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©riajiml fodrg. For th. Citizen CAN THERE HE ANY HARM IN KISSING. The water® kiwi the pebbly shore, The winds alt kiss the hill*; The sunbeams kiss thj tolip bad For the odor it distills. The dew-drept. kiss tho rose at mora, The cereus dew at eve; The fern and flower in circling claap, Their mystic beautie* weave. The moonbea' skiss the rtondsa! oifht, The star-vem* kiss the sea , While shadows dreamy, soft and Ugh*! Are kissing on the lea. Ther.ephyis kiss tho budding pink. That blooms on beauty'* lip; And ruder blasts, though cold and chill, Its ruby nectar sip. The winds, the waves, the budding flowers, Tho laughing, merry rfH«. Are kissing all from morn till ®va, And clouds stili kiss the hills. Even heaven and earth do meet to kisa, Through team ot sparkling dew ; In kissing, then, can there be harm . I d.n't think »_do you t m , Cawum USTOS'VILLI, PA, pißcellaneons. " THE GEORGIA PETITION. The argument in the Supreme C >uri upon the Georgia petition was very skillful on both sides. The plea of the Attorney Gen etal was masterly. It wnsclenr, concise a. d conclusive, and its simple reasoning is com prehensible by every body. The reply of Mr. O'Oonor was adroit and able ; but it did not deny the conclusion of the Attorney General that the power claimed for the court \H virtually the absolute supreme power of the Government. Indeed, Mr 0 Conor, although asserting the old dogma of the three co ordinate branches of the Govern ment, substantially denies it by claiming power for the Supreme court fo denounce in advance of its operation a law of Congress and to order the President r.ot to obey it. Thathocalls itan "net'' of Congress instead of a law is of no importance unless ho holds that no act of Congress is to be considered a law until tho court certifies its constitu tionality. Mr. Stansbery's positt»n in, that the Peor gia petition claims for the Supreme court a veto superior to that of the President; a power to stay ever law of Congress before it proceeds to execution, and before any case lias nrisen undei it; a power which may lie invoked whenever nominal parties can be found to annul laws which the people con* sidor wholesome and necessary, and which they instruct their representatives to pass. Moreover, it claims that the Supreme court shall settle the most vital of all our politi cal questions of the present time whether the late rebel States ore still States in an entirely undisturbed relation to the Union, Mr. O'Conor rejjied that the Attorney General's argument conceded that Georgia is a State in the Union. But if it be such a State Congress l.jisno more constitutional power to regulate the sufl'iage in Georgia than in New York or 'pioud Massachusetts.' Indeed, much of the aiguineut uf Mr, O' Conor was merely a repetition of the Demo cratic speeches in Congress against the Mil itary Bill. Like them he discussed the question as if there had been no war. Like them ho entir.'ly omitted to state that Con gress, which is constitutionally author z d to make war, can alone determine when war is at an end, and what measuris the secu» lity of the country demand. Like them he omitted to state, that ns the surrender left Georgia and other States without a civil government, congrtss is constitutionally au. thorized to guarantee such a government tc all of tlieiu. Like theui he docs not state that Congress is the sole judge of the meas ures necessary to give effect to the (Emanci pation Amendment, ilis argument, like the Democratic speeches, leaves the aotual ei'uation out. The doctriue of Mr. O'Conor'* argument is fatal to the costitution and to the c unity. It erects the Supreni* court into a political power. If the judges may control the Leg isluture. yet are appointed without popular election and for life, the people are delrMid •d of their sovereignty and the whole gov ernment is suoverted. This point is c>>n» olosively treated in S. G. Fisher's "Trial of the Constitution"—a remarkable lished by Lippencott, in Philadelph a, in 1862, when the present questions were still prospective. Speaking of the very dogma advanced by Mr. O'Conor, Mr. Fisher say; " Such a doctrine must in the end destroy the Judiciary. The people will not bear a political power whioh is independent of their control. If the Judijiary exercises such power, it must become rtprtnenlaliee, which is thu nature of all political power under free institutions." If the Supreme court may decide whether Georgia is a State; if it may pronounce any law of Congress invalid, and forbid the President to execute the laws, then Jefferson was oorreot in saying 'hat the court would prove to be the chief sou toe of danger to our liberties. If