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Ijttiacelhmeoiiß. Common-Sense ID Reconstruction. Those who have supposed that a new plan of reconstruction was likely to be adopted because of the result of the au tumn elections have neither observed the facts of those elections nor reflected very maturely upon the character of the American people. The elections do not show substantial increase nf the Demo cratic vote; and nothing less than that could be fairly interpreted as a change of the popular sentiment and purpose Republicans have abstained from voting indeed, and the result will bo a whole some correction oi many errors into which a party with an enormous majority is very likely to fall, flood and generous nien —met, w ho are earnestly devoted to virions moral reforms—-naturally ally thcti'selves with a party whose funda mental principle is that justice is the best policy. And such uieu naturally Wish to advance their reforms bv means of the great party organization. Hut those who udhero to the party for its especial and legitimate purpose are rc polled by such efforts; ml feeling the objects of the party to be endangered by the want of wisdom of some ol its mem bers, they do not hesitate to rebuke them by suffering the party to be defeated upon gome minor issue This brings the whole party to its bearings, provided its real purpose is yet unachieved ; and, I'ke a confident arfttv worsted in the skirs mishmg of the out posts, it feels the ne cessity of care aud discipline, and its vic tory is assured. . Now the great purpose of the Repub lican party in the reconstruction of tliq. Union upon the policy of equal rights. The War left the rebel States without civil government and without slaves. The National authority thus being oblig ed to provide local State governments proposes to found them upon the consent of all the people expressed in the usual vray. and excepting a certain inconsid erable number whose disability may be removed at any time by Congress. It further ptopoees that in this State gov eminent no person shall be disfranchise ed on account of color. This is thj Re publican scheme of reconstruction. Ic intends the restoration of all States peace ably and securely, as soon as possible. This can not be done by creating arbi trary political distinction among the in habitants of the Stato ; least of all by giving political power to the most di-af feoted clas . Nosatie man supposes that there can be an j effective reconstruction uutil there is a mojority of truly loyal voters in every- State, or a minority so j large and important as to hold the ma- | jority in cheek. There was but one way j to have this number, and that was to en- j franchise the whole population, with cer tain conspicuous and notorious exception. : Such a system admitted the ignorant , white and the ignorant colored inhabit- ! ants to vote. It was a great pity that all were not intelligent, and that the matter j Could not be delayed until all were ed , ucsted. Rut delay was indefinite mili- j iafy occupation, which must b# avoided 1 if possible. Public impatience must also be considered Th > law was therefore j passed, every honest man feeling that a man who could not read, but. who was instinctively loyal, WHS a safer citizen tliau a niau who could read and was lis affected The result has proved the justice of this view The recent elections in the Southern States show that this majority or largo minority of loyal votes has been developed in every St ta. Unfortunately it has also taken the aspect of a division by color. Ho* that is not the fault ot the reconstruction policy. It is the nat ural consequence of the situation. The former slaveholder class was white, and it fought against the tiovernmont in or der to perpetuate slavery, the basis of its political power. It failed, nnd nobody knew th; purpose of the rebellion better than the slaves When, therefore, they Were made free against the will of their late masters, was it likely that they would instinctively turn to them as to their best friends? but having made the slaves freemen, what was the Government to do ? Should it leave thein, under the plea of State rights, wholly to the mercy of the master class ? or should it guaran' tee the civil rights which it had confer ree in the only effectual way, by giving the new citizeus political power ! There can be no serious question upon this point. It is mere folly to say that there are people who have civil rights and who are protected without participation in political power. Does any competent person belieVe that the colored inhabit ants of Louisiana or Texas would be So protected ? Does not every