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The Sumter banner. (Sumterville, S.C.) 1846-1855, September 06, 1854, Image 2

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JOUN 1t. i.OGAN, Eons.
1tT 'W. V. WALKI.., Jun., Esqr., is our
d'uly-ahloinred iht i'n ' >)lu blia. i. C.,
to receive hriil rece'p: for tll sum- due
the Smnfor flnnern. '"
Ed i'rsons W,ainnIIe to see us upon
tbusir'ss connected wit'h the Paper or Law,
tlAri find us at any hour during the day,
t'ept from four to'five in theafr4fioh,
at our office, just back or 8o'.oMons' N'6w
Mare. All businaess'irn n ct'e'withthe
la er insist be -transacted with W' aJAM
I.-wrs, .lite S. Rwcirinnsoy, j'ir,' It. C.
Luhcas. Sir. Rt. C. Ihmt tfieTF'r lann
of ILaner the,' is 'our otly' authorised
Agent to receive-riony ahd give receipts
for the Faine, and may always be found at
the Ilanmer Office. All letters addressed
to the: / wn w ar must be pre-paid to insure
a ttu t t in.
Our UoWkili~l'mfc ' -
Ow i to :ome inisianageteitnt our
usual wevkly dorre.pondence has not
been received.
No- Excu>c.
We have never bef-recilled on our
readers to e:xcuse editorialneglect, of
hich olTence we plad guilty"on 'this
oCasion. The heat' of "the w'lither,
absence of oine of the Editors, indispo.
sition 'of the otir,'&e &cis'ou'r no
Know Aothings.
During the past week missives from
the country have poured in upon us
and enquiries made as the existence of
an order of Know Nothings in Surti
terville. With every disposition to
oblige and 'grant 'information, we are
lor6ci eliii"hiis occasion to say we know
Temperance Meeting.
We are inforhned that there will 'be
a Tetiuperance celebration in our 'town
this evening, on wrich occaion we
ivill be 'fa'redv ith'an addrbse rroin
Mr. 'Y. R. H UNTEvz'Charleston, who
is expected to, and we li'ope w ill pay
us 'at her visit. The'tridn abilities
and cbaracter of this adv'cate o. the
great cause of Temperance promise is
quite a literary feast.
The Military Ball.
We notice that there will be quite a
large Military Dall ;in this plae'e on
Thotrday next given by some of the
youing-entlemuen. A large 'as'mr.
lgeof youni'ladies is ex, ected tea
race the scene of mirtha ;nd pleasure,
v. lie enni pnaas the few hiuis ''i'thgre'it,
enaj'yeilt. A large numiber of vean.
erale :enatrons are also invited, arnd
nmanya ditinaguisheda gent kernen, all of
whenhai it. is homped will attend.
Then W\innsborm' lie~g ster inf:s 'is
a hat. Maj. G.~. J. lIuluhmsaun has rejinedi
hib oflier, wvh ch he 'as hemld 2'10~la.12 and
with so much efficiiv. Ile Yuaay -justly
I e ;ermend a veteran in the service ofihi
4#cttiiag a Sliare t Last.
Them Chiarlesuon Mercury las! glaced
at lie Civil and I) iploaitic A ppropriation
1111i oft the pcaat Sessini of f.ongress anid
finds that the sumi total of .S4-i.,MMt has
been a ppropariamted to works in a nd a long
the coast of Suith f .lina. Not so bad
Th'le Mercu'-n, ad !. ;-.rich :s very true)
thait this go-:a; -. .ho.v how w am4chfuI ouar
reparesentatives haave been oif our interest..
It is somaethaing 1o know thaut we are at
length beL'inninag to get a little oft the ad
vantages oft governament expenditures,
aifter the millhons we have paid into the
commuon treasury. The fact is 'tm a good
thing, aiway. provided we do r1ot become
too fond of tihe 'mpoaIs."
WrIts of"Elec tion
.The Carolinian of'22d. says, that writs
of erection for nmembers of the Legisla
ture lhave been. forwarded to the Court
IQouses in the respective districtsa. The
members are requested to see their being
forwarded to such precinis as have no post
g'- We heard Mr. TraK J. Dzx.
KINS, the Agent at t1e Depot in our
town most positively affirm that after
the ~rst of, $etmbe awould n
loner deliver goods without the easA.
Our'friends, 'near our office, Messrs.
BUTL.ER"& Nzk~iaar, as is now custo.
mary, have u on Aemand of the Agent
paid the cash 'for thieir lar and well
assorted stock of goodis, and'gentlemen
that neever forget the poorediV r's'.t
and will succeed. We woulderna
*~ call the attention of our friend~ and
t e p~ublic generally to call and ern.
mne them. They have on hand all soit
uf'artIceles. We return our thanks t
t'he m athegood treat thery sentto
uon yesterday. We woeg fgvored
with saome excellent champaign, eigars,
Wadies, an sudry other nicetics.
ehappened tobe in their establish.
n/eat and were* shown by the polite
proprietors many fine goods-they
and cheap, and many fancy articles
Our female friends would do well to
look at some of their fancy shuos of
the la:est style, also gentlemeti's fine
rench Gait;ers.