Mr. O'Conor's argument be sound the supreme power ot this nation is lodged in a body of nine men erho hold their office for life. It a blind man should affirm that there is no light, an atheist that there is no God, and An owl that there is no darkness, it would be liard to gay whioh was the veriest owl of the three. The broker who broke the other day has hauled up for repairs. Woman's Crowning Glory— her bounct. A precious small glory now a days. AMERICAN CITIZEN. SUNDRY HUMBUGS, Th* Am'rican Agriculturalist says: 'Since our last we have received a'»out two hun dred letters from difierent parts of the coun try with swindling xchemes and circulars, and accounts of imposition and cheating by the humbug opera'ors Many ot the«e re fer to parties described in this journal last month and previously. Oh» rs arc concern ing parties wi>o hive merely changed their places and names. Very many of these letters nsk le-ponses by mail, but the num ber is so large that it is out of the question to write to the half of them. Some a>k the return of tickets, d'e., that tney heve previ ously forwarded; but thin is not practicable We have thousands of those ticket*, and can not afford time to hunt up any particular man's doeumen . unless it be of special im portance. Look for onr expo-ores in past numbers before writing Remember that if we do rut reply to any inquny. either by letter or in a toll »wi:ig number, it is an in dicathn thai the parties inqutied about are either swindlers, or at best of doubtful char acter. This rep mse must answer for many letters asking a response, but which we can not take time to respond to by letter. We mention s few new names, reserving other* for more time and mom than we now have, and others for further investigation. We saj without exception, every "gift en terprise" n»w before thecmntry is a fraud, and that the investors in them will find it so in 0,999 cases out of every 10,000. We have accounts of more than fifty such gift enter prises now under way in various places. The soldier', widows' and orphans' 44 sympathy schemes " are by far the most numerous. They literally "steal the livery of heaven to serve the devil"—that is their own pockets. A. D. BOWMAN * Co., (Van Allen) we re fer to here, not to pronounce them humbugs, but to say the u«e of Mr. Judd's name on their circulars as reference was wholly un authorized, and would have been refused if a*ktxl for. Mr. J. d-cs not indosse anything winch he has not examined with great care, arid even then he aims to avoid being an noyed with a multitude of leiters nf inquiry as to the genuineness of any and every claimed indorsement, by refusing his signa ture. We publish a multiplicity of names of swindlers, but the operators are compara tively few in number, and they change their "busioeV firms and name> at convenience, ami often run several names and places at the *ume time. In our calls on the swind ling gentry in various diigui-es, personally and by proxy, thesune individual will <»n successive days turn up in -evcral localities. For illustration, an old p>>B'-offlce clerk, whose real name is. or wa-,Thomas Fletcher, afterwards win empoved in a provoKt mar shal's a .in In- appeared as "Whit man & Co."; am.n L> 11 Kellum &Co , etc., etc. At er having tried vuri«u* other names ontill they b« came t o well known, he latc:y took up his own again. A MASONIC GIFT SCHEME. (Jborge W. Homos <& Co., aie try dg tope suade u!l (Jo d Masons to se id tliein $300,000 tor as Hiany tickets, proline ng chat c- H at $lO silk hat",s7s plated tea all, and c stingpei'tiftp-haif as much. I' lie\ don't tell how much is to goto a " Hail an I Asylum " fund, and taave the '* time and place of distiihuti >n to be hercaltcr named." No intelligent Ma-on will biio at tuia bait. NL'RSEKT GlFT,— Smith W h lC tier, dating at Chicago, says lie has "lost th-* head oi his family,' 1 (he ought to lo*e bis >wnln a *,) and wants 50,1H)1f i ruiei> to c»n*ole nun ny sending in SIOO,OOO at $2 each, and prom is'-s to give them a chance —a til ty thou sandth cliance— to draw his wondeilul fruit farm ol 34 acres, somewhere in St. Joseph. Mich-, hi don't tell exactly where, i'lenty of other widowers would like a similar con notation. Goto digging, Smith Whittier, and not try to humbug honest people out ol their hard earned dollars by your big pic tuie and great promises. SAM'L. lin HTOI.O A Co., of Philadelphia, ask people to send them $2 each, for a sol diers' orphans' home, offering in return $2 pictures, and a bonus ot ab> ut half a million dollars worth of gifts. '1 hai may do to catch very 'green horns," but not anybody else Before investing f.»r charity's sake, better write to Jay Cooke & Co.. and a»k them it the reference