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American citizen. (Butler, Butler County, Pa.) 1863-1872, March 16, 1864, Image 1

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VOLUME 1.
The American Citizen.
112
13 published every XWlneedav in Hie borough ».f Butler,
by Themis Hobis«o\* K. Avdkkson on Main str.ret,
opposite to i II del—office up stairs in the bri<k
ormerlv occupied by Kli Yotter, as a. store
Tfrms:—i! 50 a year. If paid in advance. or within the
f.rst six months: or ii if n >t paid until dfter th^expira
tion of the first six months.
K *tks or A t>vr.uTn*ixoOne squire non.. (ten lines or
les«,) thrc»- in««M ti'-n* $1 On
Krery subsequent Insertion, per •qnaro. 2."i
Bimlhk*! card" of 11 line-* ot Icm f.»r one year, inclu
ding paper. f-00
faird of 10 lines or les* 1 year without paper 4 00
* ' Jb'M months 7 00
Ifcolnmn fitffno year 12 Of)
} jßolunm 112 >r sit months 13 0,1
column for one ye »r 2ft 00
| clemn for six m >nths 25 00
1 c.uiimn fir one year Oo
rrom the Chicago Times.
An Incident in Real Life.
< Upon what small events does the happi
ness. and even existence of individuals,
often depend ! Some years ago. there liv
ed in a small interior town in Ohio a young
woman, then but fifteen years of ago.—
She was the heiress of a large fortune held
by trustees. The will of her father strict
lv enjoined upon her that she was not to
marry until after she had terminated her
twentv-rfist year, lie had enforced this
injunction by ,strong nnd earnest appeals
to her affection', nnd by reminding her of
the untimely death of two elder sisters who
had ljeen married young, and had die 1
childless shortly after. Put, with most
prophetic judgment of her future lot, he
had added a still stronger inducement to
obtain her compliance with his request.—
He had stipulated that, in case of marriage
before attaining the prescribed age, the
trustees should by deed convey all bis es
tate to some distant relative. '1 he young
and handsome girl soon found herself the
attractive object of the attentions, the de
votions, and the importances of a score
of young men of the neighborhood. She
was aware of the provisions of her father s
will, and honestly intended to comply with
his so fervently expressed wish ; but soon
—too soiin. indeed—wastbat injunction to
appear liarsli, unkind, unfortunate, unrea
sonable.
Three years After her fathers death she
then beiug eighteen years of age, she 1 e
canic acquainted, at a festive party, with
an individual uporf whose honor, faith and
manliness her destiny was front that hour
to depend. 11? know her as a fair, accoui-,
plished girl, and as an heiress of half a
million. He wis but a visitor at that
town. He rcmatnfld their but a few week*,
but during that time succeeded too well
in leaving a highly favorable imprc:-* tin
of his worth upyn the heart of the lady.
He returned in one month, announcing his
intention to reside in that vil'age. The
vanity, not criminal, but natural vanity *•(
the woman was gratified ; she recognized
in this voluntary abandonment of his for
mer home and friends to.take up his res
idence there, a tribute from his heart to
lier own mental and personal attraction,
lie failed not in soon confirming that be
lief, and in protestations of deepaffection.
and un.ed the inevitable life of wretched
ness he would en Jure in ease of her rejec
tion. as well as by the displav of all the
outward accomplishments and bearing of
a gentleman, won her lave, and obtained
from her a promise of marriage. These
pnoecedings had liccn secret, and were en
tirely unknown to hergu.irdian, with tfhoni
she reside 1. The betrothment was soon
followed by an urgent request for juar
riagc. In her hour «112 blissful communion
with her lover, :die had almost forgotten
lier father's command. It ; t ow came upon
her with su Idcn n.,-i bitter force. She
answered the proposal of marriage by stat
ing that her command was
that she should noTmarry till twenty-one.
This he met with ridiculing the fears and
superstitions of a too anxious parent, and
holding out to her the alternative of obey
ing an unreasonable request of a deceased
parent, nuidc when a child, and when her
capacity for forming a proper alliance
could not be'determined, for the distress,
ruin. madness of a true and honest heart,
whipll could not exist if separated from
her.