Non: -WW. eoycc
Vi' gr ' ied to learA'that the
Hon. W. W. Boye, our immediate
Representative wif' hoinour us with a
visit on Thursday 'het:' Thursday
Will be a great day with us ?i' cinsc.
quence of the review and parad6 and
theidwill be a great assoblitg' of
ieoplt'from all parts of the District,
a. dl many collected from some of our
adjoiiiv.g Districts, and on this occa.
0'i' we u'i6 w of none whose presence
w-ould hnii ' more than this distir.
guiih'edfcitien l. Suuth"Carolina.
News Items.
There i- established in'Charleston a
monthly periodical called i'" C'h'irles.
ton College Magasirie," nduce.'by
til students o'f'th'e'Charlest'ontoulege,
belorini'ity'to' th' Seiii' r' 'Cldss, and
furnisfied sy "i'equent 'coritr'ibtutions
from tho other riem'bers or tho Collige.
'fiis diiruiiiily 'mnust turn ontEw ell,"arid
pr'ov advantageous On ' all 'aides.
Pro'sperity to them is the 'Editors
wish. -
We see it statej that Capt. Uollins
is rdere i to rey town again with the
C;}are." The 'Atneain Consul, Mr.
'abefs, goes o'ut with him to make a
full'investigation into the amount of
damages dune to the citizens of the U.
States by the bombardment of the
town, and also to take testirnonj siad
report upon thi 'vid'ue' cf 'ii'entire
property 4estrAye. &'
The Columbia, (S. C.) C'arofinian of
Saturday says, eight bloes6 ne'ico.
ton were received yesterday froin ihe
plantation of Dr. ieectze, orf Larens
District, and bought by 'fesirs.
Cathcart & Co., a' 91.2 'ceuts' per
pound, quality gooa mniddling. Also,
tliree bales from the lIantation of Mr.
. B. eetie, of Lexington District,
rd'pnrchase4y i;) zr. -. O'Nealle,
sq., at 9 3.8, quality goo< fair; and six
bales from the plantation ut''Captain
C. BoLokter, of Richland District, and
purchased by R. O'Neale, at? 1. ets.
eluality extra fine."
TnE WAt.-From Vienna the 16th,
it is telegraphed,'. there is reason to
believe that Prince Xlexander 'ures.
chakout this morning notified the Au..
trian Government that as lung as the
Turks are in \Valachia the Russians
will 'retain certain ftrategic points in
the Principalities."
'AuAtria has given up the intention
of p'roposing to-the Germanic Diet, to
put'th~ edurar 1:ii myon a war footing.
There are at present. six hundred and
fory-s prine in g'b IoTuiso of
Ciorrect.ion tf lBstdn, Which' 's 'tiid
larg ar.'ly evure~r etoassen'bled in
'N,.t p! eLant cityv hveinestead.
Among the in vehntions uf the day is
a plow to g'o bsy team. Its construe
Uuni isia ipe: a velv'e pede on wheels
bixteen feet high' and eighteen feett
high. It miay o onviietced into, a
stean land locomotiuaive, anid on a
aothi uini r' ad travel at the rate ol'
t wenty- five rail s an hour. It. cart he
usedl tar vdiris pulrpo~e.. It. is the
inlventionm of Mr. I ienry Cowig, f
Loiin.- 0
Thew British steanmer IBiailisk has ar.
rived at - from the lILtc, avid
bring, the news that Bomarsund sur.
renidered' oii thie 16thg ist, '.\ o thou.
sanid'Russians were takenl prisoners.
Th'le French lust'uie fiu'rdied and six
ty killed.
Ole Bull arnd Maurice Strakosch have
been giving, successful concerts in
lCaliforisia. ~One' occasion they are
said to have realized *1,100 Tl~
former the celebrated violinest unf'or
tunately has taken the fever, which is
thought will compel him to return to
the A tlantic States.
The Governmtent has ordered the
erection of a new and very large iron
foundry at the Navy Yard. It is to
be of brick an put together in a sub.
stantial manner. 'It will be one story
high.' Thfe roof wiil be of corrugated
iron. A smuithy is to adjoin this build.
ing, and hereafter all the'foundry work
required for the' Government in this
part of the conrywl1b attended to
here.-N. Y. Sun. -
Men are said to be. making $*J0,a
day gathering coal in the --bed of the
Ohio Rliver, evn the bar~ poieCn
The celebrated Troupe the Ramnp.
bell Minstrein are now gvn ocr
in (Olumb'ia.giigonr
e. learn from a,private source tha
the contest between iGen. Adams and
Col. Preston is still very warm.
Win. Lettason is appoinsted Secretary
of the Blritish L.egation in Mexico.
ins Portland, Mine. the drought baa
readenw the numn. uselaa...dtinklng
water is 75 cents a barrel, and all the
btautiful elm trees are dying for want o;
Robert J. Atkinson, of Iowa. has beer
appointed third Auditor of the Treasury.
.'The deaths in Satvannah on Thursday
were sixteen; twelve of which were frorr
yellow fever.
A new gold dollar is about to be
issued of about the diameter of a five
centpiece, bearing on one side an Jndi
an's head crowned with eagle's feathers
and on the other a wreath surrounding
tie edrds "'one ol l .r.
