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American citizen. [volume] (Butler, Butler County, Pa.) 1863-1872, August 21, 1867, Image 1

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VOLUME 4.
BIOGRAPHY OF
Judge Henry W. Williams.
The following biographical sketch of
our candidate for Supreme Judgo has
been carefully prepaid, and was deliver
ed at a public meeting held in Pittsburgh
a few days since, by C. B. M. Smith,
Esq. It will be a gratification for every
Union Voter to have the pleasure of sup
porting such an able and pure minded
gentleman. Read the biography.
Mr. Smith was received with raptur
ous applause, aud proce ded to deliver
the following biographical sketch of our
wot thy candidate, lie said:
I come here to-night, my feliuw citi
zens, to perform what is to me a pie sant
duty—to join with you in giving our ad
herenee to the platform of principles
adopted by the great Union Republican
party of this State, at the Convention
lately held in Williamsport, and in uian
ifesting our satisfaction and pleasure in
the nomination by that Convention, of
our fellow citizen, Hun. Henry W.
Williams, as a candidate for election to
tho highest jndicial position of this Com
monwealth.
While I shall express ray cardial ap
proval of the principles enunciated in
that wise, moderati and patriotic creed
of political laiih, which breathes, in
every line, a love for freedom and hu
man rights, and mixed with no demand
for vengeance, by saying that I would
hardly add to, or detrict, one word there
from, I shall leave its discussion to iho.se
ablo gentlemen who may follow, and de
vote the brief time allotted me upon thin
occasion in speaking of the personal,
moral, political and judicial character of
our candidate ; and it is, perhaps, fitting
that I should do this, as I have known
Judge WiU'wis longer, and more inti
matcly, than any person in this hou-c.
My ance with him commenced
in college in 1836, as class mate, and
since tnat time 1 have studied with him,
taught w.th him, and prtc iced in my
prole,-*inn witL, and under him. I have
known him as a student, as teacher, as
lawyer and as Judge; and what is more,
during all that time, I have known him
as an intimate, perronal frien I. I have
knowu him more thoroughly than 1 have
ever known any other living man, not
excepting my own brother, and I say
here to night, in presence of this large
audisnco, that, even were I so disposed,
I could truthfully speak no ill of him.
Judge Williams is ot the food old
revolutionary Whig stock, which'aehiev
ed our national indepen lenee in 17T• >,
and from his ancestors he has inherited
a steady love ol lilerty, independence,
freedom and national union, which has
been strengthened by the great events
of these lutter times. lie was born in
the beautiful valley of the Connecticut
—a State that has given birth to sueli
men as Henry lialdwin, Walter Forward
(iarrick Mallory, and William Strong—
and is now iu the full prime and vigor
of manhood. From the people and of
them, he has been mainly the architect
of his own fortune. His father, a well
to-do farmer, held with most New Eng
land lathers of that da)', that it was bet
ter fot the boys to help themselves than
to be dependent upon paternal savings,
and after having furnished his son with
the means of acquiring an education, he
sent him forth from the paternal home
at an early age, to make his way in the
world, and tight the battle of life unaid
ed, save by his own energy and talents.
In college, Judge Williams gave prom
ise of his future suece-s. He became at
on<-e one ot the most popular men ol' his
class, loved and respected by all for bis
correct deportment, bis kind an 1 social
disposition, his high sense of honor, his
great regard tor truth, his strict integri
ty, and for his entire freedom from envy
and jealousy. He immediately took high
rank as a scholar, especial!" as a speaker
a writer, a debater, a logican, and a net
aphysician, which rank ho maintained
nud increased during his collegiate course
He graduated at Amherst College, Mas
sachusetts, in the summer of 1837, and
so proud has his atma mater been of this
one of her favorite sons that she some
time since honored herself by bestowing
upon him the honorary degree of Doc
tor ot Laws. After spending the inters
•vening time in teaching, he commenced
reading law in the office ot the Kx.Chiel
Justice Lowrio, of this city,
in the spring 1839, and was admitted to
the bar of this eonnty in May, 1841.
He practiced his profession with iucreas
ing success from the time of his admis
sion to the bar, as a partner wiih his
preceptor, until the latter was appointed
Judge of the District Court of this
county, and then with the late Wm. M.
Shinn, until elevated for the first time to
bis present position in the fall of 1851.