The next objection uiet with more seri- j
ous consideration. She told him that she j
ieould not obtain her property till she was j
of full age. Though this was uuexpect- j
cd, aud did not at all agree with the hopes |
and uyn.s of the wily suitor, he Was too
well skilled in deception to betray his d»- ]
appointment. He therelbre • promptly in- !
tcrrupted her in her explanations- of the
•conditions of her father's the
«olemn assurances that wititiiiiu her for
tune had not a feather's weight; that he
loved her, and that love would be as pure,
aud as strong and as devoted had she beeu
reared iu poverty instead of the expectan
cy of wealth. Again and again she so't
'to explain to hiiu that with her marriage
before the period fixed by her father, slie
would sacrifice all her expected wealth;
but with the blindness which often over
takes and misleads avarice aud other base
passions of human nature, he assured her
that he knew all; that hp was aware ot
everything, that ho had enough for both,
and was prepared to remedy to the extent
of all he possessed any inconvenience she
might suffer, pecuniarily, from disobeying
her father's request. In telling her. that
lie knew all, he meant no falsehood ; ho
had made carefully disguised inquiries,
and by every one whom he addressed he
was told tliat "Miss (,'. would inherit her
father's fortune at twenty-one and not be
fore." ,
It did not suft his designs to unmask
his motives' and, disguising with indluer
cftice his questions, lie failed to ascertain
the wholu truth. Supposing her father's
will was simply framed to prevent the for
tune falling in any way, however remote
ly, under the control of her husband be
fore she reacted that mature age, he de
sired by marriage to secure it ultimately,
lie had good cause for speed; with him
prompt and secret marriage was essential,
fdV, penniless, he could not much longer
maintain appearances, or p.iy li s board, for
which he was largely* in arrears.
His apparent disinterestedness at length
prevailed over ihc daughter's obedience.
A false statement that her gua-rdian had
forbid him addressing her, with incessant
urging that business required IrispiWmce
in Xow V i.k. fir sevanl m>itln, swjpt
away all further objections to an immedi
ate and secret marriage. They were mar
ried privately at a neighboring village,
and, to the bride's surprite, he advised her
return to her guardian's house for a few
days. He rcturue Ito h : s own
and at mice, publicly, everywhere, and to
all he met, announced his marriage. In
a few hours he called at the house of his
newly wedded wife and as he entered it.
her guardian, who had jnst heard of.the
marriage, also entered. He was sternly
questioned as' to llie truth of the report,
and nobly avowed it, making no apology
for the unauthorized act. but assuming the
attitude of one who was entitled to admi
ration for a most successful manoeuvre. —
He demanded pennission to fee his wife;
lie called, and in their presence the
guardian bewailed tjic imprudence of their
«jndfict, and for the first time, the hereto
fore daringgroom lotirned that by her mar
riage his bride lif 1 forfeited the entire for
tune of her father.
Baffled, disappointed, cheated, thj late
ardent wo or stoj'nicd and raved ; be turn
ed upon the poor trembling woman to
whom, but a few hours before he had pledg
ed eternal, love and charge ! her with
basely deceiving him. m Overcome with
grief, she fainted, and before she recover
ed ho had left the house and city, She
heard no more of him for years. During
all that time, with the incomprehensibili
ty of woman's devotion, she had loved
him. II is name which for manj months had
been coupled with reproaches and con
t luicly, ueverpasscd her lips. She would
not believe him the mercenary villain lie
li id been represented. She still clung,
fondly to the hope that all the love lie had
professed was real. Weak, and broken in
spirit, that hope seemed to keep her alive.