American cit isen know that they were not ? The Republican policy of reconstruc-. tion is that of practical common sense, and it will therefore be maintained. Its Btrength bb4 security do not rest upon any partiality for the oolored race, nor upon any remarkable love of justice, nor Upon and vindictive feelling toward reb els, but upon precisely the instinct and determination that carried the war to an unconditional triumph. The people of this country do not believe that the Southern States can be safely and eco nomically restored by givim* them wholly into ex rebel hands, ard they therefore will not bring into power a party which has no oiler policy. Men are not very logical m politics, and great multitudes are seldom controlled by a perfectly pure ; principle. It must have the alloy of in terest, of prejudice, of eooae baser emo tion, as in nutritious substances tbe fi brous woody part is larger than the sac charine element. Thus Ohio rejects ne gro tuff rage. The question, indeed, was AMERICAN - CITIZEN. complicated. But concede that Ohiu does not wish the colored populatiou to vote. It is a soiry fact It sfrows how poorly Ohio understands the relation of justice to goo I policy. Rut it by no means shows that Ohio would not vote for suffrage ir Louisiana. Tbe question there is wholly different. In Ohio it is a point of principle : in Louisiaua, of polioy. It is not necessary that colored men should vote iu Ohio to keep that State steadily in tho Union. Rut in Louisiana it is essential. If the Louisi ana should reproach tho Ohio voter with inconsistency, he would reply that he was not inconsistent, tor if Ohio were in the condition of Louisiana he would vote accordingly. It is not lik'ely, therefore, that tho people wtH suddenly decide that the only safe and permanent method of reconstruc ton is io paralyze the loyal element in the late rebol States, and commit those States wholly to the charge of men like Mayor Monroe, Governor Ferry, and the malcontents. The country is heavi y taxed, as Mr. Horatio Seymour perpetu a'ly reminds it, and it therefore wishes something t.) show lor its money, and that something is reconstruction upon its own sensible, conclusive method, and not upon terms dictated by unrepentant reb els, assisted by Mr. Horatio Seymour, with his abolition of tho Senate, and Mr. George H. Feudleton, with his repudia tion of the national debt.— Harper* Weekly. The District School Teacher. The social statistics of tho United Stales Census Bureau do not give us any table showing the propoition of male and female employees in any branch of la bor; and they do not therefore positively declare, but there is reason to believe, that one hundred thousand of the one hundred and fifty thousand two hundred and forty-one teachers in the ono hun dred aud fifteen thousand two hundred twenty-four public shools, colleges, and academies in the United States are fes males. Two thirds of the grand army which Rrougham was proud to see on tho march, armed wifh primers, and of which he justly anticipated such grand and glorious and progressive, though peaceful triumphs, arc Amozons; and, singularly enough, they have formed the vansguard. The women have really been pioneers in education, and have been among the earliest to ponetrate tho new fields, the opening Territories, and to invade those forbidden States of the South whore education a few years ago was proscribed to oertain classes and col ors, but where now the school-teachers form a mighty army of invasion and are peacefully accomplishing a mighty inv olution. Every "village schoy].uiarm," every distjiet teacher, has a dual existence— the life in and tho life out of school She is supposed to be au epitome of all knowledge, and a combination ol "what soever things ate pure, whatsoever thiugs ate lovely, whatsoever things aro of good report.' Her conversation ii supposed to be a sort of abstract of all the wisdom of Solomon put into plain English for plain Country folks No subj ct is con sidered too abstvuso for her discussion, and iiono too trivial to command her at tention. Iu the little world iu which she moves she settles all vexed questions in ethics, mathematics, geography, e'c.. and perhaps the next moment gives her decision as to the shade of a ribbon or the fit of a garment. She Writes the bu siness letters of the farmer with whom she is temporarily boarding, rnd is often expected and called onto carry on the love correspondence of the neighboihood. frequently writing on both sides of the stoty, aud entering deeply into all, the quarrels of lovelorn couples. She reads the newspaper to the old folks, conduct ing all the literary affairs