W. S. TIPTON,
r i v.
" Iwfc ' SS a, a. aa. -
One oopy one year oo
One copy nu month. oo
One oopy three mouths 50
Binglo Oopiei 05
Experienoe hu Uogbt i not to print a
newgpapar on credit.
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS: KFHI'ONHIBLE FOR NOTHING.
CLEVELAND, TENN., MAY 20, 1881.
H t;n'ar rale- of adrerti-iog, 1 par aqnare
fir-t inaeition, a'ji 5 ) Mall tacti auUeqaant
Hual ru iK u mil be madi for ail adter
UmduiuU f ir (mm .n-erti"i. - or over.
Transitu' adirti.cniiui.) u.waye payable
qaarUriy in . i.auce.
SUrr.ages at J obituary uotioe, over out
uiuare, ebv gt- J for at balf regular ratea.
All loovi new. 10 oenta a ;rw for each in
rertion. Mo notice, niiierted for lata than fifty ceul.
The gaNjIftj i.l.
'Oh, eweet, sweet, svet," MM swallow sung,
From the BCa) Ml buikUd liigli;
And tin- rpliin'i. raptured c . ti . mug
From Ma loafy perch oiosafby,
"Oil, IWMt, rweat, sweii," rung the joyful MM
"Oli, aweet, sweet is MM arid in June.
"Oh, sweet, .wvet, sweet," tin. maiden said,
A. MM twined hM bait with flower.;
'"roin bird mid hi mum Ukl tOM) el
Tlirougli tin- KiMg .in 1 .lifnl Ihihih.
"oii,eii, amet, aweet," mag Dm J y fni time,
' Oli.sixei, Bivett, swe.t in tin- "ild in Juiu.'
"Oh.swiet, twt'Ot, sweet," tlie swallow suug
On HM summer's dying night ;
And "sweet, hwr. t sweet," Hi,, i-oho rung,
As tin' tobM plaavtrl tor Might;
"Oh, sweet in tlm Hummer when junt begun,
And nweot, aweet, Mini, when her lite in done.',
Hut the maiden, never a word hhe naid,
A she dunned her weeds of woo;
Tho bird that sun;; in hat heart was dead,
With the Hummer uf lung ago;
The sweet, uwoi.t, sweet, of the bloom and bird
An idle moeliing tier dull our heard.
Oh, sweet, sweet, aweet is the whnlo glad earth
When tlio summer days are hero;
Aud sweet, sweet, sweet in the time of dearth,
Though the autumn days are drear;
If only deep the heart is heard
The gladsome uoug of tho " Hinging bird.
An Episode of Bidwcll's Bar.
I tliink it is Emerson who says
"When you pay for your ticket, and
got into tbe oar, yon havo to guest
what good oompany you shall And there.
You buy mucil that is not rendered in
the bUL I have found this remark etui
neatly true ou several occasions, partion
larlj Whan uiy life-long friend Ruth
bears me company.
Ruth is the most unconventional ol
women. She travels, as she does every
thing else, With whole-souled earnest
ness, and finds bread where most peojih
could gather only stones. Thus, re
cently being in the rear ear of the lonj;
train, she preferred standing upon the
platform and drinking in at one draught
that magnificent valley through which
wo seemed Hying, than by tantalizing
sips, as one has to do from behind a
narrow oar window.
I followed her. I always do. Aud,
holding on to tho narrow railing, we
felt somewhat like two lost comets
whirling through space. Soon the door
bohind us banged, and a gentleman in
tho midsummer of life, with a face as
classically beautiful as Edwin Booth's,
and a waist of Falstailian dimensions,
joined us. He beamed on us almost
literally. From tho dimple in his lair,
soft chin to tho ring of brown, silky
hair which lay upon his broad, smooth
forehead, tho expression scintillated
with intelligent good nature. Withal,
there was such a retrospective back
ground to tho sunny brightness, that,
after n few commonplaces, Ruth, the
daring, honest, impudent creature, said,
looking up meanwhile into his face with
a smilo so honest and kindly that he
would . have been a Berserker not to
have reflected it:
"Sir, permit mo to remark that you are
a physical incongruity."
