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•Select fMrj. A DREAM OF SUMMER. c Bf JOUW a• WWT.TU&. Maii(T nn the morning breath of June, ntfiwent breeze* |>l*y I And. through Jlfl h.ize, the winter noon Seem* warm a* summer's day The nngel of the Worth HUM dropped hhi icy apaar : Again Ihe lyomv earth look*/orth. Again the atreamn gush clear. Tha fox.hi* hill-side cell forsaken, The munkrat leaves his nook, The bluebird in the meadow brakes lW*inging #ith *he hr^ok. "Wear'np, O, pother Nature !" ery Bird, hreete. and atrenmlet free, 4 1 flu r winter voice* propheey Of euuimer day* to thee."' go, in those winter* of the •>«!, By the hitter bl;wt« and drear. O'tfiwept from i#Mnorjr'» froxen pole, Will sunny days appfeftr. Itevlring Kopeand- Faith, they show Th« uo»l jt« living powera, And how beneath the winter's enow' Lie'germs of i&mtaer flowers. The Ni*ht is Mother of the Day, 'J'lie Winter of tho Spring, And ever upon old Decay The greenest moeeee cling. Behind the cloud the skyiight lurks, Through showers the sunbeam* fail; For (ftd, who loveth al! UN works, Has ten Ids Hope w4th all. THE SURRA.Tr CASE. A Peep Behind the Curtain. The trial of John 11. Suratt is expected to commence in Washington City soon. Latterly, it is said, much important tes- i timony has been obtained, which will shed much light not only on the ques tion of his gu It, but on the history of the assassination of Sir. Lincoln. Wri ting on this subject, the correspondent of tlie New York Iferahl takes the fol lowing PEEP HKHIND THE CURTAIN. The Contemplated trial of Surratt attracts a considerable share of public uttontion, and the interest therein is be coming more and more profound, as the day appointed tor the event approaches. But'tiiis intero t is not of the character which murder trials and trials involving human life usually and naturally awaken; nor doos it arise out of partisanship caused by hostility on the one hand and sympathy on the ot her toward tho accused, fo» the late enemies of the Union and ot Lincoln, not less than their friends despise and detest Surratt for his cow ardly and matneidalcon luct in abandon ing his mother, an I would not regret to see the severest punishment that eoul i be devised inflicted upon him. liut the interest chiefly arises and lies in the facts, which are being gradually developed and understood, that the aim of those who are managing the prosecution is not to con« vict Surratt with a view of causing him to expatiate his crime on the gallows, but in order that they may. after his convic- j tion, by offering him immunity, which can be secured by an act of Congress, ■ il,tain from him disclosures and tacts implicating Jetf Davis in the assassina tion, which it is confidently believed the abject coward fcive to save Inff lite, (in the other hand, tnc couir&l'Mf Wtiiutr are not dofendiru him simply tor their fees, or Iroui a de sire to secure his eequittul on his account I alone, hut rather to protect mid save ■cfcrtiiin maris distinguished friends and clients **hu stand in the tiaek ground, whom t'hey apprehend The cowardly Sur ratt Would, it convicted, to save himself, ctpnse. So, at least, assort the H diculs ■who lire managing ihe prosecution. I hW»e heard il from tho lips of more than one of them >*t distinguished ot their number, and I inn certain that whether they ate correct or not, they firmly be lieve in the truth of the as-ertion. Nor does the assertion, »emai kable as it is, appear tn be without some foundation. It iff well known to a few. including your correspondent, that overtures have been made to Surratt to the effe"t th it if he Would disclose tho names of all who par tieipited in the assassination conspiracy, and the part t«k n by each, which it is believed would implicate Mr Davis, a tin/ pros, would lie euter d iu Ins caso. and an act passed by Congress relieving him fiom all legal responsibility on ac count of his participation in tho atrocious crime. These overtures, it is further known, were made through Father Wal ters, the Catholic priest who attends Surratt, and Miss Surratt, who daily Visits her brother in his ce'l. How the proposal wan received when prcscuted by Father Walters, or what advice, if any, was given by his reverence, is not posi tively kuown, their interviews being eutirely private ; but from the conver sations of SurrStr with ht#" sister, which always tsfke place iu presence of one of the keepers of tho jail, and, although conducted in an undertone, can, in tho main, be overheard, it is clear, upon the information of one of said keepers, a very intelligent and reliable man, that the culprit is by uo means confident of an acquittal, and is disposed to listen to any propositions, the acceptance whereof can save him from a felon's doom. On the 28th ultimo, the day after Sur ratt was brouguht to Court for trial, he was visited by bis sister, who found him m a dejected and lachrymose condition, and to whom he complained, as he also did later in the day, to Dr. Duhamel. 