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of answer, tod demanding an answer,
shall a standing army be maintain* i at great expense to keep the peace between the rebels lately dominant, and their loy alist neighbors, white and black, or will you enfranchise with the suffrage the blaflk loyalist with the white allow them their just share of political power, and thus enable them to defend themselves and us. If you do not thus enfranchise them you leare them to be oppressed by the knavish, the brutal and unscrupulous as heretofore, and, in some respects, all the more, because their value as property has ceased by the act uf emancipation. «ud those iucreaeed wrongs impose addi tional burthens in the administration of justice upon the government. Of all times in the history of our Government he ballot is now most needed in the-r hands. We need it, in their interost and ours alike, as counterpoise to that vast disloyal political power that is destined to furnish Congressmen and Senators to our national council chambers to sit by the side of the Representatives of Penn sylVauia, and her loyal sister States, and help to make laws not for their own com munities only, but for you and me, and the whole country. Ido uot, therefore, h;sitate to say that this general enfran chisement in the South would be eminent" ly wise for our own defence for those In vested with it, and for the security of the just interests of the nation at large. Now those who oppose this enlarged suffrage upon this floor speak to us in the name of Democracy. They say this it "a white man's government," meaning in it the black mau has no share ; and yet they claim to be Democrats. Sir, I love Democracy. Its doctrines aro the doctrines of the rights of man. I find a Democrat defined by Webster thus : •Democrat, one who adheres to a gov ernment by the people, or favors the ex tension of the right of suffrage to all classes of men." According to the defi nition, where are the Democrats upon this floor ? Are they the Senators on the other side of this chamber ? Have they spoken in favor of " the extension of the right of suffrago to all classes of men ?" No, sir; they have opposed the fundamental doctrine of Democracy. They call themselves Democrats; but were they Democrats when Webster com piled his dictionary. Bir, I will defino a Demecrit in thete modern times: One who spells, speaks the word negro with two g's—or else pro nounces it rtigur,' one,the dread of whose life is negro equality,and who, to'prevent that catastrophe, would have all laws that prevent advancement and progress of the : colored race continued in force and new i legislation of the same character enacted, lest the negro should distance hira in the race of improvement; one who believes ja "the divine right" of white men to govern, and especially the divine right of the ex-slaveholding nobles of the United States. Indeed, so radical is his conviction of this, that since those oli garchs have withdrawn from participa tion in the Government, he does not hesi tate to declare—Democratic senators have asserted in this debate—that the present Congress of the United States is simply "a cabal," a " French Directory," a "Rump Congress." But if these aristo crats could only occupy their former places in Congress and other departments the legitimate government, which has been suspended since their secession, would be restored as in the halycon days of their former Democratic majorities.— The modern Demoorat believes in Anglo- Saxon rule. A Senator the other day oalled this an Anglo-Saxon government. If so, how does he come to be here ? Sir, it is a government of men, by men, in tended by our forefathers and ordained of God to be the asylum of the oppressed of all lands—the immortal principles of said government contained in their Declara tion of Independence looming up and shedding forth their light like a beacon fire to the enslaved of all nations of the earth. And lam bold to say that, if -the gentlemen who c'.aitu to be Democrats wish to carry these issues before the peo ple, we will meet thorn in debates in the school houses aud at the cross roads, in villages and in the cities, and tear the lion skin from their lank limbs, ex pose their long ears and let the public hoar their —roar, and the country shall know if it is the voice of Democracy or Hot. Even in this chamber they have appealed to the lowest and basest passions regarding the negro. When this appeal was renewed last night, a voice from the galleries exclaimed, "That's played out," and that voiec they will hear whenever similar appeals are made through the loy al districts of the loyal North. The hobgoblin, clumsily made, has served his purpose; exposed and cannot frighten even chilaren any more. Our ohildren goto school; the people read the newspapers : they