of the family except the morning and evening service. It is popularly supposed that brain work is not fatigueing. and that, as she is not a fie'd-laborer during the day, she can nurse the sick at night without fatigue. She is, in short, the cherished confidant of tl.e troubles, real and imaginary, of the whole village; at i nee "guide, phi losopher, and friend." She is usually of city origin and has been educated at the "Academy," and is popularly supposed to know every body and everything in "the city" as well as in the books. Lo cal habitation in the village she has not, but is'hoardcd round" among her pat rons, leading as migratory an existence as the birds of the air and the beasts of the field, and is therefore looked upon as the fortnight newspaper, and is apt to give offense if she docs not take to her newest home the news, and often the scandal, of her last. Her legitimate sphere is the school room. There she is paramount; there she reigns supreme, without a rival, mon arch of all she surveys. Over the minds of the little ones she has a wonderful in fluence. TLey regard her with amaze ment and awe, and place tho moat im plicit faith in what she says They cati not understand how she ferrets out cv ery wild prank, discovers every shirking, of lessons, and sees through every sham; they only know that playing sick" is plryed out, and "peeping on" is lost la bor. These are bright sides of the picture, Let no one suppose either position is a sinecure. Only they know the strange isolation tbey endure, the heart sicken ing loner.omcaess they feel, sarrnuotied by hundreds of frienis but not one of their own condition of mind, net misnn derstood but unappreciated. Let th'ise who imagine this life io the school a pleasant one try it; and when the nov elty hi*' worn off, when each day becomes a counterpart of the preceding, when the "Let us have Faith that Right makes Might; and in that Faith let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as it"— A - LINCOLN BUTLER, BUTLER COUNTY, PENN'A, WEDNESDAY, NO VEMBER 13,1867. mistakes that were amusing at first have become monotonous, when the interest ing faces have lost their brightness in poring over books too deep and wise for their littlo minds, when cliildian that at first were overanxious to please have with increased intimacy grown provokingly careless and stupid, they will be ready to admit that these and inuumerablo other petty annoyanoes require a teacher to possess her soul in patience. Talk about Job's patience! He never taught school! True he endured a severe ordeal—loss of friends destruction of property, treachery, disease. We nerve ourselves to endure great sorrows; it is the lesser ills of life that overflow the cup of bitterness, and many of ihese are crowded into each day's experience of the "District school mistress." Aud yet the life has its joys as well as its vexations ; and our picture will res cull many little pleasantries to many a teacher's mind. The picture speaks for itself. The Teacher's face tells of so much patience, firmness, and sweetuess that we know the happy, eager children are in good hands. That tall girl is a controlling impulse in tbe school, and lias already a womanly air. The long haired lassie is a merry sprite with laugh ing blue eyes and golden hair. She is full o r f'un, yet a good pupil, and cvi- | dently a favorite with her teacher, whose hand is raised as if to give her a gentle admonishing pat on the shoulder. The round baby face in the ccntro has just finished first day at school, while the little fellow on the left has an earnest, sorious lace, as though ho were revolv ing in his mind some matter ot' grave importance.— Harper's Weekly. CHEAP DWELLINGS. .Jii Those who have plenty of money can purchase the brains of an architect to tell how to construct a house, if they hare none of their own ; but those who have but littlo money must plan their own houses, perhaps build them. The popular method of constructing wood houses, particularly cottages, has not been by any means the most economical that can be devised. From thirty to for ty per cent, more lumber has been used than is necessary, and much labor expen ded that is who'ly concealed when the house is completed, and altogether un» nscessary. A small dwelling need not be constructed as we would build a ware house or a grain elevator. It is never subjected to any test of its strength, and wooden cottages never fall down so long as they have a good foundation and chose little repairs which all houses must have to staid the ravages of time. No square timber, and but a few scantlings are res quired in a small cottage. Mortises and tenons