As a lawyer. Judge Williams was a
cautious, safe, honest and reliable coun
sellor, and an earnest, eloqucut and gen
erally successful advocate. lie endeav
ored to keep his clients out of the law
insteading of getting them in, with a
good cause, all bis energies aud abilities
were beot to bringing matters to a favor
able issue. His dealings with his clients
were ever characterized by justice and
faithfulness. While he would never
knowingly take a bad case for the sake
of fee. tie never gave up a good one bo
cause hiscliect was unable to pay him.
His intercourse with his professional
brethren was always kind,courteous and
honorable, never resorting to what is
called "sharp practice" to gain an advan
tage over bis opponent. Had he remain
ed at the bar, few would have met. with
greater success in that most difficult, la
borous and honorable profession.
At a large and respectable Convention
of the old Whig party of this county,
held on the Itli et Juno, lSot, Judge
AMERICAN CITIZEN.
William', then young; in years and in
his profession, and without judicial ex
perience, without solicitation on his part
was nominated by acclamation, for the
responsible position which he now holds,
and was placed upon the judicial ticket
of that party with the llun. Walter For*
ward, ?s the eandidi ta for President
Judge of the District Court and Hon.
William K. M'Ulure as the candidate for
President Judirc of the Courts of Com
mon Pleas, &e. Ilis opponent at the
election in the fall was Judge Shaler, a
lawyer of eminent ability aud learning,
who added to his other quiltfi ations for
the position an experience of several
years upon the bench, to which the dem
ocrrtic party sought again to elevate him.
The resu't of the election showtid that
the action of the Convention in nomina
ting Judge Williams, w thout a dissent
ing voice, was peculiarly acceptable to
the people, ile ran ahead of his ticket
in the ward in which 1 e lived, in"the
old Democratic Third Ward," and in tho
county, bating his able oppouent 2,'245,
while Judge Forward's majority over
Judge Hepburn was only 1,228, aud
Judge. M'C'lure's over James S. Craft
only 1,117.
So well, faithfully, impartially and
satisfactorily did Judge Williams dis
charge the duties of his office, and so
learned, upright and useful a Judgu did
he prove himself to be, in the estimation
of all men, that at the end of his first
judicial term of ten years, in 1861. he
was nominate I by aclamation by the then
t ,- o great parties of the country, and was
re-elected without opposition from any
quarter. Such renewed evidence of pop
u nrity and appreciated in one's own
neighborhood, and among men of all
parties, are very rare, and most* clearly
foreshadow the very flattering vote which
the judge will receive from the people of
this county ou the secoud Tuesday of
October next.
Judge Williams'manners and bearing
are alw tys pleas : ng. In social intercourse
he is the life of the circle in which he
mingles. (Cheerful, lively and witty,
never by look or word, intentionally,
wounding the feelings or speaking ill of
any one, ho makes friends of all. Ilis
extensive reading and large information
upon all subjects,make liis society sought
for by the learned and scientific. Iu his
history, in the classics and in the natur
al and metaphysical sciences, there are
few more thorough and extensive stu
dents than Judge Williams.
Judge Williams' moral and religious
character is beyond reproach. Temper
ate and chasle in all things, truthful in
bis words aud honest aud upright in all
his deiling, neither by word nor by act
does he ever ofTend public decency, or
bring the cause of souud morals and t'ue
religion into reproach. Religious with
out Pharisaism or bigotry, while he se
lects and cherishes his own church con
nections, in which he has ever been a
consistent, active an 1 leading professor,
he cheerfully, and as a matter of prin
ciple, concedes the right of judging and
deterraing for themselves to other men.
No one ever heard him denounce any
man, or any sect, for differing with hiui
upon theological dogmas.
In politics, Judge Williams was at
the first a Whig of the Clay and Web
ster school, holding with the former that
protection to some exteut was necessary
to encourage and foster the industrial iu
tcrests of Pennsylvania, and with the
la'ter that there was no object in our
politics so much to be constantly kept in
mind and maintained, in every event, as
ti e perpetual union of these States.
■ hen the exigencies of the times give
irth to the llepulican party his far-see
ing patriotism, and his long chcishcd
It ve of the Uuiro, led him to cast bis
votes and give his iuflucacc, so far as it
\ as consistent with his official station,
iu favor of the principles and candi
dates of that party. During the re
bellion lie supported the Co .'cmnient
and the armies of the Union by every
means in his power, upholding the cred
it and authority of the former, and en
couraging by eonstaut faith the glorrtius
cuccess ot the latter. Those intimate
with him will not readily forget his cn
erggetic utterance agaiuft treason and
traitors and the strong and emphatic
inanuer with which he was wont to de
clare that the Union must an 1 should,
at all hazards, be preserved. While no
partisan or ultraist iu politics, he is in
favor of .mp r ovement and reform, when
the changes of the times and wants of
the people demand them.
