Newspaper Page Text
The American.Citizen. Js pnMMiM «?v«ry Wednesday In th? lioroagh «>f Tintler, I, V HIBIRBOXA C. K. AXBCMO* .>II M«ln '■ -it t . .?;i« k'* 11. t«-l—«•!!!« : tip e'.'irs in flu brick ..rirt'Tlv .wrupi. '! by Kli Yclt.-r. n.< u •|'t — sl 50 ■» > •*«, if paid fa ft It •■. "i within tl•>• fi 1 -t six or s'2 If not pii-1 until «ft»r tho api ra il <n of tlio Unt eix immthfl. ft •. TV ..p Ar vKUUBiNO:—Ono > n , (t<n l»i"** <>r '• i tljr< " Inwrtloiw K»-t v nw.,n. j.t inw ttii'ti i i llii • ard« of 1« lluo*or I«f .i •»»»•» y« ■.•r, incln- 112 t'nui.l .s"i **Yv. ir wili: u( i.tp. 4»i 1 < i-■lnnui f»r fix ni 'titbn • •te;". fg "112 ('.'iTimn f'.i'fix 1. iiiinii i . .... :■■■■■ Tho Progress of Reconstruction, i We have intelligence from Vrkansas giving the result of the late election in that State. The election was ordered by <|. n. Steele at the request of 'la - • lr.un ber'of the people of the Sta!". and \va.- lor the purpose of elmosing State ofii e,-s and members of Congress, and adapting , tho new State Constitution, abolishing sla- ] vt rv, which was l'orme'd by a t 1 mva utiou of loyal citizens some weeks ago. The result was a complete triumph of the Free State party. The new Governor is Mr. isaae Murphey, the only member of the State Convention in 1S(il who resisted to Ihe last the attempt to drag Arkansas oul of the Cnion. Arkansas is now a I'ree State in the Union by the voluntary ac tion of its own citizens and through* the toriiM of the President's Amnesty I'roe lanu'ion. Although Louisiana preceded her in returning to the Union. Arkansas is never! '< <s the first of the '< on : Slates to adopt a I'ree State Constitution. The l eeislaturc will meet in April loolect j two U. £. Senators. On tho lltli instant, Gem ral Bank ; j issued an order providing for on election throughout Loui.sianaon Monday, tho 2!<th ' ilist.. for the choice of delegates to a ( on- i vention to be held for the revi-i -n and amendment of the (Constitution of tlie Stut.• I —the (/Oiivention to meet in New Orleans j on the Oth day of April. This action ol'i course foreshadows the abolition of sla j very in Louisiana by the vote of the loy | al people of the State. The Convention j will consist of one hundred and fifty del- | < ua!e,s. of which New Orleans will have nixt%thrce. A n election for county officers through out the State of Tennessee, ordered by- Military Governor Andrew Johnson, has also tuken place this month. The Nash ville corrospondcntof theNew York Times says the result "may be declared a tri umphant viotory of the anti-slavery senti ment of the State." He adds: "You have no idea of the great importance of t lie result—it is the great political achieve ment of the day, and is worth as much as •mo of Grant's magnificent victories." It will not be long until Tennessee will also , adopt a new Constitution doing away with j slavery. In the meantime tho people of Mas tern Tennessee .are agitating the pro- j joot of cutting loose from the Mi i lie and i Western ; rtious and forming a new State, j They are tired of the pro-slavery arro- ! • a.ire and treasonable proclivities of those with whi'm they have so long I-ecu compel- j led to r.-sociate politically. They have j been treated just as the people of West \ Virginia h.i\v been treated—lik; .in . il'e- ( rior race. J>ut the niiist gratifying item of intel ligence which has lately reached us iVoiu j the seceding States is that which conies S from lluntsvillo, Alabama. It is known J to our readers that for some time the Union | forces have been in possession of this ! pl.t ■. , tioneral Logan being the coini.i Hid ing officer. The town is said to be one of the most beautiful in the whole Stat, and before the war was opposed to -, (v ion. j The county of Madison, in which it is'it- j uated, gave I*oo majority against going I out of the Union. li» fact, the whole j northern portion of Alabama was oppos ed to disunion. Ou the 13th inst] a large meeting "of citizens of Madison county and Huutsvillc met in tho Court llou.se, its avowed object being the restoration of civil government and a return tothel nion. Speeches warmly advocating submission to the Federal authority were delivered by