During March of last winter, the courts j
had set aside Iter on the ground >
of fraud, and no one contesting her right. j
-he bccainc posses-orof a magnificent for- j
tune. ' The case was noticed in the papers. J
and some weeks after tho*c came a letter j
t.p liar. It wis from her lover aii--l.lius- j
band. lie had seen that notiecof the an- |
nulmeot of her marriage. That was arc
lief to him, for lie was on the eve of mar
rying again. But as money was his main
idea, disguised he visited the place ; he !
had hoard the story repeated with no fa
vorable references to himself.; he had
heard it more than h'titc 1 that she still
retained an affection for him; but, more'
than all, ho ascertained that she was now
sole possessor of that fortune which had
so strongly tempted him to wrong. He
returned, and addressed her the letter we ■
have mentioned. . It was full of repent- |
since , .it proclaimed that his life since he |
had left her had i>eea one of continuous j
misery. lie protested to be acquainted j
with what had passed, and with humility i
tendered again his love, declaring that as he
had bc?n the cause of her losing her wealth,
justice required that he shouldsharc with
her the fortune ho had amassed in the
growing city where lie lived." Unknown
to any oue she answered that letter, accept
ing his love, forgiving aud venturing ex
cuses for his past conduct, and informing
him that she was now prepared to give
him that inheritance which to them had
been the source of so much unhappiness.
That letter of hers was destined never to
reach him. —To avoid any conjectures
which might arise if seen to deposit a let
ter addressed to that name, she induced,
by a liberal reward, a neighbor's servant
whom she knew could not read, to take the
letter to the post, office. This servant to
get leave of absence, took with her one of
hermistress' children. To amuse the child
she aHowed it to carry the letter; and the
little oue, pleased with the red stamp, as
they walked along succeeded in removing
it. The letter was depdlited in the office
■ without a stamp, and was never of course
I sent.
" Let us have Faith that Right makes Might) and in that Faith let us, to the end,dare to do our duty as we understand it"— A I-incoln.
BUTLER, BUTLER COUNTY. PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16, 1864.
A few words in ire will close this briel
history. A month later, the lady's former
guardian, who was a politician, received a
Chicago newspaper, which had been sent
to hun because it contained a political
speech delivered in this city ; after read
ing it, he laid it down, with some remark
u|>oti the extraordinary growth of the city
in which it was printed. The name of
Chicago was heard by the lady ; she took
the paper, glanced, over it.and with a
shriek, fell faintingto the floor. In a week,
she was dead. In that paper was the an
nouncement of the marriage of her destroy
er.
Gen. Grant's Battles.
The Washington correspond 'nt of the
Cincinnati • Commercial says 'hat the fo -
lo ring names of the nattlos in whi. h (Jen.
Grant has been engaged in his life-time,
arc engraved on the sword r. ecntly pre
sent 1 to h 111 by the citizens of Joe Davie
county Illinois: ,
Palo Alto—May 8,1840.
Ke-aca de la > alma —May 9. 1810.
Monterey —Sept. I!.', 20 and 21. 18-1(5.
Vera Cruz Siege, March 7 t027,1517.
('err Gordo—April 18.
San Antonio—August 20. 1847.
Gherubu^co—August 20, 1817.
Molino del Kay—September 8, 1847.
•< hspultepfce— opt 18.1847
(iautaan • 'osuio —Sept Sept. 14, 1847.
( ityof Mexico—Sept. 14. IMI7.
Belmont—November 7. 1801.
Fort Henry—February 6,1802.
Port Donaldson—Feb. 18, 14, 15, and
10. I*o2
Shiloh—April 6. and 7, 1802.
Corinth siege.April 22 to May 20 1802
luka—Sept. 19,1802.
Hatchie—< )ctober 5.
Tallahatchie—December 1, 1802.
Furt Gibson—Mav I,IBOX.
Raymond—May 12, 18G-J.
.laevson—May 14, 1803.
Champion liill—May 16,1863.
Mack Hirer Bridge, May 17, 1803.
Yicksburg— 'uly 4,1863.
Chattanooga—Nov. 23, 25 and 2<>
1863.
In 'all twenty-seven battles.
ONLY A PRINTER! —"Iie is only a
printer," was the sneering remark of a
leader in society, lie was only a printer !
What is Prince Frederick William, who
married the princes Royal of England ?
lie, too, is a printer! Who was William
Caxton—one of the fathers of literature?
lie was only a printer ! What is Geo
D. I'rcntis, Charles Dickens, M. Thiers,
Douglas Jcrrold, Bayard Taylor, George
I', Morris, J. Gales, C. Richardson, N.
