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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, June 21, 1854, Image 3

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W*L. V'li' SUMTERtVILLE, S. C., JUNE 21, 154. 4.
Every Wedn etsdiy Jorlaiuig
Lewis & Richardson,
TWO DOLLARS in avn:utce, Two Dollars
and Fifty Cents at the expiration of,:ix niontlis
or 'l'hmree Dollars at the enil of the year.
No paper ditontintIed until all arrearages
are r.uIn, Utuless at the option of the Proprietor.
-'? Advertisemetrs inserted at S1EV ENl''
FIV I Cants per s ntare, (12 lines or less,) t'or
the first, and half tat sut for ench suth.eginm.nt
insertion, (Ollicial advertisetents tIh same
earch time).
- " . Th irtnumter of insertions to he marked
en all Advertisements or they will be publishedi
until ordered to be tlisconti'inted, and char;ed
- KjiY ONE DOLLAR per sqmare for a singlo
insertion. Qnuarterly and Monthly Alverti se
tnents will he chargii the sate as a sittle ir.
sertion. aond senti-tonthtly the saine as ne w unet
For the Banner.
To tle Citizens of Clarenudon
Coun mty.
A cotimmituiieation under the signa.
ture of " Wesley " appeared in the
Banner of the 17lth May, prnpo-ising a
eries of questions to the candidates for
the next Legislature ; and as I, among
others otetepy the position "1of a can
didate for your sufliatgcs and;I cotli.
deuce," and recognize yout right to
know my opinions tttot all inatters of
political or district iiterest, I shal pr1o.
eed to reply to the qu1estions prtoos
et ; and int a way as 1it icf inid cmitipre.
hensivu :s mry ability will allow tmc
con idering their very w ide natitte, ani
the great intricacies anld dillicultics
whicb suorroun I them. As a citiz'ett
myl i'self of the coutty I have lin- fet
the necesssity of having oee or more
ivorable and eligible places of tratsit
to our markets acro ss the Santee
Swamp and river, I ain nuare that
Ihere is no sectiont olf the State so alt.
tetly deficient it tit ins gr at convenience
and necess:ty a: ().:r own. f> eep1t by
lahilroat there is no safe and coitveni
ent crossiig to t nr Iri:iket.s at a l sea
sots of the year. frini tile town of
Camden to the inouth of the Santee
river a distance I believe oi not less
that one hundred aid thirty muiles; st
that a large po rtionlt of the State, as
fertile and tiiviIg, as anV par t of it
(if' not tnire so) is altogetber dmjteend
utt uipotn the Iailroad fur all cotntiu.
imealiatin direct or in Iiteet. with the seat
of givernn it Uand th e nietropulis.
'ihe Ieaiirtatd owing to its rinittettess
1rtm mattny of the localities, retedies
unly to a partial extent this great in.
cotenience-an inottVeile. e so
great indeed as to aitmoumit tV a positive
evil ; to say nothing oftet itiposibii
ty of the planters availinig th, tits'lves
of high prices inl the tomat kets owing tm
the teertainty and tardiness of the
trtsission of thi ir prtduc: to tar
kt ; under ciicumii-:tiices -m _-.net r: Is
antd briefly stated, I -hai! f el i m,'I
tinder the strongest obligations .id
I he honored by your coutlienitc' to use
all of the exertitions in mlly Iowe1'r, to
remedy this oppression arid burt ien
stpmle conditiot of things, by enideav~or
ing to procure fromuI the State assistance
to cus ruct, or it' practicable re cn
struct, a highway wiich wtill at all
times allow of travel across it; atid by
latving renewed those ciarters for fir
ries which have expired ; tid if the
convenience of our people requires it
to obtain charters for others.