goto church upon the Sabbath day and hear the gospel pereached of our Lord and Saviour, and cannot be affected by appealing to preju dices so mean as these. They will repu diate the men who makethem. So have they done before. Tho nation has listen ed ad nauseam and spewod them out. I understand tho Senator from Berks(Mr. Clymcr) to express the hope, that should this resolution, fa voring extended suffrage, be ad( pted by the Legislature, the Governor ■would veto it, and if the measure should be enacted by the Congress of the United States for the District of Columbia, I understood the Sena tor to express a strong conviction that the President will veto the bill. It is very singular that the gentle men on the other side of this cham ber should speak for these distin guished officials, and speak in terms of such new faugled admiration and love. When have they done so be fore? What measure of theirs have received the approbation hitherto? And now is it oalled forth by what they have dane, or only by what they are expected to do? A Senator last night quoted, as the language of the Saviour in the sermon oa the mount, the jubilant song of the aa-- ■ gel* that announced his birth, "On •arth peace, good will toward Den." 4 Tho effort reminded me of the attempt of a membor of Congress many years age, who When praised by a member who had always been bis political op ponent, exclaimed "in the language of the Psalmist, 'What have I done that the wicked should praise me.' " The ilea contained in this professed scripture, ia°tm£, it seems to me, that the Governor of Pennsylvania and the President of tho United States would do well to ponder, lest some thing wrong is contemplated, when these men become in advance the r f raises. The Senator from Berks Mr. Clymer} informed us, that if the Governor shall veto our resolution i'oint it wilHie "'the crowning act of lis great fame," and pronounces sim ilar laudations of the President in the assured anticipation, that he will veto the a tion of Congress. Sir, I protest that these Senators have no right thus to bes obber all over the Governor of Pennsylvania and the President of the United States. These distinguished Executives of the State and National Governments have not forgotten—l do uot speak it here for their wat nicg, but for the ears of the Sen- I ators —they have not forgotten the fate of the signer of the fugitive slave bill, nor of Franklin Pierce, nor of Jamei Buchanan. These men were not able to stand when they attempted to stop the car of progress, 'f hey could not stay the stone that rolled down the mighty side. And I say now that '-Whatsoever fa I let h upon this stone shall be broken; but npon whomsoever it shall fall it will grind hiln to powder." It has been a law of the past, ind it is the law of the future. I rest in my predictions,though net a proph et, with more confidence than can the Senator from Berks, who says, in antici pation of the President affixing his veto to the suffrage bill of Congress, "then the day of redemption draws nigh 1" Of what redemption? Why the day when their party shall again come into power. That redemption they expect in tho anticipa tion that the Republican party will be wrecked by the discordant sction of the members who compose it. But there is no such triumph dawing for the party with a record such as theirs during the five past eventful years—a party dead and only needed to be buried. But there is a day of redemption coming. It is that spoken of by our Divine Master:— "Then shall they see the son of Man com ing in a cloud with power aud great glo ry. And when these things shall couie to pass then look up, and lilt up your heads, for the day of your redemption draweth nigh." This language is that of Ilim who brings redemption himself. It is a redemption for the enslaved of all nations, of all colors, of ail classes and conditions. It is the language ot Him "in whom there is neither Jew nor Greek, barbarian or Scythian, bond or free," but in Him all are one ; who remembers the down trodden in all lands, and says:— "Now will I arise for the oppression of the poor and the sighing of tho needy, and I will set him in safety from him that puffeth at him 1" Aud when he comes to announce that redemption, will he cast his suffrage on that side of the chamber or this ? With those who wear the name, but have lost the power of democracy, or with the true democracy whoj believe in ■'government by the people, and favor the extension of right of suffrage to all classes of men and who say that what ever there is a man born upon the soil and free from crime, wearing a human heart in his bosom and standing in the tender relations of llle—citizen, husband, fath er, brother, there is one who is entitled to a share of political power, and has the inalienable right to defend his interests by his vote ? Sir, the cause we plead—the eause of humanity—will not suffer in that day.