Newspaper Page Text
The Philadelphia Butchery. I MOTHER AND FOUR CHILDREN ENTICED FROM HOME AND BUTCHERED. ■ CfIBAXD AJtD WAfIAID AJID 9LAIV. PHILADELPHIA, April J?. —Pull re ports of the I/eeriflg lauiily murders shows it to have been one of the most horrible butcheries of the age. The press reporters say that the body of the •.mother and those of her four children ■were found in one corner of the barn, near a small outhouse, which communi cated together by a hole, ijjrmigh whipli (ho remains of tljo murderod victims were brougbf t# view. It seems as though the bodies were thrown into one heap pufl melt,and then covered over with dirt and hay. The unfortunates were most terribly mangled about their heads. A new, sharp and bloody axe was found in the rei.r of the dwelling, which had been u&ed tg (Jg the bloody work All of the wictinyS seem to have been utrueif on the left side of the forehead, just above the eye. with the heel of the axe, and then with the blade of the murlorjm The demon finished Ins horrible work by cutting tho throats of all. One of the little boys was so horribly cut that his head dropped off when his body was lif ted up The other boy, when discover ed, had his right arm crooked and partly raised as though attempting to ward «»fi .the blow that sent him into eternity.— Tho mother jras defending her iroiu jhe attack of the deuiot., wheu she was mercilessly struck down. The babe had recieved an awful blow on the upper part of the breast, near the shoulder, al most severing one of its arnn, aud also another sharp cut on tho side of the head. Probably the most correct of the sur mises expressed Is that all this horrible work was done on Saturday morning,dur ing the absence of Mr. Deering. Ilis body, and that of Miss Keating, his niece, were found alongside of the barn, not far distant from the spot where the others were discovered. Tho bodies of Mr. Deering and Miss Keating were cov ered over with hay, with one of his feet partly sticking out. A little boy aged fourteen years, who lived with tho lami ly and worked upon the form, is missing. It is believed he was also murdered, and liia body thrown into a deep well, Qr gtye of the many ditches that abound in that section of the country. The well on the premises was partly searched last night, but no bottom could be reached. The ditches in tho vicinity of tho house were also examined, without discovering the body of the missing bov. The search is being resumed this morning with renew ed vigor. Tho Ledger says the more this murder is examined into, the more astounding it appears. A mother and her four children are butchered. It is suppose!, singly after being enticed trorn home, and with out leaving any marks of the hellish deed behind; and then upon tho arrival ' of the husband and niece, for them to have been dealt with in the same man ner and still no spot of blood found in the house, it is indeed surprising. The only rational theory that we have heard is that upon the arrival of Mr Deering and his niece, be discovered that his family were not in the house, started after them, and after leaving the hnu-e was met by the murderer and slain. The niece then, it is thought, followed her uncle, and was in turn killed in the same manner JLJu fortunately, it appears that the naas of the supposed murderer is not known by any of the neighbors, nor can any de scription of him be given. It is only known at present that he was a German laborer. The excitement in rezard to •this horrible murder in the lower section of the city is intense. LATER.— An additional victim in ti e horrible tragedy down the Neck, was discovered thistnorning. The body of, the missing boy, Cornelius Cary, was found under a hay stack, with his head smashed in with a hammer and his throat cut The clothes of the supposed mur derer have been found They are stain ed all over with blood, The Bulletin gives the following de scription of the supposed assassin : A German named Anthony or Autonine, aged 28 to 30 y.efps; height five feet eleven inches; very muscular; light com plexion; light hair, slight moustaeheand great pimples on hi* face; round shoul dered; walked slowly, taking long stride*; speaks imperfect English. The police are making earery effort to purest the mur derer. PHILADELPHIA, April jL3.