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D. AUBT LCTZ, Editor and Prop'r. Danville, Pa., Mar. isi 1907. One of the decidedly beneficial acts of the last Congress was the enactment of a law providing that stamps to the valne of ten centß when attached to a letter or package in excess of the regu lar postage take the place of the speci al delivery stamp. After July 1, next, when this new law goes into effect,all the bother of rnsliing around to drug stores, branoh postofflces aud other places in search of a special delivery stamp will be avoided. When the writ er of a letter (whether local or for out of the city) wants it "special deliv ery" all that is needed is to attach , twelve cents' worth of stamps to it. I two cents for the regular postage ami ten cents to make up the charge for "special delivery." The words "special delivery" must in all cases be written or stamped on the letter or package to which the ex- | tra ten cents worth of stamps are affix- : ed. It is the belief that this new de parture will greatly increase the local aa well as the out of town special de livery business, because it obviates hustling around for a special delivery a tamp, which is seldom kept in a busi- ! ness office or at a residence and hereto- I fore had to be specially gone after, in case one was needed. After July 1, I next, all this inconvenience will be done away with. What, in the ultimate resort, is a modern newspaper? It is a business organization, used as other business organizations are, for the purpose of promoting the prosperity of its prop rietors. It is not a charitable enter prise any more than the manufactur ing establishment or the department store is a charitable enterprise. The men who own it lmve a right to ex pect their subordinates to so manage their property as to produce results The manufacturer who has a general manager who proves utterlyincompet- ; eut, the d)partment store proprietor wiio.se chief man is losing money ev ery month, muse g-1 rid of t.he iucom potent and seek a change of methods , unless he expects togo to the wall. The newspaper whose editor constant- 1 iy offends the public sense of justice, needs a new editor Does a newspaper owe the general public anything? Unquestionably ic owes just what the manufacturing plant or the department store owe— faithful and impartial service and houest wares. There is no obligation upou the newspaper that does not also rest upon every other business enter prise. But there has always devolved upon every department of human ac tivity the imperative obligation of common honesty aud the "square deal." If patrons of a manufacturing plant find that they are receiving in ferior goods while some neighbor who chances to live in a palatial mansion is being treated better they will go elsewhere. So will the department store patrons. And so will the sub scribers and advertisers of a newspap er if they discover they are not get ting the same treatment meted out to their neighbors. It is not the duty of any ieputable family newspaper to print all the news. Much of the news of the day is not fit to print. Much of it is so in ane and trifling that it would be a shame to burden the columns of a good journal with it. Some of it is of such trivial importance as to make it im material whether it is printed nor not. Some of it being of a personal nature, may be used as suits the coin fcrt, convenience or desire of the per sons immediately affected. The editor must be able to exercise a fair degree of judgment aud he must be willing to listen to any suggestions that friends or interested parties may offer. But the supreme duty which the editor owes to hie readers is honesty and impartiality. He lias the right to adopt any course he prefers so long as he makes 110 unfair or unjust discrim ination But the humblest citizen should receive from the honest aud truthful newspaper exactly the same treatment, under similar circumst ances, that is accorded the mau of mil lions. When an editor refuses to do rhat lie ought to b*3 discharged. When <ie is no louger able to do it he ought co resign. That much the people have a right to expect from a journal which they trust. Can you believe your Senses ? When two of them, taste and smell, having been impaired if not utterly destroyed, by Nasal Catarrh, are fully restored by Ely's Oream Balm,can yon doubt that this remedy deserves all that has been said of it by the thou sands whom it has cured? It is appli ed directly to the effected air-passages and begins its healing work at once. Why not get it to-day? All druggists or mailed by Ely Bros., 66 Warren Street, New York, on reciept of 50 cents. Will Protect Game, Mt. Oarmel hunters assembled in the office of Justice of the Peace Levi Dietrick aud pas3ed resolutions to protect the game, which is being kill ed off by illegal hunters The men aud that they would arrest any one they cstob buotlog cut of season. ' TURNED THE JOKE. The Way a Bridegroom Got the Laugh | on His "Funny" Chum. Under the thin disguise of harmless fuu many an unpardonable rude prank Is played ui>on newly married couples. It Is refreshing to hear of an occasion al instance In which the "Joke" reacts on the joker. A young man and his bride, who had just been married In a western town, were starting on their wedding Journey. They had managed to reach the train in safety despite the showers of rice and old shoes. Just as they had taken their seats in the car one ot the bridegroom's chums came hastily into bid him goodby. As the young husband extended his hand the friend snapped a handcuff round his wrist. The groom had been suspecting a trick of some kind, and before the practical Joker could play a similar trick 011 the bride he found the other i handcuff snapped round Ills own wrist. | He was chained to the happy bride ; groom himself. I "That's a good one on me, Harry," he said, with a sickly kind of smile, "but I'll have to ask you to come to the door with