Hon. .Tcre Clemens, once l : . S. Senator fifim. Alabama, and Judge!). C.Humph reys, one of tho ablest members of the Southern Bar and a delegate to the Charles toil Convention in I*oo. Resolutions were adopted recommending the calling of a State Convention ou the first Monday in June ■" that it may provide some mode for ■the restoration of peace," and-requesting the Governor to convene the Legislature that it may authorize the calling of this Convention. It is presumed that the Governor will pay no attention to the re quest, but there is rto doubt that, if he does "not, the people of Madison and oth er counties will hold a Convention of their own. The Huutsvillc meeting may be regarded as the initial step in the work of restoring Alabama to the Union. The following passage from the speech of Jcre Clemens tells the whole story of the Rebellion in few words:— "Falsehood, fraud and crime took ns out AMERICAN CITIZEN. of tlio Union. They told us that seces sion ivas necessary to save skvfify. Dur ing the ten year- preceding the rebellion, the State of Alabama had not lust ten slaves aycai' We hail rebellion, and the consequence now is that there is not one man in the State of Alabama who can say lie has the title to a single nigger. Not unc of us have a title to anything. The practical result is Emancipation. Cotton they said was King—would secure us rec ognition and independence. The result is Confederate money is worth five cents 011 the dollar. They said that civil liberty and State rights would bo secured by se cession. The first act of the Confederate Congress deprived the people of the right to delect their President. If a pinn own ed i wenty negroes he'was excused from fnilitary duty. If 11 man lire! ten starving children he was not.. The man who owu el the negroese uld stay at lame with hit wealth; the man with starving children must leave thenl and goto the battle-field. You ami 1 may have had sniue fcarj « the Confederacy.' Thank God there is now no prospect of it.-succeeding." Judge Humphreys wascqually clo(|uent in denouncing tho rebellion, and still uiorc emphatic in his admission that slavery in Alabama is dead. We quote one sen tence : " / hclievc the institution of shivery is '/one ti* n permanent thing—ovethrown /"/ //ic id finii of the Southern States." From the foregoing summary of recent events iirfour of the States that went out 112 the I niou in lsol, it will be jeenthat ihe day of their political regeneration has been ushered in with glowing splendor.— tiiib. let there be a general advance the whole line of ourarmics in a few weeks and the llcbcllion will not, eunnot sur vive six months longer.— J'in.Jmiyh (ia zetto,. Speech of President Lincoln. A Till lIUTE TO r.OYAT, WOMEN . At the close ol tho I'atcnt Office Fair in Washington on Friday night, Mr. Lin coln, in answer to loud and continuous calls, made the following remarks: " Ladies and Gentlemen: I appear, to say but a few words. This extraordina ry war in which we are engaged falls heavily upon all classes of people, but the most heavily upon the soldier. For it has been said, all that a man liath will he give for his life; and while all con tribute of their substance, the soldier puts his life at stake, and often yields it up in his country's cause. The highest merit, then, is due to tho soldier. [Cheers.J '• In this extraordinary War, extraor dinary developments have manifested themselves, such as has not been seen in former wars, and among these manifesta tions nothing, has been more remakable than these Fairs for the relief of suffer ing soldiers and tlicirTiniilies. And tho chief agents in these Fairs arc tho wo men of America. [Cheers ] " I am not accustomed to the use of language, (if eulogy; 1 have never studi ed tho art of paying compliments to wo men. bnt I must say that if all that has been said by orators and poets since the creation of the world in praise of women were applied to the women of America, it would not do them justice for their conduct during this war. 1 will close by s lying God bless the women of America !" [•ireat applause.] J >"• The rebels in Virginia are active ly preparing for a movement of some sort, but what they propose to do,'soei.is