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American citizen. [volume] (Butler, Butler County, Pa.) 1863-1872, June 05, 1867, Image 2

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The Following has been received it the
Department of State :
MAT 27TH, 1807. To Hon. TV. 11
Setcard: I hwre this moment received
the following dispatch, by telegraph. > i<t
Galveston, dfttqrt Matamoras, May 21st :
" I have the honor to transmit to you the
following < fficial letter :
" SAN LOUIS POTOSI, May 15th.—
(It mm I Brrrioznbal, my e»teemed friend:
Viva La Patria ! Queretaro has fa'len
by force of arms this morning at 8 o'clock.
Maximilian, Mejia, Castello and Mira
uion are prisoners.
[Signed] ' BENITO JUAREZ."
Yours truly,
E. L. P^umb
NEW ORLEANS, May 27— A dispatch
via Brazos on the 21st, to Gen. Griffin at
Galveston, contains the fallowing : "I
have just received official information
from Berriozabal, and the United States
consul at Matamoras, that Queretaro was
captured by the Liberals on the 15th
iost. Maximilian, Mejia and Castello
are prisoners.
[Signed] "J. J. IUTNOLDS,
"Maj. General."
MATMORAS, May 22, via NEW OR
LEANS, May 27.—The following was ro
reived from Gen. Escobedo today :
o'clock on the morning of the 15th, La
Crus was taken by our forces, who Bur*
prised the enemy. Shortly after the
garrison were made prisoners, and our
troops occupied the Plaza. Meanwhile
the troops retreated toward Cer.ro De La
Caropana. where our artillery caused him
to surrender at 5 o'clock, A. M. Max
imilian and his Generals, Mej'aand Cas
tello, surrendered unconditionally. You
will please give the President my con
gratulations on this triumph of the Na
tional army.
[Signed] "ESCOBEDO."
General Escobedo reports from the
interior that President Juarez ordered
Arch-Duke Maximilian and all his Gen
erals to be shot.
MATAMORAS, May 25.—The Liberal
force which took possession of Queretaro
has started for the capital. Commodore
J. D. Payana, of the Mexican Navy, has
been ordered by Gen. Berriozabal to com
mand an exhibition against Vera Cruz.
The Liberals have taken possession of
the steamer General Sheridan tor naval
purposes. So ends the struggle in Mex
ico. •
Niw YORK, May 29.—The steamer
iEagle, from Havana on the 25th. has ar
rived, with A r era Cruz dates to the 20th.
The siege of Vera Cruz continued, and
«hots were exchanged daily. The cap
ture of Queretaro and Maximilian were
confirmed. The Liberals had captured
the imperial fleet in the Gulf of Cam
peachy, with many guus, small arms,
ammunition, and a number of prisoners.
Lieut. San Martin, commanding the
sloop Eleanor, was ordered to be shot.
The gunboat Mosquito had escaped ami
arrived at Havana.
A guerrilla force of one hundred men
surprised the garrison of Santiago, Yu
catan, but were finally repulsed with
heavy loss.
The Raiikmpt Law.
One »112 the most important measures as af
fecting the commercial relations of the coun
try, parsed by Congress during the last ses
si n, was the bankrupt law. It seems
■strange, considering the fact that every com
mercial country has some uniform system
of laws regulating bankruptcy, that here
tofore legislation on that subject in this
country should have failed as often us at
tempted, The truth is, however, that the
bankrupt lawn heretofore pa-sed by Congress
huvo been framed to meet special emergen
cies, and not being adapted to the ordinary
wants of the commercial public, have been
repealed as f-oon as the emergency that re
quired them was passed. In 1800 a bank
rupt act was passed, but its object being
simply to relieve creditors, it wis soon dis
covered to be unwise und was repealed with
little or no oppoiitisn. In 1841 another
was passed to suit the necessities of debtors
but it was ro inefficient and objectionablo in
its parts that it was even more short lived
Jhan the former.
Since its repeal to tho present time, we
"have been without a uniform system of laws
on the subject, each State regula'ing the
matter as it preferred. The necessity of a
national bankrupt law that should operate
uniformly throughout the country, and give
the needed relict'to the unfortunate debtor,
and at the same time afford protection to the
creditor, has never been questioned to any
considerable extent. The great difficulty has
been to frame a law acceptable in all its
parts to the different sections of the country.
The present law was not passed without se
rious opposition, but it is such an improve
ment on tho former laws on the subject, and
Bcems to be so well alapted to tho crdinary
wants of the public, that it is likely to re
main in force. It has embodied in it all tho
improvements in English legislation, and
provides first for voluntary, and then com
pulsory bankruptcy. It is impartial in its
provisions and not more stringent than jus
tice to the creditor requires. It aims to re
lieve the hopeless bankrupt, and at the same
time to protect tho creditur againct dishon
esty and fraud. The last section of the act
provides that the law shall go into effect on
tho irst day of June next, [This month.]
after which time all State laws on the sub
ject will be nugatory.— Franklin Rcpo.t.
