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American citizen. [volume] (Butler, Butler County, Pa.) 1863-1872, November 06, 1867, Image 1

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VOLUME 4.
(Driipal JJadrg.
For the Citizen.
A DREAM.
On the ■Me of a "beautiful mountalfl,
Grew flower* ofspary hue ;
In the vru'ey bel'.w a bright f»untaln
Purled ever, iu fiioadnblp moat true. • -
TJpthe side* clambered vinas of tha i*y,
On which grew tbe fl .vrers Ire seen;
Brffcht OUM I plucked Ib. to carry,
To bedeck our gentle May Quean.
Seated in shndy evergreen bowers,
Intermingled with man that Hoed
A rati ad the bright bnds and flower#,
BuclrcfM the wieathM that we twitted.
A more lorftly *cene wa4 never beheld
Than that "which in dreamt wa< shown me ;
To lenre it In boMuda I w.t* Compelled,
When .1 woke—and my mountain, no more I—
could so*-
Thus may of/by pn*s away,
When least * c think <>f their flight,
Hours tnat wera spentln plemnrfe to-day,
Muv tafiiflh nrwilewre us tndaiknesaot nigiit.
Ilarriaville. Pa.
|ftisxcliaitcpus.
- •> > IH >111.". ISVOI 1,1
SHERIDAN'S RIDE.
General Shetidan had errired it Win
chester the night before, On his way
back from the conso'tetion ut Washing
ton, to which he had been ordered. In
the morning artillery firing was heard,
but it was attributed to an intended re
connoisatice, and nothing was thought of
it. Alter an early breakfast, Sheridan
mounted and twitted quietly tl(To«(fh
Winchester, Southward A mile from
the towu the first fugitives from the lost
field were eneouiilered. He instantly
gave-orders to pwk 'the retreiaiwg train
on either (Mite of the road, directed the
greater part of bi« eseort to follow as
bent-they could ; then, with only twer.ty
cavalrymen accompanying him, he struck
6«ifif) a fwmging'gGllopSbr the sceneut
danger. As he dashed Vp the pike the
crowds of stragglers grew thicker. He
reproached noite'; o#ly swinging his cap
with a cheery itnile for all, he shouted :
'"Kafce the otoer way, boys; face the
other way. We are g*>il»g back to our
camps. We ure going to lick tj»etn oat
of their boots." Less classic, doubtles-.
than Napoleon'*, "My children, will
camp on rhc battle-field, as nsu.il j" but
the wounded raised their hoarse Voices
to cheer as he'passed, and the of
fugitives turned and followed him to the
front. As he rode into the forming
line, the men quickened their pace back
to the ranks, and everywhere glad cheer-,
went up. " Boys, this never should
have happened if I had been here," he
exclaimed to one and another regiment
•' I tell you it never should have Imp
pened. Anil now we arc going back to
our oatnpS. We are going to got a twist
fln thcin ; well get the tightest twirt on
ttrern yet that ever you saw. We'll have
all those camps and cannon hack again !"
Thus lie rode along the lines, recti
fied tbe formation, c lustre J and ani>
mated the soldiers. Presently there
grew up across that pike as tfonapact a
body of infantry and cavalry as that
which, a mouth before, had Sent the
enemy " whirling through Winchester."
His men had full fnith in the " twist"
he was " going to get" on the victorious
foe ; his presence was inspiration, his
comnifinds were victory.
While the line was thus re-establish
ed, he was in momentary expectations of
attack. Wright's Sixth Corps was some
distance in tho rear. One staff officer
after another was sedt after it Finally
Sheridan himself d ished dowu to hurry
it up; then back to watch it going into
position. As he thus stood, looking off
from the left, he saw the enemy's col
umns once more moving up. li urried
warning was sent t> the Nineteenth
Corps, on which it was evideut the at
tack would fall, By this time it was
after three o'clock.
Tho Nineteenth Corps, no longer taken
by surprise, repulsed the enemy's onset.
" Thank God lor that." said Sheridan
gaily. " Now tell General Emery if they
attack him again togo after them, and
to follow them up. We'll get the tight
est twist on them pretty Boon they ever
saw." The men heard and believed
him ; the dc-noralizatiou of tbe defeat
was gone. But .ho still waited. Word
had been sent in from the cavalry of
danger from a heavy body moving on his
flank, lie doutited it, and at last deter
mined to run the risk. At lour o'clock
the orders weni out: k ' The whole line
will advance. The Nineteenth Corps
will move in connection with the Sixth.