For 'th 'Bitnner.
A New and ERfectual way
of $tWM1fing' the -Cars.
A quite amusing aecnd'hapiened or
the Camden Branch of the S. C. '. R.
a few days ago, which we dem war
thy of notice, and though we are 'no
fond of telling stories, the shortness of
it induced us. A gentleman, some
what of a "genuis " from the circum
stance, desired to take the cars at at
irregular stopping place on the road
and going there ho looked tip the road
and saw the engine coming at her usu
al' spie'd. Gtiing upon' t-ie 'uack he
fo'k' advantg'iof ~i rily oppor
tunity, arid gv tiem Ole sig to stoj.
ai is custimary b waing his hand
kerchief in tle air. The cars came on,
he the more wav'cd ls liandkerohiet
The'y sered not to take notice of him
and coming so near to the astonished
fellow without any sign of stoppiiij to
take him up, he was cnmp loed' tc
'clear ihe track, ' as a wise no'tion o
tlai kitid ca'e'upon him. And by hir
Hew th ra'pid engine. ' is Itolit.
tie disappintment the engin'eer and
conductor indulged in a hearty laugh.
hoor fellow he was outdone, and "left
by ite cars." lIdignaiit ho watched
the train for a while, 'but suddenly he
turned as if struck b new idea, and
witji a peculiar nod ofti'e headn mut
terec to mself that he" would fi.
them.! ext day he went and laid
himself across the track. about the
time four jhe cars to pass b; at ,
crazy fool to lay himself on the road
fi'r tie cars to run eve: M.
the cars was heard to rattle over it.s
iron road and were seen in the distance.
Something on the tract was perceived
the vigilant engineer. A shrill
sound from the engine bade the object
retire, for it told that it was near and
would carry every thing before it as
"chaff before the wind." No motion
in the t p.We w mn.ie, the tra, nrl
ed on by' stegmn, drew ngearer,again we
could hear the pcal of the." ironhors&
echo along the wood. The w-atchful
eye of the engineer discovered that ii
was a man on the track ; louder and
louder the whistle rang, but the ohjoc1
was still there. What a time for aus.
pence to the engineer, soon to be.come
(ma~voidab y a rtaurderer, anid the poor1
elbiew must soon lbe crushed. "mnira.
bile die'G:."' And there was the scene
u't ih.>rrible ain dreadf.dl murder, and
soon1 ACe muut see that well.formed
body~ mng nled antd a lifeles cirp'se.
Dak,'e t (Gin'e Ilapiped herI ~ilen el~
aroundl the scejie anfa'it i dr.-'dfTil
ecris . inreth enar ith reat
oif the 3 Ield...'up detArim. gh, hi-, lift
was saved ! Ed he. deliberate~y aris
ineg from huis reLting place upon thi
track jumpe mittu the car and amused
the conduclttor by teliig himt he mcuighi
.:i on with the train.
^Plor tlie BatnnEr.
pasgircama 0 ea1 og
Iths operation w as j e'rforrned but:
few days 'since by D rT. R. UBAs
Friendfield, S. C., and G. WV. A
MelhAE, Etlingham, S. C., atid bei:uf
one so rarely undertaken or executed
within the limnits of our Continent we
deeim it well gortQig pyplication. Tho
ertaother and child are both livir g anl
doing remwarkably gell at tlt~is time
A ugust 28, l,85,4.'
An Eva WITNEss.
FzaE ZN GKonos-row.-We are
indebted to a friend fiar the following~
extract from a letter, dated
"'GE~tO~or, Aug. 28, 1851.
"We had yesterday morning oneo o
our usuanl lzrge. fire, which, has de
stroye'd iproperty to the amount o
about #25,000. 'Instrnie a bout $14,
(100. The entire range ofd luilditg
from WVatermnan's wharf 'to"1iroad
street, and the square o'pposite (excep
Mrs. Lester's Ilotwl, arid the houre a
the corner where old Mr. Waldq'once
lived,) are ' all in ashes. The 'fire
crossed to the house of Mrs. Walker
ieh'(ch' was also burnt, and here it wa
flUslij."'We feel gloomy enough.
Man families withmus hgmes togo to
and ne3 one untoccupted hocuse it
. RIS.FAsngNs,--Tlbe, plaidstyle..i.
mn favor mt lParis'f'or lpd ies dres.ss.
'The "sizp of the sqtares is'extaor'dina
ryg'thiee or fdtar 'p si rpf''nig thi
whi skirt of the d&ess, lresosepTiave
a decided tendenej to 'the hoop fgsh
ions worn by our g.radmsothers;, All o
the new robes, without excptlon, have
in the skirt dress bands of crinoline
and are worn over stiffly starche<
mnuslir. lonna Srtre..e- mmdc
with whalebones in them, but rows of
straw plaits are preferable. Nearly
all the dresses of light materials are
lined with a very thin but stiff taffeta,
made expressly for the purpose -
Itobes of barefie, muslin, silk, or grena
dine, are accompanied' by a petticoat
of this staff taffeta of the same'cldr aft
the dress, and which ismathcjed' In ths
same plaits around the waist. Under
the flounces of the dress i3 put a flounce
of stiff tulle, of the color of the robe.