To the fitrst distinct questiotn, as to
whether or not I amt in fatvor oft giving
thte election of'electors for' President
and Vice-PIresidetf to the peoplem, aind
ini what moude, I beg le avie to answer
that htavinig the highest respect anid
v~tnerattion lot' t he pi cetent pliiticali or.
gianization of ite State,. I ami un wilIling"
htasttly to atdvocate anty mneasuire, which
would tentd to dist~orb the balanme's of'
governmrlent uinder' which we ate now
so happily ruled, I att therefore OP.
p'osed to giv'ing the elemtiont of electotrs
by general ticket tot the people be
eieuse I r'egard it as the first step to
wards at radical ebtange in the whole
system. Tlhfe qutestiott of' representta
tion by population anid *xationt, is the
chief gr'ound uipotn which the peopl of
the Southern States areC(tt copelled to
con tend for thiir euality by r'ept'esen
tattiotn in the Federal counctii; and to
abandon thaut principle ourselves is to
abandon Otte of' outr chief' saeguards
ir thte great queinstions~ now petnditng be
tweeni the Northt amnd S.uthl,.I conttend
thieref'ore that to give this electioni to
thge peopie by a general ticke't will bo
irtually to destroy the polhitical infi
enece of' a large pot'tionr of the State, arid
place the potwer altogether ini the hiandas
of the uippet' distr'icts. At the same
tijne I f'eel the expense arnd inconivei
e4neie resulting to tire Slate f'romn hold
mgt' ani extra sessin of the Le'gislatur-e
Once ini four' years for' the~ 1)1rp'ose of'
castingm. the vote of the& S'tate. Tlo ob
vite this objection the conitstituttiont
nylgit be chtanged so is to convene the
Leigislature earlieri thzofall andi thus
eambrtace thn pet id appointed by law
f' easmting the votei ol' the Stizite; nour
g'UrN this bu objedtIosalde in other
j~hdti of "vie w. '"Thlao nao& ext
complaints of hasty and imperfet leg
islation owing to a want of time to
mature the bill beflre the house and
pass them, into laws in a form as per
feet as they ought to be ; and that
much that is Uamandcd by the country
im the way of Legislation is thrown
aside *ir the want of' time to consider
them. With regard to the election of'
electors by the district system, which
preserves the relative position of
the upper and lower country, in my
opinion it is too complicated and cum
brous in its operation to work well ;
and I am therefore at present not anl
advocate for a change.
To the second interrogatory I would
reply, that except for very especial and
cogent reasons in particular instances,
I shall be opposed to the divisini mf'
the large and populous districts, of the
State into small election districts .
involving in a very eminent degree the
destruetion of time priesent systemn o
checks and balances in the State which
n i-w so h:ppily govern us, which are
refered to in the answer to a prey i is
:d. With regard to the present Ii
nancial condition of the State it WouId
be exceedingly di iieiult to trace out the
incidental 11:md rem ote causes wi ichi
have led to the present stringency in
the Money markets, both in this State
:md of the union. Perhaps over t radiig
in the first instance and subse'quently
the disti bed and unertain comndlitjiin
of' Eturopean afleirs, in which Englanid
with wihouim we hold the most exte
siVei conniIrrcial rehations, is deejly
involved have both contributed to pir
tuce these result,. PIeIhaps al-o, we
have ourselves inicreased the pressure
as Ihr as t his State is concerned, by the
establishiiienit. recently of a numnber of
new ba:ks which creatud a nceessity
6hr the 11:aink of the Siate and the Jon,
establIished and well eond ueted bank s
to restrict their diseoints to siuel .n
extent as to cut off the usual accii
inluations from our own citizens and
thlereby j:revent tine in 6ile~ill
icilities for trw' Ic aini, basiiiess at
iiaine, which are lecessary in older to
licet engagenenmts entered into during
a period of an abundance of ioney
and great c 1nie rcial prosjerity.
For this I know no ren mudy by legis.
la titon. Prudence amid industryi are
ini my judgrient the oinly re-eleial
agen Is, to relieve us frum preseiint emii.
ha;,rrassmients. I shall be tijioppoed t~
ally fu rt her incre&ase inl tle nlllniber of
lBanks in time State, as danugerous to a
sound clrrncticy, and to the true pros
perity of the pe'jple.