"Not so bad as that, maduiu, I hope.
1 am merely a conductor, as by this
time you have discovered, and a pretty
well-balanced one, independent of my
"But your thoughtful face, sir, that
is what perplexes me. It should belong
to a body but one-third tho weight ot
yours," suggested Ruth, tho wiso disci
ple of Lavater.
"Myfacois all right," he replied,
stroking his cheeks aud chin with an ait
of marvelous self-complacency. " It
stopped growing ten years ago, but it is
here, here," touching tho region of his
diaphragm with tho tip of his front fore
Unger, " that contentment and my rare
good look shows itself. Oneo I was as
thin as Peter Schemmel's shadow, and "
he paused, looking into Ruth's clear
gray eyes as if he would sound her soul's
depths "I am strongly tempted to
tell you my bit of romance, for there la
a long stretch ahead, and you look like
one of tho kind to enjoy a touch of
nature. Isn't it so?"
Tho conductor had struck the very
key-note of our needs. We were pining
for a veritable Oalifornian story, told in
an unconventional way, outside the well
read romances of Bret Harto and the
Argonnul; to be told, too, under such
peculiar circumstances would be an
udded spice, and thus we besought him
to immediately yield to temptation.
"I am an old stager," he said, "at
least as far back as tho spring of '50.
With a blanket strapped upon my back,
Ufty cents in my pants-pocket and the
biggest stock of hopoaud untried energy
that ever made a lad's heart as light as
a balloon, I trumped along here in my
search for the ' gold diggings.' My am
bition was higher thuu those button
yonder by thousands of feet, and the
top was to be capped with solid gold,"
pointing as he spike to the throe sin
gular and isolated peaks wo were just
then passing, known as tho Marysville
Buttes, whose volcanic heights looked
as inaccessible to us as their peaks
seemed brown and barren.
"It appears to mo," said Ittttl eas-
nring tho almost precipitous sides of
those lofty and mysterious hills, "that
when a man aspires to touch the sky ho
would want a higher guerdon thau mere
-.'"Id, not, however, that I hold tin
metal in contempt."
"1 bad, madam, and that was tin
irht4c matter. 1 Has deaj erutely in love
-that was a solemn fret expressed in
M few words as possible and I be
lieved that she loved DM, but the top ol
Mount Shasta was not more unattain
able to ape than Jennie. Her futher, an
old Philadelphia druggist, had money,
Bad I had none. He was proud as Luei
fer, and as ambitious for his daughter
is he Was proud. I felt that t dotted
'more a mountain if I could find I
mountain to move, so Jennie and 1 said
ood-bye one alternoon under an old
ak in Faiimonnt park, and in the very
leptha of my heart 1 believed she would
I", tine to mo. It wus not a seven da,s'
ride in u palace-car from New York to
San Francisco those days, and the tall,
deader, hungry, penniless lad who
tramped along hero t wen ty-nino years
igo, seeking his fortune liko another
Dick Whittjngton, was a weary and
home sick one, as well."
" By ' here which you have twice
used, do you mean this veritable valley
of the Sacmmontor said Buth.
" The very same. My objective point
was a place now famous in the annuls ol
that period, called 'Bid well's Dor on
.recount of a rich bar in tho Feather
rier, fidl of golden sand, which was
discovered by General BidwelL The
place was many miles from nie; the
country was sparsely settled; 1 did not
know a soul (for even tramps were
learoa in thoso early days), and so my
courage and nif logs gave out together.
Pulling oft' my boots about 5 o'clock
one sultry day, 1 bared my blistered
feet to the cool evening breeze, and
creeping into a clump of young
man.anitzas, fell asleep, Imping that I
would never again wake this side of the
I tan. 1 did, however, eonsekus that
my toes were being licked in a gentle
fashion, and discovered that it was being
done by a voting brown setter dog, about
as iiungry-lookin and generally dilapi
dated as I was myself.