The judicial position which Judge
Williams has held for ouer fifteen years
is as important and responsible as any in
ihe State. It has becu adorned by some
ot the best legal minds, and it is not
saying too much for him to say that ho
has proved himself in every respect the
equal of any of them. During that
time he has probably tried as many and
as important commercial, and constitu
tional cases, as any other judge of his
years in the State, and as a commercial
;i nd constitutional lawyer and Judge, he
has no superior on the bench. Quick
to fee the real point in the cause pre
sented before him. and prompt to decide
according to the well established rules
of law aud evidence, he has shown him
self a sound, clear aud practical Judge,
whose opinions and decisions have beeu
as seldom reversed by the Supreme
Cour' as those of any other Judge of auy
other inferior Court in the State. These
opinions, many of which have found
place in our legal reports arc sound and
lucid expositions ot the law of the case
before him. They always possess tbo
merit of adhesion to the question at is
sue, of clearness and brevity. lie nov
er wanders from the point involved, and
never seeks to reject bis own notions of
law or ethics into the decisions of the
" Let us have Faith that Right makes Might; and in that Faith let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it"— A. LINCOLN
BUTLER, BUTLER COUNTY, PENN'A, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 31, 1807.
Courts which ought ever to be faithful
interpretation of Constitution
and laws as they are. He is not aju
dieial law maker, many of whom, to the
grief of the profession, we have, but a
judicial law expounder, leaving the ma
king of the laws to those whose business
it is. In his charges to the jury, he
lays down the law of the ease with great
clearness and leaves all questions of fact
fairly to their determination.
Judge Willians is emphatically an
honest, impartial and just Judge. He
cannot be turned a hail's breadth by
prejudice, by favor, or by interest, from
what he believes to be the justice of the
cause before him. So well is his stern
integrity as a Judge understood in this
community, that no couusel or suitor
ever undertook to influence him in the
decision of a cause pending before him,
save by legal testimony and sound legal
argument
Judgo Williams is a christian gentle
man, a lipe scholar, a sound and, well
read lawyer, and a just judge, to whom
the celebrated lines of the opening of the
third ode of Horace will apply with as
much force and truth as to any other
man :
Justum ac tenacem propositi rirom.
Non civium ardor prava jubeutium,
Nun vultn-t Instanti* tyrauni*
Men to quatit selida.
With such a candidate and in a cause
so worthy, our own and tho Counties of
the Western part of the State will vie
with Philadelphia and her sister coun
ties of the East in raising the banner of
freedom and the Union still higher, and
in inugaratiug a campaign for free prin
ciples and a united, peaceful and happy
country, which shall culminate in the
glorious victories of 1868, under the
leadership of a Thomas, a Sheridan, a
Sherman, ot a Grant.
l.uulsiuua.
If Sheridan is not removed he will
soon finish the preparations for a Con
stitutional Convention iii Louisiana.—
The Boards of Registers have nearly
finished the enrollment of voters,and are
ready to execute Sher'dan's order lo pre
pare poll-books and voting places. It is
expected that in a short time an order
directing an election to be held for dele
gates to the Convention will be issued.—
The latest returns make the total of reg
istered voters in tho State 119,390, of
whom 41,16(5 are whites and 78,239
blacks. Tho Conservative papers con
cede, upon these figures, a Radical ma
jority of over 30,000 j and as during the
past month less than 2,000 names have
bc< n added to the lists in the whole State,
there can be no hope of reducing it.—
The colored men have a decisive majori
ty in all the parishes but six, and those
are the smallest in the State. The Avie
Orleans Times is unquestionably right i'i
its conclusion that l, the political com
plexion of this Convention seenn to be
already decided beyond qu stion. That
it will be overwhel uingly Radical thero
can scarcely exist a doubt. The prepon
derance ol blacks registered is very large,
and as a miss they will vote the Radical
ticket. The colored persons who express
a determination to cooperate with the
Conservative patty are so few aud notice
able as to prove that they are on'y ex
ceptions to the general rule. Of course,
even at this late day, enough colored
people might possibly be influenced to
elect delegates to tho Convention iusotne
ew of the parishes ; but wo believe it
would be impossible to materially reduce
the large majority which the Radicals
se 'in destined to have, and therefore it
is better to look this matter boldly in the
face, and determine to make tho best ol
it." All this shows with how little de
lay Sheridan has done his wo k and how
little romsius to or-anise a loyal civil
government His removal, we are afraid
will be largely dua to his success. We
do not believe that tho President de
sires a Radical Convention to bo held in
Louisiana for it is not forg ittcn t hat he
defende I the mas-acre of that which as
sembled in July, 1866.—A. V. Tribune.