To lte 4th ilterrigatory I reply
that I am :ligetiher indisposed to sat
rifice the interest of the State fo0r the
beielit of lRailroad tArporation.-i or an-,
"tler - iii omopolies.'' I do not believe
however, that the Legislative assembly
is th' jr'per tribunal to judge of the
m iingeiienlt, of ellan ters or ti t lIe x.
tent of injury to life ;nId proptert),
but that all these are pri ope'r y refera
ble to the courts of Law to determiie
the nature of, iid the extemt of daina
ges. But I ant of Opinioli also that
their charters shoul he so aiimenled
under the Act ofi 1841 as to create
greater securityv to lives mal propcrth
cominiitted to their chai1rge il order to
hold themi to stricter obhligationais, to
discharge the duties which ther virt -
ally promoise to the public; and ''Ihic
are now greatly disiegaided ini the
iiatnnter iin whiichi they ale ait i resent
coinducted. Aimy wh lolesoime riniledlv
ihr existing evils as connected witIh
Railroads, wic iih shialI be biroughit
itaoit ini conformfity to law .ant a
proper regard for vested rights wiill
receivye amy cordiaul support.
5ith Qustion, I'ubl ie Educatiaoni, I
hold1( to bec of' paramonunit, iiportanice,
and no0 StaLte is iiijumred or inmpmi eri-sn
cid, by atfhoiding [lie means of aeiiiring
kiiowvledge to [lie poor. I aim iin fiivor
(if t f:e ex peiiditure of the ha rgest
a~lnounlt foar the educae~tioni if the ci ti.
zeus of the State ; proividedt al ways
that it is oxpendeid ini a mi annter so j
dliciouls, as to produce results adei juate
to the sum d isbursed~ I believe, however
that, the present system is altogether
delectivye, that the amioutnt of good re.
sultimig from it is b~y no( mieans satis
feetory. I shall feel myself call
upon therefore to suifpport any palati by
which the present free schlool systeii
will be iimproved and miade to produce
results which will tie more satisfhetory
than at presenit to every frienid ofedu.
cation ini the State. TJhme poe of a
State is ini piroiportion to the educationi
of all classes of her voung citizenis.
The rich have the jiower to educate
themnsel ves-thme pour are dleendent,
umponi a proper systemi establ ishied by
the State for [lieir benefit. No systeii
now exists which can fu rnish a Ipropecr
edcahiition for the poor. T1his ought
not to be.
6th. With regard to a chango in the
present Judiciary system I can only
reply ingeneral terms. I am- consor
vativo in a ll of' mmy- notions ofgovern
mient, andl unless chaniges are very ob
v'ious mniprove'meitts I 'an opposed to
the'm, Chbail in tis brheneh ofr thm
gov'(r4141It \'h41 l I it 4 is tl hit ention4414)
ofi'a 4111 t la142 4w gi \'42i . to4 Make1(.~ ide
pen'ldenlt init! a'1i.:chiaige of' their 1liL h
be mlade' w~it iii.ti at care anid a 4'4,u4i
able d, 4V4'j.4* ., Ihw itic. lint it' ini
the discI4;4.rgc of thi' iI:,iies which mayz
hereafter he2 iii". imn f4i4 c a IC 1 2I1ig4
cani be, 1{Ma(1e iii(1444.i'ii 1to theL c(.44ve.4444
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Uecinlg ye~ars ! Let the coimfplromise
qjuestioni be definitely settled; let Slave
1"y Agitation ceaise, fo~r "" /die's
A.] lulire fur 1551 tellis u1S the~y will
be lfitii l) toi our .iiitstie peac'e ! Anid
lit( not Zi alldel tltett'il tilt WOc-i Oft
L'racccee \\vlitterc upon tlie solar eclipse
of* 1817i, wit th Ile dleath of athle Eiiipe.
l't r of' A usil'i, anud ofC L ouis j'hifj ljj
;'!] thle ('(intu.-e inusu rrectionaR. i\a t.
