women and
A new organization, which promises
cnmpletely to overshadow the "Know
Noti rgs," has recently been effected. in
New York. The New order is called the
- hav eNothings." The pass word which
gains admittance for ti'e initiated is, "Ary
Red ?'' to which the reply must be. after,
an honest examination of the packet
"Nary Red"
Knowledge is not wisdom; it is on.
ly the raw material from which the
beautiful fabric is prodtieed.
A Gnae AnD NOVL. ETkRPraSs. We
publish in our advertising cohtini a mrngnifi
cient Gift Enierprit'e. (the th~ird of a series,)
started ins New- York by Mir. Perham, who has
been long arnd favorably knavn throughout the
North and East. An examination of it wili
present features that commvnd it to the atten.
tion of every man, womian and chid in the
community. We have onWy to sa'y that the
former enterprises of this indecfatigahle mana
ger have been , haracteiwed by the ureater
fairness, and given ibe utmost ,'atis~faction to
all conervnd. S'hd in ?ouv ordets for Iel'1kets
as early as possible, as they will undoubtedly
be taken up in a short lime.
HIollowby's Pils, thc eait Reniedy for the
Cure of Dropsy--Eztreet of A-letter from Mr.
P. Williami, da'ed Mielford. Mfarch 1, 1852.
" To Prefessor Holoway.-Sir,-eehng grate.
fut for the benefil may wife has derived by the
use of your Pill.. I cbnsider it'y'duyito infona
you ofLt Soon after the birth of her last ebild,
her feet and aneales began to swell, and after
wards her whale body. strofly' indicating
dropay, this oc. ured at the tuln-oftlife. I-ob.
tsae the best meelical advice, but her health
continued to d'ine. I then' tied your Pills,
which I am happy to-say ha'vs rdstored her to
sound and perfect health."
M A RR IE D-On Thtursday everning the
1ith inst., by the Rev. Donald McQueen,
*A. WH:TE Ja., and Miss ELIrzaseTn A.
second daughter of Dr. Thomas M. Dick
all of this Distric t.
Departed this life, at 'his residence in
Sumter District, on Saturday, the 14th
inst., John Rhame, after a protracted and
painful illness in his 69th year. The de
ceased was a kind husband, father, and
neighbor, a fast friend and full of benevo.
lence, though firm in his opinion. and open
in his conduct. He was for more than 30'
years a consistant member of the Baptist
Church, and died in good standing in that
Branch of the christian church.
Mr. Rhame is another toss of the old'
citizeis of our community. Thny are fall
ing around us like autumn leaves. The
example they leave is worthy to be follow.
ed by those who survive them.
The noblest work of God is an -honest
man, such was Mr, Rhamne. His death
was that of the christian and though now
beyond the, joys, hopes, pains and toils of'
earth, he is in a better world. Peace to
his ashes!i
DIED.--At-his residence near Camden,
Ala., on the 27th of A'pril last, WILULAM
M cDOWEIL4 Sr., aged about 72 years.-'.
Hie wvas from Darlington Distrie t, South
Cristadoro's Excelsior Fludm
The'claims of this extraordiftary arliels to
publie estimatlin, are not based-tupon the titme
that it baa been beo the world. It is com.
parnatively a new' preparation, foundled on new
dhiaooveries In chemistry, and It has inaugrula.
ted a new era in hair dyeing. What are Its re
commendationsi lst,--tt changes the h air of
any obnoxious color to nature's ' acok or brown -
in fite minutes. 2d,--Ilt assin'lilatos with the.
hair, and nourishes instead of-burning ii.
3d,--It is onounc ed by emuincet hint'its the
only safe bair dye known. -lth,-.It is imp~s.
elete to name an instance of its failure. 6th..-It
has the-widest popularity e'ver -pt acorded to
a simillar preparation. F'or 'theo establshsalt
of-these asrit)on5 b~y prouf.'es ther testitdchy
at Catisn oo's, 1%r 6 Astor., wherdit
ts manufhetuted, eI, auil applietd privately.
)r~upobc,$. hRJUEa Tu~o
DVussa. thmtuwtvids V6-'

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