The United States.
The following statistics' which we
extract fr om the Boston Post, show the
grounds upon which rests the common
boast that " this is a great country:'t
"Tihe thirty-one States, nine terri.
tories, and District of Columbia, com
prising the United States of America,
ar situated within the parallels tif 10
degs. east longitude ahd 48 d'gs., west
of'the neridian of Washington, and
'extending onthe Atlartic coat front
25 degs.; dhd on the Pacilic coast from
32 degs. tb 49 'degs.; of north latilude,
and contain ' a geographida1 -ren of
3,306,805 square iil,'being brt one
tenth less than the entire' continent of
Europe. They c'ontdin a 'pulation
at the present time of 26,QQQ,606, of
whom 21,000,000 are - whiites. 'Th'e
extent of its sea coast, exclisive of Is.
lands and rivers to head of tid4 wiiter,
is 12,669 milee. The length ot'fe'of
its principal rivers is 20,000 iniles.
The surface of its five great lakes is
90.000 square miles. The number of
miles of railway in operation within
its linits is 20,000, constructed at a
cost 'of $600,000,000. The length of
its canals is 5,000 miles. It cont .ins
within its limits the longest railway
upon the surface of the globe-the
Illinois Central-which is 731 miles in
'The annual value of it-i agricial ur
al productions is *2,000,000;00.' Its
must iiluable product is Indian corn,
which yields annually $400,000,000,
and in eurveying the agricultural pro
ductions 'of our countrj, we are not
orily itiuck with th'eir abundance, but
with their great' vriety. ' Our territo.
ry extends f.ritm the' frigid region of
the north td the genial' elinat'e of the
tropics, tTording almost 'every variety
oft'emberature and every variety of
grain' and vtgetable. Her productions
range from the cold'ice and hard gran
ite of the Nodth, the 'gulden corn of the
West, to the cotton riAd sugar' of the
South; and :early il in - sufficient
quantities to su'gipy our 4. mestic con
sunption ana iarnish large supplies foat
exportation, Thus farni.hing nearly all
the valie 'as well as the bulk of our
f(rcign cornmerco; suggesting thereby
the irresistible cu cusion that agricul.
tore is lie great transcendant interest
or upr qoutry, and upon which all
other interests depend.
" The amoint of regisjcred and en
rolled tonnage .s .. t7,010 tons. The
amurnt. oft apital my~ested in ianufac
i~u es i q60 ,qutr0 T1w a npaan . of
its foreign iports in 1853 was $207,.
978,647. and qf expor ts $230,976,157.I
The annual valuie or the pro'dgets'of Ia
o.r (olter th'an aigrcultural) is $1,500,
I000,000.' Tho annia'al value of' its far ms
Iand live stuck is $5,000,000,0,0. Its
mines of gold, copper, lead, and iron
ore, are among the richest ini the Iworld.
The value oftthe gol.l produced in Cali
fo.nia is $l00,000,000 per annum.
The surtlice of its cal fields is 13:3,
132 square mihsa. Its receipt. fiomi
cmustomrs, lads &c., 'in 18.53, were
*61 ,337,'274, anid its expenditures
*43,513,263. Its niational douniain
ce'ni--s utf 2.174,188 squa&r- rniles of
land. fins nat iomnal de-bt is hut *50,000,
000. Theu noinhaler of* i ts bainks, at the
present. tine, is al out 1,100, with ai
b'api tal of 4300'.400,000. WV ithuin her
bole rde.rs are 81.000) '-eh ols, 6,000 ne-.
adcemien, 234 colleges, and 3,S800
chui ches.. Utnly one in tweintyvtwo of
its dh inihatblarts is unable- to real
and w ii e, and] niinaezi oen.f its Lw ent
unie riililiomis of u hiite inhaz~bitany' ar'e
native born.".......
A DSsoLTC PiAace-The St, John
News, of the 21st, hias the mneluacholy
notice of* a visit, to Pourtland onl .Friday
atterno.o,. C) wIai' a chan~ge 'was
there presented smcC ou previous
visit .It was''a sceige , d-olati'on
anda church-yard "stillness-the houAses
wvith their closed shutters and white
blin d4 wii'dows. serTyng als nmnu
meats to. remind us tbhyt the uAngel of
death"ha~d passed with destructijve ra
pidity tbhrought the tenements of this
bi osd 4.yeniu~. 8eacc.ely a hgurnta, soul
was to l~e stcei iu, thge retree-t. A field
piepe m.n~gt have been placed i~n any
situatoui and discharged, asnd, the
chance of hitting any person would
have beeni only one in a thousanid. It
was Portlantd at t wel ve. u', lock a t
night, and. yet t;hp si was in his
mneri~dism,. Tfhe gutters were strewed
with lime, in a yellowish state, show-v
m ig the preparations thamt had beorr
made for th~e terrible scourge. In these.
houses death has been busy. foir the last
6 weeks--unidreds of; ignanoi beings
who inhabited them, iii, whvot veiia.
just, now beat the pulsatigns of lifeand
happiness, are now iti etenity. W hrt
wretchedness, what anguish of headt,
has been the porti-on of almost overy
fatmily in Portland, no pert. can por
Lray, no torigue-describe, except those
mada flnilliar-with it by bitter expe
Tm. Fo0x AND Ton spe53AkDn.-r\
fox stood before a vineyard, whiceh was
well fenced on all sides. 'The're was
ontly one sauli hole in the fence ; oh,
how eager th'e fox was to enter, but, it
- w-as ipssible. And now, what was
She.to~do,? he fasts three days, till he
gets lean enough arid to his great joy
he' enters. Grapes- aft~er grapes are
fpulled off, and he eats and tills hirnself
so much that at last, when he wvants
to leave he finds it just as imrpossible.