me and get the key to these things from the fellow outside that's got it. Hold 011, conductor, just a min ute!" But the conductor, whose quick eye 1 had taken In the situation, refused to ! wait. He gave the order for starting, and the train pulled out. It was a through train and made no stop for the next fifty miles. Before it stopped, however, the brakeman, with the aid of a sharp Hie and a hammer, succeed \ ed in releasing Harry. The practical j Joker meanwhile had had to pay full I fare for the fifty miles and still had | his fare home to pay. FRENCH SENTIMENT. The Way It Classifies the Greatest Men of the Nation. i The Petit Piirislen In 1900 conducted n very interesting plebiscite, the object of which was to ascertain who, In the opinion of its readers, were the ten greatest Frenchmen of the nineteenth century. More than 15,000,000 votes were given, and the result was that Fasteur came out at the top of the poll with 1,338,42.") votes. The next were Victor Ilugo, who received 1,227,103 votes; (Jaiabetta 1,155,072, Napoleon 1,118,034, Thiers 1,039,453, Lazare Car not 050,772. Curie 851,107, A. Dumas pere 850.002, Dr. ltotfX 003,941 and Parmentier 408,803. Immediately fol lowing were Ampere, the electrician; Brazza, the explorer; Zola, Lamartln* and Arngo. It will be observed with Interest how large Is the proportion of scientific men In the number of those who, In the opinion of Frenchmen, occupy the highest places In the records of the country. Napoleon Is only fourth, though Fasteur heads the list, and Curie. Roux and Farmentler, the chem ist who introduced the culture of the potato Into France, are also honored, while Ampere and Brazza are not far behind. Literary men and statesmen dispute with the scientists for the highest distinctions, aud the national sentiment of France Is evidently ec ! lectlc. THE TONSILS. It Is Not Known What Purpose These Structures Serve. The tonsils are two collections of glandlike structures at the back part of the mouth, one on each side, be : tweeu the pillars of the palate. It Is not known what purpose they serve. Some have supposed that they arrest the germs of disease which may be In haled or taken In with the food, but they evidently can catch very few of the germs which rapidly pass them In the food or water or In the air which : Is Inhaled, and it Is well they cannot, » for they are themselves very suscepti ble to disease, as some sufferers know to their sorrow. Others have thought they serve an evil purpose, acting as portals of entry for many disease germs into the body. The tonsils are very liable to become inflamed. This condition constitutes tonsilltls, or, when an abscess forms, quinsy. Young persons, over fifteen and under thirty, are most subject to inflammation of the tonsils, although children and even those well along in life may suffer. It occurs with special frequency in those whose tonsils are enlarged and usually In persons who are "run down" In general health or in whom the power of resistance has been lowered as a result of worry or over- I exertion. , The extra study in preparing for a difficult examination In school or col lege and the anxiety concerning the re r suit not uncommonly bring on an at l tack of quinsy, especially in those of s so called rheumatic tendency. There are various kinds of tonsilltls, but the symptoms of all are quite slm r Uar in the beginning. The patient feels 111, has chilly sensations, loss of appe -5 tlte, more or less headache perhaps, t constipation, feverish ness and a feel t lug of discomfort or actual pain In the throat. Soon the fever becomes high, the throat is dry, swallowing Is pain ful, there is often more or less earache, and the patient seems seriously 111. Suppuration may or may not occur. The pain and throbbing are most se vere when it does. The attack lasts usually from two or three days to a week and is apt to ter minate quite suddenly, although If but j one tonsil has been affected recovery may be delayed by an extension of the B inflammation to the other tonsil. In - that case the whole tiresome process must be gone through with again. The disease is almost always serious 1 enough to require the physician's care, j for the treatment calls for Internal t ! remedies as well as local applications. Whatever else Is done, the bowels 0 should be kept opeu from the begln -1 niug of the attack.—Youth's Compan ion. The Popular Song. The definition of popularity as given by a salesman In a large music store is 112 one that may be applied to other things y Ixesides songs. j "Is this a popular song?" asked a young woman, holding up a sheet of music brilliantly decorated in r«'d and green. •'Well. no. mlis," said the salesman, - assuming a judicial air, "I cau't kh y it b is as yet. Of c » , .ir e lots peo. le are . singing it. an;! cseybrn'y likes If. !>ut „ nobody's got tir <1 en ,ugh of it yet for j It to be what you'd call a popular song, :> DI,SB ' M TH 2 Contrast. A small nagro hoy was putting his head against th.> marble steps of the enpitoi. He would step hack a few 9 feel aa l tiu*n run toward the steps, i xtrlki.i them full force with his freud. 3 "What on earth are you doing that _ I for, I " as'.ed a senator who came . by. "Are y u g.dug to tight a goat?" "Nav\ fuli. i's doln' it cause It feels 7 so good when I don't." Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. STAGESTRUCK. An Incident of the Boyhood Days of William McKlnley. One does uot readily associate our martyred president, William McKlnley, with an ambition to become an actor, ! but fu a grouping of eminent person ages who have conceived at one time or another in their lives a passion to trend the hoards we find the subjoined account: "It was while holding the humble position of clerk at a hat store In Cin cinnati that Mr. McKlnley became stagestruck and ouce confessed that he did not outgrow his desire to be come an actor for many years after ward. This desire arose through wit nessing the Shakespearean plays as presented by the great tragedian, Ed win Forrest, for whom Mr. McKlnley conceived a great admiration. " 'lmagine my feelings,' the presi dent said on one occasion when relat ing his boyish ambitions, 'when For rest walked Into our store one day to make a purchase. I rushed to the front In order to serve my ideal hero of the theater. The sale, however, was made by an older clerk, but I was given the privilege of pressing and stretching the hat. The great actor stood near me, observing my work, and the smile of appreciation which hs gave me was one of the events of my youth.' "—Scrap Book. NO SENSE OF HUMOR. . A Scientist's Criticism of a Comic Book For Children. Charles Monselet, a Frenchman of letters, published a comic "scientific dictionary" for the benefit of children, who found 110 little amusement In his odd accounts of tilings in the animal world which were perfectly familiar to them, but which were described In a rather fantastic way In M. Monselet's book. The editor of a certain scientific Jour nal, however, was much surprised and shocked at M. Monselet's Ignorance when he took up the book, and he wrote an article about It in his paper, which ran as follows: "A certain M. Monselet lias publish ed a dictionary for the use of children, which contains definitions showing the most extraordinary ignorance, such as the following: " 'Sardine—A little fish without any head which lives In oil.' "As If a fish could live without a head and in oil! "Another definition: 44 'Parrot—A bird somewhat resem bling the pigeon, generally green when It Is not red or yellow or blue. Cocka toos sometimes live to be a hundred years old, except when they are stuff ed, and then there Is no limit to the leugth of their life.' "Now, It happens that the parrot Is not a pigeon at all and never has the colors that M. Monselet gives to him, and, In short, this M. Monselet knows no more of natural history than he has grains of common sense." HANDLING A TIGER. Bow u Turkoman Subdued a Snarl liijc. Anicr>- Man Eater. "In a cage near th» room In which 1 lived while In Khiva," says Langdon Warner in the Century Magazine, "was a tiger from the Oxus swamps He had taken a dislike to me, and every time I passed his cage he got up aud paced angrily toward me, snarling. "Into the cage of this beast, at th« command of the prince, a Turkoman stepped, armed with a short stick aa big round as his wrist. With thie stick he struck the tiger's nose as he made for him, and then, with palma out and eyes fixed, he walked slowly up to the shrinking beast and stroked his face and flank. "The tiger snarled and took the man's hand in his open inouth. I held my breath and looked for the bleed lng stump to fall away; but, keeping that hand perfectly still, with the other lie tickled the tiger's Jowl and scratched his ear till with a yawn and a pleased snarl the big cat rolled over on his back to have his belly scratched. "The man then sank to his knees, always keeping his hands in motion over the glossy fur, and with his fool drew toward liim a collar attached to a chain. Tills he snapped round th« beast's neck and, rising to his feet, laid hold of the chain and dragged the tiger out. "This was only the second time thai the cage had been entered. As soon as the tiger was outside he espied the watching party aud started for them, ! but came up short 011 the collar. If be had chosen to use his weight and strength 110 four of them could have ' held his tether, but as it was the J Turkoman found little difficulty wltb 1 him and held him, snarling, while 112 I camera was snapped." IMITATION PEARLS. They May Be Detected by the Hole Drilled Through Them. j The means of ascertaining the genu • lneness of pearls, which are frequently Imitated with marvelous skill, is es -1 pecially Important to the layman, even ] though the jeweler may quickly detect i them. Imitations are usually lighter than real pearls and generally are brit tle. although some are made solid of ; flsh scales and do uot break so easily, while the holes, which in the real pearl are drilled very small and have a sharp edge, are in the false larger and have a blunt edge. As a rule, the imitation pearls are like hollow spheres of glass colored Internally with a coating imi tating the orient of natural pearl. The manufacture of these articles embraces two series of operations—the production of the sphere and the intro duction of coating. The spheres are produced b> the glassblower, who by aid of an enameler's lamp solders the extremity of a tube w h eu the sub stance Is of the right < ousisteney. In this way are obtained very regular lit tle spheres that serve for the composi tion of the ordinary qualify of false pearls. In the more beautiful imitations the tube employed Is slightly opalescent, and the glassblower, besides, gives to the little spheres while they are yet malleable certain slight perceptible in equalities of surface by gently tapping them with a small Iron bar. This gives them a still greater resemblance to natural pearls, which are very seldom absolutely regular—Exchange. Adam and Ere. Adam whs making his avowal to Eve. "No power shall ever take you from my side," he declared fervently. "That's a pretty rash promise, isn't It," Inquired Eve, winking, "since you know I was taken from your side the first thing after you arrived here?" Perceiving that the woman was giv ing him a lib roast, Adam went off sulking in the apple orchard. Ex change. AN EARLY CALL Mark Twain's Story About Hit Ab- 1 sentminded Brother. One? bitter December night Orion (Mark Twain's brother) sat up reading until 3 o'clock in the morning and then, without looking nt a clock, sallied forth to call on a young lady. He hammered and hammered at the door; couldn't get any response; didn't understand It Anybody else would have regarded that as an indication of some kind 01 other and would have drawn Infer ences and gone home, but Orion