" Where he came from I never knew,
but looking into his half human eyes,
we speedily entered into a sort of dumb
OOtnpaot to trudge on together. I found
that the poor felloW (I never could call
him a brute) had a sore knee, inflamed
and bleeding. I tore a strip off from
my last handkerchief to bind it up, and
in place of the Good Samaritan's oil
and wine, gave him my last scrap of cold
bacon. It is strange, but forlorn as I
was in those days, I recall them with a
tender pleasure almost unaccountable.
If I had been raised a Brahmin, I would
have believed that some immortal spirit
of unfailing cheerfulness and unending
resources was imprisoned in that dog's
body. Did you ever read tho. fairy le
gend of 'The White Cat who, after she
had persuaded tho young prince, hoi
lover, to cut off her head and tail and
throw them in the tire, suddenly stood
before him a woman, as fair as Aur orn
Fritz, for that Was the namo by which 1
culled the dug, looked at mo with Jen
nie's brown eyes, half roguish, hall
thoughtful, and together wo resumed
our journey. Nor would I have follow
ed in the wake of tho young prince,
even had I known tho result would be
similar, for Frit, the dog, was invalu
able just as he was. All lonesomenoss
was gone now that he rarely left my
side, and although our shadows had
grown less by the time we reached the
' Bar our immaterial entities were in
prime order for anything in tho shape
of adventure. ' Havo never seen any
gold dug ?' Then I'll not at this late day
spoil your first impressions of a miner's
camp by describing mine, aslapproach
od Bidwcll's Bar. 1 may say though that
one might have supposed an earthquake
or tomado had just been at work there,
tear ing up the hundreds of thousands
of cubic feet that had been moved und
removed by mortal hands in their fran
tic and persistent search for gold.
"Tho 'bar' was a world in miniature.
Almost every nationality was there rep
resented, and almost every feature of
human kind but humanity. Armed
with a pick, pan and shovel, I, like
hundreds of others, began to dig and
burrow and wash dirt. But my labor
and its results would not balance, foT
somehow my little leather bag of gold
dust grew no heavier, toil as I would,
Wages Doing good 1 stopped digging,
and hired myself as a camp scullion.
I did every kind of jobbing within the
rango of a miner's wants. Wishing
ditty flannel shirts anil cotton overalls,
patching leather trousers and cooking
Sapiaoko is not the most dignified and
flower-strewn path to fortune, you must
know ; and to a boy, whoso ideas of
chivalry, independence and deeds of
knightly valor wore purely and intensely
Ityronic, such a fate you must acknowl
edge, was a sort of poetic justice. My
aim, though, was to earn enough money
with which to buy a certain claim of
which I knew, and that I had, in ad
vance, labeled 1 bonanza.'
"I might have succeeded, but I was
prostrated by a malarial fever, and for
days and weeks lay unconscious at tho
tender mercy of a few rough Welsh
iniiiers with human hearts. My little
hoard of money and my energy melted
away together like spring snow. But
for Fritz, I'd have died of disaptoiut,-
inent l.iro, He hud s b plod the 1 never
say die' motto, and I a-, often read in
his glorious ryes Uifl sentence 'You
great old cuwurd! At him again !' as a
tender Mad appreciative Kyuiiathy which
the gift of Mpcooh could not have made
mole assuring. My nurses had pitched
me a tout on the south side of a low
bill, and left me to get well at my leis
ure. My bottom dollar had dwindled
into tho value of a dime, my legs intc
! the thjwnaai of a pair of tollgs (for all
appetite was gone), and one evening
hope failed me. Believing I was goinp
to die, 1 resolved to do the fair thing let
I Jennie, apprise her of the event, and
advise her to forget me. By the dicker
ing light of a bit of tallow asndlr, 1
commenced the letter- the first 1 bad
written for months. I thought aloud
as I wrote. Fritz luy beside me, hi
nose wedged lietween hi.i fore paws, but
1 knew by tho twitching of Ilia enrs thai
he understood every word I Was Writing.