IAlas ! he hats to fast again three days,
to go out by the samte place, where he
entered. Sorrowing he looks up to the
vineyard, and says: "0 vineyard,
how beautifully you are, and how de
licious are your grapes, how agreeable
and worthy of all praise is everything
around you. But of what benefit is it.
Just as one came to you, thus one has
to leave yoti. Thus in life."-Para.
bles from he Mafidrash and Talmud.
-. .........
Professor A gazzis.
Frorm a letter of a correspondent of the
South Carolinian, we copy the following
of this eminent naturalist:
While at Nahant we visited the distin
guished' natu'ralit, Agassiz, who, in his
sumrlher cottage, with the cool breezes of
the ocean playifrg upon him, continues his
scientific labors tor the benefit of his fellow
man. We found him busy with minute
t'issections of the actinia,.making draw
ings of the anim:a s which inhabit the
shells'of 'the echind derm'. We had the
pleasure of seeing the ninutd st-tucture
of these enrious specimens' of mdaturd's
handiwork, acid witnessin.rhe' mti6ns of
animials, which are usually' regarded as
liked, because they appear firmly attach
ed to ordinary obser/ere.' The professor
is engaged im the preparation o' his second
volume of his cliusaiflchtton of the animal
kingdoni, und expects it will' intlude the
whore;'id be shortly completed. Upon
ientioning the anxiety which exist as to
the result of his investigation of other s'ub
jects which i~t was hoped would Have been
published 'ere this. -he replme4 that the
true interest of'seiendc' fequired steady,
lung. and minute study-that'' he' ioVer
regretted dela in publi l ilig his latbfr,
but 'fien hadtt. While ''h sulijdei ga'e
hope oobeing furth'er iinprov'ed, he -pre'
ferred'to postpone tiven'' resulte, as rh'ere
description of-facts aid 'plenombna' 'ae
not sccnice-but - teiir it'latiouns, infuien
cs anid efTcts in the great scale ft trea.
tion, are to be conisidtrund and carefully di
gested before they can be pru'erly recor
deJ for prominent use. -
'The naturalists of Europe not unfre
quently occupy six or'seven voars in in
vestigating a single subject, and the effect
is that their results are positive knowledge.
While on a visit to Columbia a few years
since he had the first opportunity-uf study
iug the negro race, and bid specimens of
nat.ve African. to cn'irionce with. lie
has since had frequi-rif-rieans of carrying
on his inquiaiis, and' with satisfactory re
sults. He is thoroughly sat istied' o' the
existence of anatomical charatld's so In:
cultar to them, that there is' a distinctian
from the Cauca:siin, and that the brain is
easily distinguished by narked'characters.
Some of his opinions, ormied from the
ihysical rn'vcltigstiorns, ae lieori given
in r.' Moi' atid "pfh1don's . Types' of
Mankind." d'wor'k vhtih, as tar sc.ence is
concerned. should have been confined to
the scientific and historica inquiry alone
It will- probably be many years before
(his question will be settled.
Ptro,'cepr Ag--.si: !--x: :i .P ha I.
thoug h he snye a typhoia fever in 1T2
has derangcd his ndrvons system, and he
finds tiliat I has not fuhy recovered. His
inertaloccupation SI not as long continued
as before without its fatiguinj( hiin, ani
his sleep has not b.'en ar r4reshinig.
S.nce he has been at Nahant, however, he
is iinioyiii..
We are pleascl Io hear from hin al a
most excellent account of a yuumig Sith
Carolitian fromt um.. ter Iistrict' M-nly
itschardl.on bmuu just graiduated a't Ise Law
hsonor itn the. dep:i'rtrment of engitter'mg..
'1'here are'ithre'hnodrs itual y giv'en. TPhe
third to thotte wh'o' hiive studied well and
made a good pirofliincy, anid are 'of cor
rect condiuct ; thI secorjld to otherrs who
have g~amned a full professional ed tication
in the several elementary branchues; and
the first hioniir is only givens to thsose who
hive made themrsel'ves ca pable of atiend.
img, as sooni as they leave. to, th,. tyghest
dtItes required o1 an engmi~eer. Thle tir.-t
honoiir, Lthere ore, is a teconi:imndation fos0r
the highest fui'g 'ti Lengiegring. The eg.
anmiation is publse, and' :heL prg~uce ot
i he whole :nIut Mdr. fiu'Iielrd o:n a.equuit
ted himciiel m wkth great credic.'