to Geo. A. Cooke is allowed, or worth anything if allowed. OF GIFT KNTERPKI-ES, the meanest are those that solicit patronage ostensibly to aid soldiers, or their widows aud orphans. A score t.r more of them are now operating. Among othera, Tudor, Gates, & Co., of Mui* berry, 0.. alias Cincinnati, give the pre tended full ir.dorscm*ui of Governors, bers of Congress, etc. None but very fool ish people will pay one dollar for one chance in three hundred thousand of drawing a val uable prize, even if sure that s2s6,oooworth is to be urawu tor. W hen one wishes to aid soidiero and their families, better »eud the whole money to resi>t usible paities, and not let the ticket npeiaiors pocket three-fourths or iiine-ieiuhs of the money paid into them. The "Nassaa Association" off» r 12 silver spoons lor $3 in currency, and to throw in gift tickets for watches aud other ariicleß ( *• rnaiked" tram $250.00 to $2 00 each,— V erv tiny silver spoons they would be at $3 lor 12, to **y nothing of the "gifts." Lead spoops, very thinly plated with silver, can he bought fop a trifle, und are worth no more. W here do the live that keep "uch ei terprises agoing? LOTTERIES, i J Furniss, ofOedar s'reet New Yjrk, like manji others, pretends to '' Let us have Faith that Right makes Might I and in that Faith let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it"-- A LINCOLN BUTLER, BUTLER COUNTY, PENN'A, WEDNESDAY, MAY 15, 18G7. • assure a great many people of his ability to send them valuable ptizes.' Let everybody having an itching lo try these fellows, re member Ift, that if they can pick out lucky numbers, then the whole lottery is a swin dle, and yuu will be surely swindled ; 2d, tnat if conducted ta.rly the preteuded Is a liur, and will cheat jou ; 3d, that if he had the ability to seleci lucky numbers, he w./uid BUieiy keep ihcni Inuisel), for he would make far thus ih.in by the com missions he could hope lor Irom any custom* ers you could possibly send; 4th, that at leant nine in every ten of these lotieiy '•agents' keep every dime sent them, and you can never find them nor get a word from then.; anil finally, thai all lottcnes are un laii swindles, however tegulaily conducted, because of every $5 paid in, ihe manigers and agents pocket from $3 to Rand leave only $1 11 $2 to be drawn tor by the ticket*. Beware of New Tea Companies. The no called "Great American Tea Company "ad ertised in our column*, though doing an immense business all over (he country, has not even been complained of to us more than two or thiee times in as many years. On this account, as well us for other reasons we hive previously stated, we believe general satisfaction i* given to their customers. Bot simulated by their success, sever.il of the swindling fraternity have started or pretend** ea to have started other "Tea Companies," some of them copying very nearly the ad-» verti-emems, etc., of the old company. Some ot these we know to be humbugs, (one was H .ted last m nth,) and as t> others we have not evidence sufficient to warrant us in ad mitting their advertisements. Every man offering watches, jewelry, etc., by ticket is to be carefully avoided. Nine out of ten ot the most plausiblo of the-e fel lows will send nothing for your money, and not one in a hundred will give you your money's worth. Every stealer of motal*, modesty,end vir* tue, will be quite likely to steal your money if sent to him These fellows know you will not make a fuss about money sent for imni' dest or immoral books or instiuments, and they will k«?cp it and send nothing, un_ less pretty sure of making a bigger haul af terwards. PLANT*, ETC.— Don't spend your money, time, and soil, on any of the wonderful for eign corn*, se< ds, plants, etc., that just now turns up exclusively in the hands of some one iniiviluiv. Egyptian corn, Dourah corn, etc., which were tried and condemned yeirß ago, are "tip" for speculation again. Harris Bro her-, of Buxton, received some thing toward their just deserts in the supe*> rior Court on April 15th. viz : a fi»ro of £l4, 000 (87000). Good for Button. Now let New York city take hold of her lottery ai d ' gift enterprise" swindlers. Midnight Scene in General Grant's Camp. The battle of A.t ela was the eloquence "I daring on the part of the young Mace" (lonian King That of Tliermopylo was the eloquence of patriotism on the part of Le ODidtia ami his Helots The battle of Aus teriitz was the eloquence of bravery on the part of t'.e y ung Coigicati. The seme of Valley Fr.e was the eloquence of faith on ihc part of Washington. The scene alier the battle of the W ildi'riicgs combined all these elements, and added the eloquence of silence. Tne well known re till of »ha ; fierce o>n fiici