"I bad reached the climax of renuncia
tion and wretchedness- or rather ni;
expression of it when he suddenly rosi
and went out. I soon hoard him pan big
and scratching and tearing tho earth
about six feet from me, as though he
was under contract to dig a tunnel to
China before daylight. Thinking he hfnl
found the burrow of a wolf or a fox, 1
called him off, but he was as deaf as a
rock to my voice. Seizing the earn! h
1 hurried to the spot, around which lay
I half bushel if gravel, which he had
loosened, whi n my eye caught the gleam
of a dull rod streak that stained a piece
uf rruarta about the size of an egg, lying
among the fresh earth. Would you be
lieve it f That streak was worth Oft
dollars, for it was virgin gold. Nor was
it the only one upon that hillside. Frit
bad found a lode (thanks to a gopher),
and I, thereby, had found a fortune.
As soon as possible I had the gold ol
that first precious stone wrought into a
ring of my own designing; all of it, ut
least, but the contents of one blunt
cornel-, which, in its native roughness,
I had mounted as a simple brooch.
Sending these to Jennie, I "
"An act of great generosity, sir, I
think," interrupted Ruth, with a laugh
ing glint in her eye. "One would have
thought you'd have preserved such a
piece of rare good fortune as a memo
" You anticipate me, madam. It was
as a memorial that I sent my first bit of
treasure, but I expected to get it back
again within two years, and the girl
" And did you ?"
"No; nor oven received a line of ac
knowledgment that my oiler had been
accepted. Nothing flndl gold quicker
than gold, when a man has once got a
fair share of it, and in two years I
had, in various ways, secured S?U0,000.
Investing it, as I thought, safely, I re
lumed to Philadelphia in all the pride
of a conquering hero. My story ought
to end here; to wind up with the chime
uf wedding bolls and u ' beautiful Ra
chel' as my reward for faithful serving,
but I hail scarcely arrived when I heard
incidentally that Jennie had gone with
her father to Europe, nor left one sign
that she ever remembered me."
" You certainly did not let that fact
dampen tho ardor of your pursuit?"
queried Ruth; "you followed her, of
"Of course I did no such thing,
madam. I returned to San Francisco
and plunged into tho excitement of
gold-hunting with a recklessness that a
woman cannot understand. Six months
after and I lost ovory dollar, but, by
that time, I had learned that experience
is worth nothing as solid capital until it
has been dearly bought. I whistled my
Loss aud gain, pleasure ami pain,
Balance the see-saw of life,
In the sensitivo ears of my faithful
Fritz, hugged his brown head close In
my shoulder don't laugh, that dog
was my friend rolled up my sleeves
and again went to work with a vigor
that I knew meant success if the vein
hold out. It did, and five years after
ward I had a bank account which ran
largely into the thousands. I invested
it iu land. By that lime I was a bach
elor of thirty. Hard knocks and my one
big disappointment had shaken all the
romance out of me, and when I again
went Fast it was on business connected
with the construction of ( his railroad."
"And you had quite out-lived yirnj
boyish fancy, as your heart began to lose
its youth?" said Ruth, with tho least
bit of cynicism in her tone.
"I think Fritz knew," said the con
ductor, quietly, " I had become almost a
misanthrope for his sake. If I left him
to go into society such as we had for
A few hours he either whined like a sick
child or kept up siuh au increasing
barking and baying that, to save him
from being shot as a nuisance, I went
to no place where it was impossible for
him to accompany me. The old fellow
went with mo oven to New York, and on
tho journey I often caught myself cogi
tating how habom in a wilderness of
wild mustard, and as fond of camp-life
as an Indian would take to tho con
straints of an old city. 'Well, I had not
boon in New York a week before there
was a Btrong tugging at my heart to run
down to Philadelphia. Not that it was
hi Hue fur in, for my parents had died
before 1 fltaf left if. 1 nailed the rh sin
' the cliariu of asmiei.it ion,' and It led me
i to decide at once to run over to the
" There, as I first Went down Arch
street, my poor dug lost liir wits and the
sober dignity of his muturity. Ho hud
'. a remarkably tine scent, I always knew
! that; but no sooner had wo turned into
tlutt particular street than, with nose
I close to the ground and rigid tail, he
; ran zig-zag to and fro as though he was
' on the trail of an erratic fox. I called
to him, hut he gave no hod. People
l got out of his way. The gamins shout
ed, and with a wild, shrill bark, he rod
lattly bounded into th doorway of a
large dry foods store. bounded aflei
I him in UflM to see him rush up to a
lady in black who was examining some
gloves and dance uround her with signs
of the most extravagant joy. There are
tones that live without the aid of pho
nographs. ' Roy ! Hoy ! Dear old Roy !
was all she said, but I'd have sworn the
voice was Jennie's if I heard it on the
summit of Mount Blanc. A white hand
was laid upon his head, and my ring was
on the hand."