not to be understood. In some quarters, it in supposed that a grand movement will b< made down the Shenandoah Valley, with a view of invading Maryland, or aitaek inu: Washington, but we should think they have bad enough of the invasion ex periments. It is natural, heiwcver, that they should, at this juncture, try to do something, knowing, as they do, that the Army is in an unsettled condition, grow ing out of the impending re-organization. Sgf* The report of the Committee of the Ohio Legislature, appointed to investigate matters connected with the escape of Jno. Morgan and several of his officers from the Ohio Penitentiary, has been publish ed. The Committee exonerate tlio offi cers of the Penitentiary, and fix the re sponsibility upon tho military authorities. Tlns' find Lieut- Judkins, of Geu. Ma son's staff, especially culpable and recom mend his dismissal from the service. taf The Colorado Territorial Conven tion, held at Denver City, on Friday, elected six delegates to tlic National Lu ton Convention to be held at Baltimore in June. Resolutions endorsing the Ad ministration, and pledging to it tho co-op eration and h|jyjty support of Colorado wore adopted, and nlso asking Congress to pass an enabling act providing for the or ganization of a Stato Government, and for the admission of Colorado into the Cnion " Let us have Faith that Right makes Might; -and in that Faith let us, to the end,dare to do our duty as we understand tf-A. Limxrtar BUTLER, BUTLER COUNTY, PA.. MARCH 80, 1801. Pare Copper. Our readers will remember the order issued by General Burnside on the Ist day of June hist, suppressing a paper eivlled the Chicago Times 011 account of the repeated expression 111 its columns of disloyal and incendiary sentiments, ihe order ware inded because it did not meet with the nj.pv bation of the President,' but n-i al man doubted the justice it sought in cvol , however much he might doubt the propriety of issuing it. Our own opinion v =, that the order was right and h il l' i.'Kois enforced. and we are confirm ,d 111 ti::o opinion by a recent ciivui isl.ru- l ,: ei< shows no abatement, in the disloyal tend. vie- of the publish ers of the (i. iioral IJumside — a mar \h r to ;1 lo\:d people delight to honor—having recently yushed Chicago wirh the patriotic purpose of ioetmng re cruit- l'.'i h X'utli \rniy Corps, the 7-:: I.e . 1;■ Ids hi? c-iuis.g : •THE V\ ,-t IKU N'E. — 'Theßutcli-i er of F'vd • ■ I. ui" ■'and attempted as "11- in ■ I the iiherty ot speech and of the press in the Northwest is coming to Chi eago,.on the invitation ot sundry Aboli tion!: N, w ! : 1 tiropow. we believe, to make aj.ublic ■ xliibition of him sometime du ring this day. They are fit partiesfbr the perfonrtanco, and lie is a fit object for tlicii adulation. Ho is not much of sight, however. Ho was-not the head butcher and assassin ; he was only tho creature, ■the mc.i • 1 in-1 mmont ,the purpet,tho juuip inir-jaek of the | rineipal butchers and as sassins. lie did not conceive the butch ery and assassination; lie does not rise to auythiu . :vid as tljat; he was the ruffian 1 r ' 1' do the crimes, than which elm:: 1 tor none is so dotowwi the eyes of mankind. It is this juffian who will b on exhibition in some public place ill Chicago to-day surrounded bv even meaner rullian - iliau himself. lie will hstvo spectators as other mooMrocitieq do, but it 1111 lea • ioLiibixly morbid mind who will enjoy the i-jpulsiv ..pectacle." Could political malignity or sympathy with traitors go farther than this? To stigmatize one of .-ir best, general* a- a -butcher find a v.". in."and let only him but the I'resident and other officers of the (iovernment. is an offense which, in this day of peri! to cur institutions, merits the severe ; pun' limei.t. civil er military law can in 4 '! \nd TI tc-11 those who are in authority at Washington tli t they under estimate the patriotism of the people and over estimate the liberty of the press if they allow such utterances as those of the Times togo unrebuked by the strong arm of the law.