P. Willis and Senators Dix, Cameron,
N'iles. Bigler and King? They, too, are
all printers! What is Schuyler Colfax,
the present Speaker of the House of Rep
resentatives of the States? lie
is only a printer! What was Benjamin
Franklin? Only a printer! Everybody
can't be a printer—lilt A INS are necessary."
THE FORCE OF HABIT. —In the Dub
lin Univerzitt/ Magazine we have a biog
raphical sketch of Peter Burrows, the
celebrated barrister, and among the per
sonal anecdotes told of him is the follow
ing:
A friend called upon him one morning
in his dressing-room, and found him sha
ving, withjiis face to the wall. He asked
why he chose so. strange an attitude.—
The answer was to look in the glass.
'• Why." eaid his friend, '• There is no
glass there."
" Bless my soul." cried- Burrows, "I
did not notice that before."
Ringing the bell, he called his servant,
and questioned him respecting his looking
glass.
" Oh, sir, said the servant, ''mistress
had it removed nix itrek* ago."
AN ATTACK ON TUB PROFESSIONS.— J
The Slti/lnch who, with head erect, with j
honest people mingles, should cease to
shave his fellow-men, and goto shaving
shingles.
'flic lawyer would b?better oft", his con
science far less pliant, who owned a little
farm in fee, aud made that farm his client.
Wo Ijave some doctors in our midst,
whose taleuts they should use, .by prac
ticing the htiiltnr/ art —heeling boots and
shoes.
The minister, whose sage advice, a use
ful moral teaches, should mind and watch
as well as pray; and practice what he
preaches.
PROMOTION OF A PRIVATE TO A COLO
NELCY. —Private Geo. W.Baird, of Co. 11.
lJitfc invalids, a Connecticut Yankee, on
Thursday, passed the best examination be
fore Casey's Board, for Negro Commands
ever yet passed by any candidate thus far
brought before it. When the questioning
was ended by his skillfully handling a
brigade of infantry, iu all possible ' bad
fixes" in face gf the enemy, he was unan
imously voted to be a colonel.
SiSf A diver at St. Louis descended a
few days.since to the wreck of the Moder
| ator and not signalling as us*ial was pulled
| up and found to be dead.
From the AYaverley Magazine.
" AND MAN BECAME A LIVING SOUL.''
BY BAXUKL PATKK FORD.
Inanimate this body lay,
A senseless, auulle'J piece of clay,
Unconscious mi its kindred sod
That's framed by our Eternal God.
It was in wisdom thus designed,
A dwelling 112 ir iuintortal Mind.
Till hr»».»setl upon by Nature's King
It sprang oicttf, a living thing.
Oh ! wondrous change! such work sublime,
Accomplished in a m »mrnt> time,
The heavy eve devoid of sight,
\<>w fl<<idling with a living light;
The tongue, imm (table and cold,
Rehearsing syllables u tit old;
The brow no longer paled iu gloom.
Is tinted with a glowing bloom.
L'fe, vigorous life, with bounding start,
Thrill* of the heart,
Loap* in gl'io messages through the frame
Hack Lo*thuJbuntain whence it came;
Abu! that Peptics still sh »uld dare,
In terms of blispliLMny decl&ro,
Tlf I »ck of Infinitederiign.
In this mysterious frame of mine.
WIT'AND. WISDOM.
SoMEBoUY says that birch rods make
the best baby-jumpers.
. He who is controlled by the love of
money obeys the golden rule.
To what class of periodical literature
do soldiers contribute ? To reviews.
A CHANGE of heart now a days is bro't
about by the change in the pocket.
CORCKSCREWS have sunk more people
than corkjuckets will ever keep up.
THE merriest people in the world are
the Germans; they always piping
times.
THE literary style of asking for a slice
of ham at dinner is, " I'll thank you for
an elegant extract from Bacon-."
THE more music you can make on one
string, the less it will cost you to keep
your fiddle strung.*
A THOROUGHLY honest man will not
lie even to f.is dog, or in any way betray
the brute's confidence.
IF the very best man's faults were writ
ten on his forehead, he would pull his hat
over his-eyes.