—A ipsa was arrested at the ogrner of Twenty third and Market streets, this afterno >n. who confesses to jiving committed the murder of the Dperiqg family. He -tates that be was Msiated by a cuui^4uuu,j AMERICAN CITIZEN. whom he has described minutely to the authorities Search is being tuade for his accomplice* The prisoner is now at the central police st tion. The man arrested is named Antoine Gaote. He formerly belonged to the Fifth I'ennsjlvania Cavalry. The pris oner states that on Saturday, about 12 o'cbck, he killed the boy. Cornelius Carry, while ho was on the haystack, but that another man, by the name of Jacob Youder, foriuoirly of the Eloventh Pennsylvania Cavalry, killed tho rest of the family. The announcement of tho arrest of Antoine Canto created intense throughout the city. Extra editions of the Bulletin and Telegraph were issued, giving the particulars of the arrest. The news spread like wil d fire, and vengencc against the prisoner was uttered on either side. An immense crowd collected around the polioo station at tho State House, and threatened to lyneh the prisoner. A cousin of tho murdered family wanted to take summary vonsrence upon him. Tho prisoner was finally removed in safety to the prison. Mr. DaluiP, grandfather of the Peer ing children, fully identifies tho prisoner as the man employed on tho farm, and also the articles of clothing he had on when arrested, as belonging to Mr. Deer in-». The prisoner describes Youder as follows : Thirty-eight to thirty-nine yeaS old, broad shoulders, heavy black mustache, dark brown hair, wore milita ry pnnts, had a boil on the left side of his neck, weighs about 100 pounds, car tied off blaek leather Viasr. The prison er lo<t. his thumb in the cavalry service. PHILADELPHIA. April 18.—The grand jury this morning found a true bill of in dictmo nt against Antoine Probst for the murder of the Deering family. The pris oner was brought into court ami arraign ed atone o'clock this altemoon, after much legal defay. The prisoner hrving no counsel, tho court assigned him Messrs, •John P. O'Neill and J. C. W. Albert The prisoner at first stated that he did not w sh to have any defense at all, but sub seqtiently withdrew his objection to hav ing counsel. After conversation with tLi pfiaoner, Mr. O'Neill asked that the arraignment be postponed until himself and his eo league cm Id bo -"(forded time to examine the indictment. It is under stood that tho "prisoner expresses a will ingness to plead uuilty to the court in tho bill charging him with tho murder of Cornelius Carey. The District Attorney proposes to try him upon tho count eharg Jng him with the murder of Mr. Deer ing. This will show the confidence of the Commonwealth officers in the strength of his case, without availing himself of the pretended confession of the murder. A New Orleans letter wys : One thing is quite observable at tho Catholic ehurchcs, which* Protestants might well learn everywhere, that all persons, rich and poor, blaek and whito, kneel together in perfect equality. True thero arc pews, and pejys sold or rented; but these pews, especially in thjj old or Freach part of the city, are indiscriminately rented tu blaek und white alike. I noticed in the old Catholic 1-bureh of St. Louis, which coftf'rorits you as you come up the river, some of the pews noarcst the altar occu pied I y colored people, amd others scat tered about the church without any ef fort to discriminate between them and the white. The Crtholic is, and a catholic ooe it is truly, that "all are equal •■cfore God." GOVERNOR ''URTIN. —The Legislature, just before its adjournment, passed unan imously a vote of thanks to Governor Curtin. This, think, is without a precedent at the etd of a second term of and as, several times during the war, similar \o es were passed, His Ex cellency must feel highly gratified, ciallj- asjjon each occasion the honor was wholly unexpected. The Governor's health has been beriously impaired by the excessive fatigues asd ouxicties he went through during the war. He will leave his office in health and in fortune, but with the proud consciousness that he did his duty faithfully, and that the people, as well as their representatives, are grate ful to him.— Philadelphia Bulletin. —A monster snake was killed near Nashville, Tennessee, the other day.