'Prison physician, of ill. His sis ■t£r observed to him that he should not al low so trifling a delay (referring to the AMERICAN CITIZEN. " Let us have Faith that Right makes Might; and in that Faith let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it"— A - Lincoln!' postponement of his trial) to affect him i) ssrely, especially as the prosecution, in not being ready,' had betrayed the weakn -us of their case Surratt replied that it was not the de ay ho cared ub out, but that he did not like the aopearanee of affairs at Court, that be feared his counsel were uo: in reality so confident a- they would have him bilieve, and that instead of seeintr in the failure of the Government to be ready a of weak - uess, he regarded it as an indication ot careful preparation, and a determination to move heaven and earth to secure Ids conviction. Miss Surratt responded that if lie believed that bis counsel were de ceiving liliu and feeding uiui on ..ti e hopes, it >V|>- not ton late tor |iiiu to UM bfate the 'pportunify that ha I beeh ot- i lered (o -avc hinrvdf, and rh it she Woit'; t ' il lie desired. go at once to (ji-nerai A-h I ley or General Uutldi Surratt uervousiy [ rejoiui d, " No, il l —not now ! an ' al teram intent's, pause continue J, '• 1 kn >w not what to do; but you know, Annie you kn iw very wel that neither of mj counsel Would, if tliey knew I would lie convicted, give me any less encourage- | ment than they now do. Some of my 1 pietended friends don't care a cent what becomes of me so they can chain my tongue." Before the interview closed Surratt directed his filter to see Father Walters at once and request him to call as soon as possible ; and during the its ternoon of the s;rue day 'lie m sen ile uia:i wis visited alike by his togii, ill 1- ical ant spiiituil advisers. but it is •|< 11 < u manifest that neither the jbrisfcs of thj lawyers, the nostrums of the doctor n.»r the prayers of the priest hive re<t ir.'d his confidence, strengthened his nerves, or inspired him with resignation Aru inor has been expensively circulate 1 that Surratt never will be triad, and a few days ago Mr. Merrick, one of the counsel fer the accused, mile in open Court a remark which is bona lentty Cited—>y those " wli ise wish is father to the thought"—in contirm iti >ll ot' the report •Mr. Merrick it appears w is requested by a brother lawyer to fix the time ot trial of a certain cause in the Circuit Court, when he suggested a day three weeks distant. Being reminded by his learned friend that he would then probably be engaged in the defense of Surratt, Mr. Merrick replied that he would not, as the trial of Surratt would never take place Hut I can assure tho public—and my sources of information cannot be surpass ed—that the trial of Surratt will ta'i o place, the boast of Mr. Merrick to tho contrary notwithstanding. And 1 will venture to ussure tho public further/since it is the belief of all gentlemen here "posted" in the case, that remark of Mr. M°rrick ws not intended so much for the edification of his 1 earers, as to revive the waning hopes of his pusllanimous client, whom the learned c mnsel his reason to apprehend is inclined to "squeal" in pr der to save his neck. Met rick is a soutld philosopher, as well as a shrewd lawyer, and he knew the report of his remark through the newspapers, which Surratt peruses daily, made in his casual but c<m fideut wanner, would be better calculated by a thousand times to infuse hope and courage in his t.mid and di spairing client than anything he could possibly say t i him in private, when his purpose would be understood. Surratt must not be pers mitted to expose his patrons and accom plices, whoever they may be, and the on ly way of preventing him is to keep hiiu assured that he is not in danger, and will be acquitted. If lie stands trial, as of course lie will, and is convicted. Ins Iriends " believe that no further induce nsents will be offered him to make dis closures.and they console themselves with the idea that should such inducements i perchance bo offered any revelations j which he might make, for the eviueut | purpose of saving his life, would be dis cie lited Should he be acquitted tl ey have nothing to tear, as his inordinate | vanity and wonld impel him to -wit-rxnr about w.tli copperhead couipan ions, boasting and glorifying luui-ell us