Tbe right of the Nineteenth will Bwiug
toward the left "
The enemy lay behind stone fences,
and where these failed. brWastwprks at
rails eked out his line. For • linle he
.beld his portion firmly. His left over
Japped tiheridan'e right, and seeing this
advantage, he beat it down to renew the
attuck in flank. At this critiral mo
mentSheridan ordered a charge of (jen.
WcWillianu" hrigadu ajrainst the angle
thus caused in the rebei line It forced
iia way through, at)*l lh<*Tcbel flanking
party was cut off. Caster's cwrahy was
sent gwooping down upon it—it broke,
and fled or surrendered, according to the
agility of the individuals. Siwultane*
ously the whole line charged along the
front; the rebel line was crowded back
to the cre'k; the difficulties of the
crossing embarrassed it, and as the vic
torious ranks swept up it broke in utter
«orrfmion.
Custer charged down in the last gath
firing darkness to the west of tlie pike ;
Devin to the east of ft; and on either
ot the tleeiug rout they flung them
selves. Nearly ill ttio rebel transporta
•ti«p was captured, the eawps nrtH artil-
Jefy mere regained ; up to Fisher's hill
the road was jammed with artiitery, oas
-end ambulances; prisoners came j
streaming faster than the Provost Mar- I
AMERICAN CITIZEN.
thai could provide Cot them. It was the
end of Karly'a army ; the end of cam
paigning in the beautiful Valley of the
Shenandoah.
The effect upon the Government and
the country was electric. The first ru
mors of disasters were painful and wide
spread. On the heels of these came
Sheridan's' dispatch, announcing the re
verse and is retrieval, and giving a faint
hint of the splendid prises—artillery for
an army, transportation, ammunition,
small arms iu a profusion that could
scarcely be estimated. General Grant
telegraphed from his position before
Richmond : "I had a salute of oris hnn
dred guns frem each of the armies here
fired in honor of Sheridan's last victory.
Turning what bid lair to be a disaster
into a glorious victory, stamps Sheridan
what I alWaps thangnt him, one of the
ablest of Minerals " The Secretary of
War endorsed and published tbia to the
world. The resignation of General Mc-
Clellan soon made a vacant Maior Gen
eralship in the regular army, an<l to this
highest prize in his profession Sheridan
was promoted.
It was a giddy height, to which our
modest little red-faced Captain, who
thought be might yet be a Major, had
risen ; but his hcai wns not turned He
dii not even five Vent to his exultation
in conjfratulatron* tb his army. "Every
ODe realised out success"— so he wiote
soon alter ia his offic.al report—"coij
giatulatory orders was unnecessary, and
every ofEce'r and man were made to un
derstand that when a victory wfci gained
it was no more than thnir duty nor .less
than their, country ex.peced from hey
gallant sons." But the country could
at least make its owo congratulations
The name of Cavalry Sheridan was in all
mouths. His exploits became thn fnvors
ue theinc of spottier*, the inspiration of
poets, th<; argunieut against all who held
tot c Chicago declaration that the war
was a failure. Sherman had hut ycrfass
teued the gaze of the nation by hie
grander operations; Ur»nt had Mill .to
naiu .Richmond as a proof of his title to
the power with whieh he was vested;
and for the time Shcridun was iLe mjst
popular of our generals
" Disregarding" the Law,
One if the mo.»t preposterous renor»«
that has been lately sent Horn Wash- i
ington 2'® assertion that the j
President proposes to disregard the
Tenuie of Office Bill, and treat it as a |
nullity until the Supreme Court decides I
whether it is constitutional, " Here's
richness" agsin; and the Copperhead I
l>oetors shake their heads approvingly
over the report, and cxo.aim, " Nothing !
could be more absurd than to dispute !
the right of tlie President to bring laws j
which he believes unconstitutional to a
judicial test."
Tbe President, ns President, has no
thing whatever to do with the uncoDs'-i*
tutionality of laws after he bas opposed
them by his veto. Ills solo duty in re
gard to them after they are passed over
his veto is to sen that they are faithfully
executed. TIICB, it anybody feels him
self to be aggrieved, he wijl bring an ac
tion in the Supreme Court. Hut if the
President, having exhausted tho veto,
proposes to treat all laws which he doe«
not approve as unconstitutional and res
fuse to see to their execution until they
are legitimated by the Supremo Court,
nothing can bo plainer than that every
law passed by coagrcs3 must be sent into
the Supreme Court room and approved
before tbe President wi'l take oare that
it is faithfully executed. Nothing could
be more absurd than such a view of the
duty of the Executive except all tbe rest
of the President's theories.