I linit, th 1 fl Iajisbu agl was W5old, orI the
()ieaus ga~atywill d u asieal or -hat
the i u ! I oili gs- a l sr-cell sioli hard iieen
Har~d ye'ars farevicai..y is the flowe'ry
l~and a ul* at, but thatt ther-e e velt s wvere
jli('giiost ic':ted by hilt stars and lore
-iaacaia "~eud iniitlie- tetl ijse. lie wvarneid
; ..reloi-e !,) Z:cd kid. wviot has pacied
ii~ aist itilulie t his lar-i tx het ise ve, aid
thus read- the fate of :Amei'ca ini tle
.laint(((o I clipsa' (/1/a' . nn, tII ii 'sv/c
int/ba ill .ld1triC(t, : .8.t h.,; . 6.a., Maey
26a. 1 ,351./Jan i,,fl inl tat (Jdqy.
p his IredI, defe.n'L of' the (t elta'r
Li''ht of i leave((i Will lie of a marat
I lalikie 'I au.;*:vr, for the v"et,
ii' a'eiat (It the i'J ii a(c iS that cal tit'
-'UitI"i c'lajyiliciaiii wia ti lthe evil 1a;iiht
di ailu "11:wr suni, d1aoia, will Saituiri
I I ii all thee lie i. mid" ill the lath
.iii iit e of Lthe Gt Ii dlegree of the signi
(.JL'iii ii, \ cicli 1.11! es A n erica. Sut
at jpuaiaauaieiuai d. 'e, ;tut o~tcur ill ihlai',
eeutl i ie..--pcti i:: js lhts lieve r I tfoic'
tt~t~ ii 1a~ie ". At t he time we lines
.rcutry rller ''t,!e eclipsre, illhi
.' ca 4 C.Lraii ;t i)taR-!JI isajlare thctcea
Iii''... the: il dL rtjj* e. v" Vi.,. A. tilt
't"i 1 itait'iL' tit eclifatie ea,'Iaiiae.
taat. .1lj aaj'at~ hils "i1 till Itawar'1 anaeaii
:111 txaaetLv, aind Vt'i'>s is f'iiutd dt'er'd-af
ilug Ilualaa~ the \\ estei a iaoaizuto. tbria
.l fi'aitlhl siajlaire taa tileg get aa"' faituzie.
t.i iii".i:,e1'.'a.". liluaLtc t : tat tli'
IleaL'vi: Izilets i tile saaVeiei-1 wvill
(Greatiei. U rent CAlas! for the
:tftaa ut a~ be v'i.t:.-d by t he a v(*4r 'a.
11.: c-u1. .. their iiatatiil iiaajat.ii V Is
ilu. 1 ii! c" ' tof the cruii..a ;1i1.1 t' il.
at'oa Iii ts Dll <ave liat; idaied his
.Mtaier~ ! Il h "i hu-f arl S) 5;eii shal
CeaISe ; (ii t. at wdlhie! ai ft:i fl straty.
r.,,i.iit; ~villy, i Ii aa 1 e.. tlte uaIirhat\
' \:(altei \' >ia..a', ,hlal tlcea!:e to pieces
;.its siaal i,i . gal J iiitl.aa~ ti' \Vzi,a
tatolai, \t It l' the I atal (atitlt of sla-.
.,1' hiis 'a u at- Citlti-vs iiItI'i~ui,
-tit,; oil: iaajiaa'' ill tlt i iialastal lie
I 6efi.tiaa. ii~t. \ ta faa-tao e thiis cte1h(:s
A-1.1!1 en' it. r Ile--:., ? vur Sat;.an
trVe ilt .'''-'~1 ealllutid slush
if. aau I like~ n;tter-- it f l-r&c if a' stei ii
.-!aaai Ihe tent .a-iaiile-----ttea taft. I il:
alt litil I-C. 'j he ,'li:iI lat ii itii bled ad
fiae'i cruelty la"ita i he 1. 'iler t.i ,
shall I. l Il e heel of' the a altr ar's-tor
thear vaxiattel hia.aiciaa u , cutaL~l
e:l--civil t ;it will rage!, ill.-' neta.II
f.1'. silet',- !I1, lii~t v.- ( tit naiLrr tat the
tL. han:. l lit' ' itae Wail d's !etiliaaia
wi'.ll lbc. dla " t ite ah"tr"iif t of
thle jacaw'er u! Ile; A llri.aeu lt a "a- bja.
