D. AUBT LCTZ, Editor and Prop'r.
Danville, Pa., Mar. isi 1907.
One of the decidedly beneficial acts
of the last Congress was the enactment
of a law providing that stamps to the
valne of ten centß when attached to a
letter or package in excess of the regu
lar postage take the place of the speci
al delivery stamp. After July 1, next,
when this new law goes into effect,all
the bother of rnsliing around to drug
stores, branoh postofflces aud other
places in search of a special delivery
stamp will be avoided. When the writ
er of a letter (whether local or for out
of the city) wants it "special deliv
ery" all that is needed is to attach ,
twelve cents' worth of stamps to it. I
two cents for the regular postage ami
ten cents to make up the charge for
The words "special delivery" must
in all cases be written or stamped on
the letter or package to which the ex- |
tra ten cents worth of stamps are affix- :
ed. It is the belief that this new de
parture will greatly increase the local
aa well as the out of town special de
livery business, because it obviates
hustling around for a special delivery
a tamp, which is seldom kept in a busi- !
ness office or at a residence and hereto- I
fore had to be specially gone after, in
case one was needed. After July 1, I
next, all this inconvenience will be
done away with.
What, in the ultimate resort, is a
modern newspaper? It is a business
organization, used as other business
organizations are, for the purpose of
promoting the prosperity of its prop
rietors. It is not a charitable enter
prise any more than the manufactur
ing establishment or the department
store is a charitable enterprise. The
men who own it lmve a right to ex
pect their subordinates to so manage
their property as to produce results
The manufacturer who has a general
manager who proves utterlyincompet- ;
eut, the d)partment store proprietor
wiio.se chief man is losing money ev
ery month, muse g-1 rid of t.he iucom
potent and seek a change of methods ,
unless he expects togo to the wall.
The newspaper whose editor constant- 1
iy offends the public sense of justice,
needs a new editor
Does a newspaper owe the general
public anything? Unquestionably ic
owes just what the manufacturing
plant or the department store owe—
faithful and impartial service and
houest wares. There is no obligation
upou the newspaper that does not also
rest upon every other business enter
prise. But there has always devolved
upon every department of human ac
tivity the imperative obligation of
common honesty aud the "square
deal." If patrons of a manufacturing
plant find that they are receiving in
ferior goods while some neighbor who
chances to live in a palatial mansion
is being treated better they will go
elsewhere. So will the department
store patrons. And so will the sub
scribers and advertisers of a newspap
er if they discover they are not get
ting the same treatment meted out to
It is not the duty of any ieputable
family newspaper to print all the
news. Much of the news of the day is
not fit to print. Much of it is so in
ane and trifling that it would be a
shame to burden the columns of a good
journal with it. Some of it is of such
trivial importance as to make it im
material whether it is printed nor
not. Some of it being of a personal
nature, may be used as suits the coin
fcrt, convenience or desire of the per
sons immediately affected. The editor
must be able to exercise a fair degree
of judgment aud he must be willing
to listen to any suggestions that
friends or interested parties may offer.
But the supreme duty which the
editor owes to hie readers is honesty
and impartiality. He lias the right to
adopt any course he prefers so long as
he makes 110 unfair or unjust discrim
ination But the humblest citizen
should receive from the honest aud
truthful newspaper exactly the same
treatment, under similar circumst
ances, that is accorded the mau of mil
lions. When an editor refuses to do
rhat lie ought to b*3 discharged. When
<ie is no louger able to do it he ought
co resign. That much the people have
a right to expect from a journal which
Can you believe your Senses ?
When two of them, taste and smell,
having been impaired if not utterly
destroyed, by Nasal Catarrh, are fully
restored by Ely's Oream Balm,can yon
doubt that this remedy deserves all
that has been said of it by the thou
sands whom it has cured? It is appli
ed directly to the effected air-passages
and begins its healing work at once.
Why not get it to-day? All druggists
or mailed by Ely Bros., 66 Warren
Street, New York, on reciept of 50
Will Protect Game,
Mt. Oarmel hunters assembled in the
office of Justice of the Peace Levi
Dietrick aud pas3ed resolutions to
protect the game, which is being kill
ed off by illegal hunters The men aud
that they would arrest any one they
cstob buotlog cut of season.
' TURNED THE JOKE.
The Way a Bridegroom Got the Laugh |
on His "Funny" Chum.
Under the thin disguise of harmless
fuu many an unpardonable rude prank
Is played ui>on newly married couples.
It Is refreshing to hear of an occasion
al instance In which the "Joke" reacts
on the joker. A young man and his
bride, who had just been married In a
western town, were starting on their
wedding Journey. They had managed
to reach the train in safety despite the
showers of rice and old shoes.
Just as they had taken their seats in
the car one ot the bridegroom's chums
came hastily into bid him goodby. As
the young husband extended his hand
the friend snapped a handcuff round
The groom had been suspecting a
trick of some kind, and before the
practical Joker could play a similar
trick 011 the bride he found the other
i handcuff snapped round Ills own wrist.
| He was chained to the happy bride
; groom himself.
I "That's a good one on me, Harry,"
he said, with a sickly kind of smile,
"but I'll have to ask you to come to the
door with me and get the key to these
things from the fellow outside that's
got it. Hold 011, conductor, just a min
But the conductor, whose quick eye
1 had taken In the situation, refused to
! wait. He gave the order for starting,
and the train pulled out. It was a
through train and made no stop for
the next fifty miles. Before it stopped,
however, the brakeman, with the aid
of a sharp Hie and a hammer, succeed
\ ed in releasing Harry. The practical
j Joker meanwhile had had to pay full
I fare for the fifty miles and still had
| his fare home to pay.