was adverse to th" army of the United S ate-. <•» n. Lee had flung one wing of his army between our foiees and the base of their supplies, woieli w< ulil requite nnotlier bit le lo regain 1 hem. Ka.ih division and corps coin lion der knew this sad condition of affairs. They were all summoned to a council of var, to oe held at hea iquarters at one o'clock at night. They were the saddest steps ever taken by that band oi devot'd hearts. Fifteen thousand brave s 'ldiers, dead or dying, or wounded, were lying on the fi. Id hard by. One af er another entered, and after mak ing a noiseless salute, silently tank their S'a s. Uenerals Sclnaeld, Meade, Burn side, Sickles. Howard, and others, 1 believe were there. Not a word was spoken. A lull half hour thus passed by. Their emo tii.ns were too deep for utterance. Hopes of millions hung on the decision of that council. At length General Grant tiek<*d each one in succession il he had any advice to proffer. Each one auswered with a-ad monosylahle, "no!" The commander then wrote a few lines, and handed the slip to General Meade, and he retired. This was repeated until al' were gone, and the General was left alone. One of the staff of a division commander, wno was sick, was the last to retire, and he is authority for the above. All were ignorant uf each other's order Thev felt as-ured that retreat bad been di rected. Any other alternative would have been believed to be madt.e-s. Ilad they known that the older Lad been given to ad* Vance, instant and universal mutiny would have been raised. That eloquent silence l»r which he ha- ever been noted, was the key IO his success there. The next morning each eorps moved, and General Lee, the iusti.nt he perceived it, with vehemence uxclaimed. "Our enemy have a leader at lust, and our cau.-e is loatl" fie had bid bis officers the night before to let their soldiers .deep long. But now he saw the army «h"m he thought utterly de feated, moving around between him ami the ba-e of his supplies. He hastened to begin retraeing his course, and confessed to an artillery offlcer of the confederate army that the doom of their ctyise was sealed. Independent Order of Good Temp lers. In 1851, this Temperance organisation, now so popular and so wide spread, had an obscure origin in one of the small towns uf Western New York. Fir a few years after it was instituted little was hi ard of the so ciety, but for the past twelve yt ars its pro gress has been steailily onward, until it row h's Grand Lodges in every State of the Union but five, also in all the British Pr iv inees, with upwards of one million members all pledged to total abstinence and prohibi tion. As an instance of the growth of the Order we may mention that in 1863 there were less than thirtv Lodges, or societies, in all Pennsylvar ia; now there are over three hundred of these Lodges in this Common wealth; and we are inf .imed by one of the Grand Lodge officials, that there are but six counties at present in our Sta'e, without any Lodges, and to thcce the Grand Lodge lecturers have been dirc.-ted togo and organ* ize Lodges in each of them at once, so that at the annual session of the Grand Lodge, which is to be held in Allegheny city, com mencing on June 13th, the Giand Lodge officers may be able to report the Order es tablished in every county. Rapid as Ims been the increase of the order in PennsyN vania, it ha- been equally sueees>ful in other States, from Maine to Ca'ifornia. In Mich igan there are four hundred Lodges! The session of the Grand Lodge, to cme nff as stateil, will call together about five hundred delegates from the various Lodges of the State, and doubtless a portion of the time will be devoted to public meetings in the Halls and churches when the Orators of the Order will have un opportunity or ad dressing the public generally. Every sub ordinate Lodge rs entitled to send one rep resentative to the Grand Lodge. Faery Lodge having one hundred members on the 30th of April, is entitld to send two mem bers. The coming Grand Lodge session, owing to the zreat increase of the Order during the past year, will be of more :han ordinary interest.