The negro vote, a new article in Vir
ginia, u- engaging no small degreo of at
teniion in that State. The Valley corres
pondent of the Richmond Enquirer enter
tains and communicates somewhat gloomy
anticipations about it. The people who
are disposed to turn up their noses in a
sublime statj of contemptuous inactivity,
have the alternative placed peforc them of
bestirring themselves or being outvoted by
tho negroes. So says the writer:
•' Contrary to my first opinions, 1 am
convinced that the negro vote will be lar
ger than seems to be generally anticipated,
and more uniformly against the white.
•This is the opinion of those whose oppor
tunity of judging correctly is mueh bettor
t'liau a traveler can enjoy. It will be ne
cessary for our people to register and vote
more generally than they seem disposed
to do is order to keep our S|ate Govern
ment out.of the clutches of the immaculate
The cage is. before them and they 'takes'
their choice
Tho New Llqnor Inn.
The following is the text of the n«w liquor
law approved by Governor Geary on the 17th
of April i
SECTION T. That persons liconsed to keep
taverns or eating houses, shall, as far as in
them lie, prevent all disorderly conduct in
and abaut their premises, ami, in cases of
any disturbance of the peace, fhall itninedi
ntily give nutice to tho neare-t sheriff, con
stable, officer or member of police, uf rucli
disturbance, and call upon said officers to
interpo-et whereupon it shall be the duty ot
such ofiiepr'to remove such disorderly per
sons, and if neod be. to close up the place
and keep it closet! until order and quiet are
entirely restored.
Sr.c. 2 No person shall sell, give away
or dispose of any stroug or spiritous liquors,
wines, ale, beer, or any intoxicating drinks
to any apprentice or any one under twenty
oxe yrars of age, without consent given in
writing, in the easo"f any apprentice of his
master or mistress ; in case of any other mi
nor. of his father, mother or guardian.
SEC. 3. No person shall sell or dispose of,
and no licensed porson shall suffer any per
son in bis, her or their employment to sell,
giveaway, or dispose of any strong or spirit
uous liquors, wine, ale, beer, or any mix
tures of such liquors, toany habitual drunk
ard. or to any ntuxicated person then being
under the influenceof any such liquors, un
der penalty of forfeiture of license.
SEC. 4. No person thus licensed shall,
against the request of any wife, husband,
parent or child, sell, give away or dispose
of any strong or spirituous wines, ales, or
beor, to the husband of any such wife, the
wife of any such husband, parent of any
such child, or child of any such parent, ender
penalty of all the finos and forfeitures of
this act.
SEC. 5. All persons, thus licensed, shall
close or shut up their bar or place of sale at
or before the hour of twelve every night
and notopen the same until sunrise the next
day. nnd on Sundays shall not open them
at all, but keep them shut until Monday at
sunrise ; this is not designed to prevent the
reception and lodging of persons traveling
without violation of the law.
SEO. 0. Any conviction F>r the violation
of any provision of this act by a person li
censed under it, or at any place licensed,
shall work a forfeiture and annul such li
cense, and no license fee shall bo returned.
SEC. 7. It shall bj the duty of every sher
iff, constable, policeman and officer ol police
to compel the observance and to prevent the
violation of this act, and in the discharge of
such duty, if need be, he shall have power
ta clos# up, nnd to keep closed, any place or
places where snch violations become known
to him, whether by hie own personal obser
vation or hy information of any respectable
citizen of the vicinity; also, it shall be the
duty of the office!s aforesaid to arrest such
persons so nlleged to bo acting in violation
of law, and to bring them before any mag
istrate of the vi«inity, to be dealt with no
cording to the provisions of this act; and it
shall be the duty of such magistrates to en
tertain complaints for tho violation of thiß
act, when made under oath by any citizen
of the vicinity.
SEC. 8. It shall be the duty of every sher
iff, eonstable, member and officer of police,
to arrest any and every person who shall be
found intoxicated in any street or public
highway, or in any public place or places
where strong or spirituous liquors, wines,
ale, or beer are sold, publicly kept or dis
posed of, and take him or her before any
magistrate, who, after due inquiry, if ho
deem him or her too much intoxicated to be
fully examined, or to answer on oath cor
rectly, the magistrate shall cause him or her
to be confined until he or she becomes sober,
and then to bo brought before him and in
terrogated under oath or affirmation as to
the cause of such intoxication, and thus as
certain from whom he or she obtained tho
liquor which caused the drunkenness; hut
such examination shall not be used in evi
dence against such intoxicated person iu
any prosecution, civil or criminal.
SEC. 9. Any person who shall sell any
strong or spirituous liquors, wines, beer or
ale, to any ot the individuals to whom it is
declared by this act to fie unlawful to make
such sale, shall bo liable for all damages
which may be sustained in consequence of
such s.->le ; and the parties so offending may
V>e sued in any court of competent jurisdic
tion in the State, by any individual, or the
next friend of su.'h individual, as has sus
tained damage; the r.ettsum recovered shall
inure to the party injured.