— When alive and stretched out it meas ured more than twelve feet length,a,id could easily swallow a Shanghai chicken. —A golden rule for a young lady is po converse always with your female friends as if a gentleman were of tho party; and with the young men as if your female companions were present. —Why is a wa-herwom 0 tjhe #i'#t' cruel person iu the world? Because sho dkiij lueu'a bosoms. " Let us have Faith that Right makes Might; and in that Faith let us, to the end, dare to do ou. duty as vvrunderstand it"— A LUJCOJ,*. BUTLER, COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, AIPRTL 25, 186G. TfiE CIVIL RIGHTS BILL. The Following is the bill as it passed both Houses, ' the objection of the Pres ident to the contrary notwithstanding." The vote in (he Senate was 33 to 16 ; in the House 122 to 41; He it enacted, dr.. That all persons born in the United States, and not sub ject to any foreign power, excluding In dians not taxed, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States, an 4 such citizens of every rnco and color, without regard to any previous condition of slavery or involuniary service, except as a punishment for crime whereof tho party shall have been duly convicted,shall have the same right in every State and Territory to make and enforce contraets, to sue, to be sued, be parties aud give ev idence, to inherit, purchase, lease, sell hold and convey real and personal prop eaty; and to full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for llip security of person and property as is enjoyed by white citizens ; and sfja} I be subject to like punishment, pains, and penalties, and in none other; any law, statute, or-' dinance, regulation, or custom to tho contrary notwithstanding. Sec. 2. And that any person who, un der color of any law. statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or cause to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State or Territory, to the deprivation of any right secured or protected by this act, or to punishment, pains and penal ties on account of such person having at any time been held in a condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, except for the punishment of crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, o r by reason of his color or race, than is prescribed for ti>c punishment of white persons, shall bo deemed guilty of a mis demeanor, ami on conviction shall be punished by a fine not exceeding 81,000 or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both, in the discretion of the Court. Sec. 8. Thai, the District Courts of the United States, within their respective Districts, shall have, exclusively of the Courts of the several State, cognizance of all crimes und offouses committed against, the provisions of this act, and, also, con currently with the Circuit Courts of the United States, of all causes, civil and criminal, affecting persons who are deni ed, or eanngt enforce in tho Courts of judicial tribunal of the State or locality where they may be, any of the rights se cured to them by the first section of this act; and if any suit or prosecution, civil or criminal, has been or shall bo com menced id any State C.ourt against iwiy such person, for tha causo whatsoever, civil or military, or any other parson, any arrest or imprisonmnent, trespass or wrong done or committed by virtue or under color or authority derived from this act, or the act establishing a Bure.u for the relief of Freed wop and llelugecs, and all acts amendatory thereof, or for refug ing to do any act upon the ground that it would be inconsistent with this act, such defendant shall have the right to remove such cause for trial to tho proper District or Circuit Court in tho manner proscribed by an act relating to Habeas Corpus, and regulating judicial proceed ings in certain cases, approved March 8, 1863, and all acts amendatory thereto.— The jurisdiction in civil, and criminal matters hereby conferred on the District and Circuit Courts of the United States, shall be exercised and enforced in con formity with the laws are suitable to car ry the same into effect; but in all cases where such laws are not adapted to the object, or are deficient in tho provisions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and punish offenses against the law, the common law, as modified and changed by the Constitution and statues of the State wherein the Court havi.ig jurisdiction of the cause, civil or criminal, is held, so, fa,r as the same is n.ot inconsistent with tlie Constitution a<i>d laws of the United State?, be extended, and govern said Courts in the trial and deposition of such cause; and. if of a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment on the party found guilty. SSqc. 4. That the District Attorneys, Marshals and Deputy Marshals ihe United States, tlie Comu»issigufcrs appro ved by the Circuit and Territorial Courts of tho United States, with power of ar resting, imprisoning or bailing offenders against the laws of tho United States, the officers and agents of the Freedmen's Bureau, and every other officer who may be especially outhorized and required, at the expense af the JUpited to in stitute proceedings against all and every pen-on who shall violate the provisions of this act, acd cause bin or them to be ajrested and imprisoned, or hailed, as case