— Ex- SLANDER. There is no man who holds n more despis snt.'le position in the community than the c >mni'>n slanderer; ond yet there is none who receive lefs punishment from an indig nant people, lie seems to enj< j a kind of immunity in his conduct and claims an in<* tun ive right to play ihe scoundrel. Occa sionally. a jury can be empanneicd which imposes vindictive damans in rare oases, hut a majority of these rascals either escape entirely unwhipt of justice, or have but mere nominal damage* imposed upon them with costs. And yet the crime of which they aie guil-j, properly considered, is one of the highest known to the law- There is no offence more destructive of the best in terests of society. It poisons, to a gi«»ater •>r less extent, every fountain of public health and prosperity. It assails every ela*>s in the community; youth, witn its warm blushes and bu«>vant heart-; manhood, with its high impulses and bounding energies, and old age with its wrinkled brow and palsied hands. None are exempt from its n alicious and vindictive attacks, It enters the bow crif of beauty and plucks the roues fr«-m its cheeks. It looks in upon the door of innow c n« e, and the flowers which grow upon its thresh hold wither and die at its approach. It is a sin, abhorrent toman and condemned of heaven. It stands arrayed against the eternal cannon 112 the Almighty, delivered am d the flame and thunders of Mt. Sinai, " Thou shult uot bear false witnesa against thy neighbor/' God protect the pure and the virtuous from the advance* of this in sidious fiend. It is sufficient that his poison should be wasted among the low and prof* ligate. IN this country —where lovely women is, so to speak, ensconeed in A shrine, where* unto the incense of masculine adoration con* tinues |o aseend—the idea of their ever having occasion to exercise their mus.-les could iK>t, by any possibility, be generated or e n tertaimd. In England, however, where the statute permitting the husband to chas tiuo his wife with a slick uot exceeding the thicknesii of his middle finger is stiil unre pealed, it may bo as wuil that the gentler sex should have their bleepsdevejopedsuf ficiently f«»r purposes of self-defense. We are, therefore, not surprised that the ladies of Warwick —home of Guy and Kiuhard Neville, famous knight® and king makers of their time—have organ-zed a Boating Club, connection with which will solidify aud strengthen the tihr* 1 that will mostly be called IDIO action HI the settlements conjugal ho • tllitie*. Husband* with flaccid thews and s.uews tu(Ut'g partners froui that neighbor hood wid no doubt bear the fact in mind. The Tribune hears "wiih deep regret that Gov, Seward has decioeu to coutinue the Mi-sicn at Kome, iu defi-ince of the vote ot Congress." 4 * That body," continues the Ti i une , ** had no thougui of censuring Gen. King in its action ou this subject; it meant only tu express with emphasm its conviction that the continueacc ot the missiou to lt<>mc was unnecessary and improper. We h<>pe ihe Presideui may see fit to cause this con viction to be respected.'' UNITING TIIE LAKES. — A number of weal thy Amtriean gentlemen, m>#stiy Pen nay U 1 vauians, have offered tu undertake the buil ding of the ship <-anal, connecting the lakes with ihe St. Lawrence. It is to extend across Canadian .territory from Lake Huron to Lake Ontario, and will cost an enormous amount of money, but the advantages to be derived therefrom, and the immense an.ouot ot freight thai will *e«k that channel «112 c«»nveynnce will 1 eider jt one ot ihe most profitable undertaking* ever attempted in Araenea. THE FIRST BLOW. Cable dispatches may blow hot and blow cold on the subject of the critical complica tion ot iiffnirs in Europe; Mr. I'euter may throw n sop to the bears one day.and pat bulls on the shoulder the next; but under lying telegraphic tergiversation and gamb ling manoeuvres, there seems to be the plain, hard faot that war between France and Prussia is a necessity. There is a point of mutual distrust and doubt, of half fear, half confidence, to which no two races or nations can arrive without becoming absorbed in and infntu ited with the desire to try con clusions and settle the vexing question of superiority. France aud Prussia have reached that point. Both are tossed upon the sea of popular passion ; both are. so fur as the course tliey shall pursue, beyond the control of their hehnswen ; aud like two grtMt ships drifti»g toward each other on an angry sea, certain and disasterous collision ig only a question of time, War is a neoessity to France as a means of working off the billion- irritation which has been accumulating ever since the battle of Sad iWn. To let Prussia rest up:in tho laurel-* gathered there and quietly consoli date her nearly forty millions of population into a homogenous empire would be to ad mit that France had lose the commanding lead in continental politics which with tacit unanimity had been accorded her. Such a humiliation is more than Gallo pride can stand. The typical national bird involun tarily rußb's his feathers und utters a crow of defiance at the idea. War is a necessity to Napoleon. No man can play with fire with more adroitness and audacity than lie; no one can perceive more readily the mo ment when the fire will Imdly scorch, or per