The Way It Classifies the Greatest
Men of the Nation.
i The Petit Piirislen In 1900 conducted
n very interesting plebiscite, the object
of which was to ascertain who, In the
opinion of its readers, were the ten
greatest Frenchmen of the nineteenth
century. More than 15,000,000 votes
were given, and the result was that
Fasteur came out at the top of the poll
with 1,338,42.") votes. The next were
Victor Ilugo, who received 1,227,103
votes; (Jaiabetta 1,155,072, Napoleon
1,118,034, Thiers 1,039,453, Lazare Car
not 050,772. Curie 851,107, A. Dumas
pere 850.002, Dr. ltotfX 003,941 and
Parmentier 408,803. Immediately fol
lowing were Ampere, the electrician;
Brazza, the explorer; Zola, Lamartln*
It will be observed with Interest how
large Is the proportion of scientific
men In the number of those who, In
the opinion of Frenchmen, occupy the
highest places In the records of the
country. Napoleon Is only fourth,
though Fasteur heads the list, and
Curie. Roux and Farmentler, the chem
ist who introduced the culture of the
potato Into France, are also honored,
while Ampere and Brazza are not far
behind. Literary men and statesmen
dispute with the scientists for the
highest distinctions, aud the national
sentiment of France Is evidently ec
It Is Not Known What Purpose These
The tonsils are two collections of
glandlike structures at the back part
of the mouth, one on each side, be
: tweeu the pillars of the palate. It Is
not known what purpose they serve.
Some have supposed that they arrest
the germs of disease which may be In
haled or taken In with the food, but
they evidently can catch very few of
the germs which rapidly pass them In
the food or water or In the air which
: Is Inhaled, and it Is well they cannot,
» for they are themselves very suscepti
ble to disease, as some sufferers know
to their sorrow. Others have thought
they serve an evil purpose, acting as
portals of entry for many disease
germs into the body.
The tonsils are very liable to become
inflamed. This condition constitutes
tonsilltls, or, when an abscess forms,
quinsy. Young persons, over fifteen
and under thirty, are most subject to
inflammation of the tonsils, although
children and even those well along in
life may suffer. It occurs with special
frequency in those whose tonsils are
enlarged and usually In persons who
are "run down" In general health or in
whom the power of resistance has been
lowered as a result of worry or over-
, The extra study in preparing for a
difficult examination In school or col
lege and the anxiety concerning the re
r suit not uncommonly bring on an at
l tack of quinsy, especially in those of s
so called rheumatic tendency.
There are various kinds of tonsilltls,
but the symptoms of all are quite slm
r Uar in the beginning. The patient feels
111, has chilly sensations, loss of appe
-5 tlte, more or less headache perhaps,
t constipation, feverish ness and a feel
t lug of discomfort or actual pain In the
throat. Soon the fever becomes high,
the throat is dry, swallowing Is pain
ful, there is often more or less earache,
and the patient seems seriously 111.
Suppuration may or may not occur.
The pain and throbbing are most se
vere when it does.
The attack lasts usually from two or
three days to a week and is apt to ter
minate quite suddenly, although If but
j one tonsil has been affected recovery
may be delayed by an extension of the
B inflammation to the other tonsil. In
- that case the whole tiresome process
must be gone through with again.
The disease is almost always serious
1 enough to require the physician's care,
j for the treatment calls for Internal
t ! remedies as well as local applications.
Whatever else Is done, the bowels
0 should be kept opeu from the begln
-1 niug of the attack.—Youth's Compan
The Popular Song.
The definition of popularity as given
by a salesman In a large music store is
112 one that may be applied to other things
y Ixesides songs.
j "Is this a popular song?" asked a
young woman, holding up a sheet of
music brilliantly decorated in r«'d and
•'Well. no. mlis," said the salesman,
- assuming a judicial air, "I cau't kh y it
b is as yet. Of c » , .ir e lots peo. le are
. singing it. an;! cseybrn'y likes If. !>ut
„ nobody's got tir <1 en ,ugh of it yet for
j It to be what you'd call a popular song,
:> DI,SB ' M
TH 2 Contrast.
A small nagro hoy was putting his
head against th.> marble steps of the
enpitoi. He would step hack a few
9 feel aa l tiu*n run toward the steps,
i xtrlki.i them full force with his freud.
3 "What on earth are you doing that
_ I for, I " as'.ed a senator who came
. by. "Are y u g.dug to tight a goat?"
"Nav\ fuli. i's doln' it cause It feels
7 so good when I don't." Rochester
Democrat and Chronicle.
An Incident of the Boyhood Days of
One does uot readily associate our
martyred president, William McKlnley,
with an ambition to become an actor, !
but fu a grouping of eminent person
ages who have conceived at one time
or another in their lives a passion to
trend the hoards we find the subjoined
"It was while holding the humble
position of clerk at a hat store In Cin
cinnati that Mr. McKlnley became
stagestruck and ouce confessed that
he did not outgrow his desire to be
come an actor for many years after
ward. This desire arose through wit
nessing the Shakespearean plays as
presented by the great tragedian, Ed
win Forrest, for whom Mr. McKlnley
conceived a great admiration.