1Tihere is n sp'ciied coin se a-s to time:
ol pre pu rat ion. If a canidua e i.s eiu::blie"!
Ibe is cohu raged to icome for w.,~ 'id pres.
senst hiimts.li tir gradutati' t, and the l.uct
of munly live graid suting out of sevt'ciV
shwsts the severe ordeal o thi e'xainia'
i'rsorUs'iN fit I.1i 13u Tr. OcrtAN.
Not a -hell or ia '.tone brousght up, bit
i/ roniged withi living beings. livu'ry
bran o i woods give.: :1i-'u ;,.ii' htlutnie..
itr e'n:turts-..:-. su";ur.ury lo.dgers.
somelt periaentt r.'"id :sits. I. * is :s pa~ir
asit Cic nin life The surpuiL' bs:il's its
stozy c..se ont the 'uode or the~ shsel..fi h
anid thie d1'leeutfe le:e-wourk of mio'd coral
oversmpreads the suirpula. Over the e-t.-mn
of the isoa-weed creeps the gracefiul
plumes or the zuxopiyto hIring. r'Jiese
agamo. aire thickly invested by th~e pretty
cells olf m-insy saller species z and thiey,
in turni, rnnute' as thiey are., ofte~q ,e~r in
profushinthe forms of rmc:~roscopic aniual
cules. Let us'take a stone'tio the hseay
that is lyihg i'n utr boat. It is a perfect
musueumn itise'lf.''it is 'rudhly c'ohi'ed in
parts by the nullipgre-one of-th. lowest
forms of vegetaible I iig, whicli does for. the
scenery of the oceans in-?uthde moss'and
lichen do for the 'sceey of the utppe.r
w' rId. 1(ere. is a eciresular cluster of cellhs.
"look ing like 6b~autiful Iace-okcri
inioy"h.re. ahtt lesauacerol' the purest
whiteness, conataimuny within it' 'a'numnber
of stony tub'es,' ti hsabitat on of a wihsild
coihpany'oi tny polyphey. .\sponge. over
grows onse portion ohf the stonse, itself the
home of nyniy a liOin'' thing , a sea ane
rop'g h1u.. possenqion. Q9 'atupher. 'Jhe. lit
t.fe.ojtpr1itt. is. pr~',e. andI mopar it a
smtalji -t,ar figh. ihcre are wofmis, too, in
plenty, amid mnore of life and beauty besides
than we3 have space to. dese nbe'. It is
pleasant to thanks of thp. happy existence
whicha single stone may sdpport. Tha
forms to, whichy we haye' chiefly referred
are visable'to.d4 utnassiated. eye ; but, as.
Iutnbqldt. remarks. "the appijatiop of tlpp
mieroscope increases in tihp mtsa.t. striki~ng
moannqr itui imprp,eetip of,thp. ricibluxup
ance of a~rnal limq.on, the~ ocean, amid re
veals to the astondshrt sensseu the cop
seioumness of the universality of being.
AMZJarcap~ INGaNUIJTY.-IAust year
the applications for patents nisubered
2,673, the caveats failled were 901, and
the patents issued 958. Tho extent
of the field and the variety of produc
tion to which this species of skill is
applied, are sho'., n in the number,
nature and character of the prod uctious.
in the last ten years, 18,440 apphi
eationa for patents haves beet nuig,
6,674 caveats have been filed, and
7,673 patents have been granted.
T1hese include improvemets in overy
branch and divIsion of labor that
human s'<ill is applied to, or that
ht:nan necessit es require,
VONDRFUL \Wrtar.-Sohne time
since, some grains of wheat, whih had
been taken from an old Egyptain sar.
cophagus at Cairo, were given to the
Agricultural Society of (onnpeigne,
by whom they were sown with the
rnost surprising results. The stems
which have risen from this seed are as
large as a reed, the leaves are mnore
than an inch in breadth, and the ears
hAve each one hundred grains of very
large size, sb that several of the origi.
nal seeds have Multiplied two thonsand
116d.'' It is thought that the seed dates
a3 far back as Sesostris, or at least
Death of a Revolutionary Soldier.
Elefienzer Louden, died at Sharon
Springs, on Thursday last, aged ninety
four'years. Mr. Lounden joined the
revolutoriry army when seventeen
years old, and hiarchod to the city of
New York where he was stationed
urtil the ' Atnericans were compelled
to evacuate, when his company passed
over to New Jersey an4 tromn thence
to West - Point. le witnessed the
execution of Maj. Andre. At the
concl:sion of the war, he was one of
seventeen tiom a full company, who
survived, le left the city of New
York in 1777, and never again visited
it.-N. Y. Sun,
The following conversation lately
occured in a country school house:
'Sunny, can you spell ?' 'Yeth, thir.'