Of course, as the Copperhead Doctors
truly remark, this appeal to determine
tbe constitutionality of a law " is a right
possessed by every citizen." But to say
that nobody is bound to obey a liw until
some Court has decided it to be eonsti.
tutional. is simply to declare chaos eftme
again. The l'euure of QiEce Biil is a
law—and not a very wise one; and the
President lus just as much right to dis
regard It as he has to nullify every otbo*
laW upoa the statute book He is a cit
izen ot the United States like the rest ot
us ; and if be disobeys the law he will
inevitably suffer the penalty.
THE INFLUENCE or NEWSPAPERS—
Daniel Webster once lcmarked : "Small
is tbe sum that is required to patronize
a uewspaper, aud amply rewarded is its
patron, I care not how humble and un
prctcuding the gazette which he takes.
It is next to impossible to fill a sheet
with priuted matter without putting in
' It something,*!,::!.;* worth the subserip
: tion price. Every parent "W sm is
away from lnuie at school should supply
him with a newspaper. I w;ll remember
wbat a marked difference between those
ot my schoolmates who had and those
who bad Dot aecess to newspapers. Other
things being equal, the first were always
superior to the last in debate, composi
tive, and intelligence."
--No Kind so bright but drink
will befool it; no fortune so a®pie
but brandy will beggar it ; the hap
piest it will fill with misery; the
firmest health dissipation wiljslmtter;
no businesi so thriving tl.ai wtiiskey
cannot spoil.
—lf you want to get at the circumfer*
ence of a man, examine him among men;
hut if you waut /to get at his actual di
ameter, measure him at his fireside.
—Religion is but anothur wotd for the
mind according to what it ii, acting
in the spirit of love toward God and to
ward tueiv
"Let us have Faith that Right hiakes Might; and in that Faith let us, to the end,dare to do our duty as we understand it"— A."Ltncoln.
BUTLER, BUTLER COUNTY, PENN'A, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6,1867.
Geneaal Grant and his Advisers-
It js Yery amusing to heaj Fagin
warning a detectivf to look out for picks
pockets. Or, te put it in another way,
it is very comical to hear the New York
World tell General Grant that he mint
beware of political shyster# and trick-,
stars. "You dear man,"says the artless
frieni of humanity, " those naughty
politicians will be the death of you. Stop
your ears at once, and don't listen to
their wicked stories ; and if they should
ask you to be President, run as fast as
ever you can, and tell them togo to the
bad|place wbere they belong. If you want
to kniw whom to trust come and ask your
grandmother.
General Grant has not Jet found it
necessary tn avoid or to attract the pol
iticians He is of necessity and from
reasons entirely superior to.ordinary par
ty Control the master of the situation.
Thore are cirtain movements of the
lie mind whieh may always be predicted.
Aid one of them is the popular tendency
to exalt and honor the military leader
who without the least seifish ambition
has been the successful hero of a war,
and especially one which has vavtsd the
nsttttß This tendeooy has been illul"
trated four times ia o»)r own hietory.
General Washington was the spontaneous
choice fur the first Presidency. General
Jackson, General I]arrison, and General
Taylor followed, and they were success
ful; not from any remarkable fitness lot 1
salesmanship or ejperieuce of.
aflairs but because they, were successful
soldiers.
This t&ndan'cy, indeed, is the tradi
tionalperil of republics. 3ome «Uy. say
the euemies of free gorernment, there
will come a war Then the people be»
come an "vniy., , They win a victory.
They deify the successful leader. lie
suddenly turns into Mr. Oaleb Casting's
man on hortehack, and by the iid of
the people overturns popular liberty
There is a fatal defect in this logic, and
our history Is the illustration of it. It is,
that when the people are the artay their
liberties are pretty safe. It is the stand
ing army wh'ch is the enemy of Liberty.
But the army of the peopU with which
Washington secured our national exist
ence, and that with which Grant main
tained "it, dissolved in the moment of
victory And during its existence it was
not a public danger, but a public defense
"If General MYlellan," said one of his
staff. ,; had undertaken to march upon
Wellington the army would have march
ed upon him."
Tims with us the great eoldier becomes
the great citizen. The instruments with
which he has done his military work
disappear, and only the gratitude and
admiration which his work excited re
malj. And they exalt him. Wedonot
giSriiima peerage, nor an estate, hut
what we can do is done. And when
his service has been not only unselfish
but especially wise; When he has shown
in his whole career that supreme and
steady good sense, which is to much tarer
and greater thau the mere brilliant dar
ing in which a true discretion and pro
deticaarc wantiug, a profound confidence
springs in the popular heart which ttiakee
it willing to trust the same wisdom in
untried spheres.