— Exclumge. The New Hevcnuc Hill. The Washington correspondence of the N. Y. TVi/eoi' has the following on this important subject: A fuller and more correct statement of the leading provisions of the new Reve nue bill before the Sub-Committee of Ways and Means i that tobacco is taxed twenty-fr, per cent in advnlorenf* in the leaf, and forty ectfts a pound manufactur ed. Petrol, nut live ccn'- a gallon on crude and ten c,nt n 1 ilincd, and distilled spir its a dollar :: : n. The great difference in the qualities f-f our tobacco, the Con- uecticut llivev bui.ig about us good as Cuba, and Michigan n ■' a quarterns good, made the adval '.vm tar. inevitable. Two »T the Sub-i' • rc said to Appose n high tax on : aeeo; olio of them is said to be • w'>.:t in hi" l iiilitliat a tax of fifty ecu's 1> 11' .1 on whisky will pro duce more 1011-11..-.' than a tax of a dollar. So the tn*.'.- ieqV'f. i in the bill prepared at tli« Trcani < n Uibaceo and whisky may go in' tb -n : Means Oom tnittoe rei'ic. T.:.ed ; • - ; bJy, but not probably, .-o in: ifease reduced. ]t ; r .1 'h rt the cbai't'O of tell cents on I'ci ; 1 j already raitn l by the Hufi-Committce. — In addition to the above a very largo in crease of the revenue is e uighttobcniade by the new bill by doubling the price of stamps on notes bonds, &e , and taxing instruments and forms not heretofore reach ed, such as letters pat.-nt, deeds for orti vayance of personal property, copies of instruments and document" read in court , executions, proecs-e : from justices'courts &e. If the j pie can ojily know that it is estimated and intended in tlio Treasury Department that whisky with a dollar tax on it, can and .-hall pay one quartor of all the internal rtveuue to be raised in the United St.Ve.s, and tobacco one-eighth of it.the public sentiment surely will sec that those two things don't escape the sa cred duty of bearing those burdens.- There is no tax whatever on malt. lJeer is taxed 81 .">0 a barrel; Ibis includes lagar. Tho temper of tlie House and of the Senate grows daily in favor of higher and bolder taxation. jfecr From reVel papers it appears that the General .Assembly of ihe Rebel Presby terian Church meets at Charlotte N. C , on the "d of May Kev. .James A Ly on, Moderator of the Convention of all the rebel churehea, has been called upon to devise some plan to check the iucrease of vice. For the Citizen- THE RETURN OF SPRING. The day waa deciinlnc while f.ir in the west. The day-nod wa« -inkiim slywly to rest, While I |win«i'd for a moment t>> niiHelngly ga*e, An.l listen in rapture to the little liinliClayn. Tli.* winds p-ntly ntjrho:! anion" tho >.are tree-*, \\ hfre awelilng i»n if ■ n will bur««t forth lnKi «*en leaves, -> mind that tin -even has clinn(re«l— That whiter !«ov<'r and .-pilng coine again. • That ."--on C brown mea ?• ws inverdnre will glow. That-ten. winter d"<' with but It *t, lee and snow, A« ti :.ir!i(|.i !-.'r 1 winter»•••.• wahodnway Ac o i •!■ ■« tlx i.i irt fc« at v»th p'l-twnre and lov«-. A- v, '■ it •• 11 k i.-il'.i t • ■ .Hifri.ittiil-x »•, Tli.it ti- 112 in hi-. .t:...if•■k-i.t i:»a not borim Ouraphitsnwtv tn onknown. Thus I -t tor a moment in pleafant tlnaiuht, Ar 11 • 11 '!•".» - "emed to that bwintlful *i"»t \\ h< . 1 O VP" 1 f»r:i i:!. milt t > ponder mid innne, Ar 1 w.-.t h ti i'V.'h • that i. unifinftt-e. Tl«ehil!«r.f ii ■•■twtrm 'M.iuik"line. V ky - 1 . . boan! f ft»l bin. , And'' lio i; .'it rm !• 1 p don it* nay, A ,Vt'-' r,■ It o'it'' I J: foViiart*, M\ p-'ii 1«. '«il v .11 'n pk-.tnHno true, The io. iathtaof niiti ;• ■■ ad *»nt toniy viev l!nln le -on Ith . ham. d.T ti ' "hall 112 t t, . iMj.> • • • hetm nth 1 >■..?»•.. nmirt irlh, Tlt.li 11... h-Mie . l.p intyonly ranhrinp. _>:• . • ~11 • ! 11. .t J ; .1 • ill Mirimr, A Ithi • bovetif will b< -'.i • i.-i Idne. He, ini tothy-eIT, thy friend and thy tied. Then .hen ! <>rr..w pain. d«nith. all aronud thee hath trod, ith an eye nndiiuiiit.nl. a breast fnmi K«dle, W'i .-till nil! be hnppy, look npwud and smile. The beoutle-.'f nature and art mnst decay, And n..« i»k•• stern winter mn-t mwin paw away ; Itnt if we livoripht in this world. >f rare, We tlion shall true happine-s cteriinliy share. KATE 8. IH RKIIART. Duller tp., Man h2*Jd,1864. WIT am wisdom. A MAN with glass eyes can't rcaliys any thing. I'M NOT fond of cat-nip, as the little girl said when- pussy bit lier nose. SOMEBODY say. that Arabian children, bcfoi£ cutting their ttoth sp.eiik gum-Ara bic. "Vi'trhav.