Well let ruc hear you.' Mo lasses
mo lasses.' ' Well,' go on,' 'Pleathe
thir, I can't; I alwags stick when I
come to molasses.' ' Call the next
'MARilEl,-OU Su.day evening
3rd inst., by the Rev. J. A. blood,
hJr. TITOMas P. McQ UKfi, to Miss
M. ANN NonoN, all of this pince.
It has been remarked by eminent men,
that in the vried'catalogue of diseasea to
which man is liable, there is scarcely one
of such importance and o such interest
as Scrofula, whether we look to the o6.
scurity of its origiii, its insiduous progress,
the numbie and v.iejy of organs that it
attacks, or its remarkable incurability and
extensive fatality:
Scrofula has baffled the skill of the most
eminent physicians in this country and in
lurope. But there is an antidote for this
disease in ]'ir. (uysou's Extract of Yet.
low Dock and sa'rsaparilla," which is
proving itself a s'pecific tn the most sevene
cases of Scrofula.
E0 See advertisement.
Dypsia Can Be Cured i
August 26th, 1854.
1Ir. CnAaLr.r Dr.LoRME,
LlsAtt SIt: For several years pat I
have been severely aflicted with sic t heqd.
aches, and after tryangt every thing I could
think or, ad recemi~ng n beneih~ Whatever,
I at last gave myself' tip as a conflrain
dyspeptic, But llearing .qf your prepara.
tauni, "The lJhisorn of Life,-" 'oncluded
to gave that a tfial ab.;g. qt) Rrfocu ed two
bottles from yoaur .-genxt Jr. '1. A. Lgrnn,
of Darlhston, 8. (, and from, tIi a tine I
begamn t akd. it, 4 fave not had'a single
att' kt of hieadache, anid now fet.I in hop a
that even the two bottles htave made a cure
ot mec. But henring that I may have a
relap~se , l'have deterined to coi'ntmue it
lonirg'anda ( gnckaoa you 41 00l(~ for whicih
you will p'ease send as masny bottles as *e
customtary for that ;amqut. .,y Rail goad.
Restpectally yours1
P', .--Please forward by express trin.
ept.I t,' 185& 45 ti
I otiaq
Ap,licationa Will be ade yL the neil
5ae&aon ot thet~ 1.i.a tEratur lair atn Act 01
I icoarporiatain (.,Galhoiun 14.4' No I
Knights ot Jricho, located at Surgteryille~
ioui C i mblii.,.
$ept. 6, 1d'>1 45 8m.
Just Received,
A large lot Ut Nurth Carolinaa DBacon and
flour, always on hand and for sale by
Sept. 6, 1854 45 tf
RlUN^* WAY fo hesubscriber-anu
..- the 111th of July, a negro Boy namec
Lien. T11e said boy is five feet higi-, and
a'.spyt 18. yi.ars of age. lie wvas purchased
byhma~ut thae 15th, of Fehruary fron
lien~y P urkett a' negro trader. A rea,
soinabile reward Will, be given for his appre.
hension and dgh've'ry oi- cozgmital to any
jail mn the 8tate.
Wiirnsboro, 8. C
Aul,..30, I&54 44. t't.
Guns, Ammunition, Faisn
Takle &A
Mlanufacturerr 4nporter *nd Wholesal
and Retail, Dealer in S~hot, Guns,
Ries,. 4' tols Fishing Tackle, ana
alL kinds~o Sporting Apparatus,
Tao ce her wit a general assortment oh
N. E. Cor. of Wainl'
Al at Whcl ed s 1 aetacleq a
.belon., to hyim line or businesL,lis be sord
as low as can be afbrded. by atny est ablishi
ment in, thle Unaited' :statqes.''
I~n teatit gpy ot hi. skill as a mapufactur.
er,.the Frank bm instituteof Philadelphia,
has awardedl to himn sine 1P4(0, tito. certafi.
cajes, six sily~er.. medals, anud oneo. tecall
pretniium; apd in 1,854., the Crystal Palace
o('New~ York,.awarded to hima a medal, thti
Qnly one awarded for Shot, G.uns anid IUt.
fles in the United States.
"Krider's Sporting Aniecdotes," illnas:
trative of certain varieties of A.:Jwreati
Game, with remarks on tlsp Chirsutter 0:
the Dog, Field Deqgs, ~Umpe,. Woodcock
Rail, Partridge, Due', anid Pudeor. miatoll
shooting, oni the I1ice.1$uemig. or Reat
B r~d, Grass Plover, Ilull.heaede cr Goldet
Pluver, Canvass Duck tanil K4d hleaded
Duck, American Widgeon, U~caup Duck
and Canada Goe.-Priceo ..U
Address JOHN KRIDEA~ Ucond am
Walnut,. Philadelpki&.
Angr. S&O 155. -44 , ..
Valuable and
F I -1Y Eubacriber "trers fur ale that val.
I sable Tract of L-d on Big L.ynche.
Creek, formerly owned by Lovick Young,
deceased, lying in Kershaw and Ches.
tertield Districts containing between sev.
en and eight thousand acres.
The Improvrnents consist of the setile.
ment upon which t e deceased resided at
the time of his death, consisting of Dwell.
ing .liouse, Gin-House, Screw and all nec.
esrary out-buildings, all in good repair.
Also, another settlement with a comnforta.
tile Dwelling Hiouc and necessary out.
buildings. There is also on the premises,
and convenient to both settlement,, a
fir-t rate Grist Mill, on a never-failing
'This is conceded to he the most valua.
ble and desirable land on Lynches Creek,
and its productiveness is known to be on.
eurpassed by any other in the country.