may be, Jfar trial before such of the • United »r Territorial Courts m l>v : this act iiap ut ike oiheuee, j and wiih a view to affording reasonable protection to all persons in their consti tutional rights of equity before the law, without distinction of race, or color, or previous condition of slavery, or involuntary servitude, except as a pun ishment for crime, whereof (be party shall have been duly convicted, and . the prompt discharge of the duties of this act, it shall be the duty of the Circuit Courts of the United States, and the Su perior Courts, ef the Territories of the United States, from time to time, to in crease the number of Commissioners, so as to afford a speedy and convenient means for the arrest and examination of persons charged with a violation of this ad. Sec. 6. That said Commissioners shall have concurrent jurisdiction with the Judges of tho Circuit and District Courts of tho United States, and the (Judges of tho Superior Courts uf tho Territories, severally and collectively, in torni timo and vacation, upon satisfactory proof be iflg made, to issue warrants and precepts for arresting and bringing before them all oflenders against tho provisions of this act, and, on examination, to dis charge, admit to bail, or commit them for trial, as the facts may warrant. Sec. 0. And such Commissioners aro hereby authorized ano required to exer cise all the powers and duties conferred on them by this act, and the same duties with regard to the offenses created by £his act as tfoey ure authorized hy law to exercise with regard to other offenses against tile laws of the United States.— That it shall be the duty of tho Marshals and Deputy Marshals to obey and exe cute all warrants and precepts issued un der the provisions of this act, when to them directed, and should any Marshal or Deputy Marshals refuso to receive such warrant or process when tendered,or to use all proper means diligently to ex ecuto tho same, ho shall, on conviction thereof, bo lined in the sum of one thous and dollar*, to the use of the person "up on whom the accused is alleged to havo committed the offense; and tho better to suable the Commissioners to execute their duties faithfully and efficiently, in conformity with tho Constitution of the United States and the requirements of this act, they are hereby authorized and empowered, ij-ithin their counties respec tively, to appoint, in writing, under their hands, any qne or more suitable persons from time to time, to execute all such' warrants and other process as may bo is sued by them in tho lawful performance of their respective duties, and the per sons so appointed to execute any warrant or process as aforesaid shall have author ity to summon and call to their aid the or posse eomitatus of the prop er county, or such portion of the land or naval forces,of tha United States or of the militia as may be ueccssary to the per formance of the duty with which they are charged, and to insure a faithful ob servance of the clause of tho Constitu tion which prohibits Slavery in conform ity with the provisions of this, act; and said warrants shall ruu and bi executed by said officers anywhere in tho State or Territory within which they are issued. Sec. 7. That any person who shall knowingly and jvronglully obstruct, hin der, or preveut any officer or other per son charged with tho execution of any warrant or process issued under tho pro visions of this act, or any persons law fully assisting him or them, from arrest ing any person for whoso apprehension BUoh warrant or process may have been issued, or shall rescue or attempt to res cue such person from the. custody of the officer, or person or persons, or those law fully assisting as aforesaid when so arres ted, persuant to the authority herein given and declared, oj shall aid, abet, or assist any person so arrested as aforesaid, direetly or indirectly, to escape from the custody of the officer or other persons le gally authorized as aforesaid, or shall harbor or conceal any person for whom a warrant or process shall have been is sued as aforesaid, so as to prevent his dis covery and arrest after notice or knowl edge of the fact that warrant has been issued for t|)e apprehension of such per son, shall, for either of said offences, be subject to a fine not exceeding SI,OOO and imprisonment not exceeding six months, by indictment before the District Court of the United States for the district in which said offense may have been com mitted, orhaforo the proper court of crim inal jurisdiction, if commitftd within any one of the organized Territories of the United States. Sec. 8. That tho District Attorneys, the