SEO. 10. Every person who may, nnd shall
violate any or shall violate any of the pro
visions of this net, shall for each offense be
guiltv of a misdemeanor, and on conviction
thereof, shall be punished with a fine of not
more than twenty dollars, and in default of
payment, with imprisonment of not more
than five days.
Tlio Mobile Itiot--Gen. I'ope'st
1 ho report of Major General Pope cn the
late Mobile Riot has beeji published. He
says: One thing is manifest, and that is,
that the Mayor, Jones M. Withers, though
everybody, and no doubt himself,apprehen
ded a di turbance during Judge Kelley's
speech instead of being present with
necessary police force and arrangements to
keep the peace, went off to his house, a mile
nnd a half distant, because, probably lie
supposed the sentiments of the speaker
would not be p'easant to him, nnd left the
peace of the city in the hands of the Chief
of Police, who either >ympathized with the
rioters or was wholly inefficient. It certain
ly is not to be attributed to the zeal or con
duct of cither of these functionaries that the
riot did not a-sumc formidable proportion".
I have, therefore, removed both, not only
because of their criminal misconduct on this
occasion, but because there is not likely to
be confidence of nny security whatever here
after whilst they retain their offices. I have
ap)o'nted Mr. Ilorton, a much respected
I nion man of Mobile, Mayor, and Colonel
Dimon, formerly of the atmy, but for the
last year a citizen of Mobile. Chief of Po
lice. I will remodel the entire police force
andjpiobahly change the Board of AWer
men in a few days- Colonel Dimcn I know
.well personally, as he served for a long time
under my ennmand, and whilst he is Chief
of Polioe I will guarantee that there will
not be another riot in Mobile. The instiga
tor of the late riot, or rather the most eon*
spicuous actor in it, is in confinement at Fort
Gaines, and will be tried by a Military Com
mission. Phe civil authorities released him
on bail. Colonel Shepherd, who was pres
ent at the meeting, aavs that Judge Kelley's
speech was dignified nnd patriotic, and fully
acquits him of provoking the disturbance.
t m
It looks as though Maximilian had
about an even chance for being hung
—if he has not been hung already.
That Juarez would gladly save him,
to propitiate this country, if for no
other reason, there is little doubt;
that he did not promise he should
not be hung, probadly finds a solution
in the fact, that so strong is the feel
ing aganst the usurper, it would seri
ously test the hold of juarez on his
countrymen, were he togo counter to
Mexican public opinion and act in
the interest «112 humanity.
£lte American dittectt.
IST The L tnyeat Circulation oj
any I'itfirr in the Count;/.
0. E. ANDERSON. - - -llditor.
WKUNKNItAV, J l \i: (I, IHU7.
Liberty and Union, Now and Forever, One
end 'naeparable."— O. Webater.
Union Republican County Ticket.
[Suhject to District Nomination.]
Our Tleket.
The several gentlemen who have suc
ceeded in obtaining the nomination are the
choice of the people, nnd are therefore un
titled to the unanimous support of the He
publican party, which we have no doubt
they will receive.
James T. M'Junkin, our nominee for
Assembly, is well-known to the citizens of
our county, and the fact of his having se
cured the nomination, is a stronger argument
in his favor, than anything that we could
sav. lie is well qualified for the position
for which he has been nominatei, and will,
undoubtedly, be elected by a handsome ma
Hugh Morrison,of Slippcryrock township,
our candidate for Treasurer, neJtls no com
mendation ot our hands. lie was one of the
bra> e men, who early in the commencement
of tho rebellion, volunteered in defence of
his country as a private soldier, and for bra
very, was in a short time promoted to first
Sergeant, and was severely wounded by a
gun shot pa-»ing entirely through the head,
causing the entire loss of the left eye. Not
withstanding this severe wound, after a
partial recovery from the same, he returned
to the 100 th (Round head) regiment, and
served bis country faithfully until the close
of the war. Ho is competent and well qual
ified to discharge tho duties of Treasurer.
Charles Ilofftnnn, of the borough of Saxs
onburg, our candidate for County Commis
sioner, is a veteran soldier, having served
[ his adopted country in tho Mexican war
under the gallant but now lamented Col. S.
Black, whore he was wounded in the left
hand, causing tho loss of hi* thumb. He
•ulso served in tho late war iu the 78th regi
ment, where lie was promoted to 2d Lieu
tenant, and serveil to the closo of the war.
He is a suitable person for the office, being
an English and German scholar.
Charles M'Clung of Sunburry, our can
didate for Jury Commissioner, is just the
man for the position. Having served one
full term as County Commissioner, he is well
acquainted with the citizens of the county,
and will make an impartial and efficient
J. Calvin Glecn.of Sunbury, our nominee
for county Auditor has. in hisre-nnmination,
received a better recommendation than any
thing we could say in his behalf. He is a
young man of moral worth. He was an
efficient officer, nnd will be, with the rest
of the ticket, triumphantly elected.