haps destroy him, if it be not permitted in sonic way or other to burn itsolf out. To him victory on tho Rhine is tho alternative to revolution. War is a necessity to Prussia, as the speediest instrumentality for combining in a common cai se the various countries which now are but loosely united under her govern ment or protection, liisniark's heart is sot tip <na compact Herman Empire, not a mere confederation, and he knows that the only cement with which liu can successfully build up and bind together his pet project is the blood of battle fields. Neither he nor Na poleon is troubled with asupurfiuity ofscru ple3. Though both are constitutionally hu mane and clement men—though Bistnark's tenure of absolute political authority is un stained with a single act of cruelty to indi viduals, and although Napoleon sickened as he looked upon the Solferino slaughter— each and both of them have a second na tore which would not shrink from sacrific ing the lives of millions in the endeavor to achieve a given object. There is nothing, therefoie, to hope for in the interests of peace from the uharaoter of the two principals in whose hands the issue is virtually held. The problem for immediate solution is no longer, "Will there bo War?" It is Kitnply, "Who will strike the first bloit?" Tho re sponsibility attaching to the initial move ment by which hostilities are to he precipi tated is so great; the account which, now n-days, rulots nnd peoples have to render to the moral sense nf mankind at largo ig -o exacting, that it has come to bo the chief end nnd aim of diplomacy for either side to force from the other the first move that can be construed into the actual attack. An impression seems to prevail that, in the cn?e of France and Prussia, the more ad vanced state of preparation which the latter has attained, together with the known bold nes- and occasional choleric impatience of Bismark, aie reasons why the first shot should be fired from the needle gun. On the other hand it must bo considered that Prussia has possession of the Luxemburg fortresses' aud reully has no excuse tor tuk~ irig the initiative, while that occupation is the very thing that French pride is, in fact, almost plcgnd to terminate. Then, though there are discordant elements at work in the newly cunstituted Prussian dominion, there is no revolutionary party, aud, indeed, no spirit of disuouteut formidable enough to require the distraction of war to keep it iroui fomenting into domestic insurrection. Now, iu Frauce, the mercurial nnd capricious temper ui the people is iu a state that can be best described a volcanic. They see the star of ttie second man of destiny they have tried, looking very much as if it were on the point of waniug. I'hey see kis, and with ins, tlioir prestige gradually dnuiui-hiiig ; they feel the shadow of the great power that is rising by their side, au 1 are conscious that it cas.s on thein the appearance, at least, ot partial eclipse; tney think uf Mox ico, and canuot forget the paltry part their emperor played iu the mouieutoos miliia.y drama of lastye.ir; and, in brooding over these things, the confidence tney had go iin plicitly placed in Napoleon, involuntarily oozes out ot them ; their admiratio ■ of bis astuteness and administrative skill evapor ates, and their abiding faith in bis good for. tunc vanishes away. They are beginning to circulate <ie# aaium— malicious, bit ter flavored j ikes—aud this, with your Parisian, is the first ftep toward downright contempt. Napoleon is perfectly well aware of all this, and, being a prntound jud 6 e of French human nature —especially the weak side of it —ho is also aware of the fact that there is butoue way of neutralizing these alarming symptoms. The pitient must be phlebot omized- "France," he will say to himself, with a grim smile, "is feverish; ghemustbe bled and he ii not the man to shrink from applying the remedy. Inasmuch, then, as French impatience will exercise (in Napo leon a pressure from which Bismurk is re lieved by GL'rii.an phlegm ; inasmuch, also, •s Prussia has tho advantage of a defensive attitude, which is of itself a standing prov cation, it tortftinly seeirs as though France would be compelled to open the tnrrihle ball whereat, before it lias oootinued long, bnlf the civilized world will, in all iikelihood, be diawn into the frenzied Dance of Death.