didn't draw inferences. lie merely hammered and hammered, and finally the father of the girl appeared at the door In a dressing gown. He had a candle In his hand, aud the dressing gown was all the clothing he had on, except an expression of welcome, which was so tJblck and so large that It extended all down his front to his Instep and nearly obliterated the dressing gown. But Orion didn't notice that this was an unpleasant expression. lie merely walked In. The old gentleman took him Into the parlor, set the candle on a table and stood. Orion made the usual remarks about the weather and sat down—sat down and talked and talked and went on talking, that old man looking at him vindictively and waiting for his chance, waiting treach erously and malignantly for his chance. Orion had not asked for the young lady. It was not customary. It was understood that a young fellow came to see the girl of the house, not the founder of It. At last Orion got up and made some remark to the effect that probably the young lady was busy and he would go now and call again. That was the old man's chance, and he said with fervency, "Why, good land, aren't you going to stop to break fast?"— Mark Twain's Autobiography In North American Review. FOUND A HOLE FOR HIM. Bxiierirnve of n Young M*n la ' Hl* Start lu Bualneaa. Here Is something that should appeal to every young man starting out In business: "When 1 came to New York," j said a bright fellow to me, "1 engaged by the year as entry clerk with a large dry goods house. I soon found out I couldn't get along with the superin tendent, a dictatorial, domineering man. Being young and brash, I 'sass- I ed' him, which made matters all the worse for me. At last my position be came unbearable, and I quietly looked around for 'another place. The man ager of a great grocery house asked where I worked and why I wanted to „ make a change. I told him In all frank ness, and he asked me to come around in a few days. I guess I talked alto get her too much. When I called he said, 'I have uo place open at present, but 1 guess I can find a hole for you.' j That was enough. T went back to my store and resigned. "The next morning 1 presented my self before the manager of the grocery house. 'As I told you,' said he, 'I have no place open at present,' and walked away. 'But,' said I, 'didn't you tell me you would find a hole for me?' 'I did/ . he answered back. 'Ain't you In It?* He then added, 'Mr. R., the superlO' tendent of the firm you have been working for is my brother.* I have worked since then with my hands In my pockets, and the lesson took a good deal of the freshness out of me. It taught me to look before I leaptd."— I New Vork Press. THE CHILD'S MIND. Give It a Chance to Develop by Kta \utural Proceaaea. The littler they are the better, be cause farther removed from the world that Is ours and deeper placed in their own world. A good baby radiates peace. Every one who Is rightly con- i stituted smiles at the sight of it. They are busy, they are cheerful. As a rule, they seem to be kind to one another. They are not bored, and un less the weather Is insufferable or they are sick they are not depressed. What philosophers! What heroes! Is it strange that the attitude of an unperverted child should be the Chris- I tian Ideal? The great merit of children as com- 1 panious lies in the breadth of their tolerations. They are easy to please, agreeable to most propositions aud not very critical. They do not "kuow better." That Is 1 one of their delightfulest traits. Chil dren will trust you, and that Is one of , the most gratifying compliments pos sible. In the company of children you have relief in considering what will pay. The things that they do and prefer to do, do not pay, as a rule, except In the doing of them. Wise elders who are qualified to tralu the mind of a child are pretty scarce. The next best thing Is the elder who Is wise enough to reßpect the child's mind aud give it a chance to develop iu a sympathetic atmos phere by its own natural processes.— E. S. Martin in Harper's Magazine. OLD TIME STYLES. The Fashions In Ladies' Hats In Rich mond After the War. A southern lady in a diary which she kept throughout the civil war tells of a bonnet which she made and which was regarded as "quite stunning." The author of "Dixie After the War" quotes from the diary as follows: We had been wearing coal scuttle bonnets of plaited straw, trimmed with, corn shuck rosettes. I made fifteen one spring, acquired a tine name as a mil liner and was paid for my work. I recall one that was quite stunning. I got hold of a bit of much worn white ribbon and dyed It an exquisite shade of green with a tea made of coffee ber ries. Coffee berries dye a lovely green. You might remember that If you are ever In war and blockaded. W r hen the northern ladies appeared , on the streets of Richmond they did j not seem to have on any bonnets at all. j They wore tiny, three cornered affairo, tied on with narrow' strings, and all their hair showing in the back. We thought them the most absurd and trifling things. But we made haste to get some. The Yankees introduced some new j fashions in other things besides clothes that I remember vividly, one being 1 canned fruit. I had never seen any i canned fruit before the Yankees came. Pleasant Innovations In food were like to leave lasting impressions on one who had been living on next to nothing for an Indetinite period. II!