The Mobile Iteinovaln.
It is generally understood in official
quarters that tho President has about de
cided to interfere in tho matter of the
made by General Swayne, of
the Mayor, Councils and police of Mo
bile, by revoking the military orders in
t! ose cases, made and provided, and by
res toring the displaced municipsl officials
to their respeolivc positions. He places
his right to do this on the decision of the
Supreme Court iu the Mississippi in
junction cases, wherein it is held that
the duties of the General? commanding
the several Military Districts must neces
sarily be performed under the supervis
ion ol tho President, as Commander-in-
Chief, and that the duty thus imposed
was in no sense ministerial, but was
purely executive and political. The
President assumes that the facts present
ed in General Swayne's report of tho
Mobile riot, in which it is declared that
the disturbance was not preconcerted,
and that the only charge against the police
was that of timidity, are not sufficient to
warrant their removal by the military,
and that the order should be revoked.
The whole question was before the CabN
inet, and the official report of General
Pope, which is the opposite of General
Swayne's report, was awcussed. It is be
lieved, however, that the ord:r restoriug
tho Mobile officers will be issued before
the President leaves for North Carolina.
Cieu. Sherman to fight Indiana.
General Sheruian has gone to take
personal command of the operations
against tho Indians. It is clear that the
General experiences more difficulty with
them than he did with the rebels. He
hesitates to adopt the only effective mode
of warfare, though convinced that little
| will be accomplished until it is done.
A Providential Calculation.
A writer in a New York paper has been
making an estimate of the comparative
strength of political parties in the country,
and what the result of an election would be
in certain contingencies which are not likely
to occur. Giving the Democrats all the un
organised States and Connecticut, tbe Re
publicans would have 220 electoral votes to
99 for the Democrats.
" If New York be given to tbe Democrats,
tbe Republicans would still have in the
electoral college one hundred aud eighty
seven votes, to one hundred and thirty-two
Democrats. If New York and Pennsylva
nia are botti given to the Democrats, this
would make the electoral college stand one
hundred and sixty-one Republicans to one
hundred and fifty-eight Democrats. If Con
necticut, which is given to the Democrats in
tbe list, should go Republican, this would
give the Republicans fifteen of n majority,
with tho loss to them of New York and
Pennsylvania. If tbe Republicans should
lose these States and New Jersey, and gain
Connecticut, they would still have a major
ity in tbe electoral college.
Assuming that the unorganized States
will be sufficiently rehabilitated to vote at
the next Presidential election, tho contest
will be close enough to be interesting, to
say the least.
Juarez and Maximilian.
The New Orleans Picayune is authori
tatively assured that Juarez and his
Ministers ut San Luis I'otosi, write and
talk of the United States and their rep
resentatives, in the politest and blandest
manner possible. They cherish the most
respectful sentiments toward theui, and
would bind closet tbe relations between
the two countries. They get arms from
the United States, aud ammunition, and
supplies of all kinds; and when hard
pushed, as the were last winter, they can
count on what our Texan neighbors call
" armed neutrality." At times they are
perfectly eloquent on the subject of
generosity to prisoners, and all the nobler
attributes of our nature. It is only when
they como to speak of Maximilian and
his Generals that they show passion, and
that not hot. but 0001, when they tell the
United States that t'>ey caunot cousider
them ' simple" prisoners of war in case
they fall into their hands."
Jeff. Davis In Canada W'esl.
Mr. Jefferson Davis intends to reside
at St. Catharines, Canada West. It will
strike some persons as somewhat singular
that he should make this choice, unless
some special reason determines him. If
such a reason exists, it must relate to the
rebellion and his personal fortunes, and
may be summed up by the simple decla
ration that he deems himself better off
thau he would in the United States.
Such caution evinces consciousness of
danger—a knowledge of reasons for ap
prehending something unpleasant. It is
scarcely to be questioned that he kno\vs
the extent of his crime, and his move
ments indicate that he fears justice.
The Washington City Registry.
There has been considerable excite
ment in Washington City over the open
ing of the registration of voters, under
the universal suffrage act. A large
crowd of whites and blacks have throng
ed the City Hall daily, and the struggle
to get registered has been most animated.
A largo police force has succeeded in
maintaining order, although an attempt
was mads to seize the registration books
and destroy them. Tho prompt action
of tho police prevented it, and but five
pages were torn out of one book. T hree
thousand additional voters have been
registered since the books were opened.
The probabilities arc that Maximilian
and all his followers, above the rank of
Lieutenant, taken with hiin, have been
shot. Although our Government has no
such advices, this is the tenor of the uews
by the way of New Orleans, where it was
believed by Minister Campbell and other
well informed persons. The reply to the
note of our Miuister in behalf ol Maxi
| milian, prepares the public for the san
guinary Jinale reported.
Manhood Sullrage.