the head and fiont of the diabolical eou> spiracy. Hut lam permitted to say to tlie public that IU the event of Surratt's couviction, inducements will be held out. to him, or rather that the privilege w II be allowed hiiu, to divulge tho names of his co conspirators; and if among tli ui shall appear the names of any ot the d s tinguished personages suspected, and he can furnish or re'er to even prima fm i' j evidence of the truth and correctness of the disclosure, his life will !A spared to the end that his exalted, and if possible, more criminal accomplices may be bro't to justice. Some ot the witnesses ou ac count of whose.absence the trial was post poied last wc>k. have arrived, and sev oral uew witnesses whose testimony will be of great import nice have tieert found. On the whole it is safe to predict that the accused if guilty cannot escape. —The question of removing General Sheridan is engaging the attention of the President and his advisers. We judge there is at least a probability of his being removed. He stands up so squarely for everything and everybody loyal and true, and has such a habit of demolishing ev erything and everybody not true and loyal, that he has become unpopular with Mr. Johnson, as lie was with Eearly in the valley of tlie Shenandoah. The country is quite ready for the President's decision. —The Kncampmeut et the Grand Ar my of the liepublic, at Hartford, Couu.. have adopted a resolution condemning the release of Jefferson Davis, aud de manding that he shall be tried for trea son. This is in perfect accord with the sentiment not only of the soldiers, but of the loyal publio geuerally; and the erys talizatiou of it is one of the natural re sults oi the bailing ot Davis. BUTXiEft; HI,'TLKK COUNTY, PENN'A, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 180). The Indian War. Murder* ami I)epre«la(loiw. APPALLING LIST. OjDrßF.a's KANCUE. COI~, May 31, '67. We have arrived at Godfrey's Kauche, 140 miles cast of Denver, thus far safe nnd sound. So much has been recoun ted of Indian doings that we absolutely shudder u our close proximity to them. For the editica:iuu ot your readers we give you a list of the various murders and depredations lately committed by the Indians. On the l!hh instant, two men named Win (iuler uml .Martin Kannou were killed and sculped twelve miles from i ott tiwo id Springs. At the same time uity head of horses and fifty head of mules were stampeded by Indiana, who were camped in the canons in the neigh hor hood of Fort Mel'herson, in open defiance of Ihe troops. On the 23d instant, John West, form erly an employee of Wells, Fargo & Co s line, John Peterson, a native of Switzerland, and an Unknown hunter,af ter a desperate fight, were killed near a station cit 1 «'i Big Lirauiie, situated six miles from Fort Saunders, Colorado.— The Indians on this raid captured one hundred and fifty head ot cattle, but a party of ranchmen, well armed, started in pursuit and succeeded iu retaking one hundred head. The citizens chased them about twenty miles aud were several times nearly within rifle r tngi . After a two hours' chase tho ranchmen retraced their steps, while tho Indians, tventy fivo in number,started for a lonely rauclie further west. On the 24th install*., a mounted cour« ier rode to Fort Sed wick and informed (Jen. Hunt, the commander, that nine teen Indians had made a raid on a white man's camp in a ravine uear Pole creek and bad killed and scalped three men.—- Captain Mix and bis cavalry were in close pursuit. The Captain did not sec auy. The same day the same party of Indians rnnde a raid on lliclette's ranch and ran off four steers and four horses On the 26th, nine miles above Sales burg. Serjeant Mulligan, of the squad of men detailed from the SOtl! infantry, to' protect the i»raderf> <>n the Union Pacific Hailroad, and two citizecs, one of whom was named Wade, were killed uine miles above Sa esburg, and were most inla« raously and horribly mutilated The bodies were recovered and decently buri ed with appropriate ceremonies. On the same day General Potter states that eigh'een Indians rode up to within fifty varils.of a corral near which was stationed a detaeh.ueut of infantry, and ran oil three mules, manifesting the great est contempt for the soldiers by exhibit in;; their breech clouts. On the 20tb, twenty one head ofsto'ik were run off opposite Heauvais ranch, or old California crossing. Some soldiers were near who fired on them. The fire was returnedjseveral soidifers were slight ly wounded, anl one mortally. From Mr Henry Carlrdc, a gentle- Dinn of undoubted veracity, we have the following : "On the 20th I had seme men cutting ties lor the railroad