are of no account —indeed they are a positive detriment, while braces arc equally useless. The studding of a house may as well be made ef iiieh boards four inches wide as of double that thickness. These studs will hold the nails of the siding and lath just as well as those two inches in thick ness. Just so the floor joists may be of inch stuff eight inches wide. Having laid up the cellar walls of stone and lev eled theni at the top, boards should be laid on this wall to form a sill. The bents of the frame may then be set up, one after another, and stayed till the sid ing can be put on. These beuts may be on the floor, joist, stuJs, cross joints for the ceiling and rafters, all nailed togeth er firmly with cut nails while lying upon the ground. Every pioce of siding nail ed to this frame tends io make it firmer and stiffur, and so do the laths upon which the mortar is to be spread. The partitions made io like manner, well se cured, al-o tend to stiffen the whole fab ric. . ith here and there a good sup port in the cellar, such a house when completed, woul I be just as desirable for all practical purposes as one of the same size Contaittiug nearly twice as much ma terial, and it would certainly be just as warm. A cottage with five or six rooms may be speedily constructed oil this pria ciple, at a much less coat than io the pop ular style ot bu : lding. This is a subs stantial building compared with those constructed on leased lands about Chica go, and they are deemed vary comforta ble, and their strength and safety are not questioned. Some method must be de vised to cheapen the cost of dwellings, and we know of none that commeuds it self so well as this that wo have suggess ted. TALENT AND TACT. —Talent is some thing, but tact is everything. Talent ts serious, sober, grave and lcspectable; tact is all that, and more too. It is not a seventh sense, but it is the life of all the five. It is the open eye, the quick ear, the judging taste, the keen smell and the lively touch; it is the interpre ter of ail riddles—the surmounter of all difficulties—the remover of alt obstacles. It is useful in wfitude, for it shows a man his way into the world; it is useful iu society tor it shows him his way through tho world. Talent is power —tact is skill; talent is we'ght—tact is momentum, talent knows, what to do—tact knows how to do it; talent makes a man respectak le—tact will make him respected; talent is wealth tact is reaiiy money. For all the prac tical purposes of lift, tact carries it a gainsl tal.iit—ten to one. —Young man, ynu are waiting for some door to open into a broad and use ful future J Dont wait. Select the door and pry it open, even if you have to use a crow-bar. —A man oannot possess anything that is better than a good woman, nor any thing that ia worse than a bad one. WIT AITO WISPOM. —What goes against the grain? A reaper. —A thorn in the bush is worth two in the hand —The largest room in the world—room for improvement. —The coward says he is cautious, the miser that he is sparing. —The course of true love is a race where often there is a false start, —Lay by a good store of patience and put it whero you can find it. _ —The most laudable ambition is to be wise ; the greatost wisdom to be good. —Why are hogs the most intelligent things living? Because they note every thing. —A little wrongsgoing in the begin ning leadeth to a great »iB in tho end. —Temptation is tho fire that brings up the scum of the heart. —lt is pleasant tn be cheatsd ;we love sweet wild dreams—the greatest cheats iu the world. —lf a man cannot readily recognize merit, it is evident that he has none him self. —lt is a good thing to havo utility and beauty combined as the poor washerwo man said when she used her thirteen ohildrcn for clothes-pins. ; —The best quality of mind that any one can oome in posession of is the strength to bear up against disappoints meut and misfortunes. is a truo science.—• Tho man of profound thought, tho man of ability, and above all, the man of gens ius, has his character stamped by nature ; the mau of violent passions and the vol uptuary have it stamped by habit. IIE IS RIOIIT. —An editor down South gays he would as soon try togo to sea on a shingle, make a ladder of fog, chase a streak of lightning through a crab apple orchard, swim up the rapids of Niagara river, raise the dead or set Lake Erie on fire with a match, as to stop lovers get ting married when they t ike it into their heads to do so. THE FIRST TWENTY YEARS. —Live as long as you may, the first twenty years form tho greater part of your life. They appear so when they are passing; they seem so when we look back to them ; and