It is with such facts that politicians
and all men who would sjecuro public
results must reckon. Tbe true advice is
not not to bid such a man beware of poU
iticians to consider him and his relation
tion to the country. The secret of the
World's amusing advice to General Grant
is tear lest the party that sustained tho war
should nominate the General who victo
riously ended it. It is indeed natural
that those who excused rebellion, and
w'no declare the action of Congress revo
lutiouary and anarchical should, fear to
see the victorious chiwf who approved
that HCtioD. and the most popular man in
the country, the postible candidate of
loyal men. It is also natural that Mont
gomery Blair, a man known of all men,
should undertake to reveal to a crowd of
WashJotoa Copperheads and rebels the
opinions of (ießeral Grant; couuting
upou the General's habitual silence not
to expose such loolish 112 ilsejiood. It is
also natural that a Paesident who means
if possible to restore the Government to
the old political alii, s of the rebelsshould
rcAnlve to remove from tho Department
of War the General who crushed the re*
belliou.
Meanwhile human nature remains tho
«ame. The purpi se of the loyal people
of the Uniied States is not changed by
the performances of the President; and
their faith in the General whoui they
hive waohed and tried is nut shaken by
any assault yet ma e upon 'him.—Har
per » TVetkh/.
—He who is sofe pressed with tempt
tution need not flatter himself that
by and by the cease,
and he be delivered fcum ain : for tv-Oif 1
cations will not cease, and must come,
not from change in outward circum
stances, but from strength given to'
the mocr man, lifting tbe soul ab ive
temptation. Thus may help come, if
l,t earnes at all
—lt is doubtful whether there be
io the world tswjy things more useful
than a well-balanced fljind. To se
cure the balance it assist have an
e<iilal smattering of pros and cons on
all subjects of thought. Tho best
work of the world is <'one by men
who hare a eraie, a twist, a bent for
it. 1
One of oar finest writers sayt
"nightly dews oome down upoa us Ilka
blessings." How very different the daihi
auu come down upon us. 1 '
For theCitl..en.
LINES ON THE DEATH OF A BROTHER.
Gone in thine Inoocence meek suffering ona
Thy w»ary spirit breathed itfcelf to sleep,
Ou cbe n k and bruw uoearthiy beaaty lay
And told tnat life's poor carts had pissed away.
Mark but the radiance of his aye.
That smile npou his wasted chaek.
They t»li us of his glory nigh
In Language wkich no tan gne can apeak.
We miss the at morn, noon and night.
All day we tutss tbe everywhere;
Gem of onr hearth, oar hon»»«bold pride,
Yet humbly we bow to fates d&cree.
Thy day **nament beside aiirotfcar Ilea,
Who for his country fought,
BTeap as in the tented field
Death ia slain and earth is vanished.
11. J. E
WIT AKB WISDOM.
-»-iVjQviqg for a New Trial—courting
a second wife.
—To remove stains from the character.
Get rich.
—Always at the watering places—
milkmen and liquor-dealers.
—A "pacural healer" has turned up
in Si. Paul, ft is not Moncngahela
—AMermatt M notions of a
Bank Director—one who overtooJct the
accounts. n ■ >
—Whenn pickpocket "puils at your
wath, tell him pfainly that you have no
time t? spare. )f
—To keep yi)ur doors from being bro,
ken open by burglars, don't close themi
—Noah waq probably the only person
who Went tos#* tot fearof being dro#ned.
—Why is fir* parad&tical ? Beeadse
the more it's coaled the hotter it gets.
—The poorest man in the world is ene
who has nothing but money. * ;
—Height of absurdity—a vegefarian
at a, cattle show. ,
—What is that which ma*Vbe taken
from you before yoil can give it away t
Your pltotofraph.
—lt beauty's privilege to kill time,
and lime's privilege to kill beauty.
A good kick out of doom is, to some,
better than all the rich uneles in the
world.
—A Gentleman asked a friend ih a
knowing manner—"Pray, sir, did you
ever see a cat fish ?
—Matrimouial History is a narrative
of many wortfj, but the story of love may
be told in a lew lellert.
—The err widely who propose to turn
men to the thoughts of a bettir Wotld
by making them think meanly of this.
—What is that which if you take the
whole away, there will be some left ?
Wholesome.
"We see," said Swift, ?n one of
rtoSt mfrcastio modds, "How little Ood'
think* of'riches by the people he gives
them to."
—Young lady—"Goingto makes flour
bed here, Suiithers ? Why it'll quite
spoil our croquet ground." Gardeqer—
" Well, that's your pa's orders, Miss.