The Executive Coumittee of the Re
publican Union party of Maryland, in
vite the Republican Union party in Del
aware, West Virgioia. Kentucky, Ten
nessee and Misoouri, to meet the dele
gats* of the Repub'ican party of Mary
land in convention on Thursday, the 12th
day of September, to advance the interest
and cause of manhood suffrage, and to
demand of Congress the passage of tbe
Sumner-Wilson bill.
The Rnm Stonewall.
The Japanese Commissioners have pur
chased the ram Stonewall for four hundred
thousand dollars. She is to be overhauled
and fitted up at their expense. The Com
missioners jyppealed to ihe Government for
the detail of a naval officer to take the vessel
to Japan, and it is understood that Com
mander Brown, lately in charge of naval
ordnance, will be detailed.
Our readers are refer ed to the pro
ceedings of the Republican County Con
vention for particulars in regard to the
aggregate vote cest for each candidate
for nomination to the several offices.
are informed that the statement made some
timo ago, that a law had teen passed b> the
Inst Legislature authorizing tbe recording
of soldiers' discharges, is erroneous. Tbe
bill passed the House, but failed in the Sen
Proeeedlngs of the Convention
The Convention of the Return -Judges
of the primary election of the Republi
cans of Hotter county, met June 3rd,
1867, in Court House, and organized by
calling Dr. Amos Lusk to the chair, and
electing J. A. Mellinger and Austin
Pearce, Secretaries. Delegates present:
Adams township, James Criswcll;
Allegheny •' D. W. Crawfo^dt;
Brady Samuel Taggett;
Buffalo " M. 11. Byerly;
Butler " J. H. M'Quistion;
Concord " John Coulter;
Clearfield " Peter Fennel;
Clay " Andrew Wick;
Con'q'ing " W. P. Hays ;
Clinton " Samuel Anderson;
Cranberry " Robert Duncan ;
Cherry " David Arner ;
Centre " Daniel Fleeger;
Donegal " Solomon Fleeger;
Forward " ffm Dunbar ;
Franklin " 11. D. Thompson ;
Fairview " W. C. Campbell;
Jackson " Austin Pearce ;
Jefferson " 'i honias Martin;
Lancaster" Eli Millison ;
Marion " Joseph Cummins;
Middlesex" Wm. Hays;
Mercer " Wm. Flemming;
Muddyc'k" Wm. Williams ;
Oaklaud " George Shoupe;
Parker •' Z. B Shepherd;
l'enn " 11. M. L'outhett;
Summit " J. A. Millin'ger;
Slip'yrock" Thomas More;
Venango " Samuel Sloan ;
Worth " Robert Barron ;
Winfield " S. D. 11 azlett;
Wash'gt'n" Jesse Gleun ;
Bor. Butler." Johu 11. Negley;
" Zelienople Amos Lusk ;
" Centreville,Charles Prosser ;
" Saxonburg, J. K. Muder;
" Suubnry, Hugh Duffy.
A committee on Resolutions was ap
pointed by the Chairman—John 11, Neg
ley, Chairman ; Joseph Cummins, Win.
Dunbar, Sr, A. AV. Crawford, and W. C.
Campbell,—who reported as follows:
Resolved, 1-t. I but wo congratula'e the
O 'uniry upon the prospects of permanent
peace, secured through the wisdom of Cou
gresß in sternly resisting all a tempts to re
store to power the lebei element oi ttie re
bellious Slates, and in demanding and
requiring that all the faitlilul Union people
thereof should participate in their recon
struction and futuro government.
2d. Resolved, That the wonderful changes
now taking place in our country are among
tho greatest reforms of any age. The prin
ciples of the Declaration of Independence
aio being put into living, practical operation,
proclaiming us a free Republic in fact, with
an army and navy that compel tho respect
of all powers, and a currency ba-e I upon
and owned by tho people themselves, s.ife
and national in its character.
3d. Resolved , That to the policy of the Re
publican party is due the credit of preserv
ing the nation and freeing it from tlie great
wrong of slavery. The peo le owe it their
continued confidence and support, and its
further supremacy is necessary, until all the
just, political and natural rights of man
are fully and firmly secured in all the States.
4th. Resolved, That wo are in favor of
full protection to American industry and
American manufacturers.
sth. Resolved, XliiU experience demands
a reform in our State Legislation, by the
passage of general laws and an enlargement
of tho powers of tho Courts in the creating
and management o corporations and corpo
rate rights. The great amount of private
legislation has grown to bo an alarming
evil, and we therefore favor the passage of
general laws, wherever practicable, inclu
ding a general, genuine railroad law for the
State. And the members of the next (gen
eral Assembly from this District are hereby
instructed to voto fir and carry out the
principles of this resolution.
Oth. Resolved, That Ilenrv E. Wick, Dr.
A. Lusk and John Mitchell be representa
tive conferees, to meet similar conferees
from tho counties of Mcroer and Lawrence.