they take up more room in our mem ory than all tho years that succeed them. If this be so, how important they should bo passed in plunting good principles, cultivating good taste, strengthening good habits, fleeing from pleasures which lay up bitterness and sorrow for time to come ! Take good carc of tho first twen ty-years. A STORY WITH A MORAL. —A Con necticut exchange tells the following story of a boy, who was sent from Groton, Con necticut, to New London one day last Summer with a bag of green corn. The boy was gone all day, and returned with the bag unopened, which he dumped on the floor saying : "There is your corn; go and sell it, I can't." "Sold any ?" "No; I've been all over London with it, and no body said anything concerning groen corn. Two or three fellows asked me what I had in my bag, and I toll them it was none of their business what it was !" The boy is not uulike hundreds of merchants, who will promptly call him a fool for not telling what he had to sell. They are actually doing the same thing on a much larger scale than did the boy. by not advertising their business. A POOR MAN'S Wisn.—l asked a stu dent what three things he most wished. He said : "Give me books, health, and quiet, and I care for nothing more." I asked a miser, and he cried : "Money money, money. ' I asked a drunkard, and he called loudly for strong drink. I asked the multitude arouud me, and they lifted up a confused cry, in which I heard the words : "Wealth, fame and plersure." I asked a poor man, who had borne the character of an experienced Christian.— He replied that all his wishes might be met in Christ. He spoke seriously, and I asked him to explain. He said; "I grealtly desire three things ; first that I be found in Christ; secondly, that I may be like Christ; thirdly that I may be with Christ." I havo thought much of his answer, and the more I think of it the wiser it see ins. ETERNlTY. —"Eternity has no gray hairs." The flowers fade, the heart withers, man grows old and dies ; the man lays down io the sepulcher of ages; but time writes no wrinkle on tho brow of eternity Eternity. Stupendous thought. Tho ever present, unborn, nndeuyiug, the endless chain, com passing tbe life ot God, the golden thread, entwining the destinies of the universe. Karth has its beauties, but time shrouds them for the grave ; they are but as the gilded sepulcber ; its pos sessions, they are but toys of changing fortunes, its pleasures, they are bursting bubbles. Not ao in the untried bourne, in the dwelling of the Almighty, can come no foot steps of decay. Its day will know no darkening—eternal splen dors forbid tbe approaoh of night. Its foundations will never fail; they are fresh from tbe eternal throne. Its glory will never wane, for there is the ever present God. Its harmonies will never cease, exhauetlese love supplies the song. Education in the Southern States. In the New York Tribune of October 19 there is a very valuable communicas tion upon education in the South. It is uot possible to overstate the importance of this subject in the present condition Of the country, for if it were essential that the freedmcn should bo enfranchised, which is indisputable, it it not less ne cessary that they should be educated.— Moreover, as their enfranchisement came from the free States so must their educas tion come. To abandon them to the class which lately held them enslaved, which is the policy of the Democratic party, is not only to leave them without any safe guards of civil rights, but it is to con demn them to hopeless ignorance. The article of which we speak truly states the situation of the country in this respect at the beginning of the rebellion. Of the 8,000,000 Southern whites in 1860 only 300,000 owned slaves, and only 90,000 of the owners had more than 10 slaves each. Other small slave holders and a few hundred thousand mer chants and professional men of some wealth were the adherents of the great slaveholders who controlled the 7,000,- 000 poor whites and 4,000,000 blaoks. Thus 1,000,000 men, owning the land and capital aud monopolizing tho educa tion in their section, ruled 11,000,000 laborers without property or education, and, by the abject subservience of the Democratic party of the Northern States, governed the Union The two chief methods by which the despotism at tho Sooth was maintainod wero the discouragement of education both among the poor whites and the blacks, and the fostering of prejudice and hatred between these two classes.