A further description is unneceaary
purchasers are invited to call and examine
for themselves. The land will be bold ijq
a body, or divided to suit purchasers, terms
made liberal. J. ). YOUNG.
Aug. 23, 18 -4. 43 tf j.
Lands For Sale.
W E offer for Sale the Plantation on }
which Jas. Tiller resided at the time
of his death, lying on Lynches Creek, 20
miles east of Cnu Den, in Kershaw and D.ir
lington Districts, contain.ng 1,000 acres
more or lu-se, with tolerable buildings
200 acres cleared. Also 40 acres Bottom
L-and, in cultivation. We will receive bids
for sai.l' Land until the 1st of December
next, if not Roll by that time it will be sold
on the 20th December, 1e54, a' -ublic
Also, three other tracts of Land, one ly
ing in the fork of Lynches C-eeks, con.
taining 400 arres, aad one on Black River,
in Kersh:w District, containing 150 acres,
more or ler.
All the above named Lands will be Fold
at the late residencn of Jas. Tiller, dec'd.l
any further inform tin wanting, call on the
.E. TILLERls gntr
-1. E. TILLER,' Agent,.
August 23, 18&t 48 6t
India ChQagogue :
IN il CUE pF
Fever and g.i;f hill Fev.er, inmb Aguo,
Ihitcrmittent and Remitternt Fevers, L -e
Complaint, Jaundice, Eiliretynt it the
Liver, inlargement if'ihe Spleen1 apd all
tlho various torins of
' il.us Di~nsases.
For hasa
D~r tigiii s,'terville,. 8.'C.
Augypt 21, 4 ' 43
The subscriber takes this rngtlhpd of
rrakng it kilouwn 3o the publ:c, t hat he is
now at wojk sipt! atd -11. Jpve i'n operatiori
by another year his umill for manufactufirit
flour, having procured i pair 'of French
Burr's made to order by ti ppelbrate'I
makers Mc3hp0 'd. ti tarr, laitignore. flu
mill will be fixej vit); elevator, hopper
buys &c, for cooling of the flour. :Ini
shurt, the flour will be carrie-btrough ill
the proceet p' well regulated' timriun
mull, and ith his expuerienca i inmilling hp
has no hesitationa in sayipg thait he will
he abble to manufacture as' good flour as
any mill itn the State. The mill is.on a
splendeud stream that has~ never tailed, 14
irniles below Camden, arui one anile from
the main road, lie will also be prpyidg4
with stables for the acepmmod'ation of~
ihose commig from a distanice, the Planter
shall have~ nog excuse in futu fe for n'ot rais.
int whedt for, thei ynyt t a g oo~d miill.
We exepect also to inve a Rice ngsll i'u
gperauon. WM. M. SANDERs.
A n v'.3(), 1855. 44 ~~4i
Office Wil. & lIlan- R. R, Coa
Aug., 18th,'1%SI.
II BA4(Pj1i8 aRP1 icatins for payt
ment of Stock killed by the trairs on
tIs Road, tmust be mtade to the Agents on
the Rloadt within one week from the timot
of killing, or they Will ut e received or.
audited for paymnert.
In the statemieni of th~e , iling and apt
praisemnent it rmutst appeare. ifhe fact caig
be ascertaiued thme day on Which the giocle
was killed. Whether by ntight of day
train, itn which direction the trainl Wei
bound, and whether by frieght or pasuer.
ger train.
A triect comnpliance with lthe regulationt
is necessary to engure atltyign to appli' S
cations for paymrgt.
B y order of thi f~eenident,
. JNO. McR AE, Jr.
Aug. 30, 18.51. 441 3t.
South Carolina Collegiate
Femnale Iasstitute.
TINE duries of this Institution- will bha
resumed on the first '[J(jUI,)AY in 1Qi
toher. The Principal i.4 graititied to itnfotau
the patrons of 'he Institute that -trranges
mernts are imaking for supplying cacti dea
partmnent with highly competent Teachert.
For the most part, the corps of Treaitrer&
are as they were.
P'amph~feta giving particulars will be,
furnished to order
ELlAS MARtKs. M. 1),
Principal and Proprietor., 9
..%v* Com~aq y. ..
IN' p\gjppiee ot orders fri-m flead!1
Qturters yobj he. tprieby cenynhateded to,
Appeartat Suamtergile on'the "(th. Septemn.
her next fur drill andl ispection,. Corn..
mtissiotgdl and~ nina ncomiineshed, ol~cers
wial appeisrr.q.thp de igeviour (tr drill.
and, ifnstru.cthps
By order of!
Capt. B. A.. CDNDLERI,
T. O'CWxit~l, 0) S.
Aug Ot. liais 4.1 t
t7 WVatchm~an copy,
I Mra. A. G. ft'Ul)ET takes ths mrethsa4d
v-icinity that she.has op.ned her schonlisak
the '.Prown flall,:' w.'iuer she will be,
pleased to receive andd istruct Sc-hl'ars lou
thte Yarous brntmi s. llecvr.xary to a lskaa
marbl Ftnrh me smtliaiim~ 7trfdr.idr~r

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