" 'lmagine my feelings,' the presi
dent said on one occasion when relat
ing his boyish ambitions, 'when For
rest walked Into our store one day to
make a purchase. I rushed to the
front In order to serve my ideal hero
of the theater. The sale, however, was
made by an older clerk, but I was
given the privilege of pressing and
stretching the hat. The great actor
stood near me, observing my work, and
the smile of appreciation which hs
gave me was one of the events of my
youth.' "—Scrap Book.
NO SENSE OF HUMOR. .
A Scientist's Criticism of a Comic
Book For Children.
Charles Monselet, a Frenchman of
letters, published a comic "scientific
dictionary" for the benefit of children,
who found 110 little amusement In his
odd accounts of tilings in the animal
world which were perfectly familiar
to them, but which were described In a
rather fantastic way In M. Monselet's
The editor of a certain scientific Jour
nal, however, was much surprised and
shocked at M. Monselet's Ignorance
when he took up the book, and he
wrote an article about It in his paper,
which ran as follows:
"A certain M. Monselet lias publish
ed a dictionary for the use of children,
which contains definitions showing the
most extraordinary ignorance, such as
" 'Sardine—A little fish without any
head which lives In oil.'
"As If a fish could live without a
head and in oil!
44 'Parrot—A bird somewhat resem
bling the pigeon, generally green when
It Is not red or yellow or blue. Cocka
toos sometimes live to be a hundred
years old, except when they are stuff
ed, and then there Is no limit to the
leugth of their life.'
"Now, It happens that the parrot Is
not a pigeon at all and never has the
colors that M. Monselet gives to him,
and, In short, this M. Monselet knows
no more of natural history than he has
grains of common sense."
HANDLING A TIGER.
Bow u Turkoman Subdued a Snarl
liijc. Anicr>- Man Eater.
"In a cage near th» room In which 1
lived while In Khiva," says Langdon
Warner in the Century Magazine,
"was a tiger from the Oxus swamps
He had taken a dislike to me, and
every time I passed his cage he got
up aud paced angrily toward me,
"Into the cage of this beast, at th«
command of the prince, a Turkoman
stepped, armed with a short stick aa
big round as his wrist. With thie
stick he struck the tiger's nose as he
made for him, and then, with palma
out and eyes fixed, he walked slowly
up to the shrinking beast and stroked
his face and flank.
"The tiger snarled and took the
man's hand in his open inouth. I held
my breath and looked for the bleed
lng stump to fall away; but, keeping
that hand perfectly still, with the
other lie tickled the tiger's Jowl and
scratched his ear till with a yawn and
a pleased snarl the big cat rolled
over on his back to have his belly
"The man then sank to his knees,
always keeping his hands in motion
over the glossy fur, and with his fool
drew toward liim a collar attached to
a chain. Tills he snapped round th«
beast's neck and, rising to his feet,
laid hold of the chain and dragged the
"This was only the second time thai
the cage had been entered. As soon
as the tiger was outside he espied the
watching party aud started for them,
! but came up short 011 the collar. If be
had chosen to use his weight and
strength 110 four of them could have
' held his tether, but as it was the
J Turkoman found little difficulty wltb
1 him and held him, snarling, while 112
I camera was snapped."
They May Be Detected by the Hole
Drilled Through Them.
j The means of ascertaining the genu
• lneness of pearls, which are frequently
Imitated with marvelous skill, is es
-1 pecially Important to the layman, even
] though the jeweler may quickly detect
i them. Imitations are usually lighter
than real pearls and generally are brit
tle. although some are made solid of
; flsh scales and do uot break so easily,
while the holes, which in the real pearl
are drilled very small and have a sharp
edge, are in the false larger and have a
blunt edge. As a rule, the imitation
pearls are like hollow spheres of glass
colored Internally with a coating imi
tating the orient of natural pearl.
The manufacture of these articles
embraces two series of operations—the
production of the sphere and the intro
duction of coating. The spheres are
produced b> the glassblower, who by
aid of an enameler's lamp solders the
extremity of a tube w h eu the sub
stance Is of the right < ousisteney. In
this way are obtained very regular lit
tle spheres that serve for the composi
tion of the ordinary qualify of false
In the more beautiful imitations the
tube employed Is slightly opalescent,
and the glassblower, besides, gives to
the little spheres while they are yet
malleable certain slight perceptible in
equalities of surface by gently tapping
them with a small Iron bar. This gives
them a still greater resemblance to
natural pearls, which are very seldom
Adam and Ere.
Adam whs making his avowal to
"No power shall ever take you from
my side," he declared fervently.
"That's a pretty rash promise, isn't
It," Inquired Eve, winking, "since you
know I was taken from your side the
first thing after you arrived here?"
Perceiving that the woman was giv
ing him a lib roast, Adam went off
sulking in the apple orchard. Ex
AN EARLY CALL
Mark Twain's Story About Hit Ab- 1
One? bitter December night Orion
(Mark Twain's brother) sat up reading
until 3 o'clock in the morning and then,
without looking nt a clock, sallied forth
to call on a young lady. He hammered
and hammered at the door; couldn't
get any response; didn't understand It
Anybody else would have regarded
that as an indication of some kind 01
other and would have drawn Infer
ences and gone home, but Orion didn't
draw inferences. lie merely hammered
and hammered, and finally the father
of the girl appeared at the door In a
dressing gown. He had a candle In
his hand, aud the dressing gown was
all the clothing he had on, except an
expression of welcome, which was so
tJblck and so large that It extended all
down his front to his Instep and nearly
obliterated the dressing gown. But
Orion didn't notice that this was an
unpleasant expression. lie merely
walked In. The old gentleman took
him Into the parlor, set the candle on
a table and stood. Orion made the
usual remarks about the weather and
sat down—sat down and talked and
talked and went on talking, that old
man looking at him vindictively and
waiting for his chance, waiting treach
erously and malignantly for his chance.