TIIF. DUTCHMAN'S "BONY."—
you rccklemember dat lid lie black bjny
I pyod uiit the bidlcr next week
"Yah, vut of him ?"
"Nothings, ouly I gits sheatcd burdv
bad."
"So ? '
"Yah. You see in the vast place he
ish plint mit bote legs, and fery lam: mit
von eye. Den vcn you gits on him to
rite he up belli at unt kicks up be
fore so vurser as a chackuiule. I dinks
I duke hiui a liddle rite yesterday, unt no
sooner I vets straddle his pack be gons
inencc d »t vay, so like a vukiu poani on a
poatstreaiu; unt vcn he gits tone, I vasso
mixed up mide el'erydinks, I vints mine
self zitten around packwards, mit his
dail in my bants vor de bridle."
"Veil, vot you gjing to do mit him?"
"Oh I vixed him pe'ter as shauj up. —
1 hitch in le cart mit his dail vcre his
head ought to be; den I gife him about a
dozen cuts mit a hidecow; he starts togo,
put soon he sfees te cart pefore him, he
makes packwards. Den 1 takes him out,
hitch him de rite vay, unt he goes rite off
shust so good as anybody's bouy."
FREE RAILROAD LAW.—The Gettysburg
Star and Senlinal says:"The friends of a
free railroad law are bestirring themselves.
We observe that the Republican nomina
tions for the Legislature in the Northern as
well as in the Western part of the State,
reference is had to the opinions and v itos of
candidates on this question. Tlicsocret ene
mies of this great measure—on which, by tho
way, the Democratic State Convention pre
served a suspicious silence—must prepare
next winter to reverse their record of las (
session, or make a square issue with th e
[ people."
WHAT IS MY NAME?
God made Adam out of du»t.
Hut thought it best to im*ke ma first,
So I Wim made before the uian,
According to God's holy plan.
My body lie did make complete,
But without arms, or legs, or feet %
My ways and tiuie he did control,
And I was made without a soul.
A living creature I became,
And Adam gave my n tnie.
Then fr..m bin pretence I withdrew,
NJ more of Adam ev«n know.
I did my Maker'* law obey ;
From them I uever went astray.
Thousand* of miles 1 move iu fear,
But seldom upon earth appeer.
Dnt God in me did sometblog aee,
And put a living soul in me.
A soul iu me the Lord did claim,
And took lrom me a soul again
And when from nie that soul was fled,
I was tho same as when first in a 10.
Aud without hands, or feet, or soul,
I travel now from polo to pole
I labor hard both day and night,
fo fallen man I give great lignt,
Thousands of people, .voung and old.
Do by uiy death great light behold.
No fear of death does tronble me,
Nor happiness I cannot see,
To heavn abtve I cannot go,
Nor to the grave or hell below.
The Scriptures I cannot believe,
If right or wrong 1 can't conceive,
Although my name therein Is fouud,
They are to mo au empty sound.
And when my frlenls, these lines
Go, search the Bibl- with all speed, *
And if tny name you can't find there,
It will be htrange, 1 must declare.
WIT AUD WISDOM.
w»' beef-tea first made in
gSiyA forte that is too much stormed
now-u <?ays. The piano-forte.
SttSf-A pretty female artist can draw the
men equally with n brush and a blush.
hat do the sail'irs do wiih the
knot* the ship makes in a day,,7
6tas"".\o trly every evil has its compensa
tion. If a niTin has but one foot he never
treads on his own toe".
«®*A wom in's are generally more
cffeetivj than her words. In such eases,
wind is a le*s powerful element than water.
Who is the greatest poulterer Shakes
peare? Claudius, King of Denmark, because
l,e ' murdered most foul."
6kas~" Patrick, how long has it been since
you left Ireland ?" "Eighteen months, my
ljrd : but I've been there twice since."
expresied tho belief that a cer.
tain miser would take the beam out of his
own eye, if he knew whero he could sell the
timber.
B©-The more a woman's waist is shaped
like an hour glass, the more it shows us
that her sands of life are runing out.
A countryman perceiving ono of his
friends take much upon him because he
was born in London, said, "Have not all
the mice in London the eaine.lionor ?"