— The free schools of tho South educated one in every thirteen of the population ; tho free States ono in every four and four fifths. The slave States also especi ally encouraged tho high priced acade mies, which only the children of the oli garch attended. From tho last census it appears that Alabama gave about 800,- 000 to colleges and scadcmies which w<:re untaxed, and no endowment to the public schools. Virginia d'd not tax hor higher colleges and academies, which was a good thing, but she gave only £4,410 to her public schools. Tho four teen slave States excluding Delawaro and including Missouri, which iu 1800 was fast ceasing to be a slave State, and contributed 811,522 of the whole amount, gave only 8130,251 in endowments to free schools. This tells the story. Tho alphabet is an abolitionist. If you would keep a people enslaved refuso to teach thein to read. When the British Re foim Bill passed, Mr. Robert Lowe, who had strenuously opposed it, said, bitterly: " And now, Mr. Speaker, let us enlrcat our masters to learn their letters," show ing that he, at least, knew that the peo ple had not been taught them before. The despotic spirit which instinctively disliked free schools also sought to ex clude books and newspapers except for the aristocracy. It actually proposed a " Southern literature," for the literature of all modern Christendom was incendiary to slavery. It abhorred free speech. It knew that knowledge is power, and it trembled Tho article of which we arc speaking traces the means by which mutual hostility was inflamed between the poor whites aud the blacks. Rut nothing could save tho slave region from Christianity, a real Democracy, and the nineteenth century ; and the war " has resulted io the emancipation of 11,000,- 000 of deceived democracy from the rule of tho aristocracy." Rut the danger of the Southern section is in the still per nicious influence of the former aristoc racy. It ruled through ignorance, from which spr'ng hatred and prejudice ; and if we can strike at that ignorance we wound tho sap root-pf all the national sorrow and is now our great duty. It must be, under the cir cumstances, simultaneous and co-opera tive with political action. Our author gives most striking and interesting facts upon the present condi tion for tho movement for t l 'e education of the frcedmen. The chief superintend ing agency is the Freedmen's Bureau. On the Ist of January, 1867, there were 1496 schools, 1737 teachers, and 95,167 colored and 470 white scholars actually in school, besides these studying else where. " Many of my pupils," writes a teacher in Southern Virginia, "teach white children at home wbo are too pre judiced to come to our school." The colored peop'e are wholly alive to the importance of the work. In Georgia they have organized 172 private schools. In JB6O, within an area of twenty miles Chattanooga, there was no school of any kind whatever. Now Chattanooga has six colored schools besides others, and there are numerous others in the neighborhood. Near Corinth, in Missis sippi, and old genticman says: "My little contrabands have been picking up bullets on the battle field, aud have sent them to buy spelling books." The re ports of the capacity, as well as the ardor of the ucw scholurs are most encour-, aging Now what is the duty of an honest man who wishes peace, and good order, and good feeling iu this cauutry ? Is it to be forever idiotically roaring about the inferiority and barbarism of " niggers," and " nigger equality," aud " nigger su premacy," or to reflect that there is a very large ignorant populatiou in the country, who cannot bo expelled uor ex terminated, and who must therefore be educatod,tbat they may bo more valuable citizens ? The demagogue at the North who was the former political ally of the slaveholder will pursue the slaveholder's policy of encouraging hostility of race and the ignorance of the loborcr But I the man who believes with Washington that the security of this Government is in " tho virtue and intelligence of the people" will strive to promote that intel ligence and develop that virtue. Fra ' ternal feeling among tho citizens is the surest bulwark of the State. Who en courages that feeling? Those who de nounce a part of the population as " nig gers," or those who treat all men as men ? Those who would leave the re covered States sunk iu ignorance, or those who would set a school house at every cross-road ? The Smiles That Hide Grief. Some one said to Dr. Johnson a hat it seemed strange that ho who so often do lighted his cumpany by his lively con versation should say he was miserable.— " Alas ! it fSi all outside," replied the sage ; "I may be cracking my joke and cursing the sun ; sun, how I hato thy beams !" Boswell appended a foot-note in which he rcmaikod that beyond adoubt a man appears gay in company who is sad in heart. His meriment is liko tho sound of d/ums and trumpets in battle to drown tho groans of the wounded and dying.