at Cheyenne Pass. Some time in the day thev were attack ed by a small pir y of Indians. Two of tlie men were killed, but 1 could not loam their uhiues." It is sup nose I by some that there were three, but it is only by the greatest diffi cully acuratc inform ation can be procnr cd Those interested in the I'latt Val ley llai'road, contractors and superinten oeiits, will use .th.ei.l unjust to prevent details from beiug given to the public. Had we remained .satisfied with what ti dings we of the war at Omaha, we could hav : given the public nothing but vague, unsatisfa t iry reports. Noth iu_' was definitely stated. "They say they had u slight brush with the Injins, but there is no roliau' is in t .ene kind of re ports, you know ; perhaps two or tnree have been wounded; only this, and noth iug more." A correspondent, to be able to give re liable news, must be in the field, must witness what he is to record, that he may have something tangible to report, lie must a Ist) be disinterested, that he may give facts us they actually occurred. Such has becu our case; we went to the field for that special purpo-e. We have de scribed what we have seen unbiased by any consideration. The raucncs that still stand at inter vals of tcu or twelve miiesare barricaded after the most approved uianuerout West in tho Indian country. Each ranche has its little arsenal and ready at any mo mem tor use. The place from where I indict this letter is a fair sample of bar ricaded abodes. It is owned by an old settler uarned llallen Godfrey, a grim | old chap, determined and obstinate.— (Xiiero arc five graves near his ranche.— The head boards bear the simple epitaph '•Killed by Indians." For each of these men killed, five ludiaus have bit the.dust —sent to their account by the deadly rifle of l, Old Godfrey." " Old Wicked," | as he is termed by the ludiaus, is not much troubled by the Cheyeunes and Sioux now-a days. His very name is a source of terror. In his raucbe are about twenty rifles, always loaded All pas seligers to Denvor mu3t per force stop at Godfrey's for supper. This supper is a square meal, a perfect one, and like other meals on the plains, it costs 51.50. Sev eral Indians passed and repassed within a respoctable distance of this the tot week. Depredations hive been cam mitted in the vicinity, but Godfrey's rauche will be undisturbed. The Inuians are and everywhere. Oar cavalry might as well pursue that phantom ship called the " Flying Dutch man" us pursue the übiquitous hawks of the prairio. The red wen of the Wast are unincumbered. They have n<> wig* warns —no Camp equipage tp carry with them. For the severe lons entailed upon them by the destruction of their villages they will make up by pouncing upuu the treuibliug emigrant aud the trader's train. The Indian will himself' until full, and when fhat time comes, i. e.j when emigrants twase to eHMs the plains, they will fall off. like the surgeon's bloody leech. THE WAY TO rIUUT INDIANS. The only way to light ludiaus, at least the Sioux and Cheyeuues, is to permit live hundred prairie settler-—men who have lived on the plains from boyhood— met) who are t-killed in all the devious ways of the savage, togo after them.— Tl esc men can readily be found in the States of Kansas. Nebraska, and that, portion of ?he Territory ol Colorado that juts out on the plains, eastward of the llocky mountains. For their services, the captured poliies and other trophies will prove sufficient recompense. Lot the Government tut proclaim that for the sake of economy, aud a speedy solution of the Indian question, it is willing that Western volunteers shtrald engige in the task, nnd i thousand - ould ieap into the saddle without drum or sounding cavalry bugle. Their incentive to the self iius ;>osed task would be the wailiug,of West ern mothers for their first born ; strong, bearded men mourning for their sons; brothers sighing for outraged sisters, lin gering in servile bondage in the wigwams ot their vile captors. No tnaudling seu-i timentality, we opine, would find room in their bosoms. Everything would be lor gotten, unheard, save the furious cry for revenge! When these men have chas tised the Indians alter their own fashion, let Eastern missionaries mingle with the subdued and conquered tribes, and cum plete the good work. If any Indians were left alter the swords of the destroy ing avengers, the missionaries would, doubtless, find eager listeners to the (Jospcl, and the Christian shepherds wil ling flocks. The <2ospel would be as a balm of <1 ilead to the stricken ones, and the nomadic sons of ishtna.il would be come civilized citizens of the great re public KLMM R IN I'LATTE VALLEIf —DOUGLAS KANCIIE. Summer on !he plains—a drizzling, slushy, moist snow. A fierce norwester is blowing, sending a chilly sensation through all humanity. Nearly the fi'st of Juue, and in these cold arctic regions, a human being remaining one hour out doors, without auy cxwcisu, would freeze to death, Cbuvnting country I Should exeurtionists wish to remove themselves from the sweltering heat of summer, in St. Louis, they can enjoy sleighing by going to Omaha in the middle of Hum mer. Were we suffering the fierce tor ments of the unmentionable regions, we should never wish to exchange for Omaha s,nd the I'latta Valley. If it is so ex tremely cold in summer, what sort of a country is it in midwinter? Great Jupi tor Olyuipua ! it must bo worse than Iceland, CIIIVINUTON, OF SAND CRKEK. This Wastern Giant, who has achieved such an unenviable rcputatiou in New England, and such au enviable nam throughout the West, We encountered in onr travel" in the Indian country. He is a giant in name, as well as a perfect Goliali in stature. He is a puiidcruus, muscular being, straight as an arrow, graceful as an A ppo'lo, majestic as a king, dignified as a judge. Ho stands six feet four inches in his moccasins, and weighs two hundred and forty pounds. High, sublime forehead, dark hair, spar-ely scattered over his head and slightly silvered, black, brilliant eyes, a full, magisterial, eairle face, prominent uose, a man of great force and dignity, commanding in appearance, and calcu luted to str.k.i the «rdiu«ry man with admiration His upjwnrau*>- has more of the judge than the executioner; a gentleman than the ruffian We could never have believed that he was the author of the sanguinary affair at Sand creek as we saw it delineated. There uiu.st have been au upright motive, a stronger controlling power thau the peo ple of tho East were aware of, to urge him to utter the command to his soldiers thatbealed the doom of the hapless beings at Saud creek. lie is now about fifty five years old ; was formerly a Methodist minister, and preached for the space of two years in Omaha. GENERAL AUGL'R's INDIAN EXPEDITION. Major General C. C. Augur has at last succiut orders from General Sherman. He started lor the Plains last eveuing, although it was rnported he had gone sooner, which was u mistake He goes direet to Fort Sedgwick, and about the 15th of Juue will start from thence to Laramie. From Fort Laramie the whole expedition, which will be composed of about 1,800 infantry, 800 cavalry, and 250 Pawnee scouts, will goto Fort Phil. Kearney; thence to Foil iteno, Moutaua, and the headwaters of the Yellowstone, attacking hostile tribes wherever fouud, and destroying their Villages and prop erty when surprised. In laot, all indi cations are for a vigorous campaign. He has ordered quartermasters supplies suf ficient for three months, aud means to haul them.— St- Louis Democrat. ■' ->-W« never love truly but once. It is the first time. Succeeding passions are less involuntary. —lt costs women little to say what they do not feel} it costs men yet less to I say what they do feel. THE LITTLE CHEAT. She Mill she luved mo dearly, A a J pave me Mates sweet. But eooti 1 dirt dlsrnTtT She wu a darling cheat. For though her form wai buxom, With a. *: .dujjtuuin tone. It t«rned out, on infection, Hor charms wire not her own. I pressed her to my bosom— She g*re a littlu »tart; I her tetOifc, but Cotildn't feel The b«atmf of her heart. I reached my hand, with stxldrn clasp: My breast with grief wad full; What in creation did I claepf A lot of cotton wool I BORDER STATE CONVENTION. The President of the late Republican State Convention (Md.) has complied with the instructions of that hod)- hy is suing a call for a llorder State Conven tion to assemble in Baltimore, Maryland, on the 12th day of September next. The States invited to send delegates and par ticipate in the proeeedings of that body, are Maryland. Delaware and Kentucky. In the selection ol these delegates it iB distinctly announced that no distinction is to be made on account of race or color. Upon lirst view this Couvontion may Deem to po«oss but little importance, but upon a close examination of the subject it will be seen that, if entered upon with the proper spirit by the earnest uud fear less Kopublicans of the border States, it will result in iho adoption of measures that will prove'of incalculable service to the cause of Republican liberty. The tirst great object to be attained is, a thor ough and complete organisation of those States which occupy an abnormal polit ical position, hy being placed geograph ically between two sections ot the ooun try which have hitherto been bitterly hos tile