WE should always put Jhe handsom
est face on everything without, tgthe ug
liness of our own.
THE American eagle must never be
divided. We can't think of pnttiug up
with a half eagle.
WELL-BEHAVED boys .may bo called
younkers; but ru3e and vulgar ones are
nothing but young curs.
A MAX of philosophical temperament
resembles a cucumber; for, although he
,may be completely cut up, he still remains
cool.
THE Providence Transcript says there
is a lady in that city so aristocratic that
she refuses to read a newspaper, because
it is made of rags !
AN exchange paper says:—"Parties
who have been in the habit of stealing the
editor's wood, will please take knots that
our devil can't split
DURING an argument the other day, a
Yankee declared that the Noith could
lick the South with a fleet manned with
women.
SOME men keep savage dogs around
their houses, so that the hungry poor who
stop to '• get a bitewhay got it outside the
.door.
A CELEBRATED philosopher used to
say, ''the favors of fortune atfc like steep
rocks; only eagles and creeping things
mount the summit."
PRIDE is sometimes a very good help- j
mate Uj a good fortune, but, like a Japan- |
cse wife, it should perish on the funeral j
pile of the estate.
" SUN'N'F.Y, does your father take a pa
per?" '-Yes, sir, two of 'em. One of!
'em belongs to Mr. Smith and the other j
to Mr. Thompson, 112 hooks 'cm both off;
the stoop as reg'lur as can be."
'• MR. JONES, you said yoWwere con- j
nected with the fine arts. Do you mean |
by that, that you arc a sculptor ?"
. '• No, sir, I don't sculp myself, but I
furnish the stone "for the man what does." j
A v, editor, describing the ef
fects of a squall upon a canal boat, says: !
" When tho gale was the highest, the un- ;
fortunate craft keeled to larboard, and thi*|
captain and another cask of whiskey roll- i
x'd overboard."
A COUNTRY youth who had retured :
home from the city? was asked by his anx- 1
ious father if he was guarded in his con- j
duct while there. "Oh, yes," was the;
reply of tho devoted son, " I was guarded
by two policemen part of the time."
" COTTON is going to be drafted. Is«."
remarked Valentine, languidly, as he dal
lied with the " En<Jish Items."
'• Is it so? " •
'• Yes," replied Valentine, they arc now
trying to find a substitute for it in Eng
land."
AN old darkey was endeaving to ex
plain his unfortunate condition. ,: You
see," remarked Sambo," It was in dis way
as far as I can remember: —Fust, my fad
der died, and den my mudder' married
again; and den my mudder died and my'
fadder married agin, and somehow I
doesn't seem to hab no parents at all, no
home nor nuifin."
GBn. Kilpatrick's Expedition-
WASHINGTON, March 3.—This after
noon's Star :. A\ r e have late and in
teresting information from.the front to.the
effect that (Jen. Kilpatrick, with a loree
of picked cavalrymen, has arrived at the
White House, and formed a junction with
a force sent up by Gen. Butler from the
Peninsula. These statements are based
upon the fact that two of Gen. Kilpat
rick's scouts have come back and made
the above report. The report is believed
in the army of the Potomac. Kilpatrick
is thus within a few miles of Richmond,
and as Gen. Butler is co-operating with
him, we may expect to hear of startling
news from that quarter in a day or two.
On his rcute to the White House, Gen.
Kilpatrick having orders so to do, avoided
meeting any largo force of the rebels.
After he had loft the front, another
party of eight hundred picked men were
sent out to communicate with him. They,
however, met a rebel force, an l as their
orders were not to light if a battle could
be avoided, they moved towards the East,
and the commandernot striking the direct
road, came upon a party of rebels, near
Fredericksburg, and captured them, burnt
their camps and destroyed a quantity of
army stores, and Hien proceeded on their
way tojoin^|patrick.
PHILADELPHIA, March s.—The Eien
iug publishes the following ac
count of raid from the spe
cial correspondent of the Tribune :
On Monday they reached the Virginia
Central railroad and tore up tli arrack in
four places, destroying whatever property
would render the road useless. At Fred
erick's Hall, on the Central Railroad, tliey
came upon a court martial, peacefully hol
ding its sessions, and captured a Colonel,
five captains,-and two lieutenants. Gen.