Loainits Itri arti a Pi'tI'.,x Na i!l :11.,a
fr'eal t~atiai the stail of Diru1 tlttiL .Sa'
'.c I
4,4a. 25a, Iif of1 Ulne, alid Os]'ce iatll thej
1 ",t ill :;itf'ttiu )i. ;, vi l I e I L j 'iri Is at haeli
lieua et-u--a: \111 {l ,"-.. to \\ ore ; hlitn
thief el:k ts wi I IIa. tc-l ill file sjie. of
i ;. 'a aid Lt-'it l"eb 111:1 rv r:ieat ;trd
-ill tI Ia the -eeiiac.,f" Ile~dtiaiitl ill
that, tide. Nut till Itwo \a ears sall
gi': t :oa ee I aef( faaIt S iI~
very many thousand, will it call to
another world. I regret exceeingly
to see that it is so near the birthday of
t iniighty imionarch,
England will have cause to weep !
I apprehenid also some nad attempt
on the inviolability of old England's
(onaOi., diring the reign of this eclipse,
or other insult to the honor of Eng.
laud's flag: it will be avenged. An.
cient authors say that an eclipse of the
Sun in the face of Geminui, "causeth
dissention atong priests, inveterate
hatred and seditions, and a contempt
of both the laws of God and man."
No'rthcrn Philanthropy.
The outery raised by people in non
slaveholdinug S:ates against slavery
ulnposesi upon Ito ine but thernselves.
Ale Noir thern mn bcit better than South
ern '? Are they inore iiinnane, merel
Iuil and generous 3 Is huran nature
Notrth of \atlasi and Dixon's line a
diflurentt thing froull luinaii nature
South of it ? WVhv should people be
110re c0111passitiiate anid miore be.
nevoulent t here thin: they are here ?
\Vhat makes them so ? And how do
they show it ?
Did they ever hold slhves ? What
has becoine of those slaves? Did
they g'ive f them) away ! Not it bit of
it. Beifore te iri law abolishing sla ver
weVnt into opeiatiu-whichI ~'as nat
till sla very cca-it. to be proftable
tley stold evervitiig black in their
1ses:5,sion to the Southern States.
\\'hat in illustration of disinterested
pliilatntlepy. \Why did they nut set
Us a better- examlfile.
1)id their peo1ple ever have any con
nlexion with the slave trade '? ,lst
uIndoubtcdly. They were the princi
pal run who carried it on. They
itade large fortunes by it. It is a
cerious fact that, until the American
.4:rnment passed laws against the
ale trade, iNorthern philan;thropy
was ne en excited i'onl the sulject of
Southe:-nt slaverv.
1Lave they ever shown their exces
sive eomipassion fur the slave by Con
tributinig the noney imade in the slave
trade, or inl any other way, to his
emi .aincipat 0n N ut it all. Therv hale
built up e'- is.:a fortunes andinmaul
iioth eith- upon s'ave labor. But
I.t keep a tight grip of every dine.
I hey v Il not buy the freedorn of
slaves. They will not aid the fugi.
liye ngr''o who has escaped floun sla.
V e ry. to escaple fa11n staryationi. They
will not oshw ineicy to their own
white peer, munieh less to the blacks of
allot her se:lioin.
Why, then. du they raise s'ch a fuss
ath'ut. slavery I Not because they ire
:more synlipaihising or iore hiumiane
Ithat others. Ir true humt ianity and true
Synip1athv show theniselyes in fruitful
tetds, and not inl barren words. It is
easier to 1ick flaws inl your neighbor's
character thau to refori your own.
.i lorever, the outery against the ioti
nal lavery of tile hIick labourer diverts
at teitioin fit r1om the real slavery of the
Nor't hierni laborer.