— And, now, if they desire that we shall meet them on this issue, we will go before the people upon it, in the villages, iu '.lie school houses, and wherever they sh.xll choose. Our people whose institutions have borne the burthen of a vast toreigr. emigration floated by thousands to our sheres over the wave ol the Atlantic, whose principles have endurnd the strain of the Celt and his participation of citi zenship—can well afford this act of jus tice to the one-eight of our native popu lation. The foreigner is made a voter after five years of residence ; but these men were borne upoa the soil. Their in stincts are true to our Government. They have shared with us the fiery ordeal, the suffering and sacrifices of these four years of carnage. And I shall entertain the confidence that when it is plead before the people it will not be plead in vain. —A man in Detroit has lately come in possession of property which has been in suit tor more than three hundred years. In 1560 one of his ancestors in Germany loaned money to a certain Count who died without paying for it. The estate of the Count was put under sequestration, and has till now been in control of the Pi£s sian Government. A settlement having been reached at last, the heirs of the loan er have received more than a million of dollars, the principal and interest of their ancestor's claim. —A large business is said to be doing at the Fenian head-quarters in Irish bonds. Reports from there state that during the past month, the Brotherhood has become a vast military organization. Circles have been formed into regiments; but they have been instructed, however, to commit no violation of neutrality laws. —Notwithstanding the excitement in Canada in regard to an apprehended Fe nian raid from the United States, there is not the least interruption of travel. Cars leave Montreal each day, and passengers are not in any way molested. At this seasen of the year, however, the amount of travel in that direction is small. —The message of President Johnson giving information to Congress ooneerning the Provisional Governors, etc., has been pnt into type. It makee a volume of two hundred and eixty-two pages, and con tains a vast amount of information con cerning the Southern States. —The Democrats of Rhode Island, in Convention, voted to make no nomination for Governor at present. They had heard I from New Hampshire fche Citis tn. jflg— The Largett (Jxrovlitxon oj any Paper in the County. THOM AS BOBINSOy . - - Editor. M.WTSPEAB, fnblhhep. _______ WEPITEBDAT WABf at, 1M«. 1- Libarty and low •*«! faravar, Ona and 'nsaparabU."—D. Waoatar. For Governor: Maj-Gen. JOHN W.GEAKY! Of Weslmereland Cennty. GREAT VICTORY! TIIE ELECTION 0. K. The Union Saved. COPPERHEHEMD. BIHLER TOWNSHIP REPVBLICM The Elections all Right. The municipal elections in Now York and elsewhere, had gone quite favorable to tho Union cause. We were, therefore, not surprised to learn that New Hamp shire had gone all right, by an increased majority of nearly three thousand. Our majority has run up to over 5,000. — Both branches of he Legislature are largely Republican. This is the koy note to the coming elections. Connecticut will next speak. Her voice will have no uncertain souud. On Friday, last, elections were held throughout 'his county. The result is all that could be desired. Most of the dis tricts have gone Republican. The Dem ocratic majority iu this borough was re duced, While in Butler township, but lately a strong hold of Democracy, and never before going against them, we car ried every thing from Overseers up to Squire, by an average majority of about 20. It was amusing to see the haggard looks of the leaders of the once defiant but now much reduced party, as they, one by one, retired from tho contest.— To his honor be it spoken, Squire M'Kce was the last to give way. His stubborn devotion to his cause compelled the re spect ot his victorious foes, who magnan imously allowed bim, on his surrender, to retain his side arms, and finally let him return home on his parole, not again to take up arms against the national cause. Butler township has now won a place amongst the loyal districts of the eounty, and there she intends to remain. The election board is all rieht, which will in sure a fair election next fall. Everywhere i the signs are moet propitious. Our par ty is gaining strength with the people daily. Connecticut. The next Stato election takes place early iu April. Gen. Hawley is the Re publican candidate for Governor, against English, Democrat. We have no doubt of the result. Our usual majority is about 2,500, although last year we car ried the State by about 11,OOOJmajority; but then the Democracy labored under great disadvantage. The