Lee had passed over the railroad, on his
way to his army, but an hour before our
men reached it. • .
Occasionally. Union families Were en
countered, who gave valuable information
and freely offering what they had to eat
and drink.
Leaving Fredericks Ilall on Monday,
they pushed onto Richmond. A detach
ment of 500, under Col. Dahlgren, keep
ing well to the right in the direction of
Louisa Court House,whilo Kilpatriek with
the main body, moved upon Ashland, both
parties scouring the country thoroughly,
and doing all possible damage. As the
forces uearcd Richmond, the two main
parties began' concentrating. Col Dahl
gren was to move down to the right of
Richmond, destroying as much of the
James River Caiml as possible, then ta
king the river road was'to cross opposite
aftd enter the city fromthe South side,
-and attempt the deliverance of the pris
oners on Belle Isle.
(Jen. Kilpatrick, with the main body. !
was to attack the city by the Brooke turn
pike simultaneously, if possible, with the
other movement. It was hoped to reach
the city on Monday night or early on the
following morning, when a partial, if nqt
a total, surprise *eoul4 be effected. Two
of those fatalities which more than once
during this war have snatched success
froui us, prevented ihe consummation of
the best conceived and most brilliant
plans of tho whole war.
Dalilgron lidd taken a negro, to pilot
him to Richmond, and ho led him towards
Goochland instead of Richmond, and on
Tuesday Dahlgrcn found himself several,
miles in just the opposite direction from
that lie Wished to take. The negro was
promptly hung for his treachery. Tlifc
men, exasperated by this, burned the barns
and out buildings of J. A. Seddins,the rebel
Secretary of war. Dahlgreft retraced his
steps down the river road, but did ligt
reach the immediate vicinity of Richmond
till the afternoon, when tjverybody was on
the alert, Kilpatrick having already made
the attack. Dahlgren's detachment was
divided into several parties for the accom
plishment of different objects, keeping
together, however. A very sharp fight
ensued on one party attempting, ty cross
thd river. They found the enemy in su
perior numbers confronting them on every
road, which compelled them to fall back.
In attempting to cut their way out, Major
Cooke, of the 2d New York, with about
one hundred and fifty men, got separated
from the rest. The other detachments
succeeded in rejoining Kilpatrick, but
nothing had been heard of this one.—
Meanwhile, Kilpatrick advanced down the
I turnpike to Ashland, and having torn up tho
; rails at that point, destroying the telegraph
ias he marched... At one station, however,
:an operator succeeded in sending a dis
: patch to Richmond, announcing the Yun
i kecs were coming. Less than fifteen
i minutes put Richmond on the qui vive,
j and it has since been ascertained that about
! a dozen pieces were put into a battery,
1 and new intrenchments thrown up while
I awaiting his arrival.
The troopj} reached tho outer forlifica-
dons early on Tuesday morning, and as
the spires and houses of the city eatne in
view, cheer upon cheer went up from our
men. ■ Hiding rapidly for, ard. tho outer
line of works were entered, and the rebels
being then surrounded, threw down their
aims, many of them surrendering, and
others taking to their heels. A fight en
sued at the next line, but the batteries
were too tiftch fur them, and so with his
battery,Kilpatrick opened upon the city
No-doubt the meu would have dashed upon •
stood iu the way, so en
thusiastic had they become.but Kilpatrick
acted the wiser, part, and as the shrill
whistle of the locomotive told of.the j
bringing up of reinforcements from Pick
ett's brigade, at Bottom's Bridge and vi- ;
cinity. he reluctantly gave the order to i
move towards Mechauicsville. On every j
road tho enemy's pickets confronted them, j
and a series of manoeuvres took place, in |
which thq enemy were found to boon the I
alert at every point. Night coming on, j
Kilpatrick halted, and made preparations j
to encamp. lie had chosen a place, how- j
ever, too near tho rebel camp, and of this j
act he was reminded by being sholled ouH
of his position. So the command groped 112
.its way on in darkness and gloom, fight- j
ingT when pressed too hard, and with the j
tell-tale-whistle of the locomotive, now I
warning them that troops wore being hur- ;
ried ou to Bottoms Bridge, iu the hope j
of cutting off their retreat.