.Nort hern aiolition ]s made up of
faiiticism, en. y. hatr-d, and atl un
chiai tab!eN. It is a thiniig of the
hea.I and ft the iney. The heart has
uiotliing to do with it, except in its
u: "t passii'ns. Antip'atlhy to the
iiiaster, not sympi athy wit1 the slaves,
is its ruimg 1n inieildo. Again we saty
i taec by pocrites impose upon thiem
selve's, they impIj ose upon11 no tine e'lse.
Ga vesi'S roa GAinnENiINC ltPflPSES.
--This valuable fertilizer is not yet
hal feupprecialted by sou thern gardenters
As at i.nlnure for poor soils, it is valu
less ; its chief benefit arises fromi its
pow~er of holdi ng and fixing the anunto
inia which uri-os froii imainure atlreadly
inl the soil, and we look uponi any thing
as mnanui e that is fibod for plants,
wheitiher it. com es from the stable or
the swai np. Fromii the sulphur in
Gypsum, it. is a g reat pr-eventative o1
wormls ; g'ardenus well dressed with it
will be exem pt from the cut. wormts.
Young cabbages and t urnipis spink led
with ini thir gernliuiatinig stalte will be
exempf t fromi thie ravages of the green
worlmm. (tuano is doubly increasied in
value by being sowed wVith plaster.
The paist dri suiunnuer has fully (level
opied thie utility of G ypsumi ; whenever
wet alpplied Gypjsumn to thie onions,
E'nglish peas, potatoies, or muelons,
there wo hauve had the finest crops not
w ithstanding the drought. WVe observe
when there has bein nO dew att night,
andI atll vege-tationt looks parched and
(I ry, eherie the Gy psumn has beetn fully
used in the~ gai dein, there is a damp.
ness ini the morning like a dew had
fallhen. It is asserted by an eminent
Northerin lil rticulturist, that. G) psoum
is ptossiti vely injurious to stra w berries;
we have iio doubt but, it stintulates
the vinae into too rapid a growth, and
as we of' the S3outh want :fruit instead
of vine, it ithould be usedi cautiously.
Hlut for garden vegetables, where those
vegetables have any thing to feed upon,
G~1psun is a- gret .promitor oaf appu t
tita 1-v mnist in g i ht. lou m ua n~to .
the roots to take up with their thousand
SiIoshinng A bout.
The Judges often tell stories on the
members of the bar, albeit they are
much oftner the subjects of stories
themselves. We lately heard one of
the fiinner illustrating the propriety
of "letting well enough alone," by the
following anecdote:
An al'riay case was cn trial in the
Circuit (urt of Pike county. in which
some six or eight peace breakers were
represented by almost as many law
yers, each of' whom, in turn, put the
only witness for the State through the
tortres ofa tediouscrosCO e. nfination.
Nat- , a well known Montgomery.
practitioner, was counsel for a big
black looking fellow in the croft d, who
answered to the name of Saltonstall.
As to this defendant, the only proof
which was elicited on the exaritio 'n
in the chief of ihe witness for th-- prin.
ecentiol, was that-to use the peculiar
piraseology, of the narrator--''while
the rest on 'em a cussin'and cieliii'
and pairing off for a reglar r'yal, Sal.
tonstal jest kept sloshsn' about ." ''ire
Solicitor and Nat both conistucted this
to !mean that Salhotistall was only
inovii.g about, druek among the con
batants, and the foriiner lid not press
for an explanation. I'resent ly, how
ever, it cuame to Nat's turn to cro-s ex
amine for his client; and as he had
received quite a haundome fie, con
sidering how things stood, he felt
bouilnd to make sometilng of it 'demon.
strattion.' So q1uoth he, with the air of
the ave::ger of injured innocence.
Come, w itniess, say over again in
what it was that Mr. Saltonstall had to
do with this afllair ?"
" Saltonstall ? Why I've told you
several times. the rest on 'en, clinched
and paired el', but Salozstall, iest
.yt .loshin' abo't.