©if A true tale is told of Charles Mat
thews, that, personating an exeentric *old
gentleman, a family friend, he drank tea
with his mother without her finding out the
cheat.
{o?* l'ractice does nit always make per
fect. Curtail, when told by his physician
that ho seems I to cough with more diffi
culty, replied, That is odd enough, for i
have beea practicing all night."
BST - Artenias Ward in speaking of the
newspapers of his village, savs " that the
advertisements are well-written, and the
marriages an I deaths are conducted with
signal ability.''
DOCTOR. —" Well, madam, how's your
husband to-day ?"
Wife—" Why, doctor, he is no better."
Dictor—" Did you get the leeches?"
Wife—" Yes; but he only tookthrceof
them raw I had to fry the rest!"
Bay*A poor Man in Providence was fined
and sent to jail for ten days for falling
asleep in church. Tho Providence Jtiurnal
says: " If a 1 boring man is to bo sent to
jail hr sleeping during a sermon, how much
more should a preacher sutler fo a failure
to keep his hearers awake?"
Ciaf-An Old Lady was telling her grand
children about s imo trouble iu Scotland, in
the course of which the chief uf her clan
was beheaded. " It was na -greatof ah"ad,
to bo sine," slid the good lady, " but it
was a »ad lo«s to him.''
BrjyT wo Friends meeting, one remarked,
11 I have just met a man who t »ld me I
looked like you." 14 'Pel! nin who it was.
• hat I may knock him down," replied his
| friend. " Dm't trouble yourself," .-aid he,
14 14 I di I that my-elf immediately."
B«2r* 'ls it not astonishing/' Raid a
w-althy individual, '* that a large fortune
w.is left me by a person who had only seen
ine once ?" "It w-.ul J have been still mors
astonishing," paid a wag, 44 if ho had left
it to y< u after seeing you twice."
jK9»Som<t time since a gentleman died in
the town of X, who during life rofused to
believe in another world. Two nr three
weeks after his demise his wife receive!,
through a medium, a communication which
read as follow*:
"Dear wife, I now believe. Please send
me my thin clothes."
id," said an incipent legislator
to his indulgent parent, who had gratified
him with a visit to the galleries of the Cap
itol, 4 'say, do you see any row going on; I
don't?"
4 *No,"sail the astonished father, 14 of
course not. Why did von a*k?"
14 Cause the man in the big desk says 4 the
<7/#* have it,' nnd just now he said the nose
had it; s» 1 thought they had some fun
down there sorae'ers!"
fear John tells a story of Thompson and
Rogers, two married bucks of New York,
who, wandering home lato one night stop
ped at what Thompson supposed was his
residence, but which bis companion insis
ted was his own house. Thompson rang
the btjll lustily, when a window was opened
and a lady inquired what was wanted.
„Madam," inquired Mr. Thompson, 4, i<n't
this Mr* T—Thompson's bouse?"
~Xo," replied the lady, "this is tho residence
of Mr. Rogers."
„\Vell," exclaimed Thompson, " Mrs. T
—Thompson —beg your pardon—Mrs.
Rogers, won't vou just step down to the door
and pick ou: Rogers, for Thompsou wants
tog > heme?'
—When a man looks through a tear
|in his own eye, it is often a lens which
i reveals what no telescope however •kill*
I fully constructed, could do.
The Crops of the World.
Commencing at home, and on the Rio
Grande, we find that Texas has a large
com, a good wheat, and a medium cotton
crop. The same is to be said of Louis
iana and parts of Mississippi, with some
considerable deduction arising from the
rdvnges of the cotton worm and the de
vastations of late Spting floods. Around
the Gulf States, all supplies of food will
be abundant, bnt cotton is not likely to
yield more than two thirds of an average
of former gotid years. Of rice, and cane
sugar, there are no good reports. These
staples require large capital, and a cer
tain kind ol labor which disappeared dur
ing the war. In the rest of tha South
ern States, with the exception of some
portions of North Carolina, and on had
jy-worn soils elsewhere,the yield of grain
exceels any former year, audit is stated
that in a great measure they will muke
no demands on the North for bread.—
Tobacco, generally, will bo deficient.—
Owing to the great amount of labor be
stowed on the growing of grain, cotton
could not receive the usual undivided
attention, and it is generally conceded
that it will not excel tho unfavorable
yield of last year by more thau a quarter.
Generally, the freedtuen are performing
their contracts with fidelity, and outra
ges upon then are less frequent.