On Monday Gen. Butler received# or- '
ders to send over a force to meet Kilpat
rick and assist him if necessary. This j
movement was part of Kilpatrick's plan
as proposed. Had he known of of cxpec- !
ted a force at New Kent Court House, or
[at Bottoms Bridge, lie would not have
turnod away from Richmond, but would
entreated Gen.Butler's forces to fight for
the same place. Two thousand infantry !
under Colonel Dankin, of the 4th I.". S. |
colored regiment, and 1,800 cavalry un- ,
der Colonel Spear, of the lltli PentisyK I
vania Cavalry, and IJelgers Ist Battery.)
the whole under command of Col. West, j
wove ordered to New Kent Court House,
there to be governed by circumstances as
to further movements. Thp infantry and J
colored troops left Yorktowu on Monday |
afternoon, and reached New Kent Court j
House about noon tin nest day. having I
made an extraordinary march through
rain and mud. The cavalry left Williams
burg on Monday night, and arrived on
Tuesday morning about eight o'clock.
I On Tuesday afternoon Col. Spear took
a portion of his cavalry force ami pro
ceeded to Tunstull's 'Station, where-he
destroyed a new steam .saw mill and (lie
Court House. After resting awhile (hey
resumed their march down the Peninsula.
(Jen. Davis, who led, had several men shot
by guerrillas, and Kilpatrick and his at
[ tondanta chased a body of them, capturing
a lieutenant and two men:' The forec
picked upon their way one of the escaped
prisoners—a Col. Watson or Watkins cf
an Ohio regiment. The men and horsiß
; have borne hard marching remarkably
well, the saddles V>t being removed di >-
ling the trip, and but little sleep given lu
the men. Over 500 prisoners wore take 1
but from the native of the expedition it
was impossible to bring theui in. The
casualties have not been ascertained.—
Col. Dahlgren. Major Cooke, an l Lieut.
"Col. Litchfield and aboui 150 men are
missing. Two much praise cannot be
awarded to Col. Dahlgren, nor too much
regret felt at his supposed capture.
FILIBUSTERG IN THE SENATE. —The -j
Ilarrisburg Teligraji/i says that the cop
perhead opposition are wasting the time
of the Senate, and delaying important pub
lic business, by a regular system of filibus
tering. in offering useless resolutions, cal.- '
tlie yeas and nays, and other conduct j
of an undignified and malicious character.
The minority have resolved to disgrace
and if possible destroy the reputation, of j
the Commonwealth. Beaten fairly, humil
iated and rebuked by the action of the
people, these desperate men now seek a 1
low revenge, and have adopted the "rule |
<-r ruiu"' policy as their guidance. Let
the people. look to the Senate. Let all
good men, who have at heart the houor
and the prosperity of the State, fairly re
gard tho action of the Seuators acting
with this minority, ltisa deliberate uud
a well laid plot to Insult tile action of the j
people, and in all its phases, it reminds us
of the conduct of the traitors in the United
States Senate, previous to their final with#
drawal fron'i that body. Does the eoursj
of the minority ip-the State Senate fore
shadow similar proceedings? Look to the
Senate, then, men of Pennsylvania.
The bill increasing the compensation of 1
tlie Commissioners of Allegheny county,
was reported favora!%.
ttai'-Gen. M'Clernand has arrived in
New Orleans, and been assigned to the
command of his old corps, which received
him with much enthusiasm. He com-,
manded this corps almost from its organ i- 1
zation up to the time his disagreement with
; Gen. Grant resulted in the order relieving
: him during ths progress of the siege of
' Vioksturg.
NUMBER 14.