He panned. "Yours? Sir, I hope
you did not claim it," said his practical
" I did, and the hand which wore it
just as I originally intended." Nor did
Alexander, in his hour of greatest con
quest, ever smile a more serene approval
of himself than our conductor at this
stage of his story.
"But tho conduct of Fritz, and tho
lady's silence, and all the queer con
comitants which exist only in fiction--how
do yon reconcile them with an
'ow'r true tale!' " said Ruth, the truth
loving. " Fritz was Roy, the Roy who had
often been Caressed by Jennie before
his young master, Jennie's cousin, got
the gold fever, when I did, an! came to
California never to return. Jennie had
written, but her letter never reached
me. She thought me dead. Why the
dog came to mo, when his master died,
is one among the riddles of my life
which I will disentangle in the here
after." "And to-day where is she?"
He stood waiting for the question.
" On our ranch near Sacramento, and 1
belicvo one of the happiest women in
the State. We have a boy ten years
old whose name is Fritz, and all the
dearer for the sake of the old friend
who has long since gone where I hope
die day to meet the human of him. 1
wish you could stop oil' a while and set
my wife. Queer, isn't it, that I should
have intruded this bit of private history
upon you, but the truth is . Yes,
coming. I'll bo with you again, ladies "
A brakeniau beckoned him inside, and
we had seen the last of our handsome
The evening shadows had begun to
lengthen. The setting sun had turned
the vast plain of the Sacramento valley
into a " field of the cloth of gold," and
the distant peaks of the Sierra, clad in
their eternal snows, but now rose-tinted
and glowing, seemed to eh avo the azuri
above them as with a wedge of burnish
ed silver. It was starlight when we
reached the end of our car ride and
were registered for the night.
" The conductor's story was a pleas
ant little episode, Ruth, wasn't it? Dc
you believe it all happened?" I askei
is I leaned from my pillow to hers U
oavfl a good-night kiss on her round
"I liko Fritz," was -her sleepy an
swer. " There's an instinct about some
dogs that the half of mankind can
neither appreciate nor attain. I trust a
man whom a good dog loves." San
Francisco Ary annul.
ll Certainly Taus.
If what Fdisou says is true the
electric arc light is doomed, for it will
find every lady in tho land its im
placable foe. " Will the electric light
tan the face?" Edison was asked. "Tan ?
The arc light ?" said Mr. Edison. "Tan
a man?" (With alacrity.) "Well, 1
should say so. Why, I was working
for a couple of hours trying to fuse some
metal in an arc of 20,0110 candlo-power.
When I got through my skin ww
copper-colored as nn Indian's, aud that
night my face burned as if I had been
roasting it, and my eyes I thought
would jump right out of their sockets.
I tore the bed clothes all to pieoes and
got up and tore the Carpet to shreds. It
laid mo up for three days, and tho skin
nil peeled off my face. One of my
assistants worked less than an hour with
tho same light and it tanned his hide a
brown as a butternut. It made him
blind, too, and it was three days before
tho scales came off his eyos, and his
skin come off in great patches. When
we did not work so near tho light, or
had a light that was not so strong, it
did not use us up so badly, but the arc
light will tan, and no one who has had
any experience with it will deny it."
He also said ground glass globes would
somewhat modify the effect of the light
in this respect, while tho incandescent
light, except when very intense, would
not tan tho skin. A number of other
electricians agreed with tho Menlo Park
wizard, whilo some were doubtful.
( I mors PACTS.
There is a stalui iHte cave tit I lerchborg,
! Austria, in which the jaw -bone of
man, with the teeth well preserved, has
! bmaj found among a pleiitifnl deposit ot
i the remains of the Ursus splca-us.