He'll hev it laid out for 'Orticulture, not
for 'usbandry."
What do you mean by a catvand
dog life?" a husband to his angry
wife. " Look at Carlo and Kitty asleep
on the rug together; I wish met) lived
half as peaceably with thoir wives."
" Stop," said the lady, '• tie them to
gether and sea how they will agree."
—A negro returning from church Was
in ccstacies over declaring
it was the best he had ever heard. Soino
one asked him to repeat a part of it,
when he scratched his woolly head and
replied, " nebber mocks do preacher."
—William Andrews, a wag in Eng
land, hit off the salyage mania there, a
lew days ago, by issuing a prospectus for
a joint stock company to drain the Red
river to recover the valuables the Egypt
ians lost, when I'haroh and his host were
overwhelmed by the paters in their pur
suit of the children of Israol.
GOVKRN THYSELF. —An Italian Bish
op, who hat endurbd much persecution
with a calm and unruffled temper, was
asked how he A.tained such a n » ter
over himself. 'By making a right use
of my eye«," said he."l first look up
to heaven, as the place whither I am
going to live forever. I aext look down
upon the eartti, and consider how small
a space of it will soon be all that I oc
cupy or want. I then loolf arountP me,
and think how many are far more wretch
ed than I am.
—A ptrsou in Parrs noticed a poor
man w;th a wooden lejr walking past his
hotel, and gavo him i fraud. The next
day ho saw the supposed beggar, but ho
had changed the wooden leg from (he
right to the left. Enraged at the decep
tion he went up 'o the man aud exctamod,
"You rascal, you had tho wpoden leg on
the other side vesterdy ' You are not
i,-e at all!" tho refpo.se
with dignity, "J I I
wear a wooden leg economy, so as not
to wear out my trousers, ana I change
thd leg to provnt one leg of the tfoc.sere
wearing out before the other.
—Ttrtr REASON.— At a certain collcgfe
the senior class was under examination
for flegrees. The professor of datura!
philosophy badgering in unties. The
point under illustration was that atrietly
and scientifically speaking, we eoe no ob
jects but their images depicted on the
retina. The in order to
make the mtter plainer, said to the wag
of the class I "Mr. Jacksorf, did you act
ually ever see your father? Dill replied
promptly,''No, sir." -'Please explain to
the cammittee "» v '- •"*'
borl ' di *' J 1 »"
ON THE OLD TRA.CK.
If the Democrats wish to have their
wax record forgotten, as tlicj unquestion
ably do the way they take to accomplish
it proves them to-be still undsr the fa
tajity of blundering, which has marked
' their conduot for yetm past, Hy charg
ing the debt, discord and taxation of the
country on 'the Republican party, they
take the most certain and direct ipethod
of keeping alive the recollection of their
oa-n compfiohy with rtrenedftions "leaders
of secession, ih bringing thtfse burdens
upon us. The falfity of (he allegations
will not only keep the remembrances of
[ the past fresh in the minds of Rerub-
I lieans, but will make it an active force
in their political Contests with the Dem
ocratic party,-which first abetted a tre
mendous wreng, and then tries to fix the
odium of it on others.
Their naming of G. 11. Pendleton as a
candidate for the Presideudjk fn
sitioft to such a mart as GeeeWfl Grant,
is a further cvideneo of tho doomed
blundering of the party, as well as of
their preference of the llebel to the
tb'cion principles The false democracy
of fte former adhered to him through all
the country s trials, hesteadily syni l
pathizei not with the defenders but with
fbe assailants of'tbe Union. It ia pro
poned to plao# him In opposition to Giant
whose true democracy transferred bim,
in thf day country's danger, iuto
the fellowship of tl\e Rapiiblioaa Union
partjr. And the one only cavifett
at thni meisurek, aad was
apparently, ai least, indifferent to,.its
success, the other devgted binwelf to it<|
interest and .became the grand engiaeei;
of its success. Jhe naming of
ton lot Ptwsidettt, by the Pembcfato, and
ibgpecially in opposition to Grant, will
bring up to Republican minds with fresh
ness and vigor, the- remembrance of the
old days of sympathy with the Rebejs
and hatred of Union defenders. It seems
to indicate either stone blmdnSls or
blank despair. Or if the'party fe«lly'
indulges any hope in vuoh a contest, it
gives evidence of nothing so niugh as a
low estimate of the people's judgment
arid capacity. If the party should throw
oat Mr. Pendleton and take Mr. Rey
motir, it would not be much better for
it, and if General M'Clellan should come
home and take the party, it could not be
touch worse. General Grant, should he
be nominated in form by the Republican
Convention, is able to beat either.—
l'itttburffh Commtreial.