M. rahals, their Deputies and the Clerks of the said District and Territo ial Courts, sh:ill be paid for their servi ces the libs fees as may be allowed to similar services in other cases, aud in all cases where the proceedings are before a Commissioner he shall be entitled to a fee of 810 in full fur his services in each case, inclusivo of all ser vice# incident to such arrest and exami nation. The person or persons authori ed to executo the process to bo issijed by such Commissioners for tho arrest offen ders against the ' provisions of this act, shall be entitled to a fee of $5 for oacli person ho or they may arrest and take before any such Commissioner as afore said, with fueh other fees as may be deehied reasonable for sUeh Commission er for such other additional sorvices as may be necessarily performed by him or them—such a-s attending at the examina tion, keeping the prisoner in custody,and providing him with food and lodgings during his detection aud until tho determ ination of such Commissioner, and in general for performing such other duties as may be required in tho premises, such fees to bo made up in conformity with the fees usually charged by the officers of tho Court of Justice within tho proper dis trict or connty as near as practicable, alid paid out of tho Treasury of tho Uni ted States, on tho certificate ot the dis trict within which the arrest is made, and to be recoverable from the defend ant as part of tho judgmeut in caso of conviction. Sec. 9. That whenever the President of the United States shall havo reasou to believe that offo nses have been or are likely to be committed against the pro visions of this act within any judicial district, it shall bo lawful for him in his discretion, to direct the Judge, Marshal and District Attorney of such to attend at such place within the district, and for Bufiji tjmc as he may designate, for the purpose of more speedy arrest and trial of persons charged with a violation of this uct; and it shall be the duty of ev ery Judge or other officer, when any such requistions, shall be received by him, to attend at tho place and for the time there in designated. Sr.C. 10. That it shall be lawful for tho President of the IJuitcd States, or such persons as he may empower for thut purpose, to employ such part of tho land or naval forces of tho United States, or of tha militia, ti shall be necessary to prevent the violation and enforce the due execution of this act.' SEC. 11. That upon all questions of law, arising in any cause under the pro visions of this act, a final appeal may be taken to the Supreme Court of tho Uni ted States. The Fonian Bubble. In tho aggregate a vast sum of money has been collected by tbe leaders of the Fenian agitation. Most of it has been drawn by specious appeals from ignorant and excitable men and women, having scant resources boyoad theirseveral physi cal industries, and needing all the wages they could earn for the comfortable sub sistence of themselves and families. The agitators, through a long series of months, havo had a good time. They fcajc indul ged j fi the luxury of elegant quarters, ap petizing food and drinks, and superfine clothing. Exasperated feeling on the part of a large majority of the native population towards Great Britain for her course dur ing the rcbAlion, contributad to tbe fa cility ivith which the swindling was con ducted. The movement gave at least a promise of annoyance, if not of retribu tion ; and that was sufficient to ensure it a sort of impunity and encouragement.— Great Britain had acted so badly towards us that it was thought to be a justifiable retaliation to allow a '"><l upon Ireland or upon some of her Provinces to be engin eered from this country. So the affair went on. While the leaders enjoyed themselves at the expense of their d*pcs, they put off, under a variety of pretexts, the time for action, until it could bo put off no longer It became necessary to slink away and hide in obscurity from a crush ing weight of indignation and contempt, or else to make a show of setting on foot a military expedition under the Green Flag. We havo heard Fenian orators declaim in characteristic bombast about their con templated raid across the border, and the prodigies of valor they would enaet uuder strong inspiration derived from a sightof the bloody flag of St. George. Tho elo quence waj of its sort, and must have been palatable to men who could make, when hungry, a satisfactory dinner of whipped syllabub or floating island.