— Pitt. Commercial. Jeff. Daris Responsible for the An dersonville Horrors. A dispatch from Washington, dated sth instant. says the Judiciary committee has in its possession a letter written by a confede rate soldier on duty at Andersonville, to Jefferson Davis, while the attrocitie) prac ticed on Union prisoners was greatest. The l'tter enters at length into the details of the barbarous treatment, and says Federal pris oners wire being frequently shot, and that the rebel officers wire encouraging the •laughter. The writer says he hates the Yankees, was driven from his house in Lou isiana by thein, but still lie >annot endure a service which compels him to witness nnd take part in such cruelties as wire pui poselv practiced at the prison. He addressed the letter to Mr. Davis, because be believed him to be a man of honor and a Christian, and that the terrible treatment meted out to pris oners wa9 certainly unsanctioned by liiui. The soldier urged that ho might be shielded from exposure for writing the letter, nnd that President Davis would have the matter investigated and tho abuses corrected. Tho indorsement on this letter shows that Davis received it. The only action taken, how ever, was to refer it to the rebel General Winder, tho brute who was directly respon sible for the shooting and starvation at An dersonville. The document, with its in> dorsement, constitutes tho clearest proof of Davis' personal responsibility for the treat ment of prisoners that has jot cometo light. There are also two letters in posses-don of one of tho authorities, from a rebel surgeon at Andersonvillo to the Richmond authori ties, one protesting against the troatment of Federal prisoners; and a subsequent one showing tlint the first had been received and answered, and he consequently, in thi9, apologized for his previous letter, and sayt he did not understand when he wrote that there were ''diplomatic reas ns," and inans other part of the letter, "international rea* pons" for the cruel treatment, tho virtual admission being that the orueltics were de liberately resorted to for the purpose of forcing an exchange of prisoners, in order that the rebel army might be strengthened. TIIF. Revenue Department has devised an instrument for detecting whiskey frauds, whereby the manufacturers will be compel led to pay the tax on all the fluid they make. So much for the money consideration—very important no doubt, nnd, withal, nearly re lated to a certain moral aspect of the subjoct. But if the quality of the fluid inanufacturod could bo ascertained and nil but the very best destrojed, nearly, if not tho entire mor al ground would be covered and little would remain to l;o done; unless, indeed, tho man ufaotuiß of whiskey were confined to medi cinal anil mechanical purposes. No doubt it is very important the Government should get the taxes—for the money is needed. But tlfe livesof men are precious, and if the Rev enue Department will invent an instrument that will save them as well as the money, by insuring as much certainty as to the quality as the quantity of whiskey made, we think it will be found a state of things has tieen introduced into the country that will do more towards paying the national debt than any Revenue measure yet devised. —Pilt. Com'l. THAT there will tie no immediate war in Europe is rendered certain. The London conference will insure pcac6—for a time. That it will secure permanent peace is scarcely probable, but it will give France nnd Prussia time to prepare for the contest which A'ictoria seeks to avert -the time for preparation which, it is not improbable, tolh mostdesire. The question of Suprem acy underlies the whole business, and it is scarcely probable that any conference will be able to devise any permanent settlement of that question. D is the growth and at titude of Prussia which irritates the French Emperor ; and it is because she feels herself strong and capable that induoes Prussia to irritate him. The elements are n"t such ns can be handled by a conference to the satis faction of either Side. Ultimately thequcs ti"n most be settled ir the field ; the confer ence is more likely to give t'tne for France and Prussia—nn - '. as for that matter, all Europe—to prepare for the stupendous con - I test.— Pilt. C-m'l. THERE is considerable sense in the followsng; A woman is either worth noth ing or a groat deal. If good for nothidg, sho is not worth getting jeali us for; if she bo a true woman, she will give no cause for jealousy. A man is a brute to be jealous of a worthless one, but a double fool to cut bis throat for either of them. A young couple were married recently. The bride had an unmarried sitter. After the two had been made one, tho reverend uniter of hearts and souls knelt down nnd prayed fervently, entreating the richest blessings and meroies of Providence < n the bride and groom, as well as upon tne ''sur viving sister." " Mother, can't I"g > and have my photi craph taken?" " N'o, I guess it isn't worth while."' " Well, then you might let mo go and have a tooth pullod ; I never go any where." "Are