By latest advices from the heart of the
great grain-growing regions of the West,
we mustcouclude that the yield of wheat
corn, and oats wi 11 be unprecedcntedly
large. Dealers who never carry less than
hundreds of barrels of flour have work
ed their stocks down as low as ten bar
rels. At tha preseut time no large
quantity of breadstulls can be sold at
current rates, so prevalent is the opinion
that prices must recede; and yet, through
the whole West, there is an absolute
scarcity. In estimating prices for the
future this last fact should not be over
looked, and the amount absolutely nec
essary to feed the people, whose bread
hitherto has been as cheap as fuel,will be
taken into account. The vaiious fruits
are in excess of former years. Grapes,
h wever' are doing badly through inter
ior sections. On the islauds along the
southern shore of Lake Erie, as well as
in other water climates, little or no mil
dew has yet appeared. Apples arc abund
ant, and thence the east cau be supplied.
In the Eastern States considerable
damage has been dune hay and grain by
the freqeot showers. Still, iu various
localities these crops have been secured
in good order, and corn will yield heavi
ly. Much more wheat is now grown
than formerly, and with such gratifying
results that its culture is likely still more
to be extended. From all parts of Can
ada the harvests now commencing
are more than usually promising, bu',
danger is apprehended from the weevil.
However, its ravages arc not likely to bo
more than lccal. North-westward, t).
ward the British Possessions, westward
to our new Territories, we have the same
general cheering accounts of large yields
of grain. Though the damage done by
the grasshopper was considerate, the
effect will be slight even in the States
where for a time it threatened to destroy
everything, and whence it has departed,
no ont knowing whither. We have the
general statement in the Territories of
New Mexico, Utah, and Colorado that
they will raise their own bread, and per
haps Arizona should be included. In the
valleys of Nevada some line farms have
been opened, and they are growing ex
cellent wheat. This year promises to
equal the last in California in all tho
fruits and grains produced in this
remarkably and now highly prosportus
State; nor do we have any discouraging
report from Oregon or Washington 'Per
ritory. The Territory adjoining this has
been so recently acquired, and the means
of communication are so infrequent, that
wc must pass it by in our review.
Last year that country which long was
the granary of the world, owiug to the
f'erteiizing waters of the Nile, had a short
crop of grain, though tho yield of cotton
was largo, anil the pr'ces of breadstuff*
were high. This year the harvests have
been abundant, and prices have fallen
two. thirds. Southern and Central llus
sia, which for many years have contrib
uted so much to tho graiu markets of
Western Kurope, will furnish an unusual
quantity of breadstuff-!. In Poland there
will be some diminution, owing to an
oveifiow of the waters of the Vis.
tula, for even houses were carried
away. Through Austria, Prussia, and
in Norway and Sweden, there is a pros
pect of average yields of grain, and the
same is to be said of Turkey in Europe,
and of North Italy. In Portugal the
weather has been so unfavorable as seri
ously to injure the grapes. What may
have been the yield of grain in Spain
and France, the dry weather was doing
considerable damage. England more
immediately concerns us. In the sout!> ]
em part the oat harvest cominen ed about j
tho 20th ult,., and was large. This in
cludes the Counties of Middlesex, Sur
rey, llerks, and Bucks. In Yorkshire
the weather had been highly favorable
for three weeks, during which time a
large hay crop was secured. This being
followed by showers, helped the bwlev,
which was short, kept up the grow'h of
clover and grass pastures, and rapidly
brought forward early souie turnips.—
Our last account is up to the 24th ult.—
The showers had continued, aud in places
the standing graic was bjaicn about con
siderable; still, there was no reason for
believiug that auy permauent damage
had beou done. On ilio contrary, the
rain had of great advantage to bar-
Icy, oats, peas, and beans, which bad
suffered during the long dry in
bsy harvest. At the date mentioned
the wheat was only beginning to change
color. To the hop grower, these rains,
accompanied by high winds, were not so
acceptable, for in exposed situations the
young shoots were terribly battered. In
Kent, owing to the attack of iusects, the
hop prospect is verjr gloomy. Generally
the season is from ten days to two weeks
late. The latest nccount states that a
storm was prevailing through Great
Britain.— N. V. Tribune.
The First of August.
So long as " persons of African de
scent" remain as a distinguishable class
in America the First of August will be
their great day. It will be their Pass
over, their Fourth of July, their Saint
Patrick's Day. Ou the Fit st of August,
1£34, slavery became extinct in the
Brutish Wes> India Islands. By a
strango coincidence, on the First of Au
gust in this Year of Grace, 1807—a
generation, to a day, as we now reckon
human generations—persons of that
race, heretofore held as slaves in tho
United States, for the first time exer
cised the rights not merely of " freed
men," but of citizens, by voting for
Governor and members of Congress.