following is from the World , and fully explains their situation; "The election last year, when Buck ingham rolled up his 11,000 majority .may be said to have gone by default. On the very day of the election cannon were firing over the whole State for the fall ot Richmond and fur Lee's surrender It wan a holiday, rather than a work day, even at the polls. Thousand* of Demo crats stayed at home." No wonderl Their cause had gone under I WSf We notice that Mr. Pillow has presented a petition asking legislation as to dogs and sheep. We doa't know its import . Petitions are beiog sent in from vari ous township* of this county asking leg islation for the purpose of equalising bounties throughout the county. Petitions are also in circulation in the southern portion of our eounty asking that the law of Allegheny county, pro hibiting stock of various kinds from running at large, be extended to this county. We are not advised that any «112 those petitions have reached Harrisburg. Such legislation will, sooner or later, be I desirable in the. greater part of this ooun k i The President and the Democ racy. . President Johnson seems to be som«- j what out of humor with the Pennsylva ■ nia Democracy. It ia asserted ou what 'wo take to be good authority, that his j Excellency advised the managers of that concern to nominate either Gens. Han cock or Meade, and that he pledged himself , in the event of their election to give them three years leave of absence so that they could taks charge of the Old Keystone, during the balance of hi* term. Neither ot these gallant soldiers would consent, however, to have their laurels, so nobly won, dimmed by affilia tion with these "Sunday" patriots.— Whereupon the party putin nomination one of its own favorites, leaving out of sight expediency. This, it is said has worked terribly ou the patience of the President. Clymer is the Senator who in '63 led the assauk upon Mr. Johnson, when he sought to speak to ths people of Harrisburg, in the interest of <he union cause, denyiDg the legitimacy ol his appointment, declaring him to be a mere suppliant at the throne of power, &c. The President cannot forgst all this Oar Henator. In our paptr this week we give the re* marks of our Senator on tho resolution of' instructions offered in the Sonate by Mr. Landon, we believe. These remarks will be read with interest by our people.— Had every Senatorial distriot in the State a representative so faithful and prompt, littlo watching would do them. It is with great pleasure we say that we have noticed Mr. Browue's course with much intere«t, and have, on all occasions found him among the foremost in tho cause of truth. His votes and speeches are fully up to the sentiment of his constituents. This is «sit should be. We have little patience with those public men who ars always dragging their slow length along at a respectable distance in the rear of public seutiment. Such is not the case with Seiiator Browne. Gen. John W. Ocarjr. A* most of our readers are not person ally acquainted with Maj. Qen. Geary, and know but little of his early and pri vate history, we givo the fallowing inter esting article from Iho Pittsburgh Dit patch : The Union State Convention have pla ced in nomination Gen. John W. Geary, of Westmoreland county. While our per sonal preference was for another candi date, we felt confident that, from the throe more prominent gentlemen spoken of for the nomination, none could be chosen not eminently fit for the pesition. Now that a choice has beeu made, it is well t» in form our readers who the individual is who has been chosen to b«ar the tauner of the Union in the Fall Campaign. Gen John W. Geary was torn in the neighboring county ot Westmoreland, aud is now about forty-seven years of age.— His parents were of but small pecuniary means, and became involved in debt, ow ing to the protracted illness of his fath er previous to his death, leaving our sub ject to support his widowed mother from the pittance ia those days accorded to one who essayed to teach a country school, bnt he succeeded in cancelling the debt ot his father, and, after acting for a time as a clerk in a wholesale house in our city, completed his education at Jefferson Col lege, Canonsburg, Pa. We next hear of him in the employ of the State authorities, and also of the Green River Improvement Company, as a civil engineer, in Kentucky, where he assisted in the survey of several public improvements—returning to his native State to become, after some service in subordinate positions. Superintendent of the Portage Ilailroad, at that time the connecting link between the oanala on either side of the Alleghenies. His taste for mathematios early gave him an inclination for military affairs,and he took such an interest in our volunteer 1 militia, its proper organisation and effic