7th. Resolved, That John M. Thompson,
Esq., he representative delegate to the coin
ing State convention at Williamsport, and
he is hereby instructed to favor the nomi
nation of lion. If. \V. Williams, of Alio
glieny county, as our next candidate for
Supreme Judge.
Bth. Resolved, That the senatorial dele
gate t 'oo Stuto convention, from the dis
trict, i conceded to tho nominee of Arm
strong county, John V. Painter, Esq.
9th. Resolved, That the ticket this day
declared chosen by the peoplo is worthy of
our full support.
10th. Resolved, That the representative
conferoes this d>iy appointed are required to
demand, as an indispensable condition of
our support, from each of the candidates
for Assembly, a written pledge to vute and
labor for the passage of a genuine, general
free rail road law.
On motion, these resolutions were uuan
imously adopted
On motion, the Chairman of tho Con
vention was appointed Chairman of the
County Committee for the ensuing year.
Said Committee to be appointed by him
and to consist of one member from each
election district.
On footing up, it appeared that for
James T. M'Junkra had 010 vote".
Alex. Leslie " 55:2 "
Wm. C. A Jams " 450
Thou as Robinson " 4-0 "
Charles Hoffman had 703 votes
Thos. J4 Vuudyke" 264 "
Matthew Greer " 624 "
Sam'l. Taggert " 189 "
Simon P. Young " 160 "
Hugh Morrison had 817 votes
John Hauey " 746 •'
Thos. B. Whito " 452 "
W. W. Mixwell had 250 votes
J.C.Glenn " 1102 "
Silas Miller " 415 "
George Miller had 740 votes
Chas. McClung 11 081 "
J, A. MELLINGER, } A . .
THERE are 42,247 exhibitors in the
Paris Exposition
—"A new way to pay old debts"—stop
drinking and goto work.
Foilrlh of July. i
The Glorious Fourth was ones the festal
day of the United Status. <iU>ev nations
| celebrate the birthday uf their king*, we t
celebrate the binhda.' of our Nation. The
observance uf it, as sacli, was universal,
spontaneous and enthusiastic. The Old
'thirteen," that signed the Declaratiau and
indorsed it, and in a seven years' war honor- ?
edit, celebrated its anniversaries within- J
telligence, and rej icing acknowledgements. 1
John Adams did not, in his prophetic lau- 1
gunge, strike the tone of the grand nation- '
nl jubilation on too high a key for the pa
triotism of Americans when he predicted the !
annual celebration of the glorious evont J
with prucessions, speeches, the roar of Can
non, the waving of flag 9, and the blazing of 1
But the charm seems to bo brjkcn. The J
old American feeling appear* to hnve de
clined. Elements have been poured into tho 1
stream which have corrupted its limpid c
waters. Among the rising generations born
itn our own free soil, the Declaration is bo- [
coming almost a forgotten document. — '
Among myriads of our population, born in
other lands, its very name and history is un- '
known. It requires formal introduction to ;
elicit patriotic feelings in tho minds of the 1
yonng and the sti angeT. And tho Annivcr- 1
sary is the proper time to give it, A good,
<dd fashioned celebration of "independence '
Day," as it was long and nffectiona'oly and '
grattfully called, would be at tho present c
time a means of arousing and unifying the 1
old American feeling. It would have an :
influence—a strong, and salutary one, we 1
trust—by rejuvennfifcc; the old Revolution- 1
nry traditions whic'i threaten to ehrystaliie '
into antagonistic forms.
Should the Deohuatiun of 'lndependence 1
*go into oblivion to tho brink of which it
seems to be approaching, by common neg- 1
lect. independence itself will not bn long in
following it. In some of the States the l)oc
lnricion was virtually ignored, under the
growing influence of slavery, and the ob- ;
servance of tho anniversary of its publica
tion was suffered togo into neglect. The 1
growth of sectionalism, based on slavery,
met wi'h no oppo-ition from the patriotism
ineulcated bv the honorable traditions of the
country, and hut a generation was
ry to give this pernicious idea 101l possession
of the field. Secc-ion was a nuuiul result
of the rotting of the o'd ties.
We need a succession of lndepon lndepon
denco Anniversaries. to revive tho old asso
ciations between North and Smith, to in-
I vigoratft the love of the old traditions in the
new States of the National family, to arouse
and direct tliq, patriotism of the rising gen
erati' n, and to diffuse our political princi»
pies and tho knowledge of our Revolution
ary history among thevn«t numbers of tho
| people of other climes domiciled in our coun-
I try. — I'itt. Cnmmerci'd.
The Fciding in Klclimoiitl.