Orion had not asked for the young
lady. It was not customary. It was
understood that a young fellow came
to see the girl of the house, not the
founder of It. At last Orion got up
and made some remark to the effect
that probably the young lady was
busy and he would go now and call
again. That was the old man's chance,
and he said with fervency, "Why, good
land, aren't you going to stop to break
fast?"— Mark Twain's Autobiography
In North American Review.
FOUND A HOLE FOR HIM.
Bxiierirnve of n Young M*n la '
Hl* Start lu Bualneaa.
Here Is something that should appeal
to every young man starting out In
business: "When 1 came to New York," j
said a bright fellow to me, "1 engaged
by the year as entry clerk with a large
dry goods house. I soon found out I
couldn't get along with the superin
tendent, a dictatorial, domineering
man. Being young and brash, I 'sass- I
ed' him, which made matters all the
worse for me. At last my position be
came unbearable, and I quietly looked
around for 'another place. The man
ager of a great grocery house asked
where I worked and why I wanted to „
make a change. I told him In all frank
ness, and he asked me to come around
in a few days. I guess I talked alto
get her too much. When I called he
said, 'I have uo place open at present,
but 1 guess I can find a hole for you.' j
That was enough. T went back to my
store and resigned.
"The next morning 1 presented my
self before the manager of the grocery
house. 'As I told you,' said he, 'I have
no place open at present,' and walked
away. 'But,' said I, 'didn't you tell me
you would find a hole for me?' 'I did/ .
he answered back. 'Ain't you In It?*
He then added, 'Mr. R., the superlO'
tendent of the firm you have been
working for is my brother.* I have
worked since then with my hands In
my pockets, and the lesson took a good
deal of the freshness out of me. It
taught me to look before I leaptd."— I
New Vork Press.
THE CHILD'S MIND.
Give It a Chance to Develop by Kta
The littler they are the better, be
cause farther removed from the world
that Is ours and deeper placed in their
own world. A good baby radiates
peace. Every one who Is rightly con- i
stituted smiles at the sight of it.
They are busy, they are cheerful.
As a rule, they seem to be kind to one
another. They are not bored, and un
less the weather Is insufferable or they
are sick they are not depressed.
What philosophers! What heroes!
Is it strange that the attitude of an
unperverted child should be the Chris- I
The great merit of children as com- 1
panious lies in the breadth of their
tolerations. They are easy to please,
agreeable to most propositions aud not
They do not "kuow better." That Is 1
one of their delightfulest traits. Chil
dren will trust you, and that Is one of ,
the most gratifying compliments pos
In the company of children you have
relief in considering what will pay.
The things that they do and prefer to
do, do not pay, as a rule, except In the
doing of them.
Wise elders who are qualified to
tralu the mind of a child are pretty
scarce. The next best thing Is the
elder who Is wise enough to reßpect
the child's mind aud give it a chance
to develop iu a sympathetic atmos
phere by its own natural processes.—
E. S. Martin in Harper's Magazine.
OLD TIME STYLES.
The Fashions In Ladies' Hats In Rich
mond After the War.
A southern lady in a diary which she
kept throughout the civil war tells of
a bonnet which she made and which
was regarded as "quite stunning." The
author of "Dixie After the War"
quotes from the diary as follows:
We had been wearing coal scuttle
bonnets of plaited straw, trimmed with,
corn shuck rosettes. I made fifteen one
spring, acquired a tine name as a mil
liner and was paid for my work.
I recall one that was quite stunning.
I got hold of a bit of much worn white
ribbon and dyed It an exquisite shade
of green with a tea made of coffee ber
ries. Coffee berries dye a lovely green.
You might remember that If you are
ever In war and blockaded.
W r hen the northern ladies appeared ,
on the streets of Richmond they did j
not seem to have on any bonnets at all. j
They wore tiny, three cornered affairo,
tied on with narrow' strings, and all
their hair showing in the back. We
thought them the most absurd and
trifling things. But we made haste to
The Yankees introduced some new j
fashions in other things besides clothes
that I remember vividly, one being 1
canned fruit. I had never seen any i
canned fruit before the Yankees came.
Pleasant Innovations In food were like
to leave lasting impressions on one
who had been living on next to nothing
for an Indetinite period.
young Foley looked so downcast that
the market man asked why he carried
such a long face.
"Fired," returned Foley concisely.
"Fired?" repeated the market man.
"Give you any reasou for doing it?"
"Yep," Foley said, with the air of i*
martyr. "The boss said he was losing
money ou the things I was making."
"Is that so? What were you mak
[MALE DRESS REFORM
IT IS HOPELESSLY HAMPERED BY THE
STIFF WHITE SHIRT.
The Way Thla <;nrment Interferes
With Hotli Health aud Comfort.
Some of the Ahaurditlen of the Prea
ent Moneuline Style of Attire.
The necessity by which men feel co
erced of proving to the world that they
wear white shirts lies at the basis of
111 the difficulties of the dress problem.
Until the garment becomes extinct
It is hopeless to attempt the reform of
men's dress on the lines of health and
It will of course ultimately disap
pear, for it is but the mark of a stage
in the evolution of dress, Just as the
vermiform appendix is a useless evolu
tionary remnant In the body. But the
question Is whether we ought to await
the slow course of evolution or to use
our common sense and abandon the
ancient garment at once.