From statistic of deaths from acil
i lent, negligence, violence and misad
I venture compiled in Great Britain, Mr.
J Cornelius Walford infers that tho risk
to life and limb increases in a certain
i ratio with the progress of civilization
t conclur ion whieh will evidently bear
j very considerable qualification.
Some shells lately received from Lakes
' Tanganyika, N'yassa, and other like
; waters of Africa, at the British Mu. . nm.
I are of great value to naturalists, because
. they bear several maiks of having been
j tiio defendants of certain marine uncos
, tors. Mr. Edgar A Smith read a com
munication on the nature and structure
of these shells at a meeting of the
Zoological society, London, February
In a paiwr on dew and fogs neri
Dines says that morning fog along a
river course arises when tho water is
warmer than the air over it, the evap
oration going on more quickly than tho
vapor can be carried away, and is,
therefore, condensed and sj Head as fog.
The evening fog on moist, low-lying
meadow land he attributes to a lower
ing temperature of the grass surface by
radiation, and a consequent condensa
tion of the aqueous vapor in the lowest
layers of the atmosphere.
Statistics show that since 1&M then
has been an increase of risk from light
ning in various parts of Germany, Aus
ria and Switzerland, while there is ho
corresponding increase in the uuii.bei
of thunder-storms. Herr Holtz, who
has been investigating the matter, in
clines to the belief that tho causes fot
tho greater liability of danger from
lightning an to be sought in the changes
produced of late by man on the surface
of thu earth; such as the clearing ol
orests, tho increase of railroads, and ol
the great use made cf iron iu tho con
st nation of houses.
Bravery of Female Soldiers.
Femalo soldiers have been more nu
merous in foreign armies than in the
English service, f may mention a few.
In the French army, for instance, there
were (among ot hers) Louise Houssaye
deBsnnea, who served from 1702 to
1795, and was at Qatberon; Angalique
ittulon (neo Duehemin, for sho was
married), sons-Lieutenant of infantry,
decoree with the Legion of Honor, w ho
was born in 1772, and died, I believe, in
tho Invaiides about 1859; Thereso Fig
tieur, who served as a dragoon for four
teen years, from 171 IS to 112, and had
four horses killed under her; she died
in 1861, at the ago of eighty-sovon, in
tho Hospice des Fetits Menages at
Paris; Nirginio Chosiiieres, who served
during the Peninsular war as a sergeant
in the Twenty-seventh regiment, ami
died in 1873. Louisa ScanagQiti was a
lieutenant of infantry in tho Austrian
or Sardinian army during the Napoleon
wars. Marietta Qinliani and Hermiuia
Kfanelli fought nn lord iribaldi in Ls;c;
Ucrminia was at the battle of Oustozta.
Augusta Kroger fought in tho war of
liberation against the French as a bub-
altern in the .Ninth ntuutfan regiment,
and was decoree with the Iron Cross and
tho Russian order o.f St. George; sho
(after leaving tho army) married a
brother officer in fHlti, and in her
grandson received a commission in his
grandmother's regimeut. Bertha Weiss
b said to have fought at Spiohoron in
1S70, but I am not sure that her ease is
genuine. Tho most recent instances
that I know of are the following three:
A young Russian ollicer (her name ;s
not given) whom the Times OORespon i
cut, on September 5i9, 177, reported to
have fallen at. Kacelyevo, after display
ing the most brilliant gallantry in rally
ing her men against the Turks: Svlna
Mariolti, a private in the Eleventh
battalion of Bersaglicri, who served
from ISOli to 1H78, and who fought at
Onstozaaj and Dolores Bodriguez, cor
poral (at tho ago of eighteen) in the
First regiment of Peruvian Sappers.
She, it appear.", fought in tho present
South American wars, and is still in MI?
vice. Nut' s and Quoin.
In 184 I there were forty miles of line
and no w ires.
In 1818 there were 3,000 miles of line
and 11,000 miles of wire.
In 1858 there were 14,670 miles ot
line and 23,018 miles of Wire.