in sentiment. Under the present condition of publi • affairs, Maryland is destined to remain what she has been in the past —a more cypher in the political world, unless we choose to have it other wise. Hy holding a Border State Con vention in Baltimore at the time proposed we can go far toward correcting this evil. Auotlier important feature of the Con vention will be to memorialize Congress upon the subject of establishing univer sal manhood suffrage throughout all the States, by a joint resolution of the Na tional Legislature. Thai Cougress has uot only the power, but that it it its man ifest duty, to afford full aud eompletc pro tection to oaoh and every citizen of the United States, in all the enjoymeuts ol life, liberty and property, we have never entertained the slightest doubt. To ar gue that any man can protect himself in cither of these important particulars, without the exercise of the elective fran chise, is to deny a proposition which is proved by illustration almost every day. The disfranchisement of one-forth of out voting population is in direct violation oj the Federal Constitution, and is an evil which the law-making and law-reg ulating power should correct without de lay. The work of emancipation was a national act, and we do not concede that it will ever be complete uutil the ballot is placed in the bauds of every colored mau in the country. The exhibitions of lebel bravado, aud of hatred toward the men who rescued the Government in the hour ol petil, which are displayed by the cmociacy now assembled at Annapolis, is abuudant evidence of the necessity of cailiug every loyal man to the ballot box. We deny the right of a political party of thin or any other State to ignore the po litical rights of any portion of oar loyal and law-abiding citizens, and we charac tcrize it as an open and direct violati >u of that clause of the Constitution of the United States which makes it the duty of Congress to secure to every State a Re publican form of government. We earn estly hope the Republicans of Maryland will sec the propriety and necessity of moving in this matter with enjriry and determinaton. The time for the meet ing of the Convention is yet somewhat distant, and thus ample opportunity is af forded to make it a decided success both in spirit and number The principles of the Republican party have already taken deep root inall the States that were lately engaged in the rebellion, and it needs but the honest effurt of her true men to redeem Maryland and place her side by side with her sister Republican States. That the Assembling of a Border State Co on vention, oomposed of representatives of the States named within the call, and of men who are known to be uncondition ally in favor of human rights, will be productive of' much good there can be scarcely a doubt. This proposed Con vention will bo the largest representative body that has ever assembled in the Uni ted States which is distinctly based upon the ground of .universal rights, and we trust that proper efforts will be made to njake it worthy the cause of human free dom.—Frederick [ Md. ] Rrjivblican. ARRAIGNING CONGRESS. One of the allegations of the New York Timet sgalnst Congress is that it had no authority " to pass a law excluding cer tain States from representation until they pass laws or adopt constitutions such as Congress may prescribe." It is also im> putcd to Congress asia fault, that it placed military governments ever, or in place of civil governments in the Southern States. IJoth these are declared to be totally unauthorized by anything in the United States Constitution, and in consequence of them Congress is declared to be guilty of a breach of duty, oppressive and dangerous. In this respect, and to the extent of reiterating this charge, the Times takes precisely the position of the Democratic press generally. It it har monized as well with it in other respects, wo should not distinguish it; by name, but let it go " to the bad" together with the rest. As the Timet, howevor, shows a disposition to act with the Republican paity in preference to any other, since the early decease of its own first-born, conservatism, we feel inclined to exatnino the soundness of its position where it differs from our own. That Congress had no authority to exclude States from representation, till they should pass laws or adopt constitu- j lions, such as it might prescribe, is per fectly true, in the normal and healthy conditiort of affairs. But the relation having been criminally severed and the representation of the Statcß baring been repudiated, by them*eli>es, and a long and destructive war having ben waged and prosecuted by them against the