Why do we wear white shirts? Ages
ago It was only the wealthy who could
afford to clothe themselves In linen.
Tlte possession of linen underwear was
tl en a mark of social position, and
there was an obvious advantage In
making public display of it.
We may put down three-fourths of
rfie discomfort of the hot summer to
the account of the starched shirt. It
prevents the very process devised by
nature to keep the body cool—the evap
oration of sweat. In so far as it hin
ders this natural process In summer, !
the white shirt favors disease. But In
winter it is a fruitful cause of Illness, i
In winter the mere wearing of a
white shirt would no doubt leave a
man no better and no worse if he were
content to wear It for his own satisfac
! tlon. But the curious law of evolution
j comes in and compels him to wear it
1 a way as to do himself physical
| Wherever evolution is at work it
leaves vestiges—literally, footprints.
Probably it is millions of years since
the vermiform appendix became a use
less organ, but it still survives. All
evolutionary survivals appear to be
harmful. The appendix is the seat of
appendicitis. In the inner corner of
the eye there is the remnant of a once
useful third lid, which now only lodges
dust and causes irritation,
j The lord chancellor's wig was once a
comfort iu ancient drafty legislative
chambers and now merely serves to
make a sensible man look ridiculous
and give him headaches.
People who drew up laws were long
ago paid accordlLg to the number of
words, 1 it the multiplicity of words
now only causes confusion. So the
white shirt that was once a badge of
wealth and culture, being no longer of
value for that purpose, is only a cause
of discomfort and disease.
It Is necessary to cut a piece out of
| the vest and the coat, just over the
most Important organs of the body, in
order to prove to our neighbors that i
we wear white shirts. Consequently
In the winter time we expose the lungs
and the air passages to the cold wind •
and the cold rain.
| From the point of view of health ,
nothing could be more stupid. Bron- '
chitis is one of the most deadly of all
diseases in this country. Bronchitis Is
simply Influnnnatlou of the bronchial
tubes. This inflammation is excited ;
by a chill, a chilling of that part of
| the body left exposed in order to show
that we wear white shirts.
The white shirt, in fact, might ap
pear iu the tables of the registrar gen
' eral as the cause of so many deaths,
j perhaps 100,000 a year.
• And does It really improve a man's
appearance? By virtue of the assocla*
tlon of Ideas it certainly does. Usual
ly men who do not wear white shirts
are not given to cleanliness. The man
' who wears a white shirt washes his
face and hands and brushes his clothes;
hence when we see a white front and
white cuffs we experience that pleas
ant sensation produced by general
1 neatness of the person and clothing.
But that a few square Inches of white
clothing over the chest makes a man
look better is an absurd conclusion.
The case for the white shirt has not
a leg to stand upon. The garment is
uncomfortable, unhealthy and unbe
coming. And as It has lost the only
useful function It ever possessed—that
is, its symbolism of exceptional wealth
I —we ought to discard it altogether.
The dlflicultles of this course are very
great no doubt. What we want Is an
j "antiwhlte shirt society," which would
agree to wear, from some prearranged
date, a dress designed wholly with re
gard for comfort, health and beauty.—
T. F. Manning in London Gossip.
BEES IN WARFARE.
Two Inatancea In W T hlch the Insects
Were lined aa Weapona.
History records two instances in
which bees have been used in warfare
as weapons against besieging forces.
The first is related by Applan of the
siege of Tliemiscyra, In Pontus, by Lu
cullus In his war against Mlthridates.
Turrets were brought up, mounds were
built, and huge mines were made by
the Romans. The people of Themis
cyra dug open these mines from above
and through the holes cast down upon
the workmen bears and other wild
animals aud hives or swarms of bees.
The second instance is recorded in
an Irish manuscript In the Bibllotheque
Royale at Brussels and tells how the
Danes and Norwegians attacked Ches
ter, which was defended by the* Saxons
and some Gallic auxiliaries. The Danes
were worsted by a stratagem, but the
Norwegians, sheltered by hurdles, tried
to pierce the walls of the town when
"what the Saxons and the Gaeldhll
who were among them did was to
throw down large rocks, by which they
broke down the hurdles over their
heads." What the others did to check
this was to place large posts uuder the
! What the Saxons did next was to put
j all the beer and water of the town Into
the caldrons of the town aud boll them
i and spill them down upon those who
were under the hurdles, so that their
skins were peeled off. The remedy
which the Lochlans applied to this was
to place hides outside ou the hurdles,
j What the Saxons did next was to
■ throw down all the beehives In the
! town upon the besiegers, which pre
! vented them from moving their hands
I or legs from the number of bees which
1 stuns theni They afterward desisted
and left the elfy.
i There is a general Impression that
' the humidity of the air Is greater In
the woods than In the open fields.
This Is contradicted, however, by the
result of observations made In Ger
many. It was found there that the
humidity, both relative and absolute,
was slightly greater in the open than
In the woods, and this was true equal
ly In the morning and in the after
noon. As to the temperature of the
air anions the trees, it was a trifle
higher than In the open in the morn
ing and in a more marked degree in
THE LICORICE PLANT.
Where It Grows and How Its Blaok I
Juice Is Treated.
j Black licorice is made from the juice j
of the licorice plant, mixed with starch j
to prevent It from melting in hot
weather. The licorice plant grows for >
the most part ou the banks of the
Tigris and Euphrates rivers, which
flow through immense treeless prairies j
of uncultivated land. The climate of ■
these great plains Is variable. Half the
year it Is mild and pleasant, but for j
three months It Is very cold, and for
three months In summer hot winds
sweep across the country, raising the
temperature to 104 degrees for weeks
at a time.