This in the State of Tennesseo.
Verily the world does move. One
ean scarcely believe that it is exactly
ten years since Justice Taney pronounc
ed his famous " l)red Scott" decision,
wherein backed up by the whole body
of Associate Justices, he laid down as
established law that no person of Afrit
ean descent was or could ever become a
citizen of the United States. Let us,
however, do justice to Judge Taney,
lie never gave the atrocious decision HO
often nttributbd to him, that the black
race was "so far inferior that ihey had
no rights which the while man was
Louuii to respect." These words, indeed
occur in iiis decision. He says that they
had been so regardod for a century be
fore the framing of tho Declaration ot
Independence ; and that then " no one
seems to have doubted the correctness
of the prevailing opinion of tho time."
Hut the whole context shows that Jus
tice Tauey, so far from formally giving
his official sanction to this seutiment,.
had serious doubts as to its rightfulness
He indeed denied to the colored race,
through all generations, any political or
civil rights. But he would doubtless
haro conceded to them some rights
which " the white man was bound to
respect"—such rights, fo l- example, as
tho amiable Mr. lie Bergh so strenuous
ly maintains for turtles and donkey, om
nibus horses and ragpickers' dogs—the
right at least not to be starved or bru
tally beaten.
Many men had the gravest doubts as
to the safety of extending tho franchise
to tho freedmen. We shared in those
doubts. But concurrent testimony from
a thousaud Sources convinces us, as it
has convinced thoughtful man,
Norfli and South, that our fears were
groundless. The freedmen have borne
themselves with a dignity, a moderation,
a decorum which their best friends da*'
ed not to h pe. We have just received
a letter from a Georgia planter, the most
intimate friend and associate of Alexan
der 11. Stephens, Vice' President of the
late Confederacy. The wr tor, who
fought during the whole war on the
Southern side, says, in effect, that the
South ought, loog ago, to have emanci
pated the slaves and given them the
right of suffrage. How the freedmen
came to be found, all at ouce, in posses
sion of so much real political knowledge
has puzzled us all. Perhaps " Porto
Crapon," in a picture in Harpers Mag
azine of last Jauuury, solves the mystery.
There we have a person of unmistakable
" African descent" waiting at table,
whereat are seated several most undoubt
edly F. F. V.'s, who are clearly discuss
ing politics Colored Persoa, tray in
hand, is ready to change plates, or re
plenish the wine or punch glasses; but
his ear is turned so as catch every word
which falls from the lips of tho P. P.
V.'s. In au hour after the F. F. V.'s
have retired from the festive board ev
ery word which they said will have been
told to a score of eager listeners in the
negro quarters. That attentive " boy"
was for the future freedmen not a bad
substitute for a daily newspaper.
Well, the election in Tennessee came
off on the First of August. As we
write, on the second, telegraphic reports
thereof coina in. Nashville, which
would most likely have been the Con
federate capital, had Ihe Confederacy
lived, has never been famous for quiet
elections. But now we read that the
polls closed upon a very peaceable sirene.
There WJS no fighting, 110 "iriinkeuness
no disorder. Early in the morning loog
lines of dark laces were furmed at the
polls. One by one, indue order, the
du;ky new made freedmen deposited
their ballots and departed. lu the af
ternoon the whites mainly voted. That
the election would go in favor of the
'• Radicals" was a foregone conclusion.
; President JoliDson himself could hardly
| have hoped to find any support in his
I own State.
Tins i'irst of August 1367, will stan<l
as the culminating point of a great rev
olution. On that day ojlored nicn for
tho Sr*t time fairly voted for Governor
and tnemtrsrg of Congress. They did
not, so far as we know at this time, vote
for candidates of their own color. Hut
it u well for all wen to understand that
this will Dot be s pnrpetual precedent.
The right of voting for au officer implies
the righe of being voted for. Ten years
ago .Justice Taney decided that a color
ed man eould not be a citisjc. Today
he is l; irrespective of race or color" a
citizen Within ten y)sa.', an 1 ptcb*
NUMBER 35
bly within half that time, we sball find
more than one American citizen of Af
rican descent presenting himself with •
all due credentials, sealed with tho
broadest of all broad State seal*, as mem
ber-elect of Congress. Mora than like
ly the first of these ebony-Images will
present themselves from the Palmetto
btate. What sball then be done? Ia
our view, if the Fortieth Congress of Jhe
United States is not scandalized by hat
ing among its members Mr. John Mor
rissy, the Forty-second can not be great
ly haimed by the presence of Mr. Fr«d
enon Doug'sss Harpen Weekly.