The correspondent of the Boston A ilver
liner, writing from Richmond, siiys: "Tlie
rebellion still lives in Richmond, l'ou find
moro sullcnness and hostility and hitter
ness here in three dfys thtm in Charleston
in a month. There are five daily newspa
pers—three ol them ovortlow witli gall anil
venom. In so far as they dare, 'hey speak
yet of the Noitfc and of everything north
ern in just the style of the Inst yoar of the
war, putting as many ol the barbs and stings
as'possiblo into every paragraph. Tho-c
three papers reflect the feeling of three
fourths of the white", I judgo There is no
sort of toleration for anything that savors
of republicanism in politics. The old hat
red of the North is perpetuated as a m tter
of religious duty. Pictures of the confed
erate flag are displayed snd s .Id everywhere,
and at the shrine of this emblem the fon 1
of the city bows morning and evening ,
devotodly mid reverently as it di-i in 1801
or 1862.
" 111-■ welcome accorded to Jefferson Pa
vis on Sunday and Monday last showed how
the situation is accepted. Tho people re- j
ceived him on Saturday evening in silence,
with burtd heads and tho voiceless sympa
thy of an adoring crowd ; tl.ey were not
quite oertain what measure of demonstra
tion would be allowed by the military. The
cheer that went up when ho wasreleasod on
Monday told the story of the city's heart ;
it was jubilant and defiant. Tho passage
from the court room to tho hotel was like
the way of a conqueror. His parlois wore
crowded all the afternoon with men and wo
men, who scarcely took pains to conceal in
the least their hostility to tho Union. The
ovation given Davis was, for intensity and
heartiness, such as Boston, perhaps, never
gave anybody or any cause "
A. K. Long, in hit testimony before tl.e
Judiciary committee,on Manday week, tes
tified that the notorious Mrs. Cobb wan in.
t"rcsted in obtaing, in all, three pardons;
that in those she was unknown to the Pres
ident, whom she did not moet. fho peti
tions were prepared in regular form by oth
ers, and Mrs. (Jobh assisted in obtaining the
par lons through third parties. Col long
was also examined about the interview be
tween Mr. Johnson and detective Baker, of
which the lattor has published an account.
Tho testimony shows that there were three
' prsons present when the President ordered
Biker out of tho White House, and they
give a very different account from that of
Mr. Bukei- of what transpired. Mr. Long
says that President Johnson, learning that
Bilker had placed detectives in the White
House, sent for him immediately. Upon 'he
latter coining into the President's oltictv Mr.
Johnson said. " Who authorized you to
place detectives in this house? ' Baker re
plied he did it by order of Secretary St n
ton. Mr. Johnson then said, " Remuvo
youi detectives and never h't me see them
or yourself here aga-n. When I require
your services I'll send for you." and as Ba
ker retired the Presideo* added. " Now go
to Mr. Stanton and tell him when I want
yon I will send for you." Mr. Johnson,
during this lime, never moved from his po
siti >II «t his table, nnd Biker's story about
the President's violent manner and sh iking
his fist under the detective's nose, is declar
ed false.
ScHoot, DIRECTORS. —There appears to be
a general negligence on the part of School-
Directors to publish the account of the re
ceipts and expenditures of their respective
Districts, as required bv the act of Assem
bly. Tho State Superintendent of Common
Schisils states that this section of ihe law is
as obligatory upon the Board of Direct' rs
as is the section requiring them to keep
open schools, and a neglect to perform this
duty according to the law will subject Di
t rectors to removal by *he courts, the same
as the neglect of any other duty.
—Jefferson Davis is enjoying tbo compa
i ny of Mason and Slidell in Canada. The
trio are hovering on tho borders of tho land
they vainly nttempted to ruin, and were
seen at Prescott on Wednesday, on I heir
way to St. Catharine's and thence to Toron*
to. Tho Canadians lionize them tremens
1 dously.
FRANK COWAJJ, son of ex.Senator
' Cowan, has been appointed spjeV SJecra -
ary of the President.
(oiillsuntion.—Letter from th«'
llou. TliuddeiiH Steven*.
The Ilun. Thaddeas Stevens has wntun 1
the following letter in vindication of hi#'
proposed policy of sonfisoation:
LANCASTER, l'a., May 20th.
DEAR SIR : Short as your letter is, I feel 112
oannot answer it without violating an in-r
junction of my medical advisers - not to be
come excited. You live in a section that
was two or three times invaded by the ar
mies of Jeff. Davis. In the counties of Rod
ford, Fulton, Franklin, Cumberland, Adams
and York, they visited almftst every firmer
and other inhabitant, plundered them of
their hursts, cattle, provisions and money,
when found, besides, in eooie detached cas
ses; they laid in dshes one thriving villago
of FIX thousand people, and turned the in
habitants houseless into tho streets to seek
•heller in fenco corners. No provison has
ever been made or is making to reimburse
the plundored citizens. By the law of na
tions A government makes no compensation
for damages done by an invading army, on
less such government be victorious, when it
always provides by treaty for piwmeiit. A
government which'neglects to make provis
ion on behalf ol its plundered citizens is
negligent of its duty.