In U 60 there were 17,692 miles of lice
ami 2'i.'!7.") miles of wire.
In lWt5 there were 20,412 miles ol
line and 50,211-1 miles of w ire.
In 1R70 there wore 68,408 miles ol
line and 107,2-15 miles of wire.
In 1877 there were 111,052 mil 61 ol
hue and 257,074 miles of wire,
In 1680 there were 142,:j(il miles ol
lino and .'(50,018 miles of w.re.
The iirst line of telegraph in the Pin
ted States was established between Hal
timort and .Washington in 1H41. His
was tho Morse plan, whieh has since be
come the almost universal system of the
world. Fifty million tin stages wen
sent during tho year 18S0 Tho compa
nies employ 21,000 persons, and have
' P. J. WHCnMlbK
D. J. WHITESIDE & CO,
' 211 MARKET STREET,
SHIRTS MADE TO ORDER
april 26-1 1
BUILDING AX K.l (mi.
Tin hi nil ol lIouM-M Petals I i" iu Near thr
The builder selects snow of the propel
consistency by sounding a drift with t
cane made for the purpose of reindeei
horn, straightened by steaming, and
worked down to about half an inch is
diameter, w ith a ferule of walrus tusk 01
the tooth of a bear on the bottom. By
thrusting this into the snow he can tell
whether t e layers deposited bysucces
bivo winds are separated by bands ol
soft snow, which would cause theblockt
to break. When tho snow is selected
he digs a pit to the depth of eight ecr
Inches or two feet, or about the length
of the snow block. He then steps ink
the pit and proceeds to cut out tin
blocks by first cutting down at tho eud
of the pit and then at tho bottom af
tenrard, cutting a little channel about
an Inch or two deep, making the thick
ness oi tho proposed block. Now comet
the part that requires practice to ac
oompliah succi ssfnlly. Tho expert will
with a few thrusts of his knife in just
the right places split off the snow block
and lift it carefully out to await removal
to its position on the wall. The tyre
will almOct inevitably break the block
into two or three pieces, Utterly unfit
for the use of the builder. When twe
men are building au igloo one cuts (lit
blocks and the other erects the wall.
M'heu sufficient blocks havo beeu out
out t3 commence work with the buildei
marks with his eye, or perhaps draws a
lino with his knife, describing the cir
oumferenee of the building, usually ii
circle about ten or twelve feet in diame
ter. The first row of blocks is then
arranged, the blocks placed so as to in
cline inward and resting against each
other at the ends-, thus.iffording mutual
support. When this row is completed
the builder cuts away the first and sec
ond blocks, slanting in from the ground
upward, so that tho second tier, resting
upon tho first row, can bo continued on
and around spirally, aud by gradually
increasing ihc inward slant a perfect
dome is constructed uf such strength
that tho builder ean lie flat upon the
outside while chinking tho interstices
between the blocks. Tho chinking, is
however, usually done by women and
children ns the building progresses,
and additional protection secured from
the winds in very cold weather by bank
ing up, with a large wooden snow
shovel, the snow at the base often being
piled to the depth of three or four feet.
This makes the igloo perfectly imper
vious to the wind in the most tempest
uous weather. When tho house is
completed tho builders are walled in.
Then a small hole about two feet sipiaro
is cut in the wall on the side away from
where the entrance is to be located and
is used to pass in the lamps and bedding.
It is then walled up and the regular
door cut tibont two feet high and
niched at the top. It would bring bad
luck to carry the bedding into the igloo
by the same door it would bo taken out.
Before the door is opened tho bed in
Constructed of snow blocks, and made
from one to three or four feet high, and
occupies three-fourths of the entire
sjiace. The higher tho bed and the
lower tho door tho warmer the igloo
will Fmm an Artie ExplorWt
He Lost by II.