USOB or LOVE.
Governor Seymour has undertaken the
task ut piloting the Democratic party in
to power again. But just: »•: tie gets
fairly at work he finds the prospect d»-
•troyed and all his hopes dispelled by
the certaility that General Grant, the
Hopublicao candidate, will be the hett
President. There is in this that which
amounts almost to cruelty. Banished
from power aod patronage for years, on
account of their disloyalty, jifot as the
Democratic leaded bcgifl to entertain
lively hopes of returning'again to the
offices which at one time tliey seemed to
think wore created for them, the pros
pect changes to oue of absolute certainty
against them. In case the
circumstances are peculiarly aggravating.
Having kept himselt aloof so that be
might cuius upon tba track as the most
arailable candidate of tbp Democracy;
having nursed his ambition to an inteuse
pitch, arid banished from his mind ev
ery dou.t that his lime was at hand, his
disappointment is necessarily of the keen
est description. In a general way the
disappointment is shared by the Demo
cratic leaders and party. Their finely
concocted schemes for presenting issues
a« well as Candidates their plans for
carrying States in detail and parceling
out offices among the faithful well-nigh
famished from loug banishment to short
commons, are all at once upset by a sin
gle Stroke of adverso fortune so over
whelming that, in the language of the
Pittsburgh l'vtl, it will be useless to
make an .effyrt. Ufj.der these circum
stances, Mr. Seymour witt be excused if
his eloquence should bo less effective
than Usual, and the applause of his party
feeble and uncertain.'— I'ittsburyh Cum
merciid.
AN ICE CAVE. —Nearly all the ice us
ed on the Pacific coast is obtained from
a oerer failiog ioe cave in th° Northern
part of Oregon. Tbie fiparkablo sub
terranean cavern, where ttw ice remains
in p perfect Mate the year round, is jus
ted o» a stream known as the White
Salmon which emprtes into tW'Colum'.
bia river on Uie Washington Territory
side, about thirty mi lea below the l>al»
lies. The entrance, to thi? icy chamber
it) near the base of Mouut Adams, which
stands twenty miles from tho Columbia,'
and whose melting snow constitutes tho
waters of the White Salmon. The di
mensions of this cave are vail, extend*
many (uiles under the snowy moun
tain, and the scenery inside is »upreinelj
grand. The ire is found in columns
formed by wate* falling from above and
concealing as it falls. There columns
are cptoul i%blnck#«iid conveyed on the
back of animalf w. ! te Columbia river,and
from thencc-are shipped to all markets on
the coast.
Make the heart right, and thi man
will be right, the wouian wiil be right
the child will be right; make tho men
women and,children right and the name
will.be right; make the homes right, and
the town fight and the oitv will be right,
—w ♦».«. towns and the oitiea right and
srws,'i» 11 »««■ «3S
will be jjigM ; i»lf» I M n» tlol » p , g
the w»rid will be rignf .
RECONSTRUCTION ELECTIONS
VfBOINIA.
i Contrary to the confident expectation
of the opponents of reconstruction in
Viiginia, the Republican conventionists
have carried tbe day. The returns from
■ll the counties have not yet bren re
ceived, but as far as heard from 7°.777
votes have been cast for a convention
and restoration under the acts of Con
gress, fnd 44.925 .against. The rest of
the state will probahly iucrtase the ma
jority. was unexpected to
both parlies, and the'white population of
the State very greatly preponderates over
the black, aud ii overwhelmingly com
mitted to the rebel cause. No influence
could be found strong enough to produce
auy \<pon their array, for
the first time ia the hm'bry of Virginia
the wording population have stood up
firtnly for their own interests and voted
in direct defiance of employers.
Richmond gave over 4t)o foajorify fer
the ticket, "fyo xeal aud
earnestness of the colored voters surpassed
anything heretofore known ip political
annals. While in line awaiting'their
turns to vote, they were fumjisbeawitlf a
wagon load of breaii, coffee, and
other eatables. and seemed determined to
exencitp their prerogative, and to nght
it out on that line. The , Republican
delegates thus, far chesen are' about ene«.
half the white qfcJegales. TJiese returns
as. wel| as those from Louisiana, render
it eert»in that the prppe«dings under the
Ctypgresefoual will all
be connumniatfdj without any
that the c'f ijie (ep rfbel Stales
win he reorganized yndflr loyal auspioes
and return to the ip (he hands of
the . patb *qd prc{(*rejj»
cast their electoral jofo for a Renubfiean
candidate for tha Presidency. X' ,e
northern elections, tjiprefore, will not
have any influence to interfere »ith or
prevent the sucuess qf
tion scheme. t r >i , <• r |
U « ARKAMBAS. I v ~| |
The ofßcial majority in Arkansas in
favor of the State convention was H1.V87.