AT HOME IN THE EVENING. —One of
the greatest neglects of youth, producing
incalculable mischief and ruin is tho
spending of his evenings abroad. Park
in.-s is temptation to misconduct; suffer
ing tho young to be out when"the light of
day docs not restrain them from miscon
duct, is training tliem to it. We havo
already an abundant harvest of this seed
ing. Riots, .mobs, crimes giving fearful
forebodings, are the result of youth be
coming fit agents of by running
uneared for in the evenings. What we
see in these respeots is deplorable enough
—but what is compared with what vre do
not «ee—multitudes making themselves
miserable and noxious to the world, and
what is that to come to ? Parents should
look at the truth, that evening pleasures
and recreation are often dearly purchased
—the of their own impaired com
fort, and • the blighted prospects of their
offspring. It must be obvious that in this
•matter tllcrc can be no prescribed rule.—
There can lie no interdiction of all the
evening recreation and employments, yet
there is an evil to be avoided not only de
structive^to youth, but planting thorns in
many paths, and covering many lives with
desolation. The reformation demanded
must proceed from judgment and con
science—must be enlightened. Heads of
families must learn that the placeon eartji
best adapted to be a blessing is home; and
by example and wholesome restraint they
1 must teach this truth to all under them.
Especially should home during the Sab
; bath hours bo consecrated. Sabbath
mornings and evenings are blessed in
! deed, when they gather the fymily into
the eirclp of converse instruction, and
parents and children, masters and appren
tices and servants, in his presence aud bjf
the grace of Cod. who lias nAdo them,
i nnd placed them in their respective sta
■ lions, raise themselves to the exalted lev
! ei of the truth ; and .they are invested
with capacity anil obligation in their res
! pective conditions assigned them by an
i all-wise Providence, to help each other
! onward to honor, glory and immortality—
; eternal life.— l'o. School •/mirnal.
OF.N EUAL BUTI.EU, The London
| Spectator, in a notice of Pur ton's Life of
Gen. Butler, says :
ft is worth reading, for Mr. l'urton has
before him a character which he, the
biographer of Andrew Jack -on, thorough
ly understand >. and thouglj he writes as a
eulogist he is so far truthfnl that his hero's
acts may be judged by indifferent readers
pretty readily from unconscious adinis
ions. Gen. Butler appear? in his pages
very much what bis portrait would indi
cate —a stern, sufficient, straightforward
try ant, without the smallest disposition to
cruelty, but with an inflexible determina
tion to make his own cause succeed, up
right as a politician, and personally kind,
but with certain coarseness of fibre in his
moral composition offensive to men of more
refined or softer habits of thought. The
article concludes as follows : This biog
raphy leaves oil our minds no doubt that
the t 'nion possesses in Gen. Butler a man i
of rare and original capacity, extraordina
rily fitted for constructive administration,
and without any tendency to cruelty, the'
with that indifference to the feelings of
others so often marked in very strongmen.
Of all the meu who fill our European his
tory the one he is most like—strangely
like—is Frederick the Gred®
The Richmond correspondent of
1 the London Timn recently smugged him
elf across the lines made a visit to New
York. He was greyly surprised at tho
contrast between tho condition of affair;)
North and South, though he tries to ]>er-~
suaiie himself and his readers that the
rebels are bound to win. Referring to the
Northern belief of a Union reaction at the
South, he says: " Am I dreaming, or did
£ hear a fortnight ago from Gov. Vance,
that he wolild rather fight for twenty years
than consent to anything but full,
ptnd irrevocable dissolut ion of the Union."
Sri?" The Washington correspondent of
tji'c New York Express, says that if Mr.
lieu. Wooi', of the Xcicn, will come back
tj Congredß and attend to business, ho will
tiud that there are but ten Democratic
members of the House, w)i<4Hrii£ not in
principle and substance agree with what 112
yjv. Brooks said, v*z : That as a fact, be
it right or wrong, aud as a lkct to be roc
ognized and accepted, as much as day
i light or darkness, the slavery institution is
i dead. _
Accounts from Ireland represent
1 the tide of emigration as still unchanged.
At the last accounts, there were more per
sons waitiug for passage iu Cork, Galway,
Liverpool and the great American ship
ping ports, than could be accommodated
for a month to come—and this, too, in ad
vance of the usual season' of emigration,
which does not oommence till March
,r -r r
BSy It takes three months pay of a
' rebel soldier to buy one dollar in gold

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