Alh, my good fellow,' exclaimed
.Nat, quite tesi.ify, 'we want to know
what that is. It isn't exactly Iegal
evidence in the shine yon. put it. -Tell
us wh:tt you rean by 'loshin' about.'
Well,', answered the witness very
deliberately. 'I'll try, You sce, John
Brewer and S kes they clinclhed and
fout. That's in legzal firn, ain't it ?'
" Oh, yes !" said Nat--"gzo on !
" Abney and Blackman then pitch.
ed ;ito .e!!e anvother, and Blackman bit
ofl a pitce of t..bnev's lip-that's legle
too, ain't it 1"
" Proceed !"
" Simpson and Bill Stone and Mur
ray, was all together on the ground,
a1 bitiin,' giougil' and kickiun' one ano
ther-that's legle, too, is it ?
" Very !-but go on !"
" And Salt'nstall made- it his busi
ness to wl:k backwards and forwards
through the crowd, with a big stick in
his hand, and knocked down every
loose mhan in the crowd as fast as he
Caime to 'eR! That's what I call
'sloshin' aiout."
Nat is of opinion, now, that unless
prima fac i case is made out by the
prosecution, on tli. direct examination
of their witnesses, it is quite a: well
for the defendant to was e his right to
cross exainille.
IHOlnoRs OF Ut'ANO T.!1:.-We
have rcceiv-d full confrnatioin of the
horrors reported to be in course of per
pet ratin 'a, in conni.etioin with lthe guano
rayde, at the Chincha Islands. It is
picked up aind wheeled to the shoots,
it apphears, by contract. T1he contrate
t.(r has imip. i ted Chinamen for this
work, nearly six htuedred of whom are
now on these islands. T1hiey are .hired
for fhvo years, at the rate of $48 per
annum. They commence work in the
morning as soonl as thev can see to
work. They have five tons of guano
to dig avnd wvheel to a distance of one
eighth of a mile. It, is all, or nearly
all, so hard that it has to be picked
up ; and if they do not accomplish thes.'
live tons by 5 o'clock p. mn., they are
Iflogged wvith raw hide whips, so~me five
feet lon, reeivingr onie doze sipes,
each of' which starts tho~ blood ; then
they are driven bamck -to fiinish their
work. The guano~ has a very bad ef
feet upjoni them, swelling their legs and
feet. Notwithistainding all theses how-'
ever, iit they onvi get along, they are
compelled to finish their task. Our
iormiant says
"I have known as many as thirty
flogged in one day. They- have no
Sunday allowed withI the excieption) of
one in a year, the same work going
oili onl sunday as -duiring the rest of* the
week. Thec Consequence of this ill
treatmnent is suicidu in varions fa rm
such as leapiing -from the rocks onvi
hvind red feiet high, cutting~ their v hi-oats,
andl burry themselves alive. This last
has actually been the case,- to ay
knowledge. One morning, three yerno
anmid who had so huriede themnsel es;
Iwo were dead and one ahivre. The
last recovered to prolong his miserable
- xiste4nce fur a short time.".
It is timie that. the voice of civiliza
tion throughout the world was heard
in 1 dienc~ian if such horrors as
hs.-.0. Picavanfle
5t'tsrsni DELo DATION.-Th.
have nout travelled in Spain, or w1.
little aequinted with the ntniners
eustons of the country, have all
that all Spaniards are grave and-f
like the Castilian.. - This, howe.v -
far from being the case-:. The rec.
of each provineu are aliost.as
as different nations, having - Ia:
and customs, dress and dialcat; p.
liar to tremselves. This peculiarity I.
doubtless owing to the isolat-ion of the
chain of mountains Which intersect thr
penisula, and cut off intere. .nnunica
tion, as well as the-- fact that fur age'4
these provinces formed separate ani
distinct kingdoms. The rude, boor!;.!