■ Specialty. young Foley looked so downcast that the market man asked why he carried such a long face. "Fired," returned Foley concisely. "Fired?" repeated the market man. "Give you any reasou for doing it?" "Yep," Foley said, with the air of i* martyr. "The boss said he was losing money ou the things I was making." "Is that so? What were you mak ing?" "Mistakes." [MALE DRESS REFORM IT IS HOPELESSLY HAMPERED BY THE STIFF WHITE SHIRT. The Way Thla <;nrment Interferes With Hotli Health aud Comfort. Some of the Ahaurditlen of the Prea ent Moneuline Style of Attire. The necessity by which men feel co erced of proving to the world that they wear white shirts lies at the basis of 111 the difficulties of the dress problem. Until the garment becomes extinct It is hopeless to attempt the reform of men's dress on the lines of health and comfort It will of course ultimately disap pear, for it is but the mark of a stage in the evolution of dress, Just as the vermiform appendix is a useless evolu tionary remnant In the body. But the question Is whether we ought to await the slow course of evolution or to use our common sense and abandon the ancient garment at once. Why do we wear white shirts? Ages ago It was only the wealthy who could afford to clothe themselves In linen. Tlte possession of linen underwear was tl en a mark of social position, and there was an obvious advantage In making public display of it. We may put down three-fourths of rfie discomfort of the hot summer to the account of the starched shirt. It prevents the very process devised by nature to keep the body cool—the evap oration of sweat. In so far as it hin ders this natural process In summer, ! the white shirt favors disease. But In winter it is a fruitful cause of Illness, i In winter the mere wearing of a white shirt would no doubt leave a man no better and no worse if he were content to wear It for his own satisfac ! tlon. But the curious law of evolution j comes in and compels him to wear it 1 a way as to do himself physical ' Injury. | Wherever evolution is at work it leaves vestiges—literally, footprints. Probably it is millions of years since the vermiform appendix became a use less organ, but it still survives. All evolutionary survivals appear to be harmful. The appendix is the seat of appendicitis. In the inner corner of the eye there is the remnant of a once useful third lid, which now only lodges dust and causes irritation, j The lord chancellor's wig was once a comfort iu ancient drafty legislative chambers and now merely serves to make a sensible man look ridiculous and give him headaches. People who drew up laws were long ago paid accordlLg to the number of words, 1 it the multiplicity of words now only causes confusion. So the white shirt that was once a badge of wealth and culture, being no longer of value for that purpose, is only a cause of discomfort and disease. It Is necessary to cut a piece out of | the vest and the coat, just over the most Important organs of the body, in order to prove to our neighbors that i we wear white shirts. Consequently In the winter time we expose the lungs and the air passages to the cold wind • and the cold rain. | From the point of view of health , nothing could be more stupid. Bron- ' chitis is one of the most deadly of all diseases in this country. Bronchitis Is simply Influnnnatlou of the bronchial tubes. This inflammation is excited ; by a chill, a chilling of that part of | the body left exposed in order to show that we wear white shirts. The white shirt, in fact, might ap pear iu the tables of the registrar gen ' eral as the cause of so many deaths, j perhaps 100,000 a year. • And does It really improve a man's appearance? By virtue of the assocla* tlon of Ideas it certainly does. Usual ly men who do not wear white shirts are not given to cleanliness. The man ' who wears a white shirt washes his face and hands and brushes his clothes; hence when we see a white front and white cuffs we experience that pleas ant sensation produced by general 1 neatness of the person and clothing. But that a few square Inches of white clothing over the chest makes a man look better is an absurd conclusion. The case for the white shirt has not a leg to stand upon. The garment is uncomfortable, unhealthy and unbe coming. And as It has lost the only useful function It ever possessed—that is, its symbolism of exceptional wealth I —we ought to discard it altogether. The dlflicultles of this course are very great no doubt. What we want Is an j "antiwhlte shirt society," which would agree to wear, from some prearranged date, a dress designed wholly with re gard for comfort, health and beauty.— T. F. Manning in London Gossip. BEES IN WARFARE. Two Inatancea In W T hlch the Insects Were lined aa Weapona. History records two instances in which bees have been used in warfare as weapons against besieging forces. The first is related by Applan of the siege of Tliemiscyra, In Pontus, by Lu cullus In his war against Mlthridates. Turrets were brought up, mounds were built, and huge mines were made by the Romans. The people of Themis cyra dug open these mines from above and through the holes cast down upon the workmen bears and other wild animals aud hives or swarms of bees. The second instance is recorded in an Irish manuscript In the Bibllotheque Royale at Brussels and tells how the Danes and Norwegians attacked Ches ter, which was defended by the* Saxons and some Gallic auxiliaries. The Danes were worsted by a stratagem, but the Norwegians, sheltered by hurdles, tried to pierce the walls of the town when "what the Saxons and the Gaeldhll who were among them did was to throw down large rocks, by which they broke down the hurdles over their heads." What the others did to check this was to place large posts uuder the hurdles. ! What the Saxons did next was to put j all the beer and water of the town Into the caldrons of the town aud boll them i and spill them down upon those who were under the hurdles, so that their skins were peeled off. The remedy which the Lochlans applied to this was to place hides outside ou the hurdles, j What the Saxons did next was to ■ throw down all the beehives In the ! town upon the besiegers, which pre ! vented them from moving their hands I or legs from the number of bees which 1 stuns theni They afterward desisted and left the elfy. Forest Air. i There is a general Impression that ' the humidity of the air Is greater In the woods than In the open fields. This Is