-avery trikinp-cramtcnance," as tho donkey ''aid to the (dephnnt when lie hit him over the back with bis trunk. IF the isubstitut who in place of drafted men, charge upon the cneniy as bard as they do forgoing, the rebellion will soon bo crushed out ' Uon." said a young follow to his com panioti n* a fancy fair, "you aro missing nil tlic sights on this side." " Never mind, Bill," retorted Hob, " I'm sighting all the misses on the other." A WONDERFUL story-teller, addicted to humming an air, beginning " Strike the Lyre," was much surprised when one of his acquaintances, taking him at his word, knocked him down. O'UHIEN said to Homo Took, on the hustings, "So I understand you have all the blackguards in London with you. " I am happy to hear it, sir, on such good authority." A MAN named Oat.s was hauled up re cently for belting bis wife and children. On being sentenced to imprisonment, the brute remarked that it was very hard that, a man was not allowed to thrash his own '•iti. " A.NTIMN'Y " said a father to his son one day v.l. u h •■■ r.ght biui shaving the down oil' hi • Upper Hp. '■ d "ii't throw your shaviim-wMei out where there.are any barefooted h for tlioy m' rht get their feet pricked " \ \'K you l lei.i in, being in e'i _ i:\ - ■ip .pie desired leave to'toasl the devil. ' " Oh. eer.'iiid' id a gentleman, "we can have r.i '. 'l.'ji •• mto toast any of your lordships friend AN Illin-'I - soldier at Vickshurg de scribes iiie c: iei'.ry th; i- : a made with an eye to ei'i.io.U'.y ; tin ■ and t'ein.! ;:et ou - i thai I. :h Ut might be cultiva ted. T r-vl ..: re very deep, and run in a .st!.' yri' hiain manner Ti11... B.i a in:.u oui West so forgetful of faces, that h'uswilb is compelled to keep a wafer stuck on tho end of her nose, that lie may distinguish lier. from other ladies; but this docs not prevent him from making occasional mistakes. REYNOLDS, the dramatist, observing to Morton the thinness of the house at one of the plays, added lie supposed it was owing to the war. ' : No," replied Mor ton, " I should judge it wits owing to the jjietx." A I'EUSO-N speaking of a deaf man aud getting angry at his not catching his moan ing, said : 11 Why, it's plain as A IM' " That may be. sir" replied the poor man, " but ! am 1> ii F WISDOM or Tmv.v L.u>n>. — I'a, why don't you buy a ben, so we can have all the eggs we want." " My dear, one hen would not lay all the eggs wc want." " Why, yes it would, Pa. wc only use a dozen eggs a day, and a good hen would lay that many." Our devil say.-: this jr'.ung ludy is a sif ter to tho raio who tb I t milk was pumped out of cows, and that the tail was the pump handle ' A Scout's Exploit. A letter from Fort Hudson says; One of our scouts, I'hilbrick, of the 3d Massa chusetts cavalry, recently rode out alone within the enemy's lines, and ■ captured a rebel colonel, with the audacity that de serves special notice. Colonel Bradford was visiting his affianced, at a plantation house four miles from Jackson, where he supposed himself entirely safe, for the rebel pickets were within call I'hilbrick, late at night, stole into the negro quarters, and learned from the slaves, who are al ways our friends, all that he wished to kyow, Quietly fastening his horse, he crept to the front door, burst it open,'and band, astonished the assembled party with the sight of a Uni"ii soldier on the rampage. The scout thunered out his orders to an imaginary company through the I tel. window, kicked over the whist tahl \ smashing the goblets and a bottle of y.'i low Oliuuot,' that had probable paid recent duty at Baton Itouge. disarmed the colonel, an ! took both him and his servant prisoners, mounted them on thuir own hor se.