Union and the States adhering to it, nothing, it seems to us, could be moro absurd than the proposition that they, after being overcome by power, should bo allowed quietly to rcsunii their old relations and to enjoy their former representation in the Union Government, without protm ise, condition or guarantee for their future fidelity, If there could be an equivoca' way lor the loyal and bravo defenders of the Union to say, excuse us, dear seces sionists, we have erred in handling you so rou' lily ; we should not have sacri ficed throe hundred thousand lives in opposing your littlo whim of secession, it is -aid by admitting that after filling the country with war and spreading desola tii n over a large part of it, and sorrow over the whole, the guilty conspirators and supporters ofMi*» rebellion shall, on their reluctant submission, revert at once to their formir position in tlio Union. Hut the fal.«e position of the Time* is demonstrable in another way. The wrong attributed to Congress in demand ing conditions for (ho restoration of"the States, must bo intrinsic to (he case, if it bo a wrong at all. Hut so far from this is the fact, that (ho Jaws p sied aud the constitutions adopted by every State received into the Union are submitted not merely to the inspection of Congress, but. to its judgment as the basis on which the State shall be admitted or rejected. The same principle is iuvolved in tho case of the seceded States, and its app!i» cation is amended by much weightier considerations. In the application of a new State, there is not necessarily tho least presumption against the spirit or purposes of the people. Still their cons stitution is required to be approved by Congress. But in tho Southern Statos, the most inveterate hostility to tho Union has been exhibited, and actual aud for midable war has been carried on by them for four years. Their relations to the Union and thoir representation in it Imve been suspended for that length of time by their own will. And now, in the process of restoration - to their former con dition. their laws and constitutions are properly subject to the judgment ot the Union Government —even more than if tbey were new States, first seeking ad mission. By a similar train of reasoning it is easy to show the propriety of extending military government over the Southern States. The ground taken against it by the* Times is precisely the same that was taken by James Buchanan, and held by the so-called peace Democrats during the war, to wit: that the Constitution does not provide for the coercion of States into the Union, or for tho exercise of power to prevent their going out. The super ceding of civil by military agencies in carrying on government is not, it is per fectly true, authorized by the Constitu tion in the normal and.healthy condition of public affairs. But thu is not the con dition of publio affairs in the Southern States. And therefore this rule does not apply. Another one, however, is found in the Constitution that requires the sup pression of insurrection and rebellion, and the maintenance of iaWyand order. The necessity for military force iu order to meet these ends is a sufficient justifi cation of its use, and ai-ufficient authority fur calling it into requisition. But as the reasoning is the same as that wh ch relates to the supervision, by Congress, of their luw3 and constitutions, we for bear to prosecute it. That the Democratic press, blinded by chronic prejudice, should take a stand against the Congress of the United States having anything to say about terms conditions aud guariuiieeit in the resump tion of their prior relations to the Union, by tho State* lately in rebellion, occa*ious no surprise, since they have beeu the firm abettors of the rebellion in its active state. Bul'rhat the Time*, which has, until its unfortunate aberration of last, year, maintained its high position both as' to loyalty and logic, should now betray the weakness it has, in both respects, strikes us not only with surprise but re gret. These positions, taken by it in re pelling some imputations of the Albany tommy Journal, indicating a farther secession from its old sound aud patriotic NUMBER 27 position than wo had supposed it to hat* reached. An Jwe may add that the more we hOe of tho animus of the States and peopla and press, which haye caused thin great trouble in the oountry, the more heartily do we appreciate the stern virtue of Congress in taking and holding tho position that it occupies with reference to theui.