contradicted, however, by the result of observations made In Ger many. It was found there that the humidity, both relative and absolute, was slightly greater in the open than In the woods, and this was true equal ly In the morning and in the after noon. As to the temperature of the air anions the trees, it was a trifle higher than In the open in the morn ing and in a more marked degree in thf afternoon. THE LICORICE PLANT. Where It Grows and How Its Blaok I Juice Is Treated. j Black licorice is made from the juice j of the licorice plant, mixed with starch j to prevent It from melting in hot weather. The licorice plant grows for > the most part ou the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which flow through immense treeless prairies j of uncultivated land. The climate of ■ these great plains Is variable. Half the year it Is mild and pleasant, but for j three months It Is very cold, and for three months In summer hot winds sweep across the country, raising the temperature to 104 degrees for weeks at a time. The licorice plant is a shrub three feet high and grows without cultlva- 1 tion in situations where Its roots can reach the water. The usual time of collecting Is the winter, but roots are dug all the year around. At first the root is full of water and must be allowed to dry, a process which takes nearly a year. It Is then cut Into small pieces from six Inches to a foot long. The good and sound pieces are kept, and the rotten ones are used for firewood. As the valley of the Euphrates con tained one of the earliest civilizations In the world, It Is probable that licorice is about the oldest confection extant and that the taste, which pleases near ly all children today, was familiar to the little brown boys and girls of Babylon and Nineveh 3.000 years ago. THE FIRST ZOO. China, It Seems, Counts That Among Her Many Records. The Chinese had the first zoo. Men ageries are thought to owe their ori gin partly to the cult of sacred aul mals and partly to the ambition of j rulers to possess specimens of rare and valuable creatures from foreign lands j or savage beasts from their own. Iu j the simplest forms zoological gardens ; were one of the earliest developments j of culture and were familiar to the Chinese, Indians. Greeks, Romans and pre-Spanish Mexicans lu ancient times. The oldest recorded menagerie is Chi nese. dating from 1150 B. C. The den of lions kept by Darius, as described In the book of Daniel, Is an example 'of one of those primitive menageries, while the cult of sacred white horses by the ancient Greeks and Romans and that of so called white elephants lu Burma and Slam are Instances of a second type. A live giraffe was re ceived at the menagerie of Schonbrunn as early as 1828. The Paris establishment Is regarded as the earliest entitled to the deslgna tlon "zoological gardens" In the mod ern sense of that term, which owes Its origin, however, to the formation of the menagerie In the Regents' park. Of German establishments of this sort the one at Berlin Is the earliest. American zoos, notable among which Is New York and Chicago, are among the completest In the world. Ex [ change. Roman House Heaters. ' The methods used by the Romans for warming their houses were clever. In Rome Itself artificial warmth may have been brought rarely into use, though ; the Italian winter requires fires at times, but when the Roman took up his abode abroa js the conqueror he certainly lived In chilly climates. In the country houses he built In England he had carefully devised heating ar rangements, which are called hypo causts. These are flues running un der the tessellated floors. Fires were lit outside of the house, and the hot air passed under the floors. To do this much required a knowledge of the builder's art, with the necessary precautions against fire. Itefnnants of these hypocausts are found today In England, built during the RomaD oc cupation. SCOTCH TERMS. The Word "Clan" and the Relation c# Clansmen and Chief. Everybody knows that the wor<J "mac" (pronounced In Gaelic machk) means son, so that, for example. Mac- Donald literally means the son of Don ald. But It is not generally known that when a woman is spoken of the highlanders substitute for "mac" the feminine "nich," which means daugh ter; that the vocative of "mac" is "vichk" (we spell phonetically), which always replaces mac when a person (s addressed, and that the nominative plural Is mlchk (sons) or claun (chil dren). Sir Walter Scott's Ignorance of Gaelic frequently led him Into error upon these points, both In his poetry and in his novels. The meaning of the Gaelic word clan, as just stated, is children, and the obe dience which clansmen owed to their chief was considered by them rather as the affectionate obedience duo by children to a father than as that due by subjects to a ruler. They believed themselvcß to l>e all blood relations descended from a common ancestor, of which their chief was the living repre sentative. The clansman who hesitat ed to save his chief's life at the ex pense of his own was regarded as a coward who fled from his father's side In the hour of peril. On the other hand, the chief was expected at all times to acknowledge the meanest of his clan as his relation and to shake hands with him wherever they might happen to meet. Subordinate to the chief and generally related to him were the chieftains and London Standard. DIET AND HEALTH. Use Foods That Will Give the Bystem the Oil It Demands. Every person requires a certain amount of oil in his food in order to be healthy. Our ancestors lived to a large extent on olives, filberts, chestnuts and other nuts containing oil. The present generation uses too little oil in Its diet. This can be taken In the shape of the pure expressed olive oil, as an emulsified salad dressing or by , eating nuts, olives, etc. It may be a matter of choice how the system gets its oil, but a certain amount is essen tial to the enjoyment of good health. The good results of the habitual use of the above artfcles In the diet are soon shown, especially when persons are in clined to colicky Indigestion and con stipation. Doctors will do well to in- ( struct their patients to use pure olive < oil in moderate doses, also as dressing ' for salads. Various kinds of nuts have a high dietetic value because of the oils which they contain and can be used to advantage. When patients in- ■ cllue to consumption, pure cod liver 1 oil ranks at the head of oily sub- 1 stances, but the lesser oils also can be taken in moderation. Nature furnishes many cures for the successful treatment of diseases if we \vil| but study her methods instead of following fads. The result will be a i greater progress in building up resist ance and Immunity from disease.