-. and them ofl*amid the tears and la mentations of tho ' affianced' and her friends. Through by-roads tho unlucky colonel was brought safely to camp, and is now on his way to Virginia with a letter of introduction to General Butler. The prisoner nearly ground upafine set of nat ural teeth, when he learned that Ills cap ture had been effected by a single soldier, armed no better than himself."' Revolutionary Soldiers. Only twelve of the ol 1 > terms of the revolutionary, war, survive to sec the pres ent struggle to preserve the heritage of freedom. Bnt few of those stern and steadfast men who shouldered the musket and the knapsack, and few of those who witnessed their departure for tho camp and the battle, now remain to see the dan gers that threaten tho institutions for which they periled their lives. That gallant band is melting away, and none may ever again "behold the sunshine of National peace. Their companions have gone on a returnloss march. u An army now thunder pfwt, And tliwy heed not itn roar." The generals and tho captain., with tho rank and file, who first rallied around the starry flag that still waves in triumph over the armies of the republic, have gone be yond the reach of war's alarms. Tho lit tle plattoon, as a rear guard, still encamp ed on theshore, liavealsoreceived "march ing orders" have slung their knapsacks, and are slowly treading down the slope, to the solemn music of tho tolling bells.— Soon they, too, must answer the final call of tlio "roll" and form into line, with the advanced guard, that has gono before.— "Dead" will soon be written on the Na tional record— tho brief word that closes tho account, and tells that the last revolutionary pension has been paid. —State Journal. YANKEY NOSHUNS. — The no-hun that skulo houses are cheeper than states priz ing. 'J'be noshun that men are better kept tu raize than anything else. The noshun that tho world iz a lnarkit, for a man's wit*. The noshun that a people who he v brancs enuflf kan't bo governed bi enybudy but thairsclfii. The noshun that if you kant .aik ;i man think jist as you do, U i an in: ik him doaz you t-liink. Tho noshun that the Yewnited Staits 5/. liable at any time to' bo dubbled, but aint liable at any time t lie divided. The noshun that Unkcl Liamn: kin thrash his own children when tha need it. an kin thrash the hull world besides when tha need it. The noshun tlmt the Yard. _ are a fore ordaned rase, an kant be kept from sprcd ding an striking in,*am moar than tarpin tine when it wuns gits luce. J. Bn.*s'as. A SEUVANT GIHI.V PREROGATIVES. — Now, Miss Bradford, I always likes to have an old-fashioned talk with the lady I lives with before T l«i ins. I'm awful tempered, but I'm dreadful forgiven.— Have you Heckcr's flour, Ueebe's range, hot and cold water, stationary tubes, oil cloth on the floor, dumb waiter?" Then follows her self-planned programme for the v.eek :—Monday I washes, I'se to be let alone that day. Tuesday I irons. No hody's to come near me that day. Wed nesday I bakes. I'se to be let alone that lay. Thursday I picks up the bouse.— Nobody's to come near me that day. Fri day I goes to the city. Nobody's to come near me that day. Saturday I bakes, aud Saturday afternoon my beau comes to uic. Nobody comes near lue that day. Sun day I has to myself." Col. Go wan, an American, has leas ed 50,000 acres of land in' Russia, to car ry on explorations for coal oil, similar to ! (hat of Pen us) Ivania. (frrtucational Jcpartmcnt. For the Citizen. FareWell to School-Mates and Teacher. farewell dear fchool-matee, wo nuiftt part, Tlitj-tt wurda with .sorrow till my heart. No ni"»re we'll n»(ft hero day by day, W«»"U soon he scattered fiir away. r t«:« \v>-ll awliilu to hooka and all, TVday \\\ pnrt from learning'* hall. T:i' ' i M h:r«»- at my heal t, When 1 think from all I hate to pari Fart-well dt?ar t«'.t« her, 1 est "112 f ( |, IM I„ 112 My Jh uglits of thee shall never end. (>li Knt.-' de.tr tencloT, iv<w farewell, « 1 .dl my norrow cannot u 11. 1 know I'll m!»> yon everv.luv, Hut for yoe.rwt l'n. i I willpray T know I'll niIHH vmi when I look I poii the pag«*of niy hwk lltit I will Ime von t yertnore, A oil ne'er the tlnyV i.f vol • M \nr A. IU'KTNEU Clint >ii, tp., Vr'.li is, lv.'j, Wit.', ly of School No. I. Physical Education. At "this period, when the proper men tal tiraiill., 'it v n::'il..i- fe omea sub-, joet, of the !n\- ini.