iency, that he was chosen to command the I brigade comprising the ooantiee of Som t erset and Cambria. Twenty years ago, on war arising with ' Mexico, he had an opportunity of bring - ing his military acquirements into play, ; and on the first call lor troops uarohed - te Pittsburg in command of the "Ameri s oan Highlanders," a company of moun taineers, composed of his neighbors, whieh , ' joined Col. Roberts Second Pennsylvania Regiment, of which their youthful csp . taiu was almost unanimously chosen Lieu l tenant Colenel. Joining Scott at Vera » Crui, this regiment continued to serve t under him throughout his brilliant cam* j1 paign. In the battles of La Hoya Chap t' ultepce, Garita de Beleo and the City of Mexico, the young soldier did noble ser- j vice, and In tnst city was chosen, by vote ! of the regiment, to sucoeed Col. Robert* on the death of the latter. His regiment did yeoman service in the enemy's iand, gallantly, though unsuccessfully, storm ing the heights of Chapultepec, (where General G. was wounded,) and entering the Belen Gate under a terrifie fire from the enemy Their gallant service, and that of their commander, was at once ac knowledged by placing him in command of the citadel. Although strict in disci pline, ho was kind of heart and as quick to overlook the trifling faults which had their origin in ignorance ami inexperience, as deteunined to punish suoh as persisted in evil-doing. On the return of peace Col. Geary brought his regiment to this city from Mexico, (without the loss of a uian by the way) where they mustered some four hundred of the eleven who had gone to the war. Our citizens well remember the ovation given the soldiers of that war en their arrival at our wharves, and the speech of our venerable Wilkin* now no more, on their reception. It has not been excelled by anything of the kind iu the twenty years which have since elapsed. For a year or two Col. Geary returned to private life, until called from retire ment by President Polk, early in 1819, when he was sent to California as Post master of San Faancisco, with authority to establish poit-offices, mail routes, Ac., in that partially explored territory, just annexed to the Union, but, from the dis covery of its golden treasures, increasing in importance with a rapidity nev.-r be fore exaropled. Probably no better se lection co-ild have been made for the po sition, and tho incumbent gave such gen eral satisfaction that, on his removal from it ou Gen. Taylor's accession, he was eight days after unanimously chosen Acalde of tho city, under the Spanish laws, an ofiico comprising the position of alderman, mayor, coroaer, public adminis trator, chairman of councils, register, re corder, and generally all the county officet, the duties of which ho executed with great ability, and a celerity which better suited the vast Anglo Saxon population flowiug into the usw State tliau the poco tiempo habits of the ho&rbrct "to tho man or born " During the month which Col. Geary was, with his family, dctuitied on the Isthmus, ho succeeded in organizing the Masons and the Odd Fellows among the transient and raaidont Americans there, for the alleviation of the distress of the sick amongst the crowds of our country men con tin un lly subject to detention at Panama, through the paucity of shipping on the Pacific side. On his quarters be ing robbed by the guard, in that city, he compelled the thieves to march back with their plunder, and doposit it in his room, after a struggle with the sergeant and hi* men, in whiuh nothing but great coolness and determination saved his life. General Bennet Riley, then Military Governor of California, also (i.n his elec tiou as Alcalde,) commissioned him as Judge of First Instance, which lie sub sequently resigned iu favor of Judge Al moud of Missouri, since deceased. Re elected Aloalde by a vote lacking but twelve unanimity in a poll of four thous and, he held the position until tho office was abolished, and the American system of city and county government establish ed in May 1850, when he was chosen Mayor On the expiration of tho term he acted a* one of the Commissioners of the Funded Debt of the city until Feb ruary, 1852, when be returns! to"the States"—intending, like many others, to return to California, but was prsvented by severe domestic affliction*, and pecu niary losses caused by the failure of oth ers. Having resided in San Francisco dur ing a considerable portion of Gen. Gea ry's administration of its affairs, and hav ing been for a part of the time placod i n a position which gsvc us an opportunity of seeing his uiodo of conducting the city Government, we can say that it was as safe a city as a residence, so far as re gards security for life and property, dur ing that period, BB the city of Pittsburg and Allegheny is to-day—that, notwith