— ' THE MALE OPERA HAT. Why It Rises Superior to Any Pasting Fashion Dictates. Meu genera 11 j protest against the changes of style In hats, and one of • the sex has written to the New York I Mail this complaint: Why attack as a "collapsible, many j named pretender" the opera hat, or eliapeaii de cinque? | I have snrh a hat and also a silk hat, | in which re , ect I think I differ from j most Oothamites. Whenever 1 have j an option I wear the opera rather than j the other. It's more convenient. I At the theater or opera you can car i ry It better on your between the acts I promenades. If there is no rack for your hat under the seat you can tuck • it in your overcoat and put it on the floor under you without destroying it, as yon would do with a silk hat. If you put your lint in the rack un der your seat and then rise and stand close to It to permit a late comer to pnss Mil opera hat suffers no damage. A silk hat would be either ruffled or crushed. 'J'l • opera hat looks as well at all tin • • as the .«ilk hat and requires much less care. Indeed, I think it look* betler. The glossy surface of a silk hat. like the glossy bosom of a stiff whlie shirt, is an uneomfortable survival of the time when men wore polished helmets and breastplates. There Is * > much reason In the opera hat that men of discrimination will , continue to v ear it, the style of the moment regardless. FAMOUS GAMBLERS. Ol<l Time London Hfltliitf Club* and Tlii'lp Mem hern. | There weie three principal clubs— , White's. Brookes' and Hoodies'. White'® | was originally a "chocolate house" In William 11l 's time, but became a pri vate club early in the eighteenth cen tury and was used by the Tories. It was a club always noted for high play and betting, and very curious some of their bets were, the old wager book being still preserved. Brookes' was the Whig club and was then conduct ed by that i.iberal Ilrookes, whoso speculative skill !.« hasty rmllt and a distant bill; tY o. nursed in clubs, disdained a vulgar vrade, Exulta to trust and blushes to be pale. .\u»o ig tne members of this ciub won- the Prince of Wales, aud, of course, liis fid us Achates, Sheridan, be- M«Je> t lie great Charles James Fox, wli) here played deeply aud whose name is oft recorded In the wager book, which, however, is of older date and was kept when the club was held at A1 muck's. "Lord Northlngtou beta >lr. C Fox, June 4, 1774, that he (Mr. C. F.) is not called to the bar before this day four years." "March 11, 1775, Lord R.riingbrohe gives a guinea to Mr. Charles Fox and Is to reuelve a thousand from him whenever the debt of this county amounts ta £171,000,- UOO. Mr. Fox is not to pay the £I,OOO till he Is one of his majesty's cabinet" "April 7, 1791, Mr. Sheridan bets Lord Lauderdale and Lord Thanet 25 guineas each that parliament will not consent to any more lotteries after the present >ue voted to be drawn In Feb ruary next."—From "The Dawn of the Nineteenth .Century," by John Ashton. 'S death! He (excitedly)—l tell you the hand some dress that millionaire's wife is wearing was paid for by blood money She (calmly)—Ah, that accounts foi the gore in the skirt-! Baltimore Amer ican. A l^Jj ! tl,e CATARRH Eli's Cream Balm WppSSliSI is quickly absorbed. Gives Relief at Once. HEAdJ It cleanses, soothes heals and protects HP* y the diseased mem brane. It cures Ca tarrh and drives Head quickly. Ko UAV FFVFR stores the Senses of ■ ™ »¥■»■• Taste and Smell. Full size 50 cts., at Drug gists or by mail; Trial Size 10 cts. by mail. Ely Brothers, 56 Warren Street, New York. Bad Symptoms. The woman who has periodical head aches, backache, sees imaginary dark spots or specks floating or dancing before her eyes, distress or heavy full feeling in/tomach, faint spells, drag ging-downAeel Ing In lower abdominal or pelvic region, easily startled or excited, irreguWfror painful periods, with or with out irivic catarrh, is suffering from weakntf-se* that should have e.yly arention. Not all of above symptoiM aoe likely to bo present in any case at orte/ime. Neglected or badly treated and such cases run into maladies which de man/ yfe surgeon's knife If they do not res tally. Xo medicine extant hag such long and numerous rm-nnl nl ci/ros in suclt """■ "*" r - ■'jTi-'s l iivorih' I'rr.iiaTiP tiom - i\o medicine has such a strong prwteifOT innnrtr nVi in, rtt rar.b fll" several ingredients-wnrth mnro limn any UlimTivr.nf imiJiwy nfm-jmnrsHniirilgg 11menials. The very best Ingredients known to medical science for the cure of woman's peculiar ailments enter into Its composition. No alcohol, harmful, or habit-forming drug is to be found in tlio list of its ingredients printed on each bottle-wrapper and attested under oath. In any condition of the female system, Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription can do only good—never harm. Its whole effect is to strengthen, invigorate and regulate the whole femaln system and especially the pelvic organs. When these are de ranged in function or a fleeted by disease, the stomach and other organs of digestion become sympathetically deranged, the nerves are weakened, and a long list of bad, unpleasant symptoms follow. Too much must not be expected of this "Fa vorite Prescription." It will not perform miracles: will not cure tumors—no med icine will. It will often prevent them, if taken In time, and thus the operating table and the surgeon's knife may be avoided. Women suffering from diseases of long standing, are invited to consult Doctor Pierce by letter, free. All correspondence is held as strictly private and sacredly confidential. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. Dr. Pierce's Medical Adviser(looopages) is s°nt free on receipt of 21 one-cent stamps for pa per-covered, or 31 stamps f or cloth-bound copy. Address as above. Sour Stomach No appetite, loss of strength, nervous ness, headache, constipation, bad breath, general debility, sour risings, and catarrh of the stomach are all due to indigestion. Kodol relieves Indigestion. This new discov ery represents the natural Juices of diges tion as they exist in a healthy stomach, combined with the greatest known tonio j and reconstructive properties. Kodol for dyspepsia does not only relieve indigestion | and dyspepsia, but this famous remedy 1 helps all stomach troublea by cleansing, purifying, sweetening and strengthening I the mucous membranes lining the stomach. ' Mr. S. S. Ball, erf Ravonswood, W. V«.. sty a:— I " I was troubled with »our stomach for twenty yeara 1 Kodol cured me and we are now using It In milk | for baby," Kodol Digests What Yon Eat |. Bottles only. Relieves Indlcestlon, sour stomeek belching of rat, eto. < Prepared by K. O. DeWITT * 00., OHIOAQO, < For Sale by Paulen & Co 11 j PERSONALS! j Clareuce McMahou.of Philadelphia, spout jesterriay with his mother, Mrs. Thomas MoMahou, Spruce street. Mr. McMnhou is rapidly recovering from his recent serious illuess. Her. E. 1). Dunn, of Nescopeck,for merly pastor of the United Evangelic al church in this city, called on Dan ville friends yesterday. Rev. Harry Miuskerwill return this morning from the U. K conference at Carlisle. John Diebert,delegate from the Dan villo United Evangelical church, re turned yesterday after attending the sessions of the conference at Carlisle. New Silk Mill at Shamokin. Shamobin capitalists have closed a contract with promoters in Patterson, N. J., to establish a local Bilk mill iu Shamokin that will give employment to 300 people. TRUSTEES SALE OF VALUABLE REAL ESTATE! Pursuant to an order issuing out of the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of the State of Pennsylvania, the undersigned Trustee of the estate of William H. Latimer,Bankrupt, will expose at pub lic sale or outcry, at the Court House steps, in Danville, Montour County, Pennsylvania, ou SATURDAY, Mar. 23,1907. at 3 o'clock P. M.the following de scribed real estate: All that certain part of a town lot of laud situate iu the First waril of the Borough of Danville, County of Montour,State of Pennsylvania, bound ed and described as follows: Fronting ou Front Street on the Southward, adjoining other half of same lot the estate of Patterson Johu son, deceased, ou the Westward, an alley ou tiie Northward and lot now or formerly of William C Johnson,ou the Eastward, containing in width on Front Street twenty-five feet and ex tmding back to alley one hundred aud fifty feet. TERMS OF SALE: Three Hundred Dollars shall be paid in cash,or certifi ed check, up*a striking down of the property; balance within thirty days. J. HECTOR McNEAL, Trustee. M. BRECKBILL, Auctioneer. Auditor's Notice. IK THE ORPHAN'S COURT OF MONTOUR COUNTY. IN RE ESTATE OF CATHARINE HAHN, LATE OF THE BOR OUGH OF DANVILLE, IN THE COUNTY OF MONTOUR AND STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, DECEASED. IN PARTITION. The undersigned appointed by tha aforesaid Court, to make distribution of the fund paid into and remaining in the said Court afterpayment of the amount of costs and fees taxed and ap proved by the Court, to and among the parties legally eutitled thereto, will meet all parties interested for the pur pose of his appointment at his Law Offices No. 106 Mill Street, Danville, Montour County, Pennsylvania, on FRIDAY, APRIL sth, A. D., 1907, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon of the said day, where and when all persona having claims on the said fund are re quired to make aud prove the same or be forever debarred from thereafter coiuiug in upon the said fund. EDWARD SAYRE GEARHART, Auditor. Danville, Pa. Mar. 2. 1907. Hxecutrix Notice. Estate of Michael H. Wa'lize. late of the Borough of Danviila, Montour count l ,, deceased. All persons indebted to said estate are requested to make immediate pay ment and those having legal claims against the same, will present them without delay in proper order for set tlement to MRS. MARY JANE PERSINO, Executrix. Danville, Pn., Nov. Ist, 1908. NOTICE. APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER OF LIQUOR LICENSE. Petition of James Ryan of the 3rd Ward of the Borough of Danville, Peumi. for the trausfer of his hotel li cense from its present location No. 5J6 Mill Street to the two story brick building, situate ou the North East Corner of Mill aud Centre Streets in the said Borough, bounded on the North by lot of James Grimes, on the East by au alley, on the South by Centre St., aud ou the West by Mill St., and kuowu iu tiie plot of said Borough as No. 500 Mill Street. Will be presented to the Court of Quarter Sessions of Montour County, April 3 A. D. 1907, at 10 o'clock A. M. . THOS. G. VINCENT. Clerk Q. S. Danville, Pa , March 13th, 1807. Winsdcr Hotel Between 12th and 18th fct*. on Filbert St Philadelphia, Pa. Three minutes walk from the Read ing Terminal. Five minute* walk from the Penna. R. R. Depot. LUrOPEAN PLAN SI.OO per day atid upwards. AMERICAN PLAN ♦2. 'to per day. R-l P-A-N.S Tabu Its Doctors find A good prescription For Mank>n<i. The 5-cen' picket is enough for usua oceassioi.s The family bottle (60 oents oonta-'us a supply for a year. All drag gist'.