■ n'tance, and the (treat object, of parental concern, it would be well to inquire whether plij'sical educa tii>n i e;-i\cs tin ]jrop--rtion of pv.' h• at tout ion which it deserves This inquiry is easily answered In looking mound at the youth of the present day, how alar mingly often do we observe cases where the mind has been brought forward studi ously, and the intellect cultivated almost to prccoity, while tho frame presents a weak and attenuated appearance, bespeak ing plainly tin over attention to the detri ment.of the body. To make a cultivated mind really useful in the world, it is a sad mistake to snap thq energies of the body nt the outstart of life. * The sound condition of the body, while all must feel it, to be one of th'o creates! .of blessings is an es i ntial concomitant of a sound con dition of the mind itself. I'hysical educa tion comes into operation before any department for one of its chief concert* is that tho hui.sin hcitigshall commence life with apropcr organization, in order thatits constitution and encrgic msj be able to brine' into proper use the powers which the mind may acquire through judicious training and expansion. Tho physical education commences with infancy,and is not finished until the pupil graduates into manhood with that best of all diplomas, a healthy and robust constitution. It is estimated that a human being, born with a sound constitution, will live seventy vears and upwards, under favora bln circumstances. Owing generally to ignorance and incantiousness, the physij cal frame which nature has given us so often impaired and brought in contact with disease, that only a comparatively small number attain the venerable age of "three-score years and ten." Wc do not say that in all cases this abridgment is owing to want of physiological infor mation, for there arc many other causes whieh|lo«scn the aggregate number of years to which human life is shown to attain. Tho copstitutio nof some persons are weak from infancy, and less able to resist the invasions of disease than those of others; and thi; fact, together with accidental cau-cs, to which wo arc all constantly lia ble, tends great.';, to 1 educe the ratio of existence. Vet the sad effects of ignor ance of physical principles mnst.be con spicuous when we state, in relation to tho mortality of tho young, that nioro than one t'nir 1 die under the age of five years, doubtlc*,* from causes produced by erro neous met:i os pu> din the nursery.— In many e:> » ire tho result ot ovcrfcudne.-s on til oart of mother,, who arc too apt to feed their children on dain ties, which, th ugh tin;, may'pha«. th< taste, have no medicinal or nutritious properties to rcet.nimend them. The f.fd div. sand exorc 1 - •• of chil drcus hould certainly be adapted- whV- .ever is best calculated to po serv ihe health aud invigorate the muscle, prefer able. A tender plant, unless it receives its proper nourishment from the ground, in connection with sunshine and air, enn not sprinc up in a healthy condition. In ihe same manner, a neglect of proper air. exercise,'etc., will be ft hindrance to the proper development of tlu- organs of a child. Sleeping in close, badly ventila ted apartments, is a common and injuri ous practice,and Amild be guarded against particularly. A profnseness of dress, and ill adoption of it to the season is a sad mistake, which needs correction. 15yt not alone is care required in the phvsilogieal education of childhood. 1 lie training of the functions ot the body should be continued in connection with those of the mind, through youth, into manhood, until the utino-f degree of per fection is attained of which it is capable. The skin lung digestive o 'ans, and muscular frame, each require attention, as well as the brain. The greatest pro moter of the healthy action of these, l.er haps, is exercise—such as walking, riding leaping, dancing, &c. The importance of these to health, in the full development of the muscles of youth, and the strengthen ing the body, have long been known, aud NUMBER 10. by some nations tlicy luivc boon extensive ly practised for these purposes. The per fect forms of the Greeks, Romans, nuil Persians, were the result of this branch of education receiving n largo share of national attention. Athletic games were instituted among them, having for their' object the creation of robust frames, and increasing the capability of the sinews to the performance of their proper functions. Ample provisions for exercise, wo think, should be made at all colleges, seminaries, and institutions of learning. Violent gymnastic exercises, however, may be in jurioui»! as even in the robust and health ful strains and ruptures may lie occrt •sioncd. . A youth passes into manhood, care sh-.uld )■, taken to form judicious habits —tlie most important of which, Is that of intcuipcr.im,— i self-control of the .!]