standing it* numerous drinking.houses and gambling-shops, and its heterogen eous population, much of it the offscour ing of creation, and all thrown suddouly together, the robberies and murders irere not more numerous than they are now in our own cities. Before ho was Alcads, the "hounds," (an exaggeration of our "mudlarks") roamed the streets and rob bed in open day, and after his mayorality a vigilance committee of a thousand arm ed men was deemed necessary to purify the city ot scoundrelism. We well know that, although allowed to grant the city lands to whom he pleas ed, under a Mexican law, on conditiou of improvement, he sturdily refuted to sac rifice her real estate when he could realized many thousands of dollars for himself by such a lawful piece of rascal ity—and that, when a mere tool of some speculators w.is appointed Justice of the Peace to effect such a fraud, he sturdily opposed the notorious "Coltoo Grant" to the bitter end. His energy during the first great fire in the city, in December, 1849, in checking the flames by tho free use of gunpowder, the only "fire extin guisher" available, and his courage in personally conveying much of it in buil dings already in flames, saved property of vast value, but led to heavy judgments against himself, which, however, the city subsequently assumed. Taken altogeth er, his whole administration of the post office, municipal department and the sinking fund of that city, proved Gen. Geary no common man. but one possess ed of executive ability of high order. In the summer of 1856 he sucoeeded Wileon Shannon, of Ohio, as Territorial Governor of Kansas. Having always belonged to the Demoaratic party, which had acted with the Bouth, it wa» supposed that Gen. Geary would b« influenced to favor the pro-slavery men of the border in their desperate efforts .to establish that institution in the new State just prepar ' ing for admission to the Union. The other Government officers there, how ever, soon discovered he oould not be used as a mere tool of border ruffianism, | and, with Atchisc#, Hiring! el low and others, who were then raiding the terri r tor*, joined in abuse of the Governor, who had issued orders to diurm tbe ter ritorial militia, (principally Missourians,) called out bj his predecessor, was endeav oring to bring peace oflt 1 of anarchy— protected i<anrrunce against their threat ened attack, and generally dealt with fairness toward all contending factions in the territory. Not receiving the sup port from President Buchannau which was promised him when he accepted the position, Gen. Geary, in March, 1857 resigned his office and returned homo, greatly to the regret of the free-Stjite population. His administration there, during a period of unexampled difficulty n ill always he spoke!) of to his praise. Ilis more receut history, as a gallant General of the Uniou armies, duriug the Great Rebellion, is known to all, and needs no repitition here; as we had de signed more to oall attention to Geary as a civilian than as a military man, the du ties of the position which he is next to oeeupy pertaining alinoit entirely to the former character, and requiring the ex ecutive ability so abundantly shown by hiui in tha civil positions be has hereto sore filled. Ihe Pittsburgh Gazette gives the fol lowing brief but correct resume of Geu. Geary's military achievements during the war : From reports filod in th« office of the Secretary of war, it appears thut during his term of service Gen. Geary was en gaged in over fifty hotly contested battles and important skirmishes, besides many others of lesser note. Among those en gageuicnts may be especially named that Roliver Heights, Cedar Mountain, the three days' tight at Chancellosville, the snuggle at Gettysburg, which also lasted three days, and resulted in driving back the enemy from the soil of Pennsylvania, Wauhatcliic, Lookout Mountaiu, Mission Hidge, Itinggold, Triana, Mill Creek and Snake Creek Gaps, Rcsara, (two days,) New Hope Church, (seven days.) Muddy Creek, Noses Creek,Kolb's Farm, Kene saw, Pine Hill, Marietta, Peach Tree Croek, siege and capture of Atlanta, (twenty days,) siege of Savannah, (ten days,) which was captuied by his division teu hours boture any other troops reached that oity, as wus also Fort Jackson, both of which places were surrendered in person to Gen Geary. In this capture three hundred and fifty prisoners, one hundred and fourteen pieces of artillery, thirty-eight thousand five hundred bales of cotton aud five ocean steamers, with an immense \ariety of .munition and other stores, fell iuto the hands ot the victors. Upou the capture of Savanuah. Gen. Geary was appointed by Maj. Gen. Sher man, its Military Governor, which posi tion he filled with signal credit to himself until he was relieved, that he might ac company the