Number of vote* registered, 165.239; for
convention, 87.072 ; against, 5.b85. Ma
jority of registered votes, 10.212.
4 T,OCISTA!»A.
Gen. Mower has issued an order ap»
pointing Satnrday Noveniber 1 23, as the
day frtr the issetnbling of the Louisiana
Con vent! oft to frame the new constitution,
instead df the 19th, as before stated.
ALADAMA.
Geo. Pope baa direescd the Alabama
Convention ta assemble at, Montgomery
on Tuesday, November 5. Not more
(ban bftcen eolored delegate* were chosen.
A DAY OR rnANKSffiVIJfo.
The President of the United State*
has issued his proclamation for the usual
National Thanksgiving Day, and has ap
pointed Thursday, November 28.
Coi.ons MADDEVINO ANIMATR—
»hat reason o*n be lissigfled for the
well-known tact (hut red, mote fhan any
color, excites many animals to the high
est point of desperation ? Many persons
Imve unquestionably lost their lives in
consequence of wearing articles of droSs
which provoked domestic*!# 1 animals to
such a piteli of fnry as to lead to melan
choly results. Peipijle?, for-example, in
attempting to cross a pasture, wearing a
red shawl, a red covering fir tho heed, a
scarlet dress, or fluffing sckrlet ribbons,
where bulls arc grazing, hsmrl their
lives. Otcn, otherwise peaeeubiy dis
posed, becouio intensely infuriated at
some seasons by tho sight of -bright red
almost auy article of
female dress of that particular hue. It is
equally curious that turkeys manifest tho
samo restlessn«!s and ultimate excitement
at red Hugs or red dresses. The turkey
cock ou such occasions assumes extraor
dinary dignity, gobbling most uproar
iously, and creating imiuuose excitement
ip bis I'amiiy, oot accustomed to the
sight, Nearly ail tbe wild graj*ng ani
mals exhibit surprise, if not positive
fright,. when a red cloth floats before
them. Perhaps the carnivorous quadru
ped* feel the same onooyauce under like
circumstances ; but, at all events, as a
cause for all this turbulcuca is not ex
plained, it is always safa not to provoke
the iro of animals whieh are tbus affooted.
LOST TIME Let any MAP pass an
ereting in vicant idlecpss, or even in
reading sopie silly taje, and compare tbe
state of his mind when he goes to sleep
or gets up next morning with its state
some other day when he has spent a few
hQifrs hi going through the proois by
facts and reasoning of some of the great
doctrines in natural science, learning
truths wholly new to him, and satisfying
himself by careful examination of the
grounds on which known jhruths rest,
so as to be not only acquainted with the
doctrinos of themselvea, but able tj} show
why he believes them, and to provo be
fore others that they are true, will find
ap jjreat a diffcrenoe as can exist in tho
sstue being—tbe difference between look
ing back upon Time unprofitably wasted,
and time spent in self improvement, he
will fcei himself in o op case listless and
dissatisfied ; in tho other comfortable and
happy In the one cast, if bo did not
appear to himself humble, at least will
not have earned any claim to his own
respect; in the other case be will enjoy
a proud con»oi»tt»nw» of-having by "ma
o#n exertions become wiser, and there
fore a more exalted nature Brougham
| •"
—Tho grave of • freeman is far gr*av
I «Jcr than the of J ?lave
NUMBER 46
Trial of the Arch Traitor
.k^L° r 9t ' c ? phase has given notice
that he will preside at the trial of Jeffer
son I avis, provided,the parties will con
sent to bring it on Nov. 13th instead of
latt sr Deing the day
specified in Davis' bail bond for hi* ap-,
peat-auce to answer to the indictment.'
found agaibst h.m, A. the Chief Jus
tic. » to provide in the Supreme Court,
which commences its annual session oa
the first Monday in December, his re*
quest is reasonable, and, wo presume wiii
be acceded to. So we may consider it
settled that the tri*l will commence on
the 13th inst and that the Chief Jus
tice wi preside. This the whole cow
try will be e l»d to hear. May we o 3 t
now hope that the Attorny-Gonera! will
0 Hie prospcutieo 7 jKy i« uo natto '
larceny liwfjja sjjeqr afiqftajiah
| lO it as oilier than * State ,
trial ode destined to bp'cited as a precis
t? and qo
thrfcuglr many years, th, yMfop in
volvea .re those of public an! coo Hit u.-
tiQflal law -|h«e are po facta in
and the examination of witnesses
not occupy two hours. We judge, a!»o,
that the impannelijig of the jury vepj
excite little interest, since (he issue ui'43l
depend ou the law of the ewe h ruled
bj the Coi|rt That Jeffer&on Davig
levi.ea war W'P« the Usited States ia
M a faot as tint Andrew
,T Dt °iV* ?°/ I ' l " esideut , Of Saluioo P.