The licorice plant is a shrub three
feet high and grows without cultlva- 1
tion in situations where Its roots can
reach the water. The usual time of
collecting Is the winter, but roots are
dug all the year around. At first the
root is full of water and must be
allowed to dry, a process which takes
nearly a year. It Is then cut Into small
pieces from six Inches to a foot
long. The good and sound pieces are
kept, and the rotten ones are used for
As the valley of the Euphrates con
tained one of the earliest civilizations
In the world, It Is probable that licorice
is about the oldest confection extant
and that the taste, which pleases near
ly all children today, was familiar to
the little brown boys and girls of
Babylon and Nineveh 3.000 years ago.
THE FIRST ZOO.
China, It Seems, Counts That Among
Her Many Records.
The Chinese had the first zoo. Men
ageries are thought to owe their ori
gin partly to the cult of sacred aul
mals and partly to the ambition of j
rulers to possess specimens of rare and
valuable creatures from foreign lands j
or savage beasts from their own. Iu j
the simplest forms zoological gardens ;
were one of the earliest developments j
of culture and were familiar to the
Chinese, Indians. Greeks, Romans and
pre-Spanish Mexicans lu ancient times.
The oldest recorded menagerie is Chi
nese. dating from 1150 B. C. The den
of lions kept by Darius, as described
In the book of Daniel, Is an example
'of one of those primitive menageries,
while the cult of sacred white horses
by the ancient Greeks and Romans
and that of so called white elephants
lu Burma and Slam are Instances of a
second type. A live giraffe was re
ceived at the menagerie of Schonbrunn
as early as 1828.
The Paris establishment Is regarded
as the earliest entitled to the deslgna
tlon "zoological gardens" In the mod
ern sense of that term, which owes Its
origin, however, to the formation of
the menagerie In the Regents' park.
Of German establishments of this sort
the one at Berlin Is the earliest.
American zoos, notable among which
Is New York and Chicago, are among
the completest In the world. Ex
Roman House Heaters.
' The methods used by the Romans for
warming their houses were clever. In
Rome Itself artificial warmth may have
been brought rarely into use, though
; the Italian winter requires fires at
times, but when the Roman took up
his abode abroa js the conqueror he
certainly lived In chilly climates. In
the country houses he built In England
he had carefully devised heating ar
rangements, which are called hypo
causts. These are flues running un
der the tessellated floors. Fires were
lit outside of the house, and the hot
air passed under the floors. To do
this much required a knowledge of
the builder's art, with the necessary
precautions against fire. Itefnnants of
these hypocausts are found today In
England, built during the RomaD oc
The Word "Clan" and the Relation c#
Clansmen and Chief.
Everybody knows that the wor<J
"mac" (pronounced In Gaelic machk)
means son, so that, for example. Mac-
Donald literally means the son of Don
ald. But It is not generally known
that when a woman is spoken of the
highlanders substitute for "mac" the
feminine "nich," which means daugh
ter; that the vocative of "mac" is
"vichk" (we spell phonetically), which
always replaces mac when a person
(s addressed, and that the nominative
plural Is mlchk (sons) or claun (chil
dren). Sir Walter Scott's Ignorance of
Gaelic frequently led him Into error
upon these points, both In his poetry
and in his novels.
The meaning of the Gaelic word clan,
as just stated, is children, and the obe
dience which clansmen owed to their
chief was considered by them rather
as the affectionate obedience duo by
children to a father than as that due
by subjects to a ruler. They believed
themselvcß to l>e all blood relations
descended from a common ancestor, of
which their chief was the living repre
sentative. The clansman who hesitat
ed to save his chief's life at the ex
pense of his own was regarded as a
coward who fled from his father's side
In the hour of peril. On the other
hand, the chief was expected at all
times to acknowledge the meanest of
his clan as his relation and to shake
hands with him wherever they might
happen to meet. Subordinate to the
chief and generally related to him
were the chieftains and
DIET AND HEALTH.
Use Foods That Will Give the Bystem
the Oil It Demands.
Every person requires a certain
amount of oil in his food in order to be
healthy. Our ancestors lived to a large
extent on olives, filberts, chestnuts
and other nuts containing oil. The
present generation uses too little oil in
Its diet. This can be taken In the
shape of the pure expressed olive oil,
as an emulsified salad dressing or by ,
eating nuts, olives, etc. It may be a
matter of choice how the system gets
its oil, but a certain amount is essen
tial to the enjoyment of good health.
The good results of the habitual use of
the above artfcles In the diet are soon
shown, especially when persons are in
clined to colicky Indigestion and con
stipation. Doctors will do well to in- (
struct their patients to use pure olive <
oil in moderate doses, also as dressing '
for salads. Various kinds of nuts have
a high dietetic value because of the
oils which they contain and can be
used to advantage. When patients in- ■
cllue to consumption, pure cod liver 1
oil ranks at the head of oily sub- 1
stances, but the lesser oils also can be
taken in moderation.
Nature furnishes many cures for the
successful treatment of diseases if we
\vil| but study her methods instead of
following fads. The result will be a i
greater progress in building up resist
ance and Immunity from disease.— '
THE MALE OPERA HAT.