triumphant army of Sher wau in its further inarch through tho Carolina*. lo tho battle of Bolivar Heights ho received a severe wound iu the right knee, and at Ceilar Mountain l>o wan slightly wouudu i in the lei! uiikie, and seriously through tiie elouw j.iuit nt'this left arm. He was aiso strueli iu the right breast and severely Injured by the fragment of shell at Cliaucullor ville. His two wins hccoiupanied hint to the Sold, the eldest of whom, A young man of eighteen years, who had advanced hiuisolf by sterling ability to the command of a battory, with the ranlc of Captain, and gave promise of tho utmost capacity and usefulness was killed at the battle of Wauhatchia. "At the time that he f»II," says an elo quent writer, "he was acting as Lieuteri aut of one section of Kaapp's Mattery.— As an artillcrest he had no superior in the aruiy. His gun was his pride. He was always beside her, and his aim was uuerriug. At this battle, about twelve hundred and fifty men under command of Con. Ceary, were attacked from an eminence, by five thousand of the enemy, at twelve o'elock at night. The unequal fight was gallantly accepted, and though the command was at first thrown into some disorder, they speedily rallied, and not only repulsed, but drove from the field the vastly superior numbers of the enemy. In the hottest of the fight—in the of sighting his gun, his forehead pier jed with a bullet, young Ceary foil, ami instantly expired. Hie father coming to the spot, clasped in an agouizing em brace the lifeless form of his boy—then, mounting hiH horse, d died wildly into the thickest ranks of the foo, and rode like an avenging spirit over that bloody field until the enemy were utterly routed and put to flight." This General Hooker pronounces the most gallant and success ful charge 'hat has oome to his knowledge during the war In this official report of thii battle Gen. Hooker says: "During these operations a heavy mus ketry fire, with rapid discharges of artil lery, continued to reach us from Geary. Jt was evident that a formidable adver sary had gathered around him and that he was battering him with all his might. For almost three hours, without assist ance, he repelled the repeated attacks of vastly superior numbers, and, in the end, drove theui inj»loriourly from the field. At one time they bad enveloped him on three sideß, under circumstances that would have dismayed any officer except one endowed with an iron will and tqo most exalted courage." SUCH js THE CHARACTER OF GENERAL GEARY ! Chambertburtf Repository THE SITUATION. Duriojj tbe great debate in which the country u nosv engaged it is well to re member that temperance of tone and a careful regard for truth are always pow erful ajjjes. We have htely had signal illustrations of the tally of extravagant Ktateiuenu and pera.ouul aspirations; and there can lie uo more palpable absurdity l ban those who stood steadily together agaiust rebellion when rebellion was for midable are now anxious and plotting to surrender the Government to rebels de feated and disgraced. Yet these are charges gravely made against such men as Charles Sumner on the one hand, and Andrew Johnson on the other. Now eitjber or both of these gentUuieo may be mistaken in the policy of reorganiza tion which they favor, but there is surely no reasonable ground for believing that thej are hostile tlr« Vtricm of C<overn nient. Their riewi of the true coarse t« pursue may hopelessly differ, but cer tainly while their intentions are beyond suspicion the difference of their views may be diseuag«d without acrimony.— Ihe situation ia entirely without prece dent, and denunciation, insinuation, and fierce partisanship merely confound the confusion and exa.pir.te honest differen cea It is as unjust to assert that Congress ia hostile to the loyal men at the South as it is to iusist that the President i« anxious to have disleyal men sit in Con gress. It is as inaccurate te declare that Congrom means to sustain a pauper elan of freedmen at the expense of the Gov ernment as to argue that the President intends to botray the freedmen defense less into the hands of those who hate them. It is as untrue to say that the course of Congress violates the Constitu tion as that the polioy of the President overthrows it. The truth lies between all these extremes, as may be seen by looking at the last point we have men tioned. If, for instance, it be alleged, in defense of what is called the Presi dent s policy, that the war was to prevent stcession ; that it was successful; that secession was therefore prevented ; that the States are now, as before, in the Union; and that, consequently, Congress has no constitutional right to prohibit their rep resentation—it is no less true that if those States are in the Union they were equally *0 in May lust, and that the President has no constitutional right to appoints Provisional Governor of a State in the Union. The tiutH is, that the President acted from the necessity of the case; and that must be the principle of action un til reorganisation is complete. Then, and not before, the authority whioh is called the war power cases, and the nor mal habit of the Union is resumed.