— Pitt. Commercial. GENERAL Pope's orders in regard to tho riot at Mobile and Colonel Shepherd's suppression of a Mobile newspaper are very sensible docu ments. He explains his action in re moving tho authorities of tho city on the goneral ground that the military are not sent into the South by Con gress to do nothing, nor to do every thing, but to see that life and proper ty are made safe. This, in his opin ion, they can best do— he, for his part, intends to do this— by support ing in all ways tho civil authorities, against insurrection and anarchy and whenever tho civil authorities, thro' weakness, stupidity, or malice, fail to protect the individual, by superse ding them and putting capablo men in their places. He acts under a law of Congress which declares that there is no adequate protection to life and property in the lately rebel lious States; but what means of pro tection ho finds in cxistenco ho in tends to help as far as possible. As to tho newspaper, he infonns Col. Shepherd that freo speech is to be tolerated and encouraged, and edi tors and public speakers, no matter what they say, are not to be meddled with. The military are to wait for overt acts with which the civil power may bo unable to deal. ELOQUENT PASSAGE.—The best thing Geo. D. l'rentico ever wrote is this inim itable pn'sago :—" It caunot be that earth is ticiu's ouly abiding place. It cannot be that our iile is a bubble cast up by the ocean ot eternity, to float a moment upon its waves and sink into nothingness.— Klse, why is it the high and glorious aspi rations which leap like ungels from tho temple of our hearts, are forever wander ing unsatisfied? why is it that the rainbow and cloud come over us with a boaflty that is not of earth, and then pass off to leave us to muse on their loveliness? Why I < it that the stars which hold their festival around the midnight throne, aro above the grasp of our limited faeulites, forever mooting us with their unaproach able glory? Aud finally, why is it that the bright forms of human beauty are presented to our view and taken from us, leaving the tliousand streams of oar af fections to flow back in an Alpine torrent upon our hearts '! We are bom for a higher destiny than earth. There is a realm where tho rainbow never fades, where tho stars will be sproad out before us like shadows and rcmaiu forever in our presenco." BLOODY AFFRAY.—A Now Orleans dispatch of Hunday says : A bloody affray has occurred at Natchitoches i Parish. C. W. Stauffer and John Jones, partners, had a quarrel. J)r. Jones and Judge R. 11. .Jones threatened to kill Stauffer if he did not leave the placo. lie was the popular Radical candidate for the Con vention, and they wished him out of the way. Last Monday Stauffer was about to have tho Jones brothers bound over to keep the peace, when the Judge and Doctor attacked hitn. John Jones then rode up, aud with a double barrelled gun dehdcra'ely killed Stauffer. He then rode to Stauffer's house, called for hia wife ond told her he had killed her hus band. He then rode out of town. The Sheriff attempted to arrest the Jones' and was shot in the head and severely injur ed, and an assistant was shot in the arm. These Jfnos'are nephews of Governor Wells, and R. 15. Jones was appointed to the Supreme Beneh of the Stato during Wells' administration. THE Tribune regrets that poiitive data are still wanting to'prove that the spread of elementary instruction diminishes crime. May not this arise from the fact that children are taught to consider man ual labor as derogatory to educated peo ple, that in educating the brain, we teach them to expect to live by brain labor ? Men who, liko Mr. Lincoln, rose fiom a position of manual labor are constantly held up, before boys, as models for imi tation ; and the one lesson they catch is the getting away from rail-splitting. Hence the msh for places as clerks in professions or offices, " while our millions ot hands want acres, and millions of acres want hands." If education is not to bo an inceotive to expedients for "living by my wits," those gentlemen who deliver school addresses must cease awakening the ambition of every boy to be Presi dent, or at least goto Congress, and of every girl to be the President's wife. —Some of the Western farmers who have been holding onto their grain in expectation of famine prices, have had their fingers badly burned. In Delaware county, lowa, according to a dispatch from that place, there is considerable more wheat fur sale than any one supposed a few weeks since, and farmers are now bringing iu whatever they have for sale, and selling it at SI 50 instead of $2 25, which they could have got for it,a few weeks since. —lt is more common to see an extreme love than a perfect friendship. —Nothing can constitute good breed ing that has not good nature for iti foundation.