>[>'ti'f ai"l j. i-• -.ions. \ wild and rock - it -:- coviin ynlil.ii tend* to weaken and •iu , an early decay of (ho faculties in m nil -A S'. if, nit n.l. therefore, should lie uiu > the liisi principle* of youth, fir witi.'iut it success in life is a matter of extreme doubt. In the pursuit of hap piness, wealth or honor, it should be a leading characteristic. We do not wish it understood, (hat the physical education should bo the sole object of attention, and the intellectual and moral culture be neglected, although we do hold it to be of first importance, however little attention it may receive.— Every observant individual must be bllt too well aware of the fact that while our people ar.e growing rapidly in knowledge, they are certainly degenerating as a race in strength and stature. Poes this not demand public attention? We contend that it werw better that high intellectual attainments should not be reached, than that the coming generation—the sons of hardy forefathers—should become a race of pallid, sickly striplings, without the power to put into practice their acquire ments, to obtain which the boon of health has been bartered.— S'hool ,/ourmtl. GEN.GRANT SLINKAGE. —Gen.Grant'# family is of Scotch origin, and his imme diate progenitors were Pennsylvanians.— His father, Jesse It. Grant, a tanner by trade, was born in Westmoreland county in 1794, and is now living at Covingtoh Kentucky. When five years old, his fath er removed to Ohio. In 1821 Jesse mar ried Hannah Simpson in Clermont county. She was the daughter of John Simple, and was born in Montgomery county, Pa., from which her father in 1818 removed to Ohio. Ulysses Simpson Grant was the first child bom of that marriage, his birth day being April 27,1822. — ExtA'angr t MRS. DOUGLAS, —It was denied some time since that Mrs. Douglas was officia ting as i\ clerk in the Treasury Depart ment The Washington correspondent of the Ki»con*in says, however, that pas sing through the Treasury Department the other day, I met Mrs. Stephen A. Doug las, who is filling the duties of a twelve' hundred dollar clerkship, in that depart ment." Ori" On Saturday night a parly of guer rillas, supposed.to be a portion of Gil more's band, made a dash into the village of Bath, Morgan county. West Virginia, and made prisoner of Mr. Beehtal, a State Senator, and Mr. Wheat, a member of the House of Delegates, (ion Sigel at once ordered i pnr-uit. and some of the mis crcaii 1 .- or.: rep rtod to have been taken. Iv 'I!I I ,».|in */' H -ays: — • 0»-«?r i" b v.'i, iir the city of Mosoittinc. liv«. P< y V tllandighatn, a nephew of (] vi vn d who is married, and with a w. !!-■)» „s black as a Guinea nnilri A brother of the first named Vallan lives on this side of the river opposite to Muscatine. lie, too, is married to a negro." TIIK lIIVAL SINOKRM AMI Dll. AIINE. —Two gentlemen having differed in opin ion which was the best singer, it was agreed to leave the ease to Dr. Arne, who, having hoard them both, observed to the last gentleman that sung— " Sir.'without offence, you are the worst singer 1 ever heard in my life." " There ! there !" exclaimed the other, exultiugly, l; T told you so." Sir.*' said the Doctor, "You must not say a word, for j/ov ean'tsing at all.' fc A traveler, relating his adven tures, told the company that he and his servant made fifty wild Arabs run which started thetu* but he observed that there was no great merit in that, ".for, " said ho, " we hm, and they ran after us." TUB NATURAL LIISTOBV IT EH —The Morinanites urea set of brutes little supeiior to the Baboon, and they inny be ranKcd under the head of Orang- Utahng V r Lrtue may survive in the midst of splendor —as the burning bush of Mo ses was uneonsumed by the flame that sttrroiimled it.