— It is well known that Cowper was in a morbidly despondent state when he pen nod "John Gilpin," of which bclectable ballad and his cogencts ho himrelf bears reocord : "Strange as it may seem, tho most ludicrous lines I ever wrote have been when in the saddest mood, and but for that sadest perhaps norer would havo been written it all." In the hight of his ill fortune, 1526, Sir Walter Scott was ever giving vent, in lis diary or elsewhere, to some wliim sicial outburst of humorous sally ; awl af ter indicating an extra gay jeud sprit in his journal just before leaving his dingy Edinburg lodgings for Abbotsford, he follows it up next day by this bitofselfs portraiture: "Anybody would think from tbe fa! de-ral conclusion of my journal of yesterday that I left town in a very good huidor. But nature has given me a kind of bouyancy—l know not what to call it that mingles with mj deepest affections and most gloomy hours. I have a secret pride—l fancy it will bo most traly termed—which impels me to mix with my distress strange snatches of mirth which havo no mirth in them. TIIE EYE OF THE NEEDLE. —Some traveler to tho Holy Land informs lis that there is (or was) at the side of the prin cipal gate cf Jcrusalam, a small one which, Upon occasions of great urgency, was opened for the admission of persons after the great gates were closed for the night. This gat! from its small size, was Called the Kye of the Needle, and to get a Camel through it at all was no small task—for a lontled camol to pass was an utter impossibility. With the above fact before tho mind, one oan seo that the words of our Savior when speaking of tho straight gait" and the "rich man," Were more literally than many suppose. And we see how as the man passes into the narrow way, the side a-id the low top of the straight gale scrape everything from him to which he had befora trustod. No one can take anything but himself through. Far easier is it to strip a camel of its burden than to divest a rich man of his trust in riches. A POWERFUL FERTILIBEIL —Every farmer has soot at command, whose presence in stovespipe or chymneys is not unfreqiiently tho case of fires, occasioning the loss sometimes of both propel ty ami life. This agent for evil is on* of tlie most valuable manures, and nothing but the most culpable carelesness and indifference will suffer it to remain a standing menace to life arid property, when it can be easily removed and turned to good account iu the fields or garden. Twelve quarts of soot in a hogshead of water will improve the growth of flowers, garden vegetables or root crops. In either a liquid or solid state it makes an excellant top-drcs sing for grass or sereal crops. —Mrs. Lincoln's brothels, as is known, were in the Confederate army. The youngest of lhem started April, 1801, from New Orleans as a private in the Chausseurs a Ficd. and being discharged for sickness at Richmond, in October of the game year returned to his home but, though still suffering iu health, he left a wife and two babies to join the Crescent R«gim?nt, ia response to Boau regard's call, niid fell at Sliiloh. An other, Captain David Tod I, started with Col. Tom Taylor, of the First Kentucky Volunteers, and was also killed towards tho end of the war. And third, Dr. Todd served throughout as a distinguish ed surgeon. A BAD TEMPER. —A bad temper is a regular curse to its possessor , and its influence is most deadly wherever it is found. It is a kind of martyrdom to be obliged to live with one of a complaining tem.er. To hear a continual round of complaints and murmuring*, to have ev ery pleasant thought seared away by his evil spirits, is iu truth a soro trial. It is like the sting of a scorpion* or a perpetual nettle, destroying your peace, and rendering life a burden. —Never make use of a woman's name in an improper time, or in mixed coinpa ny. Ne»er make assertions about her that you feel she herself would bluih no hear. Whan you meet with men who do not scruple to make use of a womau's name in a reckless manner, shun them for they are lost of every seuse of honor. NUMBER 47 THANKSGIVING PROCLAMATION. COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA. LIY JOHN W. GEARY, GOVERNOR. From th« Creation of the world, io ail ages and climes, it lias bseu customary to set apart certain days for specml reli gious observance*. This has not always been influenced by the light of Christian knowledge, nor hy any proper conception of ihe character of that Great Heing "!»ho ruleth tha eirth in righteousness." and "Who daily loatlclh with his benifits," but by au innato sei»«o of the existenoti of an over-ruliug l'owar, by which the world and all it can tains are governed and controlled. Aided by the cultivated reason, and the teaching of Divine revel ation, we, however are taught to rocog nize in that Supreme Ruler a Heavenly Lather, to whom we are indebted for existence and all the blessings we enjoy, and to whome we owe constant and fer vent thanksgiving and prais. It is he who ■'visiteth the earth and waterethit;" who "setteth the furrows and blesscth the springings thereofwho tho with his pjoodness, and whose path? drop fatness who "clotheth the pastures with flocks, and covoreth the valleys with com who 'rnaketh the out goings of the morning to rejoice" who "is our refuge and strength who maketh wars to cease," and"saveth us from our enemios;" whose ' throne is for ever and ever," and who "blesseth tho nations whoso God is the Lord." On all sides we have increased assiti ranee of the "loving-kindness" of an All wise Parent of Good, who has conducted our nation through a Ions? and terriblo war, and prcmited our people to rposes once more in saftoy, "withot any to molest thorn or to make them afraid." The mon strous sentiment of disunion is no lunger tolerated. Tho Flag of the Union, arid the Constitution aio esteemed as the safe guards of the rights and liberties of ths people, and aro revdred and defendod as the ark of their political safety. A kind Providence has not grown weary of supporting o&r contiuuos wants. A bounteous harvest has rewarded the labors of the husbandman. Hooks and herds aro scattered in countless numbers over our valleys «nd hills. Commerce is uninterrupted, and vessels laden with tho products of nature and of art, speed unmolested, over tho trackless deeps.— Neither pestilence, famine, political or social evils, financial embara»sment-. or commercial distress have been pnmito 1 to stay the progress and happiness of the people of this great Commonwealth ; but peace ,health, education, morality, relig gion,, social improvement and r fiiicment with their attendant blesssngs, have filled the cup of enjoyment and comfort to over flowing. Recognizing our re sponsiblity to Him who controls tho destiny, of nations as well as Individuals, and"from whom Cometh every good and perfect gift," and to whomo we are deeply indebted for all these and the richer blessings of our common Christianity, let us uoitorily give our most devotod gratitude and hearty thanksgiving. I, therefore reomtnend that Thursday the 28th day of November next, be set apart as a day of praise and t.hankngiv ing, that all secular and worldly business be suspended, and the peoplo assembled in their various places of worship to ac - knowledge thoir gratitude, and offer up prayers for a continuance of Divine fa-, vor. Given undor my hand and the Great Soul of tho State, at Harrisburgh, this thir ty-first day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eiget hundred and sixty«sevcn, and of the Common wealth the uinety-sffccond. J NO. W. GEARY. By the Governor ; F. JORDAN, Secretary of State. Outi Flowers may be blighted, our pic tures destroyed, our ornaments stolen; but our beautiful thoughts are with us al ways, under all circumstances of riches and poverty, health and sickness, success or disappointment. They are more safe ly and surely our own than any jewel wa oan possess; and what is better still, wo can bring them out and shore them with others without the least fear or grudge ing, because neither friend nor enemy can rob us of them. —Selfishness is a violation of natural law. People say it is natural, ft is common, it is universal ; everybody is solfish, and in that sense men use tho term natrril : but another sense —viz: that which relates to its design, its or ganic tendency —selfishness is a violation of the natural !aw of the miud, and aos cording to tho structure of the mind it is | punished . —Bterhif —Always regard your present condi tion as a state of pilgrimage, never view it as anything more. This will regulate your desires and moderate your wishes for earthly things. This will keop you from being too much elevated when you meet with prosperous sense. TRUTH.—There is nothing ss pleas ant as tho hearing and spekiug the truth. For this reason there is no conversation so agreeable as that of the man of integ rity. who hear* without any intention to betray and ipeaks without any in&cn'iou to deceive. —lt is reported that Mrs. Lincoln is actually proparing to publish a hook. Miss Olive Logan, the New York actress and writer, is said to have been engaged to assist her io the literary labor.