Why It Rises Superior to Any Pasting
Meu genera 11 j protest against the
changes of style In hats, and one of
• the sex has written to the New York
I Mail this complaint:
Why attack as a "collapsible, many
j named pretender" the opera hat, or
eliapeaii de cinque?
| I have snrh a hat and also a silk hat,
| in which re , ect I think I differ from
j most Oothamites. Whenever 1 have
j an option I wear the opera rather than
j the other. It's more convenient.
I At the theater or opera you can car
i ry It better on your between the acts
I promenades. If there is no rack for
your hat under the seat you can tuck
• it in your overcoat and put it on the
floor under you without destroying it,
as yon would do with a silk hat.
If you put your lint in the rack un
der your seat and then rise and stand
close to It to permit a late comer to
pnss Mil opera hat suffers no damage.
A silk hat would be either ruffled or
'J'l • opera hat looks as well at all
tin • • as the .«ilk hat and requires
much less care. Indeed, I think it
look* betler. The glossy surface of a
silk hat. like the glossy bosom of a
stiff whlie shirt, is an uneomfortable
survival of the time when men wore
polished helmets and breastplates.
There Is * > much reason In the opera
hat that men of discrimination will
, continue to v ear it, the style of the
Ol<l Time London Hfltliitf Club* and
Tlii'lp Mem hern.
| There weie three principal clubs—
, White's. Brookes' and Hoodies'. White'®
| was originally a "chocolate house" In
William 11l 's time, but became a pri
vate club early in the eighteenth cen
tury and was used by the Tories. It
was a club always noted for high play
and betting, and very curious some of
their bets were, the old wager book
being still preserved. Brookes' was
the Whig club and was then conduct
ed by that
i.iberal Ilrookes, whoso speculative skill
!.« hasty rmllt and a distant bill;
tY o. nursed in clubs, disdained a vulgar
Exulta to trust and blushes to be pale.
.\u»o ig tne members of this ciub
won- the Prince of Wales, aud, of
course, liis fid us Achates, Sheridan, be-
M«Je> t lie great Charles James Fox,
wli) here played deeply aud whose
name is oft recorded In the wager
book, which, however, is of older date
and was kept when the club was held
at A1 muck's. "Lord Northlngtou beta
>lr. C Fox, June 4, 1774, that he (Mr.
C. F.) is not called to the bar before
this day four years." "March 11, 1775,
Lord R.riingbrohe gives a guinea to
Mr. Charles Fox and Is to reuelve a
thousand from him whenever the debt
of this county amounts ta £171,000,-
UOO. Mr. Fox is not to pay the £I,OOO
till he Is one of his majesty's cabinet"
"April 7, 1791, Mr. Sheridan bets Lord
Lauderdale and Lord Thanet 25
guineas each that parliament will not
consent to any more lotteries after the
present >ue voted to be drawn In Feb
ruary next."—From "The Dawn of the
Nineteenth .Century," by John Ashton.
He (excitedly)—l tell you the hand
some dress that millionaire's wife is
wearing was paid for by blood money
She (calmly)—Ah, that accounts foi
the gore in the skirt-! Baltimore Amer
A l^Jj ! tl,e CATARRH
Eli's Cream Balm WppSSliSI
is quickly absorbed.
Gives Relief at Once. HEAdJ
It cleanses, soothes
heals and protects HP* y
the diseased mem
brane. It cures Ca
tarrh and drives
Head quickly. Ko UAV FFVFR
stores the Senses of ■ ™ »¥■»■•
Taste and Smell. Full size 50 cts., at Drug
gists or by mail; Trial Size 10 cts. by mail.
Ely Brothers, 56 Warren Street, New York.
The woman who has periodical head
aches, backache, sees imaginary dark
spots or specks floating or dancing before
her eyes, distress or heavy
full feeling in/tomach, faint spells, drag
ging-downAeel Ing In lower abdominal or
pelvic region, easily startled or excited,
irreguWfror painful periods, with or with
out irivic catarrh, is suffering from
weakntf-se* that should
have e.yly arention. Not all of above
symptoiM aoe likely to bo present in any
case at orte/ime.
Neglected or badly treated and such
cases run into maladies which de
man/ yfe surgeon's knife If they do not
Xo medicine extant hag such long
and numerous rm-nnl nl ci/ros in suclt
"""■ "*" r - ■'jTi-'s l iivorih' I'rr.iiaTiP
tiom - i\o medicine has such a strong
prwteifOT innnrtr nVi in, rtt rar.b fll"
several ingredients-wnrth mnro limn any
UlimTivr.nf imiJiwy nfm-jmnrsHniirilgg
11menials. The very best Ingredients
known to medical science for the cure of
woman's peculiar ailments enter into Its
composition. No alcohol, harmful, or
habit-forming drug is to be found in tlio
list of its ingredients printed on each
bottle-wrapper and attested under oath.
In any condition of the female system,
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription can do
only good—never harm. Its whole effect
is to strengthen, invigorate and regulate
the whole femaln system and especially
the pelvic organs. When these are de
ranged in function or a fleeted by disease,
the stomach and other organs of digestion
become sympathetically deranged, the
nerves are weakened, and a long list of
bad, unpleasant symptoms follow. Too
much must not be expected of this "Fa
vorite Prescription." It will not perform
miracles: will not cure tumors—no med
icine will. It will often prevent them, if
taken In time, and thus the operating
table and the surgeon's knife may be
Women suffering from diseases of long
standing, are invited to consult Doctor
Pierce by letter, free. All correspondence
is held as strictly private and sacredly
confidential. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce,
Buffalo, N. Y.