you the mate ?" said a pts. ; enger to the Irish cook of a vessel. "No," an swered Pat, "but I'm tho boy that bo : .l§ thi mute NUMBER 22 LUXEMBURG. The 'fory:Ministry fig land hue done another very dextrous thing. They have advised the Queen to urge the King of Prussia to agree to a general Conference of the Great Powers at L<jn, don to settle the Luxemburg question; and the King has assented. In this happy and timely stroke tS. Tory' Mini stry have restored the Wming'tofluenco of Great Britain in European politics by suc cessfully intervening to keep the psaoo and by assembling tho Congress in Lon don. No other solution of the difficulty was possible. A more causlcss. useless,'and nicked war than that im* minent is not coneeivablo. But the dif ficulty, so far as Franca and Prussia were concerned, was passing beyond the rea sonable point. It was no longer a ques tion of Luxemburg, It was a point of na tional honor. In France even Ernilc do Girardin, whom Louis Napoleon has sued for criticising the imperial policy, and nhosc paper has been seized, said, " Pub lic meetings all over the country should make jfoown to M. d» i Bismark that if (bore is a geruian nation there is also a French nation : that if there is a German patriotism which is snseeptible, there »• a French patriotism which is sensitive; that, in a word, the German people ex cited, misled, and mado to serve Prus sian ambition will find itself opposed not ouly by the French army but by tho French people, determined to defend their independence and to tear in pieces the treaties of 1815." France doos not desiro war," said an official article in the Count it utionnel, " and will use all means consistent with her national or to avoid it." These things were said at a time when it is becoming unpleasantly evident to Frenchmen that, after all the fino talk about tearing the treaties of 1815 and remodeling the map of Kur ipo, Italy has becotno free by the aid of Prussia, Ger many is uniting under the vigorous lead ership of the same power, while Franca not only had no part in the settlement but no advantage from it, not even tha l'.ttle slip of Rhenish territory which is the traditional desire of France. " Ah," sneers Thiers in the Assembly, " yoa have abandoned the old policy of keep ing Germany and Italy divided, and what have you gained by tho new 1 You have gained a compact Germany to which Italy owes its and which will not toleral-e another step in farther ag grandizement of France. The policy of the Empire has strengthened the natural enemies of France abroad, and deprived France of domestic, liberty at home."— \ The philosophy of the speech is false, because it assumes that nations aro nat« urally hostile, but under tiie circum stances it must have prodigious influence in France. .It was becoming a question to France whether Bismarck did not snub Louis Napoleon as well as outwit him i whether France had not twice in the year asked of him as a favor what, if she spoke at all, she should have de manded as a right; whether, in fact, France was not sinking into a subordi nate position in Europe to the parvenw Hohenzollern monarchy, and therefore it was becoming distinctly a question of war or revolution. For France to withdraw in the face of the Prussian position was impossible, and war was inevitable unless Prussia would yield. Yet war could not be welcome ta Prussia, with tho sores of last summer still angry, and Austria biding her time, and France aroused from end to etid; while the treaty questions were by no means clear, and the feelings of the in habitants might be favorable to France. The treaties of 1815 are void by the war of last year; therefore the right of the German garrison in Luxemburg was dis putable. The inhabitants are Roman Catholics, while Prussia is Protestant, and they speak French or Walloon and not German. The question was of policy rather than of right by treaty or populai consent, aud Prussia is doubtless glad of the chance offered by England of dis cussing the question in a general Con gress. That Congress will be the most ira* por ant since the Congress of Vienna, for it mce:s U settle many of the question* which that Congress determined- But in that assembly the people wo re not heard. Even England was represented by L ird Castlpreagh, a Tory of the To rios, and the map of Europe was modeled , in the interest of rulers merely. Tho vast political change of the half century will appear in the different spirit of the London Congress—in which a French Emperor elected by a popular vote and . a Pin sian Minister who founds Germany upon general suffrage, assemble under the auspices of a British Tory Ministry which has just brought in a Reform bill. llnrprf'f Wrrf/fy.