THE PRINTER.— The following beau
lul tribute to the followers of the "stick
and rule" is from the pen of B. F. Tay>
lor, of the Chicago Evening Journal.
The printer is the adjutant of thought
and this explains the mystery of the
mystery of the wonderful word that can
kindle a hope as no song can; that can
warm a heart as no hope can;
that wjrd "we" with handsin hand
warmth in it—for the author and the
printer are engineers together. Engi
neers, indeed ! When the little Cosei n
bombarded Cadir, at tho distanoe of five
miles, it was deemed the very triumph
of engineering But what is that range
to this, whereby they brnibard the ages
yet to be ?
Thero at the "case" he stands and
marshals into line the forces armed for
truth, clothed in immortality and English.
And what can be nobler than that equip
ment of a thought in stearling Saxon—
with a spear or shield therein, and that
commissioning it when we arc dead, to
move grandly onto "the latest syllable
of recorded time." This is to win a vic
tory from death, for this has no dying in
it.
The printer is called a laborer, and tho
office he performs is toil. Oh, it is not
work but a sublime life he is performing,
when he thus sights the engine that is
to fling a worded truth in grander curve
than missile e'sr before described i fling
it into the bosom of an age unborn. He
throws off his coat indeed ; we but won
der the rather, that he does not put his
shoes from off his feet, for the place where
he stands is holy ground.
A little song was uttered somewhere
long ago. it wondered through tho twi
light feebler than a star ; it died upon
the ear. But the printer takes it up
where it was lying there % tho silence
like a wounded bird, and he sends it
forth from the ark that had preserved it,
and it fli«H on into tho future with tho
olive branch of peace, and around tho
world with tnelody, lihs ths dawning of a
spring morning.
A GOOD JOKE.—When I used to keep
store in Syracuse, tWfe old man camo
around one day, and says he:
"Boys, the one that sells most 'twixt
now and Christmas, gets a vest pattern
for n present."
Maybe we didn't work for that vest
pattern ! I tell you thore were some tall
stories told in graise of goods about that
time. But the tallest talker, and the ono
that had more cheek than any of us, was
a certaih Jonah Squires, who roomed
with me. lie could take a dollar out of
a nian'j pockht. when the man only in
tended to spend a sixpence. And wo
man— I/>rd bless you ! —they just handed
ovier their pocket books to him, and let.
hm lay out what he pleased for them
One night Jonah woke me up with—
" By Joe, old fellow, if you think that,
are's got any cottsn in it, I'll bring down
the sheep that it was cut from and make
him swear to his own wool! T'wont
wear out, either; I wore a pair of pants of
that stuff for five years, and they,re as
good as when I first put 'em on ! Tako
it at thirty cents, and I'll say you owe mo
nothing. Eh! too dear! well call it
twenty eight cents. What d'ye say?
Shall I tear it? All right, it's a bar*
gain."
I could fed Jonah's land playing
about the bed clothes for an instant, then
rip, tear, went something, and 1 had my
hi ad under the 112 lankets, perfcotly con
vulsed with laughter, and sure that Jonah
had torn the sheet from top to bottom.
When [ woke up in the morning I found
—alas ' unkindest cut of all—that the
back of my night shirt was split from tail
collar batd.
—The strong vote in tho Michi
gan Coristituional Convention in fa
vor of prohibition, and refusal of th&
Convention to submit the question
seperately. are significant signs of
tho times. The wisdom of such an
extreme measure may be questioned.
Nevertheless, it shows the popular
tendency. This comes necessarily
from the universal and still growing
evil of intemperance—not the intem
perance of former days; but a con
suming epi lemic th t gathers its vies
tirn-» by scores, and from all rank 3
and classes, ff by a clause in her
Constitution Michigan shall be fortu
nate enough to exterminate this
plague, it wi'il be a hippy day for her
citizens. The attempt wilt be watch
ed with an absorbing interest by tho
other Sta'es, not less aflictol than
j she.
j TO'DRIVK OFF HATS.—Tak& *
: bunch nf matches and soak them over
; night ins tea cup full of water; then
take out tbe matches thicken the wa-
I ter- with Indian meal to a stiff dough,
adding a teaspoonful of sugar and a
, littlo lard; lay it about the premises
where tho rats and nothing else will
• eat it-

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