Dr. Pierce's Medical Adviser(looopages)
is s°nt free on receipt of 21 one-cent
stamps for pa per-covered, or 31 stamps
f or cloth-bound copy. Address as above.
No appetite, loss of strength, nervous
ness, headache, constipation, bad breath,
general debility, sour risings, and catarrh
of the stomach are all due to indigestion.
Kodol relieves Indigestion. This new discov
ery represents the natural Juices of diges
tion as they exist in a healthy stomach,
combined with the greatest known tonio j
and reconstructive properties. Kodol for
dyspepsia does not only relieve indigestion |
and dyspepsia, but this famous remedy 1
helps all stomach troublea by cleansing,
purifying, sweetening and strengthening I
the mucous membranes lining the stomach. '
Mr. S. S. Ball, erf Ravonswood, W. V«.. sty a:— I
" I was troubled with »our stomach for twenty yeara 1
Kodol cured me and we are now using It In milk |
Kodol Digests What Yon Eat |.
Bottles only. Relieves Indlcestlon, sour stomeek
belching of rat, eto. <
Prepared by K. O. DeWITT * 00., OHIOAQO, <
For Sale by Paulen & Co 11
j PERSONALS! j
Clareuce McMahou.of Philadelphia,
spout jesterriay with his mother, Mrs.
Thomas MoMahou, Spruce street. Mr.
McMnhou is rapidly recovering from
his recent serious illuess.
Her. E. 1). Dunn, of Nescopeck,for
merly pastor of the United Evangelic
al church in this city, called on Dan
ville friends yesterday.
Rev. Harry Miuskerwill return this
morning from the U. K conference at
John Diebert,delegate from the Dan
villo United Evangelical church, re
turned yesterday after attending the
sessions of the conference at Carlisle.
New Silk Mill at Shamokin.
Shamobin capitalists have closed a
contract with promoters in Patterson,
N. J., to establish a local Bilk mill iu
Shamokin that will give employment
to 300 people.
Pursuant to an order issuing out of
the District Court of the United States
for the Eastern District of the State
of Pennsylvania, the undersigned
Trustee of the estate of William H.
Latimer,Bankrupt, will expose at pub
lic sale or outcry, at the Court House
steps, in Danville, Montour County,
SATURDAY, Mar. 23,1907.
at 3 o'clock P. M.the following de
scribed real estate:
All that certain part of a town lot
of laud situate iu the First waril of
the Borough of Danville, County of
Montour,State of Pennsylvania, bound
ed and described as follows:
Fronting ou Front Street on the
Southward, adjoining other half of
same lot the estate of Patterson Johu
son, deceased, ou the Westward, an
alley ou tiie Northward and lot now
or formerly of William C Johnson,ou
the Eastward, containing in width on
Front Street twenty-five feet and ex
tmding back to alley one hundred aud
TERMS OF SALE: Three Hundred
Dollars shall be paid in cash,or certifi
ed check, up*a striking down of the
property; balance within thirty days.
J. HECTOR McNEAL, Trustee.
M. BRECKBILL, Auctioneer.
IK THE ORPHAN'S COURT OF
MONTOUR COUNTY. IN RE
ESTATE OF CATHARINE
HAHN, LATE OF THE BOR
OUGH OF DANVILLE, IN THE
COUNTY OF MONTOUR AND
STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA,
DECEASED. IN PARTITION.
The undersigned appointed by tha
aforesaid Court, to make distribution
of the fund paid into and remaining
in the said Court afterpayment of the
amount of costs and fees taxed and ap
proved by the Court, to and among the
parties legally eutitled thereto, will
meet all parties interested for the pur
pose of his appointment at his Law
Offices No. 106 Mill Street, Danville,
Montour County, Pennsylvania, on
FRIDAY, APRIL sth, A. D., 1907, at
eleven o'clock in the forenoon of the
said day, where and when all persona
having claims on the said fund are re
quired to make aud prove the same or
be forever debarred from thereafter
coiuiug in upon the said fund.
EDWARD SAYRE GEARHART,
Danville, Pa. Mar. 2. 1907.
Estate of Michael H. Wa'lize. late of
the Borough of Danviila, Montour
count l ,, deceased.
All persons indebted to said estate
are requested to make immediate pay
ment and those having legal claims
against the same, will present them
without delay in proper order for set
MRS. MARY JANE PERSINO,
Danville, Pn., Nov. Ist, 1908.
APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER OF
Petition of James Ryan of the 3rd
Ward of the Borough of Danville,
Peumi. for the trausfer of his hotel li
cense from its present location No.
5J6 Mill Street to the two story brick
building, situate ou the North East
Corner of Mill aud Centre Streets in
the said Borough, bounded on the
North by lot of James Grimes, on the
East by au alley, on the South by
Centre St., aud ou the West by Mill
St., and kuowu iu tiie plot of said
Borough as No. 500 Mill Street.
Will be presented to the Court of
Quarter Sessions of Montour County,
April 3 A. D. 1907, at 10 o'clock A.
. THOS. G. VINCENT.
Clerk Q. S.
Danville, Pa , March 13th, 1807.
Between 12th and 18th fct*. on Filbert St
Three minutes walk from the Read
ing Terminal. Five minute* walk from
the Penna. R. R. Depot.
SI.OO per day atid upwards.
♦2. 'to per day.
R-l P-A-N.S Tabu Its
A good prescription
The 5-cen' picket is enough for usua
oceassioi.s The family bottle (60 oents
oonta-'us a supply for a year. All drag
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