— But there is a terrible falling off in per formance now that tho day of trial has come. Here is an invasion Attempted with such paucity of numbers and defi ciency of appliances as not to produce even a respectable fright on the border. A more absurd a and crimiu&l pioycmtint than this upon the province .of New Brunswick so far seemscto be, has not been inaugurated for a century. If this is tho utmost the leaders can do, after all their vaunting of a million men ready to take tho field at one blast of their bugle, it is timo they left tho stage. Awhile ago they proclaimed that it was not men but money they wanted. There must have been a tor,o of irony in the ygioe, not de tected at the moment, but it is palpable enough nov to the apprehension of every one. The leaders t cant money. Who remains sufficiently a dupo to furnish it ? —Pittsburgh Gazette. SOUTHERN' LITHATUEE. There is one sure index of the stato of public sentiment in the South which it will not do for us to disregard. Earnest ly as wo desire to see tho great work of paciflcajion goon; and to see a speedy restoration of the Union, wo cannot but observe with regret the tone of a great part of tho Southern press. Men who have been engaged in treasonable war fare against tho Union for fivo years, by a strange perversion of ideas denounce as traitors those who have stood by the old flag i» all its trials. The leopard cannot change his spots, nor the Ethiop h : s skin, and it seems to be as great an impossibil ity fjr a bred- in-the-bono Rebel to be come a true patriot. Such men as write for tho Southern peoplo appear to be in their best element when ptjgaged in tho denunciation and disparagement of those who have compelled them to submit to the dominion,of the law. It is natural that there should be some ascerbity of feeling on the part of a whip ped people after the close of a war in which all their fine spun theories were knocked into oblivion, and their boasted chivalry proven to be vain bombast. The political mountebank and the social pre tenJer arealike mortified at tho fall which so soon followed their "pride, which go eth' before destruction." They claimed to havo a patent right for all the chivalric honor of the country. Their movement was a lie and a fraud from its inception. They claimed to be a kind and hospitable peoplo—their treatment of Unionists and unprotected prisoners of war in the hor rible prisons of Libby and Andersonville prove them to have lacked common hu manity. They boasted of their military' prowess, aud that one of their men was equal to five patriots; but results have disjiroven their clnim, and thrown upon them the shame*of being vain Oascona ders. That this should humiliater them and make them sore against us is not to be wondered at; but wo suroly have a right to be surprised that their contempt for us is, at least, as great as over, and that their belief iu their superiority re mains unshaken by the events of tho past five years. The President's magnanimity has been misinterpreted; rebellious newspapers are in full blast, and free speech by Union ists cannot be safely indulged iu. Gov. Hamilton has found Texas falling so com pletely into the hands of the liebels that ho is on his way to Washington, it is said, for further instructions. Force ap pears to be the only thing not despicable in the eyes of the Southern majority. We think this may be partly attributed to the bitterness of the Boutheru press, of which we have a counterpart in the press of our own city. We know very well that papers would not be printed if they had uot subscribers and patronage, yet it is also true that a paper may modi fy the opinions of its patrons, and, by inculcating sound views, do a great deal toward the establishment of good feeling. Tit® press 'u a mighty lever for good or ill. It may increase or allay cxeitemcnt —it may foment discord or contribute to harmony. Let those who sneer at the vasity of authorship remember Swift's political power arising from his practical use of tho pen. He proved the truth of Richelieu's maxim, "Th* pen is mightier tfcau the sword." A man of no estate aud (jbscure birth in au aristocratic coun try, by mere fores of diction and energy of thought, rises to such influence over the executive power of his Government as to control and direct it. Did he es pouse a causo in his study, it wis assured of triumph. Pamphlets were his ammu nition. A sarcasm or an epigram often, enabled him to attain his social objects ; and he the popular heart with appeals distributed by the ballad-mongers. One of his pamphlets caused tbe erection of fifty new churches in London; and his "Predictions of Isaac Bickerstoff," besides exciting the- activity of the Inquisition of Pts.tugal, gave the primary impulse to periodical literature, and