Chase Chief JueUce ; w« oaaftot supposo
that tpinent lawyaj-g wifl beiitato to ad.
.AM« M tb< ? oo 'jT-gra ve qjipet i ons
liivolVpd are question* of law, U would
•I®".' P'»in fbe law o» wibiali a «oij- -
rictjon (s demanded should J>e propound*
ed and 4et forth bj officer
or tho Government —in by the
Government itself.
Sixty h»v«. e,Up»«<l j>iuqe tho
first great State trial in ouf Federal hi#„
tnry-—that (if Aarnn iiurr, lata Yico
1 resident of the I niteii States,
treason. DaTis has not IllTeci quite so
lofty a station, flavin£ Wen TT. 13. jaen
ater and W ho
was the'Fresident of s eonfeddttoy which
for four year* dividsd and defied
whole power of tho UfiMn. Th«n the
Chief Jnstioo Was from the Sdnth', tho
accused frdto fhe North ; DAW the posi
tions are reversed ; but it is notable that
Richmond is the scene of b&fh trials
Judge Underwood would hhvef tried
the ease with perfeot uprightness and
judicial impartiality ; yet ft is fitter that
the Chief Justice should pretiitf# And
the properties dictate is plainly that the
Attorney-Goners] should lead thh prosrf
cution. Lot it he borno In mirfd that
the Atneriean people aro tf/thally the
plaintiff in this OM«, and that thtf divlN
izel wrrld win note itS> process and
award the ultimate *erdie».«— flkrrman
loieit TrUgrapFi. r
TROUBLE AIIEAD. —Many very DIS
creet porsons are under the impress,
ion that we are on the eve ,of anotu
er civil war. The Washington Chron
icle makes the remarkable statement
that letters have been revived from
the that the ex-rebels
of that Reation r inclu(ling<!crt»in news
piper editors, expect a renewal of
the late citil war on the re-ri9fl«tn>.
bling of Congress. The writers argue'
that the paroles given by the rebel
soldiers to Gen. Gran preverit thom
from fighting against the North ngait.
except under the leadership of aom
recognizeq power in the government,
and they expert President Johnson;
will furnish the leadership whet* tion
grcss attempts to impeach him. Th■)
canard» published in thcAdi.iinbtri
tion papers, apparently authorized
by the President himself, regfcP'Kfir:
th® intentions "of the radicals North
and their alleged inclination to forci
bly despose Jobnsotl from thc'WhiV
House, have so excited the people t. r
that section that they are actual,
preparing themselves for a war. Wuii
these facte before them, e*>-yti tUe
Chronicle, our readers precoive tb 1
significance of Gen. Mower's rcce:'*
otder in Texas and Louisiana, pro
hibiting tho establishment of unautfc*
orized military picket guards at nig t
in those States.
A DAY.—A day ! IF has risen UPON
us from the grest (Jeep of eternity, girt
round with wondir; emerging from tho
wotbb of tfarknefs 112. a veir eristion vrf
life atfl ffjrht spuken iuto being by tW#
word of God. In itself ono entire sod
perfect sphere of Space and' time, 15 iM
and emptied of the sun. J?/ory paU
generation is repsesented in it; j,t is.ti+a
(lowering of alt history, »n*l in so miwi>
it is richer and better 'llian all other day#
which have preceded it. And we ftavtf
been re ereated "to new opportunities'
With new powers—called to this utmost
promontory of actual time, thii oentr i of
all coming life. And it is for to-dav's
woik we have been endo#ed ; it fts for
this we sre pressed and surrounded with
these faculties. The sum of our ettiro
being is concentrated her#; and today
is all the time we absolutely have."—CVSi
pin.
—General Kilpattiok, Minister "
Chile has sent in his resignation eft's
position in the anny, wt}ich jg
in the First Artillery. His breve r»ui
is Majot General. This » th# third %io»*
ho has tendered it, aiid will ot-tf f*
I accepted.

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