— The argument is by no means ended, as Senators Doolittle and Johnson seem to suppose, when it is prosed that the late rebel States are not out of the Union.— They were not out of the Union a year ago. Was any representative whick South Carolina might have chosen to send to Cjugrcss at that time to be therefore admitted without question ? No sensible man will affirm such an absurdity. Neither the President nor Congress hold that thct mere fact of laying down arms raised against the Government proves oither the loyalty of those who surrender or the propriety of admitting without (jucstion the representatives, whoa tlicy send. Senator Iteverdy Johnson himself concurred in the report made to the Senate in February of last year that it was "improper for this bady to admit to seats Senators from Lonaitna till, by some joint action of both lloutet, ther• »U<M be. tome. recognition of an tritting State Government acting in harmony with the Government of the. United Shifts and recognising its authority." All that Congress asks is that the subject shall be investigated and the facts ascertained, and for that sole purpose was the Recon struction Committee appointed. Th* President also reaffirms the same princi ple when ho says, in speaking of the late rebel States: ."When they comply with the Constitution, when they have given sufficient evidence of thoir Iqyalty and that they can be trusted, when they yield obedience to the law, I say extend to them the right hand of fellowship, and let peace and union be restored. So says the President; so say we all. But here are points to be decided, and by whom ? Is it not evident that Congress must docidc them for itself before it can admit a single member 112 The President may for himself be satisfied upon some of these points, and he says in his Veto Message that, in his judgment, "some" of the late rebel States may properly b* admitted to representation, nut surely neither he nor any other man can expect that his conviction will bind Congress.— There was never a subject, indeed, which required more deliberate consideration. The honor of the country pledged to the freedmen ; the security of the national debt; the increased representation given by the Emancipation Amendment to tha late rebel States ; the danger of any risk of assumption of the rebel debt in any form —all require the most thoughtful care in legislation. Hut the uo«t truly patriotic man may honestly diffur obout methods, and if upon ;nv point Congress and the President d sagrec, the Constitution indicates the course to pursue. He may interpose hi* vete. If Congress overcomes it by the Constitutional vote, its will becomes a law of the L'nitod States which the Presideat is sworn to execute. If his veto prevails the will of Congress so far fails to be come a law. But the President, if he have any regard for the dignity of hia office or for the just distribution of pow ers in this government, will be very wary yf declaring that his *iew of the esse shall prevail against that of Congress. The President is but a co-ordinate branch of the Government. He is not the superior of Congress nor of the Supreme Court. (Ie is the exeuutive officer of the laws.— l Meanwhile his veto of any measure is a deliberate appeal to the country upon the point of difference, and the country will decide the question at the ballot-box. But we confidently trust that no such appeal will be necessary. The President and Congress have the same end in Tiew. They both desire the resumption by every State of its relations in the Union at the earliest moment oonsistent with the gen eral peace and security ; and if Congress, accepting the facts of the situation, trusts something to time, something to the tra ditions of the Government, something to the sure laws which, despite passion ani prejudice, still control human affair*; and if the President, mindful of the evual dignity and responsibility of Con gress, remembers that firmness is not in consistent with forbearance, nor convic tion with conciliation ; and if orators and journals reflect that rhetorical fury is always feeble and futile, the great party of lOyal men who saved the Unioa will Becure its peaceful perpetuity by mutual moderation and wise concession.— Har~ per'* Wetkly. —The desks of the late Confederate Congress have been sold at auction in. Richmond. They brought oolj twenty five cents apiece. We consider this, a good prioe. They might hare t>*fn *old by tie ?«rd.