originated the British essayists. His pretended confes sion of Elliston actually checked street robbery for years, and bis Draper's Let- NUMBER tew vera the and, so far, the most effectual blov yet struck fo r frelaqd The Southern liebellion was precipita ted by inflammatory appeals i B the news pnpers. The Southern press had de bauched tho publio miijd so absolutely that it became intolerant of any other montal aliment than that whi 9 h gattered tho white people, proclaimed slavery di vine, and denounsed Yankees <sd aboli tionism. Tho war does not appear to havo improved Southern literature in any marked decree. Newspapers and maga sines are conducted by the samo men and written for by the same writers as before tho war. De IJow's Review, with Dr. How at its head, again appeals to publio favor with its old corpe of contributors. George Fitihugh, of Virginia, in the April number gives us a characteristic ar ticle on '• Roys," and, jtist aj might bo expected, fills a subject that ought to in spire him with geneious emotion with tho bitterness of his rebellious spirit. "Up to puberty," this writer says, «th o pleas ure of giving pain seems to be tho ( n'y pleasurable sensation of which boys aro •ufceptible. As a young man whatcourte of life would you have him pursuo ? Should ho become n laborer, and instead of cheating others bo cheated by every body » Is not he tho greatest of cheats who cho ats fiijßtdf. and; thereby impov erishes wire and children? No! If,, who rcsolvos to live by his wits, by cheat ing and exploiting, is right, because ex isting social arrangement* necessitate hii course." Now, what £<>rp of social eilucutiov must that man have received who puts forth such views as this ? Aro (hey not in thomselves the saddest comment th.it can bo mado upoq tfae sjato of society in Virginia ? Is it true of our Maryland boyhood that its only pleasure is iu giv ing pain up to the ago of puberty 1 Wo surely think not, Our social condition is certainly not so bad as that. Wo have not had, (hank Qod, QUITE SJ many no groes to whip as to irake it a chief amuse ment for our childyen, Wo think that the natural instincts of boys aro noble, and truthful, and generous, and that if. would require a very perverted educa tion, or a long line of ancestral petty ty rants, to produce so monstrous a brood as that. It may be possible that this is a fair picture of what many boys are, and fhe way they grow up, drawn from the life and education the writer has seen.— Examples of iujustico and the exercisj of violent passions baiore afeiidren may de velop such natures, but wo had hoped they were exceptional. If, as Mr. Fitz iiugh assumes, the boys ar« to bo classed as cruol, wo should bo glad that achangp is likely to come over tho social condition that has made them so. Nor do we think that Dc Bow \rill im prove tho mora la of the community by inculcating tho view that "He who re solves to live by his wits, by cheating and exploiting, is right, because existing so cial arrangements necessitaio his course. " Such sentiments are tho morbid emana tions of disappointed traitors, who vent their spleen upon the whole nation byim plying that they are cheats oad adven turers. Minds so possessed arn not sound or healthy, and we ennnot expect purs water from an uncloan spring. If Da Bow expects to bo of any service to tbu country, or to aid the Southern peoplo in adapting themselves to the requirements of toe situation, he must get a new corpa of writers for his magazine. Geo. Fitz hugh, in his February number of 1861, wrot#} " It is a gross mistake to supposo that abolition id alone the cause of disunion between North and Squib. The Cava liers, J(.eobitcs and Huguenot* sot tied tho South, naturally hate, contemn and despise tho Puritans who settled the North. The former are master rac«s; tho latter a slave race, the deeeadants of tho Saxon serfs." Such opinions as these would naturally tend to the development of a generation of boys, such as FiMregh describes, and it may be that all the boys he sees aro more or less the offspring and victims of these brilliant ideas, for Satan himself could not devise a better plan for making fools and monsters of them. Ilia notions of Government, in the same nnoie, are thus expressed : "Wc of the South must so modify our Stato institutions a* to re move the people farther from, the direct exercise of power." * * * "It is a characteristic of the progress of opinion in the South thitall men seethe necessity of more and stronger govern ment. And yet they complain of the United States granting them ' more anil strange.' government." Ax Old Dominic Sampsoy »y», "Vat a people."