Gallician ; the industrious Catalan ; it,
idle, jovial Ardalusian ; the sly, vin.!
tive Valencian ; and the grave, digni
fied sons of Castillo, differ from each
other as much as the inhabitants of dis.
tinet nation;. In traveling over this
htmeutiful country. upona which tin:t:
has Invished the choicest ihvors, an
which under the rule of R.nns :u
Moors, was a land . flowing with siii...
and honey, the tourist is struck with
scenes of desointiun that every whert
meet the view. le roams over wild
unpeopled wastes, treeless and arid,
where the imelancholy pictuire is often
heightened by ruined eastles and villa
ges, the signs of former prosperity
passed away. The towns -through
which he pas es, are too often ';he
abode of Poverrty and wretchedness'
andu an air Of gloom and sadness per*v:t
des their silent str ets. The scapco.
have lust their tornCi comtmuercial in
portanice, and the silenut guays, on*,:
thronged by a busy- crowd, atle
the decayed condition of the land.
And wherefore,it may be asked, is ti.,
poverty, dcsolatio n and .wretchediei.
so visiLIe i. a countrv which : esse"
advantage tnsurpassd by any in Clir
tentdomn ; where a fertile Suii and ve
variety ot climate- admit of the prdttltm
tions of tiopical and temperate ZiM.
wheLre the bowels of the earth y.
precious metals, coal and quirarries
innmi'erable viiariety of mali ble
fine, with a posit ion m..it fvi e:
Curinerce,-aid a line of.'an'eo
ding in tne harboIre I Ye".
is this beautiful and once
land so -fallen ; 'uer- pe.ople
ignorance, and se far eti... ,
er civilizel iatio an in arts . _.
tore ? The atswer in Ib
these words.-bad gover t.:-;. .
els in Spuin.
The M'.rs. hharpers, of Nev
who recent lV lost aiont A 1,000,i.
fire, but who are still in indept
e rctunstanees-able to re-cume:
operations on an extensive scale
rnenced life jinor boys. - The
York Times furnishes the fol!h
brief history of the career. of the
pers-: . .
"The establishment .of the
was founded by Jamutes Harper
oldest of the four who nowen:
the firm. He cattle to the city in -
a lad fifteen years old, and see
apprenticeship of si* years tmidc
& thomas, the leading printoes -
day. 1His brother John soon. tfi
him, and learned th.' trade of Mr.
S ymour, a Printer in John street. .
1819, with a capital James-ha t saved,
the brothers opened a smnall book a.iJ
job oflice in Dover street. The first
book they printed was Seneca's Mur.
als; the second was an~ edition of the
Methodist Catechism.> Tih66 frst book
they published on their own account
was Locke's Essay - on the - Humn
Understanding. They toiled with un.
remitting industry, and maintained the
highest character for enterprise nd
integrity. In~ 1820 the th r'd brother,
Joseph Wesley, joined them, andl six
years later Fletcher became a member
of the firm. .From that timie till now
they have carried on the - publishing
with a degree of well, directed e:nergy
which has few~ parallels. - They -r
ittoved to Clifi' street about 1820, and
have adds d one buildinig after another
to their establishment as the demands
of' their business required. PTe amnount
of books they have issued- is almost
iaculable. Fur the last, few years
they have publishted, otn an average,
twenty.five volumes amlinutte, for ten
hours a day-atnd from three to four
thousand persons have obtained a live
ihhood fromt t heir employment."
fTe Hlindeooidea-. 'nf hell.is. to ta)-~
thme least, -suiliiently terrific to arrest
the attenition of' sinne's the no st incor
rigible.--"So/ne'say, they,.aru amade to
tread on burnting satids, ort shlp-i--'
god t-tonest thers aro rodlled' amne'
thorns a-id spaike~s anid patr~ifieri fle :
othors dragged aleong the rtghest t
ccs by cords passed thrtoughtl the teetu .
parts of the biodey ; sonie are a~tuck.
by jackala, tigers and elephante ; othe
are pierced with Arrows, heaten w
elubs, pricked with1needles,nSeared*
hot ire'im, a'.-i .n-emneui(ed biv i
liquid firc or builiuo Oln.

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