A Oriswold street lawyer was looking
out of his window yesterday when he
recognized a familiar figure and made
hurried preparations!) vacate his room,
leaving on the desk a card bearing the
"Gone over to circuit court be back
iu two hours.''
lie was scarcely out of sight when i In
individual seen from the window entered
the room, read the card, and at once
planted himself in a chair with the look
of a man who meant to sit right then
for twico two hours if necessary. Hut it
wasn't necessary. Ho left the room iti
about half an hour, and the owner hur
ried back to find a note reading:
"DsAS Hut -1 came up this mominj
to borrow 96 of yon to help mo out on
my board. You were not in, but one ol
your Client! has called and loft 10.
have receipted for tho inoimy in youi
name, and will consider it asaleiau until
I see you again. Ta-ta."
Tho lawyer wasn't over ten secomh
realizing that he eonhl havo saved 90 b
staying there and lending as much, and
he wasn't of any good tho rost of the
day. iVefl Press.
THE M03T WONDERFUL HEALTH
HBSrORERU KNOWN TO
Are worn externally. We make three dif
ferent kwaV, No 1, 3 sod 3.
No. 1, For Chills and Fever, Dyspepsia. Ia
ingestion. Bilionane a, hick and Nerrotia Henri
Ache, aud all diaeane. arising from a Ten id
Liver. The most etttctive lilood Fcrifier a
tant;piven atreDgth to tho weak and debilita
ted. Prioe, 2.
No. 2. For Female Woaknese and .rregulari
tie., Falling Womb, White.; enrioheK tlm
blood, purifies the secretions and strengthens
wi-aklv and delicate females. Prio
No.'S. For Kidney, Bpino. and Bladder Affec
tions, Bright'. Disease, Dabetx-s, Lame or
Weak Back, Toue. up Titality and rontons
lost energy. Trioe $3.
If yonr drugeists. does not keep ' BmfDENS
CURATIVE PADS," and will not get ono ft
yon do not i it him palm off worthlusa imita
tion., bnt m. ml the prioe to ns in a letter, au)
we will mail them to you. Addreas
E. F. BNYDER A CO ,
113 W. 4th Bt., Cincinnati, Ohio.
For sale by
JNO. D. TRAYNOR,
la prepared to print anything in the line of
TOiTERS, Aa., Ac
We have a. fine Presses as any oflno iu the
South, and will guarantee all our work to glf
satisfaction. We print in live oolors whan ilt
aired, at but .mall xtra jt.
Justioea and Clerk, of Courts furuislieJ
Blanks on short notioe as chean an any ofticu.
Sample, of Job Work and Piioea sent on
W. 8. TU'l'OV, Proprietor
ITEMS OF INTEREST.
Opium kills 8,000,000 Chinese every
year; so the missionaries say.
An Illinois butter factory uses up two
hundred thousand pounds of milk a
It is easy to pick holes in other peo
ple's work, but far more profit able to do
bettor work yourself.
Cicero has said of men : "They are
like wines ; age sours tho bad and bet
ters the good." We ean say that mis
fortune has the same effect upon them.
1). 0. Mills, the California millionaire,
has paid 11,400,000 for a lot on Wall
street, and will put up a building on it
to cost as much more.
The oldest church in the Slate of Now
York is in Tnrrytown. It is built ol
stone and brick, tho latter having been
Imported from Holland for tho express
purpose, It has an antique belfry,
liigli w indows placed aboe the range ot
Indian arrows, aud hipped roof,
A quantity of Hour was exposed by a
Fran oh experimenter to a pressure of
BOO tons, reducing it to one-fourth its
original bulk. A portion of it was
then put ill cans and sealed, tho tame
being done with soino impressed flour.
A year afterward the cans were opened,
when the impressed Hour was found to
be spoiled, while tho pressed wns in ex
Hpealong Of smallpox, the surgeon in
charge Of tbe unellpOX hospital in Chi
cago says: In Cincinnati there died in
1872, 1,171) ; in 1H7.'I, (158 ; in 1870, 7'2'i;
in 1876, m. For 187J tho death rato
In the Btate of Wisconsin, where (here
was no hospital was 211.25 per cent,; in
the city ef Montreal it was 2H.4.'I pel
cent., and in Chicago it was nearly 17
per cent. In Chicago, the cases treated
at the hospital within three years num.
bored .'110, and the deaths during that
period were 40. This was a record which
had never been equaled in London,
Bngland, during a period of one hundred
and nineteen years.
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