A quasi peace exists between the late bel»
liberent States, the terms of which are con
troled by Congress, which is under control
of the republican party. Nothing but the
proceeds of tho confiscation of a small por
tion of the property of the wealthy can ho
applied to pay the damages inflicted by tho
marauder*,unless it be paid out of the Treas
ury of the United States. A few Republi
can voters, always erratic in their course,
arc Hitting through and exploding in the
Republican atmosphere. They attract suf ■
ticient public attention to enable them to
ns-urt tho amiable rebels who inflicted this
injury, that they need fear no confiscation;
that nobody of any note in tho North is in
favor of it. opposing such punishment for
tho sake of remuneration or justice. They
as-uro them nothing shall bo taken from
Aikens and Tate, or Hampton, Davits, Orr.
Faulkner, or from a thousand others who
aro still worth their hundreds of thousands,
to reimburse iovnl men North and South
who wire plundered of their estates, and
aid yonr p >or neighbors to rebuild their
humble tenements.
It is scarcely to be endured that Congress
for two ses-ions should sit indifferently to
these influences, and take no steps to en
firco these rigli s. Theso remarks apply
to largo porlii ns of Marvin d. West Vir
ginia, Ohio, Indiana and Missouri, as well
as the slave Status, lie who cm patiently
listen to that patent humility which is
propagated, has more command of him
self than I have. Indcl, it looks as if
we were still to add to tho burden of our
taxation to defray tho expoi scs of trans
portation of triumphant traitors; but I
must slop, or I shiill omniriit the fault
again-1 which I hnve been warned.
W .tli great respcit, your obed'C serv't.
TIIE Room DUKV is published. It is
simply a defense of bis actimf. Ho say,
under date of Apiil 13th and 1 -Itli: "Until
today nothing was over thought of sacri
ficing ti our coun ry's wrong. For six
mouths wo had worked to capture, but our
onuse being almost lost, something decisive
an 1 great must be done. But its failing was
owing to others, who did not strike for their
country with a heart. I struck boldly, and
not as the papers say. I walk»d with alirtn
step through a thousand of his friends, and
WHS stopped, hot pushed on. A C ilom lwHs
at his side, i shouted, 'Sic Semp heforo
I fired. In jumping I broke my I passed
all his pickets, and role sixty miles that
night with the bono of my log lasccrating
the llesh at every jump. I can never re
pent i', though we hated to kill. Our
country owed all her troubles to hint, and
Clod simply mads me the instrument of his
punishment. This country is not, in April
1805, what it was. foiced Union is
not what I have loved. I have no desire t •
outlive my country. This night, before the
deed, I wrote a long article arid left it for
one of the ed tors of the National Intelligen
cer, in which I set fully forth our reasons for
our proceeding*."
Decline in Flonr.
Just at prosont theie is a panic in the lead
ing markets among flour dealers. The arti-. .
cle has declined two dollars a barrel. —(wo
don't iLtimntc anything of the kind of Pitts
burgh,) within tho lust ten days, and the
price is still going down. Tho speculative
bubble which sent flour up in the neighbor
hood of twenty dollars a barrel, has thor
oughly exploded, and few rcgiets theie wilj
bo fur tho victims.
Tnr. Republicans of Beaver county, on
Monday, placed in nomination tho 112 llowing
excellent ticket: For Assembly, Thomas
Nicholson ; Pr.ilhonotnry, John Caughey;
Treasurer, (.'apt. E. Barnes; Commissioner,
Wui. Kwtng; Associa'o Judge, Hon. M„
Lawrence. Resolutions in fav >r of Oen.
W. W, Irwin.* 112 r Sta'e Treasurer, and in
Ti'or ■1 a Ire - railr ad law were piis-ed.—
Hon. M S Quay and Col. J. \> ayai d wero
el. c'e dolega es to the State convention,
with instructions to v to f'-r Hon, 11. W.
Williams,of Pittsburgh, 112 r Supremo Judge,
mid after him for Hon. .ioon J. Pearson.
The Treasury Department learns that tho
notes of nine National Banks, which have
failed, are at a premium, offered by such Na
tional Banks as have been established with
out circulation. The latter banks desire to
use these notes as circulating mediums.
A movoment has been initiated for aho',
ishing privateering in time of war. Kx»
ceilcnt ! Let the plun embrace all kinds of
Stealing, on sea and land, in war and peace,
official aud private. Let privateering in
war, and peculation in office be nbolished by
all means. Particular attention is solicited
to the department of legislative privateer-,
A petition from the citizens of Lousiano
ha; resulted in the countermanding of Gen.
Sheridan's order by the President removing
the State Board of Conrtnissioners. Tho
old Board will therefore proceed with their
surveys and repairs.
TUB CROHS. —The cross of Christ is the
1 Christian's glory. The offence which tho
' world takes at him is a proof that ho hsa
t taken up the cross of Christ and is following
• Him. This no man can do faithfully but
lie must give offence. Settle this well in
your mind ; sit down and count the cost,
Are von willing (o be Christ's glory and tho
wor d's scorn? Do you expect alt from
Croat? Then give up all for the cross.
—Why is D liko a drunkard's life?
Ani.—Beaucc it ends bad-

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